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Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082416
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Summary : Domino effects may cause more severe accident scenarios in the chemical and process industries. An introduction is given to the context and state of the art of technical and scientific knowledge concerning accident scenarios where domino effect(s) took place, as well as to European regulations on the subject. The specific context of chemical clusters with respect to safety and security assessment when dealing with domino scenarios is also introduced.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Alessandro Tugnoli,Valerio Cozzani,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082522
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Summary : Risk-based design has an important role in the inherent prevention of domino effect, limiting the possibility of escalation by both physical distances between units and introduction of robust safety barriers. In this chapter, the role of design in reducing domino hazard has been explored. Layout definition was identified as a key factor for the prevention of escalation. Threshold values for escalation to be used in design activities were defined. Thus, criteria for the assessment of appropriate safety distances were developed and implemented in layout design. The integration of different strategies in accident mitigation was identified as the key in achieving safer plants with respect to domino accidents. Since conceptual tools alone frequently fail in solving the tradeoffs related to the conflicting needs in the design improvement, inherent safety metrics were introduced to support design activities.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082430
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Summary : The first step in the assessment of domino accident scenarios is the definition of the basic elements of escalation resulting in a domino effect. In the present chapter, the fundamental elements of a domino accident are discussed. A generic and unambiguous definition for “domino effect” is provided, taking into consideration a myriad of definitions for the term that have been suggested since 1984. An approach is elaborated and discussed to allow drafting a comprehensive and full-scale categorization of events that may constitute a domino accident. The concepts of propagation and escalation are clarified. The possibility of simple, multiple-level and parallel propagation are introduced and discussed. A framework for the quantitative assessment of domino scenarios is provided.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Ernesto Salzano,Pol Hoorelbeke,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082447
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Summary : Explosions produce pressure waves which expand in the atmosphere. When impacting industrial equipment, domino effects may be caused if the equipment content is flammable or toxic. A detailed analysis of these scenarios requires complex computational tecniques based on finite element analysis. Simplified methodologies have been developed in the past years for land use planning and quantitative risk assessment. These approaches are based on the definition of probability functions and threshold values for the occurrence of loss of containment from damaged systems and rely on the prediction of peak overpressure with respect to distance from the explosion source and on the structural category of the target equipment.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780444543240
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Summary : Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Bahman Abdolhamidzadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082546
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Summary : Nowadays the application of decision support systems (DSSs) in process safety is more important than ever. The use of DSS for preventing domino effects is one of the diverse applications of these computer-automated toolkits. Different software packages were developed in recent years, each trying to manage domino risk by a specific approach. In this chapter, the definition, architecture, benefits and essential characteristics of DSS toolkits are described. The application, scope, approach, technical features, advantages, shortcomings and limitations of all the available computerized tools and software packages presented up to now for managing domino effect are then discussed and analyzed thoroughly. Finally, a framework for an integrated DSS to prevent domino effects based on all existing advancements and potential possibilities for improvement is introduced.

Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik L. L. Reniers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-30
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 3527630368
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Summary : This practical text serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and areas of application for multiple-plant chemical safety and security management. It offers guidelines, procedures, frameworks and technology for actually setting up a safety and security culture in a cluster of chemical companies, thus allowing forward planning. The presentation is conceptually rather than mathematically oriented so as to maximize its utilization within the chemical industry.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Elisabeth Krausmann,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082478
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Summary : Blast waves, fires and fragment projection are by far the most common causes of escalation leading to domino accidents. The present chapter deals with less-frequent and more controversial domino scenarios: domino events due to indirect escalation and external events. Indirect causes of escalation, even if not frequent, may be extremely important since they are likely to be overlooked, in particular in complex industrial clusters. External hazard factors can also cause severe domino accidents. Natural events or intentional malicious acts of interference can escalate to cause severe domino events. The present chapter focuses on these particular causes of escalations, aiming to provide an approach for the assessment of these specific domino scenarios.

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780127999722
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Summary : Explosions in the process industries injure or kill hundreds, if not thousands, of workers every year. They occur in process plants, refineries, platforms and pipelines all over the world. Millions of dollars are spent repairing damages, replacing equipment and rebuilding facilities in the wake of this destruction. This book explores different types of explosions that can occur in a facility and the necessary steps to guard against them. A clear set of preventative measures, rules and standards combine to make this book a convenient guide to real-world applications. Additional theoretical issues in the use of probabilistic equations and scenarios make this book an absolute necessity for process industry safety.

Computer Aided Environmental Management

Computer Aided Environmental Management
  • Author : S.A. Abbasi,Faisal I. Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 8171415628
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Summary : An integration of the fascinating stream of computers with an equally fascinating domain of environmental studies has given birth to the new branch of science we call, Computer-aided Environmental Management (CAEM). This book provides us with glimpses of the power CAEM can wield. It gives us insights into the innumerable ways in which CAEM can solve intricate practical problems of environmental pollution in a sophisticated yet inexpensive manner. Contents: COBAS: Cost Benefit Analysis of Anaerobic Digester Systems, Water Quality Modelling: Approaches to Water Pollution Forecasting and Management, Modelling of Buckingham Canal Water Quality, Modelling and Simulation of Heavy Gas Dispersion on the Basis of Modification in Plume Path Theory, Case Study: Modelling and Simulation of Heavy Gases Released by Petrochemical Industries, HAZDIG: A new Software Package for Assessing Accidental Release and Dispersion Characteristics, Attenuation of Gaseous Pollutants by Greenbelts, TORAP A New Tool for Conducting Rapid Risk Assessment in Petroleum Refineries and Petrochemical Industries, Case Study: Application of a New Computer Automated Tool TORAP in Conducting Risk Assessment of a Petrochemical Industry, Models for Domino Effect Analysis in Chemical Process Industries, Studies on the Probabilities are Likely Impacts of Chains of Accident (Domino Effect) in a Fertilizer Industry.

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants

Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants
  • Author : Joaquim Casal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-21
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780444638922
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Summary : Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants, Second Edition, covers the essential aspects of a diverse range of major accidents including fires, explosions and toxic clouds, and provides the key models necessary to calculate their effects and consequences with applications to real incidents. New topics in this up-to-date edition include dust explosions, evaluation of frequencies and probabilities, domino effect, transportation of hazardous materials, and analysis of significant accidents. The new edition of Evaluation of the Effects and Consequences of Major Accidents in Industrial Plants is a valuable resource to engineers from the chemical/petrochemical industry and those working with the transportation of hazardous materials (by road, rail, or pipelines), in addition to engineering companies and academics alike. Evaluates the expected/probable occurrence frequency of major accidents Describes the main features of fires, explosions and toxic releases Includes mathematical modeling of major accidents, evaluation of their effects, and consequences on people and equipment Explains how to perform a Quantitative Risk Analysis

Integrated Risk and Vulnerability Management Assisted by Decision Support Systems

Integrated Risk and Vulnerability Management Assisted by Decision Support Systems
  • Author : A.V. Gheorghe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-30
  • Total pages :476
  • ISBN : 9781402037214
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Summary : Introduction This book includes terms of reference and offers an augmented volume of relevant work initiated within the comprehensive concept of “Knowledge Management and Risk Governance”. The latter stood for the initial title of an ad-hoc meeting held in Ascona, Switzerland, organized by the Technological Risk Management Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (JRC) and the KOVERS Centre of Excellence in Risk and Safety Sciences of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich. Background Risk governance, in addition to the continuous interest of researchers, has recently attracted the attention of policy-makers and the media and the concern of the public. New and emerging risks in various fields and a number of risk-related issues increased the public interest and prompted for a new framework in dealing with risks. The Conference on Science and Governance organized by the European Commission in October 2000 is one of the international forums addressing this issue. Other recent events such as the establishment of the International Risk Governance Council outline the importance of the governance concept in relation to that of risk management (see www.irgc.org). At the same time noticeable progress has been made in Information Technologies and Decision Support, passing from the process of information PREFACE xvi to the process of knowledge. In this context new tools and methods became available, whose application in risk management may be beneficial.

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries
  • Author : F.I. Khan,Shahid Abbas Abbasi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 8171414222
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Summary : Contents: Introduction, Qualitative Methods of Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-I: Consequence Analysis, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-II: Rapid Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-III: Probabilistic Hazard Assessment, Studies on Chain, of Accidents (Domino Effects), Methods of Hazard Identification, Screening and Ranking, Application of Risk Analysis in Process Design.

Physical Security in the Process Industry

Physical Security in the Process Industry
  • Author : Gabriele Landucci,Nima Khakzad,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-30
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780444640550
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Summary : Physical Security in the Process Industry: Theory with Applications deals with physical security in the field of critical infrastructures where hazardous materials are a factor, along with the state-of-the-art thinking and modeling methods for enhancing physical security. The book offers approaches based on scientific insights, mainly addressing terrorist attacks. Moreover, the use of innovative techniques is explained, including Bayesian networks, game-theory and petri-networks. Dealing with economic parameters and constraints and calculating the costs and benefits of security measures are also included. The book will be of interest to security (and safety) scientists, security managers and the public at large. Discusses how to achieve inherent physical security using a scientific approach Explores how to take adequate add-on physical security measures Covers risk assessment tools and applications for practical use in the industry Demonstrates how to optimize security decisions using security models and approaches Considers economic aspects of security decisions

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Giacomo Antonioni,Nima Khakzad,Faisal Khan,Jerome Taveau,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082508
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Summary : The complexity of domino scenarios represented a considerable obstacle to the quantitative assessment of risk posed by escalation events. In the present chapter, the state of the art concerning quantitative approaches proposed for the assessment of risk caused by domino accidents is summarized. A procedure for the quantitative risk assessment of domino accidents, suitable for the calculation of individual and societal risk indexes, is outlined. Alternative approaches proposed for the quantitative assessment of domino effects, based on Bayesian techniques and Monte Carlo simulations, are also described.

Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries

Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the Process Industries
  • Author : O. Fredholm,A. Jacobsson,Hans J Pasman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-05-21
  • Total pages :1516
  • ISBN : 008053564X
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Summary : This book contains the Proceedings of the 10th International Syposium on Loss Prevention and Safety Promotion in the process industries. The main topics of the conference include; optimisation of operations within the framework of safety, health and environment; safety, health, environment management and performance indicators; risk management experience; safety, health and environment in design and modification of processes and plants; hazardous substance/materials properties; storage and transport of dangerous goods by road, rail, water and pipeline; the prevention, protection and mitigation, and modelling of accidental releases; topics of safety and environment in specific process industries; the impact of legislation and industry initiatives; development of methodology, e.g. of risk assessment.

Think Opposite

Think Opposite
  • Author : Alison Donaghey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-21
  • Total pages :145
  • ISBN : 9781683503477
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Summary : Remember when you thought owning your own business was going to be fun and help you change the world? Then, somewhere along the line, your business became just hard work and wasn’t fun at all. You’re not alone, and it doesn’t have to be that way. Alison Donaghey offers a way to reclaim your business by using a new way of thinking to improve your customer experience, staff contribution, and community involvement. You can make the positive impact on the world you’ve been yearning for. All it takes is a little shift in your critical thinking and Think Opposite is the guide to help take you and your business to new heights, while keeping your mission front and center.

Nomenclature for Hazard and Risk Assessment in the Process Industries

Nomenclature for Hazard and Risk Assessment in the Process Industries
  • Author : David A. Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :43
  • ISBN : 085295297X
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Summary :

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
  • Author : Frank Lees
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-25
  • Total pages :3680
  • ISBN : 9780080489339
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Summary : Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions

Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions
  • Author : Marc J. Assael,Konstantinos E. Kakosimos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-23
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 1439826765
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Summary : Today’s risk analysis is a very challenging field, and a solid understanding of the calculations procedure associated with it is essential for anyone involved. Fires, Explosions, and Toxic Gas Dispersions: Effects Calculation and Risk Analysis provides an overview of the methods used to assess the risk of fires, explosions, and toxic gas dispersion, and then deduce the subsequent effects and consequences of these events. The authors cover various aspects of such incidents, including the probability that an accident will occur, and how to calculate leaks, heat flux, overpressure, and the concentration of toxic clouds. The book follows by describing the consequences to people (injury or death) and material damages, and it concludes with a discussion of possible causes of destruction and common circumstances that can result in accidents. Some key features of this book include: Introduction of basic techniques of hazard identification, emphasizing "what if" and HAZOP analyses Step-by-step procedures for the calculation of fires (i.e., pool fire, jet fire, fire ball), explosions (VCE, BLEVE), and concentration of toxic clouds (light and heavy gases) Methods for determining probability of injuries or lethality Invaluable to professionals, researchers, and students whose work involves predicting the consequences of accidents, this book describes simple modern methods, which are a great aid for understanding the meaning of all the variables involved—in contrast to current complicated computer packages, which produce only results. Filling the existing gap in useful literature on risk analysis, this book follows a logical structure and presents straightforward, step-by-step calculation procedures and numerous examples that will be valuable in both teaching and learning the content.

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World

Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World
  • Author : Stein Haugen,Anne Barros,Coen van Gulijk,Trond Kongsvik,Jan Erik Vinnem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-15
  • Total pages :3202
  • ISBN : 9781351174657
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Summary : Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World collects the papers presented at the 28th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2018 in Trondheim, Norway, June 17-21, 2018. The contributions cover a wide range of methodologies and application areas for safety and reliability that contribute to safe societies in a changing world. These methodologies and applications include: - foundations of risk and reliability assessment and management - mathematical methods in reliability and safety - risk assessment - risk management - system reliability - uncertainty analysis - digitalization and big data - prognostics and system health management - occupational safety - accident and incident modeling - maintenance modeling and applications - simulation for safety and reliability analysis - dynamic risk and barrier management - organizational factors and safety culture - human factors and human reliability - resilience engineering - structural reliability - natural hazards - security - economic analysis in risk management Safety and Reliability – Safe Societies in a Changing World will be invaluable to academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors: offshore oil and gas, nuclear engineering, aeronautics and aerospace, marine transport and engineering, railways, road transport, automotive engineering, civil engineering, critical infrastructures, electrical and electronic engineering, energy production and distribution, environmental engineering, information technology and telecommunications, insurance and finance, manufacturing, marine transport, mechanical engineering, security and protection, and policy making.