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Drought Early Warning and Forecasting

Drought Early Warning and Forecasting
  • Author : Chris Funk,Shraddhanand Shukla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-03
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9780128140123
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Summary : Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early warning systems incorporate and integrate a broad array of environmental information sources: weather station observations, satellite imagery, land surface and crop model simulations, and weather and climate model forecasts, and analyze this information in context-relevant ways that take into account exposure and vulnerability. Drought Early Warning and Forecasting: Theory and Practice assembles a comprehensive overview of these components, providing examples drawn from the Famine Early Warning Systems Network and the United States Drought Monitor. This book simultaneously addresses the physical, social, and information management aspects of drought early warning, and informs readers about the tools, techniques, and conceptual models required to effectively identify, predict, and communicate potential drought-related disasters. This book is a key text for postgraduate scientists and graduate and advanced undergraduate students in hydrology, geography, earth sciences, meteorology, climatology, and environmental sciences programs. Professionals dealing with disaster management and drought forecasting will also find this book beneficial to their work. Describes and discusses the strategies and components used in effective and integrated 21st century drought early warning systems Provides a one-stop-shop that describes in one book the observations, models, forecasts, indices, social context, and theory used in drought early warning Identifies the latest tools and approaches used to monitor and forecast drought, sources of predictive skill, and discusses the technical and theoretical details required to use these tools and approaches in a real-world setting

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction

Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction
  • Author : Jochen Zschau,Andreas N. Küppers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :834
  • ISBN : 9783642559037
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Summary : Written for a broad audience this book offers a comprehensive account of early warning systems for hydro meteorological disasters such as floods and storms, and for geological disasters such as earthquakes. One major theme is the increasingly important role in early warning systems played by the rapidly evolving fields of space and information technology. The authors, all experts in their respective fields, offer a comprehensive and in-depth insight into the current and future perspectives for early warning systems. The text is aimed at decision-makers in the political arena, scientists, engineers and those responsible for public communication and dissemination of warnings.

Applied Drought Modeling, Prediction, and Mitigation

Applied Drought Modeling, Prediction, and Mitigation
  • Author : Zekâi Şen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-03
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128024225
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Summary : Applied Drought Modelling, Prediction, and Mitigation provides a practical guide to new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions. The modeling procedures covered by the book include recent advancements in regional drought extent, coverage, intensity, and water deficit predictions, which are increasingly significant given current climate change impacts on water resources. Each modeling procedure is explained theoretically prior to the mathematical derivation, and includes book examples, exercises, and case studies that supplement the applied and practical material, thus making the approaches accessible and applicable to the reader. Presents new and recent methodologies for drought characterizations, change modeling, down-scaling, and future predictions Includes online modeling tools to help readers quickly solve drought related problems Presents methodologies, including drought features (duration, intensity, and magnitude) at any desired risk level Include case studies from arid and semi-arid regions

Congressional Record

Congressional Record
  • Author : United States. Congress
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32437123702439
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Summary :

Comprehensive Watershed Management and Planning

Comprehensive Watershed Management and Planning
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : PSU:000066754459
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Summary :

United States Code 2012 Edition Supplement V

United States Code 2012 Edition Supplement V
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Reducing Disaster: Early Warning Systems For Climate Change

Reducing Disaster: Early Warning Systems For Climate Change
  • Author : Ashbindu Singh,Zinta Zommers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-12
  • Total pages :387
  • ISBN : 9789401785983
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Summary : Around the world, extreme weather events are becoming increasingly "the new normal" and are expected to increase in the 21st century as a result of climate change. Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human lives and national economies. This book examines ways to protect people from hazards using early warning systems, and includes contributions from experts from four different continents representing 14 different universities, 8 government agencies and two UN agencies. Chapters detail critical components of early warning systems, ways to identify vulnerable communities, predict hazards and deliver information. Unique satellite images illustrate the transnational impact of disasters, while case studies provide detailed examples of warning systems. With contributors from the fields of economics, ethics, meteorology, geography and biology, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in disaster risk reduction or climate change.

Drought Early Warning System

Drought Early Warning System
  • Author : Muni Rathnam Pantula
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-20
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9781945497438
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Summary : This book encompasses the characterisation of meteorological drought by the newly invented index called “SPI – Standardised Precipitation index” approved by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in June 2011. It is a simple index with precipitation as the only parameter and can be computed for different scales (1-3-6-12-24 months) and compared across regions with different climatic zones. The author has depicted graphs with regard to trends, onset, end, magnitude with dates of occurrence of droughts over a period of 102 years with regard to rainfall and temperature with the aid of SPI and SPEI, for Anantapur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. To characterise the agricultural drought, climatological water balance was carried for a period of 30 years for the data. In this book a composite index called “Indian drought monitor” with ten indicators and indices has been developed for releasing drought information weekly considering and incorporating review from a group of climatologists, extension agents and others across the nation. This will lead the country economically forward.

Under the Weather

Under the Weather
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Climate, Ecosystems, Infectious Diseases, and Human Health
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-29
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780309072786
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Summary : Since the dawn of medical science, people have recognized connections between a change in the weather and the appearance of epidemic disease. With today's technology, some hope that it will be possible to build models for predicting the emergence and spread of many infectious diseases based on climate and weather forecasts. However, separating the effects of climate from other effects presents a tremendous scientific challenge. Can we use climate and weather forecasts to predict infectious disease outbreaks? Can the field of public health advance from "surveillance and response" to "prediction and prevention?" And perhaps the most important question of all: Can we predict how global warming will affect the emergence and transmission of infectious disease agents around the world? Under the Weather evaluates our current understanding of the linkages among climate, ecosystems, and infectious disease; it then goes a step further and outlines the research needed to improve our understanding of these linkages. The book also examines the potential for using climate forecasts and ecological observations to help predict infectious disease outbreaks, identifies the necessary components for an epidemic early warning system, and reviews lessons learned from the use of climate forecasts in other realms of human activity.

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe

Drought Forecasts and Warnings in Zimbabwe
  • Author : Jayne Stack
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :83
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105029145724
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Summary :

Early Warning Systems for Drought and Desertification

Early Warning Systems for Drought and Desertification
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :12
  • ISBN : WISC:89093743557
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Summary :

Flood Warning, Forecasting and Emergency Response

Flood Warning, Forecasting and Emergency Response
  • Author : Kevin Sene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-15
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9783540778530
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Summary : Recent flood events in Europe, the USA and elsewhere have shown the devastating impact that flooding can have on people and property. Flood warning and forecasting systems provide a well-established way to help to reduce the effects of flooding by allowing people to be evacuated from areas at risk, and for measures to be taken to reduce damage to property. With sufficient warning, temporary defences (sandbags, flood gates etc) can also be installed, and river control structures operated to mitigate the effects of flooding. Many countries and local authorities now operate some form of flood warning system, and the underlying technology requires knowledge across a range of technical areas, including rainfall and tidal detection systems, river and coastal flood forecasting models, flood warning dissemination systems, and emergency response procedures. This book provides a comprehensive account of the flood forecasting, warning and emergency response process, including techniques for predicting the development of flood events, and for issuing appropriate warnings. Related topics, such as telemetry and information systems, and flood warning economics, are also discussed. For perhaps the first time, this book brings together in a single volume the many strands of this interesting multidisciplinary topic, and will serve as a reference for researchers, policy makers and engineers. The material on meteorological, hydrological and coastal modelling and monitoring may also be of interest to a wider audience.

Hydrological Drought Forecasting in Africa at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales

Hydrological Drought Forecasting in Africa at Different Spatial and Temporal Scales
  • Author : Taylor & Francis Group
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-27
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1138373362
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Summary :

Hydrometeorology

Hydrometeorology
  • Author : Kevin Sene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-12
  • Total pages :355
  • ISBN : 904813403X
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Summary : This book describes recent developments in hydrometeorological forecasting techniques for a range of timescales, from short term to seasonal and longer terms. It conveniently brings together both meteorological and hydrological aspects in a single volume.

Drought and Water Crises

Drought and Water Crises
  • Author : Donald Wilhite,Roger S. Pulwarty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-25
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9781351967525
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Summary : Over the past decade there have been extraordinary advances towards drought risk reduction with the development of new water-conserving technologies, and new tools for planning, vulnerability and impact assessment, mitigation, and policy. Drought and Water Crises: Integrating Science, Management, and Policy, Second Edition comprehensively captures this evolving progress as it discusses drought management in the light of present risks, global climate change and public policy actions. This new edition emphasizes the paradigm shift from managing disasters to managing risk, reflecting the global emphasis that has evolved in recent years, a new focus that shines light on preparedness strategies and the tools and methods that are essential in drought risk reduction. The book provides additional relevant case studies that integrate this new approach and discusses examples applied in both developed and developing countries.

Drought, Risk Management, and Policy

Drought, Risk Management, and Policy
  • Author : Linda Courtenay Botterill,Geoff Cockfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-28
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9781439876299
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Summary : Australia and the United States face very similar challenges in dealing with drought. Both countries cover a range of biophysical conditions, both are federations that provide considerable responsibility to state governments for water and land management, and both face the challenges in balancing rural industry and urban development, especially in relation to the allocation of water. Yet there are critical differences in their approaches to drought science and policy. Drought, Risk Management, and Policy: Decision Making under Uncertainty explores the complex relationship between scientific research and decision making with respect to drought in Australia and the United States. Risk Management, not Crisis Management Drawing on the work of respected academic researchers and policy practitioners, the book discusses the issues associated with decision making under uncertainty and the perspectives, needs, and expectations of scientists, policy makers, and resource users. Starting from the position that drought is a risk to be managed, it considers the implications of the predicted impacts of future climate change. The book also examines the policy responses to these challenges and the role of scientific input into the policy process. Contributors look at drought risk management in action and how end users in the community incorporate drought science into their decision making. The book concludes with lessons learned about science, policy, and managing uncertainty. Get Insight into the Relationship between Science and Policy—and How to Turn That into More Effective Decision Making Throughout, the contributors identify possible reasons for differences in the use and application of drought sciences and approach to policy between the two countries, offering valuable insight into the relationship between scientific advice and the policy process. They also highlight the challenges faced at the science–policy interface. Crossing international borders and disciplinary boundaries, this timely collection tackles drought policy development as part of the broader discussion about climate change. Although the focus is on Australia and the United States, many of the lessons learned are relevant for any country dealing with drought.

Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices

Handbook of Drought Indicators and Indices
  • Author : Mark D. Svoboda,Brian A. Fuchs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9263111731
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Summary :

Drought and Drought Mitigation in Europe

Drought and Drought Mitigation in Europe
  • Author : Jürgen V. Vogt,Francesca Somma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789401594721
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Summary : Drought is one of the major natural hazards, resulting in significant economic, social, and environmental costs. In Europe, water shortage is an important problem in many regions. However, despite the increasing awareness of this hazard, there is no European drought policy and institutional frameworks to cope with drought situations are only weakly developed. This book is dedicated to furthering our understanding of the drought problem in Europe and to discussing policy and management options to mitigate its impacts. It covers aspects from the detection of water stress to the planning of mitigation strategies. The contributions are written by recognised experts in their field and represent a unique collection of papers on the topic. Audience: The book will be of benefit to scientists, managers, and politicians involved in problems related to water management, risk assessment, and spatial planning. Students in Earth Sciences, especially in geography, climatology, hydrology, and agriculture, will find useful material in this collection of papers.

Flood Forecasting

Flood Forecasting
  • Author : Thomas E Adams,Thomas C. Pagano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-04
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9780128018590
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Summary : Flood Forecasting: A Global Perspective describes flood forecast systems and operations as they currently exist at national and regional centers around the globe, focusing on the technical aspects of flood forecast systems. This book includes the details of data flow, what data is used, quality control, the hydrologic and hydraulic models used, and the unique problems of each country or system, such as glacial dam failures, ice jams, sparse data, and ephemeral streams and rivers. Each chapter describes the system, including details about its strengths and weaknesses, and covers lessons learned. This helpful resource facilitates sharing knowledge that will lead to improvements of existing systems and provides a valuable reference to those wishing to develop new forecast systems by drawing on best practices. Covers global systems allowing readers to see a worldwide perspective with different approaches used by existing flood forecast systems Provides historical coverage allowing readers to understand why forecast systems have developed as they have and to see how specific systems have dealt with common problems encountered Presents a vision of what appears to be the future of hydrologic forecasting and difficulties facing hydrologic forecasting Provides a helpful resource to facilitate improvements to existing systems based on a best practices approach

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought
  • Author : Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A. J. van Lanen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :579
  • ISBN : 0444516883
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Summary : The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Drought Network News

Drought Network News
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000046619068
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Summary :