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Durability of Composite Systems

Durability of Composite Systems
  • Author : Kenneth Reifsnider
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-02
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780128182611
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Summary : Durability of Composite Systems meets the challenge of defining these precepts and requirements, from first principles, to applications in a diverse selection of technical fields selected to form a corpus of concepts and methodologies that define the field of durability in composite material systems as a modern discipline. That discipline includes not only the classical rigor of mechanics, physics and chemistry, but also the critical elements of thermodynamics, data analytics, and statistical uncertainty quantification as well as other requirements of the modern subject. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the field, suited to both reference and instructional use. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and engineers and all those working in the design, analysis and manufacture of composite material systems. Makes essential direct and detailed connections to modern concepts and methodologies, such as machine learning, systems controls, sustainable and resilient systems, and additive manufacturing Provides a careful balance between theory and practice so that presentations of details of methodology and philosophy are always driven by a context of applications and examples Condenses selected information regarding the durability of composite materials in a wide spectrum of applications in the automotive, wind energy, civil engineering, medical devices, electrical systems, aerospace and nuclear fields

Durability Analysis of Structural Composite Systems

Durability Analysis of Structural Composite Systems
  • Author : Albert H. Cardon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-01-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9054106409
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Summary : Durability analysis can be defined as the prediction methodology of safe residual behaviour after a given life time under a complex mechanical loading history in combination with a program of environmental variations. This was, and is a central problem for the reliability of structural components whatever are the basic material systems. With composite systems, combination of different materials in interaction, an integrated material structure design becomes possible. If one of the phases is a polymer, the composite system has time dependent properties and as consequence durability analysis has to be performed taking into account the internal time factor in combination with strong influences from temperature changes and moisture diffusion. Insurance companies need information on durability and reliability in order to cover the risks, and in the event of failure lawyers have to arrive at an agreement om the responsibilites of the different actors involved in the constructiion. This book is an overview of the state of the different aspects of safe structural integrity for a given lifetime of composite structures, with special emphasis on polymer matrix composites. It is of interest for scientists and engineers involved in composites and for designers of composite structural components.

Recent Developments in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems

Recent Developments in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems
  • Author : H. Dardon,H. Fukuda,K.L. Reifsnider,G. Verchery
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9058091031
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Summary : The papers from these proceedings address experimental and analytical methods for the characterization and analysis of modern composite and adhesive systems. They have been produced to provide understanding that can be used to design safe, reliable engineering components.

Durability of Polymer Based Composite Systems for Structural Applications

Durability of Polymer Based Composite Systems for Structural Applications
  • Author : VRIJE UNIV BRUSSELS (Belgium)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-01-31
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105030147677
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Summary : Advanced, high-performance composite materials are really material systems. The constituent materials interact in such a way that their collective response is more than the linear sum of the response of the constituents. This simple reality provides the technical community with a remarkable opportunity to create composite material systems which are uniquely suited to perform specific engineering tasks. At the same time, this systems aspect of composite materials is a very great challenge to the research community. In introduces complexity, nonlinearity, and scaling problems (to name a few) which require the development of new representations of material behavior, from the standpoint of mechanics, chemistry, and physics.

Durability Analysis of Composite Systems 2001

Durability Analysis of Composite Systems 2001
  • Author : Y. Miyano,A.H. Cardon,A.H. Reifsnider,H. Fukada,S. Ogihara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-17
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781000108071
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Summary : This proceedings covers the general problem related to the damage initiation and development, the failure criteria and the specific aspects related to fatigue, creep behaviour, moisture diffusion and the problem of the joining systems.

Progress in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems

Progress in Durability Analysis of Composite Systems
  • Author : K.L. Reifsnider
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :369
  • ISBN : 9054109602
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Summary : Composite material systems are the basis for much of the natural world around us and are rapidly becoming the basis for many modern engineering components. A controlling feature for the general use of such systems is their damage tolerance, durability and reliability. The present book is a comprehensive cross section of the state of the art in the field of the durability of polymer-based, composite, and adhesive systems. As such, it is of special value to researchers concerned with the frontier of the field, to students concerned with the substance of the subject, and to the applied community concerned with the finding methodologies that make it possible to design safe and durable engineering components using material systems.

Structural Integrity and Durability of Advanced Composites

Structural Integrity and Durability of Advanced Composites
  • Author : Peter Beaumont,Constantinos Soutis,Alma Hodzic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-19
  • Total pages :872
  • ISBN : 9780081001387
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Summary : Structural Integrity and Durability of Advanced Composites: Innovative Modelling Methods and Intelligent Design presents scientific and technological research from leading composite materials scientists and engineers that showcase the fundamental issues and practical problems that affect the development and exploitation of large composite structures. As predicting precisely where cracks may develop in materials under stress is an age old mystery in the design and building of large-scale engineering structures, the burden of testing to provide "fracture safe design" is imperative. Readers will learn to transfer key ideas from research and development to both the design engineer and end-user of composite materials. This comprehensive text provides the information users need to understand deformation and fracture phenomena resulting from impact, fatigue, creep, and stress corrosion cracking and how these phenomena can affect reliability, life expectancy, and the durability of structures. Presents scientific and technological research from leading composite materials scientists and engineers that showcase fundamental issues and practical problems Provides the information users need to understand deformation and fracture phenomena resulting from impact, fatigue, creep, and stress corrosion cracking Enables readers to transfer key ideas from research and development to both the design engineer and end-user of composite materials

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications
  • Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-25
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781845693565
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Summary : Given the increasing use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in structural civil engineering, there is a vital need for critical information related to the overall durability and performance of these new materials under harsh and changing conditions. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of FRP composites for designers and practising engineers. Part one discusses general aspects of composite durability. Chapters examine mechanisms of degradation such as moisture, aqueous solutions, UV radiation, temperature, fatigue and wear. Part two then discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures with FRP composites, and monitoring techniques such as structural health monitoring. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides practising engineers, decision makers and students with a useful and fundamental guide to the use of FRP composites within civil and structural engineering. Provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of composites Examines mechanisms of degradation such as aqueous solutions, moisture, fatigue and wear Discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures

Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites

Durability of Concrete and Cement Composites
  • Author : Chris L. Page,M M Page
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-30
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781845693398
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Summary : Whilst most structures made using concrete and cement-based composites have not shown signs of premature degradation, there have been notable exceptions. In addition, there is increasing pressure for new structures to remain in serviceable condition for long periods with only minimal maintenance before being recycled. All these factors have highlighted the issues of what affects the durability of these materials in different circumstances and how material properties can be measured and improved. Durability of concrete and cement composites summarises key research on these important topics. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews the pore structure and chemistry of cement-based materials, providing the foundation for understanding the particular aspects of degradation which are discussed in the following chapters. These include dimensional stability and cracking processes, chemical and microbiological degradation of concrete, corrosion of reinforcing and prestressing steels, deterioration associated with certain aggregates, effects of frost and problems involving fibre-reinforced and polymer-cement composites. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Durability of concrete and cement composites is a standard reference for all those concerned with improving the service life of structures using these materials. Analyses a range of materials such as reinforced steel in concrete, pre-stressed concrete and cement composites Discusses key degradation phenomena such as cracking processes and the impact of cold weather conditions A standard reference for those concerned with improving the service life of structures using concrete and cement based composites

Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites

Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites
  • Author : Kishore V. Pochiraju,Gyaneshwar P. Tandon,Gregory A. Schoeppner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-25
  • Total pages :677
  • ISBN : 1441993088
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Summary : Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites presents a comprehensive knowledge-set of matrix, fiber and interphase behavior under long-term aging conditions, theoretical modeling and experimental methods. This book covers long-term constituent behavior, predictive methodologies, experimental validation and design practice. Readers will also find a discussion of various applications, including aging air craft structures, aging civil infrastructure, in addition to engines and high temperature applications.

Freeze-thaw Durability of Composite Materials

Freeze-thaw Durability of Composite Materials
  • Author : José Pantaleon Gomez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :9
  • ISBN : UCBK:C101055571
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Summary : Composite materials, produced from polymer resins and high strength fibers, have the potential to be widely used in construction because of their corrosion resistance and high strength-to-weight ratio, However, such environmental factors as extreme temperature fluctuation and water absorption adversely affect the material properties of composite materials produced from polymers. Cycles of freezing and thawing temperatures magnify the effects of water absorption. For use in highway structures, composite materials must be as durable as steel and concrete. Therefore, the behavior of composite materials subjected to cycles of freezing and thawing needs to be characterized. Two commercially available composite systems, both reinforced with fiberglass and produced by the pultrusion process, were studied. One system was produced with isophthalic polyester, the other with vinyl ester. Coupons were cut from plate stock and placed in a solution of water and 2% sodium chloride and subjected to cycles of freezing and thawing. Periodically, coupons were removed and tested in flexure to failure. Flexural strength values at various numbers of freeze-thaw cycles were compared to the strengths of virgin coupons. Prior to destructive testing, coupons were tested to determine the dynamic modulus of elasticity. Dynamic modulus values at various numbers of freeze-thaw cycles were compared to virgin values. Results indicate a significant loss of flexural strength (20% 30%), rigidity, and toughness after 300 cycles. Data from dynamic modulus measurements when compared to modulus of elasticity calculations taken from load-deflection data, may not be an appropriate measure of durability for composites.

Durability of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Construction

Durability of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Construction
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :706
  • ISBN : PSU:000059702344
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Summary :

Damage Tolerance and Durability of Material Systems

Damage Tolerance and Durability of Material Systems
  • Author : Kenneth L. Reifsnider,Scott W. Case,Scott Case
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-04-24
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054407625
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Summary : A daring, original approach to understanding and predicting the mechanical behavior of materials "Damage is an abstraction . . . Strength is an observable, an independent variable that can be measured, with clear and familiar engineering definitions." -from the Preface to Damage Tolerance and Durability of Material Systems Long-term behavior is one of the most challenging and important aspects of material engineering. There is a great need for a useful conceptual or operational framework for measuring long-term behavior. As much a revolution in philosophy as an engineering text, Damage Tolerance and Durability of Material Systems postulates a new mechanistic philosophy and methodology for predicting the remaining strength and life of engineering material. This philosophy associates the local physical changes in material states and stress states caused by time-variable applied environments with global properties and performance. There are three fundamental issues associated with the mechanical behavior of engineering materials and structures: their stiffness, strength, and life. Treating these issues from the standpoint of technical difficulty, time, and cost for characterization, and relationship to safety, reliability, liability, and economy, the authors explore such topics as: * Damage tolerance and failure modes * Factors that determine composite strength * Micromechanical models of composite stiffness and strength * Stiffness evolution * Strength evolution during damage accumulation * Non-uniform stress states * Lifetime prediction With a robust selection of example applications and case studies, this book takes a step toward the fulfillment of a vision of a future in which the prediction of physical properties from first principles will make possible the creation and application of new materials and material systems at a remarkable cost savings.

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications

Durability of Composites for Civil Structural Applications
  • Author : Vistasp M. Karbhari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1845690354
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Summary : Given the increasing use of fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites in structural civil engineering, there is a vital need for critical information related to the overall durability and performance of these new materials under harsh and changing conditions. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of FRP composites for designers and practising engineers. Part one discusses general aspects of composite durability. Chapters examine mechanisms of degradation such as moisture, aqueous solutions, UV radiation, temperature, fatigue and wear. Part two then discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures with FRP composites, and monitoring techniques such as structural health monitoring. Durability of composites for civil and structural applications provides practising engineers, decision makers and students with a useful and fundamental guide to the use of FRP composites within civil and structural engineering. Provides a thorough overview of key aspects of the durability of composites Examines mechanisms of degradation such as aqueous solutions, moisture, fatigue and wear Discusses ways of using FRP composites, including strengthening and rehabilitating existing structures

Fatigue in Composites

Fatigue in Composites
  • Author : Bryan Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-11-14
  • Total pages :742
  • ISBN : 185573608X
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Summary : Fiber composites, like metals, exhibit a form of degradation in service described as fatigue. Engineers must understand composite fatigue because it is a causative agent of design and structural failures. Engineers need to increase their knowledge of the mechanisms which result in degradation in order to predict the life of a composite under specified conditions and produce composites with greater durability. This book provides an extensive account of contemporary research on fatigue from a selection of internationally recognized researchers. Part one introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. The second part reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination, and damage accumulation. The next two sections cover the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior and detail physical, micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final parts offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers in aerospace, marine, and structural engineering.

Long-term Performance and Durability of Masonry Structures

Long-term Performance and Durability of Masonry Structures
  • Author : Bahman Ghiassi,Paulo B. Lourenco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-27
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780081021118
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Summary : Long-Term Performance and Durability of Masonry Structures: Degradation Mechanisms, Health Monitoring and Service Life Design focuses on the long-term performance of masonry and historical structures. The book covers a wide range of related topics, including degradation mechanisms in different masonry types, structural health monitoring techniques, and long-term performance and service life design approaches. Each chapter reflects recent findings and the state-of-the-art, providing practical guidelines. Key topics covered include the theoretical background, transport properties, testing and modeling, protective measures and standards and codes. The book's focus is on individual construction materials, the composite system and structural performance. Covers all issues related to durability, including degradation mechanisms, testing and design, monitoring and service life design Focuses on different masonry construction types Presents a ‘one-stop’ reference for advanced postgraduate courses that focuses on the durability of masonry and historical constructions

Composite Materials

Composite Materials
  • Author : S.M. Sapuan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780128026458
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Summary : Composite Materials: Concurrent Engineering Approach covers different aspects of concurrent engineering approaches in the development of composite products. It is an equally valuable reference for teachers, students, and industry sectors, including information and knowledge on concurrent engineering for composites that are gathered together in one comprehensive resource. Contains information that is specially designed for concurrent engineering studies Includes new topics on conceptual design in the context of concurrent engineering for composites Presents new topics on composite materials selection in the context of concurrent engineering for composites Written by an expert in both areas (concurrent engineering and composites) Provides information on ‘green’ composites

Wood-Polymer Composites

Wood-Polymer Composites
  • Author : K O Niska,M. Sain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781845694579
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Summary : Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Lightweight Ballistic Composites

Lightweight Ballistic Composites
  • Author : Ashok Bhatnagar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-30
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781845691554
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Summary : Ballistic composites need to be lightweight and durable as well as exhibiting high impact resistance and damage tolerance. This important book reviews these requirements, how the materials used for ballistic composites meet them and their range of applications. After an introductory chapter, Lightweight ballistic composites is split into two main sections. The first part of the book explores material requirements and testing. There are chapters on bullets and bullet fragments, material responses to ballistic impact, standards and specifications, modelling and test methods. Part Two reviews the range of materials used, production methods and applications. Topics discussed include high-performance ballistic fibres and ceramics, non-woven ballistic and prepreg composites, and their uses in body armour, vehicle and aircraft protection. This major book is the first of its kind to give a comprehensive review of the current use of lightweight ballistic composites in both military and law-enforcement applications. It is an invaluable reference for all those involved in personnel and vehicle protection in defence and police forces around the world. Reviews the current use of lightweight ballistic composites in both military and law-enforcement application An authoritative overview of the range of materials used, production methods and applications Explores material requirements and testing

Repair of Polymer Composites

Repair of Polymer Composites
  • Author : Andrew J. Jefferson,V. Arumugam,Hom Dhakal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-24
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9780081019092
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Summary : Repair of Polymer Composites: Methodology, Techniques, and Challenges discusses fundamental issues related to the repair of composites and their suitability in various industrial sectors, such as aerospace, automotive, marine and construction, etc. The repair of composites is complex and requires a thorough understanding of the various types of damage mechanisms in order to apply the appropriate NDT techniques. This book explores these issues in significant detail and presents systematic procedures and methods, thus serving as a useful reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic researchers, engineers and other professionals who are interested in this exciting field of research. Discusses fundamental issues related to the repair of composites and their suitability in various industrial sectors, including aerospace, automotive, marine and construction, etc. Provides comprehensive coverage, from the fundamental aspects, to real applications Serves as a useful reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic researchers, engineers and other professionals Presents different types of repair techniques by correlating different parameters and challenges

SPI/CI 52nd Annual Conference and Exposition 1997

SPI/CI 52nd Annual Conference and Exposition 1997
  • Author : Technomic,Spi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-27
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 1566765528
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Summary : This book is a collection of the marketing/technical/regulatory sessions of the Composites Institute's International Composites EXPO '97 held at Nashville, Tennessee on January 27-29, 1997.