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Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy

Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy
  • Author : Antonio Nicita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781351787529
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Summary : This title was first published in 2001. This wide-ranging and comprehensive collection investigates the background to environmental economic development over the last thirty years, and the political implications of new directions resulting from technological and cultural changes in environmental issues. It examines the application of economic analysis to environmental problems in the past and solutions to the current issues of water, soil, air, energy, waste and urban ecology, discussing the implications of political decisions, cultural changes and technological constraints. It will prove a stimulating resource for students, academics, researchers and policy-makers alike.

The Integrity Gap

The Integrity Gap
  • Author : Eugene Lee,Anthony Perl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0774809868
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Summary : This thoughtful collection exposes the gap between rhetoric and performance in Canada's response to environmental challenges. Canadians, despite their national penchant for environmental discussion, have fallen behind their G-8 peers in both domestic commitments and international actions. In a cogent examination of the issue, eight authors demonstrate how Canada's configuration of political and economic institutions has limited effective environmental policy. Canadian environmental institutions, the authors argue, have produced an integrity gap: the sustainability rhetoric adopted by policymakers fails to achieve concrete results. In an analysis that penetrates several policy domains and combines various disciplinary, sectoral, and geographic perspectives, the authors demonstrate how Canada fell from leader to laggard within the international environmental community.

Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy

Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy
  • Author : Antonio Nicita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781351787536
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Summary : This title was first published in 2001. This wide-ranging and comprehensive collection investigates the background to environmental economic development over the last thirty years, and the political implications of new directions resulting from technological and cultural changes in environmental issues. It examines the application of economic analysis to environmental problems in the past and solutions to the current issues of water, soil, air, energy, waste and urban ecology, discussing the implications of political decisions, cultural changes and technological constraints. It will prove a stimulating resource for students, academics, researchers and policy-makers alike.

Trading with the Environment

Trading with the Environment
  • Author : Thomas Andersson,Carl Folke,Stefan Nystrom
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-26
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9781317971900
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Summary : Should there be firmer restrictions on trade, with more policies aimed at protecting its environmental impacts, or would the environment benefit most from unrestricted free trade? Do importing countries have a responsibility only to their local ecosystems, or are they also responsible for environmental degradation caused by the production of traded goods in exporting countries? Trading the Environment examines both the dependence and the effects of international trade on the earth's life support systems and looks at ways in which trading regulations could be adapted to promote ecologically sustainable economic development. It addresses the issues from a fully integrated approach, focusing on the interrelations between ecosystems, economic development and trade. The authors provide a carefully constructed ecological and economic analysis of trade and the environment, examine the existing legal and institutional frameworks and set out 16 recommendations to achieve environment beneficial trade at both national and international levels. Trading with the environment was originally commissioned by the Swedish government and is already regarded thereon essential reference. It makes an excellent introduction as well as constructive analysis, both for students and for policy-makers and professional economics and other scientists working on the issues. Published in 1995

Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability

Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability
  • Author : Ramón López,Michael A. Toman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-29
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9780191538223
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Summary : Economic growth as we know it today cannot persist indefinitely if it entails continuous degradation of natural resources and the environment. While in a few countries around the world it appears that environmental degradation has been the result of rapid economic growth, in the vast majority of the developing countries the environment has been equally spoiled despite slow or even negative economic growth. This book provides new insights on the common roots of economic stagnation, poverty and environmental degradation which, unfortunately, generally reside in misguided government policies and priorities. By doing this, the volume seeks to provide a broader policy option framework than those found in conventional policy analyses, mainly dominated by the "Washington Consensus". It shows that a major omission of the conventional view is that governments tend to allocate government expenditures in a biased way favouring subsidies to the economic elites to the detriment of investments in public goods, including human capital, R&D, as well as the development of institutions (environmental and otherwise), which are vital for long run growth, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability.

Economics and Environmental Policy

Economics and Environmental Policy
  • Author : Thomas H. Tietenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105006020791
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Summary : Over the last two decades economic analysis has begun to offer increasingly sophisticated and useful insights about environmental problems. Recent innovations have enlarged the range of economic policy instruments and transformed the roles of the various implementation and enforcement institutions.

Environmental Governance

Environmental Governance
  • Author : Arild Vatn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-18
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781781007259
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Summary : In this innovative book, Arild Vatn presents an overview of the field of environmental governance, from its theoretical foundations, to the major issues and practical applications. While having an interdisciplinary orientation, the main theoretical basis is in institutional theory. The book spans issues from the global to the local level and puts environmental governance within the wider field of economic policy and development. This book is perfect for interdisciplinary masters programs in environmental studies, environmental policy and management, as well as being of value to practitioners in the field.

Capacity Building in National Environmental Policy

Capacity Building in National Environmental Policy
  • Author : Helmut Weidner,Martin Jänicke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9783662047941
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Summary : This book is the second collection of systematic case studies describing national environmental policies in 17 countries in terms of capacity building (see Appen dix). The OECD defines environmental capacity building as "a society's ability to identify and solve environmental problems. " While various institutions, including UNEP, FAO, World Bank and OECD, have hitherto used the terms environmental capacity and capacity building almost exclusively with reference to developing countries, we have extended the concepts to industrialized countries, as well. The first collection, edited by Martin Janicke, Helge Joergens (both Free University Berlin) and Helmut Weidner (Social Science Research Center Berlin), was pub lished in 1997 under the title "National Environmental Policies - A Comparative Study of Capacity-Building" (Berlin, etc. : Springer Verlag). It included 13 studies of countries. As in the first volume, chapter I presents the conceptual framework underlying the national case studies. It is a slightly shorter version of the corresponding chap ter in volume I. The design of all case studies in the two volumes is largely con gruent with this conceptual framework. Although the various sections of the stud ies do not always have identical titles and subtitles, the central elements of the capacity-building approach have been applied in all cases.

Globalization, Political Institutions and the Environment in Developing Countries

Globalization, Political Institutions and the Environment in Developing Countries
  • Author : Gabriele Spilker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :161
  • ISBN : 9780415638494
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Summary : Though industrialized countries are usually the ones indicted when environmental pollution is discussed, over the few last years the rate of emissions in developing countries has increased by a startling amount. The fallout from this increase is evidenced by the struggle of cities like Beijing to improve their air quality. Yet there also exist developing countries such as Thailand that have managed to limit their emissions to more tolerable levels, raising the question: why are some developing countries more willing or able to take care of their environment than others? In this volume, Gabriele Spilker proposes two factors for the differences in developing countries' environmental performance: integration into the international system and domestic political institutions. Focusing on developing countries generally but also closely examining important global powers such as China and India, Spilker employs a rigorous quantitative analysis to demonstrate the importance of considering various aspects of the international system, in order to draw more comprehensive conclusions about how globalization affects environmental performance. She asserts that democratic political institutions can shield developing countries from the negative consequences of either trade or foreign direct investment. But at the same time, developing countries, by avoiding demanding commitments, are more likely to use environmental treaties as a cover than as a real plan of action. Adding a new dimension to the existing body of research on environmental quality and commitment, Spilker convincingly demonstrates how international and domestic political factors interact to shape developing countries' ability and willingness to care for their natural environment.

Environmental Policy in the European Union

Environmental Policy in the European Union
  • Author : Andrew Jordan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 9781849771221
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Summary : This second and fully revised edition brings together some of the most influential work on the theory and practice of contemporary EU environmental policy. Comprising five comprehensive parts, it includes in-depth case studies of contemporary policy issues such as climate change, genetically modified organisms and trans-Atlantic relations, as well as an assessment of how well the EU is responding to new challenges such as enlargement, environmental policy integration and sustainability. The book's aim is to look forward and ask whether the EU is prepared or even able to respond to the 'new' governance challenges posed by the perceived need to use 'new' policy instruments and processes to 'mainstream' environmental thinking in all EU policy sectors.

Institutions, Transaction Costs, and Environmental Policy

Institutions, Transaction Costs, and Environmental Policy
  • Author : Ray Challen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :233
  • ISBN : 1781956421
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Summary : 'This is an excellent piece of work, applying the economic theory of property rights and transaction costs to the complex policy problems associated with water use in irrigation. Challen examines the determination of transaction costs and the way they interact with a realistic specification of property rights. He thereby avoids the two main defects found in much work in this area: first, the use of a simplistic division of property rights schemes, for example one based on polar categories of private property and common property, defined to mean open access, and second, a tendency to use the category of transaction costs as an unexamined "black box".' - John Quiggin, James Cook University, Australia 'A most encouraging trend in economics concerns the careful and non-teleological study of institutions. From an era in which institutions were completely ignored, through an era in which it was thought that institutions were mere constraints on otherwise beneficent behavior in markets, through an era in which it was thought that the purpose of institutions was to promote economic efficiency, we now seem to be firmly in an era in which it is understood that institutions are the very bedrock of economic and social interaction. The analysis of institutions will fall into incoherence if we insist on seeing them as teleological rather than as instrumental. Once there, we must still understand the purposes that different individuals and collectivities ascribe to particular institutional set ups. In this careful book Ray Challen offers clear conceptual guidance to the study of economic institutions. He also shows us how one can undertake the analysis of institutional choice. The problem setting is water resources in eastern Australia. The lessons are profoundly international, and the approach is refreshingly promising.' - Daniel W. Bromley, University of Wisconsin-Madison, US Conventional economic analysis of property rights in natural resources is too narrow and restrictive to allow for effective comparisons between alternative institutional structures. In this book, a conceptual framework is developed for the analysis of these structures with illustrative application to the allocation of water resources.

Institutions and the Environment

Institutions and the Environment
  • Author : Arild Vatn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781845425746
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Summary : Vatn has prepared a vast feast for his readers. Hopefully, this book will become one of the core textbooks both in institutional economics and in resource economics. As a political scientist, I can recommend it to social scientists more generally. I must confess, I enjoyed it all. Elinor Ostrom, 2009 Nobel Laureate, Land Economics Institutions and the Environment indeed serves as a first-rate starting point for students and researchers regardless of whether they are mainly interested in institutions in general or environmental governance and ecological economics in particular. Charlotta Söderberg, Environmental Politics This timely book is about institutions: how they develop, how they function and how they solve problems. . . This book exemplifies the fine institutionalist tradition of using knowledge to solve pressing problems; in fact, institutionalists will find little here to criticize. The scope of this book is wide: policy makers, government officials, institutionalists, environmentalists and the general public will all benefit from reading this book. . . Keep this book handy: you ll want to make frequent references as the global warming policy debate unfolds. Jack Reardon, Journal of Economic Issues Vatn s book addresses the urgent question of environmental policy and shows that an understanding of the role of institutions is vital in this area. It incorporates insights on institutions from both mainstream and heterodox traditions of thought. Magisterial and comprehensive, it is both a textbook and an inspiring, pioneering monograph. Geoffrey M. Hodgson, University of Hertfordshire, UK This is an excellent book, which can be read at different levels. . . I very much enjoyed reading this book and would recommend it to anyone interested in these issues. I feel it is likely to become one of the core text books on the topic. Neil Powe, Newcastle University, UK We have here an encompassing work of remarkable clarity and coherence demonstrating the enduring pertinence of classical institutional economics to the vexing issues of our time. While most of the illustrative examples come from the realm of environmental problems, the reach of this fine book goes far beyond this particular issue and informs how we ought to think about all aspects of public policy. Daniel W. Bromley, University of Wisconsin, Madison, US This is a superb book on institutional economics and environmental policy. Vatn has written the definitive exposition of the theory and policy approaches of modern institutional economics. It not only builds on the work of the best institutional economists, from Veblen to Bromley and Hodgson it also incorporates the extremely relevant and exciting research now being done in contemporary mainstream economics. With the demise of Walrasian economics and the current drive for the unification of the behavioral sciences, the time is ripe for institutional economics to once again become a dominant school of economic thought. Vatn s book shows the way. John Gowdy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, US This important text develops an institutional response to the core issues raised in public policy making and develops a distinct understanding of the role of institutions, not least in the study of environmental problems. It questions: how are conflicting interests shaped and taken into account in policy making? How should they be accounted for? What motivates the behaviour of firms and individuals, and how is it possible to change these motivations to produce the favoured common outcomes? The author addresses these questions by integrating elements from classical institutional economics, neoclassical economics, sociology and ecological economics. He argues that public policy in general, and environmental policy in particular, are best examined from an institutional perspective. In this way the author presents a distinct and consistent alternative to standard neoclassical economics for students and scholars who

The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy

The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy
  • Author : Robert Falkner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-26
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : 9781119250371
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Summary : The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy presents an authoritative and comprehensive overview of global policy on climate and the environment. It combines the strengths of an interdisciplinary team of experts from around the world to explore current debates and the latest thinking in the search for global environmental solutions. Explores the environmental challenges we currently face, and the concepts and approaches to solving these Questions the role of global actors, institutions and processes, and considers the links between global climate and environment policy, and that of the global economy Highlights the connections between social science research and global policy Brings together authoritative coverage of recent research by internationally-renowned experts from around the world, including from North America, Europe, and Asia Provides an essential resource guide for students and researchers from across a wide range of related disciplines – from politics and international relations, to environmental sciences and sociology – and for global policy practitioners

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Policy in China

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Policy in China
  • Author : Eva Sternfeld
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-12
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781317568001
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Summary : During the last few decades, China has accomplished unprecedented economic growth and has emerged as the second largest economy in the world. This ‘economic miracle’ has led hundreds of millions of people out of poverty, but has also come at a high cost. Environmental degradation and the impact of environmental pollution on health are nowadays issues of the greatest concern for the Chinese public and the government. The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Policy in China focuses on the environmental challenges of China’s rapidly growing economy and provides a comprehensive overview of the policies developed to address the environmental crisis. Leading international scholars and practitioners examine China’s environmental governance efforts from an interdisciplinary perspective. Divided into five parts, the handbook covers the following key issues: Part I: Development of Environmental Policy in China - Actors and Institutions Part II: Key issues and Strategies for Solution Part III: Policy Instruments and Enforcement Part IV: Related Policy Fields – Conflicts and Synergies Part V: China’s Environmental Policy in the International Context This comprehensive handbook will be an invaluable resource to students and scholars of environmental policy and politics, development studies, Chinese studies, geography and international relations.

Market- Based Instruments for Environmental Management

Market- Based Instruments for Environmental Management
  • Author : Mikael Skou Andersen,Rolf-Ulrich Sprenger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 178254383X
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Summary : "This volume brings together contributions from political scientists and environmental economists and will prove invaluable for academics, practitioners and policymakers interested in the experiences of countries where market-based instruments are well established."--BOOK JACKET.

The Global Environment: Institutions, Law, and Policy, 2nd Edition

The Global Environment: Institutions, Law, and Policy, 2nd Edition
  • Author : Regina S Axelrod,David Leonard Downie,Norman J Vig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105114279602
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Summary : A timely collection of essays that analyse key issues, institutions, laws, and policies for the protection of the global environment. The new edition of this popular text provides crucial historical background on the development of global environmental organisations and treaties, engaging discussions of current and critical global environmental agreements, and insights into national and international implementation of sustainable development principles. Drawing together a distinguished list of international contributors, the book includes six brand new chapters on such important topics as regime theory, climate change, hazardous chemical controls, perspectives of the developing world, and the European Union's and United States' international environmental policies. All other chapters have been thoroughly revised and updated. The book includes a useful chronology of global environmental policy and a list of acronyms to help students in critical reading, review and study.

Environmental Policy and Politics in the European Union

Environmental Policy and Politics in the European Union
  • Author : Tom Delreux,Sander Happaerts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-25
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781137581822
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Summary : State-of-the-art analysis of EU environmental policy and the political dynamics that shape it. By stressing its global context, it examines the historical developments, the institutions and actors involved in policy-making, as well as the content, drivers and effects of the policies in both the traditional and the 'new' environmental sub-domains.

Environmental and Energy Policy and the Economy

Environmental and Energy Policy and the Economy
  • Author : Matthew J. Kotchen,James H. Stock,Catherine D. Wolfram
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-22
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780226711201
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Summary : This volume presents six new papers on environmental/energy economics and policy. Robert Stavins evaluates carbon taxes versus a cap-and-trade mechanism for reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, arguing that specific design features of either instrument can be more consequential than the choice of instrument itself. Lucas Davis and James Sallee show that the exemption of electric vehicles from the gasoline tax is likely to be efficient as long as gasoline prices remain below social marginal costs, even though it results in lower tax revenue. Caroline Flammer analyzes the rapidly growing market for green bonds and highlights the importance of third-party certification to the financial and environmental performance of publically traded companies. Antonio Bento, Mark Jacobsen, Christopher Knittel, and Arthur van Benthem develop a general framework for evaluating the costs and benefits of fuel economy standards and use it to account for the differences between several recent studies of changes in these standards. Nicholas Muller estimates a measure of output in the U.S. economy over the last 60 years that accounts for air pollution damages, and shows that pollution effects are sizable, affect growth rates, and have diminished appreciably over time. Finally, Marc Hafstead and Roberton Williams illustrate methods of accounting for employment effects when evaluating the costs and benefits of environmental regulations.

Creating a Sustainable Economy

Creating a Sustainable Economy
  • Author : Gerardo Marletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780415610766
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Summary : This book is designed for those scholars, students, policy-makers – or just curious readers – who are looking for heterodox thinking on the issue of environmental economics and policy. Contributions to this book draw on multiple streams of institutional and evolutionary economics and help build an approach to environmental policy that radically diverges from mainstream prescriptions. No 'silver bullet' solutions emerge from the analyses. Even market-based tools – such as green taxes or tradable pollution permits – are bound to fail if they are not incorporated into an integrated, multi-dimensional and multi-actor policy for structural change.

Environmental Policy and Politics

Environmental Policy and Politics
  • Author : MR Michael E Kraft
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-06
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781315437040
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Summary : Covering global threats such as climate change, population growth, and loss of biodiversity, as well as national, state, and local problems of environmental pollution, energy use, and natural resource use and conservation, Environmental Policy and Politics provides a comprehensive overview of U.S. policymaking processes, the legislative and administrative settings for policy decisions, the role of interest groups and public opinion in environmental politics, and the public policies that result. It helps readers understand modern environmental policy and its implications, including the need for a comprehensive and integrated approach to problem-solving. New to the Seventh Edition Each chapter includes the latest information about environmental challenges and governmental responses to them, with extensive citation of sources and websites that allow students to find the most recent studies and reports. Each chapter covers key political and policy decisions through early 2017, including presidential appointments, budgetary decisions, major legislative initiatives, and congressional actions. Each chapter introduction includes new statements about learning objectives to facilitate student understanding of key concepts and their applications, arguments advanced over environmental challenges and policies, and the goals and methods of environmental policy analysis. Chapters compare decisions about major environmental, energy, and natural resource policies among the presidential administrations of George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump, to the extent possible. Each chapter's case studies have been changed or updated to include the latest developments and examples that should improve their appeal to students. These include controversies over the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines, the EPA's Clean Power Plan and new fuel economy standards, new policies on toxic chemicals, the role of environmental and energy policies in the 2016 elections, changes in the nation's reliance on energy resources, standards for evaluating environmental and resource policies, and the Paris Agreement on climate change. Summaries of scientific studies, government reports, and policy analyses have been updated throughout the text to reflect the most current research and information in the field. All chapters include revised discussion questions and new suggested readings. The writing and flow of material have been improved throughout to make the chapters more accessible and useful to students.

Environmental Policy in North America

Environmental Policy in North America
  • Author : Robert G. Healy,Debora VanNijnatten,Marcela López-Vallejo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781442601796
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Summary : This comprehensive analysis of key issues in North American environmental policy provides an overview of how the US, Mexico, and Canada differ in their environmental management approaches and capacity levels, and how these differences play into cross-border cooperation on environmental problems. The book offers insights into transboundary cooperation both before and after NAFTA, and presents a framework for making environmental interaction more effective in the future. The book is organized into two parts. The first, more general, section compares the national contexts for environmental management in each country--including economic conditions, sociocultural dynamics, and political decision-making frameworks-- and shows how these have led to variations in policy approaches and levels of capacity. The authors argue that effective environmental governance in North America depends on the ability of transboundary institutions to address and mediate these differences. The book's second section illustrates this argument, using four case studies of environmental management in North America: biodiversity and protected areas, air pollution (smog); greenhouse gas reduction, and genetically modified crops.