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Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes
  • Author : Andrzej Affek,Marek Degórski,Jacek Wolski,Jerzy Solon,Anna Kowalska,Ewa Roo-Zielinska,Bozenna Grabinska,Boguslawa Kruczkowska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780128161357
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Summary : Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes: Assessment and Mapping provides valuable guidance for anyone involved with ecosystem service potential monitoring, use and management—from landscape ecologists and environmental managers, to policymakers and environmental economists. The book highlights effective measurement tools for evaluating the overall potential of ecosystem services from multiple perspectives. Beginning with an introduction to ecosystem services and the theoretical assumptions and objectives associated with their assessment, the book goes on to outline interdisciplinary methods of evaluation and analysis that are fully supported and illustrated throughout using an insightful case study focused on Wigry National Park. A range of different spatial reference units are also discussed, followed by chapters on both analytical and synthetic approaches to identifying service supply potential. In addition, the use of services and the impact of these uses on the assessment of potential is included, along with a discussion of the future shape of ecosystem service assessment. Outlines a transdisciplinary, holistic approach to assessing the overall potential of ecosystems and landscapes to support different ecosystem services Proposes a range of direct, indirect, simple and complex measurement indicators for multifaceted estimation and mapping Presents tools and guidelines to help shape effective decision-making processes in nature conservation and environmental planning

Mapping Ecosystem Services

Mapping Ecosystem Services
  • Author : Benjamin Burkhard,Joachim Maes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-19
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9546428523
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Summary : "The new book Mapping Ecosystem Services provides a comprehensive collection of theories, methods and practical applications of ecosystem services (ES) mapping, for the first time bringing together valuable knowledge and techniques from leading international experts in the field." (www.eurekalert.org).

Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice

Landscape Ecology in Theory and Practice
  • Author : Monica G. Turner,Robert H. Gardner,Robert V. O'Neill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-08
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9780387216942
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Summary : An ideal text for students taking a course in landscape ecology. The book has been written by very well-known practitioners and pioneers in the new field of ecological analysis. Landscape ecology has emerged during the past two decades as a new and exciting level of ecological study. Environmental problems such as global climate change, land use change, habitat fragmentation and loss of biodiversity have required ecologists to expand their traditional spatial and temporal scales and the widespread availability of remote imagery, geographic information systems, and desk top computing has permitted the development of spatially explicit analyses. In this new text book this new field of landscape ecology is given the first fully integrated treatment suitable for the student. Throughout, the theoretical developments, modeling approaches and results, and empirical data are merged together, so as not to introduce barriers to the synthesis of the various approaches that constitute an effective ecological synthesis. The book also emphasizes selected topic areas in which landscape ecology has made the most contributions to our understanding of ecological processes, as well as identifying areas where its contributions have been limited. Each chapter features questions for discussion as well as recommended reading.

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Climate Research Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-08-30
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 9780309054492
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Summary : This volume reflects the current state of scientific knowledge about natural climate variability on decade-to-century time scales. It covers a wide range of relevant subjects, including the characteristics of the atmosphere and ocean environments as well as the methods used to describe and analyze them, such as proxy data and numerical models. They clearly demonstrate the range, persistence, and magnitude of climate variability as represented by many different indicators. Not only do natural climate variations have important socioeconomic effects, but they must be better understood before possible anthropogenic effects (from greenhouse gas emissions, for instance) can be evaluated. A topical essay introduces each of the disciplines represented, providing the nonscientist with a perspective on the field and linking the papers to the larger issues in climate research. In its conclusions section, the book evaluates progress in the different areas and makes recommendations for the direction and conduct of future climate research. This book, while consisting of technical papers, is also accessible to the interested layperson.

Cultural Landscapes and Land Use

Cultural Landscapes and Land Use
  • Author : Martin Dieterich,Jan van der Straaten
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-06-02
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9781402021046
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Summary : Cultural landscapes are created by people, and used by people, but still decidedly rich in biodiversity, and in harmony with nature. The landscapes of fairy tales, without dragons. Socio-economic complexity on top of biological diversity is the challenge nature conservation faces in the context of cultural landscape. This book is an attempt to approach this complexity and provide a theoretical background as well as guidelines and examples for hands-on solutions. It draws on inputs from scientists, administrators, independent consultants and politicians from Europe and the United States. With a particular emphasis on agriculture it attempts to merge disciplines such as philosophy, law, planning, economics and conservation biology toward a common goal: nature conservation and the preservation of biological diversity in landscapes under the pressure of human usage.

Principles and practice of forest landscape restoration : case studies from the drylands of Latin America

Principles and practice of forest landscape restoration : case studies from the drylands of Latin America
  • Author : Adrian C. Newton,Natalia Tejedor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :383
  • ISBN : 9782831713403
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Summary :

Snails

Snails
  • Author : Paul Davies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-15
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781782975946
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Summary : The remains of snails in ancient soils and sediments are one of the most important biological indicators of past landscapes, and have attracted study for well over a century. In spite of this, the only English-language textbook was published in 1972 and is long since out of print. Snails provides a comprehensive, up to date reference text on the use of snails as indicators of past environments in Quaternary landscape studies and archaeology. It considers the use of terrestrial and freshwater sub-fossil snail remains as indicators of Late Quaternary (c. last 15,000 years) environmental change and as indicators of past environments and human impacts on the landscape. The volume also demonstrates how an understanding of modern snail ecology can be used to enhance our interpretation of landscape archaeology, and provides a detailed contextual approach to the main types of deposits in which snail remains are found. Davies also puts forward an agenda for future research on the use of snails in archaeological and environmental reconstruction.

Modern Ecology

Modern Ecology
  • Author : G. Esser,D. Overdieck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-29
  • Total pages :874
  • ISBN : 9781483291253
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Summary : This book is based on many case studies in the broad area of ecological studies and is derived from numerous sources originating from several countries. The book begins with discussions on morphology, stand structure, competition, mass and water balance at the stand level of vegetation as well as mineral cycles. A section deals with disturbances and management of agricultural as well as semi-natural systems. With the input of several authors, zoologists, botanists and geographers, detail is given to the eutrophication and pollution in terrestrial ecosystems. Included as well are discussions on the carbon cycle as it relates to current climate change and modern methods of remote sensing and geographical modelling. The book concludes with a chapter on urban and landscape ecology. The main feature of this book is that it includes most methods and tasks of modern ecology using case studies and incorporating all levels of integration from single plants and animals to populations and ecosystems.

Landscape Modelling and Decision Support

Landscape Modelling and Decision Support
  • Author : Wilfried Mirschel,Vitaly V. Terleev,Karl-Otto Wenkel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-02
  • Total pages :593
  • ISBN : 9783030374211
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Summary : This book contributes to a deeper understanding of landscape and regional modelling in general, and its broad range of facets with respect to various landscape parameters. It presents model approaches for a number of ecological and socio-economic landscape indicators, and also describes spatial decision support systems (DSS), frameworks, and model-based tools, which are prerequisites for deriving sustainable decision and solution strategies for the protection of comprehensively functioning landscapes. While it mainly focuses on the latest research findings in regional modelling and DSS in Europe, it also highlights the work of scientists from Russia. The book is intended for landscape modellers, scientists from various fields of landscape research, university teaching staff, and experts in landscape planning and management, landscape conservation and landscape policy.

Australia's Biodiversity and Climate Change

Australia's Biodiversity and Climate Change
  • Author : Will Steffen,Andrew A. Burbidge,Lesley Hughes,Roger Kitching,David Lindenmayer,Warren Musgrave,Mark Stafford Smith,Patricia A. Werner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9780643096059
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Summary : This book provides a strategic assessment of the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity (primarily terrestrial) to climate change and suggests ways that policy and management can deal with the threats to biodiversity associated with climate change. It begins with a long-time perspective on the evolution of Australia’s biota—why Australia is so species-rich, why its biodiversity is unique, and why the conservation of this biodiversity is so important. It goes on to describe the two centuries of acute change since European settlement—the ultimate drivers of current changes in Australia’s biodiversity and the observed changes in diversity at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels. The discussion of climate change itself is organized around the global and the Australian scales, describing the climate changes that have already been observed over the last one to two centuries and outlining the range of projections for Australia for the rest of this century. The ways in which climate change is already affecting Australia’s biota and will potentially affect it in future are described in considerable detail. The book then focuses strongly on how to reduce the vulnerability of Australia’s biodiversity to climate change, beginning with a description of current management principles, and an analysis of the current set of conservation strategies and tools and the current policy and institutional landscape for biodiversity conservation. Building on a set of fundamental ecological principles, the focus then shifts to ways in which adaptive capacity can be enhanced—modified and new management approaches, innovative governance systems and a much larger resource base. Finally, a set of five key messages and policy directions pulls together the major conclusions arising from the assessment.

A Changing World

A Changing World
  • Author : Felix Kienast,Otto Wildi,Sucharita Ghosh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-16
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781402044366
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Summary : Modern landscape research uses a panoply of techniques to further our understanding of our changing world, including mathematics, statistics and advanced simulation techniques to combine empirical observations with known theories. This book identifies emerging fields and new challenges that are discussed within the framework of the ‘driving forces’ of Landscape Development. the book addresses all of the ‘hot topics’ in this important area of study and emphasizes major contemporary trends in these fields.

Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forests (N.F.), Proposed Land and Resource Management Plan 2003

Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forests (N.F.), Proposed Land and Resource Management Plan 2003
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NWU:35556035568971
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Summary :

Ecosystems of British Columbia

Ecosystems of British Columbia
  • Author : British Columbia. Ministry of Forests
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924084745995
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Summary : Descriptions, maps, illustrations and tables of British Columbia's biogeoclimatic zones, as well as an overview of how the biogeoclimatic zone system was developed.

An Assessment of Ecosystem Components in the Interior Columbia Basin and Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins

An Assessment of Ecosystem Components in the Interior Columbia Basin and Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :2066
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D02889100U
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Summary :

Atlas of Ecosystem Services

Atlas of Ecosystem Services
  • Author : Matthias Schröter,Aletta Bonn,Stefan Klotz,Ralf Seppelt,Cornelia Baessler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-31
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9783319962290
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Summary : This book aims to identify, present and discuss key driving forces and pressures on ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are the contributions that ecosystems provide to human well-being. The scope of this atlas is on identifying solutions and lessons to be applied across science, policy and practice. The atlas will address different components of ecosystem services, assess risks and vulnerabilities, and outline governance and management opportunities. The atlas will therefore attract a wide audience, both from policy and practice and from different scientific disciplines. The emphasis will be on ecosystems in Europe, as the available data on service provision is best developed for this region and recognizes the strengths of the contributing authors. Ecosystems of regions outside Europe will be covered where possible.

Climate Change Biology

Climate Change Biology
  • Author : Lee Hannah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-17
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9780127999234
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Summary : Climate Change Biology, 2e examines the evolving discipline of human-induced climate change and the resulting shifts in the distributions of species and the timing of biological events. The text focuses on understanding the impacts of human-induced climate change by drawing on multiple lines of evidence, including paleoecology, modeling, and current observation. This revised and updated second edition emphasizes impacts of human adaptation to climate change on nature and greater emphasis on natural processes and cycles and specific elements. With four new chapters, an increased emphasis on tools for critical thinking, and a new glossary and acronym appendix, Climate Change Biology, 2e is the ideal overview of this field. Expanded treatment of processes and cycles Additional exercises and elements to encourage independent and critical thinking Increased on-line supplements including mapping activities and suggested labs and classroom activities.

Landscape Ecology

Landscape Ecology
  • Author : Amjad Almusaed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-27
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9789535125136
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Summary : This book has been written to present major and efficient applications in landscape ecology, as well as to propose a solid action for this category of topics. The book aims to illustrate various treatment methods of the land-use models impact on landscape ecology creation. The book is divided into three parts: Part I: Ecological interpretation of land-use act - in this part, ecosystem and land use turn out to be a significant factor in the process of creating an ecological landscape. Part II: Landscape district in applied ecological analysis - this part attempts to illustrate the best possible model of analysis integrated with landscape in practical case studies. Part III: The anthropogenic impacts on landscape creation - this part discusses the human impact on landscape creation.

Wildlife Demography

Wildlife Demography
  • Author : John R. Skalski,Kristin E. Ryding,Joshua Millspaugh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-20
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 0080455123
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Summary : Wildlife Demography compiles the multitude of available estimation techniques based on sex and age data, and presents these varying techniques in one organized, unified volume. Designed to guide researchers to the most appropriate estimator based upon their particular data set and the desired level of study precision, this book provides quantitative consideration, statistical models, estimator variance, assumptions and examples of use. The authors focus on estimation techniques using sex and age ratios because this data is relatively easy to collect and commonly used by wildlife management. Applicable to a wide array of wildlife species, including game and non-game birds and mammals Features more than 100 annotated examples illustrating application of statistical methods Includes more than 640 references of the analysis of nontagging data and the factors that may influence interpretation Derives historical and ad hoc demographic methods in a modern statistical framework

Ecological Management of Pine Forests

Ecological Management of Pine Forests
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-24
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 3038974250
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Summary : Natural pine forests characterize many landscapes preserved over time, either as a result of a specific forest management practice or a disturbance. In the event of a lack of management over a long period of time, these formations could evolve with increasingly chaotic structures towards other formations. This process can lead to landscape change, the spread of insects and pathogens, and the risk of fires and watercourse obstruction. Pine forest plantations should be considered as transient tree populations, destined to evolve into more complex and stable formations. However, sometimes they should be preserved for their cultural value. Careful management of these forests also takes into account the close relationship between forest and human settlements. As a first step, ecological management assumes the definition of these two macro types. These approaches include the application of integrated methods for determining the reference conditions of the main functional and structural ecosystem components of forests. The reference conditions are the historical (or natural) variability range of ecological structures and processes, reflecting the recent evolution and dynamic interaction of biotic and abiotic conditions and patterns of disturbance. These conditions form the basis for comparison with contemporary ecosystem processes and structures and are a frame of reference for designing ecological restoration treatments and conservation plans. The productive aspects must not be overlooked; rather, they have to be considered, planned, and managed with a perspective of sustainability and ecosystem functionality. This should be considered for a common approach to forest management, for a forest rehabilitation, and for forest restoration activities.

Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes

Patterns and Processes in Forest Landscapes
  • Author : Raffaele Lafortezza,Jiquan Chen,Giovanni Sanesi,Thomas R. Crow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-08-30
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9781402085048
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Summary : Increasing evidence suggests that the composition and spatial configuration – the pattern – of forest landscapes affect many ecological processes, including the movement and persistence of particular species, the susceptibility and spread of disturbances such as fires or pest outbreaks, and the redistribution of matter and nutrients. Understanding these issues is key to the successful management of complex, multifunctional forest landscapes, and landscape ecology, based on a foundation of island bio-geography and meta-population dynamic theories, provides the rationale to deal with this pattern-to-process interaction at different spatial and temporal scales. This carefully edited volume represents a stimulating addition to the international literature on landscape ecology and resource management. It provides key insights into some of the applicable landscape ecological theories that underlie forest management, with a specific focus on how forest management can benefit from landscape ecology, and how landscape ecology can be advanced by tackling challenging problems in forest (landscape) management. It also presents a series of case studies from Europe, Asia, North America, Africa and Australia exploring the issues of disturbance, diversity, management, and scale, and with a specific focus on how human intervention affects forest landscapes and, in turn, how landscapes influence humans and their culture. An important reference for advanced students and researchers in landscape ecology, conservation biology, forest ecology, natural resource management and ecology across multiple scales, the book will also appeal to researchers and practitioners in reserve design, ecological restoration, forest management, landscape planning and landscape architecture.

Landscapes on the Edge

Landscapes on the Edge
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Challenges and Opportunities in Earth Surface Processes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-25
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9780309140249
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Summary : During geologic spans of time, Earth's shifting tectonic plates, atmosphere, freezing water, thawing ice, flowing rivers, and evolving life have shaped Earth's surface features. The resulting hills, mountains, valleys, and plains shelter ecosystems that interact with all life and provide a record of Earth surface processes that extend back through Earth's history. Despite rapidly growing scientific knowledge of Earth surface interactions, and the increasing availability of new monitoring technologies, there is still little understanding of how these processes generate and degrade landscapes. Landscapes on the Edge identifies nine grand challenges in this emerging field of study and proposes four high-priority research initiatives. The book poses questions about how our planet's past can tell us about its future, how landscapes record climate and tectonics, and how Earth surface science can contribute to developing a sustainable living surface for future generations.