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Electricity Generation and the Environment

Electricity Generation and the Environment
  • Author : Paul Breeze
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-18
  • Total pages :108
  • ISBN : 9780128095140
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Summary : Electricity Generation and the Environment is a very concise, up-to-date, and accessible guide to the evolution of environmental awareness, what that environmental awareness has taught the industry, and how technologies can be used to test and improve power performance. There is a strong emphasis on the related social impacts and economic factors involved in the various methods of generating electricity which Breeze explores, making this a valuable and insightful read for those involved in the planning and delivery of energy, such as energy engineers, power generation planners, policy makers, managers, and academics. Explores various life-cycle assessments Covers fast-advancing renewable and alternative power sources such as hydropower and transportation Discusses various externalities which impact on the decisions to implement systems and technologies Evaluates the economic and environmental viability of each power generation system covered

The Power of Renewables

The Power of Renewables
  • Author : Chinese Academy of Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences,National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on U.S.-China Cooperation on Electricity from Renewable Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-29
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780309160001
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Summary : The United States and China are the world's top two energy consumers and, as of 2010, the two largest economies. Consequently, they have a decisive role to play in the world's clean energy future. Both countries are also motivated by related goals, namely diversified energy portfolios, job creation, energy security, and pollution reduction, making renewable energy development an important strategy with wide-ranging implications. Given the size of their energy markets, any substantial progress the two countries make in advancing use of renewable energy will provide global benefits, in terms of enhanced technological understanding, reduced costs through expanded deployment, and reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to conventional generation from fossil fuels. Within this context, the U.S. National Academies, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), reviewed renewable energy development and deployment in the two countries, to highlight prospects for collaboration across the research to deployment chain and to suggest strategies which would promote more rapid and economical attainment of renewable energy goals. Main findings and concerning renewable resource assessments, technology development, environmental impacts, market infrastructure, among others, are presented. Specific recommendations have been limited to those judged to be most likely to accelerate the pace of deployment, increase cost-competitiveness, or shape the future market for renewable energy. The recommendations presented here are also pragmatic and achievable.

Power Generation Technologies

Power Generation Technologies
  • Author : Paul Breeze
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-04
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0080480101
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Summary : This book makes intelligible the wide range of electricity generating technologies available today, as well as some closely allied technologies such as energy storage. The book opens by setting the many power generation technologies in the context of global energy consumption, the development of the electricity generation industry and the economics involved in this sector. A series of chapters are each devoted to assessing the environmental and economic impact of a single technology, including conventional technologies, nuclear and renewable (such as solar, wind and hydropower). The technologies are presented in an easily digestible form. Different power generation technologies have different greenhouse gas emissions and the link between greenhouse gases and global warming is a highly topical environmental and political issue. With developed nations worldwide looking to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, it is becoming increasingly important to explore the effectiveness of a mix of energy generation technologies. Power Generation Technologies gives a clear, unbiased review and comparison of the different types of power generation technologies available. In the light of the Kyoto protocol and OSPAR updates, Power Generation Technologies will provide an invaluable reference text for power generation planners, facility managers, consultants, policy makers and economists, as well as students and lecturers of related Engineering courses. · Provides a unique comparison of a wide range of power generation technologies - conventional, nuclear and renewable · Describes the workings and environmental impact of each technology · Evaluates the economic viability of each different power generation system

Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects

Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-27
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 0309134080
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Summary : The generation of electricity by wind energy has the potential to reduce environmental impacts caused by the use of fossil fuels. Although the use of wind energy to generate electricity is increasing rapidly in the United States, government guidance to help communities and developers evaluate and plan proposed wind-energy projects is lacking. Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects offers an analysis of the environmental benefits and drawbacks of wind energy, along with an evaluation guide to aid decision-making about projects. It includes a case study of the mid-Atlantic highlands, a mountainous area that spans parts of West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania. This book will inform policy makers at the federal, state, and local levels.

Introduction to Renewable Power Systems and the Environment with R

Introduction to Renewable Power Systems and the Environment with R
  • Author : Miguel F. Acevedo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-26
  • Total pages :439
  • ISBN : 9781315279602
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Summary : Introduction to Renewable Power Systems and the Environment with R showcases the fundamentals of electrical power systems while examining their relationships with the environment. To address the broad range of interrelated problems that come together when generating electricity, this reference guide ties together multiple engineering disciplines with applied sciences. The author merges chapters on thermodynamics, electricity, and environmental systems to make learning fluid and comfortable for students with different backgrounds. Additionally, this book provides users with the opportunity to execute computer examples and exercises that use the open source R system. Functions of the renpow R package have been described and used in this book in the context of specific examples. The author lays out a clear understanding of how electricity is produced around the world and focuses on the shift from carbon-based energy conversions to other forms including renewables. Each energy conversion system is approached both theoretically and practically to provide a comprehensive guide. Electrical circuits are introduced from the simplest circumstances of direct current (DC), progressing to more complex alternating current (AC) circuits, single phase and three-phase, and electromagnetic devices including generators and transformers. Thermodynamics are employed to understand heat engines and a variety of processes in electrochemical energy conversion, such as fuel cells. The book emphasizes the most prevalent renewable energy conversions in use today: hydroelectrical, wind, and solar. This book is an invaluable for students as a resource to help them understand those aspects of environment systems that motivate the development and utilization of renewable power systems technology.

Sustainable Power Generation

Sustainable Power Generation
  • Author : Nikolay Belyakov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-26
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9780128170120
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Summary : Sustainable Power Generation: Current Status, Future Challenges and Perspectives addresses emerging problems faced by the transition to sustainable electricity generation and combines perspectives of engineering and economics to provide a well-rounded overview. This book features an in-depth discussion of the main aspects of sustainable energy and the infrastructure of existing technologies. It goes on to evaluate natural resources that are sustainable and convenient forms of energy, and finishes with an investigation of the environmental effects of energy systems and power generating systems of the future. Other sections tackle fundamental topics such as thermal power, nuclear energy, bioenergy, hydropower, challenges and risks to sustainable options and emerging technologies that support global power trends. Sustainable Power Generation explores the future of sustainable electricity generation, highlighting topics such as energy justice, emerging competences, and major transitions that need to be navigated. This is an ideal reference for researchers, engineers, and other technical specialists working in the energy sector, as well as environmental specialists and policy makers. Provides a multidisciplinary, structured approach to electricity generation, focusing on the key areas of technology, business, project management and sustainability Includes analytics and discussions of sustainability metrics, underlying issues and challenges Presents business cases, offering a mix of academic depth and practicality on energy options

Electricity from Renewable Resources

Electricity from Renewable Resources
  • Author : National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,America's Energy Future Panel on Electricity from Renewable Resources
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-05
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9780309137089
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Summary : A component in the America's Energy Future study, Electricity from Renewable Resources examines the technical potential for electric power generation with alternative sources such as wind, solar-photovoltaic, geothermal, solar-thermal, hydroelectric, and other renewable sources. The book focuses on those renewable sources that show the most promise for initial commercial deployment within 10 years and will lead to a substantial impact on the U.S. energy system. A quantitative characterization of technologies, this book lays out expectations of costs, performance, and impacts, as well as barriers and research and development needs. In addition to a principal focus on renewable energy technologies for power generation, the book addresses the challenges of incorporating such technologies into the power grid, as well as potential improvements in the national electricity grid that could enable better and more extensive utilization of wind, solar-thermal, solar photovoltaics, and other renewable technologies.

Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control

Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control
  • Author : David A. Tillman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-10
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780128095003
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Summary : Coal-Fired Electricity and Emissions Control: Efficiency and Effectiveness discusses the relationship between efficiency and emissions management, providing methods for reducing emissions in newer and older plants as coal-fired powered plants are facing increasing new emission control standards. The book presents the environmental forces driving technology development for coal-fired electricity generation, then covers other topics, such as cyclone firing, supercritical boilers, fabric filter technology, acid gas control technology and clean coal technologies. The book relates efficiency and environmental considerations, particularly from a technology development perspective. Features time tested methods for achieving optimal emission control through efficiency for environmental protection, including reducing the carbon footprint Covers the regulations governing coal-fired electricity Highlights the development of the coal-fired technologies through regulatory change

Water, Energy, and Environment – A Primer

Water, Energy, and Environment – A Primer
  • Author : Allan R. Hoffman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-15
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781780409641
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Summary : 'We are experiencing the beginning of an energy revolution in these early years of the 21st century.' Water, Energy, and Environment - A Primer provides an introduction to, and explanation of, this revolution.

Power System Stability

Power System Stability
  • Author : Kenneth Eloghene Okedu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-10
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9781789857979
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Summary : The target readers for this book are academics and engineers working in universities, research institutes and industry sectors wishing to enhance their knowledge about power system stability. Readers of this book should gain technical ideas and special experience with detailed information about small signal stability, dynamics, modeling, power oscillations and electrical power infrastructures relating to power system stability. The contents of this book provide many solutions to problems that can be integrated into larger research findings and projects. The book addresses some power system stability studies such as an overview of power systems and stability criteria, applications of the trajectory sensitivity theory to small signal stability, power system small signal stability in grid connected smart park, power system dynamics and modeling. The book also describes some recent developments in power oscillations due to ferroresonance, sub synchronous resonance and effects of climate change in electric power infrastructures.

Stability Control and Reliable Performance of Wind Turbines

Stability Control and Reliable Performance of Wind Turbines
  • Author : Kenneth Eloghene Okedu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-10
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9781789841473
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Summary : This book is intended for academics and engineers working in universities, research institutes, and industry sectors wishing to acquire new information and enhance their knowledge of the current trends in wind turbine technology. Readers will gain new ideas and special experience with in-depth information about modeling, stability control, assessment, reliability, and future prospects of wind turbines. This book contains a number of problems and solutions that can be integrated into larger research findings and projects. The book enhances studies concerning the state of the art of wind turbines, modeling and intelligent control of wind turbines, power quality of wind turbines, robust controllers for wind turbines in cold weather, etc. The book also looks at recent developments in wind turbine supporting structures, noise reduction estimation methods, reliability and prospects of wind turbines, etc. As I enjoyed preparing this book, I am sure that it will be valuable for a large sector of readers.

World Energy Assessment

World Energy Assessment
  • Author : United Nations Development Programme
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : UOM:39015054163228
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Summary : The report discusses the linkages between energy and economic, social, environmental, and security issues, and analyses the contradictions between current patterns of use and objectives in these areas. The WEA also reviews energy resources and technology options from the point of view of sustainability including better end-use efficiency, greater reliance on renewable sources of energy, and next-generation nuclear and fossil-fuel technologies. Further, the report examines plausible scenarios for combining various options to achieve a sustainable and relatively prosperous future. The report concludes by examining policy options for producing and using energy in ways that are compatible with sustainable development.

Wind Energy Essentials

Wind Energy Essentials
  • Author : Richard P. Walker,Andrew Swift
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-22
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781118948422
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Summary : Examines the possible societal impacts of wind energyprojects and explains the potential issues faced when siting,constructing, and operating a wind energy project. This book begins with a history of wind power and the socialimpacts of both electricity and wind power from a historicalperspective, a discussion of basic electrical terms, and a primeron the conversion of power in the wind to electricity. Much of thesecond half of the book is devoted to comparing wind energy toother forms of electric generation, both renewable andnon-renewable sources. In order to have a true understanding of theimpact of wind energy on society, one also has to have a thoroughunderstanding of the impacts that other sources of electricgeneration have, such as fossil-fuelled plants or nuclear powerplants. The comparison of electric generation sources includes areview of how such sources are typically utilized within theelectric system, as well as the economic factors and environmentalconsiderations that affect which resources utilities or operatorsof electric grids have to take into account. The authors concludewith a discussion of energy policies in the U.S., individualstates, and foreign nations, how these policies influence the useof renewable energy, and what our future may hold in terms ofenergy supply and demand. Some highlights of this book are: Discussesthe wind energy impacts on the environment, local economy, electricutilities, individuals and communities Providesa visual explanation of wind energy principles through tables,graphs, maps, illustrations and photographs Offersa comprehensive overview of the issues associated with thecreation and use of wind energy Modelschapters around an existing university curriculum Spanning the broad range of environmental, financial, policy andother topics that define and determine the relationships betweenwind energy technology and our energy-dependent society, WindEnergy Essentials is a resource for students, universities, andthe entire wind energy industry.

Generating Electricity in a Carbon-Constrained World

Generating Electricity in a Carbon-Constrained World
  • Author : Fereidoon P. Sioshansi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-21
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0080889719
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Summary : The electric power sector is what keeps modern economies going, and historically, fossil fuels provided the bulk of the energy need to generate electricity, with coal a dominant player in many parts of the world. Now with growing concerns about global climate change, this historical dependence on fossil-fuels, especially those rich in carbon, are being questioned. Examining the implications of the industry's future in a carbon-constrained world, a distinct reality, is the subject of this book. Containing contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world, this book explores the various energy production options available to power companies in a carbon-constrained world. The three part treatment starts with a clear and rigorous exposition of the short term options including Clean Coal and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technology, Coal, and Emission trading. Renewable energy options such as Nuclear Energy, Wind power, Solar power, Hydro-electric, and Geothermal energy are clearly explained along with their trade-offs and uncertainties inherent in evaluating and choosing different energy options and provides a framework for assessing policy solutions. This is followed by self-contained chapters of case-studies from all over the world. Other topics discussed in the book are Creating markets for tradable permits in the emerging carbon era, Global Action on Climate Change, The Impossibility of Staunching World CO2 Emissions and Energy efficiency. Clearly explains short term and long term options Contributions from renowned scholars and academics from around the world Case-studies from all over the world

Advanced Power Generation Systems

Advanced Power Generation Systems
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Calin Zamfirescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-15
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9780123838612
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Summary : Advanced Power Generation Systems examines the full range of advanced multiple output thermodynamic cycles that can enable more sustainable and efficient power production from traditional methods, as well as driving the significant gains available from renewable sources. These advanced cycles can harness the by-products of one power generation effort, such as electricity production, to simultaneously create additional energy outputs, such as heat or refrigeration. Gas turbine-based, and industrial waste heat recovery-based combined, cogeneration, and trigeneration cycles are considered in depth, along with Syngas combustion engines, hybrid SOFC/gas turbine engines, and other thermodynamically efficient and environmentally conscious generation technologies. The uses of solar power, biomass, hydrogen, and fuel cells in advanced power generation are considered, within both hybrid and dedicated systems. The detailed energy and exergy analysis of each type of system provided by globally recognized author Dr. Ibrahim Dincer will inform effective and efficient design choices, while emphasizing the pivotal role of new methodologies and models for performance assessment of existing systems. This unique resource gathers information from thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, and energy system design to provide a single-source guide to solving practical power engineering problems. The only complete source of info on the whole array of multiple output thermodynamic cycles, covering all the design options for environmentally-conscious combined production of electric power, heat, and refrigeration Offers crucial instruction on realizing more efficiency in traditional power generation systems, and on implementing renewable technologies, including solar, hydrogen, fuel cells, and biomass Each cycle description clarified through schematic diagrams, and linked to sustainable development scenarios through detailed energy, exergy, and efficiency analyses Case studies and examples demonstrate how novel systems and performance assessment methods function in practice

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions

Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Can Ozgur Colpan,Onder Kizilkan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :1116
  • ISBN : 9780128137352
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Summary : This edited book looks at recent studies on interdisciplinary research related to exergy, energy, and the environment. This topic is of prime significance – there is a strong need for practical solutions through better design, analysis and assessment in order to achieve better efficiency, environment and sustainability. Exergetic, Energetic and Environmental Dimensions covers a number of topics ranging from thermodynamic optimization of energy systems, to the environmental impact assessment and clean energy, offering readers a comprehensive reference on analysis, modeling, development, experimental investigation, and improvement of many micro to macro systems and applications, ranging from basic to advanced categories. Its comprehensive content includes: Comprehensive coverage of development of systems considering exergy, energy, and environmental issues, along with the most up-to-date information in the area, plus recent developments New developments in the area of exergy, including recent debate involving the shaping of future directions and priorities for better environment, sustainable development and energy security Provides a number of illustrative examples, practical applications, and case studies Introduces recently developed technological and strategic solutions and engineering applications for professionals in the area Provides numerous engineering examples and applications on exergy Offers a variety of problems that foster critical thinking and skill development

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment

Power System Protection in Smart Grid Environment
  • Author : Ramesh Bansal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-02
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9780429686788
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Summary : With distributed generation interconnection power flow becoming bidirectional, culminating in network problems, smart grids aid in electricity generation, transmission, substations, distribution and consumption to achieve a system that is clean, safe (protected), secure, reliable, efficient, and sustainable. This book illustrates fault analysis, fuses, circuit breakers, instrument transformers, relay technology, transmission lines protection setting using DIGsILENT Power Factory. Intended audience is senior undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers in power systems, transmission and distribution, protection system broadly under electrical engineering.

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy
  • Author : Martin Kaltschmitt,Wolfgang Streicher,Andreas Wiese
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-03
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9783540709497
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Summary : The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today. Moreover, natural gas used for space heating and power provision as well as a transportation fuel has become increasingly important, as it is abundantly available and only requires low investments in terms of energy conversion facilities. As fossil energy carriers were increasingly used for energy generation, at least by the industrialised countries, the application of renewable energies decreased in absolute and relative terms; besides a few exceptions, renewable energies are of secondary importance with regard to overall energy generation.

Canadian Energy Policy and the Struggle for Sustainable Development

Canadian Energy Policy and the Struggle for Sustainable Development
  • Author : G. Bruce Doern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-01
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 080208561X
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Summary : In recent years, energy policy has been increasingly linked to concepts of sustainable development. In this timely collection, editor G. Bruce Doern presents an overview of Canadian energy policy, gathering together the top Canadian scholars in the field in an examination of the twenty-year period broadly benchmarked by energy liberalization and free trade in the mid-1980s, and by Canada's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in 2002. The contributors examine issues including electricity restructuring in the wake of the August 2003 blackout, the implications of the Bush Administration's energy policies, energy security, northern pipelines and Aboriginal energy issues, provincial changes in energy policy, and overall federal-provincial changes in regulatory governance. They also demonstrate that, since per capita energy usage has actually increased in the past several years, sustainable development remains very much a struggle rather than an achievement. When the Kyoto Protocol and its requirements for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are factored in, the Canadian record is especially dubious in basic energy terms. Canadian Energy Policy and the Struggle for Sustainable Development is key to understanding many of the issues in Canada's endeavour to live up to its energy-related environmental responsibilities.

Power System Energy Storage Technologies

Power System Energy Storage Technologies
  • Author : Paul Breeze
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-16
  • Total pages :100
  • ISBN : 9780128129036
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Summary : Power System Energy Storage Technologies provides a comprehensive analysis of the various technologies used to store electrical energy on both a small and large scale. Although expensive to implement, energy storage plants can offer significant benefits for the generation, distribution and use of electrical power. This is particularly important in renewable energy, which is intermittent in its supply. This book provides coverage of major technologies, such as sections on Pumped Storage Hydropower, Compressed-Air Energy Storage, Large Scale Batteries and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage, each of which is presented with discussions of their operation, performance, efficiency and the costs associated with implementation and management. Provides a description and analysis of various storage technologies, such as Pumped Storage Hydropower, Compressed-Air Energy Storage, Large Scale Batteries and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Breaks down each storage type and analyzes their operation, performance, efficiency and costs Considers how each energy storage plant benefits the generation distribution and use of electric power

Environmental Effects of Electricity Generation

Environmental Effects of Electricity Generation
  • Author : OECD,OECD Staff,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development,Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : UOM:39015009833230
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Summary :