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Advances in Microfluidics

Advances in Microfluidics
  • Author : Xiao-Ying Yu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9789535127857
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Summary : Increasing innovations and applications make microfluidics a versatile choice for researchers in many disciplines. This book consists of multiple review chapters that aim to cover recent advances and new applications of microfluidics in biology, electronics, energy, and materials sciences. It provides comprehensive views of various aspects of microfluidics ranging from fundamentals of fabrication, flow control, and droplet manipulation to the most recent exploration in emerging areas such as material synthesis, imaging and novel spectroscopy, and marriage with electronics. The chapters have many illustrations showcasing exciting results. This book should be useful for those who are eager to learn more about microfluidics as well as researchers who want to pick up new concepts and developments in this fast-growing field.

Labs on Chip

Labs on Chip
  • Author : Eugenio Iannone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :1178
  • ISBN : 9781466560734
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Summary : Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology provides a complete reference for the complex field of labs on chip in biotechnology. Merging three main areas— fluid dynamics, monolithic micro- and nanotechnology, and out-of-equilibrium biochemistry—this text integrates coverage of technology issues with strong theoretical explanations of design techniques. Analyzing each subject from basic principles to relevant applications, this book: Describes the biochemical elements required to work on labs on chip Discusses fabrication, microfluidic, and electronic and optical detection techniques Addresses planar technologies, polymer microfabrication, and process scalability to huge volumes Presents a global view of current lab-on-chip research and development Devotes an entire chapter to labs on chip for genetics Summarizing in one source the different technical competencies required, Labs on Chip: Principles, Design and Technology offers valuable guidance for the lab-on-chip design decision-making process, while exploring essential elements of labs on chip useful both to the professional who wants to approach a new field and to the specialist who wants to gain a broader perspective.

Lab-on-a-Chip Devices and Micro-Total Analysis Systems

Lab-on-a-Chip Devices and Micro-Total Analysis Systems
  • Author : Jaime Castillo-León,Winnie E. Svendsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-05
  • Total pages :243
  • ISBN : 9783319086873
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Summary : This book covers all the steps in order to fabricate a lab-on-a-chip device starting from the idea, the design, simulation, fabrication and final evaluation. Additionally, it includes basic theory on microfluidics essential to understand how fluids behave at such reduced scale. Examples of successful histories of lab-on-a-chip systems that made an impact in fields like biomedicine and life sciences are also provided. This book also: · Provides readers with a unique approach and toolset for lab-on-a-chip development in terms of materials, fabrication techniques, and components · Discusses novel materials and techniques, such as paper-based devices and synthesis of chemical compounds on-chip · Covers the four key aspects of development: basic theory, design, fabrication, and testing · Provides readers with a comprehensive list of the most important journals, blogs, forums, and conferences where microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip news, methods, techniques and challenges are presented and discussed, as well as a list of companies providing design and simulation support, components, and/or developing lab-on-a-chip and microfluidic devices.

Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices II

Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices II
  • Author : Dan Zhang,Bin Wei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-18
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9783319321806
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Summary : This book introduces the state-of-the-art technologies in mechatronics, robotics, and MEMS devices in order to improve their methodologies. It provides a follow-up to "Advanced Mechatronics and MEMS Devices" (2013) with an exploration of the most up-to-date technologies and their applications, shown through examples that give readers insights and lessons learned from actual projects. Researchers on mechatronics, robotics, and MEMS as well as graduate students in mechanical engineering will find chapters on: Fundamental design and working principles on MEMS accelerometers Innovative mobile technologies Force/tactile sensors development Control schemes for reconfigurable robotic systems Inertial microfluidics Piezoelectric force sensors and dynamic calibration techniques ...And more. Authors explore applications in the areas of agriculture, biomedicine, advanced manufacturing, and space. Micro-assembly for current and future industries is also considered, as well as the design and development of micro and intelligent manufacturing.

Plant Natural Products for Human Health

Plant Natural Products for Human Health
  • Author : Chun-Tao Che,Hongjie Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-21
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : 9783038977124
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Summary : Plants have served mankind as an important source of foods and medicines. While we all consume plants and their products for nutritional support, a majority of the world population also rely on botanical remedies to meet their health needs, either as their own “traditional medicine” or as “complementary and alternative medicine”. From a pharmaceutical point of view, many compounds obtained from plant sources have long been known to possess bio/pharmacological activities, and historically, plants have yielded many important drugs for human use, from morphine discovered in the early nineteenth century to the more recent paclitaxel and artemisinin. Today, we are witnessing a global resurgence in interest and use of plant-based therapies and botanical products, and natural products remain an important and viable source of lead compounds in many drug discovery programs. This Special Issue on “Plant Natural Products for Human Health” compiles a series of scientific reports to demonstrate the medicinal potentials of plant natural products. It covers a range of disease targets, such as diabetes, inflammation, cancer, neurological disease, cardiovascular disease, liver damage, bacterial, and fungus infection and malarial. These papers provide important insights into the current state of research on drug discovery and new techniques. It is hoped that this Special Issue will serve as a timely reference for researchers and scholars who are interested in the discovery of potentially useful molecules from plant sources for health-related applications.

The Microflow Cytometer

The Microflow Cytometer
  • Author : Frances S. Ligler,Jason S. Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-08
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9789814267687
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Summary : This book describes the continuing development of inexpensive, portable flow cytometers through incorporation of microfluidic technologies and small optical components. The underlying microfluidic theories essential for microflow cytometry isdiscussed in detail, as well as advances that are representative of the current state-of-the-art. Design and fabrication strategies for these innovative component technologies will be subsequently presented by numerous research groups leading the field. Integration of the components into functional prototype devices for analysis and manipulation of particles and cells are reviewed. Multiple currently available commercial systems are examined to highlight both strengths and areas for improvement.

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation

Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Nuclear and Radiation Studies Board,Committee on State of the Science of Nuclear Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-09-11
  • Total pages :173
  • ISBN : 0309134153
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Summary : Nearly 20 million nuclear medicine procedures are carried out each year in the United States alone to diagnose and treat cancers, cardiovascular disease, and certain neurological disorders. Many of the advancements in nuclear medicine have been the result of research investments made during the past 50 years where these procedures are now a routine part of clinical care. Although nuclear medicine plays an important role in biomedical research and disease management, its promise is only beginning to be realized. Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation highlights the exciting emerging opportunities in nuclear medicine, which include assessing the efficacy of new drugs in development, individualizing treatment to the patient, and understanding the biology of human diseases. Health care and pharmaceutical professionals will be most interested in this book's examination of the challenges the field faces and its recommendations for ways to reduce these impediments.

Microfluidics and Microfabrication

Microfluidics and Microfabrication
  • Author : Suman Chakraborty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-15
  • Total pages :357
  • ISBN : 9781441915436
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Summary : Microfluidics and Microfabrication discusses the interconnect between microfluidics, microfabrication and the life sciences. Specifically, this includes fundamental aspects of fluid mechanics in micro-scale and nano-scale confinements and microfabrication. Material is also presented discussing micro-textured engineered surfaces, high-performance AFM probe-based, micro-grooving processes, fabrication with metals and polymers in bio-micromanipulation and microfluidic applications. Editor Suman Chakraborty brings together leading minds in both fields who also: Cover the fundamentals of microfluidics in a manner accessible to multi-disciplinary researchers, with a balance of mathematical details and physical principles Discuss the explicit interconnection between microfluiodics and microfabrication from an application perspective Detail the amalgamation of microfluidics with logic circuits and applications in micro-electronics Microfluidics and Microfabrication is an ideal book for researchers, engineers and senior-level graduate students interested in learning more about the two fields.

Open-Channel Microfluidics

Open-Channel Microfluidics
  • Author : Jean Berthier,Ashleigh B Theberge,Erwin Berthier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-04
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9781643276649
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Summary : Open microfluidics, the study of microflows having a boundary with surrounding air, encompasses different aspects such as paper or thread-based microfluidics, droplet microfluidics and open-channel microfluidics. Open-channel microflow is a flow at the micro-scale, guided by solid structures, and having at least a free boundary (with air or vapor) other than the advancing meniscus. This book is devoted to the study of open-channel microfluidics which (contrary to paper or thread or droplet microfluidics) is still very sparsely documented, but bears many new applications in biology, biotechnology, medicine, material and space sciences. Capillarity being the principal force triggering an open microflow, the principles of capillarity are first recalled. The onset of open-channel microflow is next analyzed and the fundamental notion of generalized Cassie angle (the apparent contact angle which accounts for the presence of air) is presented. The theory of the dynamics of open-channel microflows is then developed, using the notion of averaged friction length which accounts for the presence of air along the boundaries of the flow domain. Different channel morphologies are studied and geometrical features such as valves and capillary pumps are examined. An introduction to two-phase open-channel microflows is also presented showing that immiscible plugs can be transported by an open-channel flow. Finally, a selection of interesting applications in the domains of space, materials, medicine and biology is presented, showing the potentialities of open-channel microfluidics.

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on Future Biotechnology Products and Opportunities to Enhance Capabilities of the Biotechnology Regulatory System
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-28
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9780309452052
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Summary : Between 1973 and 2016, the ways to manipulate DNA to endow new characteristics in an organism (that is, biotechnology) have advanced, enabling the development of products that were not previously possible. What will the likely future products of biotechnology be over the next 5â€"10 years? What scientific capabilities, tools, and/or expertise may be needed by the regulatory agencies to ensure they make efficient and sound evaluations of the likely future products of biotechnology? Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology analyzes the future landscape of biotechnology products and seeks to inform forthcoming policy making. This report identifies potential new risks and frameworks for risk assessment and areas in which the risks or lack of risks relating to the products of biotechnology are well understood.

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences

Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of the Life Sciences
  • Author : National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Policy and Global Affairs,Development, Security, and Cooperation,Committee on Advances in Technology and the Prevention of Their Application to Next Generation Biowarfare Threats
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-07
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 0309164753
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Summary : Biomedical advances have made it possible to identify and manipulate features of living organisms in useful ways--leading to improvements in public health, agriculture, and other areas. The globalization of scientific and technical expertise also means that many scientists and other individuals around the world are generating breakthroughs in the life sciences and related technologies. The risks posed by bioterrorism and the proliferation of biological weapons capabilities have increased concern about how the rapid advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology could enable the production of biological weapons with unique and unpredictable characteristics. Globalization, Biosecurity, and the Future of Life Sciences examines current trends and future objectives of research in public health, life sciences, and biomedical science that contain applications relevant to developments in biological weapons 5 to 10 years into the future and ways to anticipate, identify, and mitigate these dangers.

Microfluidic Devices for Biomedical Applications

Microfluidic Devices for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Xiujun James Li,Yu Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-31
  • Total pages :676
  • ISBN : 9780857097040
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Summary : Microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) is an important technology suitable for numerous applications from drug delivery to tissue engineering. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of microfluidic technologies for biomedical applications with chapters focussing on the materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies. Chapters in part two examine applications in drug discovery and controlled-delivery including micro needles. Part three considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering. The final part of the book covers the applications of microfluidic devices in diagnostic sensing, including genetic analysis, low-cost bioassays, viral detection, and radio chemical synthesis. Microfluidic devices for biomedical applications is an essential reference for medical device manufacturers, scientists and researchers concerned with microfluidics in the field of biomedical applications and life-science industries. Discusses the fundamentals of microfluidics or lab-on-a-chip (LOC) and explores in detail a wide range of medical applications Considers materials and methods for microfabrication, microfluidic actuation mechanisms and digital microfluidic technologies Considers applications of microfluidic devices in cellular analysis and manipulation, tissue engineering and their role in developing tissue scaffolds and stem cell engineering

Open Microfluidics

Open Microfluidics
  • Author : Jean Berthier,Kenneth A. Brakke,Erwin Berthier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-20
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781118720820
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Summary : Open microfluidics or open-surface is becoming fundamental in scientific domains such as biotechnology, biology and space. First, such systems and devices based on open microfluidics make use of capillary forces to move fluids, without any need for external energy. Second, the “openness” of the flow facilitates the accessibility to the liquid in biotechnology and biology, and reduces the weight in space applications. This book has been conceived to give the reader the fundamental basis of open microfluidics. It covers successively The theory of spontaneous capillary flow, with the general conditions for spontaneous capillary flow, and the dynamic aspects of such flows. The formation of capillary filaments which are associated to small contact angles and sharp grooves. The study of capillary flow in open rectangular, pseudo-rectangular and trapezoidal open microchannels. The dynamics of open capillary flows in grooves with a focus on capillary resistors. The case of very viscous liquids is analyzed. An analysis of suspended capillary flows: such flows move in suspended channels devoid of top cover and bottom plate. Their accessibility is reinforced, and such systems are becoming fundamental in biology. An analysis of “rails” microfluidics, which are flows that move in channels devoid of side walls. This geometry has the advantage to be compatible with capillary networks, which are now of great interest in biotechnology, for molecular detection for example. Paper-based microfluidics where liquids wick flat paper matrix. Applications concern bioassays such as point of care devices (POC). Thread-based microfluidics is a new domain of investigation. It is seeing presently many new developments in the domain of separation and filtration, and opens the way to smart bandages and tissue engineering. The book is intended to cover the theoretical aspects of open microfluidics, experimental approaches, and examples of application.

Microfluidic Diagnostics

Microfluidic Diagnostics
  • Author : Gareth Jenkins,Colin D. Mansfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-18
  • Total pages :525
  • ISBN : 1627031332
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Summary : Microfluidic techniques are becoming widely incorporated into medical diagnostic systems due to the inherent advantages of miniaturization. In Microfluidic Diagnostics: Methods in Molecular Biology, researchers in the field detail methods and protocols covering subjects such as microfluidic device fabrication, on-chip sample preparation, diagnostic applications and detection methodologies. The protocols described range from cutting-edge developments to established techniques and basic demonstrations suitable for education and training; from basic fabrication methods to commercializing research. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and key tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Microfluidic Diagnostics: Methods in Molecular Biology seeks to aid scientists in the further development and commercialization of microfluidic diagnostic technologies

Microscale Acoustofluidics

Microscale Acoustofluidics
  • Author : Thomas Laurell,Andreas Lenshof
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-08
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9781849737067
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Summary : The manipulation of cells and microparticles within microfluidic systems using external forces is valuable for many microscale analytical and bioanalytical applications. Acoustofluidics is the ultrasound-based external forcing of microparticles with microfluidic systems. It has gained much interest because it allows for the simple label-free separation of microparticles based on their mechanical properties without affecting the microparticles themselves. Microscale Acoustofluidics provides an introduction to the field providing the background to the fundamental physics including chapters on governing equations in microfluidics and perturbation theory and ultrasound resonances, acoustic radiation force on small particles, continuum mechanics for ultrasonic particle manipulation, and piezoelectricity and application to the excitation of acoustic fields for ultrasonic particle manipulation. The book also provides information on the design and characterization of ultrasonic particle manipulation devices as well as applications in acoustic trapping and immunoassays. Written by leading experts in the field, the book will appeal to postgraduate students and researchers interested in microfluidics and lab-on-a-chip applications.

Paper Based Sensors

Paper Based Sensors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-13
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9780444643469
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Summary : Paper Based Sensors, Volume 89, the latest release in this comprehensive series that gathers the most important issues relating to the design and application of these cost-effective devices used in many industries, including health and environment diagnostics, safety and security, chemistry, optics, electrochemistry, nanoscience and nanotechnologies, presents the latest updates in the field. Chapters in this new release include Exploring paper as a substrate for electrochemical micro-devices, Paper-based sensors for application in biological compound detection, Printed paper-based (bio)sensors: design, fabrication and applications, Paper-based electrochemical sensing devices, Multifarious aspects of electrochemical paper-based (bio)sensors, Paper Based Biosensors for Clinical and Biomedical Applications, and more. Provides updates on the latest design in paper-based sensors using various nano and micromaterials Includes optical/electrical-based detection modes integrated within paper-based platforms Covers applications of paper-based platforms in diagnostics and other industries

Introduction to Microfluidics

Introduction to Microfluidics
  • Author : Patrick Tabeling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-06
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780199588169
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Summary : Microfluidics is a young discipline which enables scientists and engineers to handle fluids in the biochips of the future.The book is an introduction to this discipline. It presents in simple terms the most important notions of the domain: how fluids move on the chip, conveying materials, molecules, electrical charges, and heat.

21st Century Technologies Promises and Perils of a Dynamic Future

21st Century Technologies Promises and Perils of a Dynamic Future
  • Author : OECD
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-09-25
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9789264163539
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Summary : This book reviews the extraordinary promise of technological advances over the next twenty years or so, and assesses some of the key issues -- economic, social, environmental, ethical -- that decision-makers in government, business and society will face in the decades ahead.

Microengineering in Biotechnology

Microengineering in Biotechnology
  • Author : Michael P. Hughes,Kai F. Hoettges
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-22
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 1588293815
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Summary : Microelectronic engineering has revolutionized electronics, providing new, faster and cheaper ways of doing things – and now the same technology is being applied to biotechnology and molecular biology. As sample volume is reduced, reaction speed and detector sensitivity are increased whilst sample and reagent requirements and device cost are reduced. Microelectronic engineering provides the potential for bench-top versions of large and expensive equipment such as flow cytometry, or novel ones that exploit physical phenomena on the micron scale, such as dielectrophoresis for cell analysis. In Microengineering in Biotechnology, experts in the field contribute chapters aimed at instilling in the reader a working understanding of the methods underlying microengineering and the means by which such methods can be used for a range of analytical techniques. It describes the methods by which microengineered devices can be built to perform a number of applications and considers how the field may progress by examining some more complex lab on a chip devices which have great potential in the advancement of the way in which molecular biology is performed. As a volume in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series, this work provides the kind of detailed description and implementation advice that is crucial for getting optimal results. Cutting-edge yet easy-to-use, Microengineering in Biotechnology serves as a reference guide for practical microengineering techniques and as a route into the development of new devices for biological applications in order to strengthen the promising union of molecular and cellular biology with microelectronics.

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems

Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems
  • Author : Christopher Bettinger,Jeffrey T Borenstein,Sarah L Tao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 9781437734607
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Summary : The fields of microfluidics and BioMEMS are significantly impacting cell biology research and applications through the application of engineering solutions to human disease and health problems. The dimensions of microfluidic channels are well suited to the physical scale of biological cells, and the many advantages of microfluidics make it an attractive platform for new techniques in biology. This new professional reference applies the techniques of microsystems to cell culture applications. The authors provide a thoroughly practical guide to the principles of microfluidic device design and operation and their application to cell culture techniques. The resulting book is crammed with strategies and techniques that can be immediately deployed in the lab. Equally, the insights into cell culture applications will provide those involved in traditional microfluidics and BioMEMS with an understanding of the specific demands and opportunities presented by biological applications. The goal is to guide new and interested researchers and technology developers to the important areas and state-of-the-practice strategies that will enhance the efficiency and value of their technologies, devices and biomedical products. Provides insights into the design and development of microfluidic systems with a specific focus on cell culture applications Focuses on strategies and techniques for the design and fabrication of microfluidic systems and devices for cell culture Provides balanced coverage of microsystems engineering and bioengineering

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy

Post Mortem Examination and Autopsy
  • Author : Kamil Hakan Dogan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-14
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9789535137924
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Summary : Forensic medicine explores the legal aspects of medicine, and medicolegal investigation of death is the most significant and crucial function of it. The nature of post mortem examinations are changing and the understanding of causes of death are evolving with the increase of knowledge, availability, and use of various analyses including genetic testing. Postmortem examination practice is turning into a more multidisciplinary approach for investigations, which are becoming more evidence based. Although there are numerous publications about forensic medicine and post mortem examination, this book aims to provide some basic information on post mortem examination and current developments in some important and special areas. It is considered that this book will be useful for forensic pathologists, clinicians, attorneys, law enforcement officers, and medical students.