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Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading

Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading
  • Author : Nabin Aryal,Lars Ditlev Morck Ottosen,Michael Vedel Wegener Kofoed,Deepak Pant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-15
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 0128228083
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Summary : Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading systematically summarizes the fundamental principles and the state-of-the-art of biogas cleaning and upgrading technologies, with special emphasis on biological processes for carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), siloxane, and hydrocarbon removal. After analyzing the global scenario of biogas production, upgrading and utilization, this book discusses the integration of methanation processes to power-to-gas systems for methane (CH4) production and physiochemical upgrading technologies, such as chemical absorption, water scrubbing, pressure swing adsorption and the use of membranes. It then explores more recent and sustainable upgrading technologies, such as photosynthetic processes using algae, hydrogen-mediated microbial techniques, electrochemical, bioelectrochemical, and cryogenic approaches. H2S removal with biofilters is also covered, as well as removal of siloxanes through polymerization, peroxidation, biological degradation and gas-liquid absorption. The authors also thoroughly consider issues of mass transfer limitation in biomethanation from waste gas, biogas upgrading and life cycle assessment of upgrading technologies, techno-economic aspects, challenges for upscaling, and future trends. Providing specific information on biogas upgrading technology, and focusing on the most recent developments, Emerging Technologies and Biological Systems for Biogas Upgrading is a unique resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the field of biogas production and utilization, including waste-to-energy and power-to-gas. It is also useful for entrepreneurs, consultants, and decision-makers in governmental agencies in the fields of sustainable energy, environmental protection, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, and strategic planning. Explores all major technologies for biogas upgrading through physiochemical, biological and electrochemical processes Discusses hydrogen sulfide and siloxane removal techniques Provides a systematical approach to discussed technologies, including challenges to gas-liquid mass transfer, lifecycle assessment, techno-economic implications, upscaling and systems integration

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals

Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals
  • Author : Ashok Pandey,Christian Larroche,Edgard Gnansounou,Samir Kumar Khanal,Claude-Gilles Dussap,Steven Ricke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-06
  • Total pages :886
  • ISBN : 9780128173114
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Summary : Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Biofuels: Alternative Feedstocks and Conversion Processes for the Production of Liquid and Gaseous Biofuels, Second Edition, provides general information, basic data and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—liquid and gaseous biofuels—and their production and application. The book delineates green technologies for abating environmental crisis and enabling the transformation into a sustainable future. It provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative technology on biofuels, as well as the process scale-up and commercialization of various liquid and gaseous biofuels, detailing the functional mechanisms involved, various operational configurations, influencing factors and integration strategies. All chapters have been updated, with new chapters covering topics of current interest, including sustainability and biohydrogen. Presents a holistic view of biofuels in research, operation, scale-up and application Widens the scope of the existing technologies, providing state-of-the-art information and knowledge Provides strategic integrations of various bioprocesses that are essential in establishing a circular biorefinery Contains interdisciplinary knowledge on the environment, molecular biology, engineering, biotechnology, microbiology and economic aspects Integrates various subjects, including biotechnology, bioengineering, molecular biology, environmental science, sustainability science and chemical engineering

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Evangelos P. Favvas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-18
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 9780128136461
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Summary : Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes: Carbon Dioxide Separation/Capture by Using Membranes explores the unique property of membranes to separate gases with different physical and chemical properties. The book covers both polymeric and inorganic materials for CO2 separation and explains their mechanism of action, allowing for the development and most appropriate and efficient processes. It also lists the advantages of using membranes instead of other separation techniques, i.e., their low operating costs and low energy consumption. This book offers a unique opportunity for scientists working in the field of membrane technology for CO2 separation and capture. Outlines numerous membrane-based technologies for CO2 separation and capture Lists new, advanced separation techniques and production processes Includes various applications, modelling, and the economic considerations of each process Covers advanced techniques for the separation of CO2 in natural gas

Membranes for Environmental Applications

Membranes for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Zhien Zhang,Wenxiang Zhang,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-29
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9783030339784
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Summary : This book introduces recent developments of membrane technologies applied to gas and water treatments, energy processes and environmental issues. Novel knowledge and mechanisms on membrane fabrication and usage in energy, chemical, and environmental engineering are detailed in 12 book chapters from France, UK, Spain, China, Nigeria, Iran and Pakistan. The information in this book will be useful for engineers, students, and experts in these fields.

Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology for Society, Energy and Environment

Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology for Society, Energy and Environment
  • Author : Rajesh Vanchipura,K.S. Jiji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-06
  • Total pages :1038
  • ISBN : 9781351124126
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Summary : The International Conference on Emerging Trends in Engineering, Science and Technology (ICETEST) was held at the Government Engineering College, Thrissur, Kerala, India, from 18th to 20th January 2018, with the theme, “Society, Energy and Environment”, covering related topics in the areas of Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electronics & Communication Engineering, Computer Science and Architecture. Conflict between energy and environment has been of global significance in recent years. Academic research needs to support the industry and society through socially and environmentally sustainable outcomes. ICETEST 2018 was organized with this specific objective. The conference provided a platform for researchers from different domains, to discuss and disseminate their findings. Outstanding speakers, faculties, and scholars from different parts of the world presented their research outcomes in modern technologies using sustainable technologies.

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems

Introduction to Materials for Advanced Energy Systems
  • Author : Colin Tong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-12
  • Total pages :911
  • ISBN : 9783319980027
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Summary : This first of its kind text enables today’s students to understand current and future energy challenges, to acquire skills for selecting and using materials and manufacturing processes in the design of energy systems, and to develop a cross-functional approach to materials, mechanics, electronics and processes of energy production. While taking economic and regulatory aspects into account, this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the range of materials used for advanced energy systems, including fossil, nuclear, solar, bio, wind, geothermal, ocean and hydropower, hydrogen, and nuclear, as well as thermal energy storage and electrochemical storage in fuel cells. A separate chapter is devoted to emerging energy harvesting systems. Integrated coverage includes the application of scientific and engineering principles to materials that enable different types of energy systems. Properties, performance, modeling, fabrication, characterization and application of structural, functional and hybrid materials are described for each energy system. Readers will appreciate the complex relationships among materials selection, optimizing design, and component operating conditions in each energy system. Research and development trends of novel emerging materials for future hybrid energy systems are also considered. Each chapter is basically a self-contained unit, easily enabling instructors to adapt the book for coursework. This textbook is suitable for students in science and engineering who seek to obtain a comprehensive understanding of different energy processes, and how materials enable energy harvesting, conversion, and storage. In setting forth the latest advances and new frontiers of research, the text also serves as a comprehensive reference on energy materials for experienced materials scientists, engineers, and physicists. Includes pedagogical features such as in-depth side bars, worked-out and end-of- chapter exercises, and many references to further reading Provides comprehensive coverage of materials-based solutions for major and emerging energy systems Brings together diverse subject matter by integrating theory with engaging insights

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on Developing a Research Agenda for Utilization of Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-22
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780309483360
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Summary : In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can be stored or put to use. While both carbon storage and carbon utilization have costs, utilization offers the opportunity to recover some of the cost and even generate economic value. While current carbon utilization projects operate at a relatively small scale, some estimates suggest the market for waste carbon-derived products could grow to hundreds of billions of dollars within a few decades, utilizing several thousand teragrams of waste carbon gases per year. Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams Utilization: Status and Research Needs assesses research and development needs relevant to understanding and improving the commercial viability of waste carbon utilization technologies and defines a research agenda to address key challenges. The report is intended to help inform decision making surrounding the development and deployment of waste carbon utilization technologies under a variety of circumstances, whether motivated by a goal to improve processes for making carbon-based products, to generate revenue, or to achieve environmental goals.

Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies

Advances in Natural Gas Emerging Technologies
  • Author : Hamid Al-Megren,Rashid Altamimi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-02
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9789535134336
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Summary : Natural gas has become the world's primary supply of energy in the last decades. It is naturally occurring from the decomposition of organic materials, over the past 150 million years ago, into hydrocarbons. It is considered one of the most useful energy sources and the fastest growing energy source in the world. This book presents state-of-the-art advances in natural gas emerging technologies. It contains ten chapters divided into three sections that cover natural gas technology, utilization, and alternative.

Advances in Biogas Desulfurization

Advances in Biogas Desulfurization
  • Author : Martín Ramírez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-12
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 9783039286607
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Summary : Global concern about climate change caused by the exploitation of fossil fuels is encouraging the use of renewable energies. For instance, the European Union aims to be climate neutral by 2050. Biogas is an interesting renewable energy source due to its high calorific value. Today, biogas is mainly used for the production of electricity and heat by a combined heat and power engine. However, before its valorization, biogas needs to be desulfurized (H2S removal) to avoid corrosion and sulfur oxides emissions during its combustion. Biogas can be upgraded (CO2 removal) and used as vehicle fuel or injected into the natural gas grid. In the last 15 years, significant advances have occurred in the development of biological desulfurization processes. In this book with five chapters, the reader can find some of the latest advances in the biogas desulfurization and an overview of the state-of-the-art research. Three of them are research studies and two are reviews concerning the current state of biogas desulfurization technologies, economic analysis of alternatives, and the microbial ecology in biofiltration units. Biogas desulfurization is considered to be essential by many stakeholders (biogas producers, suppliers of biogas upgrading devices, gas traders, researchers, etc.) all around the world.

The Biogas Handbook

The Biogas Handbook
  • Author : Arthur Wellinger,Jerry D Murphy,David Baxter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-19
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780857097415
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Summary : With pressure increasing to utilise wastes and residues effectively and sustainably, the production of biogas represents one of the most important routes towards reaching national and international renewable energy targets. The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications provides a comprehensive and systematic guide to the development and deployment of biogas supply chains and technology. Following a concise overview of biogas as an energy option, part one explores biomass resources and fundamental science and engineering of biogas production, including feedstock characterisation, storage and pre-treatment, and yield optimisation. Plant design, engineering, process optimisation and digestate utilisation are the focus of part two. Topics considered include the engineering and process control of biogas plants, methane emissions in biogas production, and biogas digestate quality, utilisation and land application. Finally, part three discusses international experience and best practice in biogas utilisation. Biogas cleaning and upgrading to biomethane, biomethane use as transport fuel and the generation of heat and power from biogas for stationery applications are all discussed. The book concludes with a review of market development and biomethane certification schemes. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, The biogas handbook: Science, production and applications is a practical reference to biogas technology for process engineers, manufacturers, industrial chemists and biochemists, scientists, researchers and academics working in this field. Provides a concise overview of biogas as an energy option Explores biomass resources for production Examines plant design and engineering and process optimisation

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts

Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts
  • Author : Majid Hosseini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-23
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9780128179383
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Summary : Advances in Feedstock Conversion Technologies for Alternative Fuels and Bioproducts: New Technologies, Challenges and Opportunities highlights the novel applications of, and new methodologies for, the advancement of biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production. The book addresses the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, along with the risk assessment of industrial scaling. The book also stresses the urgency in finding creative, efficient and sustainable solutions for environmentally conscious biofuels, while underlining pertinent technical, environmental, economic, regulatory and social issues. Users will find a basis for technology assessments, current research capability, progress, and advances, as well as the challenges associated with biofuels at an industrial scale, with insights towards forthcoming developments in the industry. Presents a thorough overview of new discoveries in biofuels research and the inherent challenges associated with scale-up Highlights the novel applications and advancements for biological, biochemical, thermochemical and chemical conversion systems that are required for biofuels production Evaluates risk management concerns, addressing the environmental impact of value added bio-products and agricultural modernization, and the risk assessment of industrial scaling

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment

From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment
  • Author : Gabriela Soreanu,Éric Dumont
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-03
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9780128190654
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Summary : From Biofiltration to Promising Options in Gaseous Fluxes Biotreatment: Recent Developments, New Trends, Advances, and Opportunities provides an overview on the biological tools used for the treatment of the gaseous fluxes, with emphasis on traditional and perspective options, opening new horizons for research and implementation in practice. It is known that air pollution is an emergent global issue and a priority within the international environmental programs. Moreover, technologies based on biological methods are significantly contributing to the sustainable development concept. Thus this book provides tools for solving air pollution issues in a sustainable manner. These issues can be solved at different levels (e.g., "end-of-pipe" gaseous streams, indoor/outdoor air, closed environments), which can be approached by the different biotechniques presented in the book, from classical biofiltration techniques (part 1) to phytotreatment and microalgae-based techniques (part 2). Although all options have their particularities that make them special for certain applications, a special attention is drawn to the potential of the last one, which offers multiple possibilities for biomass valorization. Scientists from worldwide with relevant experience in their field have been contributed to the development of this book. Presents the main biotechnological aspects applied for gas purification, focusing on process understanding, limitations, and capability in different applications Promotes a sustainable future of the biofiltration process by enhancing their performance together with the simultaneously economic and environmental impacts Implements new aspects of scientific research and development in the field

Anaerobic Phased Solids Digester Pilot Demonstration Project

Anaerobic Phased Solids Digester Pilot Demonstration Project
  • Author : Ruihong Zhang,Josh Rapport,University of California, Davis,Onsite Power Systems, Inc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822038879805
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Summary :

Bioenergy and Biofuels

Bioenergy and Biofuels
  • Author : Ozcan Konur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-02
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : 9781351230681
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Summary : This book aims to inform readers about the recent developments in bioenergy and biofuels covering current issues from an interdisciplinary approach. It will also feature coverage of anticipated future trends related to each particular biofuel. Chapters will consist of original research presented by world class experts in their respective fields. A number of interdisciplinary areas will be incorporated such as Energy & Fuels, Biotechology, Genomics, Economics, Optimization, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Algae Science. Examples will relate to a matrix of biofuel and energy types such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biomethane.

Anaerobic Digestion Model No.1 (ADM1)

Anaerobic Digestion Model No.1 (ADM1)
  • Author : IWA Task Group for Mathematical Modelling of Anaerobic Digestion Processes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-02-01
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 9781900222785
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Summary : The IWA Task Group for Mathematical Modelling of Anaerobic Digestion Processes was created with the aim to produce a generic model and common platform for dynamic simulations of a variety of anaerobic processes. This book presents the outcome of this undertaking and is the result of four years collaborative work by a number of international experts from various fields of anaerobic process technology. The purpose of this approach is to provide a unified basis for anaerobic digestion modelling. It is hoped this will promote increased application of modelling and simulation as a tool for research, design, operation and optimisation of anaerobic processes worldwide. This model was developed on the basis of the extensive but often disparate work in modelling and simulation of anaerobic digestion systems over the last twenty years. In developing ADM1, the Task Group have tried to establish common nomenclature, units and model structure, consistent with existing anaerobic modelling literature and the popular activated sludge models (See Activated Sludge Models ASM1, ASM2, ASM2d and ASM3, IWA Publishing, 2000, ISBN: 1900222248). As such, it is intended to promote widespread application of simulation from domestic (wastewater and sludge) treatment systems to specialised industrial applications. Outputs from the model include common process variables such gas flow and composition, pH, separate organic acids, and ammonium. The structure has been devised to encourage specific extensions or modifications where required, but still maintain a common platform. During development the model has been successfully tested on a range of systems from full-scale waste sludge digestion to laboratory-scale thermophilic high-rate UASB reactors. The model structure is presented in a readily applicable matrix format for implementation in many available differential equation solvers. It is expected that the model will be available as part of commercial wastewater simulation packages. ADM1 will be a valuable information source for practising engineers working in water treatment (both domestic and industrial) as well as academic researchers and students in Environmental Engineering and Science, Civil and Sanitary Engineering, Biotechnology, and Chemical and Process Engineering departments. Contents Introduction Nomenclature, State Variables and Expressions Biochemical Processes Physicochemical Processes Model Implementation in a Single Stage CSTR Suggested Biochemical Parameter Values, Sensitivity and Estimation Conclusions References Appendix A: Review of Parameters Appendix B: Supplementary Matrix Information Appendix C: Integration with the ASM Appendix D: Estimating Stoichiometric Coefficients for Fermentation Scientific & Technical Report No.13

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems

Greenhouse Gas Balances of Bioenergy Systems
  • Author : Patricia Thornley,Paul Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-07
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9780128094587
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Summary : Greenhouse Gases Balance of Bioenergy Systems covers every stage of a bioenergy system, from establishment to energy delivery, presenting a comprehensive, multidisciplinary overview of all the relevant issues and environmental risks. It also provides an understanding of how these can be practically managed to deliver sustainable greenhouse gas reductions. Its expert chapter authors present readers to the methods used to determine the greenhouse gas balance of bioenergy systems, the data required and the significance of the results obtained. It also provides in-depth discussion of key issues and uncertainties, such as soil, agriculture, forestry, fuel conversion and emissions formation. Finally, international case studies examine typical GHG reduction levels for different systems and highlight best practices for bioenergy GHG mitigation. For bringing together into one volume information from several different fields that was up until now scattered throughout many different sources, this book is ideal for researchers, graduate students and professionals coming into the bioenergy field, no matter their previous background. It will be particularly useful for bioenergy researchers seeking to calculate greenhouse gas balances for systems they are studying. I will also be an important resource for policy makers and energy analysts. Uses a multidisciplinary approach to synthesize the diverse information that is required to competently execute GHG balances for bioenergy systems Presents an in-depth understanding of the science underpinning key issues and uncertainty in GHG assessments of bioenergy systems Includes case studies that examine ways to maximize the GHG reductions delivered by different bioenergy systems

Anaerobic Digestion

Anaerobic Digestion
  • Author : Daniel J. Caruana,Amanda E. Olsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-01
  • Total pages :185
  • ISBN : 1613244207
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Summary : Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a biological process that happens naturally when bacteria breaks down organic matter in environments with little or no oxygen. It is effectively a controlled and enclosed version of the anaerobic breakdown of organic waste in landfills which release methane. In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the processes, products and application of anaerobic activity. Topics discussed include the anaerobic treatment of wastewater; a scientific review of the agronomic, environmental and social benefits of anaerobic digestion and the microbial aspects of anaerobic digestion for biogas production.

Microalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts

Microalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts
  • Author : Raul Muñoz,Cristina Gonzalez-Fernandez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-13
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780081010273
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Summary : Microalgae-Based Biofuels and Bioproducts: From Feedstock Cultivation to End Products compiles contributions from authors from different areas and backgrounds who explore the cultivation and utilization of microalgae biomass for sustainable fuels and chemicals. With a strong focus in emerging industrial and large scale applications, the book summarizes the new achievements in recent years in this field by critically evaluating developments in the field of algal biotechnology, whilst taking into account sustainability issues and techno-economic parameters. It includes information on microalgae cultivation, harvesting, and conversion processes for the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels, such as biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and biohydrogen. Microalgae biorefinery and biotechnology applications, including for pharmaceuticals, its use as food and feed, and value added bioproducts are also covered. This book’s comprehensive scope makes it an ideal reference for both early stage and consolidated researchers, engineers and graduate students in the algal field, especially in energy, chemical and environmental engineering, biotechnology, biology and agriculture. Presents the most current information on the uses and untapped potential of microalgae in the production of bio-based fuels and chemicals Critically reviews the state-of-the-art feedstock cultivation of biofuels and bioproducts mass production from microalgae, including intermediate stages, such as harvesting and extraction of specific compounds Includes topics in economics and sustainability of large-scale microalgae cultivation and conversion technologies

Biofuel Production Technologies: Critical Analysis for Sustainability

Biofuel Production Technologies: Critical Analysis for Sustainability
  • Author : Neha Srivastava,Manish Srivastava,P. K. Mishra,Vijai Kumar Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-23
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9789811386374
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Summary : Production and utilization of sustainable energy toward maintaining a clean environment is a major challenge. At the same time, the continued depletion of fossil fuels and the global dependency on non-renewable fuels is a chief concern. Moreover, the long-term economic and environmental issues associated with the high utilization of fossil fuel, such as global warming, are also important, particularly in the context of the predicted increase in the global population to around 5 billion by 2050. In recent years, researchers have been investigating alternative, renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Of the various options, biofuels are especially attractive due to their low production costs and the fact that they are pollution free. Also known as transportation fuels, their energy is derived from biological resources or through the biological processes. Biofuels such as biohydrogen, biomethane, biogas, ethanol and butanol offer a number of advantages and can be economically produced from cellulosic biomass. As such, they can play a vital role in sustainably meeting future energy demands. Biofuels have the potential to become a global primary energy source, offering significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions as well as opportunities to increase economic and social development in rural communities and reduce the problems associated with waste disposal. However, low yields and lack of process technology are some of the aspects that need to be addressed. This book offers an overview of existing biofuels and the technologies to solve the problems associated with their practical implementation. Evaluating the biofuel options and discussing the opportunities and risks in relation to resources, technologies, practices, markets and policy, it provides insights into the development of economically viable bioenergy industries.

Microalgae Cultivation for Biofuels Production

Microalgae Cultivation for Biofuels Production
  • Author : Abu Yousuf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-23
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128175378
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Summary : Microalgae Cultivation for Biofuels Production explores the technological opportunities and challenges involved in producing economically competitive algal-derived biofuel. The book discusses efficient methods for cultivation, improvement of harvesting and lipid extraction techniques, optimization of conversion/production processes of fuels and co-products, the integration of microalgae biorefineries to several industries, environmental resilience by microalgae, and a techno-economic and lifecycle analysis of the production chain to gain maximum benefits from microalgae biorefineries. Provides an overview of the whole production chain of microalgal biofuels and other bioproducts Presents an analysis of the economic and sustainability aspects of the production chain Examines the integration of microalgae biorefineries into several industries

Desalination and Water Treatment

Desalination and Water Treatment
  • Author : Murat Eyvaz,Ebubekir Yüksel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-19
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781789237580
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Summary : The need for fresh water is increasing with the rapid growth of the world's population. In countries and regions with available water resources, it is necessary to ensure the health and safety of the water supply. However, in countries and regions with limited freshwater resources, priority is given to water supply plans and projects, among which the desalination strategy stands out. In the desalination process, membrane and thermal processes are used to obtain fresh water from salty water that is in abundant amounts in the sea. This book will outline valuable scientific contributions to the new desalination and water treatment technologies to obtain high quality water with low negative environmental impacts and cost. The editors would like to record their sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.