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Energetic Nanomaterials

Energetic Nanomaterials
  • Author : Vladimir E Zarko,Alexander A. Gromov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-21
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780128027158
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Summary : Energetic Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Characterization, and Application provides researchers in academia and industry the most novel and meaningful knowledge on nanoenergetic materials, covering the fundamental chemical aspects from synthesis to application. This valuable resource fills the current gap in book publications on nanoenergetics, the energetic nanomaterials that are applied in explosives, gun and rocket propellants, and pyrotechnic devices, which are expected to yield improved properties, such as a lower vulnerability towards shock initiation, enhanced blast, and environmentally friendly replacements of currently used materials. The current lack of a systematic and easily available book in this field has resulted in an underestimation of the input of nanoenergetic materials to modern technologies. This book is an indispensable resource for researchers in academia, industry, and research institutes dealing with the production and characterization of energetic materials all over the world. Written by high-level experts in the field of nanoenergetics Covers the hot topic of energetic nanomaterials, including nanometals and their applications in nanoexplosives Fills a gap in energetic nanomaterials book publications

Al-based Energetic Nano Materials

Al-based Energetic Nano Materials
  • Author : Carole Rossi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-02
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781119007463
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Summary : Over the past two decades, the rapid development of nanochemistry and nanotechnology has allowed the synthesis of various materials and oxides in the form of nanopowders making it possible to produce new energetic compositions and nanomaterials. This book has a bottom-up structure, from nanomaterials synthesis to the application fields. Starting from aluminum nanoparticles synthesis for fuel application, it proposes a detailed state-of-the art of the different methods of preparation of aluminum-based reactive nanomaterials. It describes the techniques developed for their characterization and, when available, a description of the fundamental mechanisms responsible for their ignition and combustion. This book also presents the possibilities and limitations of different energetic nanomaterials and related structures as well as the analysis of their chemical and thermal properties. The whole is rounded off with a look at the performances of reactive materials in terms of heat of reaction and reactivity mainly characterized as the self-sustained combustion velocity. The book ends up with a description of current reactive nanomaterials applications underlying the promising integration of aluminum-based reactive nanomaterial into micro electromechanical systems.

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems

Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems
  • Author : Qi-Long Yan,Guo-Qiang He,Pei-Jin Liu,Michael Gozin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-16
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780128139097
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Summary : Nanomaterials in Rocket Propulsion Systems covers the fundamentals of nanomaterials and examines a wide range of innovative applications, presenting the current state-of-the-art in the field. Opening with a chapter on nano-sized energetic materials, the book examines metal nanoparticles-based fuels, ballistic modifiers, stabilizers and catalysts as the components of rocket propellants. Hydrogen storage materials for rocket propulsion based on nanotubes are then discussed, as are nano-porous materials and metal organic frameworks, nano-gelled propellants, nano-composite ablators and ceramic nano-composites. Other applications examined include high thermal conductivity metallic nano-composite nozzle liners, nano-emitters for Coulomb propulsion of space-crafts, and highly thermostable nano-ceramics for rocket motors. The book finishes with coverage of combustion of nano-sized rocket fuels, nano-particles and their combustion in micro- and nano-electromechanical systems (MEMS/NEMS), plasma propulsion and nano-scale physics. Users will find this to be a valuable resource for academic and government institutions, professionals, new researchers and graduate students working in the application of nanomaterials in the aerospace industry. Provides a detailed overview of different types of nanomaterials used in rocket propulsion, highlighting different situations in which different materials are used Demonstrates the use of new nanomaterial concepts, allowing for an increase in payload capacity or a decrease in launch mass Explores a range of applications using metal nanopowders, presenting a panorama on cutting-edge, technological developments

Physical and Chemical Characterization of Energetic Nano-materials Via Theoretical Modeling and Spectrochemical Analysis

Physical and Chemical Characterization of Energetic Nano-materials Via Theoretical Modeling and Spectrochemical Analysis
  • Author : Dibyendu Mukherjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P00787090S
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Summary :

Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Energetic/reactive Nanomaterials

Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Energetic/reactive Nanomaterials
  • Author : Ronald D. Armstrong,Ronald W.. Armstrong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058278808
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Summary : The advent of nanomaterials has introduced a new dimension in applications of energetic and reactive materials. A fundamental understanding of their synthesis mechanisms, atomic- and molecular-scale structural characteristics, and an evaluation of properties combined with modeling of the limits to those properties are required to realize the full potential of energetic and reactive nanomaterials. Many techniques have been recently developed that make it possible to exploit the benefits of the "nano" structure and design materials with desired energy release rates and energy densities, while they also improve their safety, reliability and load-bearing capability. Advances in modeling and characterization have made it possible to determine mechanisms controlling the thermal, chemical and mechanical behavior of nanomaterials. This volume brings together researchers from around the world to assess fundamental studies on synthesis, characterization of structure, and evaluation of properties of energetic/reactive nanomaterials. Applications such as new propellant formulations, underwater detonation developments, biomedical research, and combustion of nanolayered metal films for cladding materials are featured. Topics include: applications and toxicology; synthesis; characterization; characterization and theory; theory and modeling; and general discussion.

Al-based Energetic Nanomaterials

Al-based Energetic Nanomaterials
  • Author : Carole Rossi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1119007453
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Summary :

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems

Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean Energy Hydrogen Systems
  • Author : Bogdan Baranowski,Svetlana Zaginaichenko,Dmitry Schur,Valeriy Skorokhod,Ayfer Veziroglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-20
  • Total pages :910
  • ISBN : 9781402088971
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Summary : The 2007 ARW “Using Carbon Nanomaterials in Clean-Energy Hydrogen Systems” (UCNCEHS’2007) was held in September 22–28, 2007 in the remarkable town Sudak (Crimea, Ukraine) known for its heroic and unusual fate. In the tradition of the earlier conferences, UCNCEHS’2007 meeting served as an multidisciplinary forum for the presentation and discussion of the most recent research on transition to hydrogen-based energy systems, technologies for hydrogen production, storage, utilization, carbon nanomaterials processing and chemical behavior, energy and environmental problems. The aim of UCNCEHS’2007 was to provide the wide overview of the latest scientific results on basic research and technological applications of hydrogen interactions with carbon materials. The active representatives from research/academic organizations and governmental agencies could meet, discuss and present the most recent advances in hydrogen concepts, processes and systems, to evaluate current progress and to exchange academic information, to identify research needs and future development in this important area. This ARW should help further the progress of hydrogen-based science and promote the role of hydrogen and carbon nanomaterials in the energy field.

Nano-Energetic Materials

Nano-Energetic Materials
  • Author : Shantanu Bhattacharya,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,T. Rajagopalan,Vinay K. Patel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-09
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9789811332692
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Summary : This book presents the latest research on the area of nano-energetic materials, their synthesis, fabrication, patterning, application and integration with various MEMS systems and platforms. Keeping in mind the applications for this field in aerospace and defense sectors, the articles in this volume contain contributions by leading researchers in the field, who discuss the current challenges and future perspectives. This volume will be of use to researchers working on various applications of high-energy research.

Aerogels Handbook

Aerogels Handbook
  • Author : Michel Andre Aegerter,Nicholas Leventis,Matthias M. Koebel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-10
  • Total pages :932
  • ISBN : 1441975896
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Summary : Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries in Guinness World Records. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systems involving polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applications for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production and storage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recovery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The Aerogels Handbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels, including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and their possible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspects, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercial products, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: •Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field •Appeals to a broad audience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academic research and industrial R&D •Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels •Describes military, aerospace, building industry, household, environmental, energy, and biomedical applications among others

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials

Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of Carbon Nanomaterials
  • Author : T. Nejat Veziroglu,Svetlana Yu. Zaginaichenko,Dmitry V. Schur,Bogdan Baranowski,Anatoliy P. Shpak,Valeriy V. Skorokhod,Ayfer Kale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-16
  • Total pages :831
  • ISBN : 9781402055140
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Summary : This book considers the various advanced hydrogen materials and technologies of their synthesis. It presents the consideration of the physics, chemistry, thermodynamics and kinetics of processes of energy conversion, which occur at hydrogen production, storage, transportation and with its use. It also discusses the pioneering attempts to transform motor transport, airplanes, domestic technics, illumination and industrial manufacture of hydrogen fuel.

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge

Nanotechnology for the Energy Challenge
  • Author : Javier García-Martínez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-12
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 3527629300
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Summary : Unique in providing an overview of the subject on the scientific level, this book presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable energy production and its efficient storage. The broad scope ranges from nanomaterials for energy production, via fuel cells and nanostructured materials for fuel production, right up to supercapacitors and climate change. Edited by a rising star within the community, this is an invaluable work on a hot topic for materials scientists, solid state, surface and physical chemists, as well as those chemists working in industry and chemical engineers.

Multifunctional Energetic Materials

Multifunctional Energetic Materials
  • Author : N. N. Thadhani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062482552
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Summary :

Energetic Materials

Energetic Materials
  • Author : Mark J. Mezger,Kay J. Tindle,Michelle Pantoya,Lori J. Groven,Dilhan Kalyon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-06
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9781351681254
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Summary : This book will take an in-depth look at the technologies, processes, and capabilities to develop and produce "next generation" energetic materials for both commercial and defense applications, including military, mining operations, oil production and well perforation, and construction demolition. It will serve to highlight the critical technologies, latest developments, and the current capability gaps that serve as barriers to military fielding or transition to the commercial marketplace. It will also explain how the processing technologies can be spun out for use in other non-energetics related industries.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
  • Author : K.T. Ramesh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-12
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780387097831
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Summary : This book grew out of my desire to understand the mechanics of nanomaterials, and to be able to rationalize in my own mind the variety of topics on which the people around me were doing research at the time. The ?eld of nanomaterials has been growing rapidly since the early 1990s. I- tially, the ?eld was populated mostly by researchers working in the ?elds of synt- sis and processing. These scientists were able to make new materials much faster than the rest of us could develop ways of looking at them (or understanding them). However, a con?uence of interests and capabilities in the 1990s led to the exp- sive growth of papers in the characterization and modeling parts of the ?eld. That con?uence came from three primary directions: the rapid growth in our ability to make nanomaterials, a relatively newfound ability to characterize the nanomate- als at the appropriate length and time scales, and the rapid growth in our ability to model nanomaterials at atomistic and molecular scales. Simultaneously, the commercial potential of nanotechnology has become app- ent to most high-technology industries, as well as to some industries that are tra- tionally not viewed as high-technology (such as textiles). Much of the rapid growth came through the inventions of physicists and chemists who were able to develop nanotechnology products (nanomaterials) through a dizzying array of routes, and who began to interface directly with biological entities at the nanometer scale. That growth continues unabated.

Nanomaterials and Surface Engineering

Nanomaterials and Surface Engineering
  • Author : Jamal Takadoum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-01
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781118618615
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Summary : This book covers a wide range of topics that address the main areas of interest to scientists, engineers, and students concerned with the synthesis, characterization and applications of nanomaterials. Development techniques, properties, and examples of industrial applications are all widely represented as they apply to various nanostructured materials including nanocomposites and multilayered nanometric coatings. It is recommended to anyone working in the field of nanomaterials, especially in connection with the functionalization and engineering of surfaces.

Aerosol Routes to Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Its Application to Energetic Materials

Aerosol Routes to Synthesis of Nanoparticles and Its Application to Energetic Materials
  • Author : Anaand Prakash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P00861441O
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Summary :

Design and Applications of Nanomaterials for Sensors

Design and Applications of Nanomaterials for Sensors
  • Author : Jorge M. Seminario
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-08
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9789401788489
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Summary : Design and Applications of Nano materials for Sensors begins with an introductory contribution by the editors that: gives an overview of the present state of computational and theoretical methods for nanotechnology; outlines hot topics in this field and points to expected developments in the near future. This general introduction is followed by 15-30 review chapters by invited experts who have substantially contributed to the recent developments of nano materials for sensors. Guided by molecular and quantum theories, this contributed volume gives a broad picture of the current and past advances that were necessary to develop nano sensors using nano materials. To illustrate the important and relevant applications of nano materials, Design and Applications of Nano materials for Sensors focuses on recent advances that extend the scope of possible applications of the theory, improve the accuracy with respect to experimentation and reduce the cost of these calculations. This volume also features new applications of theoretical chemistry methods to problems of recent general interest in nanotechnology whereby large computational experiments are now necessary.

Application of Nanotechnology in Improving the Biofuel Generation

Application of Nanotechnology in Improving the Biofuel Generation
  • Author : Patrick Kimuyu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-30
  • Total pages :7
  • ISBN : 9783668693227
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Summary : Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject Chemistry - Bio-chemistry, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: For centuries, energy crisis has been a major challenge that has affected economic development in almost all nations around the globe. As a result, so as to meet the severity of this day-to-day requirement, different nations have shifted their focus towards alternative energy sources that contain diverse energetic potential, and have the ability of meeting the economic concerns among nations. Bioenergy is one of the main non-conventional resources of energy that is comprised of energy obtained from life forms (Malik, & Sangwan, 2012). High dependence on conventional sources of energy that have been directly or even indirectly obtained from fossil fuels, for example, petroleum and coal have demonstrated detrimental effects on the environment in different nations worldwide. Bioresources are eco-friendly because they are not created, are self-prevalent and everywhere, not to mention that they do not leave toxic end products after processing. Some of the major bioresources include biomass, carcasses, dead plants and cow-dung. However, there is limited biomass utilization in energetic application due to inadequate biochemical modification techniques that may facilitate profitability. Nanotechnology refers to a new dimension of material sciences that targets entities miniaturization so as to achieve improved performance through functionalities improvement. It is a dimension that is multidisciplinary in nature since it originates from diverse, overlapping natural sciences fields. It is a technology that has provided faster and reliable methods of optimizing energy generation from the bio-sources. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to explore the use of biomass and nanotechnology as alternative energy source.

Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage

Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage
  • Author : Kuan Yew Cheong,Giuliana Impellizzeri,Mariana Amorim Fraga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-09
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9780128137956
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Summary : Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage presents the state-of-art of emerging materials for energy conversion technologies (solar cells and fuel cells) and energy storage technologies (batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage). The book is organized into five primary sections, each with three chapters authored by worldwide experts in the fields of materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering. It covers the fundamentals, functionalities, challenges and prospects of different classes of emerging materials, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, oxides, carbon-based nanostructures, advanced ceramics, chalcogenide nanostructures, and flexible organic electronics nanomaterials. The book is an important reference for students and researchers (from academics, but also industry) interested in understanding the properties of emerging materials. Explores the fundamentals, challenges and prospects for the application of emerging materials in the development of energy conversion and storage devices Presents a discussion of solar cell and photovoltaic, fuel cell, battery electrode, supercapacitor and hydrogen storage applications Includes notable examples of energy devices based on emerging materials to illustrate recent advances in this field

Synthesis of New Nanomaterials and Applications in Biological Systems & Energy Production

Synthesis of New Nanomaterials and Applications in Biological Systems & Energy Production
  • Author : Yongquan Qu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : UCAL:X84614
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Summary :

Clusters and Nanomaterials

Clusters and Nanomaterials
  • Author : Y. Kawazoe,Kaoru Ohno,T. Kondow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 3540418059
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Summary : Synthesizing specific clusters as a component of useful nanostructures or controlling them as an assembly of nanocomposites is the ultimate aim. In order to understand how to synthesize individual clusters or to investigate its properties, a variety of first-principles and empirical calculations and related computer simulations have been performed alongside numerous experiments.