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Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-14
  • Total pages :818
  • ISBN : 0080982271
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Summary : Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Energy Optimization in Process Systems

Energy Optimization in Process Systems
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-06
  • Total pages :768
  • ISBN : 9780080914428
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Summary : Despite the vast research on energy optimization and process integration, there has to date been no synthesis linking these together. This book fills the gap, presenting optimization and integration in energy and process engineering. The content is based on the current literature and includes novel approaches developed by the authors. Various thermal and chemical systems (heat and mass exchangers, thermal and water networks, energy converters, recovery units, solar collectors, and separators) are considered. Thermodynamics, kinetics and economics are used to formulate and solve problems with constraints on process rates, equipment size, environmental parameters, and costs. Comprehensive coverage of dynamic optimization of energy conversion systems and separation units is provided along with suitable computational algorithms for deterministic and stochastic optimization approaches based on: nonlinear programming, dynamic programming, variational calculus, Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory, Pontryagin's maximum principles, and special methods of process integration. Integration of heat energy and process water within a total site is shown to be a significant factor reducing production costs, in particular costs of utilities for the chemical industry. This integration involves systematic design and optimization of heat exchangers and water networks (HEN and WN). After presenting basic, insight-based Pinch Technology, systematic, optimization-based sequential and simultaneous approaches to design HEN and WN are described. Special consideration is given to the HEN design problem targeting stage, in view of its importance at various levels of system design. Selected, advanced methods for HEN synthesis and retrofit are presented. For WN design a novel approach based on stochastic optimization is described that accounts for both grassroot and revamp design scenarios. Presents a unique synthesis of energy optimization and process integration that applies scientific information from thermodynamics, kinetics, and systems theory Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion and chemical transformation, in static and dynamic systems Clarifies how to identify thermal and chemical constraints and incorporate them into optimization models and solutions

Energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries

Energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries
  • Author : Frank (Xin X.) Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 1118782534
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Summary : Exploring methods and techniques to optimize processing energy efficiency in process plants, Energy and Process Optimization for the Process Industries provides a holistic approach that considers optimizing process conditions, changing process flowschemes, modifying equipment internals, and upgrading process technology that has already been used in a process plant with success. Field tested by numerous operating plants, the book describes technical solutions to reduce energy consumption leading to significant returns on capital and includes an 8-point Guidelines for Success. The book provides managers, chemical and mechanical engineers, and plant operators with methods and tools for continuous energy and process improvements.

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Process and Energy Systems
  • Author : F. Carl Knopf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-12-14
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 1118121147
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Summary : Energy costs impact the profitability of virtually all industrial processes. Stressing how plants use power, and how that power is actually generated, this book provides a clear and simple way to understand the energy usage in various processes, as well as methods for optimizing these processes using practical hands-on simulations and a unique approach that details solved problems utilizing actual plant data. Invaluable information offers a complete energy-saving approach essential for both the chemical and mechanical engineering curricula, as well as for practicing engineers.

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :1800
  • ISBN : 0444595082
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Summary : While the PSE community continues its focus on understanding, synthesizing, modeling, designing, simulating, analyzing, diagnosing, operating, controlling, managing, and optimizing a host of chemical and related industries using the systems approach, the boundaries of PSE research have expanded considerably over the years. While early PSE research was largely concerned with individual units and plants, the current research spans wide ranges of scales in size (molecules to processing units to plants to global multinational enterprises to global supply chain networks; biological cells to ecological webs) and time (instantaneous molecular interactions to months of plant operation to years of strategic planning). The changes and challenges brought about by increasing globalization and the the common global issues of energy, sustainability, and environment provide the motivation for the theme of PSE2012: Process Systems Engineering and Decision Support for the Flat World. Each theme includes an invited chapter based on the plenary presentation by an eminent academic or industrial researcher Reports on the state-of-the-art advances in the various fields of process systems engineering Addresses common global problems and the research being done to solve them

Optimization of Energy Systems

Optimization of Energy Systems
  • Author : Ibrahim Dincer,Marc A. Rosen,Pouria Ahmadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-15
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 111889443X
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Summary : An essential resource for optimizing energy systems to enhance design capability, performance and sustainability Optimization of Energy Systems comprehensively describes the thermodynamic modelling, analysis and optimization of numerous types of energy systems in various applications. It provides a new understanding of the system and the process of defining proper objective functions for determination of the most suitable design parameters for achieving enhanced efficiency, cost effectiveness and sustainability. Beginning with a general summary of thermodynamics, optimization techniques and optimization methods for thermal components, the book goes on to describe how to determine the most appropriate design parameters for more complex energy systems using various optimization methods. The results of each chapter provide potential tools for design, analysis, performance improvement, and greenhouse gas emissions reduction. Key features: Comprehensive coverage of the modelling, analysis and optimization of many energy systems for a variety of applications. Examples, practical applications and case studies to put theory into practice. Study problems at the end of each chapter that foster critical thinking and skill development. Written in an easy-to-follow style, starting with simple systems and moving to advanced energy systems and their complexities. A unique resource for understanding cutting-edge research in the thermodynamic analysis and optimization of a wide range of energy systems, Optimization of Energy Systems is suitable for graduate and senior undergraduate students, researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scientists in the area of energy systems.

Complexity and Complex Thermo-Economic Systems

Complexity and Complex Thermo-Economic Systems
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-24
  • Total pages :415
  • ISBN : 0128185953
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Summary : Complexity and Complex Thermoeconomic Systems describes the properties of complexity and complex thermo-economic systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results consistent with the best performance of a system. Applying to complex systems contemporary advanced techniques, such as static optimization, optimal control, and neural networks, this book treats the systems theory as a science of general laws for functional integrities. It also provides a platform for the discussion of various definitions of complexity, complex hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduated students in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering, as well as those in physics, ecology and biology, helping them better understand the complex thermodynamic systems and enhance their technical skills in research. Provides a lucid presentation of the dynamical properties of thermoeconomic systems Includes original graphical material that illustrates the properties of complex systems Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems

Optimization of the Fuel Cell Renewable Hybrid Power Systems
  • Author : Nicu Bizon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-11
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 303040241X
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Summary : This book offers a comprehensive review of renewable energy sources and optimization strategies in hybrid power systems (HPSs). It analyses the main issues and challenges in the renewable (REW) HPS field, particularly those using fuel cell (FC) systems as their main source of energy. It then offers innovative solutions to these issues, comparing them to solutions currently found in the literature. The book discusses optimization algorithms and energy management strategies. The focus is chiefly on FC net power maximization and fuel economy strategies based on global optimization. The last two chapters discuss energy harvesting from photovoltaic systems and how to mitigate energy variability in REW FC HPS. The main content is supplemented by numerous examples and simulations. Academics, students and practitioners in relevant industrial branches interested in REW HPS finds it of considerable interest, as a reference book or for building their own HPSs based on the examples provided.

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
  • Author : Mahdi Sharifzadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-31
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 0128154292
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Summary : Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: The Systems Engineering Vision for Industrial Application presents a comprehensive, critical and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications, such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management—all with a focus on modeling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs and their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modeling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modeling examples and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

Optimizing Thermal, Chemical, and Environmental Systems

Optimizing Thermal, Chemical, and Environmental Systems
  • Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Zbigniew Szwast
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-13
  • Total pages :452
  • ISBN : 0128135832
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Summary : Optimizing Thermal, Chemical and Environmental Systems treats the evaluation of power or energy limits for processes that arise in various thermal, chemical and environmental engineering systems (heat and mass exchangers, power converters, recovery units, solar collectors, mixture separators, chemical reactors, catalyst regenerators, etc.). The book is an indispensable source for researchers and students, providing the necessary information on what has been achieved to date in the field of process optimization, new research problems, and what kind of further studies should be developed within quite specialized optimizations. Summarizes recent achievements of advanced optimization techniques Links exergy definitions in reversible systems with classical problems of extremum work Includes practical problems and illustrative examples to clarify applications Provides a unified description of classical and work-assisted heat and mass exchangers Written by a first-class expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics

Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies and Systems

Low Carbon Energy Supply Technologies and Systems
  • Author : Atul Sharma,Amritanshu Shukla,Renu Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-17
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 100006588X
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Summary : Future energy technologies must embrace and achieve sustainability by displacing fossil carbon-intensive energy consumption or capture/reuse/sequester fossil carbon. This book provides a deeper knowledge on individual low (and zero) carbon technologies in a comprehensive way, covering details of recent developments on these technologies in different countries. It also covers materials and processes involved in energy generation, transmission, distribution, storage, policies, and so forth, including solar electrical; thermal systems; energy from biomass and biofuels; energy transmission, distribution, and storage; and buildings using energy-efficient lighting.

Fuel Cell Handbook

Fuel Cell Handbook
  • Author : A. J. Appleby,F. R. Foulkes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :762
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells
  • Author : Shripad T. Revankar,Pradip Majumdar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :748
  • ISBN : 1482235412
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Summary : Fuel Cells: Principles, Design, and Analysis considers the latest advances in fuel cell system development and deployment, and was written with engineering and science students in mind. This book provides readers with the fundamentals of fuel cell operation and design, and incorporates techniques and methods designed to analyze different fuel cell systems. It builds on three main themes: basic principles, analysis, and design. The section on basic principles contains background information on fuel cells, including fundamental principles such as electrochemistry, thermodynamics, and kinetics of fuel cell reactions as well as mass and heat transfer in fuel cells. The section on design explores important characteristics associated with various fuel cell components, electrodes, electrocatalysts, and electrolytes, while the section on analysis examines phenomena characterization and modeling both at the component and system levels. Includes objectives and a summary in each chapter Presents examples and problems demonstrating theory/principle applications Provides case studies on fuel cell analysis Contains mathematical methods including numerical methods and MATLAB® Simulink® techniques Offers references and material for further reading Fuel Cells: Principles, Design, and Analysis presents the basic principles, examples, and models essential in the design and optimization of fuel cell systems. Based on more than ten years of the authors’ teaching experience, this text is an ideal resource for junior- to senior-level undergraduate students and for graduate students pursuing advanced fuel cell research and study.

Modeling, Design, and Optimization of Net-Zero Energy Buildings

Modeling, Design, and Optimization of Net-Zero Energy Buildings
  • Author : Andreas Athienitis,William O'Brien
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-26
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 3433604630
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Summary : Building energy design is currently going through a period of major changes. One key factor of this is the adoption of net-zero energy as a long term goal for new buildings in most developed countries. To achieve this goal a lot of research is needed to accumulate knowledge and to utilize it in practical applications. In this book, accomplished international experts present advanced modeling techniques as well as in-depth case studies in order to aid designers in optimally using simulation tools for net-zero energy building design. The strategies and technologies discussed in this book are, however, also applicable for the design of energy-plus buildings. This book was facilitated by International Energy Agency's Solar Heating and Cooling (SHC) Programs and the Energy in Buildings and Communities (EBC) Programs through the joint SHC Task 40/EBC Annex 52: Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings R&D collaboration. After presenting the fundamental concepts, design strategies, and technologies required to achieve net-zero energy in buildings, the book discusses different design processes and tools to support the design of net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs). A substantial chapter reports on four diverse NZEBs that have been operating for at least two years. These case studies are extremely high quality because they all have high resolution measured data and the authors were intimately involved in all of them from conception to operating. By comparing the projections made using the respective design tools with the actual performance data, successful (and unsuccessful) design techniques and processes, design and simulation tools, and technologies are identified. Written by both academics and practitioners (building designers) and by North Americans as well as Europeans, this book provides a very broad perspective. It includes a detailed description of design processes and a list of appropriate tools for each design phase, plus methods for parametric analysis and mathematical optimization. It is a guideline for building designers that draws from both the profound theoretical background and the vast practical experience of the authors.

Optimization of Power System Operation

Optimization of Power System Operation
  • Author : Jizhong Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-08
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 1118993365
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Summary : Optimization of Power System Operation, 2nd Edition, offers a practical, hands-on guide to theoretical developments and to the application of advanced optimization methods to realistic electric power engineering problems. The book includes: New chapter on Application of Renewable Energy, and a new chapter on Operation of Smart Grid New topics include wheeling model, multi-area wheeling, and the total transfer capability computation in multiple areas Continues to provide engineers and academics with a complete picture of the optimization of techniques used in modern power system operation

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0444595058
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Summary :

Hydrogen Supply Chain

Hydrogen Supply Chain
  • Author : Catherine Azzaro-Pantel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-18
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 0128111984
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Summary : Design, Deployment and Operation of a Hydrogen Supply Chain introduces current energy system and the challenges that may hinder the large-scale adoption of hydrogen as an energy carrier. It covers the different aspects of a methodological framework for designing a HSC, including production, storage, transportation and infrastructure. Each technology’s advantages and drawbacks are evaluated, including their technology readiness level (TRL). The multiple applications of hydrogen for energy are presented, including use in fuel cells, combustion engines, as an alternative to natural gas and power to gas. Through analysis and forecasting, the authors explore deployment scenarios, considering the dynamic aspect of HSCs. In addition, the book proposes methods and tools that can be selected for a multi-criteria optimal design, including performance drivers and economic, environmental and societal metrics. Due to its systems-based approach, this book is ideal for engineering professionals, researchers and graduate students in the field of energy systems, energy supply and management, process systems and even policymakers. Explores the key drivers of hydrogen supply chain design and performance evaluation, including production and storage facilities, transportation, information, sourcing, pricing and sustainability Presents multi-criteria tools for the optimization of hydrogen supply chains and their integration in the overall energy system Examines the available technology, their strengths and weaknesses, and their technology readiness levels (TRL), to draw future perspectives of hydrogen markets and propose deployment scenarios Includes international case studies of hydrogen supply chains at various scales

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
  • Author : E. N. Pistikopoulos,M. C. Georgiadis,A. C. Kokossis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-26
  • Total pages :2029
  • ISBN : 044453895X
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Summary : The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of Computer Aided Process Engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well-being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges", described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies".

Hydrogen Economy

Hydrogen Economy
  • Author : Antonio Scipioni,Alessandro Manzardo,Jingzheng Ren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-05
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 012811133X
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Summary : Hydrogen Economy: Supply Chain, Life Cycle Analysis and Energy Transition for Sustainability explores the challenges for the transition into a sustainable hydrogen economy. In this book, experts from various academic backgrounds discuss the tools and methodologies for the analysis, planning, design and optimization of hydrogen supply chains. They examine the available technologies for hydrogen production, storage, transport, distribution and energy conversion, providing a cross cutting perspective on their sustainability. Environmental, social and economic aspects are considered, allowing for a more complete life cycle assessment of the entire supply chain. Methods and frameworks for multi-criteria decision making for the sustainable implementation of hydrogen systems are also covered. Providing a broad overview of the subject and well-recognized tools to manage hydrogen sustainability, this book is a useful resource for engineering researchers and PhD students in energy, environmental and industrial areas, energy economy researchers, practicing hydrogen energy engineers and technicians, energy and environmental consultants, life cycle assessment practitioners and consultants. Provides a broad perspective of the issues related to environmental, social and economic sustainability of hydrogen energy and its future perspectives Presents the current applied research and available tools for managing and assessing hydrogen energy sustainability, such as LCA, optimization, multi-criteria decision making and supply chain optimization Explores how experts in the field handle all issues related to the application of life cycle assessment for hydrogen production, storage, transport, distribution and end use

Renewable Energy System Design

Renewable Energy System Design
  • Author : Ziyad Salameh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-12
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0080961673
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Summary : The limitation of fossil fuels has challenged scientists and engineers to search for alternative energy resources that can meet future energy demand. Renewable Energy System Design is a valuable reference focusing on engineering, design, and operating principles that engineers can follow in order to successfully design more robust and efficient renewable energy systems. Written by Dr. Ziyad Salameh, an expert with over thirty years of teaching, research, and design experience, Renewable Energy System Design provides readers with the "nuts and bolts" of photovoltaic, wind energy, and hybrid wind/PV systems. It explores renewable energy storage devices with an emphasis on batteries and fuel cells and emerging sustainable technologies like biomass, geothermal power, ocean thermal energy conversion, solar thermal, and satellite power. Renewable Energy System Design is a must-have resource that provides engineers and students with a comprehensive yet practical guide to the characteristics, principles of operation, and power potential of the most prevalent renewable energy systems. Explains and demonstrates design and operating principles for solar, wind, hybrid and emerging systems with diagrams and examples Utilizes case studies to help engineers anticipate and overcome common design challenges Explores renewable energy storage methods particularly batteries and fuel cells and emerging renewable technologies

Advances in Renewable Energies and Power Technologies

Advances in Renewable Energies and Power Technologies
  • Author : Imene Yahyaoui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-12
  • Total pages :530
  • ISBN : 0128132175
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Summary : Advances in Renewable Energies and Power Technologies: Volume 1: Solar and Wind Energies examines both the theoretical and practical elements of renewable energy sources, such as photovoltaics, solar, photothermal and wind energies. Yahyaoui and a team of expert contributors present the most up-to-date information and analysis on renewable energy generation technologies in this comprehensive resource. Covers the principles and methods of each technology, an analysis of their implementation, management and optimization, and related economic advantages and limitations. Features recent case studies and models of each technology. A valuable resource for anyone working in the renewable energy field or wanting to learn more about theoretical and technological aspects of the most recent inventions and research in the field. Offers a comprehensive guide to the most advanced contemporary renewable power generation technologies written by a team of top experts Discusses the energy optimization, control and limitations of each technology, as well as a detailed economic study of the associated costs of implementation and management Includes global case studies and models to exemplify the technological possibilities and limitations of each power generation method