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Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Charles H. Eccleston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-02
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 1439828741
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Summary : Under the best of circumstances, preparing an environmental impact assessment (EIA) can be a complex and challenging task. Experience indicates that the scope and quality of such analyses varies widely throughout the U.S. as well as internationally. Written to help practitioners and decision-makers apply best professional practices in the development of EIAs, Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Best Professional Practices provides an in depth, yet practical direction for developing a defensible analysis that meets best professional practices. The book describes preparation of five distinct types of assessments: Cumulative Impact Assessment (CIA) Preparing Greenhouse Emission Assessments Preparing Risk Assessments and Accident Analyses Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Environmental Justice The International Environmental Impact Assessment Process Guiding Principles To date, there is significant variation and disagreement about how such analyses should be prepared. The author introduces best professional practices (BPP) for preparing such EIAs that is intended to meet decision-making and regulatory expectations. He supplies a comprehensive and balanced skill set of tools, techniques, concepts, principles, and practices for preparing these assessments. He also includes directions for developing a comprehensive Environmental Management Systems which can be used to monitor and implement final decisions for such analyses. While the book references the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), most of this guidance is generally applicable to any international EIA process consistent with NEPA. With thorough coverage of all aspects of assessments, the book presents a theoretical introduction to the subject as well as practical guidance. It delivers state-of-the-art tools, techniques, and approaches for resolving EIA problems.

Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment

Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : John Glasson,Riki Therivel,Andrew Chadwick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-13
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781134303779
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Summary : A clearly structured overview of a key subject, this work provides the student with not only a complete introductory text but also a book to support further studies. Written by three authors with extensive research and practical experience in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), the treatment is up to date and brings together currently fragmented information from many sources. EIA is now firmly on the agenda as a result of the introduction of legislation at both national and international levels, and is very much in tune with widespread and growing concern about environmental issues and the impact of development on the environment. First introduced in the USA in the 1970s, the application of EIA has been accelerated in Europe by the 1985 EC directive, which led to its introduction in the UK in 1988, since when it has been a major growth area in planning practice. The originally anticipated 20 environmental impact statements per annum have now grown to well over 300, for projects such as power stations, roads, new settlements, mineral extraction schemes, waste-disposal installations and toursism developments, and this is but the tip of the iceberg. Based on highly successful courses at one of the leading schools of planning, this book should serve the need for an introduction to EIA that goes beyond first principles and is informed by a wealth of teaching, research and practical experience. Students on undergraduate and postgraduate planning programmes should find it useful as a course text, as will students of environmental management/policy, environmental sciences/studies, geography and the built environment. Planners, developers and decision makers in government and business should also welcome the book as a very effective means of getting to grips with a key new subject which they must fully integrate with their other activities.

The Application of Science in Environmental Impact Assessment

The Application of Science in Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Aaron J. MacKinnon,Peter N. Duinker,Tony R. Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-12
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9781351173421
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Summary : This book charts the history of the application of science in environmental impact assessment (EIA) and provides a conceptual and technical overview of scientific developments associated with EIA since its inception in the early 1970s. The Application of Science in Environmental Impact Assessment begins by defining an appropriate role for science in EIA. From here it goes on to reflect more closely on empirical and deductive biophysical sciences as they relate to well-known stages of the generic EIA process and explores whether scientific theory and practice are at their vanguard in EIA and related applications. Throughout the book the authors reflect on biophysical science as it applies to stages of the EIA process and also consider debates surrounding the role of science as it relates to political and administrative dimensions of EIA. Based on this review, the book concludes that improvements to the quality of science in EIA will rely on the adoption of stronger participatory and collaborative working arrangements. Covering key topics including foundational scientific guidance materials; frameworks for implementing science amid conflict and uncertainty; and emerging ecological concepts, this book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners of EIA.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Chris Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-14
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781317878421
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has become a vital management tool worldwide. EIA is a means of evaluating the likely consequences of a proposed major action which will significantly affect the environment, before that action is taken.This new edition of Wood's key text provides an authoritative, international review of environmental impact assessment, comparing systems used in the UK, USA, the Netherlands, Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand and South Africa.

Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice

Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice
  • Author : Joe Weston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-11
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781317889724
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a fast-growing field of land-use planning affecting many disciplines. At present, UK Government legislation requires EIA for certain types of development. Subject to a further new European directive, an EIA will be required for all policies, plans and programmes. Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice provides a practical introduction to the subject and relates the theory to the practice through extensive use of case studies. Edited by Joe Weston, the book draws on contributions from a number of practising experts in the field and covers topics such as: assessing the need for EIAs; the environmental team; scoping and public participation; internal and external consultation; local lobbying; local authority review and decision-making; public enquiries; monitoring the impacts; pollution control; and the lessons to be learned. Planning and Environmental Impact Assessment in Practice provides a practical introduction to EIA for final year undergraduate and postgraduate MSc courses in planning, geography, civil engineering, building and estate management, and development.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Kevin Stuart Hanna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : NWU:35556039123427
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Summary : Through twenty-one chapters that examine current debates, recent cases, and ongoing developments in Canadian EIA, Environmental Impact Assessment reflects the diversity of issues EIA processes now address.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Peter Wathern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-01
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781134897711
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Summary : This comprehensive treatment of environmental impact assessment (EIA) provides an authoritative contemporary review of theory and practice over the past ten years. EIA is viewed as both science and art, reflecting the concern both with technical aspects of appraisal and the effects of EIA on the decision-making process. Adopted in many countries, with different degrees of enthusiasm, since its inception in the early 1970's, EIA is established as a major procedure for assessing the environmental implications of legislation, the implementation of policy and plans and the initiation of development projects. EIA is increasingly an essential part of environmental management

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Anji Reddy Mareddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-14
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780128112380
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessment: Theory and Practice describes the various pieces of knowledge necessary to speak the language of EIA and carry out EIAs focusing on a variety of environmental issues, including impacts on environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise and biological environments. Organized into 15 chapters, the book provides engineers with the tools and methods to conduct an effective assessment, including report preparations, design measures and relevant mitigation steps that can be taken to reduce or avoid negative effects. Case Studies are presented, providing guidance professionals can use to better understand, plan and prepare environmental impact assessments. Presents detailed methodologies for air pollution control, waste treatment schemes, phytoremediation, bioremediation, hazardous waste, green belt development and rainwater harvesting Highlights concepts and important definitions of EIA and the planning and management of EIA study Discusses the impacts on valued environmental components, like air, water, soils, land, noise, and biological and socioeconomic environments in a systematic manner

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the Arctic

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the Arctic
  • Author : Timo Koivurova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9781351742900
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Summary : This title was first published in 2002. This volume examines the norms of international law that apply to the planning stage of large-scale activities such as hydrocarbon exploitation, mineral extraction and forestry. These stationary activities (those that remain at a single location for a period of time), pose grave risks to the Arctic environment, since the development of technology has made it profitable to exploit natural resources even in such harsh regions.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Alan Gilpin,Alan West
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 0521429676
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Summary : This book examines the crucial role of EIA in government decision-making in Europe, the Nordic countries, North America, Asia and the Pacific.

Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment

Furthering Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Anastassios Perdicoulis,Bridget Durning,Lisa Palframan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-01
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781781953570
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Summary : The environmental impact of development projects is currently studied and mitigated from two distinct perspectives: before and after project implementation, with environmental impact assessment (EIA) and environmental management systems (EMS) being the main instruments on the respective sides. This double perspective creates a discontinuity in the way environmental impacts are analysed, an issue that has been noted by both academics and practitioners. This book gathers and presents both theoretical and actual examples to link EIA with EMS and explores ways to overcome difficulties and provide innovative solutions. Academic researchers, advanced students, EIA practitioners and EMS practitioners will find the book essential for the theoretical explorations of how the link might occur and practical examples in which to explore and critique these theories.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Richard K. Morgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-05-31
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 0412730006
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is one of the most important tools employed in contemporary environmental management. Presenting the component activities of EIA within a coherent methodological framework, Environmental Impact Assessment: A Methodological Approach provides students and practitioners alike with a rigorous grounding in EIA theory, including biophysical, social, strategic and cumulative assessment activities, and examines the crucial role, and limitations, of the science of EIA. Deliberately designed to be relevant world-wide, the author focuses on the common skills and generic aspects of EIA that underpin all impact assessment work, independent of country or jurisdiction, such as screening and scoping, impact identification, public involvement, prediction and monitoring, evaluation, and quality control. The variety of approaches are identified along with their associated strengths and weaknesses, enabling potential, new and experienced practitioners to make informed choices and to improve their working practices through a better understanding of EIA activity. The ultimate aim of this book is to move from the notion of EIA as a technical procedure towards a concept of EIA as a particular form of problem-solving with varied methodological requirements.

Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment

Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : Peter Morris,Riki Therivel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-08-23
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781134553464
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Summary : Offers a comprehensive coverage of the methods used in environmental impact assessment, which is now firmly established as an obligatory procedure in proposing or launching any development project with possible impacts on the environment.

Environmental Impact Assessments and Mitigation

Environmental Impact Assessments and Mitigation
  • Author : Musaida Mercy Manyuchi,Charles Mbohwa,Edison Muzenda,Nita Sukdeo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-10
  • Total pages :206
  • ISBN : 9781000194982
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Summary : Environmental Impact Assessments and Mitigation examines various assessments for developmental projects in the housing, mining, energy, and waste management areas. As the world continues to shift toward concerns over climate change and environmental protection issues, developmental projects must have environmental impact assessments (EIA) conducted as well as environmental management plans (EMP). This book describes how all phases of a project, from planning, to operation, to post operation, must consider potential environmental impacts and their mitigation. Features: Presents numerous sustainable development considerations for key industries Discusses how environmental impact assessments are prepared for each stage of a project Describes different environmental management plans for established projects Offers mitigation plans for various potential environmental impacts Includes practical examples from the construction, manufacturing, transport, and mining industries Useful for practicing professional engineers as well as upper-level students, this book covers all aspects of environmental impact assessments from start to finish.

Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants

Development of an Environmental Impact Assessment and Decision Support System for Seawater Desalination Plants
  • Author : Sabine Latteman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-11
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780203093245
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Summary : Seawater desalination is a coastal-based industry. The growing number of desalination plants worldwide and the increasing size of single facilities emphasises the need for greener desalination technologies and more sustainable desalination projects. Two complementing approaches are the development and implementation of best available technology (BAT) standards and best practice guidelines for environmental impact assessment (EIA) studies. While BAT is a technology-based approach, which favours state of the art technologies that reduce resource consumption and waste emissions, EIA aims at minimizing impacts at a site- and project-specific level through environmental monitoring, evaluation of impacts, and mitigation where necessary. This book contains a comprehensive evaluation and synthesis of the potential environmental impacts of desalination plants, with emphasis on the marine environment and aspects of energy use, followed by the development of strategies for impact mitigating. A concept for BAT for seawater desalination technologies is proposed, in combination with a methodological approach for the EIA of desalination projects. The scope of the EIA studies are outlined, including environmental monitoring, toxicity and hydrodynamic modelling studies, and the usefulness of multi-criteria analysis as a decision support tool for EIAs is explored and used to compare different intake and pretreatment options for seawater reverse osmosis plants.

Environmental Impact Assessment of Buildings

Environmental Impact Assessment of Buildings
  • Author : Wahidul Biswas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9783039282432
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Summary : This Special Issue covers a wide range of areas—including building orientation, service life, use of photocatalytically active structures and PV facades, implications of transportation system, building types (i.e., high rise, multilevel, commercial, residential), life cycle assessment, and structural engineering—that need to be considered in the environmental impact assessment of buildings, and the chapters include case studies across the globe. Consideration of these strategies would help reduce energy and material consumption, environmental emissions, and waste generation associated with all phases of a building’s life cycle. Chapter 1 demonstrates that green star concrete exhibits the same structural properties as conventional concrete in Australia. Chapter 2 showed that the use of TiO2 as a photocatalyst on the surface of construction materials with a suitable stable binding agent, such as aggregates, would enable building walls to absorb NOx from air. This study found that TiO2 has the potential to reduce ambient concentrations of NOx from areas where this pollutant becomes concentrated under solar irradiation. Chapter 3 presents the life cycle assessment of architecturally integrated glass–glass photovoltaics in building facades to find the appropriate material composition for a multicolored PV façade offering improved environmental performance. Chapter 4 shows that urban office buildings lacking appropriate orientation experienced indoor overheating. Chapter 5 details four modeling approaches that were implemented to estimate buildings’ response towards load shedding. Chapter 6 covers the life cycle GHG emissions of high-rise residential housing block to discover opportunities for environmental improvement. Chapter 7 discusses an LCA framework that took into account variation in the service life of buildings associated with the use of different types of materials. Chapter 8 presents a useful data mining algorithm to conduct life cycle asset management in residential developments built on transport systems.

Environmental Impact Assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : David P. Lawrence
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-11-24
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 0471465720
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Summary : This book challenges the prevailing assumption that Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) should be structured around a unitary EIA process. The book begins by identifying, through a scenario, eight recurrent problems in EIA practice. The characteristics of multiple variations of conventional EIA processes, at both the regulatory and applied levels, are then presented. The residual problems that remain after the conventional processes are described and assessed providing the springboard for a description and analysis of eight alternative EIA processes.

Methods of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

Methods of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
  • Author : Riki Therivel,Graham Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-13
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9781317236528
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Summary : Environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) is an important and often obligatory part of proposing or launching any development project. Delivering a successful ESIA needs not only an understanding of the theory but also a detailed knowledge of the methods for carrying out the processes required. Riki Therivel and Graham Wood bring together the latest advice on best practice from experienced practitioners to ensure an ESIA is carried out effectively and efficiently. This new edition: • explains how an ESIA works and how it should be carried out • demonstrates the links between socio-economic, cultural, environmental and ecological systems and assessments • incorporates the World Bank’s IFC performance standards, and best practice examples from developing as well as developed countries • includes new chapters on emerging ESIA topics such as climate change, ecosystem services, cultural impacts, resource efficiency, land acquisition and involuntary resettlement. Invaluable to undergraduate and MSc students of ESIA on planning, ecology, geography and environment courses, this internationally oriented fourth edition of Methods of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment is also of great use to planners, ESIA practitioners and professionals seeking to update their skills.

Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment

Introduction To Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : John Glasson,Riki Therivel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-25
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780429894619
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Summary : A comprehensive, clearly structured and readable overview of the subject, Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment has established itself as the leading introduction to EIA worldwide. This fifth edition is a major update reflecting many significant changes in EIA procedures, process, practice and prospects over the last decade. In particular, it includes: a much more international dimension, drawing on EIA activities worldwide; an up-to-date coverage of the revised EU EIA Directive and its implementation; the associated update of contemporary UK procedures and practice; best practice on evolving methods in the EIA process; a rich array of UK and many international case studies; a new coverage of emerging EIA impact topics, including equality/deprivation; culture; resettlement; climate change; ecosystem services; and risk, resilience and cumulative impacts; an appraisal of some next steps in the EIA process, including a more effective and proportionate EIA; the impact of technological change; the changing interpretation of the project; project implementation, monitoring and adaptive management; and moves towards a more integrated impact assessment. Together, these topics act as a kind of action list for future EIA; the development of SEA legislation and practice in the UK, EU and worldwide; and a set of appendices containing key legislation and an EIS review framework. It is also makes full use of colour illustrations and chapter questions for discussion. Written by two authors with extensive research, training and consultancy experience of EIA, this book brings together the most up-to-date information from many sources. Introduction to Environmental Impact Assessment 5th Edition provides a complete, and critical, introductory text that also supports further studies. Students in undergraduate and postgraduate planning programmes will find it essential as a course text, as will students of environmental management/policy, environmental sciences/studies, geography and built environment. Key stakeholders involved in assessment activities – planners, developers, community groups, pressure groups and decision-makers in government and business – will also welcome this latest edition as a very effective means of getting to grips with the many facets of this important and evolving subject that affects a widening range of development projects.

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Assessment

Handbook of Environmental Engineering Assessment
  • Author : Ravi Jain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :761
  • ISBN : 9780123884442
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Summary : Chapter 1 Environmental Assessment in Engineering and Planning Chapter 2 Environmental Laws and Regulations Chapter 3 National Environmental Policy Act Chapter 4 Environmental Documents and CEQ Regulations Chapter 5 Elements of Environmental Assessment and Planning Chapter 6 Environmental Assessment Methodologies Chapter 7 Generalized approach for Environmental Analysis Chapter 8 Procedure for Reviewing Environmental Impact Statements Chapter 9 International Perspectives on Environmental Assessment, Engineering, and Planning Chapter 10 Economic and Social Impact Analysis Chapter 11 Public Participation Chapter 12 Energy and Environmental Implications Chapter 13 Contemporary Issues in Environmental Engineering and Planning Epilogue.

Health and Environmental Impact Assessment

Health and Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Author : British Medical Association
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-05
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781134067015
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Summary : This text shows why we need to develop an integrated approach to health and environmental impact assessment of development projects, and how this might be achieved. Case studies and examples are provided