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Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : Gene M. Grossman,Alan B. Krueger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :39
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007843683
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Summary : In general, a reduction in trade barriers will affect the environment by expanding the scale of economic activity, by altering the composition of economic activity and by initiating a change in the techniques of production. We present empirical evidence to assess the relative magnitudes of these three effects as they apply to further trade liberalization in Mexico. We first use comparable measures of three air pollutants in a cross-section of urban areas located in 42 countries to study the relationship between air quality and economic growth. We find for two pollutants (sulphur dioxide and 'smoke') that concentrations increase with per capita GDP at low levels of national income, but decrease with GDP growth at higher levels of income. We then study the determinants of the industry pattern of US imports from Mexico and of value added by Mexico's maquiladora sector. We investigate whether the size of pollution abatement costs in US industry influences the pattern of international trade and investment. Finally, we use the results from a computable general equilibrium model to study the likely compositional effect of a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on pollution in Mexico.

Environmental Impact of the Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement

Environmental Impact of the Proposed North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : United States,United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Finance. Subcommittee on International Trade
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :78
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105045288409
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Summary :

The Mexico-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

The Mexico-U.S. Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : Paul Krugman,Gordon H. Hanson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :317
  • ISBN : 0262071525
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Summary : The seven contributions in this book examine the potential impact of a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico on the U.S. economy. They cover such key aspects as the general sources of comparative advantage between Mexico and the U.S., regional and local effects on production and employment, and the effect on production in particular industries. The authors start from the premise that the trade agreement will have a small impact on the overall U.S. gross national product because the U.S. economy is large compared to that of Mexico and because there is already much unrestricted trade between the two countries. Several chapters consider how some sources of comparative advantage that cut across industries differential environmental regulations and wage differentials - may affect the outcome. These are followed by chapters that assess the locational effects on U.S. production, either from the viewpoint of which metropolitan areas will gain employment or of the scale effects-transportation cost-tradeoff. Concluding chapters address the effect of the NAFTA on several individual U.S. sectors such as agriculture, automobiles, and financial services. Peter M. Garber is Professor of Economics at Brown University. Contents: Introduction, Peter M. Garber. Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement, Gene M. Grossman, Alan B. Krueger. Wage Effects of a U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Agreement, Edward E. Leamer. Some Favorable Impacts of a U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Agreement, J. Vernon Henderson. Mexico- U.S. Free Trade and the Location of Production, Paul Krugman, Gordon Hanson. Trade with Mexico and Water Use in California Agriculture, Robert C. Feenstra, Andrew K. Rose. The Automobile Industry and the Mexico-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, Steven Barry, Vittorio Grilli, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes. Opening the Financial Services Market in Mexico, Peter M. Garber, Steven R. Weisbrod.

Protecting the Environment in North American Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Protecting the Environment in North American Free Trade Agreement Negotiations
  • Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Small Business. Subcommittee on Regulation, Business Opportunities, and Energy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : UCR:31210008732347
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Summary :

North American Free Trade Agreements

North American Free Trade Agreements
  • Author : DIANE Publishing Company
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-06
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 0788110659
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Summary : In 2 parts. The first part briefly summarizes the major provisions of the Agreement and discusses their broad effects on the economy, the environment, labor, and immigration. The second part, organized as a sourcebook, gives more detail on specific provisions of the agreement. It examines the objectives of the negotiators from each country, the major components of the Agreement, and the unresolved issues. Charts and tables.

North American Free Trade Agreement: Assessment of Major Issues

North American Free Trade Agreement: Assessment of Major Issues
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :155
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075165830
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Summary :

Essays on the Environmental Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement in Mexico

Essays on the Environmental Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement in Mexico
  • Author : Lewis Raymond Gale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822021314208
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Summary :

NAFTA and the Environment

NAFTA and the Environment
  • Author : Gary Clyde Hufbauer,Daniel C. Esty,Diana Orejas,Jeffrey J. Schott,Luis Rubio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : 0881322997
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Summary : Conditions on the U.S.-Mexico border are often so deplorable that they seem "made for TV." Air and water pollution blighted northern Mexican cities long before NAFTA was a glimmer on the political horizon. Not surprisingly, when NAFTA became a political reality, environmentalists reacted. They argued, among other things, that commercial competition would weaken environmental standards in all three countries, and that industrial growth in Mexico would further damage its weak environmental infrastructure. The demands for action against current and potential abuses posed a serious obstacle to the completion of NAFTA negotiations. A side accord-the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC)-helped alleviate some of these concerns. But in the aftermath of NAFTA's economic success, poor living conditions persist in most of Mexico. Many environmental groups blame NAFTA and, drawing on its experience, now oppose new trade initiatives.Does the NAFTA record on the environment since 1994 justify its criticism? Seven years is too short to redress decades of environmental abuse, but it is not too soon to assess NAFTA's achievements and shortcomings in meeting its environmental objectives. In this analysis, the authors review (1) the environmental provisions of the NAFTA; (2) the NAAEC; (3) the situation at the US-Mexican border; and (4) the trends in North American environmental policy. They emphasize that the environmental problems of North America were not the result of NAFTA nor was the NAAEC devised to address all of them. But with its huge success in expanding free trade, NAFTA has concentrated population and environmental abuse at the US Mexico border-where it is most visible to Americans. The authors offer recommendations to better NAFTA's environmental dimension in all three countries, and improve living conditions where economic growth is greatest-at the US-Mexican border. It makes more sense to tackle the shortcomings than to lament NAFTA and the economic growth it promotes.

NAFTA and the Environment

NAFTA and the Environment
  • Author : Terry Lee Anderson,Pacific Research Institute for Public Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :107
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105009047460
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Summary : Will NAFTA harm the earth? NAFTA's environmental impact, explored in detailed.

Free Trade and the Environment

Free Trade and the Environment
  • Author : Kevin Gallagher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :125
  • ISBN : 9780804751254
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Summary : 'Free Trade and the Environment' examines the impact of international economic integration on the environment, taking as a case study the experience of Mexico, as it transformed itself from one of the most closed economies in the world to one of the mostopen.

Potential Impact on the U.S. Economy and Selected Industries of the North American Free-Trade Agreement

Potential Impact on the U.S. Economy and Selected Industries of the North American Free-Trade Agreement
  • Author : United States International Trade Commission,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Ways and Means
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :11
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822015600869
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Summary :

Testimony of John Audley, Sierra Club, Regarding the Environmental Impacts of the North American Free Trade Agreement Before the House Ways & Means Committee, Subcommittee on Trade, September 17, 1992

Testimony of John Audley, Sierra Club, Regarding the Environmental Impacts of the North American Free Trade Agreement Before the House Ways & Means Committee, Subcommittee on Trade, September 17, 1992
  • Author : John J. Audley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :12
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822015023021
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Summary :

The Impact of a North American Free Trade Agreement on California

The Impact of a North American Free Trade Agreement on California
  • Author : Raúl Andrés Hinojosa Ojeda,Sherman Robinson,Goetz Wolff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :43
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822015001662
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Summary :

Globalization

Globalization
  • Author : Zygmunt Bauman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-10
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9780231508858
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Summary : From the streets of Seattle to corporate boardrooms to new factories in third-world nations, globalization is subject to very different and often explosively divergent interpretations. Where some see globalization as driving poor countries into further poverty, others see it as the path to economic salvation and democratic rule. With original contributions from ten eminent economists, Globalization: What's New cuts through the confusion and rhetoric to offer straightforward, incisive analysis of globalization and its future. Coming from some of globalization's most prominent supporters (David Dollar), its most vocal critics (Joseph Stiglitz), and those in-between, this collection presents diverse and original perspectives on globalization's immense reach that dig to the core of many debates. The contributors analyze recent trends in trade, immigration, and capital flows; why some poor countries have grown while others have stagnated during the past two decades; future opportunities for low-wage workers; globalization's impact on jobs and wages in poor countries and in the United States; the surprising environmental benefits of globalization; the degree to which foreign aid helps developing countries; the failures of international institutions in governing the global economy and supporting democracy; and how foreign loans and investments can wreak havoc on a nation's economy.

The Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement on Latino Workers in California and South Texas

The Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement on Latino Workers in California and South Texas
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : UTEXAS:059173001323134
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Summary :

Flashpoints in Environmental Policymaking

Flashpoints in Environmental Policymaking
  • Author : Sheldon Kamieniecki,George A. Gonzalez,Robert O. Vos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-01
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 0791433293
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Summary : As a contribution to public policy and to help educate students about natural resource issues, this book identifies the likely "hot spots" of environmental policy and presents alternative and often opposing points of view on the major controversies that are likely to be with us well into the next century. Among the topics covered are comparative risk assessment; market incentives in environmental regulation; environmental justice; public versus private management of public lands; international trade and sustainable development; and the relationship between national security and environmental protection.

The Environmental Effect of the North American Free Trade Agreement

The Environmental Effect of the North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : JeongDai Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822033376856
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Summary :

The Economics of International Trade and the Environment

The Economics of International Trade and the Environment
  • Author : Amitrajeet A Batabyal,Hamid Beladi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-02-07
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781420032628
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Summary : Issues related to environmental protection and trade liberalization have moved to the forefront of international policy agendas. The Economics of International Trade and the Environment explores - from an economic standpoint - many of the questions that are germane in increasing our knowledge of environmental policy in the presence of international

Environmental Impact of NAFTA

Environmental Impact of NAFTA
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822018928564
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Summary :

Advances in Applied Economics, Business and Development

Advances in Applied Economics, Business and Development
  • Author : Qingyuan Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-22
  • Total pages :611
  • ISBN : 9783642230202
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Summary : This four-volume-set (CCIS 208, 209, 210, 211) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Symposium on Applied Economics, Business and Development, ISAEBD 2011, held in Dalian, China, in August 2011. The papers address issues related to Applied Economics, Business and Development and cover various research areas including Economics, Management, Education and its Applications.

International Trade and Labor Standards

International Trade and Labor Standards
  • Author : Christian Barry,Sanjay G. Reddy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-03
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9780231512961
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Summary : Progressive governments in poor countries fear that if they undertake measures to enhance real wages and working conditions, rising labor costs would cause wealthier countries to import from and invest elsewhere. Yet if the world trading system were designed to facilitate or even reward measures to promote labor standards, poor countries could undertake them without fear. In this book, Christian Barry and Sanjay G. Reddy propose ways in which the international trading system can support poor countries in promoting the well-being of their peoples. Reforms to the trading system can lessen the collective-action problem among poor countries, increasing their freedom to pursue policy that better serves the interests of their people. Incorporating the right kind of linkage between trading opportunities and the promotion of labor standards could empower countries, allowing them greater effective sovereignty and enabling them to improve the circumstances of the less advantaged. Barry and Reddy demonstrate how linkage can be made acceptable to all players, and they carefully defend these ideas against those who might initially disagree. Their volume is accessible to general readers but draws on sophisticated economic and philosophical arguments and includes responses from leading labor activists, economists, and philosophers, including Kyle Bagwell, Robert Goodin, Rohini Hensman, and Roberto Mangabeira Unger.