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Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)
  • Author : Burcu Özcan,Ilhan Öztürk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-13
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 0128167963
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Summary : Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): A Manual provides a comprehensive summary of the EKC, summarizing work on this economic tool that can analyze environmental pollution problems. By enabling users to reconcile environmental and economic development policies, Environmental Kuznets Curve studies lend themselves to the investigation of the energy-growth and finance-energy nexus. The book obviates a dependence on outmoded tools, such as carrying capacity, externalities, ecosystem valuation and cost benefit analysis, while also encouraging flexible approaches to a variety of challenges. Provides a comprehensive summary of EKC studies, including advances in econometrics, literature reviews and historical perspectives Outlines solutions to common problems in applying EKC techniques by reviewing major case studies Explores frequently-utilized proxies for environmental quality

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)
  • Author : Burcu Ozcan,Ilhan Ozturk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 0128167971
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Summary : Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): A Manual provides a comprehensive summary of the EKC, summarizing work on this economic tool that can analyze environmental pollution problems. By enabling users to reconcile environmental and economic development policies, Environmental Kuznets Curve studies lend themselves to the investigation of the energy-growth and finance-energy nexus. The book obviates a dependence on outmoded tools, such as carrying capacity, externalities, ecosystem valuation and cost benefit analysis, while also encouraging flexible approaches to a variety of challenges. Provides a comprehensive summary of EKC studies, including advances in econometrics, literature reviews and historical perspectives Outlines solutions to common problems in applying EKC techniques by reviewing major case studies Explores frequently-utilized proxies for environmental quality

Possible Causes of the Environmental Kuznets Curve

Possible Causes of the Environmental Kuznets Curve
  • Author : Christoph Lieb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9783039103386
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Summary : The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a hypothesis stating that pollution rises with income at low levels of income but falls at higher income levels. If this hypothesis were true, economic growth would finally be good for the environment. But is this hypothesis correct? For which pollutants does the EKC exist and for which pollutants is the pollution-income relationship monotonically rising? Why does the EKC hypothesis apply to some, but not to other pollutants? The author first surveys the empirical and theoretical literature. He also analyses which theoretical causes of the EKC are empirically validated. After introducing a method for solving static models with milder assumptions about the ordinal, instead of the cardinal utility function, the author offers further explanations of the EKC. In one static and in two dynamic models he analyses the (intertemporal) choice between consumption and abatement. He also explores an overlapping generations model with two pollutants. From this analysis conclusions about the pollution-income relationship for different types of pollutants are drawn. These conclusions are especially important for policy-makers.

The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)

The Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)
  • Author : Genan Sana Itani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

An Empirical Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis for the Ecological Footprint

An Empirical Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis for the Ecological Footprint
  • Author : Moonsun Youn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
  • Author : Katsuhisa Uchiyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :63
  • ISBN : 4431559213
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Summary : This book investigates the relationship between environmental degradation and income, focusing on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from around the world, to explore the possibility of sustainable development under global warming. Although many researchers have tackled this problem by estimating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), unlike the approach to sulfur dioxide emissions, there seems to be little consensus about whether EKC is formed with regard to CO2 emissions. Thus, EKC is one of the most controversial issues in the field of environmental economics. This book contributes three points with academic rigor. First, an unbalanced panel dataset containing over 150 countries with the latest CO2 emission data between 1960 and 2010 is constructed. Second, based on this dataset, the CO2 emission–income relationship is analyzed using strict econometric methods such as the dynamic panel model. Third, as it is often pointed out that some factors other than income affect CO2 emission, several variables were added to the estimation model to examine the effects of changes of industrial structure, energy composition, and overseas trade on CO2 emission.

Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy

Economic Institutions and Environmental Policy
  • Author : Antonio Nicita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 1351787527
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Summary : This title was first published in 2001. This wide-ranging and comprehensive collection investigates the background to environmental economic development over the last thirty years, and the political implications of new directions resulting from technological and cultural changes in environmental issues. It examines the application of economic analysis to environmental problems in the past and solutions to the current issues of water, soil, air, energy, waste and urban ecology, discussing the implications of political decisions, cultural changes and technological constraints. It will prove a stimulating resource for students, academics, researchers and policy-makers alike.

Does Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis Exist? Evidence from Dynamic Panel Threshold

Does Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis Exist? Evidence from Dynamic Panel Threshold
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : ABSTRACT: Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions have been rising globally and have raised public concern regarding their detrimental effects to human life. This article investigates the validity of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis in developing countries in a nonlinear framework. The article applies the dynamic panel threshold method, which is able to estimate the EKC turning point. The main findings reveal the existence of a nonlinear relationship between income (GDP per capita) and carbon dioxide emissions. Precisely, for developing countries (low and middle income) the results reveal that GDP per capita is positive and significantly related to CO2 emissions, below and above the threshold. These results challenge the validity of the EKC hypothesis in developing countries, suggesting that developing countries are still below the desired income turning point, at which better economic development will lead to reduced environmental damage. Based on the study findings, it may be inappropriate for the policymakers in developing countries to adopt the EKC postulate as the theoretical basis for policies favouring economic growth.

Cracking Economics

Cracking Economics
  • Author : Tejvan Pettinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-25
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1844039765
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Summary : Crack the world of money and understand the economic theory that has shaped nations and influenced the way you live now. From Keynesian models to how inflation affects interest rates, Cracking Economics will make the seemingly complex world of global finance easily understood. Subjects covered include: -Macro- and micro-economics -Inflation -Recession -Economic forecasting -How stock markets work -Globalisation -Labour markets -The credit crunch -Keynesian theory -Conceptual economics -The Euro An accessible, comprehensive and fully illustrated guide to this fascinating field, Cracking Economics will get you conversing on currency and discussing the deficit with the best of them.

The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis as a Problematic

The Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis as a Problematic
  • Author : Paul Erb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Halfway into its third decade, the debate surrounding the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis has stalled with political economists and socio-ecologists ascendant and modernization theorists scrambling to give their apparently moribund perspective new life. But beyond the rise and fall of the EKC, there remains a second-order question and decades of data: how do the theoretical perspectives of these contenders shape what their protagonists do and don't see? How have they mistaken episodes of "talking past each other" for genuine dialogue? Which perspective has had the biggest impact on the other's way of thinking? A qualitative and quantitative analysis compares the top-ranking journals in economics with interdisciplinary journals of environmental economics revealing a categorical divergence in the types of critical thought deployed in the EKC debate over an almost 15 year period. The few articles appearing in the top ranking economic journals systematically fail to grasp the fundamentals of ecology which is evident in both their measurements and conclusions. I offer an abridged discussion of the critiques socio-ecology presents contemporary economics as what, in Kuhnian terminology, may well be described as a discipline in the crisis moment of a paradigm shift in no particular direction. I then conclude by siding with Habermas and Adorno against Popper's ideologically impoverished "falsifactionism": progress in science depends as much on a theory of ideological critique as it does on the acquisition of technical knowledge. My intent has been to argue that ideological critique is empirically possible as the history of thought.

The Environmental Kuznets Curve Model for Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Canada

The Environmental Kuznets Curve Model for Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Canada
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Abstract: This paper tests for the applicability of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis at the Canadian and provincial/territorial levels using greenhouse gas emissions as an indicator for environmental degradation. The hypothesis is tested using provincial and territorial panel data from 1990 to 2014. The results vary depending on the econometric estimation method. The pooled regression results are mixed, with the EKC hypothesis confirmed at the Canadian level and in half of the provinces and territories. However, the fixed-effects regression results confirm the EKC hypothesis at the Canadian level and in all provinces and territories. The results also highlight the significance of technological change and province/territory specific characteristics in determining the level of greenhouse gas emissions. Highlights: Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis is tested for Canada. EKC hypothesis is confirmed at the Canadian national level and some provinces. Technological change determines level of greenhouse gas emissions.

Revisiting the Environmental Kuznet's Curve in the Presence of Trade

Revisiting the Environmental Kuznet's Curve in the Presence of Trade
  • Author : Biva Arani Mallik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :119
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : In my research I have investigated the impact of trade on the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). I investigate the impact on the level and curvature of the EKC by varying the degree of export and import. In my first paper, I have revisited the Andreoni and Levinson (2001) model in the presence of trade. In their original work, they conclude that the desired relationship between pollution and income can be traced only when there exists increasing returns to abatement technology. I have built upon the model by introducing trade and heterogeneity in abatement technology. I conclude when pollution sources from production and countries engage in trade, increasing returns to abatement technology no longer remains a necessary condition for a country to experience the EKC. When countries experience CRS or DRS, engaging in trade with countries with IRS enables them to attain the EKC. This however is possible only in the case of transboundary pollutants. For my second paper, I look at the impact of trade on the multi-country framework of EKC developed by Diamantoudi and Filippiadis (2010). Introducing trade shows that pollution dependence among countries can exist even when the nature of pollutants is local in addition to the case of global pollutants. Results show that the impact of trade is more favorable for local pollutants both for the shape of the EKC and the scope for pollution substitution. My third paper is an extension of my second paper where I investigate the impact of trade on the multi-country framework when technology is heterogeneous. When countries of different levels of technology engage in trade with each other, it is found that the relative level of technology has an impact on the scope of pollution substitution as well as the EKC. Results of this paper reveal that when the level of technology of the foreign country is better, engaging in imports, and when the level of technology of the home country is better, engaging in exports helps the scope of pollution substitution as well as the shape of EKC.

Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development

Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development
  • Author : Todor Panaĭotov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :27
  • ISBN : 9789221087960
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Summary :

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Capital in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : Thomas Piketty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-14
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 0674979850
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Summary : The main driver of inequality—returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth—is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values. Thomas Piketty’s findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality.

Economic Growth and Environmental Quality

Economic Growth and Environmental Quality
  • Author : Nemat Shafik,Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :50
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Natural Resources and Economic Development

Natural Resources and Economic Development
  • Author : Edward B. Barbier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-14
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780521706513
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Summary : A comprehensive analysis of natural resource use and economic development in poor countries, first published in 2005.

Green Cities

Green Cities
  • Author : Matthew E. Kahn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-01
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 0815748140
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Summary : What is a green city? What does it mean to say that San Francisco or Vancouver is more "green" than Houston or Beijing? When does urban growth lower environmental quality, and when does it yield environmental gains? How can cities deal with the environmental challenges posed by growth? These are the questions Matthew Kahn takes on in this smart and engaging book. Written in a lively, accessible style, Green Cities takes the reader on a tour of the extensive economic literature on the environmental consequences of urban growth. Kahn starts with an exploration of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)—the hypothesis that the relationship between environmental quality and per capita income follows a bell-shaped curve. He then analyzes several critiques of the EKC and discusses the implications of growth in urban population and surface area, as well as income. The concluding chapter addresses the role of cities in promoting climate change and asks how cities in turn are likely to be affected by this trend. As Kahn points out, although economics is known as the "dismal science," economists are often quite optimistic about the relationship between urban development and the environment. In contrast, many ecologists and environmentalists remain wary of the environmental consequences of free-market growth. Rather than try to settle this dispute, this book conveys the excitement of an ongoing debate. Green Cities does not provide easy answers complex dilemmas. It does something more important—it provides the tools readers need to analyze these issues on their own.

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : Gene M. Grossman,Alan B. Krueger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :39
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : In general, a reduction in trade barriers will affect the environment by expanding the scale of economic activity, by altering the composition of economic activity and by initiating a change in the techniques of production. We present empirical evidence to assess the relative magnitudes of these three effects as they apply to further trade liberalization in Mexico. We first use comparable measures of three air pollutants in a cross-section of urban areas located in 42 countries to study the relationship between air quality and economic growth. We find for two pollutants (sulphur dioxide and 'smoke') that concentrations increase with per capita GDP at low levels of national income, but decrease with GDP growth at higher levels of income. We then study the determinants of the industry pattern of US imports from Mexico and of value added by Mexico's maquiladora sector. We investigate whether the size of pollution abatement costs in US industry influences the pattern of international trade and investment. Finally, we use the results from a computable general equilibrium model to study the likely compositional effect of a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on pollution in Mexico.

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia

The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia
  • Author : Shunsuke Managi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-11
  • Total pages :668
  • ISBN : 1317597877
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Summary : Problems of climate change, biodiversity and air pollution are clearly growing globally, but more particularly in Asia because of its economic importance and richness in nature. The increasing interest in environmental and resource economics applied in regions of Asia will make this book an outstanding resource to the existing literature, particularly in the fields of environmental and resource economics and the integration of applied content in traditional and agricultural development. At present there is no single handbook or text on the state of current knowledge in environmental economics in Asia or one which offers a comprehensive guide to students and academics on the subjects of environmental economics research. This book will help to fill the gap in the existing literature.

The Economics of Sustainable Development

The Economics of Sustainable Development
  • Author : Aaron L. Halpern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-02-24
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 9780521469579
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Summary : Examines the implication for orthodox economic theory of explicitly considering resource depletion, pollution abatement and sustainability.

Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability

Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability
  • Author : Paul Ekins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-01-04
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 113468939X
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Summary : A key area of public policy in the last twenty years is the question of how, and how much, to protect vthe environment. At the heart of this has been the heated debate over the nature of the relationship between economic growth and environmental sustainability. Is environemental sustainability economic growth or `green growth', a contradiction in terms? Avoiding the confusion that often surrounds these issues, Ekins provides rigorous expositions of the concept of sustainability, integrated environmental and economic accounting, the Environmental Kuznets Curve, the economics of climate change and environmental taxation. Individual chapters are organised as self-contained, state-of-the-art expositions of the core issues of environmental economics, with extensive cross-referencing from one chapter to another, in order to guide the student or policy-maker through these complex problems. Paul Ekins breaks new ground in defining the conditions of compatibility between economic growth and environmental sustainability, and provides measures and criteria by which the environmental sustainability of economic growth, as it occurs in the real world, may be judged. It is argued that `green growth' is not only theoretically possible but economically achievable and the authors show what environmental and economic policies are required to achieve this. Economic Growth and Environmental Sustainability will be welcolmed by students of and researchers in environmental economics and environmental studies, as well as all interested policy-makers.