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Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)
  • Author : Burcu Özcan,Ilhan Öztürk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-13
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9780128167960
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Summary : Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): A Manual provides a comprehensive summary of the EKC, summarizing work on this economic tool that can analyze environmental pollution problems. By enabling users to reconcile environmental and economic development policies, Environmental Kuznets Curve studies lend themselves to the investigation of the energy-growth and finance-energy nexus. The book obviates a dependence on outmoded tools, such as carrying capacity, externalities, ecosystem valuation and cost benefit analysis, while also encouraging flexible approaches to a variety of challenges. Provides a comprehensive summary of EKC studies, including advances in econometrics, literature reviews and historical perspectives Outlines solutions to common problems in applying EKC techniques by reviewing major case studies Explores frequently-utilized proxies for environmental quality

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)

Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)
  • Author : Burcu Ozcan,Ilhan Ozturk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780128167977
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Summary : Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC): A Manual provides a comprehensive summary of the EKC, summarizing work on this economic tool that can analyze environmental pollution problems. By enabling users to reconcile environmental and economic development policies, Environmental Kuznets Curve studies lend themselves to the investigation of the energy-growth and finance-energy nexus. The book obviates a dependence on outmoded tools, such as carrying capacity, externalities, ecosystem valuation and cost benefit analysis, while also encouraging flexible approaches to a variety of challenges. Provides a comprehensive summary of EKC studies, including advances in econometrics, literature reviews and historical perspectives Outlines solutions to common problems in applying EKC techniques by reviewing major case studies Explores frequently-utilized proxies for environmental quality

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis and Carbon Dioxide Emissions
  • Author : Katsuhisa Uchiyama
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-13
  • Total pages :63
  • ISBN : 9784431559214
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Summary : This book investigates the relationship between environmental degradation and income, focusing on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from around the world, to explore the possibility of sustainable development under global warming. Although many researchers have tackled this problem by estimating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC), unlike the approach to sulfur dioxide emissions, there seems to be little consensus about whether EKC is formed with regard to CO2 emissions. Thus, EKC is one of the most controversial issues in the field of environmental economics. This book contributes three points with academic rigor. First, an unbalanced panel dataset containing over 150 countries with the latest CO2 emission data between 1960 and 2010 is constructed. Second, based on this dataset, the CO2 emission–income relationship is analyzed using strict econometric methods such as the dynamic panel model. Third, as it is often pointed out that some factors other than income affect CO2 emission, several variables were added to the estimation model to examine the effects of changes of industrial structure, energy composition, and overseas trade on CO2 emission.

Possible Causes of the Environmental Kuznets Curve

Possible Causes of the Environmental Kuznets Curve
  • Author : Christoph Lieb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 3039103385
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Summary : The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a hypothesis stating that pollution rises with income at low levels of income but falls at higher income levels. If this hypothesis were true, economic growth would finally be good for the environment. But is this hypothesis correct? For which pollutants does the EKC exist and for which pollutants is the pollution-income relationship monotonically rising? Why does the EKC hypothesis apply to some, but not to other pollutants? The author first surveys the empirical and theoretical literature. He also analyses which theoretical causes of the EKC are empirically validated. After introducing a method for solving static models with milder assumptions about the ordinal, instead of the cardinal utility function, the author offers further explanations of the EKC. In one static and in two dynamic models he analyses the (intertemporal) choice between consumption and abatement. He also explores an overlapping generations model with two pollutants. From this analysis conclusions about the pollution-income relationship for different types of pollutants are drawn. These conclusions are especially important for policy-makers.

Cracking Economics

Cracking Economics
  • Author : Tejvan Pettinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-25
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781844039760
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Summary : Crack the world of money and understand the economic theory that has shaped nations and influenced the way you live now. From Keynesian models to how inflation affects interest rates, Cracking Economics will make the seemingly complex world of global finance easily understood. Subjects covered include: -Macro- and micro-economics -Inflation -Recession -Economic forecasting -How stock markets work -Globalisation -Labour markets -The credit crunch -Keynesian theory -Conceptual economics -The Euro An accessible, comprehensive and fully illustrated guide to this fascinating field, Cracking Economics will get you conversing on currency and discussing the deficit with the best of them.

Green Cities

Green Cities
  • Author : Matthew E. Kahn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-01
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780815748144
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Summary : What is a green city? What does it mean to say that San Francisco or Vancouver is more "green" than Houston or Beijing? When does urban growth lower environmental quality, and when does it yield environmental gains? How can cities deal with the environmental challenges posed by growth? These are the questions Matthew Kahn takes on in this smart and engaging book. Written in a lively, accessible style, Green Cities takes the reader on a tour of the extensive economic literature on the environmental consequences of urban growth. Kahn starts with an exploration of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC)—the hypothesis that the relationship between environmental quality and per capita income follows a bell-shaped curve. He then analyzes several critiques of the EKC and discusses the implications of growth in urban population and surface area, as well as income. The concluding chapter addresses the role of cities in promoting climate change and asks how cities in turn are likely to be affected by this trend. As Kahn points out, although economics is known as the "dismal science," economists are often quite optimistic about the relationship between urban development and the environment. In contrast, many ecologists and environmentalists remain wary of the environmental consequences of free-market growth. Rather than try to settle this dispute, this book conveys the excitement of an ongoing debate. Green Cities does not provide easy answers complex dilemmas. It does something more important—it provides the tools readers need to analyze these issues on their own.

Natural Resources and Economic Development

Natural Resources and Economic Development
  • Author : Edward B. Barbier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-19
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781107179264
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Summary : The second edition of this landmark book explores how natural resources contribute to development in poor economies.

Industrial Policy and Sustainable Growth

Industrial Policy and Sustainable Growth
  • Author : Murat A. Yülek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-23
  • Total pages :626
  • ISBN : 9811057400
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Summary : This volume looks at the critical issues of industrial policy and sustainability. It assesses the gap between how developed and developing countries have integrated sustainability issues in their industrial policies, and how they should have ideally done so. The book looks at the specific issues of middle income trap, levels of industrialization and the distribution of manufacturing activities among nations, and presents analysis of sector and country specific policy case studies in areas such as health, energy, medical devices, aviation, automobile manufacturing. The volume also examines trade policies and their impact on industry and environment, and elaborate on how industrial policies involve selective direct and indirect sectoral policies which play a role in assisting policy makers manage objectives of catch up and sustainability.

Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Capital in the Twenty-First Century
  • Author : Thomas Piketty
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-14
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780674979857
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Summary : The main driver of inequality—returns on capital that exceed the rate of economic growth—is again threatening to generate extreme discontent and undermine democratic values. Thomas Piketty’s findings in this ambitious, original, rigorous work will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about wealth and inequality.

Handbook on Trade and the Environment

Handbook on Trade and the Environment
  • Author : Kevin Gallagher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-01
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781848446045
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Summary : Handbook on Trade and the Environment is a good source for those looking for a better understanding of political issues, of legal debates, and of the state of discussion between government, industry, NGO, and private sector groups on topics that are not often treated elsewhere. Judith M. Dean, World Trade Review I would recommend the book to anyone concerned with the interaction of trade and the environment. John Goodier, Reference Reviews In this comprehensive reference work, Kevin Gallagher has compiled a fresh and broad-ranging collection of expert voices commenting on the interdisciplinary field of trade and the environment. For over two decades policymakers and scholars have been struggling to understand the relationship between international trade in a globalizing world and its effects on the natural environment. The authors in this Handbook provide the tools to do just that. The editor s well-worked introduction synthesizes the emerging themes of the collection, which is divided into three sections: trade and environmental quality, trade and environmental politics, and trade and environmental policy. Topics include the extent to which trade liberalization creates pollution havens where dirty industries flock to poorer countries with lax environmental standards, and conversely, how multinational corporations bring cleaner environmental technologies to developing countries when they choose to move abroad. The volume also addresses the extent to which national environmental policy and/or global environmental agreements clash with the emerging rules of the World Trade Organization and whether such environmental policies hinder export competitiveness. Finally, numerous political economy analyses of the complex political coalitions that arise to adapt to and mitigate changes in trade and environmental policy are provided. In addition to broader overviews of the field, in-depth case studies of nations and regions are offered, including the United States, the European Union, China, India and Mexico as well East Asia, Latin America, and Africa. The volume will serve as a guide for scholars new to the field as well as students and policy-makers needing a quick reference to the research on the interface between trade and the environment.

An Empirical Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis for the Ecological Footprint

An Empirical Analysis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) Hypothesis for the Ecological Footprint
  • Author : Moonsun Youn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1134646279
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Summary :

Economic Growth and Environmental Quality

Economic Growth and Environmental Quality
  • Author : Nemat Shafik,Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :50
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development

Empirical Tests and Policy Analysis of Environmental Degradation at Different Stages of Economic Development
  • Author : Todor Panaĭotov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :27
  • ISBN : 9221087964
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Summary :

Assessment of Energy–Environment–Economy Interrelations

Assessment of Energy–Environment–Economy Interrelations
  • Author : George E. Halkos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-27
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9783039288090
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Summary : Energy consumption and economic growth have been of great interest to researchers and policy-makers. Knowing the actual causal relationship between energy and the economy with respect to environmental degradation has important implications for modeling environmental and growth policies. The eleven chapters included herein aim to help researchers, academicians, and especially decision-makers to understand relevant issues and adopt appropriate methods to tackle and solve relevant environmental problems. Various methods from different disciplines are proposed and applied to various environmental and energy issues.

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement
  • Author : Gene M. Grossman,Alan B. Krueger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :39
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007843683
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Summary : In general, a reduction in trade barriers will affect the environment by expanding the scale of economic activity, by altering the composition of economic activity and by initiating a change in the techniques of production. We present empirical evidence to assess the relative magnitudes of these three effects as they apply to further trade liberalization in Mexico. We first use comparable measures of three air pollutants in a cross-section of urban areas located in 42 countries to study the relationship between air quality and economic growth. We find for two pollutants (sulphur dioxide and 'smoke') that concentrations increase with per capita GDP at low levels of national income, but decrease with GDP growth at higher levels of income. We then study the determinants of the industry pattern of US imports from Mexico and of value added by Mexico's maquiladora sector. We investigate whether the size of pollution abatement costs in US industry influences the pattern of international trade and investment. Finally, we use the results from a computable general equilibrium model to study the likely compositional effect of a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on pollution in Mexico.

Environmental Kuznets Curves

Environmental Kuznets Curves
  • Author : Michael P. Vogel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :201
  • ISBN : 9783642585173
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Summary : Environmental Kuznets Curves - one of the most controversial issues of current environmental economics - suggest that economic growth may lead to environmental quality improvements. Why and under which circumstances this may be so, are the questions addressed in this book. The approach taken is formal, using techniques of static and dynamic optimisation. In addition, the main assumptions, arguments and conclusions are also presented in a non-formel way.

The Economics of Sustainable Development

The Economics of Sustainable Development
  • Author : Aaron L. Halpern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-02-24
  • Total pages :314
  • ISBN : 0521469570
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Summary : Examines the implication for orthodox economic theory of explicitly considering resource depletion, pollution abatement and sustainability.

Income Distribution in Historical Perspective

Income Distribution in Historical Perspective
  • Author : Yehojachin Simon Brenner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-10-03
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 0521356474
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Summary : In this volume a distinguished team of international contributors consider some of the central long-term issues raised by the problem of income distribution. The Kuznets curve--i.e. the notion that income distribution became increasingly unequal during the period of industrialization, and progressively less unequal during the twentieth century--lies at the center of much of the analysis, and its relevance is discussed in a wide-ranging series of articles covering the British, Belgian, German, Australian, Austrian and American experiences. This volume is the first in many years to take such a broad, comparative approach to income distribution, and makes an important and authoritative contribution to an area of perennial debate.

Industrial Pollution in Economic Development

Industrial Pollution in Economic Development
  • Author : Hemamala Hettige,Muthukumara Mani,David Wheeler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :36
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

More from Less

More from Less
  • Author : Andrew McAfee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-13
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781982103583
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Summary : From the coauthor of the New York Times bestseller The Second Machine Age, a paradigm-shifting argument “full of fascinating information and provocative insights” (Publishers Weekly, starred review)—demonstrating that we are increasing prosperity while using fewer natural resources. Throughout history, the only way for humanity to grow was by degrading the Earth: chopping down forests, polluting the air and water, and endlessly using up resources. Since the first Earth Day in 1970, the focus has been on radically changing course: reducing our consumption, tightening our belts, and learning to share and reuse. Is that argument correct? Absolutely not. In More from Less, McAfee argues that to solve our ecological problems we should do the opposite of what a decade of conventional wisdom suggests. Rather than reduce and conserve, we should rely on the cost-consciousness built into capitalism and the streamlining miracles of technology to create a more efficient world. America—a large, high-tech country that accounts for about 25% of the global economy—is now generally using less of most resources year after year, even as its economy and population continue to grow. What’s more, the US is polluting the air and water less, emitting fewer greenhouse gases, and replenishing endangered animal populations. And, as McAfee shows, America is not alone. Other countries are also transforming themselves in fundamental ways. What has made this turnabout possible? One thing, primarily: the collaboration between technology and capitalism, although good governance and public awareness have also been critical. McAfee does warn of issues that haven’t been solved, like global warming, overfishing, and communities left behind as capitalism and tech progress race forward. But overall, More from Less is a revelatory and “deeply engaging” (Booklist) account of how we’ve stumbled into an unexpectedly better balance with nature—one that holds out the promise of more abundant and greener centuries ahead.

Advances in Panel Data Analysis in Applied Economic Research

Advances in Panel Data Analysis in Applied Economic Research
  • Author : Nicholas Tsounis,Aspasia Vlachvei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-03
  • Total pages :705
  • ISBN : 9783319700557
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Summary : This proceedings volume presents new methods and applications in applied economic research with an emphasis on advances in panel data analysis. Featuring papers presented at the 2017 International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE) held at Coventry University, this volume provides current research on econometric panel data methodologies as they are applied in microeconomics, macroeconomics, financial economics and agricultural economics. International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE) is an annual conference that started in 2008 designed to bring together economists from different fields of applied economic research in order to share methods and ideas. Applied economics is a rapidly growing field of economics that combines economic theory with econometrics to analyse economic problems of the real world usually with economic policy interest. In addition, there is growing interest in the field for panel data estimation methods, tests and techniques. This volume makes a contribution in the field of applied economic research in this area. Featuring country specific studies, this book will be of interest to academics, students, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers in applied economics and economic policy.