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Environmental Modelling, Software and Decision Support

Environmental Modelling, Software and Decision Support
  • Author : Anthony J. Jakeman,Alexey A. Voinov,Andrea E. Rizzoli,Serena H. Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-11
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 0080915302
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Summary : The complex and multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems requires that they are dealt with in an integrated manner. Modeling and software have become key instruments used to promote sustainability and improve environmental decision processes, especially through systematic integration of various knowledge and data and their ability to foster learning and help make predictions. This book presents the current state-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software and identifies the future challenges in the field. State-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software theory and practice for integrated assessment and management serves as a starting point for researchers Identifies the areas of research and practice required for advancing the requisite knowledge base and tools, and their wider usage Best practices of environmental modeling enables the reader to select appropriate software and gives the reader tools to integrate natural system dynamics with human dimensions

Environmental Modelling, Software and Decision Support

Environmental Modelling, Software and Decision Support
  • Author : Anthony J. Jakeman,Alexey A. Voinov,Andrea E. Rizzoli,Serena H. Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-11
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 0080915302
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Summary : The complex and multidisciplinary nature of environmental problems requires that they are dealt with in an integrated manner. Modeling and software have become key instruments used to promote sustainability and improve environmental decision processes, especially through systematic integration of various knowledge and data and their ability to foster learning and help make predictions. This book presents the current state-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software and identifies the future challenges in the field. State-of-the-art in environmental modeling and software theory and practice for integrated assessment and management serves as a starting point for researchers Identifies the areas of research and practice required for advancing the requisite knowledge base and tools, and their wider usage Best practices of environmental modeling enables the reader to select appropriate software and gives the reader tools to integrate natural system dynamics with human dimensions

GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering

GIS Environmental Modelling and Engineering
  • Author : Allan Brimicombe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-29
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0415259231
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Summary : The significance of modeling in managing the environment is well recognized from scientific and engineering perspectives as well as in the political arena. Environmental concerns and issues of sustainability have permeated both public and private sectors, particularly the need to predict, assess and mitigate against adverse impacts that arise from continuing development and use of resources. Students need to be made aware of these issues. Practitioners should enrich their knowledge and skills in these areas. This book focuses on the modeling, rather than on data collection or visualization.

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
  • Author : Keith Beven
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781498717977
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Summary : Uncertainty in the predictions of science when applied to the environment is an issue of great current relevance in relation to the impacts of climate change, protecting against natural and man-made disasters, pollutant transport and sustainable resource management. However, it is often ignored both by scientists and decision makers, or interpreted as a conflict or disagreement between scientists. This is not necessarily the case, the scientists might well agree, but their predictions would still be uncertain and knowledge of that uncertainty might be important in decision making. Environmental Modelling: An Uncertain Future? introduces students, scientists and decision makers to: the different concepts and techniques of uncertainty estimation in environmental prediction the philosophical background to different concepts of uncertainty the constraint of uncertainties by the collection of observations and data assimilation in real-time forecasting techniques for decision making under uncertainty. This book will be relevant to environmental modellers, practitioners and decision makers in hydrology, hydraulics, ecology, meteorology and oceanography, geomorphology, geochemistry, soil science, pollutant transport and climate change. A companion website for the book can be found at www.uncertain-future.org.uk

Decision Support Systems in Agriculture, Food and the Environment: Trends, Applications and Advances

Decision Support Systems in Agriculture, Food and the Environment: Trends, Applications and Advances
  • Author : Manos, Basil,Matsatsinis, Nikolaos,Paparrizos, Konstantinos,Papathanasiou, Jason
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-30
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9781615208821
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Summary : As national and international concern over sustainable resources becomes more prevalent, the need for decision support systems (DSS) increases. The applicable uses of a successful system can assist in the sustainability of resources, as well as the efficiency and management of the agri-environment industry. Decision Support Systems in Agriculture, Food and the Environment: Trends, Applications and Advances presents the development of DSS for managing agricultural and environmental systems, focusing on the exposition of innovative methodologies, from web-mobile systems to artificial intelligence and knowledge-based DSS, as well as their applications in every aspect from harvest planning to international food production and land management. This book provides an in depth look into the growing importance of DSS in agriculture.

Knowledge-Based Software Engineering

Knowledge-Based Software Engineering
  • Author : Alla Kravets,Maxim Shcherbakov,Marina Kultsova,Tadashi Iijima
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-26
  • Total pages :749
  • ISBN : 9783319118543
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th Joint Conference on Knowledge-Based Software-Engineering, JCKBSE 2014, held in Volgograd, Russia, in September 2014. The 59 full and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 197 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on methodology and tools for knowledge discovery and data mining; methods and tools for software engineering education; knowledge technologies for semantic web and ontology engineering; knowledge-based methods and tools for testing, verification and validation, maintenance and evolution; natural language processing, image analysis and recognition; knowledge-based methods and applications in information security, robotics and navigation; decision support methods for software engineering; architecture of knowledge-based systems, including intelligent agents and softbots; automating software design and synthesis; knowledge management for business processes, workflows and enterprise modeling; knowledge-based methods and applications in bioscience, medicine and justice; knowledge-based requirements engineering, domain analysis and modeling; intelligent user interfaces and human-machine interaction; lean software engineering; program understanding, programming knowledge, modeling programs and programmers.

GIS for Environmental Decision-Making

GIS for Environmental Decision-Making
  • Author : Andrew A. Lovett,Katy Appleton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-19
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781420007466
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Summary : Environmental applications have long been a core use of GIS. However, the effectiveness of GIS-based methods depends on the decision-making frameworks and contexts within which they are employed. GIS for Environmental Decision-Making takes an interdisciplinary look at the capacities of GIS to integrate, analyze, and display data on which decisions must be based. It provides a broad prospective on the current state of GIS for environmental decision-making and emphasizes the importance of matters related to data, analysis, and modeling tools, as well as stakeholder participation. The book is divided into three sections, which effectively relate to three key aspects of the decision-making process as supported by GIS: data required, tools being developed, and aspects of participation. The first section stresses the ability to integrate data from different sources as a defining characteristic of GIS and illustrates the benefits that this can bring in the context of deriving land-use and other information. The second section discusses a range of issues concerning the use of GIS for suitability mapping and strategic planning exercises, through illustrative examples. The last section of the book focuses on the use of GIS-based techniques to facilitate public participation in decision-making processes. In particular, it provides an overview of developments in this area, concentrating on how GIS, modeling, and 3D landscape visualization techniques are gradually achieving closer integration. Given the complex challenges presented by global environmental change, GIS for Environmental Decision-Making provides a clear illustration of how the use of GIS can make significant contributions to trans-disciplinary initiatives to address environmental problems.

Environmental Decision Support Systems

Environmental Decision Support Systems
  • Author : Giorgio Guariso,H. Werthner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0745802559
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Summary :

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Spatial Decision Support Systems
  • Author : Ramanathan Sugumaran,John Degroote
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-15
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 1420062123
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Summary : Although interest in Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS) continues to grow rapidly in a wide range of disciplines, students, planners, managers, and the research community have lacked a book that covers the fundamentals of SDSS along with the advanced design concepts required for building SDSS. Filling this need, Spatial Decision Support Systems: Principles and Practices provides a comprehensive examination of the various aspects of SDSS evolution, components, architecture, and implementation. It integrates research from a variety of disciplines, including the geosciences, to supply a complete overview of SDSS technologies and their application from an interdisciplinary perspective. This groundbreaking reference provides thorough coverage of the roots of SDSS. It explains the core principles of SDSS, how to use them in various decision making contexts, and how to design and develop them using readily available enabling technologies and commercial tools. The book consists of four major parts, each addressing different topic areas in SDSS: Presents an introduction to SDSS and the evolution of SDSS Covers the essential and optional components of SDSS Focuses on the design and implementation of SDSS Reviews SDSS applications from various domains and disciplines—investigating current challenges and future directions The text includes numerous detailed case studies, example applications, and methods for tailoring SDSS to your work environment. It also integrates sample code segments throughout. Addressing the technical and organizational challenges that affect the success or failure of SDSS, the book concludes by considering future directions of this rapidly emerging field of study.

Integrated Environmental Modelling to Solve Real World Problems

Integrated Environmental Modelling to Solve Real World Problems
  • Author : A.T. Riddick,H. Kessler,J.R.A. Giles
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-10
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9781862396876
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Summary : The discipline of Integrated Environmental Modelling (IEM) has developed in order to solve complex environmental problems, for example understanding the impacts of climate change on the physical environment. IEM provides methods to fuse or link models together, this in turn requires facilities to make models discoverable and also to make the outputs of modelling easily visualized. The vision and challenges for IEM going forward are summarized by leading proponents. Several case studies describe the application of model fusion to a range of real-world problems including integrating groundwater and recharge models within the UK Environment Agency, and the development of ‘catastrophe’ models to predict better the impact of natural hazards. Communicating modelling results to end users who are often not specialist modellers is also an emerging area of research addressed within the volume. Also included are papers that highlight current developments of the technology platforms underpinning model fusion.

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making

Models in Environmental Regulatory Decision Making
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Models in the Regulatory Decision Process
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-25
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 0309178924
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Summary : Many regulations issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are based on the results of computer models. Models help EPA explain environmental phenomena in settings where direct observations are limited or unavailable, and anticipate the effects of agency policies on the environment, human health and the economy. Given the critical role played by models, the EPA asked the National Research Council to assess scientific issues related to the agency's selection and use of models in its decisions. The book recommends a series of guidelines and principles for improving agency models and decision-making processes. The centerpiece of the book's recommended vision is a life-cycle approach to model evaluation which includes peer review, corroboration of results, and other activities. This will enhance the agency's ability to respond to requirements from a 2001 law on information quality and improve policy development and implementation.

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
  • Author : John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-22
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781118351482
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Summary : Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Environmental Modeling with Stakeholders

Environmental Modeling with Stakeholders
  • Author : Steven Gray,Michael Paolisso,Rebecca Jordan,Stefan Gray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-16
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9783319250533
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Summary : This volume brings together, in a central text, chapters written by leading scholars working at the intersection of modeling, the natural and social sciences, and public participation. This book presents the current state of knowledge regarding the theory and practice of engaging stakeholders in environmental modeling for decision-making, and includes basic theoretical considerations, an overview of methods and tools available, and case study examples of these principles and methods in practice. Although there has been a significant increase in research and development regarding participatory modeling, a unifying text that provides an overview of the different methodologies available to scholars and a systematic review of case study applications has been largely unavailable. This edited volume seeks to address a gap in the literature and provide a primer that addresses the growing demand to adopt and apply a range of modeling methods that includes the public in environmental assessment and management. The book is divided into two main sections. The first part of the book covers basic considerations for including stakeholders in the modeling process and its intersection with the theory and practice of public participation in environmental decision-making. The second part of the book is devoted to specific applications and products of the various methods available through case study examination. This second part of the book also provides insight from several international experts currently working in the field about their approaches, types of interactions with stakeholders, models produced, and the challenges they perceived based on their practical experiences.

Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling

Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling
  • Author : Keith W. Little
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-25
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781439887974
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Summary : Environmental Fate and Transport Analysis with Compartment Modeling explains how to use the powerful, highly flexible, and intuitive compartment approach to estimate the distribution of chemical contaminants in environmental media in time and space. Add this Easy-to-Use Approach to Your Environmental Modeling Toolbox This numerical technique enables readers to easily develop the equations that describe complex environmental problems by assembling the equations out of compartmental building blocks. The compartments may describe spatial subunits of single- or multi-environmental media, and the way one hooks them together implicitly provides the dimensionality of the problem. With this approach, assembling the equations to describe chemical fate and transport in a three-dimensional, multimedia system is fundamentally no more challenging than a one-dimensional, single-medium problem. Go Beyond "Black Box" Modeling with the Flexible GEM Software The book includes access to the Generic Environmental Model (GEM), a new software package developed by the author. This software implements the compartment approach based on user-prepared input files and solves the resulting mathematical equations. It allows readers to solve linear, nonlinear, and steady-state problems and offers four methods for solving dynamic problems. Each solution technique is reviewed, along with the error properties and the criteria for avoiding or minimizing numerical errors. The book also describes solution techniques and the underlying mathematical theory for solving nonlinear systems. Compartment Modeling from the Ground Up, Made Accessible to Non-Mathematicians A user-friendly introduction to environmental compartment modeling for the beginning modeler, this is also a useful resource for the experienced modeler. It combines a reference on compartment modeling with a user’s guide to the GEM. Throughout, the GEM is used to illustrate the theory with numerous examples, while the theoretical discussions illuminate the GEM’s functionality.

Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
  • Author : John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-08
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780470091548
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Summary :

Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands

Ecological Modelling and Engineering of Lakes and Wetlands
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-04
  • Total pages :720
  • ISBN : 9780444632555
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Summary : Ecological modelling has developed rapidly in recent decades, with the focus primarily on the restoration of lakes and wetlands. Ecological Modelling and Engineering in Lakes and Wetlands presents the progress being made in modelling for a wealth of applications. It covers the older biogeochemical models still in use today, structurally dynamic models, 3D models, biophysical models, entire watershed models, and ecotoxicological models, as well as the expansion of modeling to the Arctic and Antarctic climate-zones. The book also addresses modelling the effect of climate change, including the development of ecological models for addressing storm water pond issues, which are increasingly important in urban regions where more concentrated rainfalls are a consequence of climate change. The ecological engineering topics covered in the book also emphasize the advancements being made in applying ecological engineering regimes for better environmental management of lakes and wetlands. Examines recent progress towards a better understanding of these two important ecosystems Presents new results and approaches that can be used to develop better models Discusses how to increase the synergistic effect between ecosystems engineering and modelling

Soil Remediation

Soil Remediation
  • Author : Lukas Aachen,Paul Eichmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : PSU:000067148691
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Summary : Soil remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil and groundwater. This book presents new research the contamination of building materials with chemicals, which occurs as a result of storage, spills, and also catastrophic floods and hurricanes. Included in this book is an analysis and comparison of three protocols for the removal of chemicals trapped within building materials. The substantial economic consequences of heavy metal contamination in ecosystems, which poses major environmental problems world-wide, are presented as well. This book discusses the use of plants to remove or immobilise contaminants as a potentially safe and low cost method for the remediation of metal contaminated soil. Membrane techniques applied in water treatment from soil remediation are also reviewed and discussed with the aim to remove and/or recover metals and recycle water.

Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling

Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling
  • Author : A W Jayawardena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-21
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780415465328
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Summary : Mathematical modelling has become an indispensable tool for engineers, scientists, planners, decision makers and many other professionals to make predictions of future scenarios as well as real impending events. As the modelling approach and the model to be used are problem specific, no single model or approach can be used to solve all problems, and there are constraints in each situation. Modellers therefore need to have a choice when confronted with constraints such as lack of sufficient data, resources, expertise and time. Environmental and Hydrological Systems Modelling provides the tools needed by presenting different approaches to modelling the water environment over a range of spatial and temporal scales. Their applications are shown with a series of case studies, taken mainly from the Asia-Pacific Region. Coverage includes: Population dynamics Reaction kinetics Water quality systems Longitudinal dispersion Time series analysis and forecasting Artificial neural networks Fractals and chaos Dynamical systems Support vector machines Fuzzy logic systems Genetic algorithms and genetic programming This book will be of great value to advanced students, professionals, academics and researchers working in the water environment.

Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2012 Edition
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-10
  • Total pages :822
  • ISBN : 9781481645461
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Summary : Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environmental Research. The editors have built Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environmental Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environmental Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Monitoring, Simulation, and Management of Visitor Landscapes

Monitoring, Simulation, and Management of Visitor Landscapes
  • Author : Howard Randal Gimblett,Hans Skov-Peterson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :449
  • ISBN : 0816527296
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Summary : "Conventional methods used in the planning and management of human-landscape interactions fall far short of the needs of today s land management professionals. Monitoring, Simulation, and Management of Visitor Landscapes presents a growing body of applied research that provides decision makers with tools to maintain the ecological integrity of public places by evaluating the impacts of humans in various landscapes across space and time." "This will help land managers and policy makers construct strategies for evaluating interactions between humans and the environment and expand the model of land management to include social and geographic, as well as environmental, factors."--Jacket.

Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics

Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics
  • Author : Alexey A. Voinov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-27
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0080886175
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Summary : Modeling is a key component to sciences from mathematics to life science, including environmental and ecological studies. By looking at the underlying concepts of the software, we can make sure that we build mathematically feasible models and that we get the most out of the data and information that we have. Systems Science and Modeling for Ecological Economics shows how models can be analyzed using simple math and software to generate meaningful qualitative descriptions of system dynamics. This book shows that even without a full analytical, mathematically rigorous analysis of the equations, there may be ways to derive some qualitative understanding of the general behavior of a system. By relating some of the modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples the book illustrates how these approaches can help understand concepts such as sustainability, peak oil, adaptive management, optimal harvest and other practical applications. Relates modeling approaches and systems theory to real-world examples Teaches students to build mathematically feasible models and get the most out of the data and information available Wide range of applications in hydrology, population dynamics, market cycles, sustainability theory, management, and more