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Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
  • Author : Klaus Froehlich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-23
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0080913296
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Summary : Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

TENR - Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

TENR - Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation
  • Author : Anselmo Salles Paschoa,F. Steinhausler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-31
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 0080914187
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Summary : This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Tropical Radioecology

Tropical Radioecology
  • Author : John R. Twining
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780080450162
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Summary : Tropical Radioecology is a guide to the wide range of scientific practices and principles of this multidisciplinary field. It brings together past and present studies in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet, highlighting the unique aspects of tropical systems. Until recently, radioecological models for tropical environments have depended upon data derived from temperate environments, despite the differences of these regions in terms of biota and abiotic conditions. Since radioactivity can be used to trace environmental processes in humans and other biota, this book offers examples of studies in which radiotracers have been used to assess biokinetics in tropical biota. Features chapters, co-authored by world experts, that explain the origins, inputs, distribution, behaviour, and consequences of radioactivity in tropical and subtropical systems. Provides comprehensive lists of relevant data and identifies current knowledge gaps to allow for targeted radioecological research in the future. Integrates radioecological information into the most recent radiological consequences modelling and best-practice probabilistic ecological risk analysis methodology, given the need to understand the implications of enhanced socio-economic development in the world's tropical regions.

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management
  • Author : Deborah Oughton,Sven Ove Hansson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-07
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780080914299
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Summary : Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation, environmental justice, health and safety for radiation workers, radiation dose standards, the ethics of clinical radiology, and the principles of radiation protection and their ethical underpinnings. With authors ranging from philosophers to radiation protection officials and practitioners, the book spans from theoretical to practical implications of this important area of radiation risk assessment and management. Covers all the major social and ethical issues in relation to radiation protection Information is easily accessible and non-technical Authors include leading radiation protection officials as well as specialists who are more independent of the radiation protection system, thus presenting both authoritative and more critical views Includes theoretical perspectives as well as practical experience

The British National Bibliography

The British National Bibliography
  • Author : Arthur James Wells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105211722678
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Summary :

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry

Handbook of Environmental Isotope Geochemistry
  • Author : Mark Baskaran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-13
  • Total pages :951
  • ISBN : 3642106374
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Summary : Applications of radioactive and stable isotopes have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth and near-earth surface processes. The utility of the isotopes are ever-increasing and our sole focus is to bring out the applications of these isotopes as tracers and chronometers to a wider audience so that they can be used as powerful tools to solve environmental problems. New developments in this field remain mostly in peer-reviewed journal articles and hence our goal is to synthesize these findings for easy reference for students, faculty, regulators in governmental and non-governmental agencies, and environmental companies. While this volume maintains its rigor in terms of its depth of knowledge and quantitative information, it contains the breadth needed for wide variety problems and applications in the environmental sciences. This volume presents all of the newer and older applications of isotopes pertaining to the environmental problems in one place that is readily accessible to readers. This book not only has the depth and rigor that is needed for academia, but it has the breadth and case studies to illustrate the utility of the isotopes in a wide variety of environments (atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers and streams, terrestrial environments, and sub-surface environments) and serves a large audience, from students and researchers, regulators in federal, state and local governments, and environmental companies.

Environmental Tracers

Environmental Tracers
  • Author : Trevor Elliot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-08
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9783906980911
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Environmental Tracers" that was published in Water

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
  • Author : Pavel Povinec
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-28
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 0080553370
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Summary : The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Radiation and Health

Radiation and Health
  • Author : Thormod Henriksen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-09-05
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0203166353
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Summary : Radiation and the effects of radioactivity have been known for more than 100 years. International research spanning this period has yielded a great deal of information about radiation and its biological effects and this activity has resulted in the discovery of many applications in medicine and industry including cancer therapy, medical diagnostics

Isotopes in Environmental Studies

Isotopes in Environmental Studies
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :710
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069111626
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Summary : This publication presents the proceedings of the IAEA's International conference on isotopes in environmental studies - Aquatic Forum 2004 at which present state of the art isotopic methods for investigation of the aquatic environment were reviewed. The main subjects being considered were: i) behaviour, transport and distribution of isotopes in the aquatic environment; ii) climate change studies using isotopic records in the marine environment; iii) groundwater dynamics, modelling and management of freshwater sources; iv) important global projects; v) joint IAEA-UNESCO submarine groundwater investigations in the Mediterranean, the Southwest Atlantic, and Pacific Oceans; vi) new trends in radioecological investigations; vii) transfers in analytical technologies from bulk analyses to particle and compound specific analyses; viii) development of new isotopic techniques

Radiation Safety

Radiation Safety
  • Author : Haydee Domenech
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-27
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9783319426716
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Summary : This book discusses important fundamentals of radiation safety with specific details on dose units, calculations, measuring, and biological effects of ionizing radiation. The author covers different exposure situations and their requirements, and relevant legislation and regulations governing radiation safety. The book also examines radioactive waste management, the transport of radioactive materials, emergency planning and preparedness and various examples of radiation protection programs for industrial, medical, and academic applications.

Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine

Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine
  • Author : Gopal B. Saha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :253
  • ISBN : 9781475734973
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Summary : Supplemented with tables and illustrations throughout, each chapter provides readers with well-delineated descriptions of the different aspects of physics and radiation biology related to nuclear medicine. The last edition was successful and highly acclaimed, as Dr. Saha made many complex concepts readily understandable for residents, students and practitioners in nuclear medicine. This second edition serves as an excellent text for nuclear medicine residents and technology students to prepare for their Board and Registry examinations. Special features include: Statistical tests: The Chi-Square test, the student t-test and linear regression; Internal dosimetry based on uptake variation; Digital computers: Data acquisition, filters, data processing; Coincidence detector gamma camera; Expanded chapter on radiation biology; Criteria for patient release and breast feeding; DOT regulations.

The Environmental Challenges of Nuclear Disarmament

The Environmental Challenges of Nuclear Disarmament
  • Author : Thomas E. Baca,Tadeusz Florkowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-08-31
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 0792362020
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Summary : This book draws together recognized experts from numerous institutions in Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, and North America. Nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning, waste treatment, management and disposal, long-term monitoring and surveillance, and prevention of proliferation are the primary topics discussed, including critical assessments of the existing knowledge and identification of the needs for future collaboration. Proposals are presented for a variety of national and international agencies, and preliminary business plans developed for collaboration with private companies. A network of international projects needs to be financed since it is such projects that will ultimately ease tensions, help solve nuclear waste contamination and security problems, and help pave the road toward nuclear weapons disarmament.

Radioanalytical Chemistry

Radioanalytical Chemistry
  • Author : Bernd Kahn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-08
  • Total pages :473
  • ISBN : 9780387341231
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Summary : This work is a comprehensive and much-needed tool for the teaching and practice of radioanalytical chemistry. It encompasses a concise theoretical background, laboratory work, and data interpretation. It also contains chapters on the most current and visible applications of radioanalytical techniques. Its emphasis on the practical aspects on laboratory setup and operation make it a valuable tool for training professionals and students alike.

Practical Nuclear Medicine

Practical Nuclear Medicine
  • Author : Peter F. Sharp,Howard G. Gemmell,Alison D. Murray
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-27
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9781846280184
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Summary : This book is an essential guide for all practitioners. The emphasis throughout is on the practice of nuclear medicine. Primarily aimed at the radiologist, physician, physicist or technologist starting in nuclear medicine, it will also appeal to more experienced practitioners who are keen to stay up-to-date. The practical approach with tables as "recipes" for acquisition protocols means it is essential for any departmental shelf. 3rd edition expanded - now covering areas of development in nuclear medicine, such as PET and other methods of tumour imaging, data processing. All illustrations are up-to-date to reflect current standards of image quality.

World Soil Resources and Food Security

World Soil Resources and Food Security
  • Author : Rattan Lal,B.A. Stewart
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-13
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781439844502
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Summary : Soil—The Basis of All Terrestrial Life Ancient civilizations and cultures—Mayan, Aztec, Mesopotamian, Indus, and Yangtze—were built on good soils, surviving only as long as soils had the capacity to support them. In the twenty-first century, productive soil is still the engine of economic development and essential to human well-being. The quality of our soil resources, however, is threatened by human-induced and natural perturbations. World Soil Resources and Food Security takes an in-depth look at the availability and status of soil resources in the context of the growing demands of an increasing world population and rising expectations of living standards. This timely reference presents current information on the soil resources available for food production. Presenting innovative strategies for soil and water management, it discusses how to maintain or improve the world’s soil resources in order to increase food production. With the majority of the world’s 1.02 billion food-insecure people concentrated in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, several chapters focus on soil resources in these regions. Contributions from renowned scientists deal with topics including: Global food situations World soil resources Soil resources of humid Asia and their acidification Soil resources of South Asia Properties and management of Vertisols Use of radioisotopic techniques in soil management The potential of rain-fed agriculture in the semiarid tropics The status of land degradation Nutrient balance in sub-Saharan Africa The book concludes by outlining the need for further research to generate credible data on soil resources and degradation. This volume is a useful resource for those interested in the state of the soils of the world in relation to food security and environmental quality.

New Techniques for the Detection of Nuclear and Radioactive Agents

New Techniques for the Detection of Nuclear and Radioactive Agents
  • Author : Gul Asiye Aycik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-17
  • Total pages :347
  • ISBN : 9781402095986
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Summary : Nuclear and radioactive agents are considerable concerns especially after the early 1990s and more attention has been focused on the radiation detection technologies. This book comprises the selected presentations of NATO Advanced Training Course held 26-30 May 2008 in Mugla, Turkey. The contributions represent a wide range of documents related to control, monitoring and measurement methods of nuclear / radioactive isotopes and agents for both fundamental and applied works dealing with their use for different purposes. This book presents environmental data from many locations of different countries and also contains the contributions in the detection/monitoring programs of some authors from CIS countries. The basic goal of this book is to deal with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring and measurement techniques of environmental radionuclides and nuclear agents as well as the auxiliary techniques. The many recent examples contributed by authors will be useful in monitoring/ measurement studies of radioactive/nuclear agents in the present environment, and can help, not only in carrying out outdoor and laboratory experiments, but also in protection of possible sources of radionuclides and nuclear agents. Especially the contributions of experts and specialists involved in this book assured the highest level of knowledge in the field of techniques for the detection of radioactive and nuclear agents.

Isotopes in the Water Cycle

Isotopes in the Water Cycle
  • Author : Pradeep K. Aggarwal,Joel R. Gat,Klaus F. Froehlich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-31
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 1402066716
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Summary : Environmental isotope and nuclear techniques provide unmatched insights into the processes governing the water cycle and its variability. This monograph presents state of the art applications and new developments of isotopes in hydrology, environmental disciplines and climate change studies. Coverage ranges from the assessment of groundwater resources in terms of recharge and flow regime to studies of the past and present global environmental and climate changes.

Government Reports Annual Index

Government Reports Annual Index
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000008704342
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Summary :

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides

Handbook for the Assessment of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation Using Environmental Radionuclides
  • Author : F. Zapata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-08
  • Total pages :219
  • ISBN : 9780306480546
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Summary : This publication deals with soil erosion and sedimentation. Soil erosion and associated sediment deposition are natural landscape-forming processes that can be greatly accelerated by human intervention through deforestation, overgrazing, and non-sustainable farming practices. Soil erosion and sedimentation may not only cause on-site degradation of the natural resource base, but also off-site problems— downstream sediment deposition in fields, floodplains and water bodies, water pollution, eutrophication and reservoir siltation, etc. —with serious environmental and economic impairment. There is an urgent need for accurate information to quantify the problem and to underpin the selection of effective soil-conservation technologies and sedimentation-remediation strategies, including assessment of environmental and economic impacts. Existing classical techniques to document soil erosion are capable of meeting some of these needs, but they all possess important limitations. The quest for alternative techniques for assessing soil erosion, to complement existing methods, directed attention to the use of environmental radionuclides, in particular fallout as tracers to quantify rates and establish patterns of soil redistribution within the landscape. The concept of a project on the use of environmental radionuclides to quantify soil redistribution was first formulated at an Advisory Group Meeting convened in Vienna, April 1993, by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

Geology Field Trips in and around the U. S. Capital

Geology Field Trips in and around the U. S. Capital
  • Author : Christopher S. Swezey,Mark W. Carter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-26
  • Total pages :103
  • ISBN : 9780813700571
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Summary : "This volume contains four guides associated with the 2020 GSA Southeastern and Northeastern Sections Joint Meeting in Reston, Virginia. The localities of these four field trips include various locations in Virginia, Maryland, and West Virginia"--