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Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites
  • Author : L van Velzen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-02
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9781782422389
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Summary : Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment

Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Rouzbeh Abbassi,Asheesh Kumar Yadav,Faisal Khan,Vikram Garaniya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780128174937
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Summary : Current wastewater treatment technologies are not sustainable simply due to their high operational costs and process inefficiency. Integrated Microbial Fuel Cells for Wastewater Treatment is intended for professionals who are searching for an innovative method to improve the efficiencies of wastewater treatment processes by exploiting the potential of Microbial Fuel Cells (MFCs) technology. The book is broadly divided into four sections. It begins with an overview of the "state of the art" bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) as well as the fundamentals of MFC technology and its potential to enhance wastewater treatment efficiencies and reduce electricity generation cost. In section two, discusses the integration, installation, and optimization of MFC into conventional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors. Section three outlines integrations of MFCs into other wastewater processes. The final section provides explorative studies of MFC integrated systems for large scale wastewater treatment and the challenges which are inherent in the upscaling process. Clearly describes the latest techniques for integrating MFC into traditional wastewater treatment processes such as activated sludge process, lagoons, constructed wetlands, and membrane bioreactors Discusses the fundamentals of bioelectrochemical systems for degrading the contaminants from the municipal and industrial wastewater Covers methods for the optimization of integrated systems

Nuclear Decommissioning, Waste Management, and Environmental Site Remediation

Nuclear Decommissioning, Waste Management, and Environmental Site Remediation
  • Author : Colin Bayliss,Kevin Langley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-09-22
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058128193
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Summary : Setting the Scene; Introduction to Waste Management; Introduction and Overview of Decommissioning; Site Environmental Investigation, Remediation and Restoration; Nuclear Project and Programme Management, Investment and Appraisal -- Capital Investment; The Nuclear Operating Company; Ionising Radiation and Its Control; Decommissioning Options, Cost Estimating and Strategic Planning; Hazard Reduction and Project Prioritisation; Case Studies and Worked Examples; Suggested Background Reading Material & References.

Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils

Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils
  • Author : Jaume Bech,Claudio Bini,Mariya A Pashkevich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-09
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780128097298
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Summary : Assessment, Restoration and Reclamation of Mining Influenced Soils covers processes operating in the environment as a result of mining activity, including the whole spectra of negative effects of anthropopressure and the environment, from changes in soil chemistry, changes in soil physical properties, geomechanical disturbances, and mine water discharges. Mining activity and its waste are an environmental concern. Knowledge of the fate of potentially harmful elements and their effect on plants and the food chain, and ultimately on human health, is still being understood. Therefore, there is a need for better knowledge on the origin, distribution, and management of mine waste on a global level. This book provides information on hazard assessment and remediation of the disturbed environment, including stabilization of contaminated soils and phytoremediation, and will help scientists and public authorities formulate answers to the daily challenges related to the restoration of contaminated land. Provides a thorough overview of the processes operating on mining-devastated areas, as well as origin, distribution, and deactivation of harmful elements Includes outcomes and recommendations of the Global Mining Initiative that are widely regarded as the code of conduct in the minerals industry Contains global case studies that elucidate various aspects of assessment and restoration of mine-contaminated land

Management of Norm Residues

Management of Norm Residues
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-01
  • Total pages :53
  • ISBN : 9201427107
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Summary :

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
  • Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-26
  • Total pages :920
  • ISBN : 9789535112358
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Summary : Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Soil Contamination

Soil Contamination
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-21
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9789535128151
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Summary : This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
  • Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-03
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780080993935
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Summary : Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Nuclear Decommissioning

Nuclear Decommissioning
  • Author : Michele Laraia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-21
  • Total pages :856
  • ISBN : 9780857095336
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Summary : Once a nuclear installation has reached the end of its safe and economical operational lifetime, the need for its decommissioning arises. Different strategies can be employed for nuclear decommissioning, based on the evaluation of particular hazards and their attendant risks, as well as on the analysis of costs of clean-up and waste management. This allows for decommissioning either soon after permanent shutdown, or perhaps a long time later, the latter course allowing for radioactivity levels to drop in any activated or contaminated components. It is crucial for clear processes and best practices to be applied in decommissioning such installations and sites, particular where any significant health and environmental risks exist. This book critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Part one focuses on the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process, from principles and safety regulations, to financing and project management. Part two covers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, detailing processes and technologies such as dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse. Finally, part three details international experience in the decommissioning of nuclear applications, including the main nuclear reactor types and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, as well as small nuclear facilities and legacy nuclear waste sites. Critically reviews nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities Discusses the fundamental planning issues in starting a nuclear decommissioning process Considers the execution phase of nuclear decommissioning projects, including dismantling, decontamination, and radioactive waste management, as well as environmental remediation, site clearance and reuse

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society

Transactions of the American Nuclear Society
  • Author : American Nuclear Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1958
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034658081
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Summary :

Nuclear Facility Decommissioning and Site Remedial Actions

Nuclear Facility Decommissioning and Site Remedial Actions
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : OCLC:1065626669
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Summary : This bibliography contains 3638 citations with abstracts of documents relevant to environmental restoration, nuclear facility decontamination and decommissioning (D & D), uranium mill tailings management, and site remedial actions. This report is the eighteenth in a series of bibliographies prepared annually for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Restoration. Citations to foreign and domestic literature of all types - technical reports, progress reports, journal articles, symposia proceedings, theses, books, patents, legislation, and research project descriptions - have been included in Part 1 of the report. The bibliography contains scientific, technical, financial, and regulatory information that pertains to DOE environmental restoration programs. The citations are separated by topic into 16 sections, including (1) DOE Environmental Restoration Program; (2) DOE D & D Program; (3) Nuclear Facilities Decommissioning; (4) DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Programs; (5) NORM-Contaminated Site Restoration; (6) DOE Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Project; (7) Uranium Mill Tailings Management; (8) DOE Site-Wide Remedial Actions; (9) DOE Onsite Remedial Action Projects; (10) Contaminated Site Remedial Actions; (11) DOE Underground Storage Tank Remediation; (12) DOE Technology Development, Demonstration, and Evaluations; (13) Soil Remediation; (14) Groundwater Remediation; (15) Environmental Measurements, Analysis, and Decision-Making; and (16) Environmental Management Issues. Within the 16 sections, the citations are sorted by geographic location. If a geographic location is not specified, the citations are sorted according to the document title. In Part 2 of the report, indexes are provided for author, author affiliation, selected title phrase, selected title word, publication description, geographic location, and keyword.

Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas

Remediation Measures for Radioactively Contaminated Areas
  • Author : Dharmendra K. Gupta,Anna Voronina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-04
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9783319733982
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Summary : This book offers extensive and comprehensive knowledge to the researchers and academicians who are working on decontamination of radioactively contaminated areas. Remediation strategies for contaminated sites are provided. Readers who will find this book useful include professionals specializing in radioecology, safe disposal of radioactive waste, as well as decontamination, remediation legacies and impact of radioactive waste material on the environment. The chapters give a broad overview and reviews of a number of original publications on remediation strategies that were explored after the Chernobyl and Fukushima Nuclear Power plant accidents. Useful case studies are provided that explore the latest technological developments and future trends for affected area decontamination.

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials

Evaluation of Guidelines for Exposures to Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposure to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-25
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9780309062978
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Summary : Naturally occurring radionuclides are found throughout the earth's crust, and they form part of the natural background of radiation to which all humans are exposed. Many human activities-such as mining and milling of ores, extraction of petroleum products, use of groundwater for domestic purposes, and living in houses-alter the natural background of radiation either by moving naturally occurring radionuclides from inaccessible locations to locations where humans are present or by concentrating the radionuclides in the exposure environment. Such alterations of the natural environment can increase, sometimes substantially, radiation exposures of the public. Exposures of the public to naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) that result from human activities that alter the natural environment can be subjected to regulatory control, at least to some degree. The regulation of public exposures to such technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM) by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other regulatory and advisory organizations is the subject of this study by the National Research Council's Committee on the Evaluation of EPA Guidelines for Exposures to Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials.

Consolidated Financial Statements of the United States Government : Prototype

Consolidated Financial Statements of the United States Government : Prototype
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112065995851
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Summary :

Financial Report of the United States Government

Financial Report of the United States Government
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCR:31210020085377
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Summary :

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning

Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning
  • Author : Michele Laraia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-12
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780081012390
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Summary : Advances and Innovations in Nuclear Decommissioning is an essential resource for industry professionals and academics interested in acquiring the most up-to-date information on the current state of nuclear decommissioning. Written and edited by the world’s leading experts, this book considers lessons learned and new innovations in the field. Edited by Dr. Laraia, it is the perfect companion to his 2012 book, Nuclear Decommissioning, which critically reviews the nuclear decommissioning processes and technologies applicable to nuclear power plants and other civilian nuclear facilities. Where the earlier book covers the basics of decommissioning, this new book brings you up-to-date with new areas of interest and approaches, innovative technologies, and lessons learned by both the nuclear and non-nuclear decommissioning sectors. Focuses on new aspects, trends and innovative technologies Includes content on decommissioning after a severe accident, including the use of robotics Brings together information from around the world and considers the lessons learned from the non-nuclear sector as well

Remediation of Sites with Dispersed Radioactive Contamination

Remediation of Sites with Dispersed Radioactive Contamination
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :117
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060583542
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Summary : This report provides an overview of remediation technologies that are particularly suited to the remediation of dispersed contamination. Dispersed low level contamination poses a particular challenge. Many techniques are not efficient below certain concentration thresholds or entail more severe impacts on certain environmental compartments than the contamination itself. The technologies are outlined in brief, and their advantages and limitations are discussed. The need for a holistic design of the remedial action is stressed.

Remediation of Contaminated Environments

Remediation of Contaminated Environments
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-12
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780080914152
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Summary : Remediation of Contaminated Environments summarises - amongst other things - what happened to the people and environment around Chernobyl (and other nuclear sites) and what measures need to be taken in future in the event of nuclear accidents etc. plus it has a very important and currently topical use in detailing what to do in the event of a terrorist dirty bomb attack on a city. Remediation, including characterization of contaminated sites; safety requirements; remediation planning; effectiveness of individual measures in different environments; social, ethical and economic considerations; application of modern decision aiding technologies Applicable to different categories of contaminated environments and contaminants, comprising areas contaminated by radiation accidents and incidents, nuclear weapon tests, natural radionuclides associated with nuclear fuel cycle, fossil material mining and gas and oil production Associated side effects (environmental and social) and human based remediation measures, comprising perception of this activity by the population; with particular regard to stakeholders and population involvement in making decisions on environmental safety and remediation of contaminated sites

Radiological Conditions in the Dnieper River Basin

Radiological Conditions in the Dnieper River Basin
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064114732
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Summary : In 1986, in the Dnieper River Basin, a densely populated area in the middle of eastern Europe, the most severe nuclear accident in human history occurred at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, Ukraine. The accident destroyed a high power nuclear reactor and resulted in the release of large amounts of radionuclides into the environment. In the other areas of Ukraine adjacent to the middle reaches of the Dnieper River, uranium mining and milling facilities have been in operation since 1948 which have left substantial tailings containing naturally occurring radioactive materials. These, together with the accident, resulted in the contamination of substantial areas with radioactive residues, and some associated health effects such as elevated thyroid cancer incidence have been noted. This report includes the findings and conclusions of an IAEA project team on radioactive contamination in the Dnieper Basin and its radiological consequences, as well as recommendations to the governments of Belarus, the Russian Federation and Ukraine in the area of radiation and environmental protection.

Environmental Cleanup at Navy Facilities

Environmental Cleanup at Navy Facilities
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Environmental Remediation at Naval Facilities
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-16
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780309087483
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Summary : The number of hazardous waste sites across the United States has grown to approximately 217,000, with billions of cubic yards of soil, sediment, and groundwater plumes requiring remediation. Sites contaminated with recalcitrant contaminants or with complex hydrogeological features have proved to be a significant challenge to cleanup on every levelâ€"technologically, financially, legally, and sociopolitically. Like many federal agencies, the Navy is a responsible party with a large liability in hazardous waste sites. Environmental Cleanup at Navy Facilitites applies the concepts of adaptive management to complex, high-risk hazardous waste sites that are typical of the military, EPA, and other responsible parties. The report suggests ways to make forward progress at sites with recalcitrant contamination that have stalled prior to meeting cleanup goals. This encompasses more rigorous data collection and analysis, consideration of alternative treatment technologies, and comprehensive long-term stewardship.

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and Technological Options for Mitigation

Extent of Environmental Contamination by Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) and Technological Options for Mitigation
  • Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : UOM:39015058143341
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Summary : This purpose of this report is to raise awareness of the residues arising from the processing of various naturally occurring radioactive materials and the possible environmental contamination arising from these. The various processes and their residues are analysed and the technical options for dealing with such contamination are discussed. The industries of interest include those related to fuel production, water use, metal ores and industrial minerals.