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Ethical Challenges in Oncology

Ethical Challenges in Oncology
  • Author : Colleen Gallagher,Michael Ewer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-23
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9780128039014
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Summary : Ethical Challenges in Oncology: Patient Care, Research, Education, and Economics covers a wide variety of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology throughout the full cancer care continuum. This book provides a holistic view on oncology ethics, incorporating the knowledge and expertise of authors from various departments and oncology specialties within the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. The first section focuses on the ethical issues associated with treating cancer patients. Next, the ethical challenges associated with oncology research, including funding, regulation, subject selection and the big picture are explored. The third section covers ethical issues associated with education in oncology as it reflects both past and future trends in developing proficient health care providers, patients and even executives. Final sections concentrate on the ethical dilemmas associated with the economic repercussions of oncology, offering thoughts on how to alleviate the ethical consequences that can arise from the global effects of cancer and cancer treatment. Each chapter includes discussion topics, answers pertinent questions and provides an ethical framework for problem- solving in each scenario. The topics uncover the ethical apprehensions and problems associated with oncology research and practice in order to determine best practices as well as provide guidance for all parties involved. Offers a diverse range of topics and viewpoints about ethical issues that arise in oncology Provides direction by bringing real issues to the forefront Contains a truly ethical approach on problems as broad as research, finance, appropriateness of care, and professional education

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care

Ethical Issues in Cancer Patient Care
  • Author : Peter Angelos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9781475730449
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Summary : This book addresses a variety of ethical issues that arise in the care of oncology patients. Many volumes have been written on medical ethics in the past 30 years. However, few have focused on ethical issues specific to the care of cancer patients. This book brings together such a focused examination. The contributors are experienced clinicians, ethicists, medical humanists, and medical educators. The issues raised have direct relevance to the care of oncology patients in treatment as well as research settings. The chapters address issues that are central to contemporary medical practice and medical ethics inquiry. Any practicing clinician will be well aware of the problems of communication and how uncertainty, cross-cultural issues, and religious influences can impact patient care. The limits of care and the role of advance directives and palliative care are common issues that must be addressed in treating patients at the end of life. For oncologists and oncology patients, participation in clinical trials may be a thomy topic, especially when phase I clinical trials are being considered. The impact of managed care and reimbursement issues cannot be avoided in the contemporary patient care and similarly cannot be neglected when considering the ethical ramifications raised. No discussion of ethics in oncology can be complete without attention to the specific challenges raised by the pediatric patient with cancer. All of these topics are explored by the contributors to this book.

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
  • Author : Kate A. Mazur,Stacey L. Berg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-27
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030226848
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Summary : This book identifies the various ethical challenges that arise in pediatric hematology/oncology and provides the necessary tools to overcome these challenges. Aiming to expand upon and strengthen providers’ knowledge and experience in pediatric health care ethical issues, the text positions providers to be beneficial resources to faculty, staff, patients, and families within their institution. It presents a multidisciplinary approach to sound ethical practices that is necessary to effectively care for these patients and their families. The book reviews the principles of ethical decision-making, the unique difficulties in using children as research subjects, common ethical conundrums involved in providing end-of-life care, and general moralities of professional practice. Written by experts in their fields, Ethical Issues in Pediatric Hematology/Oncology is an innovative and valuable resource for clinicians, practitioners, and trainees who work in the field of pediatric hematology/oncology.

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy

Ethical Challenges in Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy
  • Author : Axel W. Bauer,Ralf-Dieter Hofheinz,Jochen S. Utikal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-15
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : 3030637484
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Summary : This book presents in detail the problems and ethical challenges in daily oncological practice. In western industrialized countries, roughly 25 percent of all citizens still die from cancer. Despite significant progress in basic science and in individual areas of clinical care, even in the 21st century, being diagnosed with cancer has lost none of its dread and can still be a death sentence. This situation raises many problems and challenges for medical ethics, e.g., the question of the benefits and risks of prevention programs, or the right to know and not to know. Clinical trials with cancer patients and quality assurance for surgery, radiotherapy and medication also pose a series of ethical dilemmas. Furthermore, cancer treatment is a psychological challenge not only for patients but also for physicians and caregivers. The issues of adequate pain management and good palliative care, of treatment limiting and the question of assisted suicide at the end of life also have to be considered. In order to reflect the subject’s diverse and multifaceted nature, the book incorporates legal, ethnographic, historical and literary perspectives into ethical considerations.

Ethics in Oncology Nursing

Ethics in Oncology Nursing
  • Author : Oncology Nursing Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 1935864564
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Summary :

Assessing and Improving Value in Cancer Care

Assessing and Improving Value in Cancer Care
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,National Cancer Policy Forum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-30
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 0309147336
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Summary : Unlike many other areas in health care, the practice of oncology presents unique challenges that make assessing and improving value especially complex. First, patients and professionals feel a well-justified sense of urgency to treat for cure, and if cure is not possible, to extend life and reduce the burden of disease. Second, treatments are often both life sparing and highly toxic. Third, distinctive payment structures for cancer medicines are intertwined with practice. Fourth, providers often face tremendous pressure to apply the newest technologies to patients who fail to respond to established treatments, even when the evidence supporting those technologies is incomplete or uncertain, and providers may be reluctant to stop toxic treatments and move to palliation, even at the end of life. Finally, the newest and most novel treatments in oncology are among the most costly in medicine. This volume summarizes the results of a workshop that addressed these issues from multiple perspectives, including those of patients and patient advocates, providers, insurers, health care researchers, federal agencies, and industry. Its broad goal was to describe value in oncology in a complete and nuanced way, to better inform decisions regarding developing, evaluating, prescribing, and paying for cancer therapeutics.

Resolving Ethical Dilemmas

Resolving Ethical Dilemmas
  • Author : Bernard Lo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781469826066
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Summary : Now in its Fifth Edition, this respected reference helps readers tackle the common and often challenging ethical issues that affect patient care. The book begins with a concise discussion of clinical ethics that provides the background information essential to understanding key ethical issues. Readers then explore a wide range of real-world ethical dilemmas, each accompanied by expert guidance on salient issues and how to approach them. The book’s two-color design improves retention of material for visual learners. An accompanying website lets readers access the full text, along with features designed to reinforce understanding and test knowledge. New to the Fifth Edition: This edition includes new discussions of ethical issues as they relate to clinical practice guidelines and evidence-based medicine, electronic medical records, genetic testing, and opioid prescription. The book also includes an increased focus on ethical issues in ambulatory care. Readers will also find more detailed analysis of cases, more examples of ethical reasoning, more highlight pages relating clinical ethics to emergency medicine, oncology, palliative care, and family medicine. Also new are discussions of quality improvement and use of advance care planning rather than advance directives.

Pediatric Psycho-Oncology

Pediatric Psycho-Oncology
  • Author : Lori Wiener,Anne E. Kazak,American Psychosocial Oncology Society
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-04
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780199335114
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Summary : Preceded by: Quick reference for pediatric oncology clinicians / senior editors, Lori S. Wiener, Maryland Pao. c2009.

Ethical Dilemmas in Cancer Care

Ethical Dilemmas in Cancer Care
  • Author : Basil Arnold Stoll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : UOM:39015019819955
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Summary :

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • Author : Rebecca Skloot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-02
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 0307589382
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Summary : Now an HBO® Film starring Oprah Winfrey and Rose Byrne #1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Her name was Henrietta Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa. She was a poor black tobacco farmer whose cells—taken without her knowledge in 1951—became one of the most important tools in medicine, vital for developing the polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, and more. Henrietta's cells have been bought and sold by the billions, yet she remains virtually unknown, and her family can't afford health insurance. This phenomenal New York Times bestseller tells a riveting story of the collision between ethics, race, and medicine; of scientific discovery and faith healing; and of a daughter consumed with questions about the mother she never knew.

Cancer Immunology

Cancer Immunology
  • Author : Nima Rezaei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-29
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : 9783662449462
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Summary : This translational book describes in detail the clinical application of novel approaches in cancer immunotherapy with the aim of educating clinicians in the implications of the most recent research and new developments in the field. The scope is broad, encompassing, for example, prognostic biomarkers for personalized cancer treatment, strategies for targeting tumor immunosuppression, gene therapy, virus-based vaccines, targeting of cancer stem cells, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the role of T lymphocytes in cancer immunotherapy, use of monoclonal antibodies, and many more innovative approaches. Clinical immunologists, hematologists, and oncologists in particular will find the book to be of value in expanding their knowledge. The book is the second in a three-volume series, Cancer Immunology, which offers an up-to-date review of cancer immunology and immunotherapy. The remaining volumes focus on the immunopathology of cancers and cancer immunotherapy for organ-specific tumors. In total the series, designed for both clinicians and researchers, includes contributions from more than 250 scientists working at leading universities and institutes from across the world.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics

The Oxford Handbook of Public Health Ethics
  • Author : Anna C. Mastroianni,Jeffrey P. Kahn,Nancy E. Kass
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-23
  • Total pages :992
  • ISBN : 9780190933197
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Summary : Natural disasters and cholera outbreaks. Ebola, SARS, and concerns over pandemic flu. HIV and AIDS. E. coli outbreaks from contaminated produce and fast foods. Threats of bioterrorism. Contamination of compounded drugs. Vaccination refusals and outbreaks of preventable diseases. These are just some of the headlines from the last 30-plus years highlighting the essential roles and responsibilities of public health, all of which come with ethical issues and the responsibilities they create. Public health has achieved extraordinary successes. And yet these successes also bring with them ethical tension. Not all public health successes are equally distributed in the population; extraordinary health disparities between rich and poor still exist. The most successful public health programs sometimes rely on policies that, while improving public health conditions, also limit individual rights. Public health practitioners and policymakers face these and other questions of ethics routinely in their work, and they must navigate their sometimes competing responsibilities to the health of the public with other important societal values such as privacy, autonomy, and prevailing cultural norms. This Oxford Handbook provides a sweeping and comprehensive review of the current state of public health ethics, addressing these and numerous other questions. Taking account of the wide range of topics under the umbrella of public health and the ethical issues raised by them, this volume is organized into fifteen sections. It begins with two sections that discuss the conceptual foundations, ethical tensions, and ethical frameworks of and for public health and how public health does its work. The thirteen sections that follow examine the application of public health ethics considerations and approaches across a broad range of public health topics. While chapters are organized into topical sections, each chapter is designed to serve as a standalone contribution. The book includes 73 chapters covering many topics from varying perspectives, a recognition of the diversity of the issues that define public health ethics in the U.S. and globally. This Handbook is an authoritative and indispensable guide to the state of public health ethics today.

Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations

Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations
  • Author : Milica Prostran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-09
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781789232004
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Summary : This book Clinical Trials in Vulnerable Populations has 12 chapters divided into 4 sections: Minority Patients, Women, Medically Compromised Patients and Clinical Trials. Contributing authors came from several countries, from Serbia to Turkey. The book was edited by Professor Milica Prostran MD, Ph.D., specialist in Clinical Pharmacology. The potential reader is shown a modern approach to clinical trials in vulnerable populations, from different points of view. The chapters deal at length and clarity with their topics. Finally, I believe, that this book I edited and reviewed with dedication will capture the attention of many readers, from medical students to practicing doctors and pharmacists. All of whom must consider this very important field of medicine: clinical trials in vulnerable patients.

Learning from Disease in Pets

Learning from Disease in Pets
  • Author : Rebecca A. Krimins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-24
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9780429509117
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Summary : Learning from Disease in Pets: A ‘One Health’ Model for Discovery is the first encompassing reference guide for veterinarians, researchers and physicians on conducting studies using spontaneous models of disease in animals. The study of naturally occurring disease in (pet) animals can help model our understanding of the biology, prevention and therapy of human and animal diseases. Studies of pet dogs, for instance, can aid treatment of complex medical problems such as cancer, orthopedic, cardiopulmonary, and neuro-inflammatory diseases, and zoonotic infections. Each chapter within this novel cross-species approach is contributed by a leader, or leaders, in their field of research. Using clinical trials to learn how pets with real diseases respond to therapy can lead to breakthroughs in human medicine, as well as benefiting pets suffering from otherwise debilitating illness. Despite similarities of diseases across species, there are very few spontaneous models of disease used in research compared with models where disease is induced in healthy laboratory animals. Many medical researchers and veterinarians have a multitude of questions regarding how to use naturally occurring diseases in pets for the discovery of treatments and diagnostics: this book will demonstrate how to safely make this happen. This book encourages veterinarians to build on and disseminate existing findings for the wider benefit of pets and humans. Many pets suffering from incurable illnesses may benefit from clinical trials; the book includes a section on the imperative communication styles necessary within the research environment and with clients, a compelling discussion on the ethics of using pets in veterinary clinical research, comprehensive tables of diseases that spontaneously occur in animals and humans, the regulatory requirements necessary to move therapy from benchside research to patient bedside, as well as intricate details on how to design a robust clinical study.

Research for the Radiation Therapist

Research for the Radiation Therapist
  • Author : Cailtin Gillan,Lisa DiProspero,Nicole Harnett,Lori Holden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-07
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781926895987
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Summary : This book addresses a wide range of topics, from the principles of evidence-based practice to the process and dissemination of research to unique considerations such as clinical trials, patenting, and health services research. The case for evidence-based practice and a collaborative research culture is made first, followed by a series of chapters walking the reader through the research process by way of the scientific method. One of the more unique aspects of the scope of this book is the inclusion of chapters relating to the dissemination of knowledge, manuscript publication, and how to build an academic research program. Each chapter focuses on introducing the reader to foundational principles, methodology, and terminology, and highlight case studies of radiation therapist research or experience that is relevant to provide contextual examples and inspiration to the reader.

Mosby's Oncology Nursing Advisor

Mosby's Oncology Nursing Advisor
  • Author : Susan Newton,Margie Hickey,Joyce Jackowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-03
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780323079341
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Summary : Like getting 7 books in 1, MOSBY'S ONCOLOGY NURSING ADVISOR provides quick access to essential information on a wide range of cancer topics, including types of cancer, treatment options, symptom management, palliative care, and patient teaching. Its user-friendly layout and straightforward coverage make it ideal for use in any clinical setting, offering authoritative guidance to help you provide the best possible oncology nursing care. Detailed descriptions of over 50 major cancer types provide essential information on incidence, etiology and risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnostic workup, histology, staging, treatment, prognosis, and prevention. Coverage of cancer management principles outlines a wide range of treatment and pharmacologic modalities, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, biological response modifiers, and complementary and alternative therapies. Symptom management guidelines provide in-depth coverage of pathophysiology, assessment tools, lab and diagnostic tests, differential diagnoses, interventions, follow up care, and resources for over 30 common symptoms associated with cancer and cancer treatments. Essential information on many oncologic emergencies and emergent issues prepares you to respond quickly to structural, metabolic, and hematologic emergencies. Helpful patient teaching resources include more than 25 reproducible patient teaching handouts. An entire section on palliative care and end-of-life issues offers helpful guidelines for dealing with topics related to hospice care, communication in palliative care, the final hours of the cancer patient, ethical considerations, and loss, grief, and bereavement. Serves as a great study tool for the oncology nursing certification exam..

2018 1st International Conference on Cancer Care Informatics (CCI)

2018 1st International Conference on Cancer Care Informatics (CCI)
  • Author : IEEE Staff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-19
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1728114489
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Summary : CancerCareInformatics is the first international conference on Cancer Informatics attracting researchers, policy makers, and practitioners that employ informatics to empower cancer care holistically, where the cancer patient is the focus in the cancer care journey involving all concerned stakeholders The conference is aimed at attracting state of the art research in the provision of (1) cancer care software services, clouds and tools, (2) big data analytics for cancer care, (3) reducing the digital divide in cancer care, (4) Cancer Care and Life Long Learning, (5) Legal, Social, Ethical and Professional Issues in Cancer Care Informatics, (6) methods for evaluating the effectiveness of employing cancer care informatics strategies, policies, etc

Marcelo in the Real World

Marcelo in the Real World
  • Author : Francisco X. Stork
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-02-01
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780545056908
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Summary : Marcelo Sandoval, a seventeen-year-old boy on the high-functioning end of the autistic spectrum, faces new challenges, including romance and injustice, when he goes to work for his father in the mailroom of a corporate law firm.

The Role of Clinical Studies for Pets with Naturally Occurring Tumors in Translational Cancer Research

The Role of Clinical Studies for Pets with Naturally Occurring Tumors in Translational Cancer Research
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,National Cancer Policy Forum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-09
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : 9780309379908
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Summary : Traditional preclinical mouse models of cancer have been very useful for studying the biology of cancer, however they often lack key characteristics of human cancers. As a result, many novel drug candidates fail in human clinical trials despite evidence of drug efficacy in those preclinical models. Thus, researchers are seeking new approaches to augment preclinical knowledge before undertaking clinical trials for human patients. Recently, there has been renewed interest in comparative oncology - the study of naturally developing cancers in animals as models for human disease - as one way to improve cancer drug development and reduce attrition of investigational agents. Tumors that spontaneously develop in pet dogs and other companion animals as a result of normal aging share many characteristics with human cancers, such as histological appearance, tumor genetics, biological behavior, molecular targets, and therapeutic response. In June 2015 the Institute of Medicine hosted a workshop to examine the rationale and potential for integrating clinical trials for pet patients with naturally occurring cancers into translational cancer research and development. Participants discussed the research needs, strategies, and resources to support greater integration of clinical trials for pets with cancer into translational research pathways, and challenges and potential solutions for facilitating that integration. This report summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatrics

Ethical Dilemmas in Pediatrics
  • Author : Lorry R. Frankel,Amnon Goldworth,Mary V. Rorty,William A. Silverman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-20
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1139446266
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Summary : Children in precarious health present particular problems for healthcare professionals because of their intimate relation to their family, and because of the family's need to provide major long-term source of support and to be actively involved in the decisions about their children's care. This collection of cases and commentaries in pediatrics highlights the difficult ethical dilemmas that can arise during high-tech hospital care of children in precarious circumstances. It serves as a teaching tool for clinical ethics and as an introduction for medical students and residents. Clinical cases are described in detail by the physicians involved, who focus on the ethical issues arising during treatment. Each case is then commented on in detail by a philosopher or other bioethicist. It thus serves well as an introduction to contemporary clinical bioethics, but with a firm grounding in the practicalities of real-life pediatric care in the hospital setting.

Precarious Life

Precarious Life
  • Author : Judith Butler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 1844675440
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Summary : An appraisal of post-September 11 America presents the U.S. government's decision to attack Afghanistan and Iraq as a response to loss and grief, arguing that the vulnerability being experienced in the western world is posing an opportunity to imagine a global political community without violence. Reprint.