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Ethics and Professionalism in Forensic Anthropology

Ethics and Professionalism in Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Marin A. Pilloud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-12
  • Total pages :146
  • ISBN : 9780128120668
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Summary : Forensic anthropologists are confronted with ethical issues as part of their education, research, teaching, professional development, and casework. Despite the many ethical challenges that may impact forensic anthropologists, discourse and training in ethics are limited. The goal for Ethics and Professionalism in Forensic Anthropology is to outline the current state of ethics within the field and to start a discussion about the ethics, professionalism, and legal concerns associated with the practice of forensic anthropology. This volume addresses: The need for professional ethics Current ethical guidelines applicable to forensic anthropologists and their means of enforcement Different approaches to professionalism within the context of forensic anthropology, including issues of scientific integrity, qualifications, accreditation and quality assurance The use of human subjects and human remains in forensic anthropology research Ethical and legal issues surrounding forensic anthropological casework, including: analytical notes, case reports, peer review, incidental findings, and testimony Harassment and discrimination in science, anthropology, and forensic anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology

A Companion to Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Dennis Dirkmaat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-20
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9781118959794
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Summary : A Companion to Forensic Anthropology presents the most comprehensive assessment of the philosophy, goals, and practice of forensic anthropology currently available, with chapters by renowned international scholars and experts. Highlights the latest advances in forensic anthropology research, as well as the most effective practices and techniques used by professional forensic anthropologists in the field Illustrates the development of skeletal biological profiles and offers important new evidence on statistical validation of these analytical methods. Evaluates the goals and methods of forensic archaeology, including the preservation of context at surface-scattered remains, buried bodies and fatal fire scenes, and recovery and identification issues related to large-scale mass disaster scenes and mass grave excavation.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua,Eric J. Bartelink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-30
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780124172906
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Summary : Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—approaches forensic anthropology through an innovative style using current practices and real case studies drawn from the varied experiences, backgrounds, and practices of working forensic anthropologists. This text guides the reader through all aspects of human remains recovery and forensic anthropological analysis, presenting principles at a level that is appropriate for those new to the field, while at the same time incorporating evolutionary, biomechanical, and other theoretical foundations for the features and phenomena encountered in forensic anthropological casework. Attention is focused primarily on the most recent and scientifically valid applications commonly employed by working forensic anthropologists. Readers will therefore learn about innovative techniques in the discipline, and aspiring practitioners will be prepared by understanding the necessary background needed to work in the field today. Instructors and students will find Forensic Anthropology: Current Methods and Practice comprehensive, practical, and relevant to the modern discipline of forensic anthropology. Winner of a 2015 Most Promising New Textbook Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Focuses on modern methods, recent advances in research and technology, and current challenges in the science of forensic anthropology Addresses issues of international relevance such as the role of forensic anthropology in mass disaster response and human rights investigations Includes chapter summaries, topicoriented case studies, keywords, and reflective questions to increase active student learning

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology

A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Angi M. Christensen,Nicholas V. Passalacqua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-09
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780128123300
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Summary : A Laboratory Manual for Forensic Anthropology approaches forensic anthropology as a modern and well-developed science, and includes consideration of forensic anthropology within the broader forensic science community, with extensive use of case studies and recent research, technology and challenges that are applied in field and lab contexts. This book covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses, emphasizing hands-on activities. Topics include human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, ancestry estimation, age estimation, stature estimation, skeletal variation, trauma analysis, and personal identification. Although some aspects are specific to the United States, the vast majority of the material is internationally-relevant and therefore suitable for forensic anthropology courses in other countries. Provides a comprehensive lab manual that is applicable to coursework in forensic anthropology and archaeology Covers all practical aspects of forensic anthropology, from field recoveries, to lab analyses Includes discussions of human osteology and odontology, examination methods, medicolegal significance, scene processing methods, forensic taphonomy, skeletal processing and sampling, sex estimation, and more Emphasizes best practices in the field, providing an approach that is in line with today's professional forensic anthropology

Biological Anthropology and Ethics

Biological Anthropology and Ethics
  • Author : Trudy R. Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-01
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 9780791484067
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Summary : The first comprehensive account of the ethical issues facing biological anthropologists today.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
  • Author : Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-28
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781315528922
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Summary : With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology

Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Linda L. Klepinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-23
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9780470007716
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Summary : An essential foundation for the practice of forensic anthropology This text is the first of its level written in more than twenty years. It serves as a summary and guide to the core material that needs to be mastered and evaluated for the practice of forensic anthropology. The text is divided into three parts that collectively provide a solid base in theory and methodology: Part One, "Background Setting for Forensic Anthropology," introduces the field and discusses the role of forensic anthropology in historic context. Part Two, "Towards Personal Identification," discusses initial assessments of skeletal remains; determining sex, age, ancestral background, and stature; and skeletal markers of activity and life history. Part Three, "Principal Anthropological Roles in Medical-Legal Investigation," examines trauma; the postmortem period; professionalism, ethics, and the expert witness; and genetics and DNA. The critical and evaluative approach to the primary literature stresses the inherent biological constraints on degrees of precision and certainty, and cautions about potential pitfalls. The practical focus, coupled with theoretical basics, make Fundamentals of Forensic Anthropology ideal for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in biological anthropology as well as forensic scientists in allied fields of medical-legal investigation.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
  • Author : Joshua Blau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-03
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9781315427751
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Summary : Over the last 10 years interest in the disciplines of forensic anthropology and archaeology has exploded. In order to provide archaeologists and their students with a reliable understanding of these disciplines, this authoritative volume draws contributions from fifty experienced practitioners from around the world to offer a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. Over 40 chapters weave together historical development, current field methods in analyzing crime, natural disasters and human atrocities, an array of laboratory techniques, key case studies, legal, professional, and ethical issues, and promising future directions, all from a global perspective. This volume will be the benchmark for the understanding of anthropological and archaeological forensics for years to come.

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains

Ethical Approaches to Human Remains
  • Author : Kirsty Squires,David Errickson,Nicholas Márquez-Grant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-02
  • Total pages :649
  • ISBN : 3030329283
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Summary : This book is the first of its kind, combining international perspectives on the current ethical considerations and challenges facing bioarchaeologists in the recovery, analysis, curation, and display of human remains. It explores how museum curators, commercial practitioners, forensic anthropologists, and bioarchaeologists deal with ethical issues pertaining to human remains in traditional and digital settings around the world. The book not only raises key ethical questions concerning the study, display, and curation of skeletal remains that bioarchaeologists must face and overcome in different countries, but also explores how this global community can work together to increase awareness of similar and, indeed, disparate ethical considerations around the world and how they can be addressed in working practices. The key aspects addressed include ethics in bioarchaeology and forensic anthropology, the excavation, curation, and display of human remains, repatriation, and new imaging techniques. As such, the book offers an ideal guide for students and practitioners in the fields of bioarchaeology, osteoarchaeology, forensic anthropology, medical anthropology, archaeology, anatomy, museum and archive studies, and philosophy, detailing how some ethical dilemmas have been addressed and which future dilemmas need to be considered.

Hard Evidence

Hard Evidence
  • Author : Dawnie Wolfe Steadman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-07
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9781317347965
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Summary : An essential supplement to a forensic anthropology text, this reader provides case studies that demonstrate innovative approaches and practical experiences in the field. The book provides both introductory and advanced students with a strong sense of the cases that forensic anthropologists become involved, along with their professional and ethical responsibilities, the scientific rigor required, and the multidisciplinary nature of the science. For courses in Forensic Anthropology and Forensic Science.

Forensic Anthropology

Forensic Anthropology
  • Author : Max M. Houck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-30
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780128025239
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Summary : Forensic Anthropology serves as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching forensic anthropology, as well as an excellent reference for forensic anthropologist libraries or for use in casework. Covers taphonomy, recovery and analysis, identification, statistical interpretation, and professional issues. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report, Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward, and is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides the basic principles of forensic science and an overview of forensic anthropology Contains sections on taphonomy, recovery, analysis, pathology, and identification Covers statistical interpretation of evidence using the classical-frequentist approach and Bayesian analysis, measurement uncertainty, and standard methods Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, expert witness testimony, and health and safety Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion questions, and additional reading suggestions

Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science

Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science
  • Author : Robin T. Bowen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 1420088963
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Summary : While we would like to believe that forensic science professionals are intrinsically ethical by nature, the reality is that these individuals have moral compasses as varied as those of any individual you may know. They confront ethical dilemmas every day, some with clear-cut protocols and others that frequently have no definitive answers. Ethics and the Practice of Forensic Science explores the range of ethical issues facing those who work in the field and highlights the complicated nature of ethical decision-making in this complex arena. Ethics in the courtroom and the lab Written by one of the leading researchers in forensic ethics, the book provides data-driven examples of the behaviors – both good and bad – that shape the forensic profession. It provides real examples of ethical behavior combined with research to demonstrate how ethics works (and sometimes does not) in this richly interesting scientific field. The book begins by exploring philosophical approaches related to ethical decision-making. It examines the ethics of the criminal justice culture, ethical issues in the courtroom, and ethics in science and research. Next, the book shifts to a discussion of unethical behavior, and provides actual case studies spotlighting ethical breaches, including the O.J. Simpson case and other reported examples. Ethics codes in various organizations The book concludes with a discussion of the code of ethics. Appendices discuss research data on ethics in forensic science and provide ethics codes from various forensic science organizations. Offering a lively source of debate for professionals and academics, this volume provides a window on a topic that is frequently fraught with uncertainty. Robin T. Bowen was interviewed recently for Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology.

Ethics in Forensic Science

Ethics in Forensic Science
  • Author : Peter D. Barnett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-27
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781420041620
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Summary : With the complexity of the interactions between the methodology of science, the principles of justice, and the realities of the practice of law and criminalistics, ethical issues frequently arise. One of the hallmarks of a profession is a code of ethics to govern the actions of members of the profession with one another, with users of the professional service, and with those who are affected by actions of the practitioner. Ethics in Forensic Science: Professional Standards for the Practice of Criminalistics examines the necessity for a code of ethics for forensic scientists, describes the fundamental features of such an ethical code, illustrates some ethical conflicts that arise in the course of professional practice, and gives examples of resolution of some of these conflicts. This volume also describes the development of alternative ethical codes that have been adopted by forensic science organizations. It explores the strengths and weaknesses of varied codes and provides concrete examples that illustrate alternative courses of action that might be taken and how different codes of ethics may require, permit, or proscribe alternatives under consideration.

Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System

Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System
  • Author : Laura C. Fulginiti,Kristen Hartnett-McCann,Alison Galloway
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-26
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781119470038
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Summary : A guide to the interface between forensic anthropology and the United States legal system Designed for forensic anthropologists at all levels of expertise, Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System offers a comprehensive examination of how to effectively present osteological analyses, research and interpretations in the courtroom. Written by noted experts, the book contains an historical perspective of the topic, a review of current legislation that affects expert testimony as well as vital information on courtroom procedure and judicial expectation of experts. A comprehensive book, Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System explains how to prepare case reports and offers suggestions for getting ready for pre-trial interviews. The book also includes detailed information on affidavits, fee structures and dealing with opposing experts. This book is part of the popular Wiley – American Association for Forensic Sciences series and: Offers a unique volume that addresses the interface between forensic anthropology and the legal system Contains detailed guidelines for expert testimony by forensic anthropologists with all levels of experience, from beginner to expert Includes information from the perspective of the Judiciary in terms of process and expectations of the Court Shows how to maintain independence from, and collaborate with other experts Presents detailed explanations of current legislation impacting forensic science Forensic Anthropology and the United States Judicial System is an information-filled guide for practitioners of the rapidly growing field that integrates forensic sciences and the judicial system.

Professional Issues in Forensic Science

Professional Issues in Forensic Science
  • Author : Max M. Houck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-15
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9780128006238
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Summary : Professional Issues in Forensic Science will introduce students to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science. Legal implications within the field will focus on expert witness testimony and procedural rules defined by both legislative statute and court decisions. These decisions affect the collection, analysis, and court admissibility of scientific evidence, such as the Frye and Daubert standards and the Federal Rules of Evidence. Existing and pending Forensic Science legislation will be covered, including laws governing state and national DNA databases. Ethical concerns stemming from the day-to-day balancing of competing priorities encountered by the forensic student will be discussed. Such competing priorities may cause conflicts between good scientific practice and the need to expedite work, meet legal requirements, and satisfy client’s wishes. The role of individual morality in Forensic Science and competing ethical standards between state and defense experts will be addressed. Examinations of ethical guidelines issued by various professional forensic organizations will be conducted. Students will be presented with examples of ethical dilemmas for comment and resolution. The management of crime laboratories will provide discussion on quality assurance/quality control practices and the standards required by the accreditation of laboratories and those proposed by Scientific Working Groups in Forensic Science. The national Academy of Sciences report on Strengthening Forensic Science will be examined to determine the impact of the field. Professional Issues in Forensic Science is a core topic taught in forensic science programs. This volume will be an essential advanced text for academics and an excellent reference for the newly practicing forensic scientist. It will also fit strategically and cluster well with our other forensic science titles addressing professional issues. Introduces readers to various topics they will encounter within the field of Forensic Science Covers legal issues, accreditation and certification, proper analysis, education and training, and management issues Includes a section on professional organizations and groups, both in the U.S. and Internationally Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions

Forensic Human Identification

Forensic Human Identification
  • Author : Tim Thompson,Sue Black
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-14
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781420005714
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Summary : Identity theft, criminal investigations of the dead or missing, mass disasters both by natural causes and by criminal intent with this as our day to day reality, the establishment and verification of human identity has never been more important or more prominent in our society. Maintaining and protecting the integrity of out identity has reached

Ethics in Forensic Science

Ethics in Forensic Science
  • Author : J. C. Upshaw Downs,Anjali Ranadive Swienton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 9780123850195
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Summary : The word "ethical" can be defined as proper conduct. A failure of forensic scientists to act ethically can result in serious adverse outcomes. However, while seemingly simple to define, the application of being "ethical" is somewhat more obscure. That is, when is ethical, ethical, and when is it not? Because we have an adversarial legal system, differences of opinion exist in forensic science. However, there are instances when differences are so divergent that an individual's ethics are called into question. In light of not only the O.J. Simpson trial - the first national trial to question the ethical behavior of forensic scientists - and the National Academy of Science critique of forensic science, ethical issues have come to the forefront of concern within the forensic community.

Ethics and Anthropology

Ethics and Anthropology
  • Author : Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-03
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9780759121881
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Summary : Ethics and Anthropology comprehensively embraces issues and dilemmas faced in all four of the discipline's fields. Not merely a subject to be considered when seeking the approval of institutional review boards, ethics is anthropology. Fluehr-Lobban explores the critical application of core ethical principles—do no harm, apply informed consent in all stages of research, practice transparency, collaborate—from the initial stages of crafting a proposal and executing research through writing and publication of findings. She provides a frank, up-to-date consideration of best practices and trends and incorporates recommendations from the most recent AAA Code of Ethics. To help students understand the art of ethics in principle and in practice, she draws on anthropological history and discourse as well as cross-cultural and interdisciplinary examples; questions for discussion round out each chapter.

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Encyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine
  • Author : Jason Payne-James
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 0125479735
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Summary :

Guide to Information Sources in the Forensic Sciences

Guide to Information Sources in the Forensic Sciences
  • Author : Cynthia Holt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105114529659
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Summary : From the O. J. Simpson case to the CSI franchise, more and more of us are aware of and curious about the world of forensic science. Cynthia Holt takes that interest and directs it toward the literature that supports and defines the study of how evidence is discovered at a crime scene, interpreted in a lab, and used in a court of law. Her bibliography, grouped by type of material, covers topics such as ballistics, DNA analysis, entymology, expert witnessing, and facial imaging/reconstruction, as well as contributions from academic fields such as anthropology, linguistics, and engineering.

Manual of Forensic Science

Manual of Forensic Science
  • Author : Anna Barbaro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :289
  • ISBN : 9781498766326
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Summary : A truly international and multi-disciplinary compendium of current best practices authored by top practitioners from around the world, the book covers current trends and technology advances in the following disciplines within forensic science: bloodstain pattern analysis, forensic photography, ballistics, latent prints, forensic genetics and DNA, questioned documents, forensic toxicology, forensic clinical medicine, forensic pathology, forensic odontology, forensic anthropology, forensic entomology, forensic biometry, forensic psychology and profiling, law comparison and ethics, and much more. The book serves as an invaluable resource and handbook for forensic professionals throughout the world.