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European Glacial Landscapes

European Glacial Landscapes
  • Author : David Palacios,P.D. Hughes,Jose M. Garcia Ruiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-11-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 0128234989
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Summary : European Glacial Landscapes: The Role of Glaciers in Shaping the Landscape of Europe brings together relevant experts on the history of glaciers and their impact on the landscape of the main regions of Europe. In some regions the largest recorded glaciations occurred before the Last Glacial Cycle, in one of the major glacial cycles of the Middle Pleistocene. However, the best-preserved evidence of glaciation in the landscape is from the Last Glacial Cycle (Late Pleistocene). In many areas, the European glaciers recorded their last maximum expansion from around between 29,000 to 19,000 years ago, when ice-sheets covered all the Scandinavian countries, Finland, much of the British Isles, the shores of the Baltic Sea and Central-Europe until roughly the present Rhine River. The glaciers covered also large areas of the main European mountains, such as the Urals, the Carpathians, the Alps, the Balkans, the Pyrenees, etc. Even in the southernmost mountains glaciers were present, sometimes forming substantial ice caps with cirque glaciers on relatively low mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The book examines the landscapes produced by glaciers throughout Europe, from the earliest recorded glaciations to the most impressive and most obvious legacy of the Last Glacial Cycle.In addition to the geomorphological effects of glaciations, the book also examines the chronology and evolution of the past glaciers, with the aim of understanding the interrelationship between glacial expansion and climate changes on this continent. Glacial expansion and retreat occurred numerous times over the last million years, with cold periods interrupted by short warm periods, interglacials, with massive shrinkage of the glaciers. Curiously, each of glacial expansions in Europe reached limits very similar to the previous ones, erasing in part previous landforms and deposits. In fact, the glaciers of the Last Glacial Cycle erased most of the landforms left by the previous cycles, although with a few notable exceptions. The book also analyses these older glacial landforms that can sometimes still be seen in the landscape today. Together, the glacial landforms and associated deposits of Europe represent highly valuable heritage of past environmental changes and their consequences on the layout of rivers, soil characteristics, coastal, lowlands and highland landforms. This analysis serves to better understand the succession of Pleistocene glaciations and the intervening interglacial periods and to examine their possible continental synchrony or asynchrony of past glacier behaviour. The ultimate result of this analysis is to provide important new insights and information on the origin and effects of climatic and geomorphological variability across Europe. Provides a synthesis that highlights the main similarities or differences, through both space and time, during the maximum recorded expansions of Pleistocene glaciers in Europe Features research from experts in glacial geomorphology, palaeo-glaciology, palaeo-climatology and palaeo-oceanography on glacial expansion in Europe Includes access to a website with an interactive map, photos of glacial features, and geospatial data about the landscapes related to glacial expansions in Europe

Glacier Evolution in a Changing World

Glacier Evolution in a Changing World
  • Author : Danilo Godone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-04
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9789535135432
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Summary : Glaciers have always played an important role in human history, and currently, they are carefully observed as climate change sentinels. Glacier melt rate is increasing, and its mass balance is continuously negative. This issue deserves accurate and in-depth studies in order to, adequately, monitor its state. This circumstance in fact endangers the water supply, affecting human settlements but also creating new environments allowing the colonization by pioneer communities and the formation of new landscapes. This book is subdivided into two main sections in order to deal with the two topics of worldwide research on glaciers and ecology in glacial environments. In the first one "Glaciers in the World," several reviews and studies are collected. It is an overview of glaciers, their state, and research carried out in different continents and contexts. The second section "Glacial Ecosystems" focuses, on the other hand, on glacier environments and ecological researches.

Geology and Landscape Evolution

Geology and Landscape Evolution
  • Author : Joseph A. DiPietro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-16
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9780128111925
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Summary : Geology and Landscape Evolution: General Principles Applied to the United States, Second Edition, is an accessible text that balances interdisciplinary theory and applications within the physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States. The vast diversity of terrain and landscape across the United States makes this an ideal tool for geoscientists worldwide who research the country’s geological and landscape evolution. The book provides an explanation of how landscape forms, how it evolves and why it looks the way it does. This new edition is fully updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs. Rather than limiting the coverage specifically to tectonics or to the origin and evolution of rocks with little regard for the actual landscape beyond general desert, river and glacial features, this book concentrates specifically on the origin of the landscape itself, with specific and exhaustive reference to examples from across the United States. The book begins with a discussion of how rock type and rock structure combine with tectonic activity, climate, isostasy and sea level change to produce landscape and then explores predicting how landscape will evolve. The book goes on to apply those concepts to specific examples throughout the United States, making it a valuable resource for understanding theoretical geological concepts through a practical lens. Presents the complexities of physical geography, geology, geomorphology and climatology of the United States through an interdisciplinary, highly accessible approach Offers hundreds of full-color figures, maps and photographs that capture the systematic interaction of land, rock, rivers, glaciers, global wind patterns and climate, including Google Earth images Provides a thorough assessment of the logic, rationale, and tools required to understand how to interpret landscape and the geological history of the Earth Features exercises that conclude each chapter, aiding in the retention of key concepts Updated with greater detail throughout and additional figures, maps, drawings and photographs Includes additional subheadings so that material is easier to find and digest Includes an all-new chapter on glaciation and expanded exercises using Google Earth images to enhance understanding

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation

Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the European Landscape During the Last Glaciation
  • Author : Leslie Aiello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : UOM:39015060041392
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Summary : "The results provide revolutionary insights into the glacial climate of Stage 3 and the landscapes and resources that influenced late Palaeolithic life-styles. New hypotheses are offered to explain why and how Neanderthal and modern human societies chose where to settle and why they moved on in the face of ever-changing conditions. Above all, the models presented in this volume raise a host of new questions about differences in the human responses to climate and environment, not just between the two separate human species but also between those who arrived early and those who followed later."--BOOK JACKET.

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains

Quaternary Glaciation in the Mediterranean Mountains
  • Author : P.D. Hughes,J.C. Woodward
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-30
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781862397477
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Summary : The mountains of the Mediterranean world are now largely ice free, but many were repeatedly glaciated during the Quaternary ice age. This created spectacular glaciated landscapes with a rich array of glacial deposits and landforms. The glacial and glacio-fluvial records are often very well preserved and our understanding of the timing of Quaternary glaciation has very recently been transformed through the application of dating methods utilizing uranium-series and cosmogenic isotopes. Glacial records from the Mediterranean now boast some of the most robust chronologies for mountain glaciation anywhere in the world – they represent a unique archive of Quaternary environmental change of global significance. The southerly latitude and relatively small size of Mediterranean glaciers rendered them especially sensitive to Pleistocene and Holocene climate changes. This volume brings together the leading researchers and the latest research on Mediterranean glaciation. Several papers also explore glacier behaviour in the Holocene – including those glaciers of southernmost Europe at risk of disappearing this century.

Desolate Landscapes

Desolate Landscapes
  • Author : John F. Hoffecker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 0813529921
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Summary : The burning question, of course, is why a creature that originated in cozy tropical Africa would go live in a cold and dry place, especially at its coldest and driest, between 300,000 and 12,000 years ago. Alas, no pioneer journals survive, at least translated into a modern European language; and Hoffecker (U. of Colorado-Boulder), a specialist in the archaeology of people in cold environments, true to his sources, remains silent on the issue. He summarizes the Ice Age settlement of Eastern European during the transition from Neanderthals to immediate human ancestors, within the context of human evolution as a whole. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology

Quaternary Glaciations - Extent and Chronology
  • Author : J. Ehlers,P.L. Gibbard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-02
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0080474071
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Summary : This book is the second of three volumes in which the recent knowledge of the extent and chronology of Quaternary glaciations has been compiled on a global scale. This information is seen as a fundamental requirement, not only for the glacial community, but for the wider user-community of general Quaternary workers. In particular the need for accurate ice-front positions is a basic requirement for the rapidly growing field of palaeoclimate modelling. In order to provide the information for the widest-possible range of users in the most accessible form, a series of digital maps was prepared. The glacial limits were mapped in ArcView, the Geographical Information System (GIS) used by the work group. Included with the publication is a CD with digital maps, showing glacial limits, end moraines, ice-dammed lakes, glacier-induced drainage diversions and the locations of key sections through which the glacial limits are defined and dated. The last deglaciation is also shown in 500 year time-steps. The digital maps in this volume cover the USA and Canada and include Greenland and Hawaii. Both overview maps and more detailed maps at a scale 1: 1,000,000 are provided. Also available: Part I: Europe, ISBN 0-444-51462-7 Part III: South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, ISBN 0-444-51593-3

Geomorphology of Proglacial Systems

Geomorphology of Proglacial Systems
  • Author : Tobias Heckmann,David Morche
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-23
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 3319941828
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Summary : This book discusses the recession of alpine glaciers since the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA), which has been accelerating in the past decades. It provides an overview of the research in the field, presenting definitions and information about the different proglacial areas and systems. A number of case studies are from the PROSA project group which encompasses the expertise of geomorphologists, geologists, glaciologists and geodesists. The PROSA joint project (High-resolution measurements of morphodynamics in rapidly changing PROglacial Systems of the Alps) is determined to tackle the problems of geomorphic activity on sediment export through a quantification of sediment fluxes effected by the aforementioned geomorphic processes within the forefield of the Gepatschferner glacier (Central Alps, Austria).

Landscapes in History

Landscapes in History
  • Author : Philip Pregill,Nancy Volkman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : UOM:39015048326626
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Summary : This beautifully illustrated, elegant synthesis of current research and interpretation of European and North American landscape use is the most comprehensive volume available in the field. Much more than an up-to-date overview, the book offers a treatment of cultural, social, political, technological, and philosophical issues as they influence landscape history, including an examination of the environmental impact of human activity. In addition, it closely traces the development of the discipline and profession of landscape architecture. Drawn from the latest literature and documentation, it also reflects the authors many years of field observation and analysis. The authors begin by taking you through European and neighboring landscapes, including the Near East and North Africa. They track the development of human activity through early settlement, agriculturalization, industrialization, and the modern period. Next you'll explore North American land use and landscape architecture history, beginning with the influence of Native American cultures. Particular attention is paid to the impact of Euro-American attitudes and practices upon a landscape with limited human alterations to natural systems. You'll also learn about the emergence of the profession of landscape architecture from related disciplines in the mid-nineteenth century. Significant cultural influences, social trends, individuals, sites, and landscape regions in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico are all fully treated. Throughout, the book emphasizes the multicultural experience of landscape. It also brings you a more thorough discussion of the American landscape than any other work of its kind. Other up-to-the-minute topics includeecology, conservation, and environmental impact; a geographic context for design and planning; the relationship of values to land use; pre-Columbian landscape, design and planning; historic preservation; and environmental art. In addition, the book examines the role of six key issues in human interaction with the environment; the relationship of people to the natural environment; the effect of technology; human values concerning urban, rural, and natural landscapes; the symbolism of landscape; the social role of design and the role of aesthetics in land planning and design. Containing useful chapter summaries and bibliographies, this is the ideal introductory text for undergraduate and graduate students of landscape architecture and related studies. Landscape architects, architects, and planners should also read it in order to explore historical trends in social, cultural, and environmental contexts, and to better understand landscape architecture as a distinctive discipline.

European Life, Legend, and Landscape

European Life, Legend, and Landscape
  • Author : John Robinson Tait
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1859
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : HARVARD:HNUMTD
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Summary :

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments
  • Author : Vivien Gornitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-31
  • Total pages :1049
  • ISBN : 9781402045516
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Summary : One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

The Rural Landscapes of Europe

The Rural Landscapes of Europe
  • Author : Urban Emanuelsson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :383
  • ISBN : CHI:092583264
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Summary :

Glacial Deposits

Glacial Deposits
  • Author : Richard Parker Goldthwait
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822012657516
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Summary : Reprints of the most illuminating original writings on glacial deposits, particularly concerned with process and origin.

The History of the Study of Landforms: The life and work of William Morris Davis

The History of the Study of Landforms: The life and work of William Morris Davis
  • Author : Richard J. Chorley,Antony J. Dunn,Robert Percy Beckinsale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:49015002175686
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Summary :

The Late Glacial in North-west Europe

The Late Glacial in North-west Europe
  • Author : Nicholas Barton,Alison J. Roberts,Derek Arthur Roe,Council for British Archaeology
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :279
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105000360706
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Summary :

Geoheritage

Geoheritage
  • Author : Emmanuel Reynard,José Brilha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-05
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9780128095423
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Summary : For the last 20 years there has been a growing interest in the geosciences for topics related to geoheritage: geoconservation, geotourism and geoparks. Geoheritage: Assessment, Protection, and Management is the first and only reference book to cover these main topics as well as the relationship of geoheritage to other subjects such as landscapes, conservation, and tourism. The book also includes methodologies for assessment, mapping, and visualisation, along with case studies and colour images of some of the most important global geosites. This book is an essential resource for geoscientists, park and geopark managers, tourism and regional planning managers, as well as university students interested in geoheritage, geosites, geomorphosites, geoconservation, and geotourism. It also includes critical information on UNESCO’s Global Geoparks, World Heritage and Biosphere Reserve sites, national parks and protected areas in general, land-use planning and nature conservation policies, and in the general contribution of geodiversity for sustainable development. Winner of the 2019 AESE Award for Outstanding Publication Written by a panel of 46 authors from 14 countries in all continents Based on conceptual, methodological, and applied research carried out by academics and practitioners Includes 160 colour images and maps of geoheritage sites Features six case studies from sites in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-24
  • Total pages :3576
  • ISBN : 9780080547824
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Summary : The quaternary sciences constitute a dynamic, multidisciplinary field of research that has been growing in scientific and societal importance in recent years. This branch of the Earth sciences links ancient prehistory to modern environments. Quaternary terrestrial sediments contain the fossil remains of existing species of flora and fauna, and their immediate predecessors. Quaternary science plays an integral part in such important issues for modern society as groundwater resources and contamination, sea level change, geologic hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis), and soil erosion. With over 360 articles and 2,600 pages, many in full-color, the Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science provides broad ranging, up-to-date articles on all of the major topics in the field. Written by a team of leading experts and under the guidance of an international editorial board, the articles are at a level that allows undergraduate students to understand the material, while providing active researchers with the latest information in the field. Also available online via ScienceDirect (2006) – featuring extensive browsing, searching, and internal cross-referencing between articles in the work, plus dynamic linking to journal articles and abstract databases, making navigation flexible and easy. For more information, pricing options and availability visit www.info.sciencedirect.com. 360 individual articles written by prominent international authorities, encompassing all important aspects of quaternary science Each entry provides comprehensive, in-depth treatment of an overview topic and presented in a functional, clear and uniform layout Reference section provides guidence for further research on the topic Article text supported by full-color photos, drawings, tables, and other visual material Writing level is suited to both the expert and non-expert

Nature in Northern Europe

Nature in Northern Europe
  • Author : Eeva-Liisa Hallanaro,Marja Pylvänäinen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105025944328
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Summary : Boken gir en detaljert oversikt over naturen i Nord-Europa, og tar for seg dyreliv fra Island til Nordvest-Russland, og fra Danmark til Svalbard. Boken setter søkelys på regionens vide spekter av planter og dyr, og hvor de hører hjemme. Man ser også på hvilke betingelser som i årenes løp har formet dyre- og plantelivet, med hovedvekt på menneskenes inngripen i naturen i eldre og nyere tid. En rekke arter har fått egne artikler. Rikt illustrert med fargefotografier, kart og tegninger.

The European Culture Area

The European Culture Area
  • Author : Alexander B. Murphy,Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov,Bella Bychkova Jordan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-15
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781538127605
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Summary : Now in an updated, full-color edition, this leading textbook has been thoroughly revised to reflect the sweeping economic, social, political, and environmental changes facing Europe. Inclusive, rich in ideas, lively, interesting, and humanistic, The European Culture Area remains the text of choice for courses on the geography of Europe.--Corey Johnson, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Reading the Landscape of Europe

Reading the Landscape of Europe
  • Author : May Theilgaard Watts
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1971
  • Total pages :19
  • ISBN : WISC:89043248384
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Summary : An exploration of the subtle and complex relations of man and nature in Europe.

Glacial Deposits in Northeast Europe

Glacial Deposits in Northeast Europe
  • Author : J. Ehlers,Ph.L. Gibbard,S. Kozarski,J. Rose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-27
  • Total pages :636
  • ISBN : 9781000099720
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Summary : Until now no overview of the Quaternary deposits of northeastern Europe has been available. This book fills the gap. It presents the state of research on Quaternary stratigraphy and geology, with emphasis on glacial deposits, discusses the general scientific ideas and gives an overview of the methods of investigation, some of which have rarely been applied elsewhere. It has become apparent that the region covered has many environmental problems, and a proper understanding of the Quaternary deposits is a basic requirement for dealing with them. The same is true for civil engineering. In the formerly glaciated areas almost all construction sites for roads and houses will encounter glacial deposits. This volume provides an authoritative and fascinating overview for anyone planning to venture into this field. In its 53 regional chapters the book covers Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, the Czech Republic and eastern Germany. From the text it becomes clear that not all the stratigraphical schemes are yet fully compatible or comprehensible. There can be no doubt, however, that the east was subjected to very extensive ice advances during the earlier Pleistocene. Also, in contrast to western Europe, there was a significant Early Weichselian ice advance, although not as extensive as the last, Late Weichselian event. The book is illustrated by 421 figures and 74 colour plates (mostly photographs). There are 23 tables, a detailed index and a list of over 1000 references, providing a unique collection of northeastern European geoscience literature, much of which has so far escaped the attention of western scientists. The volume, composed of contributions by 60 scientists, completes the trilogy on glacial deposits of northern Europe. Together with its two companion volumes, the Glacial deposits in North-West Europe and the Glacial Deposits in Great Britain and Ireland, it represents an invaluable source of information for the geoscientist, the advanced student or the amateur.