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Evolution of Vulnerability

Evolution of Vulnerability
  • Author : David C. Geary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-28
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9780128017470
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Summary : Biologists have known for decades that many traits involved in competition for mates or other resources and that influence mate choice are exaggerated, and their expression is influenced by the individuals’ ability to tolerate a variety of environmental and social stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability applies this concept of heightened sensitivity to humans for a host of physical, social, psychological, cognitive, and brain traits. By reframing the issue entirely, renowned evolutionary psychologist David C. Geary demonstrates this principle can be used to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes and identify specific traits in each sex and at different points in development that are most easily disrupted by exposure to stressors. Evolution of Vulnerability begins by reviewing the expansive literature on traits predicted to show sex-specific sensitivity to environmental and social stressors, and details the implications for better assessing and understanding the consequences of exposure to these stressors. Next, the book reviews sexual selection—mate competition and choice—and the mechanisms involved in the evolution of condition dependent traits and the stressors that can undermine their development and expression, such as poor early nutrition and health, parasites, social stress, and exposure to man-made toxins. Then it reviews condition dependent traits (physical, behavioral, cognitive, and brain) in birds, fish, insects, and mammals to demonstrate the ubiquity of these traits in nature. The focus then turns to humans and covers sex-specific vulnerabilities in children and adults for physical traits, social behavior, psychological wellbeing, and brain and cognitive traits. The sensitivity of these traits is related to exposure to parasites, poor nutrition, social maltreatment, environmental toxins, chemotherapy, and Alzheimer’s disease, among others. The book concludes with an implications chapter that outlines how to better assess vulnerabilities in children and adults and how to more fully understand how, why, and when in development some types of environmental and social stressors are particularly harmful to humans. Describes evolved sex differences, providing predictions on the traits that will show sex-specific vulnerabilities Presents an extensive review of condition-dependent traits in non-human species, greatly expanding existing reviews published in scientific journals, and more critically, extending these to humans Applies condition-dependent traits to humans to identify children, adolescents, or populations at risk for poor long-term outcomes

Chile: Annexes

Chile: Annexes
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UTEXAS:059173006205485
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Summary :

Violence, Vulnerability and Embodiment

Violence, Vulnerability and Embodiment
  • Author : Shani D'Cruze,Anupama Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-05
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 1405120924
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Summary : This well-illustrated collection uses new and interdisciplinary approaches in gender history to explore violence as a form of gendered embodiment across place and time, from the medieval world to the twenty-first century. Uses new and interdisciplinary approaches in gender history. Considers the issues across time, from the classical world to the twenty-first century. Covers a wide range of locations, including Africa, China, Europe, India, Latin America, the Middle East, and Russia. Academically and theoretically innovative. Includes work by authors from different countries and different disciplines. Helps readers to understand violence both as a diagnostic for deeper, more complex historical structures, and as a performative act that can be read symptomatically.

The Evolution of National Wildlife Law

The Evolution of National Wildlife Law
  • Author : Environmental Law Institute,Michael J. Bean
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :485
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112010185053
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Summary :

Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution

Integrative Approaches to Human Health and Evolution
  • Author : Timothy G. Bromage,Emiliano Aguirre,Anxo Vidal,Alejandro Perez-Ochoa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : UOM:39015064121885
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Summary : Contained in this book are the proceedings of the Fundacion Ramon Areces International Symposium, concerning research in human health and evolution subject areas. Their combined study represents not only scientific balance, but also the potential for profound novel insights on the human condition."

The Theoretical Evolution of International Political Economy

The Theoretical Evolution of International Political Economy
  • Author : George T. Crane,Abla Amawi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 0195094433
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Summary : This collection of seminal readings in international political economy charts the historical and theoretical evolution of the field from the eighteenth century to the present day. Bringing together classic works and leading contemporary arguments, this book outlines the development of three schools of IPE thought -- Liberalism, Marxism, and Realism -- and also includes recent syntheses of these approaches to show how conventional theoretical categories are giving way to more eclectic conceptual schemes. The second edition features an added section on the postmodern turn in the study of international political economy, and includes a number of new readings. The readings include works by Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List, David Ricardo, Adam Smith, Lenin, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Richard Cooper, Robert O. Keohane, Joseph S. Nye, Christopher Chase-Dunn, Robert Cox, Robert Gilpin, Mancur Olson, Richard Zeckhauser, Bruno S. Frey, Immanuel Wallerstein, Susan Strange, Donald J. Puchala, Raymond F. Hopkins, Alice A. Amsden, Peter M. Haas, David Harvey, and Michael J. Shapiro. Providing many of the most frequently cited IPE references in a single volume, the second edition of The Theoretical Evolution of International Political Economy will no doubt be a valuable resource for students of international relations and international economics.

Evolutionary Studies

Evolutionary Studies
  • Author : Glenn Geher,David Sloan Wilson,Andrew Gallup,Hadassah Head
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780190624965
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Summary : There is a paradox when it comes to Darwinian ideas within the academy. On one hand, Darwin's theories have famously changed the foundational ideas related to the origins of life, shaping entire disciplines in the biological sciences. On the other hand, people in educated societies across the globe today are famously misinformed and uneducated about Darwinian principles and ideas. Applications of evolutionary theory outside the traditional areas of biology have been slow to progress, and scholars doing such work regularly run into all kinds of political backlash. However, a slow but steady push to advance the teaching of evolution across academic disciplines has been under way for more than a decade. This book serves to integrate the vast literature in the interdisciplinary field of Evolutionary Studies (EvoS), providing clear examples of how evolutionary concepts relate to all facets of life. Further, this book provides chapters dedicated to the processes associated with an EvoS education, including examples of how an interdisciplinary approach to evolutionary theory has been implemented successfully at various colleges, universities, and degree programs. This book also offers chapters outlining a variety of applications to an evolution education, including improved sustainable development, medical practices, and creative and critical thinking skills. Exploring controversies surrounding evolution education, this volume provides a roadmap to asking and answering Darwinian questions across all areas of intellectual inquiry.

Vulnerability

Vulnerability
  • Author : Martha Albertson Fineman,Anna Grear
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-11
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9781317000907
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Summary : Martha Albertson Fineman’s earlier work developed a theory of inevitable and derivative dependencies as a way of problematizing the core assumptions underlying the ’autonomous’ subject of liberal law and politics in the context of US equality discourse. Her ’vulnerability thesis’ represents the evolution of that earlier work and situates human vulnerability as a critical heuristic for exploring alternative legal and political foundations. This book draws together major British and American scholars who present different perspectives on the concept of vulnerability and Fineman's ’vulnerability thesis’. The contributors include scholars who have thought about vulnerability in different ways and contexts prior to encountering Fineman’s work, as well as those for whom Fineman’s work provided an introduction to thinking through a vulnerability lens. This collection demonstrates the broad and intellectually exciting potential of vulnerability as a theoretical foundation for legal and political engagements with a range of urgent contemporary challenges. Exploring ways in which vulnerability might provide a new ethical foundation for law and politics, the book will be of interest to the general reader, as well as academics and students in fields such as jurisprudence, philosophy, legal theory, political theory, feminist theory, and ethics.

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophrenia Bulletin
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCBK:C028639862
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Summary :

The Vulnerable Aged

The Vulnerable Aged
  • Author : Zev Harel,Phyllis Ehrlich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : UOM:39015019630774
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Summary : Papers from a conference on the title topic, held at Cleveland State U., April 1988, provide scientific and professional definitions of vulnerability in the aged and select examples of vulnerable populations. They also offer conceptual discussions and empirical data on personal, social, societal, and environmental determinants, as well as consequences of vulnerability. Acidic paper. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Vulnerability of Coastal Ecosystems and Adaptation

Vulnerability of Coastal Ecosystems and Adaptation
  • Author : André Monaco,Patrick Prouzet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-01
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781119007753
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Summary : The vulnerability of socio-ecosystem combines the probability of exposure to natural or anthropogenic pressure, sensitivity and resilience. This book presents a systemic view of the diversity of pressures and impacts produced by climate change and human actions. Erosion of biodiversity by changing ocean chemistry, the intensification of global change raises the problem of the adaptation of living resources.

Evolution of U.S. Counterterrorism Policy

Evolution of U.S. Counterterrorism Policy
  • Author : Yonah Alexander,Michael Kraft
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12
  • Total pages :1456
  • ISBN : 0275995291
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Summary : Using primary documents and analysis, this two volume set completely breaks down U.S. counter-terrorism policy both before and after 9/11.

Revolution Or Evolution?

Revolution Or Evolution?
  • Author : Dalhousie University. Centre for Foreign Policy Studies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :292
  • ISBN : PSU:000063017557
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Summary :

East Asia Integrates

East Asia Integrates
  • Author : Kathie Krumm,Homi Kharas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-01-01
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780821383452
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Summary : Emerging East Asian economies have seen their share of world exports more than triple during the past quarter-century, and intraregional trade has driven this growth. Broad measures of development in East Asia have improved at the same headlong pace. Why push further integration now? Two economic events of historic proportions provide the context: strategic thinking of development in the region following the East Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 and the accession of China to the World Trade Organization. Policymakers interested in a stable, prosperous region are concerned by mildly rising inequality within countries and a widening gap between richer economies and the poorest economies. Increasingly, the development agenda in the region with its focus on growth, jobs, and social stability and the trade policy agenda with its focus on market access and competitiveness have become intertwined. East Asian policymakers seek to develop a coherent set of economic policies that can deliver stability, growth, and regional integration. Without attempting to be comprehensive, 'East Asia Integrates' offers fundamental strategies that promote cross-border flows of trade, along with domestic policies on logistics, trade facilitation, standards and institutions to maximize the impact of these flows on development and distribute the gains from trade widely. As the authors demonstrate, multilateral and regional trade initiatives must provide a compelling vision of how integration can deliver broadly shared growth and prosperity if they are to succeed. In addition, they must use the momentum offered by trade agreements to address the links between trade on the one hand, and social stability, poverty reduction, and growth on the other.

Risky Work Environments

Risky Work Environments
  • Author : Dr Christine Owen,Dr Ger Wackers,Professor Pascal Béguin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-01
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9781409485957
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Summary : Risky Work Environments provides new insights into the multiple and dynamic trajectories of both near misses and mistakes in complex work environments, based on actual case examples. It also studies the interactions between various activity systems or work practices (design, maintenance, incident investigation, regulation, operation) and their consequences for operational performance. The role of rules and regulations is explored, considering the consequences of deviations and the limitations of enforced compliance. Further, the book explains how to search for, think about and act on information about vulnerability, near misses and mistakes in a way that emphasizes accountability in ways that are not punitive but instead responsible, innovative and provide opportunities for learning. Writing from different disciplines and theoretical perspectives, the contributors analyse working in risky environments which include air traffic control, offshore mining, chemical plants, neo-natal intensive care units, ship piloting and emergency call dispatch centres. In each chapter the authors present rich empirical data and their analyses illustrate a variety of ways in which, despite imperfect systems, safety and resilience is created in human action. In the chapters where the focus is on error or mistakes, the analysis undertaken reveals the logic of actions undertaken at the time as well as their constraints. The contributors are all active researchers within their disciplines and come from Australia, Finland, France, Norway and the Netherlands. The book will be of direct interest to safety scientists, researchers and scientists, as well as human factors practitioners working in complex technological systems.

History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense

History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015075666712
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Summary :

History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense: 1956-1972

History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense: 1956-1972
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822030293435
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Summary : From the book's Foreword: In the early 1970s, the U.S. Army Center of Military History contracted with BDM Corporation for a history of U.S. efforts to counter Soviet air and missile threats during the Cold War. The resulting two-volume History of Strategic Air and Ballistic Missile Defense covers the years 1945-1972 when the strategic arms competition between the United States and the Soviet Union was at its height. The study was first published for limited distribution in 1975 and recently declassified with minimal redaction. These volumes address the passive and active defense strategies, technologies, and techniques adopted by both U.S. and Soviet defense planners. Much of their actions centered around three common questions: How might we be attacked? How shall we defend our country? What can technology do to solve the basic problems of defending against this new intercontinental threat?

Engineering Secure Software and Systems

Engineering Secure Software and Systems
  • Author : Fabio Massacci,Dan Wallach,Nicola Zannone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-27
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9783642117466
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Summary : This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Engineering Secure Software and Systems, ESSoS 2010, held in Pisa, Italy, in February 2010. The 9 revised full papers presented together with 8 ideas papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on attack analysis and prevention, policy verification and enforcement, and secure system and software development.

Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

Brain Evolution, Language and Psychopathology in Schizophrenia
  • Author : Paolo Brambilla,Andrea Marini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-12
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9781134694426
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of language processing and related neural networks in schizophrenia by addressing the complex link between psychopathology, language and evolution at different levels of analysis. Psychopathological symptoms in schizophrenia are mainly characterized by thought and language disorders, which are strictly intertwined. In particular, language is the distinctive dimension of human beings and is ontologically related to brain development. Although normal at the levels of segmental phonology and morphological organization, the speech of patients suffering from schizophrenia is often characterized by flattened intonation and word-finding difficulties. Furthermore, research suggests that the superior temporal gyrus and specific prefrontal areas which support language in humans are altered in people with schizophrenia. Brambilla and Marini bring together international contributors to explore the link between brain evolution and the psychopathological features of schizophrenia, with a focus on language and its neural underpinnings. Divided into three sections the book covers: • brain evolution and language phylogenesis • brain abnormalities in schizophrenia • psychopathology and schizophrenia. This theoretical approach will appeal to professionals including clinical psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, neuropsychologists, neurolinguists, and researchers considering the links between brain evolution, language and psychopathology in schizophrenia.

Sustainable Communities on a Sustainable Planet

Sustainable Communities on a Sustainable Planet
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1230987654XX
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Summary :

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia

Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia
  • Author : Ademola K. Braimoh,He Qing Huang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-12
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781118854914
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of landsystems vulnerability assessment in Asia - fundamental to theunderstanding of the link between global change, environmentalsustainability and human wellbeing. The extent and intensity ofhuman interactions with the environment have increasedspectacularly since the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the globalchange research community and development practitionersincreasingly recognize the need to address the adverse consequencesof changes taking place in the structure and function of thebiosphere and the implications for society. With a focus onAsia, this book provides an overview of the vulnerability of landsystems and the subsequent multiple stressors in this region. Thebook offers a discussion surrounding the potential causal processesthat affect land systems vulnerability and our capacity to copewith different perturbations. It also identifies factors that helpto integrate vulnerability assessment into policy anddecision-making. • Addresses the complex issues arising fromhuman–environment interactions that cannot be satisfactorilydealt with by core disciplinary methods alone. • Key coverage of a variety of topics from thevulnerability of smallholder agriculture and urban systems to theimpact of socioeconomic processes at the sub-regional level. • Coverage of the causal processes that affect landsystems vulnerability and capacity to cope with differentperturbations are documented. • Focus on integrating vulnerability assessment intopolicies and decision-making • Includes contributions from leading academics in thefield.