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Evolutionary Origins and Early Development of Number Processing

Evolutionary Origins and Early Development of Number Processing
  • Author : David C. Geary,Daniel B. Berch,Kathleen Mann Koepke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-04
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128008881
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Summary : The first volume in this ground-breaking series focuses on the origins and early development of numerical cognition in non-human primates, lower vertebrates, human infants, and preschool children. The text will help readers understand the nature and complexity of these foundational quantitative concepts and skills along with evolutionary precursors and early developmental trajectories. Brings together and focuses the efforts and research of multiple disciplines working in math cognition. The contributors bring vast knowledge and experience to bear on resolving extant substantive and methodological challenges to help advance the field of basic number processing. Introductory sections and summaries will be included to provide background for non-specialist readers.

Evolutionary Perspectives on Child Development and Education

Evolutionary Perspectives on Child Development and Education
  • Author : David C. Geary,Daniel B. Berch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-26
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9783319299860
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Summary : This stimulating volume assembles leading scholars to address issues in children’s cognitive, academic, and social development through the lens of evolutionary psychology.Debates and controversies in the field highlight the potential value of this understanding, from basic early learning skills through emerging social relationships in adolescence, with implications for academic outcomes, curriculum development, and education policy.Children’s evolved tendency toward play and exploration fuels an extended discussion on child- versus adult-directed learning, evolutionary bases are examined for young learners’ moral development, and contemporary theories of learning and memory are viewed from an evolutionary perspective.Along the way, contributors’ recommendations illustrate real-world uses of evolution-based learning interventions during key developmental years. Among the topics covered: The adaptive value of cognitive immaturity: applications of evolutionary developmental psychology to early education Guided play: a solution to the play versus learning dichotomy Adolescent bullying in schools: an evolutionary perspective Fairness: what it isn’t, what it is, and what it might be for Adapting evolution education to a warming climate of teaching and learning The effects of an evolution-informed school environment on student performance and wellbeing Evolutionary Perspectives on Child Development and Education will interest researchers and graduate students working in diverse areas such as evolutionary psychology, cultural anthropology, human ecology, developmental psychology, and educational psychology. Researchers in applied developmental science and early education will also find it useful.

The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan

The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-20
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9780444637024
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Summary : The Mathematical Brain Across the Lifespan is the latest volume in the Progress in Brain Research series that focuses on new trends and developments. This established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within the neurosciences, as well as popular and emerging subfields. Provides a comprehensive review of the most recent progress in the mathematical brain across the lifespan Explores new trends and developments in the field Enhances the literature of neuroscience by further expanding the established, ongoing international series Progress in Brain Research

Development of Mathematical Cognition

Development of Mathematical Cognition
  • Author : Daniel B. Berch,David C. Geary,Kathleen Mann Koepke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-03
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9780128019092
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Summary : Development of Mathematical Cognition: Neural Substrates and Genetic Influences reviews advances in extant imaging modalities and the application of brain stimulation techniques for improving mathematical learning. It goes on to explore the role genetics and environmental influences have in the development of math abilities and disabilities. Focusing on the neural substrates and genetic factors associated with both the typical and atypical development of mathematical thinking and learning, this second volume in the Mathematical Cognition and Learning series integrates the latest in innovative measures and methodological advances from the top researchers in the field. Provides details about new progress made in the study of neural correlates of numerical and arithmetic cognition Addresses recent work in quantitative and molecular genetics Works to improve instruction in numerical, arithmetical, and algebraic thinking and learning Informs policy to help increase the level of mathematical proficiency among the general public

Language and Culture in Mathematical Cognition

Language and Culture in Mathematical Cognition
  • Author : Daniel B. Berch,David C. Geary,Kathleen Mann Koepke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-27
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780128125755
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Summary : Language and Culture in Mathematical Cognition, First Edition focuses on the role of linguistic and cultural factors in math cognition and development. It covers a wide range of topics, including analogical mapping in numerical development, arithmetic fact retrieval in the bilingual brain, cross-cultural comparisons of mathematics achievement, the shaping of numerical processing by number word construction, the influence of Head Start programs, the mathematical skills of children with specific language impairments, the role of culture and language in creating associations between number and space, and electrophysiological studies of linguistic traces in core knowledge at the neural level. Includes cutting-edge findings, innovative measures, recent methodological advances and groundbreaking theoretical developments Synthesizes research from various subdomains of math cognition research Covers the full complement of research in mathematical thinking and learning Informs researchers, scholars, educators, students and policymakers

The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses

The Origin and Evolution of New Businesses
  • Author : Amar V. Bhide
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-16
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 019803010X
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Summary : What is this mysterious activity we call entrepreneurship? Does success require special traits and skills or just luck? Can large companies follow their example? What role does venture capital play? In a field dominated by anecdote and folklore, this landmark study integrates more than ten years of intensive research and modern theories of business and economics. The result is a comprehensive framework for understanding entrepreneurship that provides new and penetrating insights. Examining hundreds of successful ventures, the author finds that the typical business has humble, improvised origins. Well-planned start-ups, backed by substantial venture capital, are exceptional. Entrepreneurs like Bill Gates and Sam Walton initially pursue small, uncertain opportunities, without much capital, market research, or breakthrough technologies. Coping with ambiguity and surprises, face-to-face selling, and making do with second-tier employees is more important than foresight, deal-making, or recruiting top-notch teams. Transforming improvised start-ups into noteworthy enterprises requires a radical shift, from "opportunistic adaptation" in niche markets to the pursuit of ambitious strategies. This requires traits such as ambition and risk-taking that are initially unimportant. Mature corporations have to pursue entrepreneurial activity in a much more disciplined way. Companies like Intel and Merck focus their resources on large-scale initiatives that scrappy entrepreneurs cannot undertake. Their success requires carefully chosen bets, meticulous planning, and the smooth coordination of many employees rather than the talents of a driven few. This clearly and concisely written book is essential for anyone who wants to start a business, for the entrepreneur or executive who wants to grow a company, and for the scholar who wants to understand this crucial economic activity.

The Origin and the Evolution of Firms

The Origin and the Evolution of Firms
  • Author : J.A. Roels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-01
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9781607509578
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Summary : The firms and markets of today's complex socio-economic system developed in a spontaneous process termed evolution, in just the same way as the universe, the solar system, the Earth and all that lives upon it. Darwin's theory of evolution clearly demonstrated that evolution involved increasing organization. As we began to explore the molecular basis of life and its evolution, it became equally clear that it depended on the processing and communication of information. This book develops a consistent theory of evolution in its wider sense, examining the information based laws and forces that drive it. Exploring subjects as diverse as economics and the theories of thermodynamics, the author revisits the paradox of the apparent conflict between the laws of thermodynamics and evolution to arrive at a systems theory, tracing a continuous line of evolving information sets that connect the Big-Bang to the firms and markets of our current socio-economic system.

Animal Evolution

Animal Evolution
  • Author : Maximilian J. Telford,D. Timothy J. Littlewood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-13
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 9780199549429
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Summary : Describing and understanding the evolution of the diversity of bodyplans is a major goal of evolutionary biology. Taking a modern, integrated approach to this question, a group of leading researchers describe how modern techniques and disciplines have been combined, resulting in a dramatic renaissance in the study of animal evolution.

Communication

Communication
  • Author : Donald H. Owings,Michael D. Beecher,Nicholas S. Thompson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-28
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 0306457644
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Summary : ON THE FUTURE OF PERSPECTIVES When Patrick Bateson and Peter Klopfer offered me the editorship of Perspectives in 1992, the world of academic publishing was in one of its periodic upheavals. Subscriptions to series-even distinguished series such as Perspec tives-had been declining and individual volume prices had been rising, a trend that if continued could only result in the series pricing itself out of the market. In the course of the negotiations around the change of editors, the publishers offered a cost-cutting solution: change the production pattern to "camera ready" and elimi nate the costs of indexing and proofreading. While I could see the sense in this proposal, I was reluctant to accept it. Part of what I had always liked about the volumes in this series was that they were real books, intelligently proofread, nicely laid out, and provided with proper indexes. Thus, I in return offered a "Devil's bargain": the publisher should maintain the present quality of the series for two more volumes and make a renewed effort to advertise the series to our ethological and sociobiological colleagues, while I as the new series editor committed myself to a renewed effort to make Perspectives the publication of choice for writers who are trying to get their message out to the world intact and readers who are seeking clear, coherent, comprehensive and untrammeled presentations of authors' ideas and research programs.

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution: Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives

Neurobiology of human language and its evolution: Primate and Nonprimate Perspectives
  • Author : Constance Scharff,Angela D. Friederici,Michael Petrides
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 2889191117
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Summary : The evolution of human language has been discussed for centuries from different perspectives. Linguistic theory has proposed grammar as a core part of human language that has to be considered in this context. Recent advances in neurosciences have allowed us to take a new neurobiological look on the similarities and dissimilarities of cognitive capacities and their neural basis across both closely and distantly related species. A couple of decades ago the comparisons were mainly drawn between human and non-human primates, investigating the cytoarchitecture of particular brain areas and their structural connectivity. Moreover, comparative studies were conducted with respect to their ability to process grammars of different complexity. So far the available data suggest that non-human primates are able to learn simple probabilistic grammars, but not hierarchically structured complex grammars. The human brain, which easily learns both grammars, differs from the non-human brain (among others) in how two language-relevant brain regions (Broca’s area and superior temporal cortex) are connected structurally. Whether the more dominant dorsal pathway in humans compared to non-human primates is causally related to this behavioral difference is an issue of current debate. Ontogenetic findings suggest at least a correlation between the maturation of the dorsal pathway and the behavior to process syntactically complex structures, although a causal prove is still not available. Thus the neural basis of complex grammar processing in humans remains to be defined. More recently it has been reported that songbirds are also able to distinguish between sound sequences reflecting complex grammar. Interestingly, songbirds learn to sing by imitating adult song in a process not unlike language development in children. Moreover, the neural circuits supporting this behavior in songbirds bear anatomical and functional similarities to those in humans. In adult humans the fiber tract connecting the auditory cortex and motor cortex dorsally is known to be involved in the repetition of spoken language. This pathway is present already at birth and is taken to play a major role during language acquisition. In songbirds, detailed information exist concerning the interaction of auditory, motor and cortical-basal ganglia processing during song learning, and present a rich substrate for comparative studies. The scope of the Research Topic is to bring together contributions of researchers from different fields, who investigate grammar processing in humans, non-human primates and songbirds with the aim to find answers to the question of what constitutes the neurobiological basis of grammar learning. Open questions are: Which brain networks are relevant for grammar learning? Is there more than one dorsal pathway (one from temporal cortex to motor cortex and one to Broca’s area) and if so what are their functions? Has the ability to process sequences of a given hierarchical complexity evolved in different phylogenetic lines (birds, primates, other vocal production learners such as bats)? Is the presence of a sensory-to-motor circuit in humans a precondition for development of a dorsal pathway between the temporal cortex and Broca’s area? What role do subcortical structures (Basal Ganglia) play in vocal and grammar learning?

The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain

The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain
  • Author : Roderick Floud,Paul Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 0521527368
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Origins and Early Development of Human Body Knowledge

Origins and Early Development of Human Body Knowledge
  • Author : Virginia Slaughter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :117
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106020335425
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Summary :

Data Processing Methods Used in Kabul for the National Survey of the Settled Population

Data Processing Methods Used in Kabul for the National Survey of the Settled Population
  • Author : Robert Foley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-12-20
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9780044450153
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Summary : This volume explores the diverse ways in which the evolution of human behaviour can be investigated, and confronts the most challenging aspects of the subject.

Tissue and Cell Processing

Tissue and Cell Processing
  • Author : Deirdre Fehily,Scott A. Brubaker,John N. Kearney,Lloyd Wolfinbarger, Jr.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-11
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781118316504
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Summary : By presenting the latest technological advances and growing national and international regulation, this new book explores state-of-the-art developments in the challenging field of tissue and cell processing. It provides a guide to easier and safer practice in operational principles of preservation, decontamination, and sterilization. Nearly half of the book is devoted completely to tissue- or cell-specific issues relating to processing. With lists of learning points and case studies which consist of sample processing protocols, descriptions of where processing went wrong, sample risk assessments, or validation studies, the authors help you find specific information fast.

Music that works

Music that works
  • Author : Roland Haas,Vera Brandes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-08
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9783211751213
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Summary : Many different disciplines are analyzing the impact of music today. How and why this ancient cultural asset molds, empowers and makes use of us can only become apparent in a synopsis and exchange involving scientific research. With this perspective as its foundation, the conference "Mozart and Science" extended invitations to the first interdisciplinary and international dialogue between the social and physical sciences about the effects of music. This book is based on the results of that congress. It contains contributions penned by leading scientists from around the world belonging to diverse music science disciplines and in particular covers psycho-physiological, neuro-developmental and cognitive aspects associated with the experience of music. Additional essays provide insights into research conducted about how music is applied in therapy and medicine.

Evolution and Tumour Pathology of the Neuroendocrine System

Evolution and Tumour Pathology of the Neuroendocrine System
  • Author : Sture Falkmer,Rolf Håkanson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :599
  • ISBN : UOM:39015010126913
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Complex Organismal Functions

Complex Organismal Functions
  • Author : D. B. Wake,Dahlem Workshop on Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989-09-28
  • Total pages :451
  • ISBN : UOM:39015015058335
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Summary : Complex Organismal Functions: Integration and Evolution in Vertebrates D. B. Wake G. Roth Editors The complexity of forms and functions of organisms studied in an evolutionary context prompts a fundamental question of modern biology: how did complex functional systems, apparently stabilized by high degrees of integration, evolve to their present diversity? This and related questions were discussed by 48 distinguished scientists from many fields of vertebrate biology, including functional and comparative morphologists, neurobiologists, reproductive biologists and endocrinologists, developmental biologists, ecologists, ethologists, population geneticists, and theorists, at a Dahlem Workshop. This volume is a report of that meeting. The major areas of discussion were: evolutionary diversification of feeding mechanisms; evolution of locomotor systems; trends in reproductive biology, especially the repeated evolution of vertebrate viviparity; and alternative and complementary concepts of the production of evolutionary novelties and patterns. These topics reflect the excitement and dynamism of current debate in evolutionary biology and constitute a cohesive point of departure for further research.

Evolutionary and Adaptive Computing in Engineering Design

Evolutionary and Adaptive Computing in Engineering Design
  • Author : Ian C. Parmee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 1852330295
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Summary : There are many applicable examples of evolutionary and adaptive search (AS) algorithms to specific problems from the engineering design domain. This book describes research related to the appropriate development of evolutionary/adaptive search strategies and integration with the conceptual, embodiment and detailed stages of the engineering design process. The book illustrates evolutionary/adaptive search integration with examples of real-world application in mechanical, civil, electrical, aerospace, and power system engineering design domains.

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution
  • Author : Mary Jane West-Eberhard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-13
  • Total pages :916
  • ISBN : 0198028563
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Summary : The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

The Gas Processing Industry

The Gas Processing Industry
  • Author : Ronald E. Cannon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : PSU:000049321654
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Psychological Abstracts

Psychological Abstracts
  • Author : American psychological association
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 00332887
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Summary :