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Explosion Blast Response of Composites

Explosion Blast Response of Composites
  • Author : Adrian P. Mouritz,Yapa D.S. Rajapakse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-22
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9780081020937
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Summary : Explosion Blast Response of Composites contains key information on the effects of explosions, shock waves, and detonation products (e.g. fragments, shrapnel) on the deformation and damage to composites. The book considers the blast response of laminates and sandwich composites, along with blast mitigation of composites (including coating systems and energy absorbing materials). Broken down under the following key themes: Introduction to explosive blast response of composites, Air explosion blast response of composites, Underwater explosion blast response of composites, and High strain rate and dynamic properties of composites, the book deals with an important and contemporary topic due to the extensive use of composites in applications where explosive blasts are an ever-present threat, such as military aircraft, armoured vehicles, naval ships and submarines, body armour, and other defense applications. In addition, the growing use of IEDs and other types of bombs used by terrorists to attack civilian and military targets highlights the need for this book. Many terrorist attacks occur in subways, trains, buses, aircraft, buildings, and other civil infrastructure made of composite materials. Designers, engineers and terrorist experts need the essential information to protect civilians, military personnel, and assets from explosive blasts. Focuses on key aspects, including both modeling, analysis, and experimental work Written by leading international experts from academia, defense agencies, and other organizations Timely book due to the extensive use of composites in areas where explosive blasts are an ever-present threat in military applications

Explosive Blast Response of Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites

Explosive Blast Response of Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:916751881
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Advances in Thick Section Composite and Sandwich Structures

Advances in Thick Section Composite and Sandwich Structures
  • Author : Sung W. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-28
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 9783030310653
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Summary : This book describes recent research findings on response and integrity of thick section composite and sandwich structures. In particular, it deals with these structures for marine applications under static and dynamic loads such as shock and slamming loads in severe sea environment including sea water, temperature extremes, hydrostatic pressure and Arctic conditions. Three-dimensional constitutive equations and failure criteria for structural response and integrity are considered. The book serves as an excellent repository of major advances in research on response and integrity of composite and sandwich structures made through research grants sponsored by the U.S. Office of Naval Research in the past decade. Collects major advances in response and integrity research; Emphasizes phenomena within severe environments; Illustrates underwater fluid-structure interactions, shock/blast loads, and slamming loads.

Blast Mitigation

Blast Mitigation
  • Author : Arun Shukla,Yapa D. S. Rajapakse,Mary Ellen Hynes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-06
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9781461472674
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Summary : Blast Mitigation: Experimental and Numerical Studies covers both experimental and numerical aspects of material and structural response to dynamic blast loads and its mitigation. The authors present the most up-to-date understanding from laboratory studies and computational analysis for researchers working in the field of blast loadings and their effect on material and structural failure, develop designs for lighter and highly efficient structural members for blast energy absorption, discuss vulnerability of underground structures, present methods for dampening blast overpressures, discuss structural post blast collapse and give attention to underwater explosion and implosion effects on submerged infrastructure and mitigation measures for this environment.

Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures

Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Valentina Lopresto,Langella Antonio,Abrate Serge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-17
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780081009024
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Summary : Dynamic Response and Failure of Composite Materials and Structures presents an overview of recent developments in a specialized area of research with original contributions from the authors who have been asked to outline needs for further investigations in their chosen topic area. The result is a presentation of the current state-of-the art in very specialized research areas that cannot be found elsewhere in the literature. For example, Massabò presents a newly developed theory for laminated composite plates that accounts for imperfect bonding between layers with new solutions for problems involving thermal effects. This theory is new and computationally-efficient, and the author describes how it fits in the broader context of composite plate theory. Abrate discusses the design of composite marine propellers and presents a detailed derivation of the equations of motion of a rotating blade, including centrifugal effects and the effects of pre-twisting and other geometric parameters. This book is a major reference resource for academic and industrial researchers and designers working in aerospace, automotives, and the marine engineering industry. Presents recent developments in a research field that has experienced tremendous advances because of improved computational capabilities, new materials, and new testing facilities Includes contributions from leading researchers from Europe and the USA who present the current state-of-the-art, including unique and original research Provides extensive experimental results and numerical solutions Appeals to a broad range of professional researchers working in aerospace, automotive, and marine engineering fields

Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures

Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Vadim V. Silberschmidt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-23
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780081000830
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Summary : Composite materials, with their higher exposure to dynamic loads, have increasingly been used in aerospace, naval, automotive, sports and other sectors over the last few decades. Dynamic Deformation, Damage and Fracture in Composite Materials and Structures reviews various aspects of dynamic deformation, damage and fracture, mostly in composite laminates and sandwich structures, in a broad range of application fields including aerospace, automotive, defense and sports engineering. As the mechanical behavior and performance of composites varies under different dynamic loading regimes and velocities, the book is divided into sections that examine the different loading regimes and velocities. Part one examine low-velocity loading and part two looks at high-velocity loading. Part three then assesses shock and blast (i.e. contactless) events and the final part focuses on impact (contact) events. As sports applications of composites are linked to a specific subset of dynamic loading regimes, these applications are reviewed in the final part. Examines dynamic deformation and fracture of composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical aspects Addresses important application areas such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy and defence, with a special section on sport applications

Blast Mitigation Strategies in Marine Composite and Sandwich Structures

Blast Mitigation Strategies in Marine Composite and Sandwich Structures
  • Author : Srinivasan Gopalakrishnan,Yapa Rajapakse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-14
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9789811071706
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Summary : This book primarily focuses on methodologies to enable marine structures to resist high velocity impact loadings. It is based on invited talks presented at the recent India–USA workshop on “Recent Advances in Blast Mitigation Strategies in Civil and Marine Composite Structures” The book comprises content from top researchers from India and the USA and covers various aspects of the topic, including modeling and simulation, design aspects, experimentation and various challenges. These failure modes significantly reduce the structural integrity of the marine structures unless they are designed to resist such harsh loadings. Understanding the mechanics of these structures under harsh loadings is still an open area of research, and the behavior of these structures is not fully understood. The book highlights efforts to reduce the effects of blast loadings on marine composite structures. Intended for researchers/scientists and practicing engineers, the book focuses not only the design and analysis challenges of marine composite structures under such harsh loading conditions, but also provides new design guidelines.

Dynamic Failure of Composite and Sandwich Structures

Dynamic Failure of Composite and Sandwich Structures
  • Author : Serge Abrate,Bruno Castanié,Yapa D. S. Rajapakse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-02
  • Total pages :643
  • ISBN : 9789400753297
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Summary : This book presents a broad view of the current state of the art regarding the dynamic response of composite and sandwich structures subjected to impacts and explosions. Each chapter combines a thorough assessment of the literature with original contributions made by the authors. The first section deals with fluid-structure interactions in marine structures. The first chapter focuses on hull slamming and particularly cases in which the deformation of the structure affects the motion of the fluid during the water entry of flexible hulls. Chapter 2 presents an extensive series of tests underwater and in the air to determine the effects of explosions on composite and sandwich structures. Full-scale structures were subjected to significant explosive charges, and such results are extremely rare in the open literature. Chapter 3 describes a simple geometrical theory of diffraction for describing the interaction of an underwater blast wave with submerged structures. The second section addresses the problem of impact on laminated composite structures with chapters devoted to ballistic impacts on pre-stressed composite structures, tests developed to simulate dynamic failure in marine structures, damage mechanisms and energy absorption in low velocity impacts, perforation, the numerical simulation of intra and inter-ply damage during impact, and hail impact on laminated composites. Sandwich structures with laminated facings are considered in Section 3 with chapters dealing with the discrete modeling of honeycomb core during the indentation of sandwich structures, the behavior of fold core sandwich structures during impact, and impact on helicopter blades. The fourth section consists of two chapters presenting experimental results and numerical simulation of composite structures subjected to crash. This volume is intended for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and engineers interested and involved in analysis and design of composite structures.

Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1

Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1
  • Author : Dan Casem,Leslie Lamberson,Jamie Kimberley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-14
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9783319411323
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Summary : Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1 of the Proceedings of the 2016 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the first volume of ten from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers on: Quantitative Visualization Fracture & Fragmentation Dynamic Behavior of Low Impedance Materials Shock & Blast Dynamic Behavior of Composites Novel Testing Techniques Hybrid Experimental & Computational Methods Dynamic Behavior of Geo-materials General Material Behavior

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry

Polymer Composites in the Aerospace Industry
  • Author : Phil E,Costas Soutis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-17
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780857099181
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Summary : Polymer composites are increasingly used in aerospace applications due to properties such as strength and durability compared to weight. Edited by two leading authorities in the field, this book summarises key recent research on design, manufacture and performance of composite components for aerospace structures. Part one reviews the design and manufacture of different types of composite component. Part two discusses aspects of performance such as stiffness, strength, fatigue, impact and blast behaviour, response to temperature and humidity as well as non-destructive testing and monitoring techniques.

Nuclear Explosion Effects on Structures and Protective Construction

Nuclear Explosion Effects on Structures and Protective Construction
  • Author : U.S. Atomic Energy Commission
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1961
  • Total pages :55
  • ISBN : UOM:39015095048909
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Blast Protection of Civil Infrastructures and Vehicles Using Composites

Blast Protection of Civil Infrastructures and Vehicles Using Composites
  • Author : Nasim Uddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-12
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781845698034
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Summary : With the upsurge in terrorism in recent years and the possibility of accidental blast threats, there is growing interest in manufacturing blast ‘hardened’ structures and retrofitting blast mitigation materials to existing structures. Composites provide the ideal material for blast protection as they can be engineered to give different levels of protection by varying the reinforcements and matrices. Part one discusses general technical issues with chapters on topics such as blast threats and types of blast damage, processing polymer matrix composites for blast protection, standards and specifications for composite blast protection materials, high energy absorbing composite materials for blast resistant design, modelling the blast response of hybrid laminated composite plates and the response of composite panels to blast wave pressure loadings. Part two reviews applications including ceramic matrix composites for ballistic protection of vehicles and personnel, using composites to protect military vehicles from mine blasts, blast protection of buildings using FRP matrix composites, using composites in blast resistant walls for offshore, naval and defence related structures, using composites to improve the blast resistance of columns in buildings, retrofitting using fibre reinforced polymer composites for blast protection of buildings and retrofitting to improve the blast response of concrete masonry walls. With its distinguished editor and team of expert contributors, Blast protection of civil infrastructures and vehicles using composites is a standard reference for all those concerned with protecting structures from the effects of blasts in both the civil and military sectors. Reviews the role of composites in blast protection with an examination of technical issues, applications of composites and ceramic matrix composites Presents numerical examples of simplified blast load computation and an overview of the basics of high explosives includes important properties and physical forms Varying applications of composites for protection are explored including military and non-military vehicles and increased resistance in building columns and masonry walls

Advances in Thick Section Composite and Sandwich Structures

Advances in Thick Section Composite and Sandwich Structures
  • Author : Sung W. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-28
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 9783030310653
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This book describes recent research findings on response and integrity of thick section composite and sandwich structures. In particular, it deals with these structures for marine applications under static and dynamic loads such as shock and slamming loads in severe sea environment including sea water, temperature extremes, hydrostatic pressure and Arctic conditions. Three-dimensional constitutive equations and failure criteria for structural response and integrity are considered. The book serves as an excellent repository of major advances in research on response and integrity of composite and sandwich structures made through research grants sponsored by the U.S. Office of Naval Research in the past decade. Collects major advances in response and integrity research; Emphasizes phenomena within severe environments; Illustrates underwater fluid-structure interactions, shock/blast loads, and slamming loads.

Design Against Blast

Design Against Blast
  • Author : S. Syngellakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :209
  • ISBN : 9781845647506
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Summary : Terrorist attacks and other destructive incidents caused by explosives have, in recent years, prompted considerable research and development into the protection of structures against blast loads. For this objective to be achieved, experiments have been performed and theoretical studies carried out to improve our assessments of the intensity as well as the space-time distribution of the resulting blast pressure on the one hand and the consequences of an explosion to the exposed environment on the other.This book aims to enhance awareness on and understanding of these topical issues through a collection of relevant, Transactions of the Wessex Institute of Technology articles written by experts in the field. The book starts with an overview of key physics-based algorithms for blast and fragment environment characterisation, structural response analyses and structural assessments with reference to a terrorist attack in an urban environment and the management of its inherent uncertainties.A subsequent group of articles is concerned with the accurate definition of blast pressure, which is an essential prerequisite to the reliable assessment of the consequences of an explosion. Other papers are concerned with alternative methods for the determination of blast pressure, based on experimental measurements or neural networks. A final group of articles reports investigations on predicting the response of specific structural entities and their contents.The book concludes with studies on the effectiveness of steel-reinforced polymer in improving the performance of reinforced concrete columns and the failure mechanisms of seamless steel pipes used in nuclear industry.

Major Accomplishments in Composite Materials and Sandwich Structures

Major Accomplishments in Composite Materials and Sandwich Structures
  • Author : I. M. Daniel,E.E. Gdoutos,Yapa D.S. Rajapakse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-20
  • Total pages :818
  • ISBN : 9048131413
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Summary : This book collects major research contributions in composite materials and sandwich structures supported by the U.S. Office of Naval Research. It contains over thirty chapters written by experts and serves as a reference and guide for future research.

Critical Infrastructure Protection

Critical Infrastructure Protection
  • Author : L. Kruszka,M. Klósak,P. Muzolf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-10
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9781614999645
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Summary : Recent decades have seen an increase in the number of terrorist attacks, necessitating the development of more efficient global security policies. One of the most important elements of this enhanced security is the protection of critical infrastructure. This book presents edited contributions from the NATO Advanced Training Course (ATC) on Critical Infrastructure Protection - Best Practices and Innovative Methods of Protection, held in Agadir, Morocco, from 6 to 12 May 2018. The main objective of the course was to bring together specialists working in the area of protecting critical infrastructure in NATO Member and Partner countries to share their knowledge and expertise. One lecture block was dedicated to important legal aspects, as these differ from country to country. The other main topic areas included the structural design and protection of critical infrastructure, new materials and material analysis, and material and construction testing at elevated impact velocities via experiment and numerical simulation. New designs for critical infrastructure elements were also demonstrated. The course provided an ideal forum for speakers and participants from government, academia, and military bodies to exchange information and best practice, while at the same time creating links to foster further collaboration and the exchange of ideas about the protection of critical infrastructure, and the book will be of interest to all those whose work involves protecting critical infrastructure from the threat of terrorist attack.

Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings

Handbook for Blast Resistant Design of Buildings
  • Author : Donald O. Dusenberry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-26
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780470170540
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Summary : Unique single reference supports functional and cost-efficientdesigns of blast resistant buildings Now there's a single reference to which architects, designers,and engineers can turn for guidance on all the key elements of thedesign of blast resistant buildings that satisfy the new ASCEStandard for Blast Protection of Buildings as well as other ASCE,ACI, and AISC codes. The Handbook for Blast Resistant Design ofBuildings features contributions from some of the mostknowledgeable and experienced consultants and researchers in blastresistant design. This handbook is organized into four parts: Part 1, Design Considerations, sets forth basic principles,examining general considerations in the design process; riskanalysis and reduction; criteria for acceptable performance;materials performance under the extraordinary blast environment;and performance verification for technologies and solutionmethodologies. Part 2, Blast Phenomena and Loading, describes the explosionenvironment, loading functions needed for blast response analysis,and fragmentation and associated methods for effects analysis. Part 3, System Analysis and Design, explains the analysis anddesign considerations for structural, building envelope, componentspace, site perimeter, and building system designs. Part 4, Blast Resistant Detailing, addresses the use ofconcrete, steel, and masonry in new designs as well as retrofittingexisting structures. As the demand for blast resistant buildings continues to grow,readers can turn to the Handbook for Blast Resistant Design ofBuildings, a unique single source of information, to supportcompetent, functional, and cost-efficient designs.

Gulf War and Health

Gulf War and Health
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Gulf War and Health: Long-Term Effects of Blast Exposures
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-14
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 9780309267687
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Summary : Since the United States began combat operations in Afghanistan in October 2001 and then in Iraq in March 2003, the numbers of US soldiers killed exceed 6,700 and of US soldiers wounded 50,500. Although all wars since World War I have involved the use of explosives by the enemy, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq differ from previous wars in which the United States has been involved because of the enemy's use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). The use of IEDs has led to an injury landscape different from that in prior US wars. The signature injury of the Afghanistan and Iraq wars is blast injury. Numerous US soldiers have returned home with devastating blast injuries and they continue to experience many challenges in readjusting to civilian life. Gulf War and Health, Volume 9 is an assessment of the relevant scientific information and draws conclusions regarding the strength of the evidence of an association between exposure to blast and health effects. The report also includes recommendations for research most likely to provide VA with knowledge that can be used to inform decisions on how to prevent blast injuries, how to diagnose them effectively, and how to manage, treat, and rehabilitate victims of battlefield traumas in the immediate aftermath of a blast and in the long term.

Blast Effects on Buildings

Blast Effects on Buildings
  • Author : David Cormie,Geoffrey Mays,Peter Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822037165990
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Summary : Reflects developments in the field of blast engineering since the early 1990s. Combining coverage of the design standards, codes and materials with an appreciation of the needs and demands of the designer, this book provides the engineer with a comprehensive source of reference for the main elements of blast engineering design in modern practice.

Blast and Ballistic Loading of Structures

Blast and Ballistic Loading of Structures
  • Author : John Hetherington,Peter Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-21
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9781482269277
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Summary : This book brings together, in a concise format, the key elements of the loads produced from explosive sources, and how they interact with structures. Explosive sources include gas, high explosives, dust and nuclear materials. It presents quantitative information and design methods in a useable form without recourse to extensive mathematical analysis. The authors, Peter Smith and John Hetherington, are staff members at the Royal Military College of Science in Shrivenham and have been instrumental in establishing an active team studying the response of structures to blast and ballistic loading.

The Shock and Vibration Digest

The Shock and Vibration Digest
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105007165934
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Summary :