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Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780127999722
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Summary : Explosions in the process industries injure or kill hundreds, if not thousands, of workers every year. They occur in process plants, refineries, platforms and pipelines all over the world. Millions of dollars are spent repairing damages, replacing equipment and rebuilding facilities in the wake of this destruction. This book explores different types of explosions that can occur in a facility and the necessary steps to guard against them. A clear set of preventative measures, rules and standards combine to make this book a convenient guide to real-world applications. Additional theoretical issues in the use of probabilistic equations and scenarios make this book an absolute necessity for process industry safety.

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-14
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780128032749
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Summary : Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, delivers the most current and comprehensive content for today’s process engineer. Process safety and petrochemical engineers inherently accept that there is a risk of explosions when working on process facilities such as plants and refineries. Yet many that enter this field do not have a fundamental starting point to understand the nature of explosions, and there are a lot of misconceptions and impartial information in the market. Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, answers this need by providing engineers and consultants a go-to reference and training guide to understand the principles of explosions, what causes them, and how to mitigate and prevent them from reoccurring. Enhanced to include new chapters on BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects from accidental explosions, this guide continues to fulfill a comprehensive introduction to the subject, rounded out with new case studies, references, and a discussion on methods of hazard and risk analysis. Offers a comprehensive introduction to process safety Includes updated new chapters on Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVE), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects for accidental explosions Gains new case studies, references, and standards to stay on top of what is new and critical Establishes the starting point to process safety and understanding the fundamentals of explosions and how to mitigate them

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries

Dust Explosions in the Process Industries
  • Author : Rolf K. Eckhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-07-18
  • Total pages :719
  • ISBN : 0080488749
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Summary : Unfortunately, dust explosions are common and costly in a wide array of industries such as petrochemical, food, paper and pharmaceutical. It is imperative that practical and theoretical knowledge of the origin, development, prevention and mitigation of dust explosions is imparted to the responsible safety manager. The material in this book offers an up to date evaluation of prevalent activities, testing methods, design measures and safe operating techniques. Also provided is a detailed and comprehensive critique of all the significant phases relating to the hazard and control of a dust explosion. An invaluable reference work for industry, safety consultants and students. A completely new chapter on design of electrical equipment to be used in areas containing combustible/explosible dust A substantially extended and re-organized final review chapter, containing nearly 400 new literature references from the years 1997-2002 Extensive cross-referencing from the original chapters 1-7 to the corresponding sections of the expanded review chapter

Explosions in the Process Industries

Explosions in the Process Industries
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :74
  • ISBN : 0852953151
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Summary : This booklet provides a summary of the information on which estimation of the injuries and damage caused by the blast and consequent missile effects of large explosions can be made for planning and design purposes.

Safety in the Process Industries

Safety in the Process Industries
  • Author : Ralph King
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-06
  • Total pages :780
  • ISBN : 9781483104997
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Summary : Safety in the Process Industries tackles safety issues concerning the process industry. The book covers the various hazards, policies, and safety measures in the process industry. The first part of the text presents policies and case histories. Part II discusses the various hazards present in the process industry, such as electrical, fire, explosives, corrosive chemicals, and hardware. Part III tackles hazard control in design and maintenance. Part IV deals with other related topics that concern safety, such as management, safety training, and emergency planning. The book will be of great help to individuals involved in the management, development, planning, design, construction, operation, inspection, and maintenance of a process plant.

Loss prevention in the process industries

Loss prevention in the process industries
  • Author : Frank P. Lees
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0750615478
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Summary :

Fire Hazards in Industry

Fire Hazards in Industry
  • Author : Norman Thomson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-12-06
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 0080477755
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Summary : Significant loss to business occurs through fires in the workplace. Whether large or small, fire causes personal suffering, damage to plant, equipment and buildings, and loss of business. Fire legislation has changed over the past few years, especially with the introduction of European Directives. New regulations mean that employers have to carry out fire risk assessment and then, as a result of their findings, put in place control measures to prevent loss of life. Fire Hazards in Industry has been designed to cover, in general terms, exactly what is required of employers. It is written in simple language and considers the basics of good fire safety management. After reading Fire Hazards in Industry, any employer, safety professional or fire safety officer should be able to install a system for carrying out fire risk assessment. In addition to sections relating to the legal aspects of fire prevention, the book explains the concepts of fire modelling, explosions and combustion reactions. There is also a section relating to common industry fire hazards and hazards associated with electrical equipment. Knowledge of all these topics would be required if a person were to attempt to carry out fire risk assessment. Throughout the book, past case histories are used to illustrate certain aspects of fire and the causes of fire. The cases used have all been published by the Health and Safety Executive as a result of their investigations. These include; Abbeystead, Frodingham steelworks, HMS Glasgow, BP Grangemouth and many more. This book will be equally relevant to motor manufacturing as it is to the chemical industry. There are many case studies included that deal with fire hazards that are found in general industry.Fire Hazards in Industry is suitable for those who have relatively limited experience in fire safety and therefore use it as part of their career and educational development, but also can be used as reference material for those experienced professionals who have fire safety included in their day to day responsibility.

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
  • Author : Sam Mannan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-12-01
  • Total pages :3680
  • ISBN : 9780750675550
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Summary : Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world's chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O'Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. - A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals - The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety - Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles

Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles
  • Author : Dennis P. Nolan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-28
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780323311441
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Summary : Written by an engineer for engineers, this book is both training manual and on-going reference, bringing together all the different facets of the complex processes that must be in place to minimize the risk to people, plant and the environment from fires, explosions, vapour releases and oil spills. Fully compliant with international regulatory requirements, relatively compact but comprehensive in its coverage, engineers, safety professionals and concerned company management will buy this book to capitalize on the author’s life-long expertise. This is the only book focusing specifically on oil and gas and related chemical facilities. This new edition includes updates on management practices, lessons learned from recent incidents, and new material on chemical processes, hazards and risk reviews (e.g. CHAZOP). Latest technology on fireproofing, fire and gas detection systems and applications is also covered. An introductory chapter on the philosophy of protection principles along with fundamental background material on the properties of the chemicals concerned and their behaviours under industrial conditions, combined with a detailed section on modern risk analysis techniques makes this book essential reading for students and professionals following Industrial Safety, Chemical Process Safety and Fire Protection Engineering courses. A practical, results-oriented manual for practicing engineers, bringing protection principles and chemistry together with modern risk analysis techniques Specific focus on oil and gas and related chemical facilities, making it comprehensive and compact Includes the latest best practice guidance, as well as lessons learned from recent incidents

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Ernesto Salzano,Pol Hoorelbeke,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-08
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128082447
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Summary : Explosions produce pressure waves which expand in the atmosphere. When impacting industrial equipment, domino effects may be caused if the equipment content is flammable or toxic. A detailed analysis of these scenarios requires complex computational tecniques based on finite element analysis. Simplified methodologies have been developed in the past years for land use planning and quantitative risk assessment. These approaches are based on the definition of probability functions and threshold values for the occurrence of loss of containment from damaged systems and rely on the prediction of peak overpressure with respect to distance from the explosion source and on the structural category of the target equipment.

An Introduction to Dust Explosions

An Introduction to Dust Explosions
  • Author : Paul Dr. Amyotte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-14
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9780123972637
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Summary : Preventable dust explosions continue to occur in industry in spite of significant research and practice efforts worldwide over many years. There is a need for effective understanding of the unique hazards posed by combustible dust. This book describes a number of dust explosion myths – which together cover the main source of dust explosion hazards – the reasons they exist and the corresponding scientific and engineering facts that mitigate these circumstances. An Introduction to Dust Explosions describes the main erroneous beliefs about the origin and propagation of dust explosions. It offers fact-based explanations for their occurrence and the impact of such events and provides a critical guide to managing and mitigating dust explosion risks. Designed to prevent accidents, injury, loss of life and capital damage An easy-to-read, scientifically rigorous treatment of the facts and fictions of dust explosions for those who need to – or ought to – understand dust explosions, their occurrence and consequences Enables the management and mitigation of these critical industrial hazards

Classifying Explosion Prone Areas for the Petroleum, Chemical and Related Industries

Classifying Explosion Prone Areas for the Petroleum, Chemical and Related Industries
  • Author : W.O.E. Korver
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-12-31
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780815516446
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Summary : The degree of danger in the atmosphere of a hazardous location needs to be determined prior to selecting an acceptable electrical equipment installation. If maximum safety is the predominant factor in determining the type of electrical installations, the cost of electrical equipment will be extremely high. If low cost of electrical installation is the predominant factor, safety to personnel and equipment may be unacceptably low. It is, therefore, necessary to find a point of balance at which the cost and safety requirements are both satisfied and acceptable. In nine out of ten cases, a hazardous location is classified much too conservatively. The reason for this conservative approach is a lack of knowledge and a misunderstanding of the actual concept of safety and danger. This book provides an in-depth understanding of the factors that influence the classification of a hazardous location. One factor, in combination with one or more other factors, will have an impact on the level of danger and its hazardous boundaries. These factors and their influences are explained in detail, and once their impact is understood, the classification of a hazardous location becomes a straightforward procedure.

Methods in Chemical Process Safety

Methods in Chemical Process Safety
  • Author : Faisal Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128175507
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Summary : Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes handling hazardous substances. Continued occurrence of major losses have had a significant impact on the industry's approaches to modern process safety. Consequently, the process safety management is now globally recognized as the primary approach for establishing the level of safety in operations required to manage high-hazard processes. With this in mind, and also due to the evolution in regulatory thinking that integrated traditional occupational safety with process safety, several process safety methods were developed by industry associations around the world. Although all these methods share the same basic objectives, the number of program elements may vary depending on the criteria used. Consequently, selecting the best method to chemical process safety could be challenging due to the existence of different options. I decided to write this project to address this challenge by provide an overview of the most important recent advancements and contributions in chemical process safety. The project helps researchers and professionals to obtain guidance on the selection and practice of chemical process safety methods. The main features of this volume are: To acquaint the reader/researcher with the fundamentals of the process safety To provide most recent advancements and contributions in the given topic from practical point of view To provide readers views/opinions of the expert in each topic To provide guidance on the practice of the given topic The selection of the author(s) of each chapter from among the leading researchers and/or practitioners for each given topic

Lees' Process Safety Essentials

Lees' Process Safety Essentials
  • Author : Sam Mannan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-12
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780080962306
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Summary : Lees' Process Safety Essentials is a single-volume digest presenting the critical, practical content from Lees' Loss Prevention for day-to-day use and reference. It is portable, authoritative, affordable, and accessible — ideal for those on the move, students, and individuals without access to the full three volumes of Lees'. This book provides a convenient summary of the main content of Lees', primarily drawn from the hazard identification, assessment, and control content of volumes one and two. Users can access Essentials for day-to-day reference on topics including plant location and layout; human factors and human error; fire, explosion and toxic release; engineering for sustainable development; and much more. This handy volume is a valuable reference, both for students or early-career professionals who may not need the full scope of Lees', and for more experienced professionals needing quick, convenient access to information. Boils down the essence of Lees'—the process safety encyclopedia trusted worldwide for over 30 years Provides safety professionals with the core information they need to understand the most common safety and loss prevention challenges Covers the latest standards and presents information, including recent incidents such as Texas City and Buncefield

Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis

Guidelines for Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis
  • Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-01
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781119010166
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Summary : This book describes how to conduct a Combustible Dust Hazard Analysis (CDHA) for processes handling combustible solids. The book explains how to do a dust hazard analysis by using either an approach based on compliance with existing consensus standards, or by using a risk based approach. Worked examples in the book help the user understand how to do a combustible dust hazards analysis.

Risk Analysis and Reduction in the Chemical Process Industry

Risk Analysis and Reduction in the Chemical Process Industry
  • Author : J.M. Santamaría Ramiro,P.A. Braña Aísa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9789401149365
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Summary : Concern for the environment has become one of the big issues in modern society, and one of the chief concerns is the environmental impact of modern industrial production. A particularly sensitive issue is the possibility of accidents in industries where there may be severe consequences for people, property and the environment. At one time the nuclear industry was seen as the most likely to be the cause of significant environmental damage, but after the occurrence of several major accidents such as Seveso, Flixborough and Bhopal, that concern extends to much of the chemicals industry. Pressure from society, reflected by strong legislation, coupled with a greater understanding of the impact that chemical processing operations can have, has led to the adoption of higher profile safety and environmental management programs within the chemical industry. Under these programmes existing and new processes are rigorously examined to determine the possible causes and consequences of failure, and the results used to improve the process to make failure less likely. Any process audit, aimed at improving safety or lessening the environmental impact, cannot be carried out using intuition or experience alone, so the discipline of risk analysis has grown as a collection of tools and methods which can be utilized to give a quantitative assessment of the risks involved in operating any given process. In this new book the authors present risk analysis and reduction in a clear and unified way, emphasizing the various different methods which can be used together in a global approach to risk analysis in the chemical process industries. Originally conceived as a text book for graduate level courses in chemical engineering, the clear presentation and thorough coverage will ensure that anyone involved in risk assessment, environmental impact assessment or safety planning will find this book an invaluable source of reference.

Hazards in the Process Industries

Hazards in the Process Industries
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 0852951981
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Summary :

Industrial Hazards and Plant Safety

Industrial Hazards and Plant Safety
  • Author : Sanjoy Banerjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-11-27
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 1560320699
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Summary : Here is a new and analytical approach to chemical plant safety-encompassing design, construction, and operation to reduce the likelihood of hazardous incidents as well as actions to mitigate their consequences should they still occur. The most significant safety issues are addressed both from the viewpoint of the fundamental phenomena and the perspective of plant design. Many of the phenomena covered are outside the scope of the normal chemical engineering curriculae; examples include compressible multiphase flow, deflagrations and detonations, turbulent dispersion, thermochemical characterization methods for material decomposition and reactions. In the plant design area, topics of importance include built in redundancy of equipment, and minimization of inventory of hazardous materials. The combination of the fundamental and applied aspects makes this book a unique and useful one for both the academic and industrial sectors.

Dust Explosion Dynamics

Dust Explosion Dynamics
  • Author : Russell A. Ogle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-10
  • Total pages :686
  • ISBN : 9780128038291
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Summary : Dust Explosion Dynamics focuses on the combustion science that governs the behavior of the three primary hazards of combustible dust: dust explosions, flash fires, and smoldering. It explores the use of fundamental principles to evaluate the magnitude of combustible dust hazards in a variety of settings. Models are developed to describe dust combustion phenomena using the principles of thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and chemical kinetics. Simple, tractable models are described first and compared with experimental data, followed by more sophisticated models to help with future challenges. Dr. Ogle introduces the reader to just enough combustion science so that they may read, interpret, and use the scientific literature published on combustible dusts. This introductory text is intended to be a practical guide to the application of combustible dust models, suitable for both students and experienced engineers. It will help you to describe the dynamics of explosions and fires involving dust and evaluate their consequences which in turn will help you prevent damage to property, injury and loss of life from combustible dust accidents. Demonstrates how the fundamental principles of combustion science can be applied to understand the ignition, propagation, and extinction of dust explosions Explores fundamental concepts through model-building and comparisons with empirical data Provides detailed examples to give a thorough insight into the hazards of combustible dust as well as an introduction to relevant scientific literature

Dow's Fire and Explosion Index Hazard Classification Guide

Dow's Fire and Explosion Index Hazard Classification Guide
  • Author : American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-14
  • Total pages :88
  • ISBN : 9780470938188
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Summary : This popular safety best-seller is designed to help the user quantify the expected damage of potential fire and explosion incidents in realistic terms, identify the equipment likely to contribute to the creation or escalation of an incident, and communicate the fire and explosion risk potential to management. Based on Dow's Fire and Explosion Risk Analysis Program, the index provides a step-by-step, objective evaluation of the actual fire and explosion, as well as reactivity potential of process equipment and its contents.

Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants

Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-09
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9781482206456
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Summary : Due to an increase in the wide-range of chemicals in petrochemical processing industries, as well as frequency of use, there has been a steady rise in flammability problems and other hazards. Hazardous Area Classification in Petroleum and Chemical Plants: A Guide to Mitigating Risk outlines the necessities of explosion protection in oil, gas and chemical industries, and discusses fire and occupancy hazards, extinguishing methods, hazard identification, and classification of materials. This book addresses these issues and concerns and presents a simple hazard identification system to help offset future problems. It offers information on the hazards of various materials and their level of severity as it relates to fire prevention, exposure, and control. The system provides an alerting signal and on-the-spot information to help protect lives in an industrial plant or storage location during fire emergencies. Understanding the hazard helps to ensure that the process equipment is properly selected, installed, and operated to provide a safe operating system. This text also includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements for fighting a fire, introduces various hazard identification systems. • Includes a summary of the rules, methods, and requirements needed to extinguish a fire • Introduces various hazard identification systems • Includes concepts for layout and spacing of equipment in process plants The book serves as resource for plant design engineers as well as plant protection and safety personnel in planning for effective firefighting operations.