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Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture

Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture
  • Author : Claudio Colosio,Aristidis M. Tsatsakis,Stefan Mandic-Rajcevic,Athanasios Alegakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-27
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 0128125624
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Summary : Exposure and Risk Assessment of Pesticide Use in Agriculture: Approaches, Tools and Advances offers an overview of the different methods available in toxicology for pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from the regulatory field, to in-field research studies. The book provides technical background on each method, describing known and grounded tools, new uses of tools and development prospects. This book is ideal for researchers in pesticide toxicology, exposure toxicology, toxicologic risk assessment, occupational hygiene and medicine, and pesticide toxicology as well as occupational health and industrial hygiene practitioners, regulatory experts of corporate and public bodies, and advanced students. Covers pesticide exposure and risk assessment, ranging from fundamentals to advanced theory Explains methods that are useful for both experts and non-experts Details the use of each method for exposure and risk assessment, also including links to additional resources and further reading

Dermal Exposure Related to Pesticide Use

Dermal Exposure Related to Pesticide Use
  • Author : Richard C. Honeycutt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :529
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals

Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-22
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : 9535121456
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Summary : This edited book, Toxicity and Hazard of Agrochemicals, is intended to provide an overview of toxicology that examines the hazardous effects of common agrochemicals employed every day in our agricultural practices. Furthermore, it is hoped that the information in the present book will be of value to those directly engaged in the handling and use of agrochemicals and that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the different aspects of human and environmental risk toxicities.

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues

Food Safety Assessment Of Pesticide Residues
  • Author : Ambrus Arpad,Hamilton Denis J
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-05
  • Total pages :568
  • ISBN : 1786341700
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Summary : Pesticides are now accepted as an integral part of modern agricultural production. This book provides analysis of the steps taken by national and international bodies working towards a cohesive global strategy for evaluating the safety of residues in food that result from approved pesticide uses. Also described is the role of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), World Health Organization (WHO) and Codex Alimentarius in developing standards that protect the health of the consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade. It goes on to look at the promotion of good agricultural practice in the use of pesticides and the need for control in their practical use. These include sampling, testing the compliance of marketed products against legal limits and verifying the effectiveness of the safety-based regulatory measures. This is a specialist book for those looking to go into the field of international food safety, for students and lecturers studying the topic, for policy makers working on public health and agricultural issues, and personnel responsible for taking samples and performing the analysis of pesticide formulations and residues.

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects

Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects
  • Author : Theo C. Brock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-24
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 1439813493
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Summary : Time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides are more often the rule than exception in the surface waters of agricultural landscapes. There is, therefore, a need to adequately address the uncertainties arising from time-variable exposure profiles in the aquatic risk assessment procedure for pesticides. Linking Aquatic Exposure and Effects: Risk Assessment of Pesticides provides guidance and recommendations for linking aquatic exposure and ecotoxicological effects in the environmental assessment of agricultural pesticides. Leading international scientists share their expertise in aquatic exposure assessment, aquatic ecotoxicology, and the risk assessment and management of plant protection products. The book incorporates the tools and approaches currently available for assessing the environmental risks of time-variable exposure profiles of pesticides. It also discusses the science behind these techniques. This volume covers the extrapolation techniques, including models that address the environmental fate, toxicokinetics, toxicodynamics, and ecological effects, for performing accurate aquatic environmental risk assessments of pesticides. It explains how to link aquatic exposure and effects in the risk assessment procedure for plant protection products.

Pesticide Risk Assessment

Pesticide Risk Assessment
  • Author : Sumitra Arora
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-08
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 178064633X
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Summary :

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides

Occupational and Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides
  • Author : Claire A. Franklin,John P. Worgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-11
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780471489894
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Summary : This timely publication concentrates on the exposure to pesticides by agricultural workers and residential users of pesticides through inhalation and physical contact. The book discusses more recently discovered risks such as pesticides on indoor carpets and includes new trends in data interpretation. Occupational & Residential Exposure Assessment for Pesticides complements the other title on pesticide exposure in the series - Pesticide Residues in Drinking Water, by Hamilton/Crossley and is a must for all professionals in the Pesticide Industry as well as academics.

Dermal Exposure

Dermal Exposure
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-20
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9789241572422
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Summary : This Environmental Health Criteria (EHC) series publication addresses dermal exposure to chemicals. It describes sources and pathways of dermal exposure, models and tools to estimate dermal exposure and methods for dermal exposure prevention and reduction. Furthermore, the EHC introduces skin diseases associated with dermal exposure. This EHC aims to provide information to national regulatory authorities to assist in conducting health risk assessments and managing the risk involving dermal exposure to chemicals.

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water

Pesticide Residues in Food and Drinking Water
  • Author : Denis Hamilton,Stephen Crossley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-05-14
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 0470091606
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Summary : This book explores human exposure and consumer risk assessment in response to issues surrounding pesticide residues in food and drinking water. All the three main areas of consumer risk assessment including human toxicology, pesticide residue chemistry and dietary consumption are brought together and discussed. Includes the broader picture - the environmental fate of pesticides Takes an international approach with contributors from the European Union, USA and Australia Highlights the increasing concerns over food safety and the risks to humans

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk

Modelling of Environmental Chemical Exposure and Risk
  • Author : Jan B.H.J. Linders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : 9401008841
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Summary : Mathematical models are being increasingly used to estimate the concentrations of a wide range of substances in the environment for a variety of reasons, including government control and legislation, and risk and hazard estimation. Exposure assessment has to be performed for many types of substances, including pesticides, industrial chemicals, pollutants, accidental discharges, etc. The interpretation of the results of model equations should always bear in mind the purpose for which the model used was built in the first place. Further, models are always an abstraction of reality, requiring simplifying assumptions to keep the models within the restraints posed by computer performance and/or scientific knowledge. The present book treats the theme of modelling chemical exposure and risk in terms of four main topics: model characteristics, applications, comparison of estimated with measured concentrations, and modelling credibility.

Human Health Risk Assessment for the Use of Pesticides in USDA Forest Service Nurseries

Human Health Risk Assessment for the Use of Pesticides in USDA Forest Service Nurseries
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Pesticides

Pesticides
  • Author : Graham Matthews
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-04-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 1405172983
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Summary : Over the last five decades pesticides have undoubtedly helped toincrease agricultural production and control vectors of disease,however the environmental impact of long term agro-chemical use hasbeen cause for concern along with the effects on human health. In Pesticides, Graham Matthews begins by looking at thedevelopmental history of pesticides, and how crop protection wasachieved before they were in use, how pesticides are registered foruse and what happens to pesticides in food and the environment.Pesticide application and operator safety is investigated and thefuture of pesticides in light of the development of geneticallymodified crops is explored. Provides commercially important information for theagro-chemical industry Addresses all aspects of public concern relating to humanhealth and the environment, including spray drift, bystander,resident and worker exposure Looks at the future of pesticides in light of the increasingprevalence of genetically modified crops Collecting together the most recent research in the area in asingle volume, this book is a vital resource for agriculturalscientists, agronomists, plant scientists, plant pathologists,entomologists, environmental scientists, public health personnel,toxicologists, crop protection personnel and all those involved inthe agrochemical industry and government pesticide registration andlegislation.

Pesticides in Surface Water

Pesticides in Surface Water
  • Author : Kean S. Goh,Jay Gan,Dirk F. Young,Yuzhou Luo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780841234109
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Summary : Newly developed pesticides are present in surface waters, but how do we evaluate and understand their effects? Evidence of pesticide contamination of surface waters has spurred interest in aquatic pesticide exposure and its subsequent effects on humans and the environment. This book discusses monitoring, aquatic toxicology, risk assessment, modeling, mitigation, and regulatory efforts to minimize contaminants and protect environmental integrity. Researchers and students at universities, chemists and toxicologists at agrochemical companies and contract laboratories, and consultants involved with resource conservation and environmental risk mitigation will find this work helpful.

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States
  • Author : John P. Giesy,Keith R. Solomon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-10
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 3319038656
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Summary : Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia

Progress in pesticide risk assessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides in Asia
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-01
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9251087091
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Summary : Over the past 30 years, the FAO regional office in Bangkok has assisted countries in Asia and the Pacific region to establish pesticide legislation and regulations, and to manage these products in accordance with the Code of Conduct and other international conventions and treaties. Many workshops aimed at enhancing harmonization among countries’ regulatory frameworks for the control of pesticides have been conducted in the region. The most recent workshop on practical aspects of pesticide risk a ssessment and phasing-out of highly hazardous pesticides was conducted in Nanjing, China from 19 to 22 May 2014. This publication provides an updated status of pesticide risk reduction in Asian countries. It also contains databases of registered and banned pesticides, and important documents from the Nanjing workshop that serve to enhance closer cooperation among countries in phasing-out hazardous pesticides.

Non-Target Effects of Pesticides on Organisms Inhabiting Agroecosystems

Non-Target Effects of Pesticides on Organisms Inhabiting Agroecosystems
  • Author : Johann G. Zaller,Carsten A. Brühl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-17
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 2889459764
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Summary : Pesticide usage is increasing worldwide and considered among the main factors contributing to the global decline in biodiversity. This Research Topic provides an overview of the state-of-knowledge regarding non-target effects of herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and rodenticides on a variety of ecosystem functions and organisms. Taxa covered in the contributions include algae, amphibians, aquatic fungi, aquatic insects, bats, bumblebees, butterflies, earthworms, enchytraeids, honeybees, plants, rodents and soil microorganisms. The papers also highlight many gaps in our understanding of non-target effects of pesticides and their consequences for biodiversity and functions of various ecosystems. Overall, it became clear that priorities for future work on pesticides and their effects should more focus on investigating or simulating realistic field situations, i.e., multiple applications of pesticides during the growing season including their temporal and spatial interactions with fauna and flora.

Environmental Health Perspectives

Environmental Health Perspectives
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Pesticides

Pesticides
  • Author : Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-20
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9535112171
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Summary : The edited book Pesticides - Toxic Aspects contains an overview of attractive researchers of pesticide toxicology that covers the hazardous effects of common chemical pesticide agents employed every day in our agricultural practices. The combination of experimental and theoretical pesticide investigations of current interest will make this book of significance to researchers, scientists, engineers, and graduate students who make use of those different investigations to understand the toxic aspects of pesticides. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in different aspects of pesticide toxicity.

Methods of Pesticide Exposure Assessment

Methods of Pesticide Exposure Assessment
  • Author : Patricia B. Curry,Sesh Iyengar,Pamela A. Maloney,M. Maroni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-21
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 1489909737
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Summary : This book is a summary of the presentations and discussions at the Workshop on Methods of Pesticide Exposure Assessment held in Ottawa, Canada, on October 5-8, 1993. The event was a joint effort of Health Canada and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and was officially supported by the United States Environmental Agency and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The goal of the workshop was to examine current issues in the field of pesticide exposure assessment with the aim of reaching an internationally harmonized approach to methods of exposure assessment. With regulatory agencies of OECD Member countries moving towards the harmonization of data requirements, it was timely and beneficial to bring together international experts in the field of pesticide exposure assessment to discuss current issues. Approximately 60 delegates and 20 observers participated, including individuals from 15 different countries representing academia, government, industry and international organizations. A guidance document on methods of pesticide exposure assessment was presented as a means to achieving the goal of international for critique and discussion harmonization. After extensive discussion, the workshop delegates agreed in principle to procedures for revising the guidance document. Following revision and further review by a designated peer review group, the revised document will be submitted to the OECD for consideration as a draft OECD Guidance Document on pesticide exposure assessment methods. Both the revised and original documents are included in these proceedings.

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment

Pesticides in Agriculture and the Environment
  • Author : Willis B. Wheeler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-08-14
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780203909430
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Summary : Discussing the range of effects of pesticides on food and human safety, water quality, wildlife, and pest management, this book explores the agricultural, economic, and regulatory factors that affect pesticide use. It examines crop and pest ecology, integrated pest management principles, and emerging analytical tools to improve the efficacy and cos

Pesticide Toxicity to Non-target Organisms

Pesticide Toxicity to Non-target Organisms
  • Author : Johnson Stanley,Gnanadhas Preetha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-12
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 9401777527
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Summary : The pesticide should cause effect on the target pests and be selective enough to spare the non-target beneficial. The book deals with the pesticide toxicity to predators, parasitoids and microbes which are used for pest management in the agroecosystem. The other beneficials exposed to pesticides are pollinators, earthworms, silkworm and fishes. The book contains information on the modes of pesticide exposure and toxicity to the organisms, sub-lethal effects of insecticides and method of toxicity assessment, risk assessment of pesticidal application in the field. The purpose of the work is to compile and present the different procedures to assess pesticide poising in organisms related to the agroecosystem along with discussions on risk assessment procedures with clear comparison of toxicity of pesticides to target pests and non target beneficial organisms.