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Extreme Weather Forecasting

Extreme Weather Forecasting
  • Author : Marina Astitha,Efthymios I. Nikolopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-11-15
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 012820124X
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Summary : Extreme Weather Forecasting reviews current knowledge about extreme weather events, including key elements and less well-known variables to accurately forecast them. It covers multiple temporal scales as well as components of current weather forecasting systems. It also includes case studies on successful forecasting as well as the impacts of extreme weather predictability. Extreme Weather Forecasting is a comprehensive and model agnostic review of best practices for atmospheric scientists and others who utilize extreme weather forecasts. Reviews recent developments in numerical prediction for better forecasting of extreme weather events Covers causes and mechanisms of high impact extreme events, and how to account for these variables when forecasting Includes numerous case studies on successful forecasting, outlining why they worked

Severe Storm Forecasting, 1st Ed.

Severe Storm Forecasting, 1st Ed.
  • Author : Tim Vasquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-01
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 0970684096
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Summary :

The Evolution of Meteorology

The Evolution of Meteorology
  • Author : Kevin Anthony Teague,Nicole Gallicchio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-24
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781119136149
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Summary : The essential guide to the history, current trends, and the future of meteorology This comprehensive review explores the evolution of the field of meteorology, from its infancy in 3000 bc, through the birth of fresh ideas and the naming of the field as a science, to the technology boom, to today. The Evolution of Meteorology reveals the full story of where meteorology was then to where it is now, where the field is heading, and what needs to be done to get the field to levels never before imagined. Authored by experts of the topic, this book includes information on forecasting technologies, organizations, governmental agencies, and world cooperative projects. The authors explore the ancient history of the first attempts to understand and predict weather and examine the influence of the very early birth of television, computers, and technologies that are useful to meteorology. This modern-day examination of meteorology is filled with compelling research, statistics, future paths, ideas, and suggestions. This vital resource: Examines current information on climate change and recent extreme weather events Starts with the Ancient Babylonians and ends with the largest global agreement of any kind with the Paris Agreement Includes current information on the most authoritative research in the field of meteorology Contains data on climate change theories and understanding, as well as extreme weather statistics and histories This enlightening text explores in full the history of the study of meteorology in order to bring awareness to the overall path and future prospects of meteorology.

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Attribution
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9780309380973
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Summary : As climate has warmed over recent years, a new pattern of more frequent and more intense weather events has unfolded across the globe. Climate models simulate such changes in extreme events, and some of the reasons for the changes are well understood. Warming increases the likelihood of extremely hot days and nights, favors increased atmospheric moisture that may result in more frequent heavy rainfall and snowfall, and leads to evaporation that can exacerbate droughts. Even with evidence of these broad trends, scientists cautioned in the past that individual weather events couldn't be attributed to climate change. Now, with advances in understanding the climate science behind extreme events and the science of extreme event attribution, such blanket statements may not be accurate. The relatively young science of extreme event attribution seeks to tease out the influence of human-cause climate change from other factors, such as natural sources of variability like El Niño, as contributors to individual extreme events. Event attribution can answer questions about how much climate change influenced the probability or intensity of a specific type of weather event. As event attribution capabilities improve, they could help inform choices about assessing and managing risk, and in guiding climate adaptation strategies. This report examines the current state of science of extreme weather attribution, and identifies ways to move the science forward to improve attribution capabilities.

Philip's Guide to Weather Forecasting

Philip's Guide to Weather Forecasting
  • Author : Storm Dunlop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 0540090263
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Summary : The guide gives detailed information on how to make your own forecast and covers every aspect of weather forecasting, from what causes the weather to information on recognizing clouds. Details of weather systems, depressions, anticyclones and hurricanes are included, plus information on the extreme weather that has so dominated the news in recent years. Local weather, such as wind systems, visibility, frost and snow, is featured along with optical effects such as rainbows, haloes and mirages.The full range of forecasting is explored, from professional forecasts and charts to satellite images and weather watching - including instruments you might use at home.The book features numerous colour photos and diagrams and is ideal for the amateur forecaster.

Guide to Weather Forecasting

Guide to Weather Forecasting
  • Author : Storm Dunlop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : PSU:000067895496
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Summary : Describes weather forecasting, including how different phenomena develop, how geography produces local weather patterns, and ways to make a forecast at home.

Forecast

Forecast
  • Author : Mark Buchanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :261
  • ISBN : 9781408827376
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Summary : A groundbreaking book that uses physics to show how instability is inherent in economic markets, just as thunderstorms are a part of the weather.

Extreme Weather

Extreme Weather
  • Author : Robert K. Doe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-14
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781118949955
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Summary : This book is about weather extremes in the United Kingdom. It presents fascinating and detailed insights into tornadoes (supercell and non-supercell tornadoes, historical and contemporary case studies, frequency and spatial distributions, and unique data on extreme events); thunderstorms (epic event analysis and observing); hailstorms (intensity, distributions and frequency of high magnitude events); lightning (lightning as a hazard, impacts and injuries); ball lightning (definitions, impacts and case studies); flooding (historical and contemporary analysis, extreme rainfall and flash flooding); snowfalls (heavy snowfall days and events). It also looks at researching weather extremes, provides guidance on performing post-storm site investigations and details what is involved in severe weather forecasting. It is written by members, directors and past and present Heads of the research group the Tornado and Storm Research Organisation (TORRO). With fifteen chapters thematically arranged, and data appendix including a new tornado map of the U.K., this book presents a wealth of information on meteorological extremes. This volume is aimed primarily at researchers in the field of meteorology and climatology, but will also be of interest to advanced undergraduate students taking relevant courses in this area.

Extreme Weather

Extreme Weather
  • Author : Robert K. Doe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-12
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781118949962
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Summary : This book is about weather extremes in the United Kingdom. It presents fascinating and detailed insights into tornadoes (supercell and non-supercell tornadoes, historical and contemporary case studies, frequency and spatial distributions, and unique data on extreme events); thunderstorms (epic event analysis and observing); hailstorms (intensity, distributions and frequency of high magnitude events); lightning (lightning as a hazard, impacts and injuries); ball lightning (definitions, impacts and case studies); flooding (historical and contemporary analysis, extreme rainfall and flash flooding); snowfalls (heavy snowfall days and events). It also looks at researching weather extremes, provides guidance on performing post-storm site investigations and details what is involved in severe weather forecasting. It is written by members, directors and past and present Heads of the research group the Tornado and Storm Research Organisation (TORRO). With fifteen chapters thematically arranged, and data appendix including a new tornado map of the U.K., this book presents a wealth of information on meteorological extremes. This volume is aimed primarily at researchers in the field of meteorology and climatology, but will also be of interest to advanced undergraduate students taking relevant courses in this area.

The Weather Machine

The Weather Machine
  • Author : Andrew Blum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-25
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781443438612
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Summary : From the acclaimed author of Tubes, a lively and surprising tour through the global network that predicts our weather, the people behind it, and what it reveals about our climate and our planet The weather is the foundation of our daily lives. It’s a staple of small talk, the app on our smartphones, and often the first thing we check each morning. Yet, behind all these humble interactions is the largest and most elaborate piece of infrastructure human beings have ever constructed—a triumph of both science and global cooperation. But what is the weather machine, and who created it? In The Weather Machine, Andrew Blum takes readers on a fascinating journey through the people, places, and tools of forecasting, exploring how the weather went from something we simply observed to something we could actually predict. As he travels across the planet, he visits some of the oldest and most important weather stations and watches the newest satellites blast off. He explores the dogged efforts of forecasters to create a supercomputer model of the atmosphere, while trying to grasp the ongoing relevance of TV weather forecasters. In the increasingly unpredictable world of climate change, correctly understanding the weather is vital. Written with the sharp wit and infectious curiosity Andrew Blum is known for, The Weather Machine pulls back the curtain on a universal part of our everyday lives, illuminating our changing relationships with technology, the planet, and our global community.

Computer Vision and Image Processing

Computer Vision and Image Processing
  • Author : Neeta Nain,Santosh Kumar Vipparthi,Balasubramanian Raman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-28
  • Total pages :523
  • ISBN : 9789811540189
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Summary : This two-volume set (CCIS 1147, CCIS 1148) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computer Vision and Image Processing. held in Jaipur, India, in September 2019. The 73 full papers and 10 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 202 submissions. The papers are organized by the topical headings in two parts. Part I: Biometrics; Computer Forensic; Computer Vision; Dimension Reduction; Healthcare Information Systems; Image Processing; Image segmentation; Information Retrieval; Instance based learning; Machine Learning.Part II: ​Neural Network; Object Detection; Object Recognition; Online Handwriting Recognition; Optical Character Recognition; Security and Privacy; Unsupervised Clustering.

Loss and Damage from Climate Change

Loss and Damage from Climate Change
  • Author : Reinhard Mechler,Laurens Bouwer,Thomas Schinko,Swenja Surminski,JoAnne Linnerooth-Bayer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-11
  • Total pages :557
  • ISBN : 9783319720265
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Summary : This book provides an authoritative insight on the Loss and Damage discourse by highlighting state-of-the-art research and policy linked to this discourse and articulating its multiple concepts, principles and methods. Written by leading researchers and practitioners, it identifies practical and evidence-based policy options to inform the discourse and climate negotiations. With climate-related risks on the rise and impacts being felt around the globe has come the recognition that climate mitigation and adaptation may not be enough to manage the effects from anthropogenic climate change. This recognition led to the creation of the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage in 2013, a climate policy mechanism dedicated to dealing with climate-related effects in highly vulnerable countries that face severe constraints and limits to adaptation. Endorsed in 2015 by the Paris Agreement and effectively considered a third pillar of international climate policy, debate and research on Loss and Damage continues to gain enormous traction. Yet, concepts, methods and tools as well as directions for policy and implementation have remained contested and vague. Suitable for researchers, policy-advisors, practitioners and the interested public, the book furthermore: • discusses the political, legal, economic and institutional dimensions of the issue• highlights normative questions central to the discourse• provides a focus on climate risks and climate risk management• presents salient case studies from around the world.

The Global Monsoon System

The Global Monsoon System
  • Author : Chih-Pei Chang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9789814343411
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Summary : This book presents a current review of the science of monsoon research and forecasting. The contents are based on the invited reviews presented at the World Meteorological Organization''s Fourth International Workshop on Monsoons in late 2008, with subsequent manuscripts revised from 2009 to early 2010. The book builds on the concept that the monsoons in various parts of the globe can be viewed as components of an integrated global monsoon system, while emphasizing that significant region-specific characteristics are present in individual monsoon regions. The topics covered include all major monsoon regions and time scales (mesoscale, synoptic, intraseasonal, interannual, decadal, and climate change). It is intended to provide an updated comprehensive review of the current status of knowledge, modeling capability, and future directions in the research of monsoon systems around the world.

Extreme American Weather

Extreme American Weather
  • Author : Tim Vasquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :130
  • ISBN : 0970684053
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Summary :

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
  • Author : Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-28
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781107380103
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Summary : This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts

Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts
  • Author : Stéphane Vannitsem,Daniel S. Wilks,Jakob Messner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-17
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780128122488
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Summary : Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts brings together chapters contributed by international subject-matter experts describing the current state of the art in the statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts. The book illustrates the use of these methods in several important applications including weather, hydrological and climate forecasts, and renewable energy forecasting. After an introductory section on ensemble forecasts and prediction systems, the second section of the book is devoted to exposition of the methods available for statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts: univariate and multivariate ensemble postprocessing are first reviewed by Wilks (Chapters 3), then Schefzik and Möller (Chapter 4), and the more specialized perspective necessary for postprocessing forecasts for extremes is presented by Friederichs, Wahl, and Buschow (Chapter 5). The second section concludes with a discussion of forecast verification methods devised specifically for evaluation of ensemble forecasts (Chapter 6 by Thorarinsdottir and Schuhen). The third section of this book is devoted to applications of ensemble postprocessing. Practical aspects of ensemble postprocessing are first detailed in Chapter 7 (Hamill), including an extended and illustrative case study. Chapters 8 (Hemri), 9 (Pinson and Messner), and 10 (Van Schaeybroeck and Vannitsem) discuss ensemble postprocessing specifically for hydrological applications, postprocessing in support of renewable energy applications, and postprocessing of long-range forecasts from months to decades. Finally, Chapter 11 (Messner) provides a guide to the ensemble-postprocessing software available in the R programming language, which should greatly help readers implement many of the ideas presented in this book. Edited by three experts with strong and complementary expertise in statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts, this book assesses the new and rapidly developing field of ensemble forecast postprocessing as an extension of the use of statistical corrections to traditional deterministic forecasts. Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts is an essential resource for researchers, operational practitioners, and students in weather, seasonal, and climate forecasting, as well as users of such forecasts in fields involving renewable energy, conventional energy, hydrology, environmental engineering, and agriculture. Consolidates, for the first time, the methodologies and applications of ensemble forecasts in one succinct place Provides real-world examples of methods used to formulate forecasts Presents the tools needed to make the best use of multiple model forecasts in a timely and efficient manner

The Discovery of Weather

The Discovery of Weather
  • Author : Jerry Lockett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-26
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9781459500808
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Summary : How we learned to forecast weather--and the extraordinary story of the prediction that came true for one of the century's worst storms on the East Coast

Weather: a Very Short Introduction

Weather: a Very Short Introduction
  • Author : Storm Dunlop
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-19
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9780199571314
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Summary : From deciding the best day for a picnic, to the devastating effects of hurricanes and typhoons, the weather impacts our lives on a daily basis. Although new techniques allow us to forecast the weather with increasing accuracy, most people do not realize the vast global movements and forces which result in their day-to-day weather. In this Very Short Introduction, Storm Dunlop explains what weather is and how it differs from climate, discussing what causes weather, and how we measure it. Analyzing the basic features and properties of the atmosphere, he shows how these are directly related to the weather experienced on the ground, and to specific weather phenomena and extreme weather events. He describes how the global patterns of temperature and pressure give rise to the overall circulation within the atmosphere, the major wind systems, and the major oceanic currents, and how features such as mountains and the sea affect local weather. He also looks at examples of extreme and dangerous weather, such as of tropical cyclones (otherwise known as hurricanes and typhoons), describing how "Hurricane Hunters" undertake the dangerous task of flying through them. We measure weather in a number of ways: observations taken on the land and sea; observations within the atmosphere; and measurements from orbiting satellites. Dunlop concludes by looking at how these observations have been used to develop increasingly sophisticated long and short-range weather forecasting, including ensemble forecasting. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Making Climate Forecasts Matter

Making Climate Forecasts Matter
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Environmental Change and Society,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on the Human Dimensions of Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate Variability
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-06-27
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780309064750
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Summary : El Nino has been with us for centuries, but now we can forcast it, and thus can prepare far in advance for the extreme climatic events it brings. The emerging ability to forecast climate may be of tremendous value to humanity if we learn how to use the information well. How does society cope with seasonal-to-interannual climatic variations? How have climate forecasts been used--and how useful have they been? What kinds of forecast information are needed? Who is likely to benefit from forecasting skill? What are the benefits of better forecasting? This book reviews what we know about these and other questions and identifies research directions toward more useful seasonal-to-interannual climate forecasts. In approaching their recommendations, the panel explores: Vulnerability of human activities to climate. State of the science of climate forecasting. How societies coevolved with their climates and cope with variations in climate. How climate information should be disseminated to achieve the best response. How we can use forecasting to better manage the human consequences of climate change.

Empirical Methods in Short-Term Climate Prediction

Empirical Methods in Short-Term Climate Prediction
  • Author : Huug van den Dool,Principal Scientist Cpc and Adjunct Professor Huug Van Den Dool
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :215
  • ISBN : 9780199202782
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Summary : This clear, accessible text describes the methods and advances in short-term climate prediction at time scales of 2 weeks to a year. With an emphasis on the prediction methods themselves and the use of observations, the text is ideal for students and researchers in Meteorology, Atmospheric Science, Geoscience, Mathematics, Statistics and Physics.

Extreme Weather and Global Media

Extreme Weather and Global Media
  • Author : Julia Leyda,Diane Negra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-05
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9781317630319
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Summary : In the two decades bracketing the turn of the millennium, large-scale weather disasters have been inevitably constructed as media events. As such, they challenge the meaning of concepts such as identity and citizenship for both locally affected populations and widespread spectator communities. This timely collection pinpoints the features of an often overlooked yet rapidly expanding category of global media and analyzes both its forms and functions. Specifically, contributors argue that the intense promotion and consumption of 'extreme weather' events takes up the slack for the public conversations society is not having about the environment, and the feeling of powerlessness that accompanies the realization that anthropogenic climate change has now reached a point of no return. Incorporating a range of case studies of extreme weather mediation in India, the UK, Germany, Sweden, the US, and Japan, and exploring recent and ongoing disasters such as Superstorm Sandy, the Fukushima nuclear crisis, flooding in Germany, and heat waves in the UK, Extreme Weather and Global Media generates valuable inquiry into the representational and social characteristics of the new culture of extreme weather.