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The Neurology of Eye Movements

The Neurology of Eye Movements
  • Author : R. John Leigh,David S. Zee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-18
  • Total pages :1136
  • ISBN : 0199969280
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Summary : This new edition of Leigh and Zee's The Neurology of Eye Movements is available as an enhanced edition for the first time. Your purchase of the print version includes access to the online version via Oxford Medicine Online. By activating your unique access code, you can discover more than 200videos, view and enlarge nearly 250 high resolution images, and annotate the work for future personal reference. The 5th edition of The Neurology of Eye Movements has two interrelated parts. The first comprises a modern synthesis of the anatomical, physiological, and pharmacological substrate for eye movements, including current views on the reflexive and voluntary control of gaze. This synthesis is based onelectrophysiological and inactivation studies in macaque, and behavioural studies in humans that incorporate functional imaging and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in normals, and clinicopathological studies in patients with neurological, visual, or vestibular disorders. Sophisticatedexperimental paradigms have been applied to both species to explore aspects of cognition, memory, volition, and reward. This large body of research has demonstrated the power of eye movements as experimental tools. The second part of the book applies this synthesis to the clinical and laboratoryevaluation of patients with abnormal eye movements due to a broad range of disorders - from muscular dystrophy, and genetic disorders, to dementia, including visual and vestibular conditions. By placing links to figures, tables, boxes, and videos, a synthesis of basic research and clinical findings is provided, that may shed new light on disease processes and provide insights on normal brain function.

Eye Movements

Eye Movements
  • Author : Roger PG van Gompel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-03-27
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780080474915
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Summary : Eye-movement recording has become the method of choice in a wide variety of disciplines investigating how the mind and brain work. This volume brings together recent, high-quality eye-movement research from many different disciplines and, in doing so, presents a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art in eye-movement research. Sections include the history of eye-movement research, physiological and clinical studies of eye movements, transsaccadic integration, computational modelling of eye movements, reading, spoken language processing, attention and scene perception, and eye-movements in natural environments. Includes recent research from a variety of disciplines Divided into sections based on topic areas, with an overview chapter beginning each section Through the study of eye movements we can learn about the human mind, and eye movement recording has become the method of choice in many disciplines

The Neurology of Eye Movements : Text and CD-ROM

The Neurology of Eye Movements : Text and CD-ROM
  • Author : Departments of Neurology R. John Leigh Professor, Neuroscience Otolaryngology and Biomedical Engineering Case Western Reserve University University Hospitals and Veterans Affairs Medical Center Cleveland Ohio,Departments of Neurology David S. Zee Professor, Ophthalmology Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Neuroscience
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-08-26
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 0198029705
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Summary : The Neurology of Eye Movements provides clinicians with a synthesis of current scientific information that can be applied to the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of ocular motility. Basic scientists will also benefit from descriptions of how data from anatomical, electrophysiological, pharmacological, and imaging studies can be directly applied to the study of disease. By critically reviewing such basic studies, the authors build a conceptual framework that can be applied to the interpretation of abnormal ocular motor behavior at the bedside. These syntheses are summarized in displays, new figures, schematics and tables. Early chapters discuss the visual need and neural basis for each functional class of eye movements. Two large chapters deal with the evaluation of double vision and systematically evaluate how many disorders of the central nervous system affect eye movements. This edition has been extensively rewritten, and contains many new figures and an up-to-date section on the treatment of abnormal eye movements such as nystagmus. A major innovation has been the development of an option to read the book from a compact disc, make use of hypertext links (which bridge basic science to clinical issues), and view the major disorders of eye movements in over 60 video clips. This volume will provide pertinent, up-to-date information to neurologists, neuroscientists, ophthalmologists, visual scientists, otalaryngologists, optometrists, biomedical engineers, and psychologists.

The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements

The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements
  • Author : Simon Liversedge,Iain Gilchrist,Stefan Everling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-18
  • Total pages :1048
  • ISBN : 0191626619
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Summary : In the past few years, there has been an explosion of eye movement research in cognitive science and neuroscience. This has been due to the availability of 'off the shelf' eye trackers, along with software to allow the easy acquisition and analysis of eye movement data. Accompanying this has been a realisation that eye movement data can be informative about many different aspects of perceptual and cognitive processing. Eye movements have been used to examine the visual and cognitive processes underpinning a much broader range of human activities, including, language production, dialogue, human computer interaction, driving behaviour, sporting performance, and emotional states. Finally, in the past thirty years, there have been real advances in our understanding of the neural processes that underpin eye movement behaviour. The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements provides the first comprehensive review of the entire field of eye movement research. In over fifty chapters, it reviews the developments that have so far taken place, the areas actively being researched, and looks at how the field is likely to devlop in the coming years. The first section considers historical and background material, before moving onto section 2 on the neural basis of eye movements. The third and fourth sections looks at visual cognition and eye movements and eye movement pathology and development. The final sections consider eye movements and reading and language processing and eye movements. Bringing together cutting edge research from and international team of leading psychologists, neuroscientists, and vision researchers, this book is the definitive reference work in this field.

Eye Movements from Physiology to Cognition

Eye Movements from Physiology to Cognition
  • Author : J.K. O'Regan,A. Lévy-Schoen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :695
  • ISBN : 1483290069
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Summary : Eye movement research from a range of disciplines is presented in this book. Contributions from all over the world examine theoretical and applied aspects of eye movements, including classical biocybernetic models, physiology, pathology, ocular exploration, reading, ergonomics/human factors, and microcomputer calibration techniques.

Eye Movements

Eye Movements
  • Author : Dennis F. Fisher,Richard A. Monty,John W. Senders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-27
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 1315437392
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Summary : Originally published in 1981, this volume represents the edited proceedings of the third symposium on eye movements and behaviour sponsored by the US Army Human Engineering Laboratory. The conference, titled "The Last Whole Earth Eye Movement Conference" was held in Florida in February 1980. As the conference approached, seizure of the American hostages by the Iranian militants, the Russian invasion of Afghanistan, and the uncertain economic outlook around the world made it appear as though the title was a self-fulfilling prophecy. But the meeting proved highly successful and people throughout the world seemed to be adapting to the stresses of international tension, making the possibility of subsequent meetings more likely. The present volume is intended to serve as a complementary text to the earlier texts Eye Movements and Psychological Processes (Monty & Senders, 1976) and Eye Movements and the Higher Psychological Functions (Senders, Fisher & Monty, 1978), rather than a revision and update of them.

Movements of the Eyes

Movements of the Eyes
  • Author : Roger H. S. Carpenter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :593
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Eye Movement Research

Eye Movement Research
  • Author : J.M. Findlay,R. Walker,R.W. Kentridge
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-02-03
  • Total pages :561
  • ISBN : 9780080531540
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Summary : This volume contains selected and edited papers from the 7th European Conference on Eye Movements (ECEM 7) held in Durham, UK on August 31-September 3 1993. The volume is organized as follows:- Invited Lectures, Pursuit and Co-Ordination, Saccade and Fixation Control, Oculomotor Physiology, Clinical and Medical Aspects of Eye Movements, Eye Movements and Cognition, Eye Movements and Language and finally, Displays and Applications.

Eye Movement Disorders

Eye Movement Disorders
  • Author : Agnes Wong M.D.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-03
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780199717279
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Summary : Eye Movement Disorders, by Dr. Agnes Wong, fills a great void in the Ophthalmology and Neurology literature by presenting eye movement disorders in a full-color, highly illustrative format. This text explains eye movement disorders in a concise yet comprehensive manner, which makes it an excellent reference book and an outstanding learning text for anyone trying to master the intricate relationship between eye movement disorders, and their underlying neuroanatomy and pathophysiology. Its easy-to-read and user-friendly approach will appeal to specialists in Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery who need a rapid reference on less familiar clinical problems. Key features include: Provides a coherent, concise, and easy to assimilate description and explanation of different eye movement disorders Presents over 100 full-color clinical photographs, radiographs, and color illustrations highlighting pertinent anatomy and brain pathways Highlights key information and important features through boxes, tables, and algorithms

Eye Movements in Reading

Eye Movements in Reading
  • Author : Keith Rayner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 0323146287
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Summary : Eye Movements in Reading: Perceptual and Language Processes focuses on eye movement and cognitive processes as a way to study the reading process. This book also discusses the different aspects of reading. Organized into seven parts encompassing 26 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the perceptual and psychophysical factors essential to eye movement during reading. This book then explains how some psychophysical factors, such as type size and masking, affect the reading performance. Other chapters consider the role of transient and sustained cells, as well as their possible effects on reading. This text also examines the size of the perceptual span in reading and the integration of information across eye movement. Finally, this book explains the eye movement abnormalities, general eye movement parameters, and the cognitive processes within the reading disabled group. This book is a valuable resource to optometrists, scientists, field researchers, and readers who are interested in the reading process.

Eye movement-related brain activity during perceptual and cognitive processing

Eye movement-related brain activity during perceptual and cognitive processing
  • Author : Andrey R. Nikolaev,Sebastian Pannasch,Junji Ito,Artem Belopolsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-23
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 2889192733
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Summary : The recording and analysis of electrical brain activity associated with eye movements has a history of several decades. While the early attempts were primarily focused on uncovering the brain mechanisms of eye movements, more recent approaches use eye movements as markers of the ongoing brain activity to investigate perceptual and cognitive processes. This recent approach of segmenting brain activity based on eye movement behavior has several important advantages. First, the eye movement system is closely related to cognitive functions such as perception, attention and memory. This is not surprising since eye movements provide the easiest and the most accurate way to extract information from our visual environment and the eye movement system largely determines what information is selected for further processing. The eye movement-based segmentation offers a great way to study brain activity in relation to these processes. Second, on the methodological level, eye movements constitute a natural marker to segment the ongoing brain activity. This overcomes the problem of introducing artificial markers such as ones for stimulus presentation or response execution that are typical for a lab-based research. This opens possibilities to study brain activity during self-paced perceptual and cognitive behavior under naturalistic conditions such as free exploration of scenes. Third, by relating eye movement behavior to the ongoing brain activity it is possible to see how perceptual and cognitive processes unfold in time, being able to predict how brain activity eventually leads to behavior. This research topic illustrates advantages of the combined recording and analysis of eye movements and neural signals such as EEG, local field potentials and fMRI for investigation of the brain processes in humans and animals. The contributions include research papers, methodology papers and reviews demonstrating conceptual and methodological achievements in this rapidly developing field.

Eye Movements and Vision

Eye Movements and Vision
  • Author : A. L. Yarbus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-11
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 1489953795
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Summary :

The Control of Eye Movements

The Control of Eye Movements
  • Author : Paul Bach-y-Rita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 0323145647
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Summary : The Control of Eye Movements presents the proceedings of the Symposium on the Control of Eye Movements organized by the Smith-Kettlewell Institute of Visual Sciences of the Pacific Medical Center and the Department of Visual Sciences of the University of the Pacific Graduate School of Medical Sciences, San Francisco, California, November 10-11, 1969. The book is organized into two parts. Part I is devoted to presentations of anatomical, physiological, pharmacological, psychological, and clinical aspects of eye movements. The material presented should provide a valuable reference source as well as increase awareness of the need for further investigation of many aspects of the basic physiology of eye movements. Part II presents a series of papers dealing with models of various parts of the oculomotor system. The modeling approach to control of eye movements is still in its infancy and the present work presents the first comprehensive survey of biophysical, mathematical, and engineering aspects of eye movement control.

Eye Movements and Information Processing During Reading

Eye Movements and Information Processing During Reading
  • Author : Ralph Radach,Alan Kennedy,Keith Rayner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9781841699561
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Summary : Measurement and analysis of eye movements are two of the most powerful ways to study the workings of the human mind. This Special Issue on eye movements and information processing in reading presents an overview of experimental research based on this methodology. Eye movements provide a unique opportunity to examine principles of human information processing in a well-structured visual environment while people engage in a natural cognitive task. At the same time, oculomotor measures can be used as a tool to develop and test psycholinguistic hypotheses about the processing of written language. The papers in this issue contribute to both aspects, addressing issues that dominate current debates in the field. Seen from the angle of visual information processing, a major theme is the role played by parafoveal information for different types and levels of processing and for oculomotor control in reading. This includes effects of visual and linguistic word properties on the selection of words for fixation and the specification of saccade amplitudes. Clearly the most controversial question in this context concerns the allocation of attention, with positions ranging from a sequentially moving spotlight to a gradient of spatially distributed processing. Related to this is the issue of serial vs. parallel word processing and the fundamental question as to what extent the duration of fixations in reading is related to lexical processing. Taking a psycholinguistic perspective, the topics addressed include several levels of language processing from orthography to pragmatic information in sentence reading. New approaches to the study of morphologically complex words are reported, together with novel work revealing the complex nature of the apparently accessible, but elusive, concept of word frequency. Other papers reflect current theoretical discussions centered on the development of computational models of the reading process and contribute to the empirical base of these discussions. Taken together, this collection of papers, supplemented by an introduction to the field and a commentary on major issues, presents a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on a research area currently characterised by numerous theoretical and empirical disputes. The papers will be of particular appeal to readers interested in basic and applied psycholinguistics, attention and visual perception, motor control and the modelling of complex cognitive processes.

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements, Part I

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements, Part I
  • Author : John Enderle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-10
  • Total pages :163
  • ISBN : 1608452336
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Summary : There are five different types of eye movements: saccades, smooth pursuit, vestibular ocular eye movements, optokinetic eye movements, and vergence eye movements. The purpose of this book is focused primarily on mathematical models of the horizontal saccadic eye movement system and the smooth pursuit system, rather than on how visual information is processed. A saccade is a fast eye movement used to acquire a target by placing the image of the target on the fovea. Smooth pursuit is a slow eye movement used to track a target as it moves by keeping the target on the fovea. The vestibular ocular movement is used to keep the eyes on a target during brief head movements. The optokinetic eye movement is a combination of saccadic and slow eye movements that keeps a full-field image stable on the retina during sustained head rotation. Each of these movements is a conjugate eye movement, that is, movements of both eyes together driven by a common neural source. A vergence movement is a non-conjugate eye movement allowing the eyes to track targets as they come closer or farther away. In this book, early models of saccades and smooth pursuit are presented. The smooth pursuit system allows tracking of a slow moving target to maintain its position on the fovea. Models of the smooth pursuit have been developed using systems control theory, all involving a negative feedback control system that includes a time delay, controller and plant in the forward loop, with unity feedback. The oculomotor plant and saccade generator are the basic elements of the saccadic system. The oculomotor plant consists of three muscle pairs and the eyeball. A number of oculomotor plant models are described here beginning with the Westheimer model published in 1954, and up through our 1995 model involving a 4th order oculomotor plant model. The work presented here is not an exhaustive coverage of the field, but focused on the interests of the author. In Part II, a state-of-art model of the saccade system is presented, including a neural network that controls the system. Table of Contents: Introduction / Smooth Pursuit Models / Early Models of the Horizontal Saccadic Eye Movement System / Velocity and Acceleration Estimation / 1995 Linear Homeomorphic Saccadic Eye Movement Model

European Conference on Eye Movements (2nd : 1983 : Nottingham, England)

European Conference on Eye Movements (2nd : 1983 : Nottingham, England)
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984-01-01
  • Total pages :562
  • ISBN : 9780080866765
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Summary : European Conference on Eye Movements (2nd : 1983 : Nottingham, England)

The Mind's Eye

The Mind's Eye
  • Author : Ralph Radach,Jukka Hyona,Heiner Deubel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-06-05
  • Total pages :762
  • ISBN : 9780080518923
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Summary : The book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art overview of current research on cognitive and applied aspects of eye movements. The contents include peer-reviewed chapters based on a selection of papers presented at the 11th European Conference on Eye Movements (Turku, Finland 2001), supplemented by invited contributions. The ECEM conference series brings together researchers from various disciplines with an interest to use eye-tracking to study perceptual and higher order cognitive functions. The contents of the book faithfully reflect the scope and diversity of interest in eye-tracking as a fruitful tool both in basic and applied research. It consists of five sections: visual information processing and saccadic eye movements; empirical studies of reading and language production; computational models of eye movements in reading; eye-tracking as a tool to study human-computer interaction; and eye movement applications in media and communication research. Each section is concluded by a commentary chapter by one of the leading authorities in the field. These commentaries discuss and integrate the contributions in the section and provide an expert view on the most significant present and future developments in the respective areas. The book is a reference volume including a large body of new empirical work but also principal theoretical viewpoints of leading research groups in the field.

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements
  • Author : John D. Enderle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :151
  • ISBN : 1608452328
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Summary : There are five different types of eye movements: saccades, smooth pursuit, vestibular ocular eye movements, optokinetic eye movements, and vergence eye movements. The purpose of this book is focused primarily on mathematical models of the horizontal saccadic eye movement system and the smooth pursuit system, rather than on how visual information is processed. A saccade is a fast eye movement used to acquire a target by placing the image of the target on the fovea. Smooth pursuit is a slow eye movement used to track a target as it moves by keeping the target on the fovea. The vestibular ocular movement is used to keep the eyes on a target during brief head movements. The optokinetic eye movement is a combination of saccadic and slow eye movements that keeps a full-field image stable on the retina during sustained head rotation. Each of these movements is a conjugate eye movement, that is, movements of both eyes together driven by a common neural source. A vergence movement is a non-conjugate eye movement allowing the eyes to track targets as they come closer or farther away. In this book, early models of saccades and smooth pursuit are presented. The smooth pursuit system allows tracking of a slow moving target to maintain its position on the fovea. Models of the smooth pursuit have been developed using systems control theory, all involving a negative feedback control system that includes a time delay, controller and plant in the forward loop, with unity feedback. The oculomotor plant and saccade generator are the basic elements of the saccadic system. The oculomotor plant consists of three muscle pairs and the eyeball. A number of oculomotor plant models are described here beginning with the Westheimer model published in 1954, and up through our 1995 model involving a 4th order oculomotor plant model. The work presented here is not an exhaustive coverage of the field, but focused on the interests of the author. In Part II, a state-of-art model of the saccade system is presented, including a neural network that controls the system. Table of Contents: Introduction / Smooth Pursuit Models / Early Models of the Horizontal Saccadic Eye Movement System / Velocity and Acceleration Estimation / 1995 Linear Homeomorphic Saccadic Eye Movement Model

The Role of Eye Movements in Perceptual Processes

The Role of Eye Movements in Perceptual Processes
  • Author : E. Chekaluk,K.R. Llewellyn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-07-06
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9780080867427
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Summary : It has become a truism that the frozen optical diagram representation of vision is the worst possible picture of the way in which we visually interact with the environment. Even apart from our reaction to moving targets by pursuit movements, our visual behaviour can be said to be characterised by eye movements. We sample from our environment in a series of relatively brief fixations which move from one point to another in a series of extremely rapid jerks known as saccades. Many questions arising from this characteristic of vision are explored within this volume, including the question of how our visual world maintains its perceptual stability despite the drastic changes in input associated with these eye movements.

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements

Models of Horizontal Eye Movements
  • Author : John Denis Enderle,Wei Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :147
  • ISBN : 1608454460
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Summary : There are five different types of eye movements: saccades, smooth pursuit, vestibular ocular eye movements, optokinetic eye movements, and vergence eye movements. The purpose of this book is focused primarily on mathematical models of the horizontal saccadic eye movement system and the smooth pursuit system, rather than on how visual information is processed. A saccade is a fast eye movement used to acquire a target by placing the image of the target on the fovea. Smooth pursuit is a slow eye movement used to track a target as it moves by keeping the target on the fovea. The vestibular ocular movement is used to keep the eyes on a target during brief head movements. The optokinetic eye movement is a combination of saccadic and slow eye movements that keeps a full-field image stable on the retina during sustained head rotation. Each of these movements is a conjugate eye movement, that is, movements of both eyes together driven by a common neural source. A vergence movement is a non-conjugate eye movement allowing the eyes to track targets as they come closer or farther away. In this book, a 2009 version of a state-of-the-art model is presented for horizontal saccades that is 3rd-order and linear, and controlled by a physiologically based time-optimal neural network. The oculomotor plant and saccade generator are the basic elements of the saccadic system. The control of saccades is initiated by the superior colliculus and terminated by the cerebellar fastigial nucleus, and involves a complex neural circuit in the mid brain. This book is the second part of a book series on models of horizontal eye movements. Table of Contents: 2009 Linear Homeomorphic Saccadic Eye Movement Model and Post-Saccade Behavior: Dynamic and Glissadic Overshoot / Neural Network for the Saccade Controller

Eye Movements

Eye Movements
  • Author : B. Brooks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 1468424246
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Summary : The nature, control, and disorders of eye movements are topics which draw together scientists from many diverse fields. On October 29-30, 1976, a Symposium on Eye Movements was held at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio. The Symposium constituted the Southern Sectional Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology. The Program Coordinators, Drs. Frank Bajandas and Barbara Brooks invited an outstanding group of participants to give presentations on a variety of aspects of this subject. This volume contains all of the invited presentations delivered at that meeting. It does not include the excellent free papers, nor the enthusiastic and fruitful discussions that the participants and the audience enjoyed as well. The editorial work for this book was performed by Dr. Brooks and Dr. Bajandas with great care and efficiency. They have made special efforts together with the Publisher, Plenum Press, to bring this information to you in the shortest possible time, so as to retain the currency of its contents. This effort would not have been even considered without the tireless and always dependable assistance of Mrs. Catherine Arocha and Mrs. Louise Whelan. We are also indebted to the ~exas State Commission for the Blind for its help in defraying the expenses ever attendant at significant symposia. George W. Weinstein, M.D.