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Fatigue of Textile Composites

Fatigue of Textile Composites
  • Author : Valter Carvelli,Stepan V Lomov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-16
  • Total pages :510
  • ISBN : 9781782422938
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Summary : Fatigue of Textile Composites provides a current, state-of-art review on recent investigations on the fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles. As this particular group of composite materials is extremely important for a wide variety of industrial applications, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, etc., mainly due to their peculiarities and advantages with respect to unidirectional laminated composites, the text presents comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications, their excellent drapability and versatility, which is highly important for complex double-curvature shape components and three-dimensional woven fabrics without plane reinforcement, and their main mechanical characteristics which are currently in high demand from industry. Presents the current state-of-the-art investigations on fatigue behavior of composite materials, mainly those reinforced with textiles Contains invaluable information pertaining to a wide variety of industries, including automotive, aeronautical, and marine, amongst others Provides comprehensive information on the huge variety of interlacement geometric architectures that are suitable for a broad range of different applications

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites

Fatigue of Textile and Short Fiber Reinforced Composites
  • Author : Valter Carvelli,Atul Jain,Stepan Lomov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9781786300218
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Summary : This book covers several aspects of the fatigue behavior of textile and short fiber reinforced composites. The first part is dedicated to 2D and 3D reinforced textile composites and includes a systematic description of the damage evolution for quasi-static and tensile-tensile fatigue loadings. Acoustic emissions and digital image correlation are considered in order to detect the damage modes’ initiation and development. The acoustic emission thresholds of the quasi-static loading are connected to the “fatigue limit” of the materials with distinctions for glass and carbon reinforcements. The second part is devoted to the fatigue behavior of injection molded short fiber reinforced composites. Experimental evidence highlights the dependence of their fatigue response on various factors: fiber and matrix materials, fiber distribution, environmental and loading conditions are described. A hybrid (experimental/simulations) multi-scale method is presented, which drastically reduces the amount of experimental data necessary for reliable fatigue life predictions.

Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres

Fatigue Failure of Textile Fibres
  • Author : M Miraftab
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-21
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781845695729
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Summary : Fibres are used both for traditional textile applications as well as in advanced technical structures. Understanding the fatigue processes in these fibres can suggest ways of eliminating or reducing the probability of unforeseen failures. This book addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres. Part one explains the different types of fatigue failure in textiles such as tensile, torsional and flex fatigue. It describes the mechanisms of each type of fatigue and illustrates the kinds of fatigue failure that can occur. Part two moves on to explain the factors that can affect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour. It underlines the relationship that fatigue has with the environment and looks at testing and modelling fatigue in such areas as polymer matrices. Chapters relate actual fibre fatigue failures to those of laboratory tests and the way they influence mathematical modelling to predict potential failure. With an international range of contributors Fatigue failure of textile fibres is key reading for textile engineers, academics, textile technologists, fibre scientists and all those concerned with the topic of fatigue failure in textiles and textile-based assemblies. Addresses key aspects of fatigue failure in textile fibres including tensile, flex and torsional fatigue Examines factors that can effect fatigue life and fatigue behaviour including textile processing and environmental factors

Fatigue in Composites

Fatigue in Composites
  • Author : Bryan Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-11-14
  • Total pages :742
  • ISBN : 185573608X
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Summary : Fiber composites, like metals, exhibit a form of degradation in service described as fatigue. Engineers must understand composite fatigue because it is a causative agent of design and structural failures. Engineers need to increase their knowledge of the mechanisms which result in degradation in order to predict the life of a composite under specified conditions and produce composites with greater durability. This book provides an extensive account of contemporary research on fatigue from a selection of internationally recognized researchers. Part one introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. The second part reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination, and damage accumulation. The next two sections cover the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior and detail physical, micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final parts offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers in aerospace, marine, and structural engineering.

Progressive Failure and Life Prediction of Ceramic and Textile Composites

Progressive Failure and Life Prediction of Ceramic and Textile Composites
  • Author : National Aeronautics and Space Adm Nasa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-18
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 1731394128
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Summary : An engineering approach to predict the fatigue life and progressive failure of multilayered composite and textile laminates is presented. Analytical models which account for matrix cracking, statistical fiber failures and nonlinear stress-strain behavior have been developed for both composites and textiles. The analysis method is based on a combined micromechanics, fracture mechanics and failure statistics analysis. Experimentally derived empirical coefficients are used to account for the interface of fiber and matrix, fiber strength, and fiber-matrix stiffness reductions. Similar approaches were applied to textiles using Repeating Unit Cells. In composite fatigue analysis, Walker's equation is applied for matrix fatigue cracking and Heywood's formulation is used for fiber strength fatigue degradation. The analysis has been compared with experiment with good agreement. Comparisons were made with Graphite-Epoxy, C/SiC and Nicalon/CAS composite materials. For textile materials, comparisons were made with triaxial braided and plain weave materials under biaxial or uniaxial tension. Fatigue predictions were compared with test data obtained from plain weave C/SiC materials tested at AS&M. Computer codes were developed to perform the analysis. Composite Progressive Failure Analysis for Laminates is contained in the code CPFail. Micromechanics Analysis for Textile Composites is contained in the code MicroTex. Both codes were adapted to run as subroutines for the finite element code ABAQUS and CPFail-ABAQUS and MicroTex-ABAQUS. Graphic user interface (GUI) was developed to connect CPFail and MicroTex with ABAQUS. Xue, David Y. and Shi, Yucheng and Katikala, Madhu and Johnston, William M., Jr. and Card, Michael F. Marshall Space Flight Center CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITES; TEXTILES; FATIGUE LIFE; FAILURE ANALYSIS; LAMINATES; MICROMECHANICS; FRACTURE MECHANICS; COMPUTER PROGRAMS; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE...

Failure Models for Textile Composites

Failure Models for Textile Composites
  • Author : Brian Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000517337
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Summary : The goals of this investigation were to: identify mechanisms of failure and determine how the architecture of reinforcing fibers in 3D woven composites controlled stiffness, strength, strain to failure, work of fracture, notch sensitivity, and fatigue life and to model composite stiffness, strength, and fatigue life. A total of 11 different angle and orthogonal interlock woven composites were examined. Composite properties depended on the weave architecture, the tow size, and the spatial distributions and strength of geometrical flaws. Simple models were developed for elastic properties, strength, and fatigue life. A more complicated stochastic model, called the 'Binary Model, ' was developed for damage tolerance and ultimate failure. These 3D woven composites possessed an extraordinary combination of strength, damage tolerance, and notch insensitivity.

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials

Damage and Failure of Composite Materials
  • Author : Ramesh Talreja,Chandra Veer Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-07
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780521819428
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Summary : Understanding damage and failure of composite materials is critical for reliable and cost-effective engineering design. Bringing together materials mechanics and modeling, this book provides a complete guide to damage, fatigue and failure of composite materials. Early chapters focus on the underlying principles governing composite damage, reviewing basic equations and mechanics theory, before describing mechanisms of damage such as cracking, breakage and buckling. In subsequent chapters, the physical mechanisms underlying the formation and progression of damage under mechanical loads are described with ample experimental data, and micro- and macro-level damage models are combined. Finally, fatigue of composite materials is discussed using fatigue-life diagrams. While there is a special emphasis on polymer matrix composites, metal and ceramic matrix composites are also described. Outlining methods for more reliable design of composite structures, this is a valuable resource for engineers and materials scientists in industry and academia.

Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials

Modeling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials
  • Author : Ramesh Talreja,Janis Varna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-20
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781782422983
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Summary : Modelling Damage, Fatigue and Failure of Composite Materials provides the latest research on the field of composite materials, an area that has attracted a wealth of research, with significant interest in the areas of damage, fatigue, and failure. The book is a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials, and focuses on materials modeling, while also reviewing treatments to give the reader thorough direction for analyzing failure in composite structures. Part one of the book reviews the damage development in composite materials such as generic damage and damage accumulation in textile composites and under multiaxial loading, while part two focuses on the modeling of failure mechanisms in composite materials with attention given to fibre/matrix cracking and debonding, compression failure, and delamination fracture. Final sections examine the modeling of damage and materials response in composite materials, including micro-level and multi-scale approaches, the failure analysis of composite materials and joints, and the applications of predictive failure models. Examines current research in modeling damage, fatigue, and failure of composite materials Provides a comprehensive source of physics-based models for the analysis of progressive and critical failure phenomena in composite materials Assesses the failure and life prediction in composite materials Discusses the applications of predictive failure models such as computational approaches to failure analysis

Woven Composites

Woven Composites
  • Author : Aliabadi M H Ferri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-09
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781783266197
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Summary : This unique volume presents the latest developments in the field of advanced woven and braided textile composites, with particular emphasis on computational approaches (finite elements, meshfree). Advanced textile composites such as woven, braided, knitted and stitched fabrics are increasingly being used as structural materials in industrial applications due to their efficiency at reinforcing more directions within a single layer and their ability to conform to surfaces with complex curvatures. Furthermore, textile composites provide improved impact resistance, exceptional thermal, fatigue and corrosion resistance, as well as being easier and cheaper to handle and fabricate compared to UD composites.Topics covered in this book include: 2D and 3D plain, twill, satin woven and braided composites, micro-level and macro-level modelling, failure mechanisms, theoretical studies on cryogenic crack behaviour and the specific deformation modes of textile reinforcements, which include the kinematic and hypoelastic models.This book will be particularly relevant to professional engineers, graduate students and researchers interested in composite materials.

Non-Crimp Fabric Composites

Non-Crimp Fabric Composites
  • Author : Stepan V Lomov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-19
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780857092533
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Summary : Non-crimp fabric (NCF) composites are reinforced with mats of straight (non-crimped) fibres, giving them such advantages as strength, ease of handling and low manufacturing costs. Non-crimp fabric composites provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering. Part one covers the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis. Part two goes on to discuss the manufacture of non-crimp fabric composites, with chapters covering such topics as deformability and permeability of NCF. Part three focuses on the properties of NCF composites, with chapters on stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue. Finally, part four covers the applications of NCF composites, including chapters on the aerospace and automotive industries as well as wind turbines and helicopter applications. The book concludes with a discussion of cost analysis of NCF composites in engineering applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Non-crimp fabric composites is an essential reference for composite manufacturers and structural and mechanical engineers in industries using NCF composites, as well as academics with a research interest in the field. Provides a comprehensive review of the use of NCF composites, their manufacture and applications in engineering Reviews the manufacture of non-crimp fabrics, including also topics such as structural stitching and automated defect analysis Examines the properties of NCF composites considering stiffness and strength, damage progression and fatigue

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
  • Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-14
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9780081023006
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Summary : Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites covers key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Topics of interest include mechanical properties, such as tensile, flexural, compression, shear, impact, fracture toughness, low and high velocity impact, and anti-ballistic properties of natural fiber, synthetic fibers and hybrid composites materials. It also covers physical properties, such as density, water absorption, thickness swelling, and void content of composite materials fabricated from natural or synthetic materials. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites 5

High Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites 5
  • Author : Mritunjay Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822030929103
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Summary :

Micromechanics of Fatigue in Woven and Stitched Composites

Micromechanics of Fatigue in Woven and Stitched Composites
  • Author : B. N. Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :84
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000516800
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Summary :

Fatigue and Fracture at Elevated Temperatures

Fatigue and Fracture at Elevated Temperatures
  • Author : Arvind Nagar,S. Mall
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : UOM:39015034548282
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Summary :

Textile Reinforced Cement Composites

Textile Reinforced Cement Composites
  • Author : Jan Wastiels,Tine Tysmans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-05
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9783039283309
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Summary : This Special Issue presents the latest advances in the field of Textile-Reinforced Cement Composites, including Textile-Reinforced Concrete (TRC), Textile-Reinforced Mortar (TRM), Fabric-Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM), etc. These composite materials distinguish themselves from other fibre-reinforced concrete materials by their strain-hardening behaviour under tensile loading. This Special Issue is composed of 14 papers covering new insights in structural and material engineering. The papers include investigations on the level of the fibre reinforcement system as well as on the level of the composites, investigating their impact and fatigue behaviour, durability and fire behaviour. Both the strengthening of existing structures and the development of new structural systems such as lightweight sandwich systems are presented, and analysis and design methods are discussed. This Special Issue demonstrates the broadness and intensity of the ongoing advancements in the field of Textile-Reinforced Cement composites and the importance of several future research directions.

Handbook of Analytical Methods for Textile Composites

Handbook of Analytical Methods for Textile Composites
  • Author : Brian N. Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000517790
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Summary :

Revolutionary Materials: Technology and Economics

Revolutionary Materials: Technology and Economics
  • Author : Pamela J. Adams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :1029
  • ISBN : 0938994891
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Summary :

Textiles for Advanced Applications

Textiles for Advanced Applications
  • Author : Bipin Kumar,Suman Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-20
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9789535135005
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Summary : This book presents a global view of the development and applications of technical textiles with the description of materials, structures, properties, characterizations, functions and relevant production technologies, case studies, challenges, and opportunities. Technical textile is a transformative research area, dealing with the creation and studies of new generations of textiles that hoist many new scientific and technological challenges that have never been encountered before. The book emphasizes more on the principles of textile science and technology to provide solutions to several engineering problems. All chapter topics are exclusive and selectively chosen and designed, and they are extensively explored by different authors having specific knowledge in each area.

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Fatigue and fracture

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Composite Materials: Fatigue and fracture
  • Author : Anoush Poursartip,Ken Street
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 185573222X
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Summary : Volume 1: Fatigue and Fracture

Isothermal Fatigue, Damage Accumulation, and Life Prediction of a Woven PMC

Isothermal Fatigue, Damage Accumulation, and Life Prediction of a Woven PMC
  • Author : Andrew L. Gyekenyesi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000706773
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Summary :

Third NASA Advanced Composites Technology Conference, Volume 1, Part 1

Third NASA Advanced Composites Technology Conference, Volume 1, Part 1
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : NASA:31769000470271
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Summary :