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Fluidized Bed Technologies for Near-Zero Emission Combustion and Gasification

Fluidized Bed Technologies for Near-Zero Emission Combustion and Gasification
  • Author : Fabrizio Scala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-30
  • Total pages :1088
  • ISBN : 9780857098801
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Summary : Fluidized bed (FB) combustion and gasification are advanced techniques for fuel flexible, high efficiency and low emission conversion. Fuels are combusted or gasified as a fluidized bed suspended by jets with sorbents that remove harmful emissions such as SOx. CO2 capture can also be incorporated. Fluidized bed technologies for near-zero emission combustion and gasification provides an overview of established FB technologies while also detailing recent developments in the field. Part one, an introductory section, reviews fluidization science and FB technologies and includes chapters on particle characterization and behaviour, properties of stationary and circulating fluidized beds, heat and mass transfer and attrition in FB combustion and gasification systems. Part two expands on this introduction to explore the fundamentals of FB combustion and gasification including the conversion of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, pollutant emission and reactor design and scale up. Part three highlights recent advances in a variety of FB combustion and gasification technologies before part four moves on to focus on emerging CO2 capture technologies. Finally, part five explores other applications of FB technology including (FB) petroleum refining and chemical production. Fluidized bed technologies for near-zero emission combustion and gasification is a technical resource for power plant operators, industrial engineers working with fluidized bed combustion and gasification systems and researchers, scientists and academics in the field. Examines the fundamentals of fluidized bed (FB) technologies, including the conversion of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels Explores recent advances in a variety of technologies such as pressurized FB combustion, and the measurement, monitoring and control of FB combustion and gasification Discusses emerging technologies and examines applications of FB in other processes

Combustion and Gasification in Fluidized Beds

Combustion and Gasification in Fluidized Beds
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-17
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781420005158
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Summary : Besides being one of the best Clean Coal Technologies, fluidized beds are also proving to be the most practical option for biomass conversion. Although the technology is well established, the field lacks a comprehensive guide to the design and operating principles of fluidized bed boilers and gasifiers. With more than 30 years of research and industrial experience, Prabir Basu answers this pressing need with Combustion and Gasification in Fluidized Beds. This book is a versatile resource that explains how fluidized bed equipment works and how to use the basic principles of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics in design while providing insight into planning new projects, troubleshooting existing equipment, and appreciating the capabilities and limitations of the process. From hydrodynamics to construction and maintenance, the author covers all of the essential information needed to understand, design, operate, and maintain a complete fluidized bed system. It is a must for clean coal technology as well as for biomass power generation. Beginning with a general introduction to fossil or biofuel conversion choices, the book surveys hydrodynamics, fundamentals of gasification, combustion of solid fuels, pollution aspects including climate change mitigation, heat transfer in fluidized beds, the design and operation of bubbling and circulating fluidized bed boilers, and various supporting components such as distributor grates, feeding systems, and gas-solid separators.

Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation

Combined Cycle Systems for Near-Zero Emission Power Generation
  • Author : Ashok D Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780857096180
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Summary : Combined cycle power plants are one of the most promising ways of improving fossil-fuel and biomass energy production. The combination of a gas and steam turbine working in tandem to produce power makes this type of plant highly efficient and allows for CO2 capture and sequestration before combustion. This book provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants. After introductory chapters on basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design, the book reviews the main types of combined cycle system. Chapters discuss the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) as well as novel humid air cycle, oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems. The book also reviews pressurised fluidized bed combustion (PFBC), externally fired combined cycle (EFCC), hybrid fuel cell turbine (FC/GT), combined cycle and integrated solar combined cycle (ISCC) systems. The final chapter reviews techno-economic analysis of combined cycle systems. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Combined cycle systems for near-zero emission power generation is a standard reference for both industry practitioners and academic researchers seeking to improve the efficiency and environmental impact of power plants. Provides a comprehensive review of the design, engineering and operational issues of a range of advanced combined cycle plants Introduces basic combined cycle power plant and advanced gas turbine design and reviews the main types of combined cycle systems Discusses the technology, efficiency and emissions performance of natural gas-fired combined cycle (NGCC) systems and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems, as well as novel humid air cycle systems and oxy-combustion turbine cycle systems

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion

Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion
  • Author : Guangxi Yue,Hai Zhang,Changsui Zhao,Zhongyang Luo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-28
  • Total pages :1182
  • ISBN : 3642026826
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Summary : The proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) collect 9 plenary lectures and 175 peer-reviewed technical papers presented in the conference held in Xi'an China in May 18-21,2009. The conference was the 20th conference in a series, covering the latest fundamental research results, as well as the application experience from pilot plants, demonstrations and industrial units regarding to the FBC science and technology. It was co-hosted by Tsinghua University, Southeast University, Zhejiang University, China Electricity Council and Chinese Machinery Industry Federation. A particular feature of the proceedings is the balance between the papers submitted by experts from industry and the papers submitted by academic researchers, aiming to bring academic knowledge to application as well as to define new areas for research. The authors of the proceedings are the most active researchers, technology developers, experienced and representative facility operators and manufacturers. They presented the latest research results, state-of-the-art development and projects, and the useful experience. The proceedings are divided into following sections: • CFB Boiler Technology, Operation and Design • Fundamental Research on Fluidization and Fluidized Combustion • C02 Capture and Chemical Looping • Gasification • Modeling and Simulation on FBC Technology • Environments and Pollutant Control • Sustainable Fuels The proceedings can be served as idea references for researchers, engineers, academia and graduate students, plant operators, boiler manufacturers, component suppliers, and technical managers who work on FBC fundamental research, technology development and industrial application.

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock
  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781789232882
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Summary : Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion

Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion
  • Author : M. Alvarez Cuenca,E.J. Anthony
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :603
  • ISBN : 9789401106177
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Summary : Pressurized fluidized bed combustion (PFBC) is one of the newest of the coal-based generation technologies available commercially. This authoritative volume contains an excellent balance of the theoretical and practical aspects of PFBC technology, including economics, the fundamental theory of plant design and sorbent characterization, using the results obtained from a wide range of pilot-scale and full-scale demonstration units

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-07
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9783319061733
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Summary : · Explains operation and scientific fundamentals of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers · Outlines practical issues in industrial use · Teaches how to optimize design for maximum reliability and efficiency · Discusses operating and maintenance issues and how to troubleshoot them This book provides practicing engineers and students with insight into the design and operation of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers through a combination of theoretical concepts and practical experience. An emphasis on combustion, hydrodynamics, heat transfer, and material issues illustrates these concepts with numerous examples from actual operating plants. The relevance of design and feed-stock parameters to the operation of a CFB boiler are also examined, along with their impacts on designs of mechanical components, including cyclones, air distributor grids, and solid recycle systems. This versatile resource explains how fluidized bed equipment works and how the basic principles of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics influence design, while providing insight into planning new projects, troubleshooting existing equipment, and appreciating the capabilities and limitations of the process. From hydrodynamics to construction and maintenance, the author covers all of the essential information needed to understand, design, operate, and maintain a complete fluidized bed system. It is a must for clean coal technology as well as for biomass power generation.

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-19
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9780521866439
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Summary : IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Fluidization Engineering

Fluidization Engineering
  • Author : D. Kunii,Octave Levenspiel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :491
  • ISBN : 9780080506647
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Summary : Fluidization Engineering, Second Edition, expands on its original scope to encompass these new areas and introduces reactor models specifically for these contacting regimes. Completely revised and updated, it is essentially a new book. Its aim is to distill from the thousands of studies those particular developments that are pertinent for the engineer concerned with predictive methods, for the designer, and for the user and potential user of fluidized beds. Covers the recent advances in the field of fluidization. Presents the studies of developments necessary to the engineers, designers, and users of fluidized beds.

Clean Coal Engineering Technology

Clean Coal Engineering Technology
  • Author : Bruce G. Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-15
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 0080961169
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Summary : Concern over the effects of airborne pollution, green house gases, and the impact of global warming has become a worldwide issue that transcends international boundaries, politics, and social responsibility. The 2nd Edition of Coal Energy Systems: Clean Coal Technology describes a new generation of energy processes that sharply reduce air emissions and other pollutants from coal-burning power plants. Coal is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels. When burned, it produces emissions that contribute to global warming, create acid rain, and pollute water. With all of the interest and research surrounding nuclear energy, hydropower, and biofuels, many think that coal is finally on its way out. However, coal generates half of the electricity in the United States and throughout the world today. It will likely continue to do so as long as it's cheap and plentiful [Source: Energy Information Administration]. Coal provides stability in price and availability, will continue to be a major source of electricity generation, will be the major source of hydrogen for the coming hydrogen economy, and has the potential to become an important source of liquid fuels. Conservation and renewable/sustainable energy are important in the overall energy picture, but will play a lesser role in helping us satisfy our energy demands today. Dramatically updated to meet the needs of an ever changing energy market, Coal Energy Systems, 2nd Edition is a single source covering policy and the engineering involved in implementing that policy. The book addresses many coal-related subjects of interest ranging from the chemistry of coal and the future engineering anatomy of a coal fired plant to the cutting edge clean coal technologies being researched and utilized today. A 50% update over the first edition, this new book contains new chapters on processes such as CO2 capture and sequestration, Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems, Pulverized-Coal Power Plants and Carbon Emission Trading. Existing materials on worldwide coal distribution and quantities, technical and policy issues regarding the use of coal, technologies used and under development for utilizing coal to produce heat, electricity, and chemicals with low environmental impact, vision for utilizing coal well into the 21st century, and the security coal presents. Clean Liquids and Gaseous Fuels from Coal for Electric Power Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems Pulverized-Coal Power Plants Advanced Coal-Based Power Plants Fluidized-Bed Combustion Technology CO2 capture and sequestration

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy

Technologies for Converting Biomass to Useful Energy
  • Author : Erik Dahlquist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-16
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9780203120262
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Summary : Officially, the use of biomass for energy meets only 10-13% of the total global energy demand of 140 000 TWh per year. Still, thirty years ago the official figure was zero, as only traded biomass was included. While the actual production of biomass is in the range of 270 000 TWh per year, most of this is not used for energy purposes, and mostly it

Countdown to Kyoto, Parts I-III

Countdown to Kyoto, Parts I-III
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000032145410
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Summary :

Non-Newtonian Flow

Non-Newtonian Flow
  • Author : R. P. Chhabra,J.F. Richardson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-08-19
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9780080512839
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Summary : Non-Newtonian materials are encountered in virtually all of the chemical and process industries and a full understanding of their nature and flow characteristics is an essential requirement for engineers and scientists involved in their formulation and handling. This book will bridge the gap between much of the highly theoretical and mathematically complex work of the rheologist and the practical needs of those who have to design and operate plants in which these materials are handled and processed. At the same time, numerous references are included for the benefit of those who need to delve more deeply into the subject. The starting point for any work on non-newtonian fluids is their characterisation over the range of conditions to which they are likely to be subjected during manufacture or utilisation, and this topic is treated early on in the book in a chapter commissioned from an expert in the field of rheological measurements. Coverage of topics is extensive and this book offers a unique and rich selection of material including the flow of single phase and multiphase mixtures in pipes, in packed and fluidised bed systems, heat and mass transfer in boundary layers and in simple duct flows, and mixing etc. An important and novel feature of the book is the inclusion of a wide selection of worked examples to illustrate the methods of calculation. It also incorporates a large selection of problems for the reader to tackle himself.

Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,V. S. Moholkar,Bhaskar Thallada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :521
  • ISBN : 9789811073359
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Summary : This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers

Circulating Fluidized Bed Boilers
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-07
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9783319061733
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Summary : · Explains operation and scientific fundamentals of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers · Outlines practical issues in industrial use · Teaches how to optimize design for maximum reliability and efficiency · Discusses operating and maintenance issues and how to troubleshoot them This book provides practicing engineers and students with insight into the design and operation of circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers through a combination of theoretical concepts and practical experience. An emphasis on combustion, hydrodynamics, heat transfer, and material issues illustrates these concepts with numerous examples from actual operating plants. The relevance of design and feed-stock parameters to the operation of a CFB boiler are also examined, along with their impacts on designs of mechanical components, including cyclones, air distributor grids, and solid recycle systems. This versatile resource explains how fluidized bed equipment works and how the basic principles of thermodynamics and fluid mechanics influence design, while providing insight into planning new projects, troubleshooting existing equipment, and appreciating the capabilities and limitations of the process. From hydrodynamics to construction and maintenance, the author covers all of the essential information needed to understand, design, operate, and maintain a complete fluidized bed system. It is a must for clean coal technology as well as for biomass power generation.

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste
  • Author : Massimiliano Materazzi,Pier Ugo Foscolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-01
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9780128156445
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Summary : Substitute Natural Gas from Waste: Technical Assessment and Industrial Applications of Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes provides an overview of the science and technology of anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification for the treatment of biomass and unrecyclable waste residues. The book provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the clean and high-efficiency utilization of waste and biomass to produce Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (SNG). It examines different routes to produce bio-SNG from waste feedstocks, detailing solutions to unique problems, such as scale up issues and process integration. Final sections review waste sourcing and processing. This book is an ideal and practical reference for those developing, designing, scaling and managing bio-SNG production and utilization systems. Engineering students will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the application of fundamental concepts of bio-SNG production that are illustrated through innovative, recent case studies. Presents detailed scientific and technical information Describes up-to-date concepts, processes and plants for efficient anaerobic digestion and gasification of wastes and syngas utilization Compares gasification with anaerobic digestion for different situations Proposes alternative strategies to increase efficiency and overcome energy balance limitations Includes benchmarking data and industrial real-life examples to demonstrate the main process features and implementation pathways of bio-SNG systems from dry and wet waste, both in developed and developing countries

Plasma Fluidized Bed

Plasma Fluidized Bed
  • Author : Changming Du,Rongliang Qiu,Jujun Ruan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-09
  • Total pages :143
  • ISBN : 9789811058196
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Summary : This book provides a detailed overview of the plasma fluidized bed. It is an innovative tool and generally combines plasma process with another efficient reactor, fluidized bed, providing an excellent method for particulate processes over conventional technology. The development and designs of typical types of plasma fluidized beds, mainly thermal plasma fluidized beds and non-thermal plasma fluidized beds are discussed. The influencing factors on the performance of plasma fluidized beds are analyzed in detail. The mechanism, i.e. the discharge characteristics, hydrodynamics, heat transfer and mass transfer are analyzed to offer a further insight of plasma fluidized beds. Applications of plasma fluidized beds for different areas, including metallurgy extraction, green energy process, environmental protection and advanced materials are presented. The book is a valuable reference for scientists, engineers and graduate students in chemical engineering and relative fields.

Clean Coal Technologies

Clean Coal Technologies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :24
  • ISBN : UCR:31210024770974
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Summary :

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2002

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2002
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Department of the Interior and Related Agencies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : LOC:00076622796
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Summary :

Fluid Bed Technology in Materials Processing

Fluid Bed Technology in Materials Processing
  • Author : C. K. Gupta,D. Sathiyamoorthy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-28
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 1420049860
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Summary : Fluid Bed Technology in Materials Processing comprehensively covers the various aspects of fluidization engineering and presents an elaborate examination of the applications in a multitude of materials processing techniques. This singular resource discusses: All the basic aspects of fluidization essential to understand and learn about various techniques The range of industrial applications Several examples in extraction and process metallurgy Fluidization in nuclear engineering and nuclear fuel cycle with numerous examples Innovative techniques and several advanced concepts of fluidization engineering, including use and applications in materials processing as well as environmental and bio-engineering Pros and cons of various fluidization equipment and specialty of their applications, including several examples Design aspects and modeling Topics related to distributors effects and flow regimes A separate chapter outlines the importance of fluidization engineering in high temperature processing, including an analysis of the fundamental concepts and applications of high temperature fluidized bed furnaces for several advanced materials processing techniques. Presenting information usually not available in a single source, Fluid Bed Technology in Materials Processing serves Fluidization engineers Practicing engineers in process metallurgy, mineral engineering, and chemical metallurgy Researchers in the field of chemical, metallurgical, nuclear, biological, environmental engineering Energy engineering professionals High temperature scientists and engineers Students and professionals who adopt modeling of fluidization in their venture for design and scale up

Coal

Coal
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Coal Research, Technology, and Resource Assessments to Inform Energy Policy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-21
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 0309134137
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Summary : Coal will continue to provide a major portion of energy requirements in the United States for at least the next several decades. It is imperative that accurate information describing the amount, location, and quality of the coal resources and reserves be available to fulfill energy needs. It is also important that the United States extract its coal resources efficiently, safely, and in an environmentally responsible manner. A renewed focus on federal support for coal-related research, coordinated across agencies and with the active participation of the states and industrial sector, is a critical element for each of these requirements. Coal focuses on the research and development needs and priorities in the areas of coal resource and reserve assessments, coal mining and processing, transportation of coal and coal products, and coal utilization.