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Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides

Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides
  • Author : Kunal Pal,Indranil Banerjee,Preetam Sarkar,Dr. Arindam Bit,Doman Kim,Arfat Anis,Samarendra Maji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-03
  • Total pages :756
  • ISBN : 9780128193136
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Summary : Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides provides a detailed resource for those interested in the design and preparation of polysaccharides for state-of-the-art applications. The book begins with an introductory section covering sources, chemistry, architectures, bioactivity, and chemical modifications of polysaccharides. Subsequent parts of the book are organized by field, with chapters focusing on specific applications across food, medicine, and the environment. This is an extremely valuable book for researchers, scientists, and advanced students in biopolymers, polymer science, polymer chemistry, biomaterials, materials science, biotechnology, biomedical engineering, cosmetics, medicine, food science, and environmental science. This important class of biopolymer can offer attractive properties and modification potential, enabling its use in groundbreaking areas across food, medical, and environmental fields. The book will be of interest to scientists, R&D professionals, designers, and engineers who utilize polysaccharide-based materials. Presents comprehensive information of the polymeric structures and properties that can be developed from polysaccharides Offers systematic coverage of classification, synthesis, and characterization, enabling targeted design and preparation of polysaccharides for specific applications Explores advanced methods, for novel applications across food, medicine, and the environment

Industrial, medical and environmental applications of microorganisms

Industrial, medical and environmental applications of microorganisms
  • Author : Antonio Méndez-Vilas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-22
  • Total pages :698
  • ISBN : 9789086862436
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Summary : 'Industrial, medical and environmental applications of microorganisms' offers an excellent opportunity to learn about new insights, methods, techniques and advances in applied microbiology. It is useful not only for those traditionally involved in this research area but for everyone that needs to keep up with this diverse discipline.The articles are written by researchers from around the world and focus on seven themes: - Environmental microbiology -Agriculture, soil and forest microbiology -Food microbiology -Industrial microbiology - Medical microbiology -Biotechnologically relevant enzymes and proteins - Methods and techniques - education This book contains a compilation of papers presented at the V International Conference on Environmental Industrial and Applied Microbiology (BioMicroWorld2013), held in Madrid, Spain, in October 2013.

Marine Polysaccharides

Marine Polysaccharides
  • Author : Vazhiyil Venugopal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 1439815275
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Summary : Increased public awareness of the importance of healthy living presents new challenges for the commercial food processing sector. The industry is always on the hunt for novel and safe additives with functional properties that can be used to impart healthy and appealing properties to foods. While the ocean is known as a conventional source of fish proteins and lipids, it is yet to be tapped as a source of polysaccharides. A clear exposition on how these resources can be developed, Marine Polysaccharides: Food Applications compiles recent data on the food applications of marine polysaccharides from such diverse sources as fishery products, seaweeds, microalgae, microorganisms, and corals. The book begins with discussions on the isolation of polysaccharides from marine sources and their properties, particularly those important from a food technology point of view. It then focuses on the actual food applications of these compounds and concludes with a brief examination of biomedical applications. The author presents an overview of the general functional properties of polysaccharides, including their structure; their hydration, gelation, emulsification, and rheological properties; and interactions among themselves and with other food components such as proteins that are relevant to food processing. He then explores the isolation and food-related properties of various marine polysaccharides, use of these polysaccharides in food product and biopackaging, recent developments in composite films and nanotechnology, and safety and regulatory issues. While there are many books available on polysaccharides, few address the applications of marine polysaccharide food product development. Written from a realistic, practical point of view avoiding technical jargon, this book highlights the ocean not as a conventional source of fish protein and lipids, but as a major supplier of versatile carbohydrates that can have diverse food applications.

Solubility of Polysaccharides

Solubility of Polysaccharides
  • Author : Zhenbo Xu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-29
  • Total pages :138
  • ISBN : 9789535136491
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Summary : Sugars, with a scientific term as saccharides, are involved in various aspects in the lives of human beings, including the sense of taste, energy for daily life, etc. Recent development in polysaccharides, as well as the background knowledge in this field, further deepens insight into their roles as healthy supplements. In this book, the principles on polysaccharides' solubility and structure, methodologies and application of polysaccharides have been reviewed. The chapters in this book include the relationship between structure and solubility of polysaccharide, the experimental and computational researches on polysaccharide solubility and the common polysaccharide, which may further aid scholars and researchers in regard to solubility of polysaccharides, methodologies and modification.

Functional Polysaccharides for Biomedical Applications

Functional Polysaccharides for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Sabyasachi Maiti,Sougata Jana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-11
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 9780081025567
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Summary : Functional Polysaccharides for Biomedical Applications examines the fundamentals and properties of these natural materials and their potential biomedical applications. With an emphasis on therapeutic and sensing applications, the book also reviews how polysaccharides can be modified for tissue engineering applications. Sections discuss the basics of polysaccharides, give an overview of the potential applications, look at novel materials and technologies for use in tissue regeneration and therapeutics, and detail current biomedical applications. With a strong focus on materials, engineering and applications, this book is a valuable resource for those with an interest in harnessing the biomedical potential of natural polymers. Describes strategies for developing polysaccharides-based biomedical devices Illustrates concepts and encompasses scope for clinical development Provides advanced and comprehensive information on biomedical constructs

Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications

Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications
  • Author : Alistair M. Stephen,Glyn O. Phillips
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9781420015164
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Summary : Comprehensive in scope, Food Polysaccharides and Their Applications, Second Edition explains the production aspects and the chemical and physical properties of the main classes of polysaccharaides consumed as food, highlighting their nutritional value and their technological characteristics. Chapters in this new edition detail the source, biosynthesis, molecular structures, and physical properties of polysaccharides. They also explore production and uses in food formulations; the effects of cooking and interactions with proteins, lipids, sugars, and metal ions; analytical methods, including identification and quantitative determination; and nutritional and ecological considerations with emphasis on genetic engineering of food crops. The editors carefully balance coverage of fundamental aspects and practical implications for the food industry. What’s New in the Second Edition: Explains the preparation of new starch esters and improved techniques for the production of acid-converted and oxidized starches Details new information on the natural functions of cell wall polysaccharides of seeds in relation to their molecular structures, biosynthesis and enzymatic hydrolysis Presents additional references that include those relating to IR and NMR spectrometric methods of analysis

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications

Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Md Saquib Hasnain,Amit Kumar Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-23
  • Total pages :654
  • ISBN : 9780128170564
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Summary : Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides a fundamental overview of natural polysaccharides, their sources, extraction methodologies, and characterizations. It covers specific natural polysaccharides and their effective application in drug delivery and biomedical use. Additionally, chapters in the book discuss key topics including the sources and extraction methodologies of natural polysaccharides, their role in tissue engineering applications, polysaccharide-based nanoparticles in biomedical applications, and their role in the delivery of anticancer drugs. Written by industry leaders and edited by experts, this book emphasizes recent advances made in the field. Natural Polysaccharides in Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications provides academics, researchers, and pharmaceutical health care professionals with a comprehensive book on polysaccharides in pharmaceutical delivery process. Provides fundamental concepts of natural polysaccharides as it applies to the pharmaceutical, biomedical, and biotechnology industries Includes contributions from global leaders and experts from academia, industry, and regulatory agencies in the application of natural polysaccharides in pharmaceutical products and biomedical utilization Offers practical examples, illustrations, chemical structures, and research case studies to help explain natural polysaccharides concepts in drug delivery and biomedical applications

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides

Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides
  • Author : Emad Shalaby
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-11
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789535128595
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Summary : Marine organisms have been under research for the last decades as a source for different active compounds with various biological activities and application in agriculture, pharmacy, medicine, environment, and industries. Marine polysaccharides from these active compounds are used as antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-inflammation, bioremediations, etc. During the last three decades, several important factors that control the production of phytoplankton polysaccharides have been identified such as chemical concentrations, temperature, light, etc. The current book includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around the world; the chapters are categorized into three sections: Marine Polysaccharides and Agriculture, Marine Polysaccharides and Biological Activities, and Marine Polysaccharides and Industries.

Seaweed Polysaccharides

Seaweed Polysaccharides
  • Author : Jayachandran Venkatesan,Sukumaran Anil,Se-Kwon Kim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-30
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9780128098172
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Summary : Seaweed Polysaccharides: Isolation, Biological, and Biomedical Applications examines the isolation and characterization of algal biopolymers, including a range of new biological and biomedical applications. In recent years, significant developments have been made in algae-based polymers (commonly called polysaccharides), and in biomedical applications such as drug delivery, wound dressings, and tissue engineering. Demand for algae-based polymers is increasing and represent a potential—very inexpensive—resource for these applications. The structure and chemical modification of algal polymers are covered, as well as the biological properties of these materials – including antithrombic, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, and antiviral aspects. Toxicity of algal biopolymers is also covered. Finally, the book introduces and explains real world applications of algal-based biopolymers in biomedical applications, including tissue engineering, drug delivery, and biosensors. This is the first book to cover the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and the economic perspective of seaweed polysaccharides. It is an essential text for researchers and industry professionals looking to work with this renewable resource. Provides comprehensive coverage of the research currently taking place in biomedical applications of algae biopolymers Includes practical guidance on the isolation, extraction, and characterization of polysaccharides from sustainable marine sources Covers the extraction techniques, biomedical applications, and economic outlook of seaweed polysaccharides

Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides

Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides
  • Author : Antonio Trincone
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-08
  • Total pages :527
  • ISBN : 9780429608438
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Summary : The bioactivity potential of marine polysaccharides has long been considered an underexploited aspect. These molecules found in seaweed, microalgae, bacteria, and animal fish (shellfish, mollusks, etc.) and the derived oligosaccharides need to be explored thoroughly with an interdisciplinary approach. They are an extraordinary source of chemical diversity, and the literature highlights many applicative fields, including the food industry, cosmetics, biomedicine, agriculture, environmental protection, wastewater management, etc. More recently, a new challenge has emerged: the exploitation of marine biomass as the source of sustainable energy to participate in the future replacement of fossil resources. Enzymatic Technologies for Marine Polysaccharides provides insight into the recent research developments of marine polysaccharides and their current and potential applications. The first section of the book explores the diversity of marine polysaccharides from various angles, including a description of the chemical complexity and current applications and new perspectives in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and biomaterials offered by recent research. Efficient valorization of the marine polysaccharide biomass requires a rigorous analysis of the polysaccharides structure and their biological properties. The second section of the book concerns the development of extraction techniques and the improvement of the methods aimed at the characterization of their structure and function. Finally, the third and last section of the book articulates the enzymatic technologies from the discovery of novel enzymes to their production pipelines related to the fields of biorefinery, food, pharmaceutics, and other fine chemicals. Presents the latest research in marine oligosaccharides and polysaccharides Written by world-class researchers in marine enzyme technology Discusses the latest developments in extraction methods Presents a detailed overview of enzymatic routes for modification, production, and synthesis of marine oligosaccharides Contains extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study

Innovation in Nano-Polysaccharides for Eco-Sustainability

Innovation in Nano-Polysaccharides for Eco-Sustainability
  • Author : Preeti Singh,Kaiser Manzoor,Saiqa Ikram,Pratheep Kumar Annamalai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-10-01
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9780128234457
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Summary : Innovation in Nano-Polysaccharides for Eco-Sustainability: From Science to Industrial Applications presents fundamentals, advanced preparation methods, and novel applications for polysaccharide-based nanomaterials. Sections cover the fundamental aspects of polysaccharides and nano-polysaccharides, including their structure and properties, surface modification, processing and characterization. Key considerations are explained in detail, including the connection between the substituents of polysaccharides and their resulting physical properties, renewable resources, their sustainable utilization, and specific high value applications, such as pharmaceuticals, photocatalysts, energy, and wastewater treatment, and more. This is a valuable resource for researchers, scientists, and advanced students across bio-based polymers, nanomaterials, polymer chemistry, sustainable materials, biology, materials science and engineering, and chemical engineering. In industry, this book will support scientists, R&D, and engineers looking to utilize bio-based materials in advanced industrial applications. Covers the fundamentals, mechanisms, preparation methods, unique properties and performance of nano-polysaccharide materials Explores sustainable applications of nano-polysaccharides in areas such as pharmaceuticals, energy and wastewater treatment Addresses key challenges, including the implementation of sustainable concepts in chemical design and paths to scalability and commercialization

Production & Significance of Dextran by Leuconostoc Mesenteroides

Production & Significance of Dextran by Leuconostoc Mesenteroides
  • Author : Addala Lakshmi Bhavani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 3847373048
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Summary : Monograph on Production, Optimization and Significance of the versatile Polysaccharide - Dextran provides a comprehensive study of the polysaccharide - Dextran which has enormous utility in the areas of medicine, food industry and environmental applications. It covers basics such as the isolation, characterization, confirmation of the organism Leuconstoc mesenteroides and about its polysaccharide product the structure, types, significance and the optimization of various factors for its maximum production. The style, sequence and the presentation of the material in this book would be useful for students, scholars and researchers to understand the underlying facts, about the concepts, significance and the numerous benefits of microbial products in the field of industrial microbiology and biotechnology

Biobased Aerogels

Biobased Aerogels
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Laly A Pothan,Rubie Mavelil-Sam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-23
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9781782627654
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Summary : Aerogels have been in use for over 80 years and have been utilised in a wide variety of applications, in particular, there has been growing use of insulating nanoporous materials in the aerospace industry. Recent awareness of the environmental implications of materials has driven researchers to develop new green materials, with aerogels being developed using biobased constituents, such as polysaccharides and proteins. Recently, biobased components, such as cellulose nanocrystals, have replaced synthetic counterparts in the production of nanoporous materials. Biobased Aerogelsis the first book to cover aerogel research from a green perspective, using commentary and analysis from leading researchers working in the field. Aerogels based on polysaccharides and proteins, their preparation and characterisation will be covered in detail, with further discussion highlighting properties such as surface morphology, shape recovery, mechanical properties and adsorption capacity. This insightful and timely publication will provide essential reading for those researchers and industrialists working within the green chemistry field.

Bacterial Polysaccharides

Bacterial Polysaccharides
  • Author : Matthias Ullrich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 190445545X
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Summary : Experienced and authoritative experts review the most important innovations and their biotechnological applications. An interdisciplinary view that examines the area from molecular biology, genome-, transcriptome- and proteome-wide perspectives, and looks at the ecological aspects and systems biology approaches.

Processing and Development of Polysaccharide-Based Biopolymers for Packaging Applications

Processing and Development of Polysaccharide-Based Biopolymers for Packaging Applications
  • Author : Yachuan Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-02
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780128187968
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Summary : Processing and Development of Polysaccharide-Based Biopolymers for Packaging Applications presents the latest cutting-edge research into the processing and utilization of bio-based polymers for packaging applications, covering materials derived from polysaccharides, polylactic acid (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), polybutylene and bio-polyethylene. The book also covers the principles of biopolymer plasticization, experimental and modeling techniques, the use of nanotechnology, and key advances relating to biopolymer-based packaging, including anti-microbials, anti-oxidative agents, and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Introduces the principles of biopolymer plasticization and summarizes experimental and modeling techniques Covers a range of important bio-based polymer resources, explaining resources, availability, characterization methods, and extraction and refining techniques Supports the processing and development of bio-based polymers with enhanced functionality for advanced packaging applications

Rheology of Industrial Polysaccharides: Theory and Applications

Rheology of Industrial Polysaccharides: Theory and Applications
  • Author : R. Lapasin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9781461521853
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Summary : fudustrial uses of polysaccharides centre on their ability to thicken or structure many times their own weight of water, or in other words to control the rheology of hydrated systems. Until comparatively recently, however, objective characterisation of polysaccharide rheology, except in a few specialist research laboratories, was largely confined to compression of gels, simple measurements of solution viscosity, often in ill-defined geometries, and imitative tests intended to reflectproductperformance in specific areas ofend-use. Several factors have combined to bring a wider range of rheological techniques into common use. One is the increasing practical importance of systems that cannot adequately be described as solids or liquids, such as 'weak gels' and spreadable pastes. fu parallel, routine characterisation of such systems has become economically feasible with the development of a new generation of comparatively inexpensive computer-controlled instruments. There has also been a change ofemphasis from phenomenologicaldescription ofproduct texture towards the use of rheological measurements to probe the underlying molecular and supramolecular structures and the processes by which they are formed. As a result, even the most pragmatic producers and users of industrial polysaccharides are probably now familiar with terms such as creep compliance, stress overshoot and the ubiquitous G' and G", although perhaps not fully understanding their precise meaning or practical significance. A definitive text giving a rigorous description of the rheological approaches relevant to polysaccharide systems is therefore appropriate and timely. Romano Lapasin and Sabrina Priel are to be congratulated for tackling the daunting but worthwhile taskofproducing such avolume.

Polysaccharide Carriers for Drug Delivery

Polysaccharide Carriers for Drug Delivery
  • Author : Sabyasachi Maiti,Sougata Jana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-14
  • Total pages :802
  • ISBN : 9780081025543
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Summary : Polysaccharide Carriers for Drug Delivery presents the latest information on the selection of safe materials. Due to reported safety profiles on polysaccharides; they have been the natural choice for investigation. A wide variety of drug delivery and biomedical systems have been studied, however, the related information either concept-wise or application-oriented is scattered, therefore becoming difficult for readers and researchers to digest in a concise manner. This gathering of information will help readers easily comprehend the subject matter. Focuses on biopolysaccharide-based, distinct approaches for drug delivery applications Illustrates new concepts and highlights future scope for clinical development Provides comprehensive, up-to-date information on different aspects of drug delivery technology

Bioactive Polysaccharides

Bioactive Polysaccharides
  • Author : Shaoping Nie,Steve W. Cui,Mingyong Xie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-27
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 9780128114513
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Summary : Bioactive Polysaccharides offers a comprehensive review of the structures and bioactivities of bioactive polysaccharides isolated from traditional herbs, fungi, and seaweeds. It describes and discusses specific topics based on the authors’ rich experience, including extraction technologies, practical techniques required for purification and fractionation, strategies and skills for elucidating the fine structures, in-vitro and in-vivo protocols, and methodologies for evaluating the specific bioactivities, including immune-modulating activities, anti-cancer activities, anti-oxidant activities, and others. This unique book also discusses partial structure-functionality (bioactivities) relationships based on conformational studies. This comprehensive work can be used as a handbook to explore potential applications in foods, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceutical areas for commercial interests. Serves as a comprehensive review on extraction technologies, and as a practical guide for the purification and fractionation of bioactive polysaccharides Brings step-by-step strategies for elucidating the fine structures and molecular characterizations of bioactive polysaccharides Includes detailed experimental design and methodologies for investigation bioactivities using both in-vitro and in-vivo protocols Clarifies how to extract, purify, and fractionate bioactive polysaccharides, also exploring health benefits Useful as a guide to explore the commercial potentials of bioactive polysaccharides as pharmaceuticals, medicine, and functional foods

Polysaccharide Building Blocks

Polysaccharide Building Blocks
  • Author : Youssef Habibi,Lucian A. Lucia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-14
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781118229477
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Summary : This book is an archival reference for the evolving field ofbiomaterials and their applications in society, focusing on theircomposition, properties, characterization, chemistry andapplications in bioenergy, chemicals, and novel materials andbiomaterials. It has broad appeal due to the recentheightened awareness around bioenergy and biomass as potentialreplacements for petroleum feedstocks. The book isdivided into three parts: cellulose-based biomaterials, chitin andchitosan biomaterials, and hemicelluloses and otherpolysaccharides. Each chapter addresses a separatebiomaterial, discussing its chemical, physical, and biologicalattributes, and hones in on each compound's intrinsictunability for numerous chemicaltransformations. In the current quest for a "green"economy and resources, this book will help inspire scientiststowards novel sources for chemicals, materials,and energy in the years to come.

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocrystals

Polysaccharide-Based Nanocrystals
  • Author : Jin Huang,Peter R. Chang,Ning Lin,Alain Dufresne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-09
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9783527336197
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Summary : Polysaccharide nanocrystals can be derived from the renewable resources cellulose, chitin or starch, which makes them ideal candidates for "Green Materials Science". This versatile material class can be used in nanocomposites such as rubber or polyester, and in functional materials such as drug carriers, bio-inspired mechanically adaptive materials or membranes. Moreover, polysaccharide-based nanomaterials are environmentally friendly due to their intrinsic biodegradability. With its interdisciplinary approach the book gives a thorough introduction to extraction, structure, properties, surface modification, theory, and mechanisms of material formation of polysaccharide nanocrystals from renewable resources. In addition, it provides an in-depth description of plastics, composites, and nanomaterials from cellulose nanocrystals, chitin nanowhiskers and starch nanocrystals. The first focused, concise and coherent treatment of nanomaterials made from renewable resources such as cellulose, chitin, and starch - for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of polymeric materials.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Matheus Poletto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-30
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9789535127932
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Summary : Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.