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Food Microstructures

Food Microstructures
  • Author : Vic Morris,Kathy Groves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-15
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9780857098894
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Summary : The development of high-quality foods with desirable properties for both consumers and the food industry requires a comprehensive understanding of food systems and the control and rational design of food microstructures. Food microstructures reviews best practice and new developments in the determination of food microstructure. After a general introduction, chapters in part one review the principles and applications of various spectroscopy, tomography and microscopy techniques for revealing food microstructure, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, environmental scanning electron, probe, photonic force, acoustic, light, confocal and infrared microscopies. Part two explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures. Chapters focus on rheology, tribology and methods for modelling and simulating the molecular, cellular and granular microstructure of foods, and for developing relationships between microstructure and mechanical and rheological properties of food structures. The book concludes with a useful case study on electron microscopy. Written by leading professionals and academics in the field, Food microstructures is an essential reference work for researchers and professionals in the processed foods and nutraceutical industries concerned with complex structures, the delivery and controlled release of nutrients, and the generation of improved foods. The book will also be of value to academics working in food science and the emerging field of soft matter. Reviews best practice and essential developments in food microstructure microscopy and modelling Discusses the principles and applications of various microscopy techniques used to discover food microstructure Explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures

Microstructural Principles of Food Processing and Engineering

Microstructural Principles of Food Processing and Engineering
  • Author : José Miguel Aguilera,David W. Stanley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-09-30
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0834212560
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Summary : An Aspen Food Engineering Series Book. This new edition provides a comprehensive reference on food microstructure, emphasizing its interdisciplinary nature, rooted in the scientific principles of food materials science and physical chemistry. The book details the techniques available to study food microstructure, examines the microstructure of basic food components and its relation to quality, and explores how microstructure is affected by specific unit operations in food process engineering. Descriptions of a number of food-related applications provide a better understanding of the complexities of the microstructural approach to food processing. Color plates.

Food Microstructure and Its Relationship with Quality and Stability

Food Microstructure and Its Relationship with Quality and Stability
  • Author : Sakamon Devahastin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-20
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780081017661
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Summary : Food Microstructure and Its Relationship with Quality and Stability is a comprehensive overview of the effects that the properties of the underlying structures of food have on its perceived quality to the consumer. The book's first section consists of chapters outlining the fundamentals of food microstructure, food composition, molecular mobility of various food constituents, and their relationships with food quality and stability. The role of various processing technologies in the production of specific microstructures for enhanced quality and stability is outlined. The second part of the book consists of various chapters devoted to microstructures, constituents and their relationship with quality, functionality, and stability of selected foods, for example, food hydrocolloids, frozen seafood, dried foods, extruded products, and dietary fibers. This information is of paramount importance for both academic researchers in the areas of food quality, preservation, and stability, as well as for food developers and processors. Brings together leading experts from around the world to provide the latest information on a topic essential to the quality of food products Includes dedicated chapters covering the microstructure of specific products and its relationship to quality and stability, making this book ideal for those working in industry Provides a single reference source for a topic of great importance to a number of fields within both academic and industrial food sciences – food quality, stability, processing, and engineering

Image Analysis of Food Microstructure

Image Analysis of Food Microstructure
  • Author : John C. Russ
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-15
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781420038996
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Summary : Image Analysis of Food Microstructure offers a condensed guide to the most common procedures and techniques by which quantitative microstructural information about food can be obtained from images. The images are selected from a broad range of food items, including macroscopic images of meat and finished products such as pizza, and the microstructures of cheeses, dough and baked goods, ice cream, fruits and vegetables, emulsions, foams, and gels. The book informs food scientists about the image processing and measurement tools used to characterize a variety of microstructures in foods, using high-quality image techniques to illustrate chemical composition, thermo-mechanical processing, and genetic and structural properties. These different types of images used to measure various aspects of structure include: macroscopic light photography, confocal light microscopy, electron microscopy, atomic force microscope images, magnetic resonance, and computed tomography. Then the text explains how to interpret images to produce data, plot the results in different graphs, and identify trends. Examples using these image analysis techniques show typical results that researchers can expect and recreate. Image Analysis of Food Microstructure summarizes the basic procedures that can be useful in various aspects of food research, from nutraceuticals to cooking and food processing. It presents the processing of images and mathematical principles needed for image analyses in a step-by-step approach to extract key information from the images obtained.

Understanding and Controlling the Microstructure of Complex Foods

Understanding and Controlling the Microstructure of Complex Foods
  • Author : D. Julian McClements
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-30
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 9781845693671
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Summary : It is widely accepted that the creation of novel foods or improvement of existing foods largely depends on a strong understanding and awareness of the intricate interrelationship between the nanoscopic, microscopic and macroscopic features of foods and their bulk physiochemical properties, sensory attributes and healthfulness. With its distinguished editor and array of international contributors, Understanding and controlling the microstructure of complex foods provides a review of current understanding of significant aspects of food structure and methods for its control. Part one focuses on the fundamental structural elements present in foods such as polysaccharides, proteins and fats and the forces which hold them together. Part two discusses novel analytical techniques which can provide information on the morphology and behaviour of food materials. Chapters cover atomic force microscopy, image analysis, scattering techniques and computer analysis. Chapters in part three examine how the principles of structural design can be employed to improve performance and functionality of foods. The final part of the book discusses how knowledge of structural and physicochemical properties can be implemented to improve properties of specific foods such as ice-cream, spreads, protein-based drinks, chocolate and bread dough. Understanding and controlling the microstructure of complex foods is an essential reference for industry professionals and scientists concerned with improving the performance of existing food products and inventing novel food products. Reviews the current understanding of significant aspects of food structure and methods for its control Focuses on the fundamental structural elements present in foods such as proteins and fats and the forces that hold them together Discusses novel analytical techniques that provide information on the morphology and behaviour of food materials

Enzymatic Stabilization and Formation of Food Nano- and Microstructures

Enzymatic Stabilization and Formation of Food Nano- and Microstructures
  • Author : Benjamin Zeeb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-05
  • Total pages :223
  • ISBN : 9783832539221
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Summary : Der Einsatz vernetzungsfähiger Enzyme wurde am Beispiel einer Laccase bzw. Transglutaminase zur Stabilisierung und Modifizierung neuer Verkapselungssysteme untersucht. Ziel der Studien war es insbesondere den Wirkmechanismus der vernetzenden Enzyme in komplexen Lebensmittelmatrizen zu klären. Im Fokus der Forschung stand die Wirkung der Oxidase Laccase auf eine Fischgelatine-Zuckerrübenpektin-stabilisierte Öl-in-Wasser-Emulsion. Die Ergebnisse belegen, dass ausschließlich Biopolymere, die an der unmittelbar zur kontinuierlichen Phase hin zugänglichen Grenzfläche der Öl-in-Wasser Emulsionen durch die Laccase vernetzt werden konnten. In konzentrierten Emulsionssystemen können vernetzende Enzyme neben der Katalyse kovalenter Bindungen innerhalb der Grenzflächenmembran auch Tropfen-Tropfen-Netzwerke induzieren. Die Ausbildung partikulärer Emulsionsgele hängt dabei wesentlich vom mittleren Abstand der Emulsionstropfen ab. Diese Dissertation hat gezeigt, dass vernetzende Enzyme wie Laccase oder Transglutaminase in der Lage sind, die Struktur und Eigenschaften von Lebensmitteldispersion zu modifizieren.

Food Microstructure

Food Microstructure
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924051758583
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Summary :

Food Microstructures: Microscopy, Measurement and Modelling

Food Microstructures: Microscopy, Measurement and Modelling
  • Author : Vic Morris,Kathy Groves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-13
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 0081014244
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Summary : The development of high-quality foods with desirable properties for both consumers and the food industry requires a comprehensive understanding of food systems and the control and rational design of food microstructures. Food microstructures reviews best practice and new developments in the determination of food microstructure. After a general introduction, chapters in part one review the principles and applications of various spectroscopy, tomography and microscopy techniques for revealing food microstructure, including nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methods, environmental scanning electron, probe, photonic force, acoustic, light, confocal and infrared microscopies. Part two explores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures. Chapters focus on rheology, tribology and methods for modelling and simulating the molecular, cellular and granular microstructure of foods, and for developing relationships between microstructure and mechanical and rheological properties of food structures. The book concludes with a useful case study on electron microscopy. Written by leading professionals and academics in the field, Food microstructures is an essential reference work for researchers and professionals in the processed foods and nutraceutical industries concerned with complex structures, the delivery and controlled release of nutrients, and the generation of improved foods. The book will also be of value to academics working in food science and the emerging field of soft matter. Reviews best practice and essential developments in food microstructure microscopy and modellingDiscusses the principles and applications of various microscopy techniques used to discover food microstructureExplores the measurement, analysis and modelling of food microstructures

Food Materials Science and Engineering

Food Materials Science and Engineering
  • Author : Bhesh Bhandari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-30
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781118373927
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Summary : Food Materials Science and Engineering covers a comprehensive range of topics in relation to food materials, their properties and characterisation techniques, thus offering a new approach to understanding food production and quality control. The opening chapter will define the scope and application of food materials science, explaining the relationship between raw material structure and processing and quality in the final product. Subsequent chapters will examine the structure of food materials and how they relate to quality, sensory perception, processing attributes and nutrient delivery. The authors also address applications of nanotechnology to food and packaging science. Methods of manufacturing food systems with improved shelf-life and quality attributes will be highlighted in the book.

Food Analysis

Food Analysis
  • Author : S. Suzanne Nielsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-06
  • Total pages :649
  • ISBN : 9783319457765
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Summary : This fifth edition provides information on techniques needed to analyze foods for chemical and physical properties. The book is ideal for undergraduate courses in food analysis and is also an invaluable reference to professionals in the food industry. General information chapters on regulations, labeling, sampling, and data handling provide background information for chapters on specific methods to determine chemical composition and characteristics, physical properties, and objectionable matter and constituents. Methods of analysis covered include information on the basic principles, advantages, limitations, and applications. Sections on spectroscopy and chromatography along with chapters on techniques such as immunoassays, thermal analysis, and microscopy from the perspective of their use in food analysis have been expanded. Instructors who adopt the textbook can contact the editor for access to a website with related teaching materials.

Rheology of Semisolid Foods

Rheology of Semisolid Foods
  • Author : Helen S. Joyner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-13
  • Total pages :413
  • ISBN : 9783030271343
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Summary : Rheology of Semisolid Foods comprehensively covers the rheological behaviors and rheological testing of semisolid foods. Individual chapters focus on semisolid food structure, rheological and sensory behaviors, testing of various semisolid food behaviors, and factors that impact those behaviors. Special concentration is given to the relationships among semisolid food structures and mechanical properties and textures. The second section of this work presents a series of case studies on acid milk gels and yogurt which provide a practical illustration of the concepts presented in the preceding chapters, allowing readers to gain both conceptual knowledge of semisolid food rheology and an understanding of how that knowledge can be applied to a food system of choice. Individual components, processing parameters, and storage conditions can dramatically impact food functional properties and textures. Changing any of these factors can cause significant microstructural alterations resulting in undesirable changes in product stability, functionality and texture. The lack of knowledge of how these factors impact the final food properties makes development of new food products a process of empirical trial rather than intentional design. A fundamental understanding food structure, function and texture relationships is critical for targeted design of food products. This text is a valuable reference for researchers looking to gain an understanding of how rheology works in semisolid food design and processing.

Microstructure of Dairy Products

Microstructure of Dairy Products
  • Author : Mamdouh El-Bakry,Antonio Sanchez,Bhavbhuti M. Mehta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-13
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781118964200
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Summary : Provides the most recent developments in microscopy techniques and types of analysis used to study the microstructure of dairy products This comprehensive and timely text focuses on the microstructure analyses of dairy products as well as on detailed microstructural aspects of them. Featuring contributions from a global team of experts, it offers great insight into the understanding of different phenomena that relate to the functional and biochemical changes during processing and subsequent storage. Structured into two parts, Microstructure of Dairy Products begins with an overview of microscopy techniques and software used for microstructural analyses. It discusses, in detail, different types of the following techniques, such as: light microscopy (including bright field, polarized, and confocal scanning laser microscopy) and electron microscopy (mainly scanning and transmission electron microscopy). The description of these techniques also includes the staining procedures and sample preparation methods developed. Emerging microscopy techniques are also covered, reflecting the latest advances in this field. Part 2 of the book focuses on the microstructure of various dairy foods, dividing each into sections related to the microstructure of milk, cheeses, yogurts, powders, and fat products, ice cream and frozen dairy desserts, dairy powders and selected traditional Indian dairy products. In addition, there is a review of the localization of microorganism within the microstructure of various dairy products. The last chapter discusses the challenges and future trends of the microstructure of dairy products. Presents complete coverage of the latest developments in dairy product microscopy techniques Details the use of microscopy techniques in structural analysis An essential purchase for companies, researchers, and other professionals in the dairy sector Microstructure of Dairy Products is an excellent resource for food scientists, technologists, and chemists—and physicists, rheologists, and microscopists—who deal in dairy products.

Dietary Fibre Enrichment

Dietary Fibre Enrichment
  • Author : Charles Brennan,Victor Kuri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1405121513
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Summary : Dietary fiber, and the understanding of its role in human nutrition and food quality, is of growing interest to researchers, the food industry, and health professionals. This important new book explores how dietary fiber can affect food microstructures and how this is related to the quality of novel foods developed by the food industry. The editors, both well known internationally for their work in this area, have drawn together chapters written by a team of professionals, creating a guide that is essential for food scientists, technologists, and nutritional scientists.

Practical Food Rheology

Practical Food Rheology
  • Author : Ian T. Norton,Fotios Spyropoulos,Philip Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-01
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1444391054
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Summary : Rheology is fundamentally important in food manufacturing in two major senses. Understanding the way in which a substance moves and behaves is essential in order to be able to transport and mix it during processing. Secondly, the rheology of a product dictates much of the consumer experience, e.g. in relation to texture and mouthfeel. This book doesn’t overwhelm the reader with complex mathematical equations but takes a simple and practically-focused approach, interpreting the implications of rheological data for use in different food systems. Through this approach industry-based food developers / rheologists, students, and academics are given clear, concise interpretation of rheological data which directly relates to actual perceived functionality in the food. The functionality may relate to texture, structure and mouthfeel, and may result as a function of temperature, pH, flocculation, concentration effects, and mixing. The interpretative view is based on the principle that the food rheologist will produce a graph, for example of viscosity or gelation profiling, and then have to extract a practical meaning from it. For example, if viscosity falls with time as a function of pH, this knowledge can be used to tell the customer that the viscosity can be followed with just a pH meter and a stopwatch. Rheological measurements have shown that once the pH has dropped 1 unit after 10 minutes, the viscosity has been halved. This is the type of practical and valuable information for customers of the industrial food rheologist which the book will enable readers to access. Key features: A uniquely practical approach to the often difficult science of food rheology Includes chapters introducing the basics of food rheology before moving on to how data can be usefully and easily interpreted by the food scientist Can be used as a teaching aid on academic or industry-based courses

Imaging Technologies and Data Processing for Food Engineers

Imaging Technologies and Data Processing for Food Engineers
  • Author : Nesli Sozer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-19
  • Total pages :353
  • ISBN : 9783319247359
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Summary : Food products are complex in nature which makes their analysis difficult. Different scientific disciplines such as biochemistry, microbiology, and nutrition, together with engineering concepts are involved in their characterization. However, imaging of food materials and data analysis has gained more importance due to innovations in the food industry, as well as the emergence of food nanotechnology. Image analysis protocols and techniques can be used in food structure analysis and process monitoring. Therefore, food structure imaging is crucial for various sections of the food chain starting from the raw material to the end product. This book provides information on imaging techniques such as electron microscopy, laser microscopy, x-ray tomography, raman and infrared imaging, together with data analysis protocols. It addresses the most recent advances in imaging technologies and data analysis of grains, liquid food systems (i.e. emulsions and gels), semi-solid and solid foams (i.e. bakery products, dough, expanded snacks), protein films, fruits and vegetable confectionery and nuts. This book also: Provides in-depth view of raw material characterization and process control Covers structure-functionality and structure-texture relationships Reviews applications to emerging areas of food science with an insight into future trends

Natural Polymers

Natural Polymers
  • Author : Ololade Olatunji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-24
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9783319264141
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Summary : This book introduces the most recent innovations in natural polymer applications in the food, construction, electronics, biomedical, pharmaceutical, and engineering industries. The authors provide perspectives from their respective range of industries covering classification, extraction, modification, and application of natural polymers from various sources in nature. They discuss the techniques used in analysis of natural polymers in various systems incorporating natural polymers as well as their intrinsic properties.

Evaluation Technologies for Food Quality

Evaluation Technologies for Food Quality
  • Author : Jian Zhong,Xichang Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-16
  • Total pages :914
  • ISBN : 9780128142189
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Summary : Evaluation Technologies for Food Quality summarizes food quality evaluation technologies, which include sensory evaluation techniques and chemical and physical analysis. In particular, the book introduces many novel micro and nano evaluation techniques, such as atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and other nanomaterial-based methods. All topics cover basic principles, procedures, advantages, limitations, recent technology development, and application progress in different types of foods. This book is a valuable resource for scientists in the field of food science, engineering, and professionals in the food industry, as well as for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying food quality evaluation technology. Explains basic principles, procedures, advantages, limitations, and current applications of recent food quality technologies Provides guidance on the understanding and application of food quality evaluation technology in the field of food research and food industry Introduces many novel micro/nano evaluation techniques, such as atomic force and scanning electron microscopies and other nanomaterial-based methods

Handbook of Muscle Foods Analysis

Handbook of Muscle Foods Analysis
  • Author : Leo M.L. Nollet,Fidel Toldra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-10
  • Total pages :984
  • ISBN : 142004530X
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Summary : In today’s nutrition-conscious society, there is a growing awareness among meat scientists and consumers about the importance of the essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals found in muscle foods. Handbook of Muscle Foods Analysis provides a comprehensive overview and description of the analytical techniques and application methodologies for this important food group that comprises much of the Western diet. Co-Edited by Fidel Toldra - Recipient of the 2010 Distinguished Research Award from the American Meat Science Association With contributions from more than 35 international experts, this authoritative volume focuses 16 of its chapters on the analysis of main chemical and biochemical compounds, such as: Peptides Lipases Glucohydrolases Phospholipids Cholesterol products Nucleotides Includes a Section Devoted to Safety Strategies, Particularly the Detection of Environmental Toxins Under the editorial guidance of world-renowned food analysis expert, Leo M.L. Nollet with Fidel Toldrà, this 43-chapter resource clearly stands apart from the competition. Divided into five detailed sections, it provides in-depth discussion of essential sensory tools to determine color, texture, and flavor. It also discusses key preparation, cleanup, and separation techniques. This indispensable guide brings available literature into a one-stop source making it an essential tool for researchers and academicians in the meat processing industry.

Food Structure and Functionality

Food Structure and Functionality
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-17
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780128214640
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Summary : Food Structure and Functionality helps users further understand the latest research related to food structuring and de-structuring, with an emphasis on structuring to achieve improved texture, taste perception, health and shelf-stability. Topics covered address food structure, nanotechnology and functionality, with an emphasis on the novel experimental and modeling approaches used to link structure and functionality in food. The book also covers food structure design across the lifespan, as well as design for healthcare and medical applications. Dairy matrices for oral and gut functionality is also discussed, as is deconstructing dairy matrices for the release of nutrient and flavor components. This book will benefit food scientists, technologists, engineers and physical chemists working in the whole food science field, new product developers, researchers, academics and professionals working in the food industry, including nutritionists, dieticians, physicians, biochemists and biophysicists. Covers recent trends related to non-thermal processes, nanotechnology and modern food structures in the food industry Begins with an introduction to the structure/function of food products and their characterization methods Addresses biopolymer composites, interfacial layers in food emulsions, amyloid-like fibrillary structures, self-assembly in foods, lipid nano-carriers, microfluidics, rheology and function of hydrocolloids Discusses applications and the effects of emerging technologies on process, structure and function relationships

Handbook of Food Structure Development

Handbook of Food Structure Development
  • Author : Fotis Spyropoulos,Aris Lazidis,Ian Norton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-17
  • Total pages :498
  • ISBN : 9781788019057
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Summary : The most useful properties of food, i.e. the ones that are detected through look, touch and taste, are a manifestation of the food’s structure. Studies about how this structure develops or can be manipulated during food production and processing are a vital part of research in food science. This book provides the status of research on food structure and how it develops through the interplay between processing routes and formulation elements. It covers food structure development across a range of food settings and consider how this alters in order to design food with specific functionalities and performance. Food structure has to be considered across a range of length scales and the book includes a section focusing on analytical and theoretical approaches that can be taken to analyse/characterise food structure from the nano- to the macro-scale. The book concludes by outlining the main challenges arising within the field and the opportunities that these create in terms of establishing or growing future research activities. Edited and written by world class contributors, this book brings the literature up-to-date by detailing how the technology and applications have moved on over the past 10 years. It serves as a reference for researchers in food science and chemistry, food processing and food texture and structure.

Food Engineering - Volume I

Food Engineering - Volume I
  • Author : Gustavo V. Barbosa-Cánovas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-10
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781905839445
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Summary : Food Engineering is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Food Engineering became an academic discipline in the 1950s. Today it is a professional and scientific multidisciplinary field related to food manufacturing and the practical applications of food science. These volumes cover five main topics: Engineering Properties of Foods; Thermodynamics in Food Engineering; Food Rheology and Texture; Food Process Engineering; Food Plant Design, which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. These four volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs