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Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780080982250
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Summary : The demand for comparable, long-term, high quality data on forest ecosystems' status and changes is increasing at the international and global level. Yet, sources for such data are limited and in many case it is not possible to compare data from different monitoring initiatives across space and time because of methodological differences. Apart from technical manuals, there is no comprehensive multidisciplinary, scientific, peer-reviewed reference for forest monitoring methods that can serve and support the user community. This book provides in a single reference the state-of-the-art of monitoring methods as applied at the international level. The book present scientific concepts and methods that form the basis of the transnational, long-term forest monitoring in Europe and looks at other initiatives at the global level. Standardized methods that have been developed over two decades in international forest monitoring projects are presented. Emphasis is put on trans-nationally harmonized methods, related data quality issues, current achievements and on remaining open questions. A comprehensive overview of needs, requirements, organization and possible outcomes of an integrated monitoring program Tested and quality assured, internationally harmonized methodologies based on a complete revision of existing methods carried out in 2009-2011 Connection with monitoring results allows assessment of the potential of the monitoring method

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Andy J. Moffat,Richard Fischer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055373
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Summary : The importance of translating the results of forest monitoring into useful commodities (i.e., data, information, knowledge, and wisdom) is discussed. The need for an effective communications strategy is stressed, following well-established reporting principles. Reporting may involve a range of communications specialists as well as those who collect the data, and scientists who analyze and interpret it. It is vital that the type of report is tailored to the needs of particular audiences, be they scientists or modelers, policy and/or decision makers. Monitoring platforms need to be increasingly aware of new opportunities for the data and information they generate. The internet is now enabling quicker and global reporting of monitoring outputs but also promoting two-way communication between user and consumer. A political movement to promote open access to all forms of monitoring data is gaining ground and some international and European regulations are already affecting the way forest monitoring outputs are placed in the public domain.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation
  • Author : Frederic Achard,Matthew C. Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9781000218657
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Summary : Covering recent developments in satellite observation data undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels, this book highlights operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems. It also tackles the technical issues surrounding the ability to produce accurate and consistent estimates of forest area changes, which are needed to report greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use changes. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of monitoring methods and shows how state-of-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Martin Lorenz,Richard Fischer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055151
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Summary : Forest assessments aim at meeting a variety of information needs, such as forest health, forest volume and growth, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, as well as relationships between forests, climate change, and air pollution. Respective forest assessments have been implemented in Europe on different scales with different intensities. The ICP Forests has been established in 1985. With its currently more than 6800 large-scale and more than 760 intensive monitoring plots in Europe and with 40 countries of Europe as well as with Canada and the United States of America also participating, ICP Forests constitutes one of the largest forest monitoring programs in the world. It contributes cooperates with numerous scientific and political institutions and programs. In this context, an overview on current forest information needs and on monitoring approaches and initiatives is provided. Examples of main results are provided.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Borys Tkacz,Kurt Riitters,Kevin E. Percy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055175
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Summary : Different monitoring initiatives have been undertaken in Canada and the United States since the 1980s at national and regional scales. In the United States, starting in 1990, partners from federal and state agencies established the Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) program with the goal of monitoring and evaluating the status, conditions, and trends in indicators of forest health. The FHM program has evolved into a system where FHM plots are integrated with the national Forest Inventory and Analysis program. In Canada, early attempts can be traced back to the 1980s with the Acid Rain Early Warning System. After its ending, Canadian forest monitoring was mostly carried out within the redesigned National Forest Inventory, Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network, and regional initiatives. One of them, implemented in the Athabasca Oil Sands Region of Alberta since 1997, is presented here.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Marco Ferretti,Richard Fischer,Andy J. Moffat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055380
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Summary : Forest monitoring by terrestrial investigation has achieved a number of results in terms of infrastructure, enhanced international cooperation, development of methods, data, data quality, and capability to provide information. In addition, long-term monitoring data are increasingly requested by researchers and modelers. Despite these achievements, forest monitoring programs are facing increasing challenges related to a superimposed reduction in resources and a generalized loss of appeal and enthusiasm by policy and funding agencies. Although forest monitoring is a relatively young discipline, which has already evolved considerably, a further, rapid evolution is necessary. The next generation of monitoring programs should consider (i) identifying a wider range of users for monitoring information; (ii) expanding monitoring potential by means of connections with terrestrial and remotely based inventory, modeling, and research systems; (iii) adapting and further improving quality and coverage of data, information and reporting to fit specialized stakeholders; and (iv) enhanced global cooperation. Long-term commitment and financial support are necessary to secure continuity of operation, data collection, and maintenance of data series.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Marco Ferretti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055144
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Summary : Over the past decades, the demand for and interest in harmonized data on the status of forests has changed in nature, increasing and becoming cross-sectoral. Although its history is much more recent than forest inventories, forest monitoring today has a great potential to provide useful data and information. The chapter outlines the development of monitoring needs over the past 40 years, the value of monitoring and its importance for other forms of scientific inquiry, introduces the basic methodological issues, and presents an overview of the major forest monitoring programs. Emphasis is placed on the importance that monitoring be driven by explicit objectives and grounded on solid scientific background. This chapter presents the aims and structure of the book.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Davide Travaglini,Gherardo Chirici,Francesca Bottalico,Marco Ferretti,Piermaria Corona,Anna Barbati,Lorenzo Fattorini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055205
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Summary : Strategic planning of forest resources in Europe requires reliable information on the status and trend of forest condition. National Forest Inventories (NFIs) and Forest Condition Monitoring (FCM) networks are primary sources of data for large area assessments of forest resources. This contribution seeks to outline a statistical perspective for the construction of a European forest monitoring system, able to provide statistically sound estimates of forest condition (defoliation) parameters and of their changes over time. Monitoring objectives, parameters of interest, and accuracy indexes are presented, under the assumption that a common definition for forests is adopted by European countries. The proposed estimators are of two types: (i) based solely on information acquired from FCM and (ii) derived from integration of FCM and NFIs.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation
  • Author : Frederic Achard,Matthew C. Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9781466552029
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Summary : Covering recent developments in satellite observation data undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels, this book highlights operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems. It also tackles the technical issues surrounding the ability to produce accurate and consistent estimates of forest area changes, which are needed to report greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use changes. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of monitoring methods and shows how state-of-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

Monitoring Forest Biodiversity

Monitoring Forest Biodiversity
  • Author : Toby Gardner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-09
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9780415507158
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Summary : The fate of much of the world's terrestrial biodiversity depends upon our ability to improve the management of forest ecosystems that have already been substantially modified by humans. Monitoring is an essential ingredient in meeting this challenge, allowing us to measure the impact of different human activities on biodiversity and identify more responsible ways of managing the environment. Nevertheless many biodiversity monitoring programs are criticised as being little more than 'tick the box' compliance exercises that waste precious resources and erode the credibility of science in the eyes of decision makers and conservation investors. The purpose of this book is to examine the factors that make biodiversity monitoring programs fail or succeed. The first two sections lay out the context and importance of biodiversity monitoring, and shed light on some of the key challenges that have confounded many efforts to date. The third and main section presents an operational framework for developing monitoring programs that have the potential to make a meaningful contribution to forest management. Discussion covers the scoping, design and implementation stages of a forest biodiversity monitoring program, including defining the purpose, goals and objectives of monitoring, indicator selection, and the process of data collection, analysis and interpretation. Underpinning the book is the belief that biodiversity monitoring should be viewed not as a stand-alone exercise in surveillance but rather as an explicit mechanism for learning about how to improve opportunities for conservation. To be successful in this task, monitoring needs to be grounded in clear goals and objectives, effective in generating reliable assessments of changes in biodiversity and realistic in light of real-world financial, logistical and social constraints.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Matthias Dobbertin,Markus Neumann,Hans-Werner Schroeck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055236
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Summary : The growth of trees is a key ecological parameter of forests and thus of high importance as an indicator of forest condition in long-term forest monitoring. Forest growth can be easily and fairly inexpensively assessed on both intensive monitoring plots and large-scale plots. For intensive monitoring plots, we propose a hierarchical system of stem diameter measurements with simple manual growth assessments in regular multiannual intervals on all trees (periodic measurements), annual to weekly readings of permanently installed girth bands (permanent measurements) on a subset of trees, and electronically recorded dendrometer measurements with high-time resolution on a few selected trees (continuous measurements) for physiological measurements. For this, we describe possible plot layouts, sampling protocols for the trees, and measuring methods and instruments used, and give suggestions for data Quality Assurance, forest growth calculations, and data evaluations.

Status and Dynamics of Forests in Germany

Status and Dynamics of Forests in Germany
  • Author : Nicole Wellbrock,Andreas Bolte
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-01
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9783030157340
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Summary : This book is an open access publication. Forest ecosystems in Central Europe are changing as a result of anthropogenic influences and changing climate conditions. As such, a large-scale monitoring programme was undertaken in order to understand the influence of site modification, deposition of air pollutants, and climate. This book presents the scientific findings of this study for Germany, including the major challenges with regard to the future preservation and management of forest ecosystems under environmental change. In addition, it addresses a number of central questions: what are the main factors affecting forest stands and soil integrity? How, and how rapidly, are forest ecosystems changing? How diverse are the changes across Germany? What will be the main risks in sustainable forest management in the future? And how can policy support the development and maintenance of adaptive and resilient forests that provide essential ecosystem services, today and in the future? Helping readers understand the importance of soils and related ecosystem processes for future sustainable forestry, and sharing essential findings on environmental change and related changes in forest status and dynamics, the book is a valuable resource for researchers and policymakers interested in science-based decisions.

Community Forest Monitoring for the Carbon Market

Community Forest Monitoring for the Carbon Market
  • Author : Margaret Skutsch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-06
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781136538032
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Summary : First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Johannes Eichhorn,Peter Roskams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055212
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Summary : The assessment and evaluation of tree condition and vitality is an essential part of the ICP Forests monitoring programme. Due to the complex structure of forest ecosystems, a number of different indicators of tree condition are adopted. In this chapter, they are described also in terms of their ecological relevance. Special emphasis is laid on biotic agents affecting forest ecosystems and explaining tree responses to stressors. For operational reasons, definitions and recommendations for the use of the indicators are given. Tree condition assessment in forest monitoring is closely linked to field measures of Quality Assurance and Control. Examples of results show that the methods currently used in tree condition monitoring are sensitive to detect the effects of climate change on forests and identifying main spatial and temporal patterns and damaging agents.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Marco Ferretti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055199
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Summary : The international, multipartner, multiagency nature of the ICP Forests conditioned its design from the beginning, with a number of trade-offs necessary to accommodate specific needs, perspectives, and monitoring “traditions.” Reconciling these differences with the program objectives is a major challenge for program managers and stakeholders. In this chapter, basic design concepts and principles of the ICP Forests are described, together with more recent efforts undertaken to respond to that major challenge. Emphasis is placed on fixed-area plot design for both Levels I and II monitoring intensity, as well as the need to maintain data time series. The newly developed Quality Assurance perspective, the enhanced data management system, and the policy for intellectual property, publication, and data distribution are also important elements of the entire monitoring design.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation
  • Author : Frederic Achard,Matthew C. Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-31
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 1138074470
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Summary : Forests provide a large range of beneficial services, including tangible ones such as timber and recreation, and intangible services such as climate regulation, biodiversity, and watershed protection. On the other hand, forests can also be considered roadblocks to progress that occupy space more productively used for agriculture, making consideration of their regulating services crucial for balancing land use and forest loss. Monitoring forest cover and loss is critical for obtaining the data necessary to help define what is needed to maintain the varying forest service requirements in different parts of the world. There is an increasing need for timely and accurate forest change information, and consequently a greater interest in monitoring those changes. Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation covers the very recent developments undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels using Earth observation satellite data. It describes operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems, discussing why and how researchers currently use remotely sensed data to study forest cover and loss over large areas. The book introduces the role of forests in providing ecosystem services and the need for monitoring their change over time, followed by an overview of the use of earth observation data to support forest monitoring. It discusses general methodological differences, including wall-to-wall mapping and sampling approaches, as well as data availability. This book provides excellent coverage of the research and applications of forest monitoring, indicator mapping at coarse spatial resolution, sample-based assessments, and wall-to-wall mapping at medium spatial resolution using optical remote sensing datasets, such as MODIS and Landsat. It examines the use of radar imagery in forest monitoring and presents a number of operational systems, from Brazil�s PRODES and DETER products to Australia�s NCAS system. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of global forest monitoring methods and shows how state-of-the-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

Report of the Expert Consultation on National Forest Monitoring and Assessment (NFMA), Meeting Evolving Needs

Report of the Expert Consultation on National Forest Monitoring and Assessment (NFMA), Meeting Evolving Needs
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :31
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P01054101F
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Summary :

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Vicent Calatayud,Marcus Schaub
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055328
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Summary : Gaseous air pollutants can have an impact on forest ecosystems inducing visible injury in sensitive species and potentially affecting tree growth, health, and species composition. While several methods exist, passive (diffusive) samplers have been widely used for measuring air pollutants in forest areas, representing a simple, cost-effective method that does not require power supply. In Europe, passive sampling is the principal method used within the intensive monitoring plots of ICP Forests since 2000 and has been proven to provide results comparable to those obtained by conventional monitors. Guidelines for using passive samplers in forest ecosystems and examples of results are provided.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Marco Ferretti,Nils König
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055335
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Summary : A comprehensive Quality Assurance (QA) approach has been recently developed and implemented within the largest international forest monitoring program in Europe: ICP Forests. It includes a series of components aimed at providing agreed methods, explicit quality standards, training, and intercomparison procedures as well as remedial counter-actions. All investigations carried out by the program are covered, and this provides the basis for documented statements about data quality. Although considerable work is still necessary in the area of field sampling, the QA approach presented here can also be useful for other programs and projects based on international, multiagency cooperation.

Forest Monitoring

Forest Monitoring
  • Author : Marco Ferretti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-16
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128055182
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Summary : To be useful in a forest and environmental management perspective, monitoring data need to provide conclusive results in terms of forest's status, changes, and their correlates. To be fit for such a use, monitoring data must satisfy a number of requirements. In particular, well-defined objectives, sound statistical design, and known and documented metrological quality are essential for defensible data, results, and information. Together with other sources of error (nonstatistical errors, model errors, definition errors), they need to be considered at the design stage of the monitoring. The value of a comprehensive Quality Assurance (QA) perspective is emphasized in that it forces program managers and designers to consider and provide explicit answers and solutions for each individual step of the monitoring program.

Capacity development in national forest monitoring

Capacity development in national forest monitoring
  • Author : Brice Mora,Martin Herold,Veronique De Sy,Arief Wijaya,Louis Verchot,Jim Penman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-22
  • Total pages :100
  • ISBN : 9786028693868
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Summary : The development of a system for forest monitoring and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) is an on-going priority – and challenge – for REDD+ countries. Although many countries already have some form of national forest monitoring in place, the existing capacity often falls short of the level required to participate fully in REDD+. In this context, a group of experts from around the world met in September 2012 to share their experiences and to discuss some of the central – and at times controversial – issues for national forest monitoring readiness and REDD+.