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Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology
  • Author : Richard Leach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-17
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781455777501
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Summary : Working at the nano-scale demands an understanding of the high-precision measurement techniques that make nanotechnology and advanced manufacturing possible. Richard Leach introduces these techniques to a broad audience of engineers and scientists involved in nanotechnology and manufacturing applications and research. He also provides a routemap and toolkit for metrologists engaging with the rigor of measurement and data analysis at the nano-scale. Starting from the fundamentals of precision measurement, the author progresses into different measurement and characterization techniques. The focus on nanometrology in engineering contexts makes this book an essential guide for the emerging nanomanufacturing / nanofabrication sector, where measurement and standardization requirements are paramount both in product specification and quality assurance. This book provides engineers and scientists with the methods and understanding needed to design and produce high-performance, long-lived products while ensuring that compliance and public health requirements are met. Updated to cover new and emerging technologies, and recent developments in standards and regulatory frameworks, this second edition includes many new sections, e.g. new technologies in scanning probe and e-beam microscopy, recent developments in interferometry and advances in co-ordinate metrology. Demystifies nanometrology for a wide audience of engineers, scientists, and students involved in nanotech and advanced manufacturing applications and research Introduces metrologists to the specific techniques and equipment involved in measuring at the nano-scale or to nano-scale uncertainty Fully updated to cover the latest technological developments, standards, and regulations

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology

Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology
  • Author : Richard Leach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-03
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 1437778321
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Summary : Fundamental Principles of Engineering Nanometrology provides a comprehensive overview of engineering metrology and how it relates to micro and nanotechnology (MNT) research and manufacturing. By combining established knowledge with the latest advances from the field, it presents a comprehensive single volume that can be used for professional reference and academic study. Provides a basic introduction to measurement and instruments Thoroughly presents numerous measurement techniques, from static length and displacement to surface topography, mass and force Covers multiple optical surface measuring instruments and related topics (interferometry, triangulation, confocal , variable focus, and scattering instruments) Explains, in depth, the calibration of surface topography measuring instruments (traceability; calibration of profile and areal surface texture measuring instruments; uncertainties) Discusses the material in a way that is comprehensible to even those with only a limited mathematical knowledge

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology

Micromanufacturing Engineering and Technology
  • Author : Yi Qin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-02
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 081551980X
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Summary : This book presents applicable knowledge of technology, equipment and applications, and the core economic issues of micromanufacturing for anyone with a basic understanding of manufacturing, material, or product engineering. It explains micro-engineering issues (design, systems, materials, market and industrial development), technologies, facilities, organization, competitiveness, and innovation with an analysis of future potential. The machining, forming, and joining of miniature / micro-products are all covered in depth, covering: grinding/milling, laser applications, and photo chemical etching; embossing (hot & UV), injection molding and forming (bulk, sheet, hydro, laser); mechanical assembly, laser joining, soldering, and packaging. • Presents case studies, material and design considerations, working principles, process configurations, and information on tools, equipment, parameters and control • Explains the many facets of recently emerging additive / hybrid technologies and systems, incl: photo-electric-forming, liga, surface treatment, and thin film fabrication • Outlines system engineering issues pertaining to handling, metrology, testing, integration & software • Explains widely used micro parts in bio / medical industry, information technology and automotive engineering. • Covers technologies in high demand, such as: micro-mechanical-cutting, lasermachining, micro-forming, micro-EDM, micro-joining, photo-chemical-etching, photo-electro-forming, and micro-packaging

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications: Research Advancements

Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications: Research Advancements
  • Author : Santo, Loredana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-28
  • Total pages :347
  • ISBN : 9781466652187
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Summary : Surface engineering includes many facets of materials science that help regulate the function, quality, and safety of products such as automotive, textile, and electronic materials. New technologies are developing to help enhance the surface performance. Surface Engineering Techniques and Applications: Research Advancements provides recent developments in surface engineering techniques and applications. It details scientific and technological results while also giving insight to current research, economic impact, and environmental concerns so that academics, practitioners, and professionals in the field, as well as students studying these areas, can deepen their understanding of new surface processes.

Basics of Precision Engineering

Basics of Precision Engineering
  • Author : Richard Leach,Stuart T. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-09
  • Total pages :659
  • ISBN : 9780429887444
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Summary : Advances in engineering precision have tracked with technological progress for hundreds of years. Over the last few decades, precision engineering has been the specific focus of research on an international scale. The outcome of this effort has been the establishment of a broad range of engineering principles and techniques that form the foundation of precision design. Today’s precision manufacturing machines and measuring instruments represent highly specialised processes that combine deterministic engineering with metrology. Spanning a broad range of technology applications, precision engineering principles frequently bring together scientific ideas drawn from mechanics, materials, optics, electronics, control, thermo-mechanics, dynamics, and software engineering. This book provides a collection of these principles in a single source. Each topic is presented at a level suitable for both undergraduate students and precision engineers in the field. Also included is a wealth of references and example problems to consolidate ideas, and help guide the interested reader to more advanced literature on specific implementations.

Micromixers

Micromixers
  • Author : Nam-Trung Nguyen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-17
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9781437735215
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Summary : The ability to mix minute quantities of fluids is critical in a range of recent and emerging techniques in engineering, chemistry and life sciences, with applications as diverse as inkjet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, specialty and hazardous chemical manufacturing, DNA analysis and disease diagnosis. The multidisciplinary nature of this field – intersecting engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, microtechnology and biotechnology – means that the community of engineers and scientists now engaged in developing microfluidic devices has entered the field from a variety of different backgrounds. Micromixers is uniquely comprehensive, in that it deals not only with the problems that are directly related to fluidics as a discipline (aspects such as mass transport, molecular diffusion, electrokinetic phenomena, flow instabilities, etc.) but also with the practical issues of fabricating micomixers and building them into microsystems and lab-on-chip assemblies.With practical applications to the design of systems vital in modern communications, medicine and industry this book has already established itself as a key reference in an emerging and important field. The 2e includes coverage of a broader range of fabrication techniques, additional examples of fully realized devices for each type of micromixer and a substantially extended section on industrial applications, including recent and emerging applications. Introduces the design and applications of micromixers for a broad audience across chemical engineering, electronics and the life sciences, and applications as diverse as lab-on-a-chip, ink jet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and DNA analysis Helps engineers and scientists to unlock the potential of micromixers by explaining both the scientific (microfluidics) aspects and the engineering involved in building and using successful microscale systems and devices with micromixers The author's applied approach combines experience-based discussion of the challenges and pitfalls of using micromixers, with proposals for how to overcome them

Ceramic Thick Films for MEMS and Microdevices

Ceramic Thick Films for MEMS and Microdevices
  • Author : Robert A. Dorey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :191
  • ISBN : 9781437778175
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Summary : The MEMS (Micro Electro-Mechanical Systems) market returned to growth in 2010. The total MEMS market is worth about $6.5 billion, up more than 11 percent from last year and nearly as high as its historic peak in 2007. MEMS devices are used across sectors as diverse as automotive, aerospace, medical, industrial process control, instrumentation and telecommunications - forming the nerve center of products including airbag crash sensors, pressure sensors, biosensors and ink jet printer heads. Part of the MEMS cluster within the Micro & Nano Technologies Series, this book covers the fabrication techniques and applications of thick film piezoelectric micro electromechanical systems (MEMS). It includes examples of applications where the piezoelectric thick films have been used, illustrating how the fabrication process relates to the properties and performance of the resulting device. Other topics include: top-down and bottom-up fabrication of thick film MEMS, integration of thick films with other materials, effect of microstructure on properties, device performance, etc. Provides detailed guidance on the fabrication techniques and applications of thick film MEMS, for engineers and R&D groups. Written by a single author, this book provides a clear, coherently-written guide to this important emerging technology. Covers materials, fabrication and applications in one book.

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety

Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety
  • Author : Matthew Hull,Diana Bowman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-17
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0815519826
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Summary : This book tackles the debate over nanotechnology's environmental health and safety (EHS) by thoroughly explaining EHS issues, financial implications, foreseeable risks (i.e. exposure, dose, hazards of nanomaterials), and the implications of occupational hygiene precautions and consumer protections. Real-world case studies are included, e.g. the discussion of a leading chemical company's unusual pairing with the USA's largest environmental NGO, and an innovative program designed for small- to mid-sized businesses, which became a model approach for proactive nanotechnology EHS risk management. Considers the potential of nanotechnology from multiple perspectives (NGO, insurance industry, small business, etc) Provides guidance and advice for appropriate, proactive risk management strategies Reviews toxicological studies and industrial initiatives, documented with actual case studies Of significant interest to CEOs/CTOs of technology companies (SMEs), Health and Safety officers of technology companies (SMEs), Government officials (HSE), Toxicology experts, and venture capitalists

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology

Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology
  • Author : David J. Whitehouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-12-01
  • Total pages :1150
  • ISBN : 9781420034196
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Summary : The Handbook of Surface and Nanometrology explains and challenges current concepts in nanotechnology. It covers in great detail surface metrology and nanometrology and more importantly the areas where they overlap, thereby providing a quantitative means of controlling and predicting processes and performance. Trends and mechanisms are explained wit

Engineering Metrology and Measurements

Engineering Metrology and Measurements
  • Author : Raghavendra,,Krishnamurthy,
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05
  • Total pages :676
  • ISBN : 0198085494
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Summary : Engineering Metrology and Measurements is a textbook designed for students of mechanical, production and allied disciplines to facilitate learning of various shop-floor measurement techniques and also understand the basics of mechanical measurements.

Precision Nanometrology

Precision Nanometrology
  • Author : Wei Gao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-14
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 1849962545
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Summary : Precision Nanometrology describes the new field of precision nanometrology, which plays an important part in nanoscale manufacturing of semiconductors, optical elements, precision parts and similar items. It pays particular attention to the measurement of surface forms of precision workpieces and to stage motions of precision machines. The first half of the book is dedicated to the description of optical sensors for the measurement of angle and displacement, which are fundamental quantities for precision nanometrology. The second half presents a number of scanning-type measuring systems for surface forms and stage motions. The systems discussed include: • error separation algorithms and systems for measurement of straightness and roundness, • the measurement of micro-aspherics, • systems based on scanning probe microscopy, and • scanning image-sensor systems. Precision Nanometrology presents the fundamental and practical technologies of precision nanometrology with a helpful selection of algorithms, instruments and experimental data. It will be beneficial for researchers, engineers and postgraduate students involved in precision engineering, nanotechnology and manufacturing.

Hybrid Nanocomposites

Hybrid Nanocomposites
  • Author : Kaushik Pal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-11
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780429671159
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Summary : Understanding surfaces and interfaces is a key challenge for those working on hybrid nanomaterials and where new imaging and analysis spectroscopy/electron microscopy responses are vital. The variability and site recognition of biopolymers, such as DNA molecules, offer a wide range of opportunities for the self-organization of wire nanostructures into much more complex patterns, while the combination of 1D nanostructures consisting of biopolymers and inorganic compounds opens up a number of scientific and technological opportunities. This book discusses the novel synthesis of nanomaterials and their hybrid composites; nanobiocomposites; transition metal oxide nanocomposites; spectroscopic and electron microscopic studies; social, ethical, and regulatory implications of various aspects of nanotechnology; and significant foreseeable applications of some key hybrid nanomaterials. The book also looks at how technology might be used in the future, estimating, where possible, the likely timescales in which the most far-reaching applications of technology might become a reality. Current research trends and potential future advances, such as nanomaterials, nanometrology, electronics, optoelectronics, and nanobiotechnology, are discussed, in addition to the benefits they are currently providing in the short, medium, and long terms. Furthermore, the book explains the current and possible future industrial applications of nanotechnology, examines some of the barriers to its adoption by industry, and identifies what environmental, health and safety, ethical, or societal implications or uncertainties may arise from the use of the technology, both current and future.

Micromanufacturing Processes

Micromanufacturing Processes
  • Author : V.K. Jain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-15
  • Total pages :429
  • ISBN : 9781439852903
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Summary : Increased demand for and developments in micromanufacturing have created a need for a resource that covers both the science and technology of this rapidly growing area. With contributions from eminent professors and researchers actively engaged in teaching, research, and development, Micromanufacturing Processes details the basic principles, tools, techniques, and latest advances in micromanufacturing processes. It includes coverage of measurement techniques and research trends as well as a large number of cross-references, making it useful to the students and researchers alike. The book outlines the challenges faced not only in micromanufacturing but also in meso- and nanomanufacturing, exploring topics such as micromachining, micro welding, microforming, micromolding, nanofinishing and micro-/nano-metrology. It includes examples that demonstrate the capabilities of fabricating micro- / nano-products and micro- / nano-features on the macro and micro products. The text also discusses nanofinishing techniques giving surface finish in the domain of sub-nano level, micro welding techniques, namely, laser beam micro welding, electron beam micro welding, micro / nano patterning in large quantities, and micro / nano metrology principles and equipments. It goes on to describe devices such as nano spring, micro mixer, micro cantilever, to name just a few. Unique in its level of coverage, the book highlights new challenges in manufacturing and covers several different types of micromanufacturing processes, such as micromachining, microforming, microcasting, microjoining, nanofinishing, and micrometrology. The level of details, extensive references, figures, and diagrams make the book a reference that will become the standard for this field.

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology

Fundamentals of Nanotechnology
  • Author : Gabor L. Hornyak,John J. Moore,H.F. Tibbals,Joydeep Dutta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-14
  • Total pages :786
  • ISBN : 9781420048049
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Summary : WINNER 2009 CHOICE AWARD OUTSTANDING ACADEMIC TITLE! Nanotechnology is no longer a subdiscipline of chemistry, engineering, or any other field. It represents the convergence of many fields, and therefore demands a new paradigm for teaching. This textbook is for the next generation of nanotechnologists. It surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. This color text is an ideal companion to Introduction to Nanoscience by the same group of esteemed authors. Both titles are also available as the single volume Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

Fundamentals of Fluorescence Microscopy

Fundamentals of Fluorescence Microscopy
  • Author : Partha Pratim Mondal,Alberto Diaspro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-12
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9789400775459
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Summary : This book starts at an introductory level and leads reader to the most advanced topics in fluorescence imaging and super-resolution techniques that have enabled new developments such as nanobioimaging, multiphoton microscopy, nanometrology and nanosensors. The interdisciplinary subject of fluorescence microscopy and imaging requires complete knowledge of imaging optics and molecular physics. So, this book approaches the subject by introducing optical imaging concepts before going in more depth about advanced imaging systems and their applications. Additionally, molecular orbital theory is the important basis to present molecular physics and gain a complete understanding of light-matter interaction at the geometrical focus. The two disciplines have some overlap since light controls the molecular states of molecules and conversely, molecular states control the emitted light. These two mechanisms together determine essential imaging factors such as, molecular cross-section, Stoke shift, emission and absorption spectra, quantum yield, signal-to-noise ratio, Forster resonance energy transfer (FRET), fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) and fluorescence lifetime. These factors form the basis of many fluorescence based devices. The book is organized into two parts. The first part deals with basics of imaging optics and its applications. The advanced part takes care of several imaging techniques and related instrumentation that are developed in the last decade pointing towards far-field diffraction unlimited imaging.

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography
  • Author : Richard Leach
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-31
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 3642120121
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Summary : The measurement and characterisation of surface topography is crucial to modern manufacturing industry. The control of areal surface structure allows a manufacturer to radically alter the functionality of a part. Examples include structuring to effect fluidics, optics, tribology, aerodynamics and biology. To control such manufacturing methods requires measurement strategies. There is now a large range of new optical techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure areal surface topography. Each method has its strong points and limitations. The book starts with introductory chapters on optical instruments, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their calibration. Each type of modern optical instrument is described (in a common format) by an expert in the field. The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid

Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid
  • Author : Arturo M. Baró,Ronald G. Reifenberger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-14
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9783527327584
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Summary : About 40 % of current atomic force microscopy (AFM) research is performed in liquids, making liquid-based AFM a rapidly growing and important tool for the study of biological materials. This book focuses on the underlying principles and experimental aspects of AFM under liquid, with an easy-to-follow organization intended for new AFM scientists. The book also serves as an up-to-date review of new AFM techniques developed especially for biological samples. Aimed at physicists, materials scientists, biologists, analytical chemists, and medicinal chemists. An ideal reference book for libraries. From the contents: Part I: General Atomic Force Microscopy * AFM: Basic Concepts * Carbon Nanotube Tips in Atomic Force Microscopy with * Applications to Imaging in Liquid * Force Spectroscopy * Atomic Force Microscopy in Liquid * Fundamentals of AFM Cantilever Dynamics in Liquid * Environments * Single-Molecule Force Spectroscopy * High-Speed AFM for Observing Dynamic Processes in Liquid * Integration of AFM with Optical Microscopy Techniques Part II: Biological Applications * DNA and Protein-DNA Complexes * Single-Molecule Force Microscopy of Cellular Sensors * AFM-Based Single-Cell Force Spectroscopy * Nano-Surgical Manipulation of Living Cells with the AFM

Nanophotonics, Nanostructure, and Nanometrology

Nanophotonics, Nanostructure, and Nanometrology
  • Author : Xing Zhu,Stephen Yu Chou,Yasuhiko Arakawa,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : UOM:39015061762368
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Summary : Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.

Nanopositioning Technologies

Nanopositioning Technologies
  • Author : Changhai Ru,Xinyu Liu,Yu Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-22
  • Total pages :409
  • ISBN : 9783319238531
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Summary : This book covers the state-of-the-art technologies for positioning with nanometer resolutions and accuracies, particularly those based on piezoelectric actuators and MEMS actuators. The latest advances are described, including the design of nanopositioning devices, sensing and actuation technologies and control methods for nanopositioning. This is an ideal book for mechanical and electrical engineering students and researchers; micro and nanotechnology researchers and graduate students; as well as those working in the precision instrumentation or semiconductor industries.

Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles

Optical Properties of Metallic Nanoparticles
  • Author : Andreas Trügler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-29
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 9783319250748
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Summary : This book introduces the fascinating world of plasmonics and physics at the nanoscale, with a focus on simulations and the theoretical aspects of optics and nanotechnology. A research field with numerous applications, plasmonics bridges the gap between the micrometer length scale of light and the secrets of the nanoworld. This is achieved by binding light to charge density oscillations of metallic nanostructures, so-called surface plasmons, which allow electromagnetic radiation to be focussed down to spots as small as a few nanometers. The book is a snapshot of recent and ongoing research and at the same time outlines our present understanding of the optical properties of metallic nanoparticles, ranging from the tunability of plasmonic resonances to the ultrafast dynamics of light-matter interaction. Beginning with a gentle introduction that highlights the basics of plasmonic interactions and plasmon imaging, the author then presents a suitable theoretical framework for the description of metallic nanostructures. This model based on this framework is first solved analytically for simple systems, and subsequently through numerical simulations for more general cases where, for example, surface roughness, nonlinear and nonlocal effects or metamaterials are investigated.

Nanoelectronic Materials

Nanoelectronic Materials
  • Author : Loutfy H. Madkour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-27
  • Total pages :783
  • ISBN : 9783030216214
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Summary : This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?