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Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Supercapacitor Applications of 2D Materials
  • Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray J. Late
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-06-01
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 9780128219942
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Summary : Fundamentals and Applications of Supercapacitor 2D Materials covers different aspects of supercapacitor 2D materials, including their important properties, synthesis, and recent developments in supercapacitor applications of engineered 2D materials. In addition, theoretical investigations and various types of supercapacitors based on 2D materials such as symmetric, asymmetric, flexible, and micro-supercapacitors are covered. This book is a useful resource for research scientists, engineers, and students in the fields of supercapacitors, 2D nanomaterials, and energy storage devices. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, which is suitable for the fabrication of highly-packed energy supplier/storage devices with enhanced energy and power density. The flexibility of 2D materials, and their good mechanical properties and high packing densities, make them suitable for the development of thin, flexible, and wearable devices. Explores recent developments and looks at the importance of 2D materials in energy storage technologies Presents both the theoretical and DFT related studies Discusses the impact on performance of various operating conditions Includes a brief overview of the applications of supercapacitors in various industries, including aerospace, defense, biomedical, environmental, energy, and automotive

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials

Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials
  • Author : Chandra Sekhar Rout,Dattatray Late,Hywel Morgan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780081025789
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Summary : Fundamentals and Sensing Applications of 2D Materials provides a comprehensive understanding of a wide range of 2D materials. Examples of fundamental topics include: defect and vacancy engineering, doping and advantages of 2D materials for sensing, 2D materials and composites for sensing, and 2D materials in biosystems. A wide range of applications are addressed, such as gas sensors based on 2D materials, electrochemical glucose sensors, biosensors (enzymatic and non-enzymatic), and printed, stretchable, wearable and flexible biosensors. Due to their sub-nanometer thickness, 2D materials have a high packing density, thus making them suitable for the fabrication of thin film based sensor devices. Benefiting from their unique physical and chemical properties (e.g. strong mechanical strength, high surface area, unparalleled thermal conductivity, remarkable biocompatibility and ease of functionalization), 2D layered nanomaterials have shown great potential in designing high performance sensor devices. Provides a comprehensive overview of 2D materials systems that are relevant to sensing, including transition metal dichalcogenides, metal oxides, graphene and other 2D materials system Includes information on potential applications, such as flexible sensors, biosensors, optical sensors, electrochemical sensors, and more Discusses graphene in terms of the lessons learned from this material for sensing applications and how these lessons can be applied to other 2D materials

MXenes: Fundamentals and Applications

MXenes: Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : Abdullah M. Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-20
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9781644900246
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Summary : This is the very first book on the highly promising topic of MXenes; focusing on their fundamental characteristics and properties, fabrication techniques and applications. MXenes are two-dimensional materials consisting of few atoms thick layers of transition metal carbides or nitrides. These are characterized by high electrical conductivity, good hydrophilicity, chemical stability, and ultrathin 2D sheet-like morphology. Applications in the energy, environmental, biomedical and electronic industries include catalysis, membrane separation, supercapacitors, hybrid-ion capacitors, batteries, flexible electronics, hydrogen storage, nanoelectronics, and sensors.

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials
  • Author : Satyabrata Jit,Santanu Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128176788
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Summary : 2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications assesses the current status and future prospects for 2D materials other than graphene (e.g., BN nanosheets, MoS2, NbSe2, WS2, etc.) that have already been contemplated for both low-end and high-end technological applications. The book offers an overview of the different synthesis techniques for 2D materials and their heterostructures, with a detailed explanation of the many potential future applications. It provides an informed overview and fundamentals properties related to the 2D Transition metal dichalcogenide materials and their heterostructures. The book helps researchers to understand the progress of this field and points the way to future research in this area.

Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials
  • Author : Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780081021545
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Summary : Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

Advances in Supercapacitor and Supercapattery

Advances in Supercapacitor and Supercapattery
  • Author : Mohammad Khalid,Numan Arshid,Nirmala Grace
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-05
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9780128204030
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Summary : Advances in Supercapacitor and Supercapattery: Innovations in Energy Storage Devices provides a deep insight into energy storage systems and their applications. The first two chapters cover the detailed background, fundamental charge storage mechanism and the various types of supercapacitor. The third chapter give details about the hybrid device (Supercapattery) which comprises of battery and capacitive electrode. The main advantages of Supercapattery over batteries and supercapacitor are discussed in this chapter. The preceding three chapters cover the electrode materials used for supercapattery. The electrolyte is a major part that significantly contributes to the performance of the device. Therefore, different kinds of electrolytes and their suitability are discussed in chapter 6 and 7. The book concludes with a look at the potential applications of supercapattery, challenges and future prospective. This book is beneficial for research scientists, engineers and students who are interested in the latest developments and fundamentals of energy storage mechanism and clarifies the misleading concepts in this field. Presents the three classes of energy storage devices and clarifies the difference between between pseudocapacitor and battery grade material Covers the synthesis strategies to enhance the overall performance of the supercapacitor device (including power density) Explains the energy storage mechanism based on the fundamental concept of physics and electrochemistry

Graphene Materials

Graphene Materials
  • Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Mikael Syväjärvi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-20
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781119131823
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Summary : Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and EmergingApplications brings together innovative methodologies withresearch and development strategies to provide a detailedstate-of-the-art overview of the processing, properties, andtechnology developments of graphene materials and theirwide-ranging applications. The applications areas covered arebiosensing, energy storage, environmental monitoring, andhealth. The book discusses the various methods that have been developedfor the preparation and functionalization of single-layeredgraphene nanosheets. These form the essential building blocks forthe bottom-up architecture of various graphene materials becausethey possess unique physico-chemical properties such as largesurface areas, good conductivity and mechanical strength, highthermal stability and desirable flexibility. The electronicbehavior in graphene, such as dirac fermions obtained due to theinteraction with the ions of the lattice, has led to the discoveryof novel miracles like Klein tunneling in carbon-based solid statesystems and the so-called half-integer quantum Hall effect. Thecombination of these properties makes graphene a highly desirablematerial for applications. In particular, Graphene Materials: Fundamentals and EmergingApplications has chapters covering: • Graphene and related two-dimensional nanomaterials • Surface functionalization of graphene • Functional three-dimensional graphene networks • Covalent graphene-polymer nanocomposites • Magnesium matrix composites reinforced with graphenenanoplatelets • Graphene derivatives for energy storage • Graphene nanocomposite for high performance supercapacitors • Graphene nanocomposite-based bulk hetro-junction solar cells • Graphene bimetallic nanocatalysts foam for energy storage andbiosensing • Graphene nanocomposites-based for electrochemical sensors • Graphene electrodes for health and environmental monitoring

Inorganic Nanosheets and Nanosheet-Based Materials

Inorganic Nanosheets and Nanosheet-Based Materials
  • Author : Teruyuki Nakato,Jun Kawamata,Shinsuke Takagi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-18
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9784431564966
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Summary : This book focuses on inorganic nanosheets, including various oxides, chalcogenides, and graphenes, that provide two-dimensional (2D) media to develop materials chemistry in broad fields such as electronics, photonics, environmental science, and biology. The application area of nanosheets and nanosheet-based materials covers the analytical, photochemical, optical, biological, energetic, and environmental research fields. All of these applications come from the low dimensionality of the nanosheets, which anisotropically regulate structures of solids, microspaces, and fluids. Understanding nanosheets from chemical, structural, and application aspects in relation to their "fully nanoscopic" characters will help materials scientists to develop novel advanced materials. This is the first book that accurately and concisely summarizes this field including exfoliation and intercalation chemistries of layered crystals. The book provides perspective on the materials chemistry of inorganic nanosheets. The first section describes fundamental aspects of nanosheets common to diverse applications: how unique structures and properties are obtained from nanosheets based on low dimensionality. The second section presents state-of-the-art descriptions of how the 2D nature of nanosheets is utilized in each application of the materials that are developed.

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials

Graphene and Related Nanomaterials
  • Author : Paolo Bondavalli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-26
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780323481021
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Summary : Graphene and Related Nanomaterials: Properties and Applications outlines the physics and the applications of graphene-related materials, including graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes. The first chapter introduces the physics of graphene and related nanomaterials. The following sections deal with different applications spanning from gas sensors to non-volatile memories and supercapacitors. The book also covers spintronics for graphene. In each chapter, specific applications are explained in a detailed way. This book will appeal to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used. Explains how particular physical properties of graphene make it suitable for specific applications Explores current applications in sensing and energy Assesses the challenges of using carbon nanomaterials in engineering and evaluates future opportunities Appeals to materials scientists and engineers looking to understand more about the nature of graphene and how it is currently being used

2D and 3D Graphene Nanocomposites

2D and 3D Graphene Nanocomposites
  • Author : Olga E. Glukhova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-31
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780429510175
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Summary : In recent decades, graphene composites have received considerable attention due to their unique structural features and extraordinary properties. 2D and 3D graphene hybrid structures are widely used in memory, microelectronic, and optoelectronic devices; energy- and power-density supercapacitors; light-emitting diodes; and sensors, batteries, and solar cells. This book covers the fundamental properties of the latest graphene-based 2D and 3D composite materials. The book is a result of the collective work of many highly qualified specialists in the field of experimental and theoretical research on graphene and its derivatives. It describes experimental methods for obtaining and characterizing samples of chemically modified graphene, details conceptual foundations of popular methods for computer modeling of graphene nanostructures, and compiles original computational techniques developed by the chapter authors. It discusses the potential application areas and modifications of graphene-based 2D and 3D composite materials and interprets the interesting physical effects discovered for the first time for graphene materials under consideration. The book is useful for graduate students and researchers as well as specialists in industrial engineering. It will also appeal to those involved in materials science, condensed matter physics, nanotechnology, physical electronics, nano- and optoelectronics.

Two-dimensional Materials

Two-dimensional Materials
  • Author : Pramoda Kumar Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :280
  • ISBN : 9789535125549
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Summary : There are only a few discoveries and new technologies in materials science that have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Discovery of two-dimensional (2D) materials, the thinnest form of materials to ever occur in nature, is one of them. After isolation of graphene from graphite in 2004, a whole other class of atomically thin materials, dominated by surface effects and showing completely unexpected and extraordinary properties, has been created. This book provides a comprehensive view and state-of-the-art knowledge about 2D materials such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD) and so on. It consists of 11 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field and provides latest synthesis techniques of 2D materials, characterization and their potential applications in energy conservation, electronics, optoelectronics and biotechnology.

Graphene Oxide

Graphene Oxide
  • Author : Ayrat M. Dimiev,Siegfied Eigler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-27
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781119069416
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Summary : Due to its unique properties, graphene oxide has become one of the most studied materials of the last decade and a great variety of applications have been reported in areas such as sensors, catalysis and biomedical applications. This comprehensive volume systematically describes the fundamental aspects and applications of graphene oxide. The book is designed as an introduction to the topic, so each chapter begins with a discussion on fundamental concepts, then proceeds to review and summarize recent advances in the field. Divided into two parts, the first part covers fundamental aspects of graphene oxide and includes chapters on formation and chemical structure, characterization methods, reduction methods, rheology and optical properties of graphene oxide solutions. Part Two covers numerous graphene oxide applications including field effect transistors, transparent conductive films, sensors, energy harvesting and storage, membranes, composite materials, catalysis and biomedical applications. In each case the differences and advantages of graphene oxide over its non-oxidised counterpart are discussed. The book concludes with a chapter on the challenges of industrial-scale graphene oxide production. Graphene Oxide: Fundamentals and Applications is a valuable reference for academic researchers, and industry scientists interested in graphene oxide, graphene and other carbon materials.

2D Metal Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes)

2D Metal Carbides and Nitrides (MXenes)
  • Author : Babak Anasori,Yury Gogotsi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9783030190262
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Summary : This book describes the rapidly expanding field of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal carbides and nitrides (MXenes). It covers fundamental knowledge on synthesis, structure, and properties of these new materials, and a description of their processing, scale-up and emerging applications. The ways in which the quickly expanding family of MXenes can outperform other novel nanomaterials in a variety of applications, spanning from energy storage and conversion to electronics; from water science to transportation; and in defense and medical applications, are discussed in detail.

Nanomaterials for Supercapacitors

Nanomaterials for Supercapacitors
  • Author : Ling Bing Kong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9781498758437
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Summary : New materials hold the key to fundamental advances in energy conversion and storage, both of which are vital in order to meet the challenge of global warming and the finite nature of fossil fuels. Nanomaterials in particular offer unique properties or combinations of properties as electrodes and electrolytes in a range of energy devices. Supercapacitors have been widely acknowledged to be promising devices for energy storage. This book describes the latest progress in the discovery and development of nanoelectrolytes and nanoelectrodes for supercapacitor applications.

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications

2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications
  • Author : Spyridon Zafeiratos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-22
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780128168899
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Summary : 2D Nanomaterials for Energy Applications: Graphene and Beyond discusses the current state-of-the art of 2D nanomaterials used in energy-related applications. Sections cover nanogenerators, hydrogen storage and theoretical design. Each chapter focuses on a different energy application, thus allowing readers to gain a greater understanding of the most promising 2D materials in the field. The book's ultimate goal lies in describing how each energy technology is beneficial, hence it provides a valuable reference source for materials scientists and engineers. The physical and chemical properties of 2D materials can be effectively tuned through different strategies, such as controlling dimensions, the crystallographic structure and defects, or doping with heteroatoms. This flexibility facilitates the design of 2D materials for dedicated applications in the field of energy conversion and storage. Offers a single source for the major practical applications of 2D materials in the field of energy conversion and storage Explores how 2D materials are being used to create new, more efficient industrial energy products and devices Compares a variety of 2D materials, showing how the properties of a range of these materials make them beneficial for specific energy applications

Nanoscience: Volume 6

Nanoscience: Volume 6
  • Author : Neerish Revaprasadu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :173
  • ISBN : 9781788016933
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Summary : The field of nanoscience continues to grow and, with such a vast landscape of material, careful distillation of the most important discoveries will help researchers find the key information they require. Nanoscience provides a critical and comprehensive assessment of the most recent research and opinion from across the globe. Topics covered in this volume include metal halide perovskite nanomaterials, properties and applications, nanoparticles and nanocomposites for new permanent magnets and graphene-based materials for energy conversion applications. Anyone practising in any nano-allied field, or wishing to enter the nano-world will benefit from this resource, presenting the current thought and applications of nanoscience.

Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage

Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage
  • Author : Kuan Yew Cheong,Giuliana Impellizzeri,Mariana Amorim Fraga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-31
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 0128137940
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Summary : Emerging Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage presents the state-of-art of emerging materials for energy conversion technologies (solar cells and fuel cells) and energy storage technologies (batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage). The book is organized into five primary sections, each with three chapters authored by worldwide experts in the fields of materials science, physics, chemistry and engineering. It covers the fundamentals, functionalities, challenges and prospects of different classes of emerging materials, such as wide bandgap semiconductors, oxides, carbon-based nanostructures, advanced ceramics, chalcogenide nanostructures, and flexible organic electronics nanomaterials. The book is an important reference for students and researchers (from academics, but also industry) interested in understanding the properties of emerging materials. Explores the fundamentals, challenges and prospects for the application of emerging materials in the development of energy conversion and storage devices Presents a discussion of solar cell and photovoltaic, fuel cell, battery electrode, supercapacitor and hydrogen storage applications Includes notable examples of energy devices based on emerging materials to illustrate recent advances in this field

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery

Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery
  • Author : Aiping Yu,Victor Chabot,Jiujun Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :373
  • ISBN : 9781439869901
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Summary : Although recognized as an important component of all energy storage and conversion technologies, electrochemical supercapacitators (ES) still face development challenges in order to reach their full potential. A thorough examination of development in the technology during the past decade, Electrochemical Supercapacitors for Energy Storage and Delivery: Fundamentals and Applications provides a comprehensive introduction to the ES from technical and practical aspects and crystallization of the technology, detailing the basics of ES as well as its components and characterization techniques. The book illuminates the practical aspects of understanding and applying the technology within the industry and provides sufficient technical detail of newer materials being developed by experts in the field which may surface in the future. The book discusses the technical challenges and the practical limitations and their associated parameters in ES technology. It also covers the structure and options for device packaging and materials choices such as electrode materials, electrolyte, current collector, and sealants based on comparison of available data. Supplying an in depth understanding of the components, design, and characterization of electrochemical supercapacitors, the book has wide-ranging appeal to industry experts and those new to the field. It can be used as a reference to apply to current work and a resource to foster ideas for new devices that will further the technology as it becomes a larger part of main stream energy storage.

Novel Nanomaterials for Supercapacitors

Novel Nanomaterials for Supercapacitors
  • Author : Manoj Kumar Ram
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-01
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780323480604
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Summary : Novel Nanomaterials for Supercapacities shows how novel nanomaterials are used to help create more efficient supercapcitor systems. The book addresses the fundamentals of electrochemistry, kinetics of supercapacitor, synthesis, processes and characterizations of advanced electrode materials (2D, 3D, hydrid, graphene, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, dichalcogenides, aerogel, dielectric etc.). The arrangement of cells for development of advanced symmetric and asymmetric liquid and solid supercapacitors using advanced materials and electrolytes are revealed in the book. he book features research from a team of interenatlly resepected academics, and highlights important current and potential future applications. This book will be an important reference for materials scientists, electrical engineers and researchers working in the area of energy storage wanting to see how nanomaterials can help to create more efficient systems and devices. Explores how the use of nanomaterials leads to the creation of more powerful, more efficient supercapacities Includes coverage of cutting-edge design, study and configuration of supercapacitor, benefitting the academic, industrial and technological sectors Explains the ways nanomaterials have been used in supercapacity creation so far, and suggests potential future applications

Nanoelectronic Materials

Nanoelectronic Materials
  • Author : Loutfy H. Madkour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-27
  • Total pages :783
  • ISBN : 9783030216214
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Summary : This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?

Morphology Design Paradigms for Supercapacitors

Morphology Design Paradigms for Supercapacitors
  • Author : Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohammad Faraz Ahmer,Abdullah Mohamed Asiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-23
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9780429553929
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Summary : Nanostructured electrode materials have exhibited unrivaled electrochemical properties in creating elite supercapacitors. Morphology Design Paradigm for Supercapacitors presents the latest advances in the improvement of supercapacitors, a result of the incorporation of nanomaterials into the design – from zero-dimensional to three-dimensional, and microporous to mesoporous. The book includes a comprehensive description of capacitive practices at the levels of sub-atomic and nanoscales. These have the ability to enhance device performance for an extensive assortment of potential applications, including consumer electronics, wearable gadgets, hybrid electric vehicles, stationary and industrial frameworks. Key Features: Provides readers with a clear understanding of the implementation of these materials as electrodes in electrochemical supercapacitors. Covers recent material designs and an extensive scope of electrode materials such as 0D to 3D. Explores recent nanostructured-system material designs that have been created and tested in supercapacitor configurations. Considers microporous to mesoporous supercapacitor electrode materials. Features the impact of nanostructures on the properties of supercapacitors, including specific capacitance, cycle stability, and rate capability.