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Fundamentals of Meg and Eeg

Fundamentals of Meg and Eeg
  • Author : Matti Hamalainen,Risto Ilmoniemi,Lauri Parkkonen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-15
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 0128164565
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Summary : Fundamentals of MEG and EEG: Biophysics, Instrumentation, and Data Analysis gives graduate students and researchers a technical understanding of the fundamentals of MEG and EEG that will enable them to: Gain expertise in the state-of-the-art of MEG and EEG Understand the generation, measurement, and modeling of electromagnetic brain signals Understand the relationship of MEG/EEG with other brain imaging methods Design MEG / EEG measurement systems and evaluate their performance Develop and evaluate data analysis methods A well-integrated and systematic presentation of the principles and their application, using a common notation Authored by the leading people in the field On-line examples implemented in (MNE-) Python

MEG-EEG Primer

MEG-EEG Primer
  • Author : Riitta Hari,Aina Puce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :327
  • ISBN : 9780190497774
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Summary : This work provides newcomers and more experienced researchers with the very basics of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG)-two noninvasive methods that can inform about the neurodynamics of the human brain on a millisecond scale. These two closely related methods are addressed side by side, starting from their physical and physiological bases and then advancing to methods of data acquisition, analysis, visualization, and interpretation

Neuroimaging of Sleep and Sleep Disorders

Neuroimaging of Sleep and Sleep Disorders
  • Author : Eric Nofzinger,Pierre Maquet,Michael J. Thorpy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-07
  • Total pages :439
  • ISBN : 9781107018631
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Summary : An up-to-date, superbly illustrated practical guide to the effective use of neuroimaging in the patient with sleep disorders. The only book to date to provide comprehensive coverage of this topic. A must for all healthcare workers interested in understanding the causes, consequences and treatment of sleep disorders.

MEG

MEG
  • Author : Peter Hansen,Morten Kringelbach,Riitta Salmelin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-01
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 0199719136
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Summary : Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an exciting brain imaging technology that allows real-time tracking of neural activity, making it an invaluable tool for advancing our understanding of brain function. In this comprehensive introduction to MEG, Peter Hansen, Morten Kringelbach, and Riitta Salmelin have brought together the leading researchers to provide the basic tools for planning and executing MEG experiments, as well as analyzing and interpreting the resulting data. Chapters on the basics describe the fundamentals of MEG and its instrumentation, and provide guidelines for designing experiments and performing successful measurements. Chapters on data analysis present it in detail, from general concepts and assumptions to analysis of evoked responses and oscillatory background activity. Chapters on solutions propose potential solutions to the inverse problem using techniques such as minimum norm estimates, spatial filters and beamformers. Chapters on combinations elucidate how MEG can be used to complement other neuroimaging techniques. Chapters on applications provide practical examples of how to use MEG to study sensory processing and cognitive tasks, and how MEG can be used in a clinical setting. These chapters form a complete basic reference source for those interested in exploring or already using MEG that will hopefully inspire them to try to develop new, exciting approaches to designing and analyzing their own studies. This book will be a valuable resource for researchers from diverse fields, including neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, medical imaging, computer modelling, as well as for clinical practitioners.

Brain Signals

Brain Signals
  • Author : Risto J. Ilmoniemi,Jukka Sarvas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-28
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780262039826
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Summary : A unified treatment of the generation and analysis of brain-generated electromagnetic fields. In Brain Signals, Risto Ilmoniemi and Jukka Sarvas present the basic physical and mathematical principles of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG), describing what kind of information is available in the neuroelectromagnetic field and how the measured MEG and EEG signals can be analyzed. Unlike most previous works on these topics, which have been collections of writings by different authors using different conventions, this book presents the material in a unified manner, providing the reader with a thorough understanding of basic principles and a firm basis for analyzing data generated by MEG and EEG. The book first provides a brief introduction to brain states and the early history of EEG and MEG, describes the generation of electromagnetic fields by neuronal activity, and discusses the electromagnetic forward problem. The authors then turn to EEG and MEG analysis, offering a review of linear and matrix algebra and basic statistics needed for analysis of the data, and presenting several analysis methods: dipole fitting; the minimum norm estimate (MNE); beamforming; the multiple signal classification algorithm (MUSIC), including RAP-MUSIC with the RAP dilemma and TRAP-MUSIC, which removes the RAP dilemma; independent component analysis (ICA); and blind source separation (BSS) with joint diagonalization.

Magnetoencephalography

Magnetoencephalography
  • Author : Selma Supek,Cheryl J. Aine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-07
  • Total pages :1013
  • ISBN : 9783642330452
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Summary : Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is an invaluable functional brain imaging technique that provides direct, real-time monitoring of neuronal activity necessary for gaining insight into dynamic cortical networks. Our intentions with this book are to cover the richness and transdisciplinary nature of the MEG field, make it more accessible to newcomers and experienced researchers and to stimulate growth in the MEG area. The book presents a comprehensive overview of MEG basics and the latest developments in methodological, empirical and clinical research, directed toward master and doctoral students, as well as researchers. There are three levels of contributions: 1) tutorials on instrumentation, measurements, modeling, and experimental design; 2) topical reviews providing extensive coverage of relevant research topics; and 3) short contributions on open, challenging issues, future developments and novel applications. The topics range from neuromagnetic measurements, signal processing and source localization techniques to dynamic functional networks underlying perception and cognition in both health and disease. Topical reviews cover, among others: development on SQUID-based and novel sensors, multi-modal integration (low field MRI and MEG; EEG and fMRI), Bayesian approaches to multi-modal integration, direct neuronal imaging, novel noise reduction methods, source-space functional analysis, decoding of brain states, dynamic brain connectivity, sensory-motor integration, MEG studies on perception and cognition, thalamocortical oscillations, fetal and neonatal MEG, pediatric MEG studies, cognitive development, clinical applications of MEG in epilepsy, pre-surgical mapping, stroke, schizophrenia, stuttering, traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, autism, aging and neurodegeneration, MEG applications in cognitive neuropharmacology and an overview of the major open-source analysis tools.

Electroencephalography

Electroencephalography
  • Author : Ernst Niedermeyer,F. H. Lopes da Silva
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :1309
  • ISBN : 0781751268
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Summary : Established in 1982 as the leading reference on electroencephalography, Drs. Niedermeyer's and Lopes da Silva's text is now in its thoroughly updated Fifth Edition. An international group of experts provides comprehensive coverage of the neurophysiologic and technical aspects of EEG, evoked potentials, and magnetoencephalography, as well as the clinical applications of these studies in neonates, infants, children, adults, and older adults. This edition includes digital EEG and advances in areas such as neurocognition. Three new chapters cover the topics of Ultra-Fast EEG Frequencies, Ultra-Slow Activity, and Cortico-Muscular Coherence. Hundreds of EEG tracings and other illustrations complement the text.

EEG/MEG Source Reconstruction

EEG/MEG Source Reconstruction
  • Author : Thomas R. Knösche,Jens Haueisen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-02
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 3030749169
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Summary : This textbook provides a comprehensive and didactic introduction from the basics to the current state of the art in the field of EEG/MEG source reconstruction. Reconstructing the generators or sources of electroencephalographic and magnetoencephalographic (EEG/MEG) signals is an important problem in basic neuroscience as well as clinical research and practice. Over the past few decades, an entire theory, together with a whole collection of algorithms and techniques, has developed. In this textbook, the authors provide a unified perspective on a broad range of EEG/MEG source reconstruction methods, with particular emphasis on their respective assumptions about sources, data, head tissues, and sensor properties. An introductory chapter highlights the concept of brain imaging and the particular importance of the neuroelectromagnetic inverse problem. This is followed by an in-depth discussion of neural information processing and brain signal generation and an introduction to the practice of data acquisition. Next, the relevant mathematical models for the sources of EEG and MEG are discussed in detail, followed by the neuroelectromagnetic forward problem, that is, the prediction of EEG or MEG signals from those source models, using biophysical descriptions of the head tissues and the sensors. The main part of this textbook is dedicated to the source reconstruction methods. The authors present a theoretical framework of the neuroelectromagnetic inverse problem, centered on Bayes’ theorem, which then serves as the basis for a detailed description of a large variety of techniques, including dipole fit methods, distributed source reconstruction, spatial filters, and dynamic source reconstruction methods. The final two chapters address the important topic of assessment, including verification and validation of source reconstruction methods, and their actual application to real-world scientific and clinical questions. This book is intended as basic reading for anybody who is engaged with EEG/MEG source reconstruction, be it as a method developer or as a user, including advanced undergraduate students, PhD students, and postdocs in neuroscience, biomedical engineering, and related fields.

Functional Neuroimaging in Clinical Populations

Functional Neuroimaging in Clinical Populations
  • Author : Frank G. Hillary,John DeLuca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-06
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9781593854799
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Summary : Bringing together leading experts, this volume reviews cutting-edge applications of neuroimaging techniques in the study of brain injury, brain disease, and normal aging. It provides up-to-date descriptions of EEG, MEG, PET, and fMRI; discusses salient methodological issues; and presents significant clinical advances that have been brought about through the use of these procedures. Specific disorders addressed include epilepsy, aphasia, traumatic brain injury, multiple sclerosis, alcoholism, autism, schizophrenia, and stroke. Analyzing what functional imaging has revealed about the causes and mechanisms of sensory, motor, and cognitive disturbances associated with these conditions, the book also explores implications for improving cognitive rehabilitation. More than 60 illustrations, including 24 in full color.

Handbook of Sport Neuroscience and Psychophysiology

Handbook of Sport Neuroscience and Psychophysiology
  • Author : Roland Carlstedt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-09
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9781317528722
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Summary : Out of the broad arena of sport science and sport psychology, Roland A. Carlstedt presents a comprehensive collection on the neuroscience and associated psychophysiology that underlies and drives sport performance. Featuring sections ranging from the basics and foundations (anatomy and physiology) to the applied (assessment during competition, training, and mental training), Handbook of Sport Neuroscience and Psychophysiology is the first volume to provide students, researchers, practitioners, and coaches the latest knowledge on the brain, mind-body processes, and psychophysiological responding in the context of sport performance.

Adaptive Processing of Brain Signals

Adaptive Processing of Brain Signals
  • Author : Saeid Sanei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-28
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781118622148
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Summary : In this book, the field of adaptive learning and processing is extended to arguably one of its most important contexts which is the understanding and analysis of brain signals. No attempt is made to comment on physiological aspects of brain activity; instead, signal processing methods are developed and used to assist clinical findings. Recent developments in detection, estimation and separation of diagnostic cues from different modality neuroimaging systems are discussed. These include constrained nonlinear signal processing techniques which incorporate sparsity, nonstationarity, multimodal data, and multiway techniques. Key features: Covers advanced and adaptive signal processing techniques for the processing of electroencephalography (EEG) and magneto-encephalography (MEG) signals, and their correlation to the corresponding functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) Provides advanced tools for the detection, monitoring, separation, localising and understanding of functional, anatomical, and physiological abnormalities of the brain Puts a major emphasis on brain dynamics and how this can be evaluated for the assessment of brain activity in various states such as for brain-computer interfacing emotions and mental fatigue analysis Focuses on multimodal and multiway adaptive processing of brain signals, the new direction of brain signal research

Adaptive Spatial Filters for Electromagnetic Brain Imaging

Adaptive Spatial Filters for Electromagnetic Brain Imaging
  • Author : Kensuke Sekihara,Srikatan S. Nagarajan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-30
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 9783540793700
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Summary : Neural activity in the human brain generates coherent synaptic and intracellular currents in cortical columns that create electromagnetic signals which can be measured outside the head using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG). Electromagnetic brain imaging refers to techniques that reconstruct neural activity from MEG and EEG signals. Electromagnetic brain imaging is unique among functional imaging techniques for its ability to provide spatio-temporal brain activation profiles that reflect not only where the activity occurs in the brain but also when this activity occurs in relation to external and internal cognitive events, as well as to activity in other brain regions. Adaptive spatial filters are powerful algorithms for electromagnetic brain imaging that enable high-fidelity reconstruction of neuronal activity. This book describes the technical advances of adaptive spatial filters for electromagnetic brain imaging by integrating and synthesizing available information and describes various factors that affect its performance. The intended audience include graduate students and researchers interested in the methodological aspects of electromagnetic brain imaging.

EEG/ERP Analysis

EEG/ERP Analysis
  • Author : Kamel Nidal,Aamir Saeed Malik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-23
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9781482224719
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Summary : Changes in the neurological functions of the human brain are often a precursor to numerous degenerative diseases. Advanced EEG systems and other monitoring systems used in preventive diagnostic procedures incorporate innovative features for brain monitoring functions such as real-time automated signal processing techniques and sophisticated amplifiers. Highlighting the US, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Korea, China, and many other areas, EEG/ERP Analysis: Methods and Applications examines how researchers from various disciplines have started to work in the field of brain science, and explains the different techniques used for processing EEG/ERP data. Engineers can learn more about the clinical applications, while clinicians and biomedical scientists can familiarize themselves with the technical aspects and theoretical approaches. This book explores the recent advances involved in EEG/ERP analysis for brain monitoring, details successful EEG and ERP applications, and presents the neurological aspects in a simplified way so that those with an engineering background can better design clinical instruments. It consists of 13 chapters and includes the advanced techniques used for signal enhancement, source localization, data fusion, classification, and quantitative EEG. In addition, some of the chapters are contributed by neurologists and neurosurgeons providing the clinical aspects of EEG/ERP analysis. Covers a wide range of EEG/ERP applications with state-of-the-art techniques for denoising, analysis, and classification Examines new applications related to 3D display devices Includes MATLAB® codes EEG/ERP Analysis: Methods and Applications is a resource for biomedical and neuroscience scientists who are working on neural signal processing and interpretation, and biomedical engineers who are working on EEG/ERP signal analysis methods and developing clinical instrumentation. It can also assist neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, and postgraduate students doing research in neural engineering, as well as electronic engineers in neural signal processing and instrumentation.

The Epileptic Focus

The Epileptic Focus
  • Author : Heinz Gregor Wieser,E. H. Speckmann,Jerome Engel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0861960629
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Summary :

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data

Analyzing Neural Time Series Data
  • Author : Mike X Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-17
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780262019873
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Summary : A comprehensive guide to the conceptual, mathematical, and implementational aspects of analyzing electrical brain signals, including data from MEG, EEG, and LFP recordings.

Multi-Modality Neuroimaging Study on Neurobiological Mechanisms of Acupuncture

Multi-Modality Neuroimaging Study on Neurobiological Mechanisms of Acupuncture
  • Author : Jie Tian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-29
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9789811049149
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Summary : This book introduces essential advances in acupuncture studies using multi-modality neuroimaging, which provides insights into how specific brain networks are involved in acupuncture effects in humans. Stimulating different acupoints to treat various clinical conditions is usually accompanied by multi-dimensional physiological as well as psychological responses, which are regulated by the central nervous system. The book addresses disease-specific neural correlates and acupuncture-targeted regulatory encoding in the brain, and explains the temporal-spatial encoding in brain networks to clarify the acupuncture mechanisms. By highlighting the targeting mechanisms of typical indications of acupuncture, this book provides a scientific explanation for acupuncture therapy.

Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience

Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Author : Nicole M. Gage,Bernard Baars
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-14
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9780128038390
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Summary : Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience: A Beginner's Guide, Second Edition, is a comprehensive, yet accessible, beginner’s guide on cognitive neuroscience. This text takes a distinctive, commonsense approach to help newcomers easily learn the basics of how the brain functions when we learn, act, feel, speak and socialize. This updated edition includes contents and features that are both academically rigorous and engaging, including a step-by-step introduction to the visible brain, colorful brain illustrations, and new chapters on emerging topics in cognition research, including emotion, sleep and disorders of consciousness, and discussions of novel findings that highlight cognitive neuroscience’s practical applications. Written by two leading experts in the field and thoroughly updated, this book remains an indispensable introduction to the study of cognition. Presents an easy-to-read introduction to mind-brain science based on a simple functional diagram linked to specific brain functions Provides new, up-to-date, colorful brain images directly from research labs Contains "In the News" boxes that describe the newest research and augment foundational content Includes both a student and instructor website with basic terms and definitions, chapter guides, study questions, drawing exercises, downloadable lecture slides, test bank, flashcards, sample syllabi and links to multimedia resources

Biosignal Processing

Biosignal Processing
  • Author : Hualou Liang,Joseph D. Bronzino,Donald R. Peterson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-17
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9781439871430
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Summary : With the rise of advanced computerized data collection systems, monitoring devices, and instrumentation technologies, large and complex datasets accrue as an inevitable part of biomedical enterprise. The availability of these massive amounts of data offers unprecedented opportunities to advance our understanding of underlying biological and physiological functions, structures, and dynamics. Biosignal Processing: Principles and Practices provides state-of-the-art coverage of contemporary methods in biosignal processing with an emphasis on brain signal analysis. After introducing the fundamentals, it presents emerging methods for brain signal processing, focusing on specific non-invasive imaging techniques such as electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIR). In addition, the book presents recent advances, reflecting the evolution of biosignal processing. As biomedical datasets grow larger and more complicated, the development and use of signal processing methods to analyze and interpret these data has become a matter of course. This book is one step in the development of biosignal analysis and is designed to stimulate new ideas and opportunities in the development of cutting-edge computational methods for biosignal processing.

MEG-EEG Primer

MEG-EEG Primer
  • Author : Riitta Hari,Aina Puce
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0190497807
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Summary : This work provides newcomers and more experienced researchers with the very basics of magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG)-two noninvasive methods that can inform about the neurodynamics of the human brain on a millisecond scale. These two closely related methods are addressed side by side, starting from their physical and physiological bases and then advancing to methods of data acquisition, analysis, visualization, and interpretation

Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Author : Luigi Landini,Vincenzo Positano,Maria Santarelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9781420028669
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Summary : The popularity of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in medicine is no mystery: it is non-invasive, it produces high quality structural and functional image data, and it is very versatile and flexible. Research into MR technology is advancing at a blistering pace, and modern engineers must keep up with the latest developments. This is only possible with a firm grounding in the basic principles of MR, and Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging solidly integrates this foundational knowledge with the latest advances in the field. Beginning with the basics of signal and image generation and reconstruction, the book covers in detail the signal processing techniques and algorithms, filtering techniques for MR images, quantitative analysis including image registration and integration of EEG and MEG techniques with MR, and MR spectroscopy techniques. The final section of the book explores functional MRI (fMRI) in detail, discussing fundamentals and advanced exploratory data analysis, Bayesian inference, and nonlinear analysis. Many of the results presented in the book are derived from the contributors' own work, imparting highly practical experience through experimental and numerical methods. Contributed by international experts at the forefront of the field, Advanced Image Processing in Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an indispensable guide for anyone interested in further advancing the technology and capabilities of MR imaging.

Event-Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations

Event-Related Dynamics of Brain Oscillations
  • Author : Christa Neuper,Wolfgang Klimesch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-03
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0080465595
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Summary : Research on brain oscillations and event-related electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related (de-) synchronization (ERD/ERS) in particular became a rapidly growing field in the last decades. A large number of laboratories worldwide are using ERD/ERS to study cognitive and motor brain function and the importance of this tool in neurocognitive research is widely recognized. This book is a summary of the most current research, methods, and applications of the study of event-related dynamics of brain oscillations. Facing the rapid progress in this field, it brings together, on the one side, fundamental questions of the underlying events, which still remain to be clarified and, on the other side, some of the most significant novel findings, which point to the key topics for future research. In particular, the chapters of this volume cover the neurophysiological fundamentals and models (Section I), new methodological approaches (Section II), current ERD research related to cognitive (Section III) and sensorimotor brain function (Section IV), invasive approaches and clinical applications (Section V), and novel developments of EEG-based brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback (Section IV).