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Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production
  • Author : R Luque,J Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-29
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 085709808X
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Summary : Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

Synthetic Natural Gas

Synthetic Natural Gas
  • Author : Tilman J. Schildhauer,Serge M. A. Biollaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-05
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 1118541812
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Summary : Provides an overview of the different pathways to produce Synthetic Natural Gas Covers technological, and economic aspects of this Synthetic Natural Gas Details the most popular technologies and state-of-the-art of SNG technologies while also covering recent and future research trends Covers the main process steps during conversion of coal and dry biomass to SNG: gasification, gas cleaning, methanation and gas upgrading Describes a number of novel processes for the production of SNG with their specific combination of process steps as well as the boundary conditions Covers important technical aspects of Power-to-Gas processes

Chemical Energy from Natural and Synthetic Gas

Chemical Energy from Natural and Synthetic Gas
  • Author : Yatish T. Shah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-16
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 1315302349
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Summary : Commercial development of energy from renewables and nuclear is critical to long-term industry and environmental goals. However, it will take time for them to economically compete with existing fossil fuel energy resources and their infrastructures. Gas fuels play an important role during and beyond this transition away from fossil fuel dominance to a balanced approach to fossil, nuclear, and renewable energies. Chemical Energy from Natural and Synthetic Gas illustrates this point by examining the many roles of natural and synthetic gas in the energy and fuel industry, addressing it as both a "transition" and "end game" fuel. The book describes various types of gaseous fuels and how are they are recovered, purified, and converted to liquid fuels and electricity generation and used for other static and mobile applications. It emphasizes methane, syngas, and hydrogen as fuels, although other volatile hydrocarbons are considered. It also covers storage and transportation infrastructure for natural gas and hydrogen and methods and processes for cleaning and reforming synthetic gas. The book also deals applications, such as the use of natural gas in power production in power plants, engines, turbines, and vehicle needs. Presents a unified and collective look at gas in the energy and fuel industry, addressing it as both a "transition" and "end game" fuel. Emphasizes methane, syngas, and hydrogen as fuels. Covers gas storage and transport infrastructure. Discusses thermal gasification, gas reforming, processing, purification and upgrading. Describes biogas and bio-hydrogen production. Deals with the use of natural gas in power production in power plants, engines, turbines, and vehicle needs.

Gasification

Gasification
  • Author : Christopher Higman,Maarten van der Burgt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-21
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 9780080477992
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Summary : This book provides an excellent overview of current technologies for the gasification of coal, oil, gas, biomass and waste feedstocks. Starting from the basic theory, it reviews the potential feedstocks and their suitability for different types of gasification process. Commercial and near-commercial processes are described individually and various features discussed in detail. There is a comprehensive review of contaminants in synthesis gas as well as of gas treating processes. One chapter is devoted to discussions of various chemical, fuel and power applications for gasification. Economic, environmental and safety issues of gasification are also covered. Both authors have been involved with gasification for over 30 years, gaining in the process a fund of practical insight and experience, which is evident throughout the book. * Addresses practical issues such as selection of the best equipment. * Ideal reference for anyone involved in operating or designing a gasification plant. * Written in an easy-to-understand format with worked examples and a comprehensive glossary and bibliography.

Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction

Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-18
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 0123965438
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Summary : Biomass is the most widely used non-fossil fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long-term given the increasing proliferation of dedicated energy crops for biofuels. The second edition of Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis is enhanced with new topics, such as torrefaction and cofiring, making it a versatile resource that not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass conversion systems. This book will allow professionals, such as engineers, scientists, and operating personnel of biomass gasification, pyrolysis or torrefaction plants, to gain a better comprehension of the basics of biomass conversion. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. With a dedicated focus on the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, pyrolysis, and torrefaction, Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction, Second Edition offers comprehensive coverage of biomass in its gas, liquid, and solid states in a single easy-to-access source. Contains new and updated step-by-step process flow diagrams, design data and conversion charts, and numerical examples with solutions Includes chapters dedicated to evolving torrefaction technologies, practicing option of biomass cofiring, and biomass conversion economics Expanded coverage of syngas and other Fischer-Tropsch alternatives Spotlights advanced processes such as supercritical water gasification and torrefaction of biomass. Provides available research results in an easy-to-use design methodology

Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,V. S. Moholkar,Bhaskar Thallada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :521
  • ISBN : 981107335X
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Summary : This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Advances in Bioenergy

Advances in Bioenergy
  • Author : Peter D. Lund,John A. Byrne,Goeran Berndes,Iacovos Vasalos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-10
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 1118957857
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Summary : The increasing deployment of bioenergy frequently raises issues regarding the use of land and raw materials, infrastructure and logistics. In light of these sometimes conflicting interests Advances in Bioenergy provides an objective and wide-ranging overview of the technology, economics and policy of bioenergy. Offering an authoritative multidisciplinary summary of the opportunities and challenges associated with bioenergy utilization, with international researchers give up-to-date and detailed information on key issues for biomass production and conversion to energy. Key features: *Discusses different bioenergy uses such as transportation fuels, electricity and heat production. *Assesses emerging fields such as bio-based chemicals and bio-refineries. *Debates conditions for the mobilization of sustainable bioenergy supply chains and outlines governance systems to support this mobilization. * Dedicated chapters to sustainability governance and emerging tools such as certification systems and standards supporting growth of a sustainable bioenergy industry. *Considers the political, environmental, social and cultural context related to the demand for energy resources, the impact of this demand on the world around us, and the choices and behaviours of consumers. This book will be a vital reference to engineers, researchers and students that need an accessible overview of the bioenergy area. It will also be of high value for politicians, policymakers and industry leaders that need to stay up to date with the state-of-the-art science and technology in this area.

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock
  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 1789232880
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Summary : Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Synthetic Fuels

Synthetic Fuels
  • Author : United States. General Accounting Office
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :23
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Synthetic Fuels Handbook

Synthetic Fuels Handbook
  • Author : James Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-22
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : 0071640894
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Summary : Capitalize on the Vast Potential of Alternative Energy Sources Such as Fuel Cells and Biofuels Synthetic Fuels Handbook is a comprehensive guide to the benefits and trade-offs of numerous alternative fuels, presenting expert analyses of the different properties, processes, and performance characteristics of each fuel. It discusses the concept systems and technology involved in the production of fuels on both industrial and individual scales. Written by internationally renowned fuels expert James G. Speight, this vital resource describes the production and properties of fuels from natural gas and natural gas hydrates...tar sand bitumen...coal...oil shale...synthesis gas...crops...wood sources...biomass...industrial and domestic waste...landfill gas...and much more. Using both U.S. and SI units, Synthetic Fuels Handbook features: Information on conventional and nonconventional fuel sources Discussion of the production of alternative fuels on both industrial and individual scales Analyses of properties and uses of gaseous, liquid, and solid fuels from different sources Comparison of properties of alternative fuels with petroleum-based fuels Discover All the Benefits and Trade-Offs of Synthetic Fuels • Fuel sources: conventional and nonconventional • Natural gas and natural gas hydrates • Petroleum and heavy oil • Tar sand bitumen • Coal • Oil shale • Synthesis gas • Crops • Wood sources • Biomass • Industrial and domestic waste • Landfill gas • Comparison of the properties and uses of gaseous fuels from different sources • Comparison of the properties and uses of liquid fuels from different sources • Comparison of the properties and uses of solid fuels from different sources

Synthetic Fuels

Synthetic Fuels
  • Author : Ronald F. Probstein,R. Edwin Hicks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0486319334
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Summary : This book, the outgrowth of a graduate course the authors taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was designed to fill an urgent need—the training of engineers in the production of synthetic fuels to replace dwindling supplies of natural ones. The authors presented synthetic fuels as a unified engineering subject, while recognizing that many of its principles are well-understood aspects of various engineering fields. The presentation begins with a review of chemical and physical fundamentals and conversion fundamentals, and proceeds to coal gasification and gas upgrading. Subsequent chapters examine liquids and clean solids produced from coal, liquids obtained from oil shale and tar sands, biomass conversion, and environmental, economic, and related aspects of synthetic fuel use. The text is directed toward beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates in chemical and mechanical engineering, but should also appeal to students from other disciplines, including environmental, mining, petroleum, and industrial engineering, as well as chemistry. It also serves as a reference and guide for professionals.

Synthetic Fuels from Coal

Synthetic Fuels from Coal
  • Author : United States. Interagency Task Force on Synthetic Fuels from Coal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1974
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This report provides a data base for Project Independence Blueprint in the area of synthetic fuels from coal. This area involves both industrial practice and a relatively large amount of advanced coal conversion technology, much of which is on an advanced pilot plant level. It must be emphasized that the report simply identifies representative resources (financial, raw materials, manpower) needed in case a decision is made to achieve given synthetic fuel production rates. The report does not suggest or imply that the resources identified herein, either financial in terms of capital or raw resources in terms of the needed coal mine capacities, are currently available. By simply identifying the critical resources, this report provides a needed data base for decision in the area of synthetic fuels.

Advanced Biomass Gasification

Advanced Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Steffen Heidenreich,Michael Müller,Pier Ugo Foscolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-07
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 0128043679
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Summary : Advanced Biomass Gasification: New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility provides a thorough overview on new concepts in biomass gasification and consolidated information on advances for process integration and combination, which could otherwise only be gained by reading a high number of journal publications. Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, highly respected experts in this field, start their exploration with the compact UNIQUE reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then examine biomass pre-treatment processes, taking into account the energy balance of the overall conversion process, and look into oxygen-steam gasification and solutions for air separation, including new options for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. Several polygeneration strategies are covered, including combined heat and power (CHP) production with synthetic natural gas (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new cutting-edge concepts, such as plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which allows for insights on the future technological outlook of the area. This book is then a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis. Explores state-of-the-art technologies that allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in gasification, including process integration, combination, and polygeneration strategies Consolidates information that was, up until now, scattered among several sources, including journal articles Provides a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis

Synthesis Gas Combustion

Synthesis Gas Combustion
  • Author : Tim Lieuwen,Vigor Yang,Richard Yetter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-16
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781420085358
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Summary : Coal, still used to generate more than half of the electric power in the U.S., will likely be part of any future global energy plan. But this finite resource is also responsible for 80 percent of the CO2 emissions from power production, and its continued use will require improved processing techniques that are less damaging to the environment and less costly. One viable option is the use of "clean coal" energy conversion devices that rely on the combustion of gasified coal, referred to as synthesis gas, or syngas. Synthesis Gas Combustion: Fundamentals and Applications presents work from leading combustion authorities who offer their perspectives on various energy and environmental issues linked to the development of syngas and hydrogen combustion. This volume summarizes the current understanding of syngas, focusing first on combustion fundamentals and then on issues specific to application and utilization in fuel cells, internal combustion engines, and steady-flowing combustion devices such as gas turbines or boilers. In discussing syngas production, this book details the technical issues and trade-offs that influence fuel composition. It also explores combustion fundamentals of "clean coal" technologies, including chemical kinetics, flame properties, and emissions. Governments and companies around the world are devoting significant resources to improve understanding of the combustion of coal and bio-derived synthesis gases, to maximize the benefits of gasification technology and limit CO2 emissions. This valuable reference provides state-of-the-art context and technical information needed to develop clean energy systems. These include clean coal technologies, hydrogen and liquid fuel production, use of biomass feedstocks, and usage in fuel cells and other advanced power generation technologies.

Emissions from Synthetic Fuel Production Facilities: Executive summary

Emissions from Synthetic Fuel Production Facilities: Executive summary
  • Author : J. D. Colley,W. A. Gathman,Michael Leonard Owen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1977
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies

Hydrogen and Syngas Production and Purification Technologies
  • Author : Ke Liu,Chunshan Song,Velu Subramani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-07
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 0471719757
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Summary : Covers the timely topic of fuel cells and hydrogen-based energy from its fundamentals to practical applications Serves as a resource for practicing researchers and as a text in graduate-level programs Tackles crucial aspects in light of the new directions in the energy industry, in particular how to integrate fuel processing into contemporary systems like nuclear and gas power plants Includes homework-style problems

Handbook of Gasification Technology

Handbook of Gasification Technology
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-14
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 1118773535
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Summary : Gasification is one of the most important advancements that has ever occurred in energy production. Using this technology, for example, coal can be gasified into a product that has roughly half the carbon footprint of coal. On a large scale, gasification could be considered a revolutionary development, not only prolonging the life of carbon-based fuels, but making them “greener” and cleaner. As long as much of the world still depends on fossil fuels, gasification will be an environmentally friendlier choice for energy production. But gasification is not just used for fossil fuels. Waste products that would normally be dumped into landfills or otherwise disposed of can be converted into energy through the process of gasification. The same is true of biofeedstocks and other types of feedstocks, thus making another argument for the widespread use of gasification. The Handbook of Gasification Technology covers all aspects of the gasification, in a “one-stop shop,” from the basic science of gasification and why it is needed to the energy sources, processes, chemicals, materials, and machinery used in the technology. Whether a veteran engineer or scientist using it as a reference or a professor using it as a textbook, this outstanding new volume is a must-have for any library.

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy

Biomass Volume Estimation and Valorization for Energy
  • Author : Jaya Shankar Tumuluru
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-22
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 9535129376
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Summary : This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, various backgrounds, and diverse expertise. This book provides information on biomass volume calculation methods and biomass valorization for energy production. The chapters presented in this book include original research and review articles. I hope the research presented in this book will help to advance the use of biomass for bioenergy production and valorization. The key features of the book are: Providing information on biomass volume estimation using direct, nondestructive and remote sensing methods Biomass valorization for energy using thermochemical (gasification and pyrolysis) and biochemical (fermentation) conversion processes.

Handbook of Biomass Downdraft Gasifier Engine Systems

Handbook of Biomass Downdraft Gasifier Engine Systems
  • Author : Thomas B. Reed,A. Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9781890607005
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Summary :

Biofuels

Biofuels
  • Author : Krzysztof Biernat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 1789233461
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Summary : This book offers the current state of knowledge in the field of biofuels, presented by selected research centers from around the world. Biogas from waste production process and areas of application of biomethane were characterized. Also, possibilities of applications of wastes from fruit bunch of oil palm tree and high biomass/bagasse from sorghum and Bermuda grass for second-generation bioethanol were presented. Processes and mechanisms of biodiesel production, including the review of catalytic transesterification process, and careful analysis of kinetics, including bioreactor system for algae breeding, were widely analyzed. Problem of emissivity of NOx from engines fueled by B20 fuel was characterized. The closing chapters deal with the assessment of the potential of biofuels in Turkey, the components of refinery systems for production of biodegradable plastics from biomass. Also, a chapter concerning the environmental conditions of synthesis gas production as a universal raw material for the production of alternative fuels was also added.

Sustainable Air Conditioning Systems

Sustainable Air Conditioning Systems
  • Author : Chaouki Ghenai,Tareq Salameh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-13
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 1789233003
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Summary : Air conditioning system is one of the major consumers of electrical energy in many parts of the world today. It represents between 40 and 70% of the energy consumption in commercial buildings. The demand of energy for air conditioning systems is expected to increase further in the next decades due to the population growth, the new economic boom, and the urbanization development. The rapid growth of air conditioning and electricity consumption will contribute further to climate change if fossil and nonrenewable resources are used. More energy-efficient and renewable energy-based air conditioning systems to accomplish space cooling are needed. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in sustainable air conditioning technologies and focus on the most recent research and development on green air conditioning systems including energy-efficient and renewable energy-based air conditioning systems.