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Gasification

Gasification
  • Author : Christopher Higman,Maarten van der Burgt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-21
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 0080477992
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Summary : This book provides an excellent overview of current technologies for the gasification of coal, oil, gas, biomass and waste feedstocks. Starting from the basic theory, it reviews the potential feedstocks and their suitability for different types of gasification process. Commercial and near-commercial processes are described individually and various features discussed in detail. There is a comprehensive review of contaminants in synthesis gas as well as of gas treating processes. One chapter is devoted to discussions of various chemical, fuel and power applications for gasification. Economic, environmental and safety issues of gasification are also covered. Both authors have been involved with gasification for over 30 years, gaining in the process a fund of practical insight and experience, which is evident throughout the book. * Addresses practical issues such as selection of the best equipment. * Ideal reference for anyone involved in operating or designing a gasification plant. * Written in an easy-to-understand format with worked examples and a comprehensive glossary and bibliography.

Coal Gasification

Coal Gasification
  • Author : United States. Office of Fossil Energy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1975
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015039944239
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Summary : Includes glossary of terms.

Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction

Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction
  • Author : Prabir Basu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-18
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9780123965431
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Summary : Biomass is the most widely used non-fossil fuel in the world. Biomass resources show a considerable potential in the long-term given the increasing proliferation of dedicated energy crops for biofuels. The second edition of Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis is enhanced with new topics, such as torrefaction and cofiring, making it a versatile resource that not only explains the basic principles of energy conversion systems, but also provides valuable insight into the design of biomass conversion systems. This book will allow professionals, such as engineers, scientists, and operating personnel of biomass gasification, pyrolysis or torrefaction plants, to gain a better comprehension of the basics of biomass conversion. The author provides many worked out design problems, step-by-step design procedures and real data on commercially operating systems. With a dedicated focus on the design, analysis, and operational aspects of biomass gasification, pyrolysis, and torrefaction, Biomass Gasification, Pyrolysis and Torrefaction, Second Edition offers comprehensive coverage of biomass in its gas, liquid, and solid states in a single easy-to-access source. Contains new and updated step-by-step process flow diagrams, design data and conversion charts, and numerical examples with solutions Includes chapters dedicated to evolving torrefaction technologies, practicing option of biomass cofiring, and biomass conversion economics Expanded coverage of syngas and other Fischer-Tropsch alternatives Spotlights advanced processes such as supercritical water gasification and torrefaction of biomass. Provides available research results in an easy-to-use design methodology

Gasification

Gasification
  • Author : Christopher Higman,Maarten van der Burgt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-30
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 0080560903
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Summary : Gasification is a process that if properly utilized can transform the world in which we live. Comprehensive in its coverage, this second edition continues the tradition of the first by providing engineers and scientists with an up-to-date overview of commercial processes and applications relevant to today's demands. Gasification, 2nd edition is expanded and provides more detail on the integration issues for current generation, state-of-the-art Integrated Gasification Combined Cycles (IGCC); CO2 capture in the IGCC context addressing the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting as well as defining what the term "CO2 capture ready" might mean in practice; issues of plant reliability, availability and maintainability (RAM) including as evaluation of feedback from existing plants; implementation of fuel cell technology in IGCC concepts. All statistics, processes and projects, including descriptions of a number of processes not covered in the previous edition. *Up-to-date overview of commercial processes *Covers applications relevant to today's demands *Addresses the issues of pre-investment and retrofitting *Provides more detail on the integration issues for Integrated Gasification

Coal Gasification and Its Applications

Coal Gasification and Its Applications
  • Author : David A. Bell,Brian F. Towler,Maohong Fan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-08
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 1437778518
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Summary : Skyrocketing energy costs have spurred renewed interest in coal gasification. Currently available information on this subject needs to be updated, however, and focused on specific coals and end products. For example, carbon capture and sequestration, previously given little attention, now has a prominent role in coal conversion processes. This book approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, with topics chosen to aid the process engineer who is interested in a complete, coal-to-products system. It provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes. The first topic describes the nature and availability of coal. Next, the fundamentals of gasification are described, followed by a description of gasification technologies and gas cleaning processes. The conversion of syngas to electricity, fuels and chemicals is then discussed. Finally, process economics are covered. Emphasis is given to the selection of gasification technology based on the type of coal fed to the gasifier and desired end product: E.g., lower temperature gasifiers produce substantial quantities of methane, which is undesirable in an ammonia synthesis feed. This book also reviews gasification kinetics which is informed by recent papers and process design studies by the US Department of Energy and other groups, and also largely ignored by other gasification books. • Approaches coal gasification and related technologies from a process engineering point of view, providing a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of coal conversion processes • Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes • Emphasizes the importance of the coal types fed to the gasifier and desired end products • Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books Provides a perspective for engineers and scientists who analyze and improve components of the coal conversion processes Describes the fundamentals of gasification, gasification technologies, and gas cleaning processes Covers gasification kinetics, which was largely ignored by other gasification books

Gasification of Waste Materials

Gasification of Waste Materials
  • Author : Simona Ciuta,Demetra Tsiamis,Marco J. Castaldi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-24
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9780128127179
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Summary : Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products. The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction mechanisms and kinetic constraints of using municipal solid waste (MSW), biomass, non-recycled plastics (NRP), sludges and wet solid wastes as feedstock. They identify the distinctions between pyrolysis, gasification, plasma, hydrothermal gasification, and supercritical systems. A comprehensive summary of laboratory and demonstration activities is presented, as well as field scale systems that have been in operation using solid waste streams as input, highlighting their areas of disconnect and alignment. The book also provides a summary of information on emissions from the stack, comparing them with other thermal conversion systems using similar feedstock. It then goes on to assess the areas that must be improved to ensure gasification systems become as successful as combustion systems operating on waste streams, ranging from feedstock processing to gasifier output gas clean-up, downstream system requirements and corrosion. The economics and future projections for waste gasification systems are also discussed. For its consolidation of the current technical knowledge, this text is recommended for engineering researchers, graduate students, industry professionals, municipal engineers and decision makers when planning, designing and deploying waste to energy projects, especially those using MSW as feedstock. Provides field demonstrations of large scale systems, their results and the challenges that need to be overcome when developing commercial applications and possible solutions Presents the most recent technologies in lab and demonstration scale Examines the critical development needs and real life challenges for the deployment of waste to energy technologies Provides information on the economics and sustainability of these technologies, as well as their future perspectives

Coal Gasification Technologies and the Need for Large Scale Projects

Coal Gasification Technologies and the Need for Large Scale Projects
  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Science, Technology, and Innovation
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D035567501
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Summary :

Index of Selected Gasification Patents: United States patents

Index of Selected Gasification Patents: United States patents
  • Author : Simon Klosky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1960
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435056594823
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Summary :

Coal Gasification

Coal Gasification
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:319510006486407
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Summary : Includes glossary of terms.

A Survey of Biomass Gasification

A Survey of Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Solar Energy Research Institute
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:30000010515876
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Summary :

Coal Gasification

Coal Gasification
  • Author : United States. Division of Coal Conversion
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105211274407
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Summary : Includes glossary of terms.

Advanced Biomass Gasification

Advanced Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Steffen Heidenreich,Michael Müller,Pier Ugo Foscolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-07
  • Total pages :140
  • ISBN : 9780128043677
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Summary : Advanced Biomass Gasification: New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility provides a thorough overview on new concepts in biomass gasification and consolidated information on advances for process integration and combination, which could otherwise only be gained by reading a high number of journal publications. Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, highly respected experts in this field, start their exploration with the compact UNIQUE reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then examine biomass pre-treatment processes, taking into account the energy balance of the overall conversion process, and look into oxygen-steam gasification and solutions for air separation, including new options for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. Several polygeneration strategies are covered, including combined heat and power (CHP) production with synthetic natural gas (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new cutting-edge concepts, such as plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which allows for insights on the future technological outlook of the area. This book is then a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis. Explores state-of-the-art technologies that allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in gasification, including process integration, combination, and polygeneration strategies Consolidates information that was, up until now, scattered among several sources, including journal articles Provides a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis

Coal and Biomass Gasification

Coal and Biomass Gasification
  • Author : Santanu De,Avinash Kumar Agarwal,V. S. Moholkar,Bhaskar Thallada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :521
  • ISBN : 9789811073359
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Summary : This book addresses the science and technology of the gasification process and the production of electricity, synthetic fuels and other useful chemicals. Pursuing a holistic approach, it covers the fundamentals of gasification and its various applications. In addition to discussing recent advances and outlining future directions, it covers advanced topics such as underground coal gasification and chemical looping combustion, and describes the state-of-the-art experimental techniques, modeling and numerical simulations, environmentally friendly approaches, and technological challenges involved. Written in an easy-to-understand format with a comprehensive glossary and bibliography, the book offers an ideal reference guide to coal and biomass gasification for beginners, engineers and researchers involved in designing or operating gasification plants.

Experimental Investigation on Gasification Characteristic of High Lignin Biomass (Pongamia Shells).

Experimental Investigation on Gasification Characteristic of High Lignin Biomass (Pongamia Shells).
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1052025588
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Summary : Abstract: Pongamia residue (shells) is the byproduct from the biodiesel processing industry, which is a lignocellulosic biomass material. It is not suitable as feedstock in downdraft wood gasifier due to low bulk density (146kg/m 3 ) of shells as compared to wood (more than 350kg/m 3 ). Pelletization and gasification of pelletized shells was carried out in the present work. The heat transfer analysis in pellets of 17mm and 11.5mm was also carried out to evaluate thermal properties of this biomass. Shell pellets of 17mm and 11.5mm diameter and length in the range of 10–60mm were gasified in a 20kWe downdraft wood gasifier. The complete gasification of pellets with 17mm diameter could not be achieved because of less porosity and presence of larger thermal gradient within the pellets. The gasification efficiency was 73% for 17mm diameter pellets which is lower than that of 11.5mm diameter pellets which was 95%. The calorific value of producer gas generated from smaller diameter pellets was higher (4.66MJ/Nm 3 ) as compared to larger diameter pellets (3.98MJ/Nm 3 ). Tar formation during gasification of smaller diameter pellets was low as compared to larger diameter pellets. Highlights: The gasification efficiency for 17 mm and 11.5 mm diameter pellets were 73 and 95% respectively. The complete gasification of pellets with 17 mm diameter could not be achieved. The quality of producer gas was high for smaller diameter pellets. Tar formation during gasification of smaller diameter pellets was low as compared to larger diameter pellets.

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock

Gasification for Low-grade Feedstock
  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781789232882
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Summary : Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Report of Working Group on Data for Coal Gasification of the Panel of Private Programs

Report of Working Group on Data for Coal Gasification of the Panel of Private Programs
  • Author : National Research Council (U.S.). Working Group on Data for Coal Gasification
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1973
  • Total pages :48
  • ISBN : NAP:16012
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Summary :

Gasification of Unconventional Feedstocks

Gasification of Unconventional Feedstocks
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-03
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9780128000892
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Summary : World gasification capacity is expected to grow by more than 70% by 2015. While gasification is not a new process, the higher price in crude has lead operators and refineries to look at all possible coal-based technologies for energy conversion, and with the flow of heavy oil, tar sands and other unconventional feedstocks making their way to the refineries for processing, refinery managers and engineers alike must be made aware of how to process these uncommon energy sources. Gasification of Unconventional Feedstocks addresses these unfamiliar feeds and provides a quick and up-to-date reference on the background, process technology and downstream applications required to help refineries maximize profits turning low-value feedstock to beneficial syngas and other fuel products. Clear and comprehensive, Gasification of Unconventional Feedstocks provides engineers and refinery managers with the tools needed to quickly adapt to the more unconventional feedstocks and still maximize their refineries potential. Get up to speed on how to adjust your refinery's processing to unconventional feedstocks Understand the technology necessary to safely and effectively manage unfamiliar feeds Turn low-value product to profit quickly with must-have tips and rules of thumb

Handbook of Gasification Technology

Handbook of Gasification Technology
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-14
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9781118773536
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Summary : Gasification is one of the most important advancements that has ever occurred in energy production. Using this technology, for example, coal can be gasified into a product that has roughly half the carbon footprint of coal. On a large scale, gasification could be considered a revolutionary development, not only prolonging the life of carbon-based fuels, but making them “greener” and cleaner. As long as much of the world still depends on fossil fuels, gasification will be an environmentally friendlier choice for energy production. But gasification is not just used for fossil fuels. Waste products that would normally be dumped into landfills or otherwise disposed of can be converted into energy through the process of gasification. The same is true of biofeedstocks and other types of feedstocks, thus making another argument for the widespread use of gasification. The Handbook of Gasification Technology covers all aspects of the gasification, in a “one-stop shop,” from the basic science of gasification and why it is needed to the energy sources, processes, chemicals, materials, and machinery used in the technology. Whether a veteran engineer or scientist using it as a reference or a professor using it as a textbook, this outstanding new volume is a must-have for any library.

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion

Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion
  • Author : Michael S. Blinderman,Alexander Y. Klimenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-28
  • Total pages :662
  • ISBN : 9780081003244
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Summary : Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) is carried out in unmined coal seams, using wells drilled from the surface and converting coal into synthesis gas. The gas can be used for power generation and synthesis of automotive fuels, fertilizers and other products. UCG offers financial, social, and environmental benefits over conventional coal extraction and utilization methods and may play a critical role in ensuring energy security in the future. Underground Coal Gasification and Combustion provides an overview of underground coal gasification technology, its current status and future directions. Comprehensive in approach, the book covers history, science, technology, hydrogeology, rock mechanics, environmental performance, economics, regulatory and commercial aspects of UCG projects. The first book on the subject in forty years, it is unique in analysing more than a century of global UCG developments by experts from Australia, Canada, Poland, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, the USA and Uzbekistan. Provides researchers, engineers, industry, educators and regulators with an authoritative overview of science and practical applications of underground coal gasification technologies Offers insight into efficiency, environmental performance, costs, permitting issues and commercial aspects of UCG projects Written by scientists and practitioners of UCG technology sharing hands-on experience of step-by-step UCG implementation

A Review on the Fuel Gas Cleaning Technologies in Gasification Process

A Review on the Fuel Gas Cleaning Technologies in Gasification Process
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1052083176
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Summary : Abstract The product gas produced from gasification of solid fuel contains various impurities such as particulates, toxin gases, tar, vapours of heavy metals, etc. Presence of tar is a major issue which requires to be addressed before the use of gas product in the downstream process. Tar causes problems in the process equipment like flow channels, power generating units, etc. Generally gasification technology is adapted for the utilization of low grade coal, municipal solid waste, agro-waste, bio-waste, etc., which generates toxic and emits various hazardous compounds of chlorine, sulphur, nitrogen and heavy metals like Mn, Cd and Hg. Various alkali metals like Na, K, etc., generated through the gasification of wastes also create problem in the downstream processes when condensed at low temperature. The key challenge to commercializing gasification technology is to generate a clean fuel gas which meets the global emission standards. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the fuel gas cleaning methods those are used to remove the contaminants and gas impurities generated from various types of reactor for gasification of coal or biomass.

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production
  • Author : R Luque,J Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-29
  • Total pages :348
  • ISBN : 9780857098085
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Summary : Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology