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Gene Environment Interactions

Gene Environment Interactions
  • Author : Moyra Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780128196137
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Summary : Gene Environment Interactions: Nature and Nurture in the Twenty-first Century offers a rare, synergistic view of ongoing revelations in gene environment interaction studies, drawing together key themes from epigenetics, microbiomics, disease etiology, and toxicology to illuminate pathways for clinical translation and the paradigm shift towards precision medicine. Across eleven chapters, Dr. Smith discusses interactions with the environment, human adaptations to environmental stimuli, pathogen encounters across the centuries, epigenetic modulation of gene expression, transgenerational inheritance, the microbiome's intrinsic effects on human health, and the gene-environment etiology of cardiovascular, metabolic, psychiatric, behavioral and monogenic disorders. Later chapters illuminate how our new understanding of gene environment interactions are driving advances in precision medicine and novel treatments. In addition, the book's author shares strategies to support clinical translation of these scientific findings to improve heath literacy among the general population. Offers a thorough, interdisciplinary discussion on recent revelations from gene environment interaction studies Illuminates environmental factors affecting disease-gene etiology and treatment Supports the clinical translation of gene environment interaction findings into novel therapeutics and precision medicine

Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry

Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry
  • Author : Bart Ellenbroek,Ji Un Youn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-26
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9780128017838
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Summary : Gene-Environment Interactions in Psychiatry: Nature, Nurture, Neuroscience begins with the basic aspects of gene–environment studies, such as basic genetics, principles of animals modeling, and the basic processes of how environmental factors affect brain and behavior, with part two describing the most important psychiatric disorders in detail. Each chapter has a similar structure that includes a general description of the disorder that is followed by an analysis of the role of genes and how they are affected by environmental factors. Each chapter ends with a description of the most relevant animal models, again focusing on gene–environment interactions. The book concludes with a critical evaluation of the current research and an outlook for the (possible) future, offering a vignette into the fascinating world of nature, nurture, and neuroscience. Written to provide in-depth basic knowledge on gene–environment interactions for graduate students, postgraduate students, clinicians, and scientists Includes descriptions of the major psychiatric disorders Provides detailed descriptions of animal models and basic genetic information Presents well-illustrated color figures to explain complex features in a simple manner

Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes
  • Author : Michael Windle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-08
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780262034685
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Summary : Diverse methodological and statistical approaches for investigating the role of gene-environment interactions in a range of complex diseases and traits.

Gene-environment Interactions and Human Diseases

Gene-environment Interactions and Human Diseases
  • Author : Lu Qi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 1634836804
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Summary : With tremendous success of genomic research in discovering genetic variations determining human diseases, it is now time to re-evaluate how the environment affects disease risk by taking into consideration these genetic findings. This book addresses a rapidly growing interest in assessing the relations between environmental risk factors (such as diet, lifestyle) and human diseases, by considering the potential roles of genomic make-up. The book brings together a selection of chapters written by specialists with a variety of backgrounds such as epidemiology, nutrition, genetics, epigenetics, microbiome, biostatistics and bioinformatics. These authors are united in their concerns on the same scientific question how do genomic events modify the effects of traditional, environmental risk factors on disease risk? This book offers an expert overview of the advances in the field of gene-environment interactions on human diseases and the cutting-edge methods used to detect the interactions. The majority of the chapters provide detailed up-to-date descriptions of the major findings of gene-environment interactions on various chronic diseases and risk factors such as obesity, lipids, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis, pancreatitis, Parkinsons disease, and longevity. The book also covers the potential influence of epigenetic events and microbiome on the relation between environment and diseases. In addition, the book also captures the potential application of the findings from this field in personalised prevention and treatment of human diseases.

Gene-Environment Interactions

Gene-Environment Interactions
  • Author : Lucio G. Costa,David L. Eaton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-16
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780471758037
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Summary : Understanding the play between heredity and environment, andrelating it to disease causation, is the task of ecogenetics.Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics presentsthe first comprehensive survey of this discipline, reflecting itsrelationship with toxicology, epidemiology, pharmacology, publichealth, and other medical and biological fields. Divided into four sections, the text elucidates key basic andadvanced topics: * Section 1 covers fundamentals, including the history of thediscipline, a discussion of the molecular laboratory toolscurrently available to assess genotypes, using such measurements inmolecular epidemiology studies, and the statistical issues involvedin their analysis. * Section 2 focuses on a number of key genetic polymorphismsrelevant for ecogenetics, including enzymes of phase I and phase IImetabolism, enzymes involved in DNA repair, as well as receptorsand ion channels. This highlights characteristics of selected,widely studied genotypic/phenotypic differences, and allowsdiscussion of how given genetic variations can influence responsesto exogenous chemicals. * Section 3 examines gene-environment interactions through adisease-based approach, addressing how genetic polymorphisms caninfluence susceptibility to various diseases. Chapters coverimportant disease conditions such as various types of cancer,neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, chronicpulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, andobesity. * The final section discusses the ethical, legal, and social issuesthat arise when investigating and evaluating genetic polymorphismsin human populations, as well as the impact of ecogenetics on riskassessment, regulatory policies, and medicine and publichealth. Packed with clear examples illustrating concepts, as well asnumerous tables and figures, Gene-Environment Interactions:Fundamentals of Ecogenetics is a unique resource for a wide rangeof physicians, students, and other specialists.

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology
  • Author : Kenneth A. Dodge,Michael Rutter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-01
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781609181901
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Summary : Bringing together foremost experts, this book reviews groundbreaking gene–environment research and explores implications for clinical practice, prevention, and public policy. Presented is cutting-edge work on the interplay of genetic factors and childhood experiences in the development of mental disorders such as depression, conduct disorder, and schizophrenia. Essential topics include what scientists currently know about "susceptibility genes"; the mechanisms by which maltreatment and other stressors interact with biological susceptibilities across development; and factors that make certain children more resilient than others. Future directions for personalizing treatment and prevention efforts, thus making them more effective, are discussed.

Schizophrenia: A Consequence of Gene-Environment Interactions?

Schizophrenia: A Consequence of Gene-Environment Interactions?
  • Author : Tim Karl, Jonathon C. Arnold
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-06
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889195312
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Summary : Schizophrenia is a multi-factorial disease characterized by a high heritability and environmental risk factors (e.g. stress and cannabis use). In recent years, an increasing number of researchers worldwide have started investigating the ‘two-hit hypothesis’ of schizophrenia predicting that genetic and environmental risk factors interactively cause the development of the disorder. This work is starting to produce valuable new animal models and reveal novel insights into the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Eventually, it might help advance studies of the molecular pathways involved in this mental disorder and propose more specific molecular medicine. However, the complexity of this multi-factorial line of research has also caused difficulties in data interpretation and comparison. Our research topic is intended to cover past and current directions in research dedicated to the understanding and measurement of gene-environment interactions (GxE) in schizophrenia, the neurobiological and behavioural consequences of such interactions as well as the challenges and limitations one encounters when working on complex aetiological systems.

Gene-Environment Transactions in Developmental Psychopathology

Gene-Environment Transactions in Developmental Psychopathology
  • Author : Patrick H. Tolan,Bennett L. Leventhal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-30
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 331949225X
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Summary : This book examines the current research in gene-environment transactions (GEX) and its potential use in developing interventions and applications tailored to individual genetic makeups. Key concepts underlying GEX studies in this area are defined, identifying fundamental challenges in devising informed research questions and conducting valid and useful experiments. Chapters analyze GEX models inspired by the present day genome-based frameworks, particularly in terms of advances in identifying and understanding complex environmental factors, using examples from common psychological conditions, such as antisocial behavior, chronic physical aggression, and chronic internalizing disorder. In addition, the book presents new and potential applications of the framework in the contexts of prevention science and intervention research. Topics featured in this book include: Epigenetics and the biology of gene x environment interactions. Gene by environment interactions and its potential use for intervention strategies in anxiety disorders. The challenges and potential for research on gene-environment interactions within autism spectrum disorder. Using genetically informed prevention trials to test gene x environment hypothese. Challenges for intervention research within the GEX framework. Gene-Environment Transactions in Developmental Psychopathology is a must-have resource for researchers/professors, clinicians, and related professionals as well as graduate students in developmental psychology, psychiatry, human genetics, and related disciplines.

Beyond Our Genes

Beyond Our Genes
  • Author : Raffaele Teperino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9783030352134
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Summary : The genotype/phenotype dichotomy is being slowly replaced by a more complex relationship whereby the majority of phenotypes arise from interactions between one’s genotype and the environment in which one lives. Interestingly, it seems that not only our lives, but also our ancestors’ lives, determine how we look. This newly recognized form of inheritance is known as (epi)genetic, as it involves an additional layer of information on top of the one encoded by the genes. Its discovery has constituted one of the biggest paradigm shifts in biology in recent years. Understanding epigenetic factors may help explain the pathogenesis of several complex human diseases (such as diabetes, obesity and cancer) and provide alternative paths for disease prevention, management and therapy. This book introduces the reader to the importance of the environment for our own health and the health of our descendants, sheds light on the current knowledge on epigenetic inheritance and opens a window to future developments in the field.

Gene-Environment Interaction Analysis

Gene-Environment Interaction Analysis
  • Author : Sumiko Anno
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-30
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9789814669641
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Summary : Gene–environment (G × E) interaction analysis is a statistical method for clarifying G × E interactions applicable to a phenotype or a disease that is the result of interactions between genes and the environment. This book is the first to deal with the theme of G × E interaction analysis. It compiles and details cutting-edge research in bioinformatics and computational biology and will appeal to anyone involved in bioinformatics and computational biology.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals: Specific metals

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals: Specific metals
  • Author : Lars Friberg,Gunnar Nordberg,Velimir B. Vouk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 0444904425
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Summary : Chapters on specific metals include physical and chemical properties, methods and problems of analysis, production and uses, environmental levels and exposures, metabolism, levels in tissues and biological fluids, effects and dose-response relationships, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, teratogenicity and preventative measures, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.

Genetics, Environment, and Behavior

Genetics, Environment, and Behavior
  • Author : Lee Ehrman,Gilbert S. Omenn,Ernst Caspari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-17
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781483269153
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Summary : Genetics, Environment, and Behavior: Implications for Educational Policy is a collection of papers from the "Genetic Endowment and Environment in the Determination of Behavior" workshop in New York in October 1971. The book discusses the relationships between genetic characteristics and behavior as being significant in understanding human behavior and learning. The text also considers the different approaches made by geneticists and psychologists on this subject. Several papers review, in terms of both quantitative and qualitative analysis, the role that genetics and the environment play in determining behavior. One paper explains the possible role of genetic determination in behaviors as found in mice and men that show high probabilities of heritabilities. Another paper tackles biochemical genetics and explains the evolution of human behavior by addressing the enzyme variations in human brains and the role of language and culture. The book also cites gene-environment interactions and the variability that can be found in behavior with references to the works of Ginsburg (1967) and Vale and Vale (1969). One paper comments on the future of human behavior genetics, highlighting the distinction between what should happen and what most probably will happen. This text is suitable for sociologists, behavioral scientists, geneticists, educators, and students in psychology, psychiatry, and related branches of medicine.

Assessing Gene-environment Interactions in Genome-wide Association Studies

Assessing Gene-environment Interactions in Genome-wide Association Studies
  • Author : Philip Chester Cooley,Robert F. Clark (Senior genetic epidemiologist),Ralph E. Folsom
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :20
  • ISBN : OCLC:1083673251
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Summary : In this report, we address a scenario that uses synthetic genotype case-control data that is influenced by environmental factors in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) context. The precise way the environmental influence contributes to a given phenotype is typically unknown. Therefore, our study evaluates how to approach a GWAS that may have an environmental component. Specifically, we assess different statistical models in the context of a GWAS to make association predictions when the form of the environmental influence is questionable. We used a simulation approach to generate synthetic data corresponding to a variety of possible environmental-genetic models, including a "main effects only" model as well as a "main effects with interactions" model. Our method takes into account the strength of the association between phenotype and both genotype and environmental factors, but we focus on low-risk genetic and environmental risks that necessitate using large sample sizes (N = 10,000 and 200,000) to predict associations with high levels of confidence. We also simulated different Mendelian gene models, and we analyzed how the collection of factors influences statistical power in the context of a GWAS. Using simulated data provides a "truth set" of known outcomes such that the association-affecting factors can be unambiguously determined. We also test different statistical methods to determine their performance properties. Our results suggest that the chances of predicting an association in a GWAS is reduced if an environmental effect is present and the statistical model does not adjust for that effect. This is especially true if the environmental effect and genetic marker do not have an interaction effect. The functional form of the statistical model also matters. The more accurately the form of the environmental influence is portrayed by the statistical model, the more accurate the prediction will be. Finally, even with very large samples sizes, association predictions involving recessive markers with low risk can be poor.

Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability

Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability
  • Author : Jair Soares,Consuelo Walss-Bass,Paolo Brambilla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-09
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780128125601
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Summary : Bipolar Disorder Vulnerability: Perspectives from Pediatric and High-Risk Populations synthesizes our current understanding of high-risk and pediatric populations to aid readers in identifying markers of vulnerability for the development of bipolar disorder, with an ultimate goal of the development of drug targets and other therapies for early diagnosis and treatment. The book provides readers with an understanding of biological and environmental factors influencing disease manifestation that will aid them in defining discrete clinical stages and, importantly, establish an empirical basis for the application of novel therapeutics in a phase of illness during which specific treatments could more effectively alter disease course. Whereas most of the literature available on the pathophysiological mechanisms of bipolar disorder focuses on chronically ill adult individuals, this represents the only book that specifically examines pediatric and high-risk populations. An estimated 30 to 60 percent of adult bipolar disorder patients have their disease onset during childhood, with early-onset cases representing a particularly severe and genetically loaded form of the illness. Highlights diverse translational methodologies, including functional and structural neuroimaging, neuropsychological testing and integrated genomics Examines molecular trajectories in youth with bipolar disorder and unaffected youth at high risk for developing bipolar disorder Explores the interaction between genomic and environmental influences that shape behavior

Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies

Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies
  • Author : Ørnulf Borgan,Norman Breslow,Nilanjan Chatterjee,Mitchell H. Gail,Alastair Scott,Chris J. Wild
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-27
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9781351650120
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Summary : Handbook of Statistical Methods for Case-Control Studies is written by leading researchers in the field. It provides an in-depth treatment of up-to-date and currently developing statistical methods for the design and analysis of case-control studies, as well as a review of classical principles and methods. The handbook is designed to serve as a reference text for biostatisticians and quantitatively-oriented epidemiologists who are working on the design and analysis of case-control studies or on related statistical methods research. Though not specifically intended as a textbook, it may also be used as a backup reference text for graduate level courses. Book Sections Classical designs and causal inference, measurement error, power, and small-sample inference Designs that use full-cohort information Time-to-event data Genetic epidemiology About the Editors Ørnulf Borgan is Professor of Statistics, University of Oslo. His book with Andersen, Gill and Keiding on counting processes in survival analysis is a world classic. Norman E. Breslow was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus in Biostatistics, University of Washington. For decades, his book with Nick Day has been the authoritative text on case-control methodology. Nilanjan Chatterjee is Bloomberg Distinguished Professor, Johns Hopkins University. He leads a broad research program in statistical methods for modern large scale biomedical studies. Mitchell H. Gail is a Senior Investigator at the National Cancer Institute. His research includes modeling absolute risk of disease, intervention trials, and statistical methods for epidemiology. Alastair Scott was, at the time of his death, Professor Emeritus of Statistics, University of Auckland. He was a major contributor to using survey sampling methods for analyzing case-control data. Chris J. Wild is Professor of Statistics, University of Auckland. His research includes nonlinear regression and methods for fitting models to response-selective data.

Gene-Environment Interactions

Gene-Environment Interactions
  • Author : Lucio G. Costa,David L. Eaton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-16
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780471758037
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Understanding the play between heredity and environment, andrelating it to disease causation, is the task of ecogenetics.Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics presentsthe first comprehensive survey of this discipline, reflecting itsrelationship with toxicology, epidemiology, pharmacology, publichealth, and other medical and biological fields. Divided into four sections, the text elucidates key basic andadvanced topics: * Section 1 covers fundamentals, including the history of thediscipline, a discussion of the molecular laboratory toolscurrently available to assess genotypes, using such measurements inmolecular epidemiology studies, and the statistical issues involvedin their analysis. * Section 2 focuses on a number of key genetic polymorphismsrelevant for ecogenetics, including enzymes of phase I and phase IImetabolism, enzymes involved in DNA repair, as well as receptorsand ion channels. This highlights characteristics of selected,widely studied genotypic/phenotypic differences, and allowsdiscussion of how given genetic variations can influence responsesto exogenous chemicals. * Section 3 examines gene-environment interactions through adisease-based approach, addressing how genetic polymorphisms caninfluence susceptibility to various diseases. Chapters coverimportant disease conditions such as various types of cancer,neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, chronicpulmonary diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, andobesity. * The final section discusses the ethical, legal, and social issuesthat arise when investigating and evaluating genetic polymorphismsin human populations, as well as the impact of ecogenetics on riskassessment, regulatory policies, and medicine and publichealth. Packed with clear examples illustrating concepts, as well asnumerous tables and figures, Gene-Environment Interactions:Fundamentals of Ecogenetics is a unique resource for a wide rangeof physicians, students, and other specialists.

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology

Gene-Environment Interactions in Developmental Psychopathology
  • Author : Kenneth A. Dodge,Michael Rutter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-01
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781609181901
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Bringing together foremost experts, this book reviews groundbreaking gene–environment research and explores implications for clinical practice, prevention, and public policy. Presented is cutting-edge work on the interplay of genetic factors and childhood experiences in the development of mental disorders such as depression, conduct disorder, and schizophrenia. Essential topics include what scientists currently know about "susceptibility genes"; the mechanisms by which maltreatment and other stressors interact with biological susceptibilities across development; and factors that make certain children more resilient than others. Future directions for personalizing treatment and prevention efforts, thus making them more effective, are discussed.

Handbook of Psychocardiology

Handbook of Psychocardiology
  • Author : Marlies Alvarenga,Don Byrne
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-11
  • Total pages :750
  • ISBN : 9812872051
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Summary : This handbook brings together the full weight of contemporary evidence bearing on what is now commonly termed “psycho-cardiology”. It focuses on the role of psycho-social factors in the genesis and clinical management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The book constitutes a critically reviewed compendium of current knowledge in the area, coupled with guides to evidence-based best practice in the field of psycho-cardiology. The following categories are covered: Social/demographic risk for CVD, Personality and CVD risk, Stress and CVD risk, Psychopathology (particularly affective disorders) and CVD risk, The psychological management of those with clinical CVD, Psychology in the prevention of CVD. The book integrates the evidence into a compelling argument that clinicians, researchers and those in public health will discount the role of psychological factors in regard to CVD at their own peril. And importantly for clinicians charged with the care of patients with CVD, the book poses the argument that failure to recognize the links between psychological factors and CVD may well be at the considerable peril of those patients under their care.

Gene-environment Interactions Indisruptive Behaviors

Gene-environment Interactions Indisruptive Behaviors
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9403427698
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Summary :

Health Outcomes in a Foreign Land

Health Outcomes in a Foreign Land
  • Author : Bernard Kwabi-Addo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-15
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9783319558653
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Summary : This stimulating volume uses multiple lenses to analyze the complex causes of health disparities affecting African Americans, and explains how this knowledge can be used to reduce their destructive effects. Pinpointing genetic, non-genetic, and epigenetic factors underlying health conditions common to the population—including heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, and cancer—the author traces intricate links among these factors in the current environmental and social context. The section on non-genetic factors in health disparities, such as social determinants and health behaviors, add depth to the ongoing discourse on public health and health policy objectives. And the chapters on gene/environment interactions outline the vast potential for developing new multidisciplinary frontiers in shrinking health inequities and personalizing care. Included in the coverage: The African diaspora and disease-specific disparities. The genetic basis to health disparities. The role of epigenetics Economic factors and health Psychological issues and how they affect disparities Gene-environment interactions in health disparities Race, a biological or social concept Compelling and accessible, Health Outcomes in a Foreign Land will challenge and inspire medical students, epidemiologists, public health professionals, biomedical research scientists, and social scientists to go farther in their work. A wider audience would include policymakers, government officials, nurses, physicians, lawyers, economists, community outreach investigators, and interested general readers.

Gene Environment Interactions

Gene Environment Interactions
  • Author : Moyra Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-14
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780128197974
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Summary : Gene Environment Interactions: Nature and Nurture in the Twenty-first Century offers a rare, synergistic view of ongoing revelations in gene environment interaction studies, drawing together key themes from epigenetics, microbiomics, disease etiology, and toxicology to illuminate pathways for clinical translation and the paradigm shift towards precision medicine. Across eleven chapters, Dr. Smith discusses interactions with the environment, human adaptations to environmental stimuli, pathogen encounters across the centuries, epigenetic modulation of gene expression, transgenerational inheritance, the microbiome’s intrinsic effects on human health, and the gene-environment etiology of cardiovascular, metabolic, psychiatric, behavioral and monogenic disorders. Later chapters illuminate how our new understanding of gene environment interactions are driving advances in precision medicine and novel treatments. In addition, the book's author shares strategies to support clinical translation of these scientific findings to improve heath literacy among the general population. Offers a thorough, interdisciplinary discussion on recent revelations from gene environment interaction studies Illuminates environmental factors affecting disease-gene etiology and treatment Supports the clinical translation of gene environment interaction findings into novel therapeutics and precision medicine