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Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes

Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes
  • Author : Eugene Barsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-22
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9780444639202
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Summary : Gibbs' Entropic Paradox and Problems of Separation Processes reviews the so-called Gibb’s Paradox observed during the mixing of two systems. During the last 150 years, many physicists and specialists in thermodynamics, statistical and quantum mechanics been engaged in the solution of the Gibbs paradox. Many books and journal articles have written on this topic, but a widely accepted answer is still lacking. In this book, the author reviews and analyzes all this data. Based on findings, the book formulates a different approach to this paradox and substantiates it on the basis of physical and statistical principles. The book clearly shows that entropy consists of two parts, static and dynamic. Up to now, entropy has been connected only with the process dynamics. However, the Gibbs paradox is caused by the change in the static component of entropy. Finally, the book includes examples of separation processes and how to optimize them in various fields, including biology, cosmology, crystallography and the social sciences. Provides a precise definition of entropy and allows the formulation of criteria for optimization of separation processes Explains the role of entropy in many processes, facilitating an in-depth analysis and understanding of complicated systems and processes Provides solutions to scientific and applied problems in various scientific disciplines related to separation processes Elucidates entropy’s role in many separation systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems

Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems
  • Author : Eugene Barsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-21
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9780128225394
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Summary : Entropy of Complex Processes and Systems formalizes our understanding of many complex processes, including the development of the methodology of analytical computation of complex processes as applied in many industries, such as ore processing, or more generally, in areas of natural sciences. The adequacy of the results of these calculations is confirmed by numerous experimental data obtained both on pilots and industrial facilities. The book also provides a thorough analysis of the underlying physical foundations of entropy performed from new standpoints that are of interest to theoreticians studying contemporary expositions. Provides methodologies for controlling and optimizing complex processes in branches of industry that involve transformation of materials or substances Describes entropy as the universal characteristic of a stochastic process independent of the system Introduces a new definition of entropy specifically related to dynamical phenomena

Quantum Thermodynamics

Quantum Thermodynamics
  • Author : Jochen Gemmer,M. Michel,Günter Mahler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-21
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9783540705093
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Summary : Over the years enormous effort was invested in proving ergodicity, but for a number of reasons, con?dence in the fruitfulness of this approach has waned. — Y. Ben-Menahem and I. Pitowsky [1] Abstract The basic motivation behind the present text is threefold: To give a new explanation for the emergence of thermodynamics, to investigate the interplay between quantum mechanics and thermodynamics, and to explore possible ext- sions of the common validity range of thermodynamics. Originally, thermodynamics has been a purely phenomenological science. Early s- entists (Galileo, Santorio, Celsius, Fahrenheit) tried to give de?nitions for quantities which were intuitively obvious to the observer, like pressure or temperature, and studied their interconnections. The idea that these phenomena might be linked to other ?elds of physics, like classical mechanics, e.g., was not common in those days. Such a connection was basically introduced when Joule calculated the heat equ- alent in 1840 showing that heat was a form of energy, just like kinetic or potential energy in the theory of mechanics. At the end of the 19th century, when the atomic theory became popular, researchers began to think of a gas as a huge amount of bouncing balls inside a box.

Green Separation Processes

Green Separation Processes
  • Author : Carlos A. M. Afonso,João Pedro G. Crespo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-12
  • Total pages :383
  • ISBN : 9783527606818
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Summary : This timely book is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of this modern technology with the focus on the "green aspect". The expert authors present everything from reactions without solvents to nanostructures for separation methods, from combinatorial chemistry on solid phase to dendrimers. The result is a ready reference packed full of valuable facts on the latest developments in the field - high-quality information otherwise widely spread throughout articles and reviews. From the contents: * Green chemistry for sustainable development * New synthetic methodologies and the demand for adequate separation processes * New developments in separation processes * Future trends and needs It is a "must-have" for every researcher in the field.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UVA:X006180446
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Summary :

Essays in Theoretical Physics

Essays in Theoretical Physics
  • Author : W. E. Parry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781483149639
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Summary : Essays in Theoretical Physics: In Honour of Dirk ter Haar is devoted to Dirk ter Haar, detailing the breadth of Dirk's interest in physics. The book contains 15 chapters, with some chapters elucidating stellar dynamics with non-classical integrals; a mean-field treatment of charge density waves in a strong magnetic field; electrodynamics of two-dimensional (surface) superconductors; and the Bethe Ansatz and exact solutions of the Kondo and related magnetic impurity models. Other chapters focus on probing the interiors of neutron stars; macroscopic quantum tunneling; unitary transformation methods in intense fields atomic physics; stochastic parameters in quantum mechanical systems; and correlation effects in atomic diffusion. The book also describes the densely packed magnetic insulator glasses, nuclei in dense matter, solar neutrinos, comets, cosmic rays, the Gibbs paradox, and wave packets.

Feynman Lectures On Computation

Feynman Lectures On Computation
  • Author : Richard P. Feynman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-03
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9780429980077
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Summary : When, in 1984?86, Richard P. Feynman gave his famous course on computation at the California Institute of Technology, he asked Tony Hey to adapt his lecture notes into a book. Although led by Feynman, the course also featured, as occasional guest speakers, some of the most brilliant men in science at that time, including Marvin Minsky, Charles Bennett, and John Hopfield. Although the lectures are now thirteen years old, most of the material is timeless and presents a ?Feynmanesque? overview of many standard and some not-so-standard topics in computer science such as reversible logic gates and quantum computers.

Thermodynamics of Fluids

Thermodynamics of Fluids
  • Author : Stanisław Malanowski,Andrzej Anderko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-03-01
  • Total pages :524
  • ISBN : 9789814611770
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Summary : This volume is a collection of papers, mostly state-of-the-art reviews, describing main topics of current research in Applied Thermodynamics. The papers deal with measurements of thermodynamic properties which are important for process design in chemical and related industries as well as for theoretical investigations of pure fluids and mixtures. Besides measuring techniques, methods are reviewed for the processing and correlation of experimental data. Contents:The Measurement and Correlation of High Pressure Phase Equilibria Composition and Density Data (S I Sandler & S K Shibata)Solubility Measurements in Dense Gases: Experimental Methods (P Alessi & A Cortesi)Measurements of Vapor-Liquid Equilibria at Low and Moderate Pressures (K Kojima)Thermodynamics of Perfluoroethers — Organic Solvent Mixtures (P Alessi & A Cortesi)Vapour Phase Calorimetry of Pure Substances and Mixtures at High Pressures and Temperatures (G Saville)Error Analysis in Thermodynamic Measurements (S Malanowski)Prediction of Phase Equilibrium Properties in Multicomponent Mixtures Based on the UNIQUAC Associated Solution Theory (I Nagata)Reduction of Phase Equilibrium Data by Means of Equations of State (A Anderko)Calculations in Multicomponent Systems by Use of an Equation of State (A Gramajo et al)and others Readership: Chemical engineers and physical chemists.

Physics and Chance

Physics and Chance
  • Author : Lawrence Sklar,Sklar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 0521558816
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Summary : Lawrence Sklar offers a comprehensive, non-technical introduction to statistical mechanics and attempts to understand its foundational elements.

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

A TEXTBOOK OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
  • Author : K. V. NARAYANAN
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-11
  • Total pages :564
  • ISBN : 9788120347472
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Summary : Designed as an undergraduate-level textbook in Chemical Engineering, this student-friendly, thoroughly class-room tested book, now in its second edition, continues to provide an in-depth analysis of chemical engineering thermodynamics. The book has been so organized that it gives comprehensive coverage of basic concepts and applications of the laws of thermodynamics in the initial chapters, while the later chapters focus at length on important areas of study falling under the realm of chemical thermodynamics. The reader is thus introduced to a thorough analysis of the fundamental laws of thermodynamics as well as their applications to practical situations. This is followed by a detailed discussion on relationships among thermodynamic properties and an exhaustive treatment on the thermodynamic properties of solutions. The role of phase equilibrium thermodynamics in design, analysis, and operation of chemical separation methods is also deftly dealt with. Finally, the chemical reaction equilibria are skillfully explained. Besides numerous illustrations, the book contains over 200 worked examples, over 400 exercise problems (all with answers) and several objective-type questions, which enable students to gain an in-depth understanding of the concepts and theory discussed. The book will also be a useful text for students pursuing courses in chemical engineering-related branches such as polymer engineering, petroleum engineering, and safety and environmental engineering. New to This Edition • More Example Problems and Exercise Questions in each chapter • Updated section on Vapour–Liquid Equilibrium in Chapter 8 to highlight the significance of equations of state approach • GATE Questions up to 2012 with answers

Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology

Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology
  • Author : Sylvia S. Mader
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 0072464372
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Summary : Renowned for her effective learning systems, respected author Sylvia Mader has helped thousands of entry-level students understand and enjoy the principles of human anatomy and physiology. Mader expertly weaves up-to-date informative content with effective learning systems, piecing together the facts and fascination of human anatomy and physiology. With the fifth edition of Understanding Human Anatomy and Physiology, your introductory, one-semester students have the opportunity to experience an effective blend of up-to-date, informational content with several new features and an extensively enhanced multimedia support system.

Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics

Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics
  • Author : Michel Le Bellac,Maurice Le Bellac,Fabrice Mortessagne,G. George Batrouni,George Batrouni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-08
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 0521821436
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Summary : Publisher Description

Free Energy Computations

Free Energy Computations
  • Author : Tony LeliŠvre,Gabriel Stoltz,Mathias Rousset
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781848162471
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Summary : This monograph provides a general introduction to advanced computational methods for free energy calculations, from the systematic and rigorous point of view of applied mathematics. Free energy calculations in molecular dynamics have become an outstanding and increasingly broad computational field in physics, chemistry and molecular biology within the past few years, by making possible the analysis of complex molecular systems. This work proposes a new, general and rigorous presentation, intended both for practitioners interested in a mathematical treatment, and for applied mathematicians interested in molecular dynamics.

Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods

Maximum Entropy and Bayesian Methods
  • Author : C.R. Smith,G. Erickson,Paul O. Neudorfer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9789401722193
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Summary : Bayesian probability theory and maximum entropy methods are at the core of a new view of scientific inference. These `new' ideas, along with the revolution in computational methods afforded by modern computers, allow astronomers, electrical engineers, image processors of any type, NMR chemists and physicists, and anyone at all who has to deal with incomplete and noisy data, to take advantage of methods that, in the past, have been applied only in some areas of theoretical physics. This volume records the Proceedings of Eleventh Annual `Maximum Entropy' Workshop, held at Seattle University in June, 1991. These workshops have been the focus of a group of researchers from many different fields, and this diversity is evident in this volume. There are tutorial papers, theoretical papers, and applications in a very wide variety of fields. Almost any instance of dealing with incomplete and noisy data can be usefully treated by these methods, and many areas of theoretical research are being enhanced by the thoughtful application of Bayes' theorem. The contributions contained in this volume present a state-of-the-art review that will be influential and useful for many years to come.

Science and Information Theory

Science and Information Theory
  • Author : Leon Brillouin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-17
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9780486497556
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Summary : Geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, this classic resource by a giant of 20th-century mathematics applies principles of information theory to Maxwell's demon, thermodynamics, and measurement problems. 1962 edition.

THERMOKINETICS (Synthesis of Heat Engineering Theoretical Grounds)

THERMOKINETICS (Synthesis of Heat Engineering Theoretical Grounds)
  • Author : V. A. Etkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780557250400
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Summary :

Thermodynamics

Thermodynamics
  • Author : J. P. O'Connell,J. M. Haile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-16
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1139443178
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Summary : Thermodynamics: Fundamentals and Applications is a 2005 text for a first graduate course in Chemical Engineering. The focus is on macroscopic thermodynamics; discussions of modeling and molecular situations are integrated throughout. Underpinning this text is the knowledge that while thermodynamics describes natural phenomena, those descriptions are the products of creative, systematic minds. Nature unfolds without reference to human concepts of energy, entropy, or fugacity. Natural complexity can be organized and studied by thermodynamics methodology. The power of thermodynamics can be used to advantage if the fundamentals are understood. This text's emphasis is on fundamentals rather than modeling. Knowledge of the basics will enhance the ability to combine them with models when applying thermodynamics to practical situations. While the goal of an engineering education is to teach effective problem solving, this text never forgets the delight of discovery, the satisfaction of grasping intricate concepts, and the stimulation of the scholarly atmosphere.

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa

Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa
  • Author : Washington Odongo Ochola,P. C. Sanginga,Isaac Bekalo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :538
  • ISBN : 9789966792099
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Summary : The complex and dynamic interlinks between natural resource management (NRM) and development have long been recognized by national and international research and development organizations and have generated voluminous literature. However, much of what is available in the form of university course books, practical learning manuals and reference materials in NRM is based on experiences from outside Africa. Managing Natural Resources for Development in Africa: A Resource Book provides an understanding of the various levels at which NRM issues occur and are being addressed scientifically, economically, socially and politically. The book's nine chapters present state-of-the-art perspectives within a holistic African context. The book systematically navigates the tricky landscape of integrated NRM, with special reference to Eastern and Southern Africa, against the backdrop of prevailing local, national, regional and global social, economic and environmental challenges. The authors' wide experience, the rich references made to emerging challenges and opportunities, and the presentation of different tools, principles, approaches, case studies and processes make the book a rich and valuable one-stop resource for postgraduate students, researchers, policymakers and NRM practitioners. The book is designed to help the reader grasp in-depth NRM perspectives and presents innovative guidance for research design and problem solving, including review questions, learning activities and recommended further reading. The book was developed through a writeshop process by a multi-disciplinary team of lecturers from the University of Nairobi, Egerton University, Kenyatta University, the University of Zimbabwe, the University of Malawi, Makerere University and the University of Dar es Salam. In addition, selected NRM experts from regional and international research organizations including the World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), the Africa Forest Forum, RUFORUM, IIRR and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) participated in the writeshop and contributed material to the book.

Proceedings, 2019, MaxEnt 2019

Proceedings, 2019, MaxEnt 2019
  • Author : Udo von Toussaint,Roland Preuss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-19
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9783039284764
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Summary : This Proceedings book presents papers from the 39th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering, MaxEnt 2019. The workshop took place at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching near Munich, Germany, from 30 June to 5 July 2019, and invited contributions on all aspects of probabilistic inference, including novel techniques, applications, and work that sheds new light on the foundations of inference. Addressed are inverse and uncertainty quantification (UQ) and problems arising from a large variety of applications, such as earth science, astrophysics, material and plasma science, imaging in geophysics and medicine, nondestructive testing, density estimation, remote sensing, Gaussian process (GP) regression, optimal experimental design, data assimilation, and data mining.

Equilibrium Statistical Physics

Equilibrium Statistical Physics
  • Author : Michael Plischke,Birger Bergersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9810216424
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Summary : This textbook concentrates on modern topics in statistical physics with an emphasis on strongly interacting condensed matter systems. The book is self-contained and is suitable for beginning graduate students in physics and materials science or undergraduates who have taken an introductory course in statistical mechanics. Phase transitions and critical phenomena are discussed in detail including mean field and Landau theories and the renormalization group approach. The theories are applied to a number of interesting systems such as magnets, liquid crystals, polymers, membranes, interacting Bose and Fermi fluids; disordered systems, percolation and spin of equilibrium concepts are also discussed. Computer simulations of condensed matter systems by Monte Carlo-based and molecular dynamics methods are treated.

XI Brazilian Meeting on Bayesian Statistics

XI Brazilian Meeting on Bayesian Statistics
  • Author : Encontro Brasileiro de Estatística Bayesiana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : OCLC:820358973
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Summary :