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Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control

Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control
  • Author : Keshuang Tang,Manfred Boltze,Hideki Nakamura,Zong Tian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-03
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780128153031
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Summary : Global Practices on Road Traffic Signal Control is a valuable reference on the current state-of-the-art of road traffic signal control around the world. The book provides a detailed description of the common principles of road traffic signal control using a well-defined and consistent format that examines their application in countries and regions across the globe. This important resource considers the differences and special considerations across countries, providing useful insights into selecting control strategies for signal timing at intersections and pedestrian crosswalks. The book's authors also include success stories for coping with increasing traffic-related problems, examining both constraints and the reasons behind them. Presents a comprehensive reference on country-by-country practices on road traffic signal control Compiles and compares approaches across countries Covers theories and common principles Examines the most current systems and their implementation

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention

World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention
  • Author : Marjorie Peden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-09-01
  • Total pages :52
  • ISBN : 9781437904062
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Summary : Every day thousands of people are killed and injured on our roads. Millions of people each year will spend long weeks in the hospital after severe crashes and many will never be able to live, work or play as they used to do. Current efforts to address road safety are minimal in comparison to this growing human suffering. This report presents a comprehensive overview of what is known about the magnitude, risk factors and impact of road traffic injuries, and about ways to prevent and lessen the impact of road crashes. Over 100 experts, from all continents and different sectors -- including transport, engineering, health, police, education and civil society -- have worked to produce the report. Charts and tables.

Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning

Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning
  • Author : Sandhu, Kamaljeet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-26
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9781799851776
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Summary : In a world dependent on digital technologies, business corporations continually try to stay ahead of their competitors by adopting the most updated technology into their business processes. Many companies are adopting digital transformation models, data analytics, big data, data empowerment, and data sharing as key strategies and as service disruptors for information delivery and record management. Higher education institutions have adopted digital service innovation as a core to driving their business processes. Such services are key to ensuring efficiency and improving organizational performance. Digital Transformation and Innovative Services for Business and Learning is a collection of innovative research on the latest digital services and their role in supporting the digital transformation of businesses and education. While highlighting topics including brand equality, digital banking, and generational workforce, this book is ideally designed for managers, executives, IT consultants, industry professionals, academicians, researchers, and students.

ICCOEE2020

ICCOEE2020
  • Author : Bashar S. Mohammed,Nasir Shafiq,Shamsul Rahman M. Kutty,Hisham Mohamad,Abdul-Lateef Balogun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-31
  • Total pages :1135
  • ISBN : 9789813363113
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Summary : This book contains papers presented in the 6th International Conference on Civil, Offshore & Environmental Engineering (ICCOEE2020) under the banner of World Engineering, Science & Technology Congress (ESTCON2020) will be held from 13th to 15th July 2021 at Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. This proceeding contains papers presented by academics and industrial practitioners showcasing the latest advancements and findings in civil engineering areas with an emphasis on sustainability and the Industrial Revolution 4.0. The papers are categorized under the following tracks and topics of research: 1. Resilient Structures and Smart Materials 2. Advanced Construction and Building Information Modelling 3. Smart and Sustainable Infrastructure 4. Advanced Coastal and Offshore Engineering 5. Green Environment and Smart Water Resource Management Systems

Urban Freight Transportation Systems

Urban Freight Transportation Systems
  • Author : Ralf Elbert,Christian Friedrich,Manfred Boltze,Hans-Christian Pfohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-28
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780128173633
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Summary : Urban Freight Transportation Systems offers new insights into the complexities of today’s urban freight transport system. It provides a much needed multidisciplinary perspective from researchers in not only transportation, but also engineering, business management, planning and the law. The book examines numerous critical issues, such as strategies for delivery, logistics and freight transport spatial patterns, urban policy assessment, innovative transportation technologies, urban hubs, and the role factories play in the urban freight transport system. The book offers a novel conceptual approach for addressing the problems of production, logistics and traffic in an urban context. As most of the world's population now live in cities, thus significantly increasing commercial traffic, there are numerous challenges for efficiently and sustainably delivering goods into cities. This book provides solutions and tactics to those challenges. Includes interdisciplinary contributors from around the globe Provides never-before-published original research to help users stay current and develop a deeper understanding of the field Presents the methods and results of research that is useful for both academics and practitioners

Intermodal Freight Transportation

Intermodal Freight Transportation
  • Author : Vasco Reis,Rosario Macario
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9780128144640
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Summary : Intermodal Freight Transportation conceptualizes intermodal transport as a set of physical, logical, financial and contractual flows, examining the barriers that impact intermodal freight services and the resulting performance variables. The book covers transport modes, agents, supply and demand patterns, key drivers, trends influencing the freight transportation sector, the evolution of supply and logistics chains, and the impacts of technological advancements, such as autonomous vehicles and e-commerce. In addition, the book covers transport agents, such as shippers, freight forwarders, integrators, and customs, as well as the demand for freight transport services and the key properties of goods. Readers will find a variety of new tools for analyzing and building effective transport chains that addresses component technology, information, responsibility, and financing dimension, along with sections on key organizational, regulatory, infrastructure and technological barriers. The book concludes with a look into the future of the freight transport sector. Presents a step-by-step approach that introduces key topics for understanding efficient intermodal transportation Focuses on the concept of fitness between the modes of transport profiles Contains numerous, real-world case studies throughout Examines performance metrics

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries

Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries
  • Author : Ioanna Kourounioti,Lorant Tavasszy,Hanno Friedrich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-20
  • Total pages :294
  • ISBN : 9780128216811
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Summary : Freight Transport Modeling in Emerging Countries examines freight transport models developed in emerging countries including Turkey, South Africa, India, Chile, and more. It provides a toolbox of successful freight transport model applications, alternative data collection methods, and evaluation techniques for the development of future policies. The book offers solutions for issues related to the urban, national, and international transportation of goods and examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques and their applications in emerging countries. Emerging countries have unique transport-related policies, regulatory structures, logistics systems, and long-term uncertainties that hinder their economic development. This book tackles these issues by examining decision-making models for locating logistics sites such as ports and distribution centers, modeling urban freight movements in megacities and port cities, using existing datasets to get information when data is not available, implementing policies related to the national and international movements of goods, and more. Includes a wide variety of opinions and approaches from subject matter experts around the world Utilizes a case-based approach Includes a range of learning tools that feature chapter openers, end of chapter questions, a glossary, and more Examines new advances in freight transport models and data collection techniques

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018

Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018
  • Author : World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-10
  • Total pages :419
  • ISBN : 9789241565684
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Summary : The Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018, launched by WHO in December 2018, highlights that the number of annual road traffic deaths has reached 1.35 million. Road traffic injuries are now the leading killer of people aged 5-29 years.The burden is disproportionately borne by pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, in particular those living in developing countries. The report suggests that the price paid for mobility is too high, especially because proven measures exist. Drastic action is needed to put these measures in place to meet any future global target that might be set and save lives.

Autonomic Road Transport Support Systems

Autonomic Road Transport Support Systems
  • Author : Thomas Leo McCluskey,Apostolos Kotsialos,Jörg P. Müller,Franziska Klügl,Omer Rana,René Schumann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-03
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9783319258089
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Summary : The work on Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) presented here aims at meeting the challenge of engineering autonomic behavior in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) by fusing research from the disciplines of traffic engineering and autonomic computing. Ideas and techniques from leading edge artificial intelligence research have been adapted for ITS over the last 30 years. Examples include adaptive control embedded in real time traffic control systems, heuristic algorithms (e.g. in SAT-NAV systems), image processing and computer vision (e.g. in automated surveillance interpretation). Autonomic computing which is inspired from the biological example of the body’s autonomic nervous system is a more recent development. It allows for a more efficient management of heterogeneous distributed computing systems. In the area of computing, autonomic systems are endowed with a number of properties that are generally referred to as self-X properties, including self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimization, self-protection and more generally self-management. Some isolated examples of autonomic properties such as self-adaptation have found their way into ITS technology and have already proved beneficial. This edited volume provides a comprehensive introduction to Autonomic Road Transport Support (ARTS) and describes the development of ARTS systems. It starts out with the visions, opportunities and challenges, then presents the foundations of ARTS and the platforms and methods used and it closes with experiences from real-world applications and prototypes of emerging applications. This makes it suitable for researchers and practitioners in the fields of autonomic computing, traffic and transport management and engineering, AI, and software engineering. Graduate students will benefit from state-of-the-art description, the study of novel methods and the case studies provided.

Traffic Signal Systems 2013

Traffic Signal Systems 2013
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : OCLC:1066399218
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Summary : "TRB's Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2356 contains 14 papers that review an intelligent dilemma-zone protection system for a high-speed rural intersection; adaptive signal control in Germany; queue length under connected vehicle technology; a coordinated optimization model for signal timings of full continuous flow intersections; and, transit priority strategies for multiple routes under headway-based operations. This TRR also explores multiregime adaptive signal control for congested urban roadway networks; metered entry volume on an oversaturated network with dynamic signal timing; arterial queue spillback detection and signal control based on connected vehicle technology; a coordinated optimization model for transit priority control under arterial progression; and, a dynamic programming approach for arterial signal optimization. In addition, this issue examines self-organizing control logic for oversaturated arterials; microwave radar vehicle detectors at a signalized intersection under adverse weather conditions; a performance diagnosis tool for arterial traffic signals; and, a statistical study of the impact of adaptive traffic signal control on traffic and transit performance."--Online abstract.

The Geography of Transport Systems

The Geography of Transport Systems
  • Author : Jean-Paul Rodrigue,Claude Comtois,Brian Slack
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-18
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781136777325
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Summary : Mobility is fundamental to economic and social activities such as commuting, manufacturing, or supplying energy. Each movement has an origin, a potential set of intermediate locations, a destination, and a nature which is linked with geographical attributes. Transport systems composed of infrastructures, modes and terminals are so embedded in the socio-economic life of individuals, institutions and corporations that they are often invisible to the consumer. This is paradoxical as the perceived invisibility of transportation is derived from its efficiency. Understanding how mobility is linked with geography is main the purpose of this book. The third edition of The Geography of Transport Systems has been revised and updated to provide an overview of the spatial aspects of transportation. This text provides greater discussion of security, energy, green logistics, as well as new and updated case studies, a revised content structure, and new figures. Each chapter covers a specific conceptual dimension including networks, modes, terminals, freight transportation, urban transportation and environmental impacts. A final chapter contains core methodologies linked with transport geography such as accessibility, spatial interactions, graph theory and Geographic Information Systems for transportation (GIS-T). This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field, with a broad overview of its concepts, methods, and areas of application. The accompanying website for this text contains a useful additional material, including digital maps, PowerPoint slides, databases, and links to further reading and websites. The website can be accessed at: http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans This text is an essential resource for undergraduates studying transport geography, as well as those interest in economic and urban geography, transport planning and engineering.

Road Traffic Congestion: A Concise Guide

Road Traffic Congestion: A Concise Guide
  • Author : John C. Falcocchio,Herbert S. Levinson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-13
  • Total pages :401
  • ISBN : 9783319151656
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Summary : This book on road traffic congestion in cities and suburbs describes congestion problems and shows how they can be relieved. The first part (Chapters 1 - 3) shows how congestion reflects transportation technologies and settlement patterns. The second part (Chapters 4 - 13) describes the causes, characteristics, and consequences of congestion. The third part (Chapters 14 - 23) presents various relief strategies - including supply adaptation and demand mitigation - for nonrecurring and recurring congestion. The last part (Chapter 24) gives general guidelines for congestion relief and provides a general outlook for the future. The book will be useful for a wide audience - including students, practitioners and researchers in a variety of professional endeavors: traffic engineers, transportation planners, public transport specialists, city planners, public administrators, and private enterprises that depend on transportation for their activities.

Handbook of Traffic Psychology

Handbook of Traffic Psychology
  • Author : Bryan E. Porter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-22
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 0123819857
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Summary : The Handbook of Traffic Psychology covers all key areas of research in this field including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce risk on roadways. Comprehensive in scope, the methodology section includes case-control studies, self-report instruments and methods, field methods and naturalistic observational techniques, instrumented vehicles and in-car recording techniques, modeling and simulation methods, in vivo methods, clinical assessment, and crash datasets and analyses. Experienced researchers will better understand what methods are most useful for what kinds of studies and students can better understand the myriad of techniques used in this discipline. Focuses specifically on traffic, as opposed to transport Covers all key areas of research in traffic psychology including theory, applications, methodology and analyses, variables that affect traffic, driver problem behaviors, and countermeasures to reduce the risk of variables and behavior Contents include how to conduct traffic research and how to analyze data Contributors come from more than 10 countries, including US, UK, Japan, Netherlands, Ireland, Switzerland, Mexico, Australia, Canada, Turkey, France, Finland, Norway, Israel, and South Africa

The Commanding Heights

The Commanding Heights
  • Author : Daniel Yergin,Joseph Stanislaw
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-26
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781847375919
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Summary : The most powerful force in the world economy today is the redefinition of the relationship between state and marketplace - a process that goes by the name of privatization though this term is inadequate to express its far-reaching changes. We are moving from an era in which governments sought to seize and control the 'commanding heights' of the economy to an era in which the idea of free markets is capturing the commanding heights of world economic thinking. Basic views of how society ought to be organized are undergoing rapid change, trillions of dollars are changing hands and so is fundamental political power. Great new wealth is being created - as are huge opportunities and huge risks. Taking a worldwide perspective, including Britain, where the process began with Mrs Thatcher, Europe and the former USSR, China, Latin America and the US, THE COMMANDING HEIGHTS shows how a revolution in ideas is transforming the world economy - why it is happening, how it can go wrong and what it will mean for the global economy going into the twenty-first century.

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock

Tackling Climate Change Through Livestock
  • Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :115
  • ISBN : 9789251079201
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Summary : Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. FAO conducted a detailed analysis of GHG emissions at multiple stages of various livestock supply chains, including the production and transport of animal feed, on-farm energy use, emissions from animal digestion and manure decay, as well as the post-slaughter transport, refrigeration and packaging of animal products. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestocks contribution to global warming as well as the sectors potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.

Assessing and Managing the Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads

Assessing and Managing the Ecological Impacts of Paved Roads
  • Author : National Research Council,Transportation Research Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Ecological Impacts of Road Density
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-22
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0309164834
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Summary : All phases of road developmentâ€"from construction and use by vehicles to maintenanceâ€"affect physical and chemical soil conditions, water flow, and air and water quality, as well as plants and animals. Roads and traffic can alter wildlife habitat, cause vehicle-related mortality, impede animal migration, and disperse nonnative pest species of plants and animals. Integrating environmental considerations into all phases of transportation is an important, evolving process. The increasing awareness of environmental issues has made road development more complex and controversial. Over the past two decades, the Federal Highway Administration and state transportation agencies have increasingly recognized the importance of the effects of transportation on the natural environment. This report provides guidance on ways to reconcile the different goals of road development and environmental conservation. It identifies the ecological effects of roads that can be evaluated in the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of roads and offers several recommendations to help better understand and manage ecological impacts of paved roads.

Urban Bikeway Design Guide, Second Edition

Urban Bikeway Design Guide, Second Edition
  • Author : National Association of City Transportation Officials
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-24
  • Total pages :257
  • ISBN : 9781610915656
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Summary : NACTO's Urban Bikeway Design Guide quickly emerged as the preeminent resource for designing safe, protected bikeways in cities across the United States. It has been completely re-designed with an even more accessible layout. The Guide offers updated graphic profiles for all of its bicycle facilities, a subsection on bicycle boulevard planning and design, and a survey of materials used for green color in bikeways. The Guide continues to build upon the fast-changing state of the practice at the local level. It responds to and accelerates innovative street design and practice around the nation.

Belt and Road Economics

Belt and Road Economics
  • Author : World Bank
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-16
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 9781464814655
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Summary : China proposed the Belt and Road Initiative in 2013 to improve connectivity and cooperation on a transcontinental scale. This study, by a team of World Bank Group economists led by Michele Ruta, analyzes the economics of the initiative. It assesses the connectivity gaps between economies along the initiative’s corridors, examines the costs and economic effects of the infrastructure improvements proposed under the initiative, and identifies complementary policy reforms and institutions that will support welfare maximization and mitigation of risks for participating economies.

Autonomous Driving

Autonomous Driving
  • Author : Markus Maurer,J. Christian Gerdes,Barbara Lenz,Hermann Winner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-21
  • Total pages :706
  • ISBN : 9783662488478
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Summary : This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies? Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatment of the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

World Report on Child Injury Prevention

World Report on Child Injury Prevention
  • Author : C. Branche,J. Ozanne-Smith,K. Oyebite,A. A. Hyder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 9789241563574
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Summary : "Child injuries have been neglected for many years, and are largely absent from child survival initiatives presently on the global agenda. Through this World report on child injury prevention, the World Health Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund and many partners have set out to elevate child injury to a priority for the global public health and development communities. The knowledge and experience of nearly two hundred experts from all continents and various sectors were invaluable in grounding the report in the realities faced in many countries. This World report on child injury prevention should be seen as a complement to the UN Secretary-General's study on violence against children released in late 2006. That report addressed violence-related or intentional injuries. Both reports suggest that child injury and violence prevention programmes need to be integrated into child survival and other broad strategies focused on improving the lives of children. Evidence demonstrates the dramatic successes in child injury prevention in countries which have made a concerted effort. These results make a case for increasing investments in human resources and institutional capacities. This would permit the development, implementation and evaluation of programmes to stem the tide of child injury and enhance the health and well-being of children and their families the world over. Implementing proven interventions could save more than a thousand children's lives a day." - p. vii.

TCP/IP Network Administration

TCP/IP Network Administration
  • Author : Craig Hunt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-04-04
  • Total pages :748
  • ISBN : 1449390781
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Summary : This complete guide to setting up and running a TCP/IP network is essential for network administrators, and invaluable for users of home systems that access the Internet. The book starts with the fundamentals -- what protocols do and how they work, how addresses and routing are used to move data through the network, how to set up your network connection -- and then covers, in detail, everything you need to know to exchange information via the Internet.Included are discussions on advanced routing protocols (RIPv2, OSPF, and BGP) and the gated software package that implements them, a tutorial on configuring important network services -- including DNS, Apache, sendmail, Samba, PPP, and DHCP -- as well as expanded chapters on troubleshooting and security. TCP/IP Network Administration is also a command and syntax reference for important packages such as gated, pppd, named, dhcpd, and sendmail.With coverage that includes Linux, Solaris, BSD, and System V TCP/IP implementations, the third edition contains: Overview of TCP/IP Delivering the data Network services Getting startedM Basic configuration Configuring the interface Configuring routing Configuring DNS Configuring network servers Configuring sendmail Configuring Apache Network security Troubleshooting Appendices include dip, ppd, and chat reference, a gated reference, a dhcpd reference, and a sendmail reference This new edition includes ways of configuring Samba to provide file and print sharing on networks that integrate Unix and Windows, and a new chapter is dedicated to the important task of configuring the Apache web server. Coverage of network security now includes details on OpenSSH, stunnel, gpg, iptables, and the access control mechanism in xinetd. Plus, the book offers updated information about DNS, including details on BIND 8 and BIND 9, the role of classless IP addressing and network prefixes, and the changing role of registrars.Without a doubt, TCP/IP Network Administration, 3rd Edition is a must-have for all network administrators and anyone who deals with a network that transmits data over the Internet.