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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences
  • Author : George P. Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-26
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 9780128196939
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Summary : GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences offers an interdisciplinary approach to applying advances in GPS/GNSS technology for geoscience research and practice. As GPS/GNSS signals can be used to provide useful information about the Earth’s surface characteristics and land surface composition, GPS equipment and services for commercial purposes continues to grow, thus resulting in new expectations and demands. This book provides case studies for a deeper understanding of the operation and principles of widely applied approaches and the benefits of the technology in everyday research and activities. Presents processing, methods and techniques of GPS/GNSS implementation that are utilized in in-situ data collection in design and systems analysis Offers an all-inclusive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art in different algorithms and techniques in GPS/GNSS Addresses both theoretical and applied research contributions on the use of this technology in a variety of geoscience disciplines

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Author : B. Bhatta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9788178002200
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Summary : Chapter 1 Overview of GNSS Chapter 2 Functional Segments of GNSS Chapter 3 Working Principle of GNSS Chapter 4 GNSS Signals and Range Determination Chapter 5 Errors and Accuracy Issues Chapter 6 Positioning Methods Chapter 7 GNSS Augmentations and Other Navigation Satellite Systems Chapter 8 GNSS Receivers Chapter 9 Geodesy Chapter 10 Applications of GNSS Chapter 11 Surveying with GNSS Appendix A Mapping Issues Glossary References Index

Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics

Digital Satellite Navigation and Geophysics
  • Author : Ivan G. Petrovski,Toshiaki Tsujii
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-29
  • Total pages :321
  • ISBN : 9780521760546
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Summary : Your hands-on guide to GNSS theory and applications, with practical case studies and bundled real-time software receiver and signal simulator.

GNSS Remote Sensing

GNSS Remote Sensing
  • Author : Shuanggen Jin,Estel Cardellach,Feiqin Xie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-01
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9789400774827
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Summary : The versatile and available GNSS signals can detect the Earth’s surface environments as a new, highly precise, continuous, all-weather and near-real-time remote sensing tool. This book presents the theory and methods of GNSS remote sensing as well as its applications in the atmosphere, oceans, land and hydrology. Ground-based atmospheric sensing, space-borne atmospheric sensing, reflectometry, ocean remote sensing, hydrology sensing as well as cryosphere sensing with the GNSS will be discussed per chapter in the book.

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences

Geodetic Time Series Analysis in Earth Sciences
  • Author : Jean-Philippe Montillet,Machiel S. Bos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-16
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9783030217181
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Summary : This book provides an essential appraisal of the recent advances in technologies, mathematical models and computational software used by those working with geodetic data. It explains the latest methods in processing and analyzing geodetic time series data from various space missions (i.e. GNSS, GRACE) and other technologies (i.e. tide gauges), using the most recent mathematical models. The book provides practical examples of how to apply these models to estimate seal level rise as well as rapid and evolving land motion changes due to gravity (ice sheet loss) and earthquakes respectively. It also provides a necessary overview of geodetic software and where to obtain them.

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences

Satellites Missions and Technologies for Geosciences
  • Author : Vladislav Demyanov,Jonathan Becedas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-22
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9781789859959
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Summary : Being a vital modern technology, satellite systems for navigation, telecommunication, and geosciences have developed rapidly in the last 25 years. Modern satellite technologies have become a base of our civilization and support our day-to-day activity in both practice and geosciences. This book is devoted to GNSS-remote sensing for ionosphere research, modeling and mitigation techniques to diminish the ionosphere and multipath impacts on GNSS, and survey of the modern satellite missions and technologies. We hope that the experts’ opinions presented in the book will be interesting for the research community and students in the area of satellites and space missions as well as in engineering and geoscience research.

Accuracy of GNSS Methods

Accuracy of GNSS Methods
  • Author : Dogan Ugur Sanli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-16
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9781789849257
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Summary : Following the GPS, new GNSS techniques are emerging today. Various surveying and processing methods are available for the analysis of GNSS data. Equipment and software are also varied. The orbit quality, controlled by the system designer, and the IGS are continuously improved. The user is mainly interested in the quality of position and of the deformation rates produced by the GNSS. Hence, research needs to guide the user in terms of selecting the best combination of the available methods and instrumentation to produce the desired accuracy. This book reviews the current available accuracy obtainable using the GNSS methods. In fact, the main aim of this book is to make an impact on young researchers so that they keep updating the accuracy of GNSS for future generations.

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure

Precise Geodetic Infrastructure
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Seismology and Geodynamics,Committee on the National Requirements for Precision Geodetic Infrastructure
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-25
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 0309163293
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Summary : Geodesy is the science of accurately measuring and understanding three fundamental properties of Earth: its geometric shape, its orientation in space, and its gravity field, as well as the changes of these properties with time. Over the past half century, the United States, in cooperation with international partners, has led the development of geodetic techniques and instrumentation. Geodetic observing systems provide a significant benefit to society in a wide array of military, research, civil, and commercial areas, including sea level change monitoring, autonomous navigation, tighter low flying routes for strategic aircraft, precision agriculture, civil surveying, earthquake monitoring, forest structural mapping and biomass estimation, and improved floodplain mapping. Recognizing the growing reliance of a wide range of scientific and societal endeavors on infrastructure for precise geodesy, and recognizing geodetic infrastructure as a shared national resource, this book provides an independent assessment of the benefits provided by geodetic observations and networks, as well as a plan for the future development and support of the infrastructure needed to meet the demand for increasingly greater precision. Precise Geodetic Infrastructure makes a series of focused recommendations for upgrading and improving specific elements of the infrastructure, for enhancing the role of the United States in international geodetic services, for evaluating the requirements for a geodetic workforce for the coming decades, and for providing national coordination and advocacy for the various agencies and organizations that contribute to the geodetic infrastructure.

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Springer Handbook of Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Author : Peter Teunissen,Oliver Montenbruck
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-16
  • Total pages :1327
  • ISBN : 9783319429281
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Summary : This Handbook presents a complete and rigorous overview of the fundamentals, methods and applications of the multidisciplinary field of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), providing an exhaustive, one-stop reference work and a state-of-the-art description of GNSS as a key technology for science and society at large. All global and regional satellite navigation systems, both those currently in operation and those under development (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, BeiDou, QZSS, IRNSS/NAVIC, SBAS), are examined in detail. The functional principles of receivers and antennas, as well as the advanced algorithms and models for GNSS parameter estimation, are rigorously discussed. The book covers the broad and diverse range of land, marine, air and space applications, from everyday GNSS to high-precision scientific applications and provides detailed descriptions of the most widely used GNSS format standards, covering receiver formats as well as IGS product and meta-data formats. The full coverage of the field of GNSS is presented in seven parts, from its fundamentals, through the treatment of global and regional navigation satellite systems, of receivers and antennas, and of algorithms and models, up to the broad and diverse range of applications in the areas of positioning and navigation, surveying, geodesy and geodynamics, and remote sensing and timing. Each chapter is written by international experts and amply illustrated with figures and photographs, making the book an invaluable resource for scientists, engineers, students and institutions alike.

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS

Multifunctional Operation and Application of GPS
  • Author : Rustam B. Rustamov,A.M. Hashimov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-30
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781789232141
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Summary : Today, Global Positioning System (GPS) has taken a significant place in human life with wide-scale applications. It is a multi-use, space-based radio-navigation system, embracing defense and security, civil, commercial, and scientific research needs. Taking into account the importance of the system, it has been suggested to present current advances of GPS with attention focused on vital aspects of technology. This book provides a general description of GPS, GNSS, and GLONASS with reference to the improvement of characteristics of the segments, including software applications and the equipment itself containing GPS. The book also provides information on application areas. Equally, a number of common shortcomings and errors are described, and elimination and mnimization of such consequences are demonstrated.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Global Navigation Satellite Systems
  • Author : National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-27
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780309222754
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Summary : The Global Positioning System (GPS) has revolutionized the measurement of position, velocity, and time. It has rapidly evolved into a worldwide utility with more than a billion receiver sets currently in use that provide enormous benefits to humanity: improved safety of life, increased productivity, and wide-spread convenience. Global Navigation Satellite Systems summarizes the joint workshop on Global Navigation Satellite Systems held jointly by the U.S. National Academy of Engineering and the Chinese Academy of Engineering on May 24-25, 2011 at Hongqiao Guest Hotel in Shanghai, China. "We have one world, and only one set of global resources. It is important to work together on satellite navigation. Competing and cooperation is like Yin and Yang. They need to be balanced," stated Dr. Charles M. Vest, President of the National Academy of Engineering, in the workshop's opening remarks. Global Navigation Satellite Systems covers the objectives of the workshop, which explore issues of enhanced interoperability and interchangeability for all civil users aimed to consider collaborative efforts for countering the global threat of inadvertent or illegal interference to GNSS signals, promotes new applications for GNSS, emphasizing productivity, safety, and environmental protection. The workshop featured presentations chosen based on the following criteria: they must have relevant engineering/technical content or usefulness; be of mutual interest; offer the opportunity for enhancing GNSS availability, accuracy, integrity, and/or continuity; and offer the possibility of recommendations for further actions and discussions. Global Navigation Satellite Systems is an essential report for engineers, workshop attendees, policy makers, educators, and relevant government agencies.

Multi-purposeful Application of Geospatial Data

Multi-purposeful Application of Geospatial Data
  • Author : Rustam B. Rustamov,Sabina Hasanova,Mahfuza H. Zeynalova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-09
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781789231083
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Summary : This book is dedicated toward space technology application in Earth studies based on the use of a variety of methods for satellite information classification and interpretation. Advantages of geospatial data use in a large-scale area of observation and monitoring as a source of decision-making stage have been demonstrated. The book describes navigation systems providing data estimation method and review of existing data in the literature relevant to remote sensing sensors delivering main information electromagnetic spectrum and a variety of sensor applications. This aspect is important when combining/integrating satellite data processing into the field measurements. Satellites and satellite data application for the study of Earth features have been demonstrated as the next step of geospatial data application. The use of different purposeful processing technology applications of satellite data is one of the vital aspects of space technology advances. The use of GNSS GPS technology in industry and MODIS images and data interpretation for agriculture purposes has been presented. It was the aim of the book to create an attractive environment by presenting space technology application in the wide areas of Earth study. For this purpose, some of the book chapters are dedicated toward space technology advances in climate monitoring, natural disaster factor detection, satellite data processing optimization, and GIS technology for meteorology information with the aim of agriculture developments.

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences

Reference Frames for Applications in Geosciences
  • Author : Zuheir Altamimi,Xavier Collilieux
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-13
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9783642329982
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Summary : Reference systems and frames are of primary importance for many Earth science applications, satellite navigation as well as for practical applications in geo-information. A precisely defined reference frame is needed for the quantification of, e.g. Earth rotation and its gravity field, global and regional sea level variation, tectonic motion and deformation, post-glacial rebound, geocenter motion, large scale deformation due to Earthquakes, local subsidence and other ruptures and crustal dislocations. All of these important scientific applications fundamentally depend on a truly global reference system that only space geodesy can realize. This volume details the proceedigns of the IAG Symposium REFAG2010 (Marne la Vallée, France, October 4-8, 2010) The primary scope of REFAG2010 was to address today’s achievements on theoretical concepts of reference systems and their practical implementations by individual space geodetic techniques and their combinations, underlying limiting factors, systematic errors and novel approaches for future improvements.

Satellite Geodesy

Satellite Geodesy
  • Author : Günter Seeber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-01
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9783110200089
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Summary : Completely revised and updated edition. The book covers the entire field of satellite geodesy (status spring/\break summer 2002). Basic chapters on reference systems, time, signal propagation, and satellite orbits are updated. All currently important observation methods are included and also all newly launched satellites of interest to geodesy. Particular emphasis is given to the current status of the Global Positioning System (GPS), which covers now about one third of the book. A new chapter on Differential GPS and active GPS reference networks is included. The GPS modernization plans, GLONASS, the forthcoming European system GALILEO, modern developments in GPS data analysis, error modelling, precise real time methods and ambiguity resolution are dealt with in detail. New satellite laser ranging missions, new altimetry missions (e.g. TOPEX/Poseidon, ERS-1/2, GFO, JASON), and new and forthcoming gravity field missions (CHAMP, GRACE, GOCE) are also considered. The book serves as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a reference for professionals and scientists in the field of engineering and geosciences such as geodesy, surveying, geo-information, navigation, geophysics and oceanography.

The Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-07-01
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780309052832
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Summary : The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system that was originally designed for the U.S. military. However, the number of civilian GPS users now exceeds the military users, and many commercial markets have emerged. This book identifies technical improvements that would enhance military, civilian, and commercial use of the GPS. Several technical improvements are recommended that could be made to enhance the overall system performance.

Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems, Second Edition

Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems, Second Edition
  • Author : Paul D. Groves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-01
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781608070053
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Summary : This newly revised and greatly expanded edition of the popular Artech House book Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems offers you a current and comprehensive understanding of satellite navigation, inertial navigation, terrestrial radio navigation, dead reckoning, and environmental feature matching . It provides both an introduction to navigation systems and an in-depth treatment of INS/GNSS and multisensor integration. The second edition offers a wealth of added and updated material, including a brand new chapter on the principles of radio positioning and a chapter devoted to important applications in the field. Other updates include expanded treatments of map matching, image-based navigation, attitude determination, acoustic positioning, pedestrian navigation, advanced GNSS techniques, and several terrestrial and short-range radio positioning technologies .. The book shows you how satellite, inertial, and other navigation technologies work, and focuses on processing chains and error sources. In addition, you get a clear introduction to coordinate frames, multi-frame kinematics, Earth models, gravity, Kalman filtering, and nonlinear filtering. Providing solutions to common integration problems, the book describes and compares different integration architectures, and explains how to model different error sources. You get a broad and penetrating overview of current technology and are brought up to speed with the latest developments in the field, including context-dependent and cooperative positioning.

Structure from Motion in the Geosciences

Structure from Motion in the Geosciences
  • Author : Jonathan L. Carrivick,Mark W. Smith,Duncan J. Quincey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-15
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781118895825
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Summary : Structure from Motion with Multi View Stereo provides hyperscale landform models using images acquired from standard compact cameras and a network of ground control points. The technique is not limited in temporal frequency and can provide point cloud data comparable in density and accuracy to those generated by terrestrial and airborne laser scanning at a fraction of the cost. It therefore offers exciting opportunities to characterise surface topography in unprecedented detail and, with multi-temporal data, to detect elevation, position and volumetric changes that are symptomatic of earth surface processes. This book firstly places Structure from Motion in the context of other digital surveying methods and details the Structure from Motion workflow including available software packages and assessments of uncertainty and accuracy. It then critically reviews current usage of Structure from Motion in the geosciences, provides a synthesis of recent validation studies and looks to the future by highlighting opportunities arising from developments in allied disciplines. This book will appeal to academics, students and industry professionals because it balances technical knowledge of the Structure from Motion workflow with practical guidelines for image acquisition, image processing and data quality assessment and includes case studies that have been contributed by experts from around the world.

GPS For Dummies

GPS For Dummies
  • Author : Joel McNamara
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-17
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 0470457856
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Summary : Need directions? Are you good at getting lost? Then GPS is just the technology you’ve dreamed of, and GPS For Dummies is what you need to help you make the most of it. If you have a GPS unit or plan to buy one, GPS For Dummies, 2nd Edition helps you compare GPS technologies, units, and uses. You’ll find out how to create and use digital maps and learn about waypoints, tracks, coordinate systems, and other key point to using GPS technology. Get more from your GPS device by learning to use Web-hosted mapping services and even how to turn your cell phone or PDA into a GPS receiver. You’ll also discover: Up-to-date information on the capabilities of popular handheld and automotive Global Positioning Systems How to read a map and how to get more from the free maps available online The capabilities and limitations of GPS technology, and how satellites and radio systems make GPS work How to interface your GPS receiver with your computer and what digital mapping software can offer Why a cell phone with GPS capability isn’t the same as a GPS unit What can affect your GPS reading and how accurate it will be How to use Street Atlas USA, TopoFusion, Google Earth, and other tools Fun things to do with GPS, such as exploring topographical maps, aerial imagery, and the sport of geocaching Most GPS receivers do much more than their owners realize. With GPS For Dummies, 2nd Edition in hand, you’ll venture forth with confidence!

Global Geodetic Observing System

Global Geodetic Observing System
  • Author : Hans-Peter Plag,Michael Pearlman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-25
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9783642026874
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Summary : The Global Geodetic Observing System (GGOS) has been established by the Int- national Association of Geodesy (IAG) in order to integrate the three fundamental areas of geodesy, so as to monitor geodetic parameters and their temporal varia- ?9 tions, in a global reference frame with a target relative accuracy of 10 or b- ter. These areas, often called ‘pillars’, deal with the determination and evolution of (a) the Earth’s geometry (topography, bathymetry, ice surface, sea level), (b) the Earth’s rotation and orientation (polar motion, rotation rate, nutation, etc. ), and (c) the Earth’s gravity eld (gravity, geoid). Therefore, Earth Observation on a global scale is at the heart of GGOS’s activities, which contributes to Global Change - search through the monitoring, as well as the modeling, of dynamic Earth processes such as, for example, mass and angular momentum exchanges, mass transport and ocean circulation, and changes in sea, land and ice surfaces. To achieve such an - bitious goal, GGOS relies on an integrated network of current and future terrestrial, airborne and satellite systems and technologies. These include: various positioning, navigation, remote sensing and dedicated gravity and altimetry satellite missions; global ground networks of VLBI, SLR, DORIS, GNSS and absolute and relative gravity stations; and airborne gravity, mapping and remote sensing systems.

Global Positioning Systems in Geosciences

Global Positioning Systems in Geosciences
  • Author : Stelios P. Mertikas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :451
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105016425121
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Summary :

Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century, Volumes 1 and 2

Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century, Volumes 1 and 2
  • Author : Y. Jade Morton,Frank van Diggelen,James J. Spilker, Jr.,Bradford W. Parkinson,Sherman Lo,Grace Gao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-17
  • Total pages :2064
  • ISBN : 9781119458425
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Summary : Covers the latest developments in PNT technologies, including integrated satellite navigation, sensor systems, and civil applications Featuring sixty-four chapters that are divided into six parts, this two-volume work provides comprehensive coverage of the state-of-the-art in satellite-based position, navigation, and timing (PNT) technologies and civilian applications. It also examines alternative navigation technologies based on other signals-of-opportunity and sensors and offers a comprehensive treatment on integrated PNT systems for consumer and commercial applications. Volume 1 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications contains three parts and focuses on the satellite navigation systems, technologies, and engineering and scientific applications. It starts with a historical perspective of GPS development and other related PNT development. Current global and regional navigation satellite systems (GNSS and RNSS), their inter-operability, signal quality monitoring, satellite orbit and time synchronization, and ground- and satellite-based augmentation systems are examined. Recent progresses in satellite navigation receiver technologies and challenges for operations in multipath-rich urban environment, in handling spoofing and interference, and in ensuring PNT integrity are addressed. A section on satellite navigation for engineering and scientific applications finishes off the volume. Volume 2 of Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications consists of three parts and addresses PNT using alternative signals and sensors and integrated PNT technologies for consumer and commercial applications. It looks at PNT using various radio signals-of-opportunity, atomic clock, optical, laser, magnetic field, celestial, MEMS and inertial sensors, as well as the concept of navigation from Low-Earth Orbiting (LEO) satellites. GNSS-INS integration, neuroscience of navigation, and animal navigation are also covered. The volume finishes off with a collection of work on contemporary PNT applications such as survey and mobile mapping, precision agriculture, wearable systems, automated driving, train control, commercial unmanned aircraft systems, aviation, and navigation in the unique Arctic environment. In addition, this text: Serves as a complete reference and handbook for professionals and students interested in the broad range of PNT subjects Includes chapters that focus on the latest developments in GNSS and other navigation sensors, techniques, and applications Illustrates interconnecting relationships between various types of technologies in order to assure more protected, tough, and accurate PNT Position, Navigation, and Timing Technologies in the 21st Century: Integrated Satellite Navigation, Sensor Systems, and Civil Applications will appeal to all industry professionals, researchers, and academics involved with the science, engineering, and applications of position, navigation, and timing technologies. pnt21book.com