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Handbook of Alkali-Activated Cements, Mortars and Concretes

Handbook of Alkali-Activated Cements, Mortars and Concretes
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,João Labrincha,C Leonelli,A Palomo,P Chindaprasit
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-20
  • Total pages :852
  • ISBN : 1782422889
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Summary : This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on new developments in alkali-activation. The main binder of concrete, Portland cement, represents almost 80% of the total CO2 emissions of concrete which are about 6 to 7% of the Planet’s total CO2 emissions. This is particularly serious in the current context of climate change and it could get even worse because the demand for Portland cement is expected to increase by almost 200% by 2050 from 2010 levels, reaching 6000 million tons/year. Alkali-activated binders represent an alternative to Portland cement having higher durability and a lower CO2 footprint. Reviews the chemistry, mix design, manufacture and properties of alkali-activated cement-based concrete binders Considers performance in adverse environmental conditions. Offers equal emphasis on the science behind the technology and its use in civil engineering.

Alkali-Activated Cements and Concretes

Alkali-Activated Cements and Concretes
  • Author : Caijun Shi,Della Roy,Pavel Krivenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-10
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0203390679
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Summary : The first English-language book which reviews and summarizes worldwide research advances in alkali-activated cements and concrete. Essential topics include: raw materials and their properties for the production of the two new types of binder the hydration and microstructure development of alkali-activated slag cements the mechanical properties and durability of alkali-activated slag cement and concrete other various cementing systems and their applications related standards and specifications. This respected team of authors has produced an important piece of research that will be of great interest to professionals and academics alike, enabling the production of more durable and environmentally sensitive materials.

Handbook of Low Carbon Concrete

Handbook of Low Carbon Concrete
  • Author : Ali Nazari,Jay G Sanjayan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-30
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 012804540X
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Summary : Handbook of Low Carbon Concrete brings together the latest breakthroughs in the design, production, and application of low carbon concrete. In this handbook, the editors and contributors have paid extra attention to the emissions generated by coarse aggregates, emissions due to fine aggregates, and emissions due to cement, fly ash, GGBFS, and admixtures. In addition, the book provides expert coverage on emissions due to concrete batching, transport and placement, and emissions generated by typical commercially produced concretes. Includes the tools and methods for reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases Explores technologies, such as carbon capture, storage, and substitute cements Provides essential data that helps determine the unique factors involved in designing large, new green cement plants

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-efficient Construction
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Maria Vittoria Diamanti,Ali Nazari,Claes Goran-Granqvist,Alina Pruna,Serji Amirkhanian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-22
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 0081026420
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Summary : Covering the latest technologies, Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. The book contains a special focus on applications concerning concrete and cement, as nanotechnology is driving significant development in concrete technologies. The new edition has 14 new chapters, including 3 new parts: Mortars and concrete related applications; Applications for pavements and other structural materials; and Toxicity, safety handling and environmental impacts. Civil engineers requiring an understanding of eco-efficient construction materials, as well as researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry will find this updated reference to be highly valuable. Addresses issues such as toxicity and LCA aspects New chapters covering safety handling on occupational exposure of nanoparticles and the assessment of personal exposure to airborne nanomaterials Discusses the effects of adding nano-particles on the durability and on the properties of geopolymers

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials

Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Caijun Shi,Angel Palomo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-18
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 0081024479
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Summary : Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Cementitious Construction Materials provides an updated, state-of-the-art review on the development of cementitious construction materials based on carbon dioxide storage, which will have a major eco-efficient and economic benefit for the construction industry. Key chapters include methods for the assessment of carbon dioxide absorbed by cementitious materials, air and water-based carbon dioxide storage, carbon dioxide storage modeling, carbonation mechanisms, carbon dioxide storage on recycled aggregates, calcium, sodium and magnesium- based binders, properties and the durability of carbon dioxide based concrete. Promotes the importance of CO2 storage in carbonation of these materials, especially reincorporation of CO2 during fabrication Discusses a wide range of cementitious materials with CO2 storage capabilities Features redesign of cementation mechanisms to utilize CO2 during fabrication

Innovation in Cements for Sustainability

Innovation in Cements for Sustainability
  • Author : John L. Provis,Maria Juenger,Miroslav Komljenovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-03
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 2889633462
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Summary :

Cementitious Materials

Cementitious Materials
  • Author : Herbert Pöllmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-18
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 3110473720
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Summary : Aside from water the materials which are used by mankind in highest quantities arecementitious materials and concrete. This book shows how the quality of the technical product depends on mineral phases and their reactions during the hydration and strengthening process. Additives and admixtures infl uence the course of hydration and the properties. Options of reducing the CO2-production in cementitious materials are presented and numerous examples of unhydrous and hydrous phases and their formation conditions are discussed. This editorial work consists of four parts including cement composition and hydration, Special cement and binder mineral phases, Cementitious and binder materials, and Measurement and properties. Every part contains different contributions and covers a broad range within the area. Contents Part I: Cement composition and hydration Diffraction and crystallography applied to anhydrous cements Diffraction and crystallography applied to hydrating cements Synthesis of highly reactive pure cement phases Thermodynamic modelling of cement hydration: Portland cements – blended cements – calcium sulfoaluminate cements Part II: Special cement and binder mineral phases Role of hydrotalcite-type layered double hydroxides in delayed pozzolanic reactions and their bearing on mortar dating Setting control of CAC by substituted acetic acids and crystal structures of their calcium salts Crystallography and crystal chemistry of AFm phases related to cement chemistry Part III: Cementitious and binder materials Chemistry, design and application of hybrid alkali activated binders Binding materials based on calcium sulphates Magnesia building material (Sorel cement) – from basics to application New CO2-reduced cementitious systems Composition and properties of ternary binders Part IV: Measurement and properties Characterization of microstructural properties of Portland cements by analytical scanning electron microscopy Correlating XRD data with technological properties No cement production without refractories

Alkali Activated Materials

Alkali Activated Materials
  • Author : John L. Provis,Jannie S. J. van Deventer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-19
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9400776721
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Summary : This is a State of the Art Report resulting from the work of RILEM Technical Committee 224-AAM in the period 2007-2013. The Report summarises research to date in the area of alkali-activated binders and concretes, with a particular focus on the following areas: binder design and characterisation, durability testing, commercialisation, standardisation, and providing a historical context for this rapidly-growing research field.

Is Sp 34 : Handbook On Concrete Reinforcement And Detailing

Is Sp 34 : Handbook On Concrete Reinforcement And Detailing
  • Author : Bis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-01-01
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9788170610069
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Summary :

Geopolymers

Geopolymers
  • Author : J L Provis,J S J van Deventer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-22
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 1845696387
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Summary : A geopolymer is a solid aluminosilicate material usually formed by alkali hydroxide or alkali silicate activation of a solid precursor such as coal fly ash, calcined clay and/or metallurgical slag. Today the primary application of geopolymer technology is in the development of reduced-CO2 construction materials as an alternative to Portland-based cements. Geopolymers: structure, processing, properties and industrial applications reviews the latest research on and applications of these highly important materials. Part one discusses the synthesis and characterisation of geopolymers with chapters on topics such as fly ash chemistry and inorganic polymer cements, geopolymer precursor design, nanostructure/microstructure of metakaolin and fly ash geopolymers, and geopolymer synthesis kinetics. Part two reviews the manufacture and properties of geopolymers including accelerated ageing of geopolymers, chemical durability, engineering properties of geopolymer concrete, producing fire and heat-resistant geopolymers, utilisation of mining wastes and thermal properties of geopolymers. Part three covers applications of geopolymers with coverage of topics such as commercialisation of geopolymers for construction, as well as applications in waste management. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Geopolymers: structure, processing, properties and industrial applications is a standard reference for scientists and engineers in industry and the academic sector, including practitioners in the cement and concrete industry as well as those involved in waste reduction and disposal. Discusses the synthesis and characterisation of geopolymers with chapters covering fly ash chemistry and inorganic polymer cements Assesses the application and commercialisation of geopolymers with particular focus on applications in waste management Reviews the latest research on and applications of these highly important materials

Concrete Admixtures Handbook, 2nd Ed.

Concrete Admixtures Handbook, 2nd Ed.
  • Author : V.S. Ramachandran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-12-31
  • Total pages :1183
  • ISBN : 0815516541
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Summary : Since the publication of the first edition ten years ago, significant developments have occurred in the use of admixtures in concrete. Eight new chapters and a full update of the preceding ten chapters bring this book up to date; reflecting the relative advances made in the science and technology of different groups of admixtures. The increased role and development of admixtures in concrete technology is evidenced by a number of conferences, publications, and novel admixtures available in the market place. These developments in the field caused the modification of many chapters in the first edition in order to reflect the advances. Although individual chapters refer to standards and specifications of admixtures, those only interested in the standards or techniques used in investigating admixtures will find the second chapter (Research Technologies, Standards, and Specifications) useful. Admixtures are not as inert as may be presumed. They may chemically interact with the constituents of concrete and affect the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete and its durability. The third chapter deals with these aspects. It was important to devote a chapter to recent attempts in developing new admixtures.

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Vivian Tam,João Labrincha,Yining Ding,Jorge de Brito
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-30
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 0857096907
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Summary : The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts in meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals. Part one considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants and the economics of managing construction and demolition waste. Part two reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste. It begins with a comparison between conventional demolition and construction techniques before going on to discuss the preparation, refinement and quality control of concrete aggregates produced from waste. It concludes by assessing the mechanical properties, strength and durability of concrete made using recycled aggregates. Part three includes examples of the use of recycled aggregates in applications such as roads, pavements, high-performance concrete and alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. Finally, the book discusses environmental and safety issues such as the removal of gypsum, asbestos and alkali-silica reaction (ASR) concrete, as well as life-cycle analysis of concrete with recycled aggregates. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste is a standard reference for all those involved in the civil engineering sector, as well as academic researchers in the field. Summarises key recent research in recycling and reusing concrete and demolition waste to reduce environmental impacts and meet national, regional and global environmental targets Considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants Reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste

Handbook of Recycled Concrete and Demolition Waste
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Vivian Tam,João Labrincha,Yining Ding,Jorge de Brito
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-30
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 0857096907
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Summary : The civil engineering sector accounts for a significant percentage of global material and energy consumption and is a major contributor of waste material. The ability to recycle and reuse concrete and demolition waste is critical to reducing environmental impacts in meeting national, regional and global environmental targets. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste summarises key recent research in achieving these goals. Part one considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants and the economics of managing construction and demolition waste. Part two reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste. It begins with a comparison between conventional demolition and construction techniques before going on to discuss the preparation, refinement and quality control of concrete aggregates produced from waste. It concludes by assessing the mechanical properties, strength and durability of concrete made using recycled aggregates. Part three includes examples of the use of recycled aggregates in applications such as roads, pavements, high-performance concrete and alkali-activated or geopolymer cements. Finally, the book discusses environmental and safety issues such as the removal of gypsum, asbestos and alkali-silica reaction (ASR) concrete, as well as life-cycle analysis of concrete with recycled aggregates. Handbook of recycled concrete and demolition waste is a standard reference for all those involved in the civil engineering sector, as well as academic researchers in the field. Summarises key recent research in recycling and reusing concrete and demolition waste to reduce environmental impacts and meet national, regional and global environmental targets Considers techniques for managing construction and demolition waste, including waste management plans, ways of estimating levels of waste, the types and optimal location of waste recycling plants Reviews key steps in handling construction and demolition waste

Improving Concrete and Mortar using Modified Ash and Slag Cements

Improving Concrete and Mortar using Modified Ash and Slag Cements
  • Author : Leonid Dvorkin,Vadim Zhitkovsky,Mohammed Sonebi,Vitaliy Marchuk,Yurii Stepasiuk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-18
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 1000045250
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Summary : The use of concrete and mortar containing coal fly ash, blast furnace slag, and other dispersed technogenic materials is one of the major areas of potential resource savings and improving the environmental efficiency and sustainability of construction. Improving Concrete and Mortar using Modified Ash and Slag Cements presents the results of a study of high-tech concrete on composite Portland cement and slag Portland cement. It explains the possibility of significantly improving the properties of cements and concrete with the introduction of superplasticizers and hardening activators. Features: Describes how additives can reduce costs and lead to more environmentally sustainable production Explains the possibility of obtaining high-tech concrete with a high content of ash, slag, and clinker kiln dust Presents the possibility of significant reductions of the most energy-intensive component of cements Examines the calculated dependences for predicting the technical properties of concrete saturated with dispersed technogenic products Explains the methods of calculating the composition of concrete with specified properties of low-clinker cements Suitable for civil and structural engineers as well as for specialists working in the field of concrete technology, students of civil engineering, and researchers of new construction technologies, this book allows readers to understand new and sustainable ways to improve the properties of concrete and mortar by utilizing additives.

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials
  • Author : Bibhuti Bhusan Das,Narayanan Neithalath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-30
  • Total pages :906
  • ISBN : 9811333173
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Summary : This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Construction and Building Materials (ICSCBM 2018), and examines a range of durable, energy-efficient, and next-generation construction and building materials produced from industrial wastes and byproducts. The topics covered include alternative, eco-friendly construction and building materials, next-generation concretes, energy efficiency in construction, and sustainability in construction project management. The book also discusses various properties and performance attributes of modern-age concretes including their durability, workability, and carbon footprint. As such, it offers a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in sustainable construction and allied fields.

Proceedings of the International Conference of Sustainable Production and Use of Cement and Concrete

Proceedings of the International Conference of Sustainable Production and Use of Cement and Concrete
  • Author : Jose Fernando Martirena-Hernandez,Adrian Alujas-Díaz,Meylin Amador-Hernandez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-21
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 3030220346
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Summary : This volume gathers the latest advances, innovations and applications presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the International Conference on Sustainable Production and Use of Cement and Concrete (ICSPCC 2019), held in Villa Clara, Cuba on June 23-30, 2019. It covers highly diverse topics, including sustainable production of low-carbon cements, novelties in the development of supplementary cementitious materials, new techniques for the microstructural characterization of construction materials, Portland-based and alkaline-activated cementitious systems, development of additives and additions in the sustainable production of concrete, sustainable production of high-performance concrete, durable concrete produced with recycled aggregates, development of mortars for historical patrimony restoration, environmental and economic assessment of the production and use of cement. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous, international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will inspire novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaboration between different specialists.

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures
  • Author : Mark Alexander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-13
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 0081000847
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Summary : Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-11
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0081002092
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Summary : Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Earthen Dwellings and Structures

Earthen Dwellings and Structures
  • Author : B. V. Venkatarama Reddy,Monto Mani,Pete Walker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-01
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9811358834
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Summary : This book presents selected papers presented during the International Symposium on Earthen Structures held in IISc Bangalore. The papers in this volume cover the theme of earthen structures, with technical content on materials and methods, structural design and seismic performance, durability, seismic response, climatic response, hygrothermal performance and durability, design and codes, architecture, heritage and conservation, and technology dissemination. This book will be of use to professionals, academics, and students in architecture and engineering.

Guide to Concrete Repair

Guide to Concrete Repair
  • Author : Glenn Smoak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-04
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9780894991707
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Summary : This manual was prepared for the Bureau of Reclamation of the United States Department of the Interior. It discusses the Bureau of Reclamation's methodology for concrete repair, addresses the more common causes of damage to concrete, and identifies the methods and materials most successful in repairing concrete damage. This guide contains the expertise of numerous individuals who have directly assisted the author on many concrete repair projects or freely shared their concrete repair knowledge whenever requested.

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete

New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete
  • Author : Jorge de Brito,Francisco Agrela
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-16
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 0081024819
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Summary : New Trends in Eco-efficient and Recycled Concrete describes different recycled materials that have been used in eco-efficient concrete, reviewing previous publications to identify the most effective recycled materials to be applied in concrete manufacture. New trends on eco-efficient concrete are presented, filling a gap in the market. Sections cover various recycled materials applied in concrete production, present the latest on the lifecycle analysis of recycled aggregate concrete, detail new trends in recycled aggregate concrete research, and finally, present updates on upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete and structural reliability. Focuses on new trends in recycled aggregate concrete and its applications (rather than the more subjective ‘sustainability’ aspects) Contains very important contributions from researchers in eco-efficient concrete, including Chi Sun Poon, Jorge de Brito, Valeria Corinaldesi, Francisco Agrela, etc. Presents a ‘one stop’ reference for a graduate course on sustainable construction