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Handbook of Crime Correlates

Handbook of Crime Correlates
  • Author : Lee Ellis,Kevin M. Beaver,John Wright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-05-07
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 0080920098
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Summary : Over the past two centuries, many aspects of criminal behavior have been investigated. Finding this information and making sense of it all is difficult when many studies would appear to offer contradictory findings. The Handbook of Crime Correlates collects in one source the summary analysis of crime research worldwide. It provides over 400 tables that divide crime research into nine broad categories: Pervasiveness and intra-offending relationships Demographic factors Ecological and macroeconomic factors Family and peer factors Institutional factors Behavioral and personality factors Cognitive factors Biological factors Crime victimization and fear of crime Within these broad categories, tables identify regions of the world and how separate variables are or are not positively or negatively associated with criminal behavior. Criminal behavior is broken down into separate offending categories of violent crime, property crime, drug offenses, sex offenses, delinquency, general and adult offenses, and recidivism. Accompanying each table is a description of what each table indicates in terms of the positive or negative association of specific variables with specific types of crime by region. This book should serve as a valuable resource for criminal justice personnel and academics in the social and life sciences interested in criminal behavior.

Handbook of Crime Correlates

Handbook of Crime Correlates
  • Author : Lee Ellis,David P. Farrington,Anthony W. Hoskin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-04
  • Total pages :730
  • ISBN : 9780128044773
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Summary : The Handbook of Crime Correlates, Second Edition summarizes more than a century of worldwide research on traits and social conditions associated with criminality and antisocial behavior. Findings are provided in tabular form, enabling readers to determine at a glance the nature of each association. Within each table, results are listed by country, type of crime (or other forms of antisocial behavior), and whether each variable is positively, negatively, or insignificantly associated with offending behavior. Criminal behavior is broken down according to major categories, including violent crime, property crime, drug offenses, sex offenses, delinquency, and recidivism. This book provides a resource for practitioners and academics who are interested in criminal and antisocial behavior. It is relevant to the fields of criminology/criminal justice, sociology, and psychology. No other publication provides as much information about how a wide range of variables—e.g., gender, religion, personality traits, weapons access, alcohol and drug use, social status, geography, and seasonality—correlate with offending behavior. Includes 600+ tables regarding variables related to criminal behavior Consolidates 100+ years of academic research on criminal behavior Findings are identified by country and world regions for easy comparison Lists criminal-related behaviors according to major categories Identifies universal crime correlates

Handbook of Social Status Correlates

Handbook of Social Status Correlates
  • Author : Lee Ellis,Anthony W. Hoskin,Malini Ratnasingam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-26
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780128092941
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Summary : The Handbook of Social Status Correlates summarizes findings from nearly 4000 studies on traits associated with variations in socioeconomic status. Much of the information is presented in roughly 300 tables, each one providing a visual snapshot of what research has indicated regarding how a specific human trait appears to be correlated with socioeconomic status. The social status measures utilized and the countries in which each study was conducted are also identified. QUESTIONS ADDRESSED INCLUDE THE FOLOWING: Are personality traits such as extraversion, competitiveness, and risk-taking associated with social status? How universal are sex differences in income and other forms of social status? What is the association between health and social status? How much does the answer vary according to specific diseases? How well established are the relationships between intelligence and social status? Is religiosity associated with social status, or does the answer depend on which religion is being considered? Are physiological factors correlated with social status, even factors involving the brain? Finally, are there as yet any "universal correlates of social status"?

The Handbook of Criminological Theory

The Handbook of Criminological Theory
  • Author : Alex R. Piquero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-02
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9781118512388
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Summary : An indispensable resource for all levels, this handbook provides up-to-date, in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology. Provides original, cutting-edge, and in-depth summaries of the most important theories in criminology Covers the origins and assumptions behind each theory, explores current debates and research, points out knowledge gaps, and offers directions for future research Encompasses theory, research, policy, and practice, with recommendations for further reading at the end of each essay Features discussions of broad issues and topics related to the field, such as the correlates of crime, testing theory, policy, and prediction Clearly and accessibly written by leading scholars in the field as well as up-and-coming scholars

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
  • Author : David P. Farrington,Lila Kazemian,Alex R. Piquero
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-19
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780190201371
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Summary : Developmental and life-course criminology are both concerned with the study of changes in offending and problem behaviors over time. Developmental studies in criminology focus on psychological factors that influence the onset and persistence of criminal behavior, while life-course studies analyze how changes in social arrangements, like marriage, education or social networks, can lead to changes in offending. Though each perspective is clearly concerned with patterns of offending and problem behavior over time, the literature on each is spread across various disciplines, including criminology & criminal justice, psychology, and sociology. The Oxford Handbook on Developmental and Life-Course Criminology offers the first comprehensive survey of these two approaches together. Edited by three noted authorities in the field, the volume provides in-depth critical reviews of the development of offending, developmental and life-course theories, development correlates and risk/protective factors, life transitions and turning points, and effective developmental interventions from the world's leading scholars. In the first two sections, the contributors provide overviews of specific criminal career parameters, including age-crime curve, prevalence/frequency of offending, and co-offending, and review the main theoretical frameworks in the developmental and life-course criminology areas. They further summarize some of the empirical literature on known developmental correlates and risk/protective factors associated with longitudinal patterns of offending in the next section. The fourth section focuses on life transitions and turning points as they may relate to persistence in-or desistance from-criminal activity into adulthood, while the final section examines the genesis of antisocial, delinquent, and criminal activity, its maintenance, and its cessation. A state of the art overview on the topic, this Handbook aims to be the most authoritative resource on all issues germane to developmental and life-course criminologists and provides next steps for further research.

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook
  • Author : J. Mitchell Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-06
  • Total pages :915
  • ISBN : 9781412960199
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Summary : 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology.

The Psychology of Criminal Conduct

The Psychology of Criminal Conduct
  • Author : D.A. Andrews,James Bonta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-19
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9781317521501
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Summary : This book provides step-by-step procedures to help police administrators execute their duties and fulfill their responsibilities more effectively, efficiently and productively. Divided into sections-behavioral aspects of police management, functional aspects of police management, and modern police management: major issues-it introduces the reader to a broad range of topics with which all police managers should be familiar.

Handbook on Moving Corrections and Sentencing Forward

Handbook on Moving Corrections and Sentencing Forward
  • Author : Pamela K. Lattimore,Beth M. Huebner,Faye S. Taxman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-11
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9781000204834
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Summary : This volume addresses major issues and research in corrections and sentencing with the goal of using previous research and findings as a platform for recommendations about future research, evaluation, and policy. The last several decades witnessed major policy changes in sentencing and corrections in the United States, as well as considerable research to identify the most effective strategies for addressing criminal behavior. These efforts included changes in sentencing that eliminated parole and imposed draconian sentences for violent and drug crimes. The federal government, followed by most states, implemented sentencing guidelines that greatly reduced the discretion of the courts to impose sentences. The results were a multifold increase in the numbers of individuals in jails and prisons and on community supervision—increases that have only recently crested. There were also efforts to engage prosecutors and the courts in diversion and oversight, including the development of prosecutorial diversion programs, as well as a variety of specialty courts. Penal reform has included efforts to understand the transitions from prison to the community, including federal-led efforts focused on reentry programming. Community corrections reforms have ranged from increased surveillance through drug testing, electronic monitoring, and in some cases, judicial oversight, to rehabilitative efforts driven by risk and needs assessment. More recently, the focus has included pretrial reform to reduce the number of people held in jail pending trial, efforts that have brought attention to the use of bail and its disproportionate impact on people of color and the poor. This collection of chapters from leading researchers addresses a wide array of the latest research in the field. A unique approach featuring responses to the original essays by active researchers spurs discussion and provides a foundation for developing directions for future research and policymaking.

Biosocial Criminology

Biosocial Criminology
  • Author : Anthony Walsh,Kevin M Beaver
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-12
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9781135857790
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Summary : Ideal for use, either as a second text in a standard criminology course, or for a discrete course on biosocial perspectives, this book of original chapters breaks new and important ground for ways today's criminologists need to think more broadly about the crime problem.

The Handbook of Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice

The Handbook of Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Justice
  • Author : Marvin D. Krohn,Jodi Lane
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-22
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 9781118513170
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Summary : This handbook is an up-to-date examination of advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice that includes interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners. Examines advances in the fields of juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice with interdisciplinary perspectives from leading scholars and practitioners Provides a current state of both fields, while also assessing where they have been and defining where they should go in years to come Addresses developments in theory, research, and policy, as well as cultural changes and legal shifts Contains summaries of juvenile justice trends from around the world, including the US, the Netherlands, Brazil, Russia, India, South Africa, and China Covers central issues in the scholarly literature, such as social learning theories, opportunity theories, criminal processing, labeling and deterrence, gangs and crime, community-based sanctions and reentry, victimization, and fear of crime

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory

The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory
  • Author : Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-21
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : 9781412920384
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Summary : An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.

Handbook of Self-Regulation, Second Edition

Handbook of Self-Regulation, Second Edition
  • Author : Kathleen D. Vohs,Roy F. Baumeister
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-18
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9781462509515
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Summary : This authoritative handbook reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the conscious and nonconscious processes by which people regulate their thoughts, emotions, attention, behavior, and impulses. Individual differences in self-regulatory capacities are explored, as are developmental pathways. The volume examines how self-regulation shapes, and is shaped by, social relationships. Failures of self-regulation are also addressed, in chapters on addictions, overeating, compulsive spending, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Wherever possible, contributors identify implications of the research for helping people enhance their self-regulatory capacities and pursue desired goals. New to This Edition: * Incorporates significant scientific advances and many new topics. * Increased attention to the social basis of self-regulation. * Chapters on working memory, construal-level theory, temptation, executive functioning in children, self-regulation in older adults, self-harming goal pursuit, interpersonal relationships, religion, and impulsivity as a personality trait.

The Handbook of Antagonism

The Handbook of Antagonism
  • Author : Joshua W. Miller,Donald Lynam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-15
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9780128146279
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Summary : Antagonism as a Personality Trait looks at the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of antagonism, highlighting the consequences of the trait, its role in a number of problem behaviors and psychiatric disorders, and how it exerts itself on externalizing behaviors. Covering the biological and evolutionary roots of antagonism, the book additionally provides clinical insight on assessment strategies while also outlining a number of treatment techniques, including motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychology, and psychodynamic treatment approaches. The book looks at the development of antagonism across childhood and adolescence, discussing the societal consequences of the trait, as well as its role in a number of problem behaviors, such as aggression, violence, crime, and substance use. Provides an overview on the development, assessment and treatment of antagonism Looks at antagonism's role in work, romantic relationships and other domains Outlines self-report and non-self-report assessment approaches Studies the links between antagonism, psychopathy, narcissism and antisocial personality Approaches antagonism from a dimensional trait model Analyzes the role antagonism plays in several prominent psychiatric disorders

The [Oxford] Handbook of Criminological Theory

The [Oxford] Handbook of Criminological Theory
  • Author : Pamela Wilcox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :768
  • ISBN : 9780190457075
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Summary : Criminological theory texts typically follow a conventional format. Diverse writings are neatly packaged into schools of thought, which are given clear labels and conveyed a chapter at a time, with topics like control theory in one chapter and strain theory in another. The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory takes a different approach across the criminological landscape. The volume is organized not around schools of thought but around themes that shape much thinking about and research on crime. This more unconventional approach seeks to show that criminological theory is not static but dynamic. In fact, most prominent scholars do not spend their time commenting upon and retesting theoretical propositions that have existed for many years. Rather, they move into more novel areas--areas often located in the interstitial junctures between more traditional theories. This Oxford Handbook presents a series of essays that captures not the past of criminology, but where theoretical explanation is headed. As a result, the volume is replete with new ideas, discussions of substantive topics with salient theoretical implications, and reviews and interpretations of literatures that illuminate promising avenues along which theory and research should evolve. Special attention is paid to how criminal participation is shaped intimately by individual traits, diverse social contexts, the situations in which the choice of crime is made, and exposure to coercive experiences. Each chapter can be read on its own--as furnishing an important analysis of a given theoretical issue--yet read as a whole, The Oxford Handbook of Criminological Theory offers a unique and deep understanding of criminology at its cutting edge.

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime

The Oxford Handbook of Gender, Sex, and Crime
  • Author : Rosemary Gartner,Bill McCarthy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :723
  • ISBN : 9780199838707
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Summary : The editors, Rosemary Gartner and Bill McCarthy, have assembled a diverse cast of criminologists, historians, legal scholars, psychologists, and sociologists from a number of countries to discuss key concepts and debates central to the field. The Handbook includes examinations of the historical and contemporary patterns of women's and men's involvement in crime; as well as biological, psychological, and social science perspectives on gender, sex, and criminal activity. Several essays discuss the ways in which sex and gender influence legal and popular reactions to crime. An important theme throughout The Handbook is the intersection of sex and gender with ethnicity, class, age, peer groups, and community as influences on crime and justice. Individual chapters investigate both conventional topics - such as domestic abuse and sexual violence - and topics that have only recently drawn the attention of scholars - such as human trafficking, honor killing, gender violence during war, state rape, and genocide.

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Criminology
  • Author : Rod Morgan,Mike Maguire,Robert Reiner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :1029
  • ISBN : 9780199590278
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Summary : With contributions from leading academics, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology provides an authoritative collection of chapters covering the topics studied on criminology courses. Each chapter details relevant theory, recent research, policy developments, and current debates, and includes extensive references to aid further research.

The Wiley Handbook on the Psychology of Violence

The Wiley Handbook on the Psychology of Violence
  • Author : Carlos A. Cuevas,Callie Marie Rennison
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-21
  • Total pages :808
  • ISBN : 9781118303146
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Summary : The Wiley Handbook on the Psychology of Violence features a collection of original readings, from an international cast of experts, that explore all major issues relating to the psychology of violence and aggressive behaviors. Features original contributions from an interdisciplinary cast of scholars - leading experts in their fields of study Includes the latest violence research – and its implications for practice and policy Offers coverage of current issues relating to violence such as online violence and cybercriminal behavior Covers additional topics such as juvenile violence, sexual violence, family violence, and various violence issues relating to underserved and/or understudied populations

Handbook of Asian Criminology

Handbook of Asian Criminology
  • Author : Jianhong Liu,Bill Hebenton,Susyan Jou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-09
  • Total pages :443
  • ISBN : 9781461452188
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Summary : The Handbook of Asian Criminology aims to be a key reference for international scholars with an interest in the broad theme of international criminology in general, and the Asian region in particular. Contextualization is a key theme in this book. The role of context is often underemphasized in international criminology, so the Handbook of Asian Criminology’s premise that crime and the responses to it are best understood as deeply embedded in the cultural specificity of the environment which produces them will play a key role throughout the work. Attention will be given to country- and region specific attitudes towards crime and punishment.

Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice

Research Methods for Criminology and Criminal Justice
  • Author : Richard D. Hartley,Lee Ellis,Anthony Walsh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9781538129524
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Summary : "While written primarily for criminal justice and criminology students, the book offers a general foundation of knowledge that transcends particular topics or subject areas, allowing students to apply research methods and concepts to a multitude of scenarios"--

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology
  • Author : Gerben J.N. Bruinsma,Shane D. Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-08
  • Total pages :904
  • ISBN : 9780190865153
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Summary : The study of how the environment, local geography, and physical locations influence crime has a long history that stretches across many research traditions. These include the neighborhood effects approach developed in the 1920s, the criminology of place, and a newer approach that attends to the perception of crime in communities. Aided by new technologies and improved data-reporting in recent decades, research in environmental criminology has developed rapidly within each of these approaches. Yet research in the subfield remains fragmented and competing theories are rarely examined together. The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Criminology takes a unique approach and synthesizes the contributions of existing methods to better integrate the subfield as a whole. Gerben J.N. Bruinsma and Shane D. Johnson have assembled a cast of top scholars to provide an in-depth source for understanding how and why physical setting can influence the emergence of crime, affect the environment, and impact individual or group behavior. The contributors address how changes in the environment, global connectivity, and technology provide more criminal opportunities and new ways of committing old crimes. They also explore how crimes committed in countries with distinct cultural practices like China and West Africa might lead to different spatial patterns of crime. This is a state-of-the-art compendium on environmental criminology that reflects the diverse research and theory developed across the western world.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Biosocial Theories of Crime

The Ashgate Research Companion to Biosocial Theories of Crime
  • Author : Anthony Walsh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-01
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781317044048
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Summary : In response to exciting developments in genetics, neuroscience and evolutionary psychology, a number of criminologists have embraced the position that criminal behaviour is the product of biological, psychological, and sociological factors operating together in complex ways. They have come to realize that if they are to capture the dynamic nature of criminal behaviour then they must span multiple levels of analysis and thus multiple disciplines. The explosion of interest in this field of biosocial criminology over the past ten years means that the time is ripe for this research companion aimed at graduate students and scholars, giving them an essential overview of the current state of research in the field. The authors are experts in a variety of disciplines (sociology, psychology, biology, criminal justice, and neuroscience), but they all have in common a strong interest in criminal behaviour. This unique book is essential and accessible reading for all students and scholars in the field.