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Handbook of Material Weathering

Handbook of Material Weathering
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-19
  • Total pages :982
  • ISBN : 1927885310
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Summary : Handbook of Material Weathering, Sixth Edition, is an essential guide to the effects of weathering on polymers and industrial products, presenting theory, stress factors, methods of weathering and testing and the effects of additives and environmental stress cracking. The book provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products, including mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, and characteristic changes in properties. The book also discusses recycling, corrosion and weathering, and the weathering of stone. This sixth edition updates this seminal work with recent developments and the latest data. Polymers and industrial plastics products are widely used in environments where they are vulnerable to the effects of weathering. Weathering stress factors can lead to deterioration or even complete failure. Material durability is therefore vital, and products for outdoor usage or actinic exposure are designed so that the effects of artificial and natural weathering are minimized. This book is an important reference source for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. Offers detailed coverage of theory, stress factors and methods of weathering Provides specific information and numerical data for 52 polymers and 42 groups of industrial products, including characteristic changes and degradation mechanisms Discusses major additional topics, such as weathered materials for recycling and the interrelation between corrosion and weathering Provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products

Handbook of Material Weathering

Handbook of Material Weathering
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-22
  • Total pages :982
  • ISBN : 9781927885321
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Summary : Handbook of Material Weathering, Sixth Edition, is an essential guide to the effects of weathering on polymers and industrial products, presenting theory, stress factors, methods of weathering and testing and the effects of additives and environmental stress cracking. The book provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products, including mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, and characteristic changes in properties. The book also discusses recycling, corrosion and weathering, and the weathering of stone. This sixth edition updates this seminal work with recent developments and the latest data. Polymers and industrial plastics products are widely used in environments where they are vulnerable to the effects of weathering. Weathering stress factors can lead to deterioration or even complete failure. Material durability is therefore vital, and products for outdoor usage or actinic exposure are designed so that the effects of artificial and natural weathering are minimized. This book is an important reference source for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials. Offers detailed coverage of theory, stress factors and methods of weathering Provides specific information and numerical data for 52 polymers and 42 groups of industrial products, including characteristic changes and degradation mechanisms Discusses major additional topics, such as weathered materials for recycling and the interrelation between corrosion and weathering Provides graphical illustrations and numerical data to examine the weathering of major polymers and industrial products

Handbook of material weathering

Handbook of material weathering
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :828
  • ISBN : 1895198747
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Summary : The fifth edition of this seminal work provides comprehensive and current information on material weathering for over forty families of polymers. It presents discussions on formulating mechanisms of degradation, effect of thermal processes, present characteristic changes in properties, and tables of available numerical data. This single source reference will dramatically reduce the time used searching for answers in many different sources. This book is an important reference monograph for those involved in studying material durability, producing materials for outdoor use and actinic exposure, research chemists in the photochemistry field, chemists and material scientists designing new materials, users of manufactured products, those who control the quality of manufactured products, and students who want to apply their knowledge to real materials.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-08
  • Total pages :936
  • ISBN : 9781437734553
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Summary : Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-15
  • Total pages :684
  • ISBN : 9780323524735
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Summary : The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials, Third Edition, explains how to measure, analyze and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials, including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors, such as weather, seawater, and fire. This updated edition divides the material into four new sections, Analysis and Testing, Types of Degradation, Protective Measures and Surface Engineering, then concluding with Case Studies. New chapters include topics on Hydrogen Permeation and Hydrogen Induced Cracking, Weathering of Plastics, the Environmental Degradation of Ceramics and Advanced Materials, Antimicrobial Layers, Coatings, and the Corrosion of Pipes in Drinking Water Systems. Expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering expertise that complements their explanations and advice. Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensure that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. Introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete, wood and textiles Describes the kind of degradation that effects each material and how best to protect it Includes case studies that show how organizations, from small consulting firms, to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Weathering Handbook

Weathering Handbook
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :517
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4596631
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Summary :

Weathering of Plastics

Weathering of Plastics
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-12-31
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780815519584
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Summary : In spite of extensive efforts, material weathering testing still requires improvement. This book presents findings and opinions of experts in material degradation testing. The aim is to improve testing methods and procedures. Materials are presented to show that photochemical degradation rate depends on a combination of environmental factors such as UV radiation, temperature, humidity, rain, stress, and concentration of reactive pollutants. The potential effect of each parameter of degradation on data gathered is discussed based on known results from a long experience in testing. This book contains data obtained in laboratories of the largest manufacturers of UV stabilizers and chemical companies that manufacture durable materials. The book gives details of testing procedures and choice of parameters of exposure which are crucial for obtaining laboratory results correlating with environmental performance of materials. In addition to exposure conditions, the book contains many suggestions on sample preparation and post-exposure testing. The effective use of these methods shortens testing time of materials and determines acceleration rate of testing. The book also gives examples of complete, well-designed weathering experiments which may be used as patterns for selection of parameters and techniques for new studies. The areas of research that still require more attention in future studies are clearly indicated.

Lignocellulosic Fibers and Wood Handbook

Lignocellulosic Fibers and Wood Handbook
  • Author : Mohamed Naceur Belgacem,Antonio Pizzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-05
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 9781118773550
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Summary : This book will focus on lignocellulosic fibres as a raw material for several applications. It will start with wood chemistry and morphology. Then, some fibre isolation processes will be given, before moving to composites, panel and paper manufacturing, characterization and aging.

Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology

Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology
  • Author : Ceryan, Nurcihan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :765
  • ISBN : 9781522527107
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Summary : Engineering geologists face the task of addressing geological factors that can affect planning with little time and with few resources. A solution is using the right tools to save time searching for answers and devote attention to making critical engineering decisions. The Handbook of Research on Trends and Digital Advances in Engineering Geology is an essential reference source for the latest research on new trends, technology, and computational methods that can model engineering phenomena automatically. Featuring exhaustive coverage on a broad range of topics and perspectives such as acoustic energy, landslide mapping, and natural hazards, this publication is ideally designed for academic scientists, industry and applied researchers, and policy and decision makers seeking current research on new tools to aid in timely decision-making of critical engineering situations.

Handbook of Tropical Residual Soils Engineering

Handbook of Tropical Residual Soils Engineering
  • Author : Bujang B.K. Huat,David G. Toll,Arun Prasad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-24
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780203098325
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Summary : Residual soils are found in many parts of the world. Like other soils, they are used extensively in construction, either to build upon, or as construction material. They are formed when the rate of rock weathering is more rapid than transportation of the weathered particles by e.g., water, gravity and wind, which results in a large share of the soi

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites

Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites
  • Author : Roger M. Rowell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-18
  • Total pages :487
  • ISBN : 9780203492437
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Summary : The degradable nature of high-performance, wood-based materials is an attractive advantage when considering environmental factors such as sustainability, recycling, and energy/resource conservation. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites provides an excellent guide to the latest concepts and technologies in wood chemistry and bio-based composites. The book analyzes the chemical composition and physical properties of wood cellulose and its response to natural processes of degradation. It describes safe and effective chemical modifications to strengthen wood against biological, chemical, and mechanical degradation without using toxic, leachable, or corrosive chemicals. Expert researchers provide insightful analyses of the types of chemical modifications applied to polymer cell walls in wood, emphasizing the mechanisms of reaction involved and resulting changes in performance properties. These include modifications that increase water repellency, fire retardancy, and resistance to ultraviolet light, heat, moisture, mold, and other biological organisms. The text also explores modifications that increase mechanical strength, such as lumen fill, monomer polymer penetration, and plasticization. The Handbook of Wood Chemistry and Wood Composites concludes with the latest applications, such as adhesives, geotextiles, and sorbents, and future trends in the use of wood-based composites in terms of sustainable agriculture, biodegradability and recycling, and economics. Incorporating over 30 years of teaching experience, the esteemed editor of this handbook is well-attuned to educational demands as well as industry standards and research trends.

Handbook of Geotechnical Investigation and Design Tables

Handbook of Geotechnical Investigation and Design Tables
  • Author : Burt G. Look
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-26
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9780203946602
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Summary : This practical handbook of properties for soils and rock contains, in a concise tabular format, the key issues relevant to geotechnical investigations, assessments and designs in common practice. In addition, there are brief notes on the application of the tables. These data tables are compiled for experienced geotechnical professionals who require a reference document to access key information. There is an extensive database of correlations for different applications. The book should provide a useful bridge between soil and rock mechanics theory and its application to practical engineering solutions. The initial chapters deal with the planning of the geotechnical investigation, the classification of the soil and rock properties and some of the more used testing is then covered. Later chapters show the reliability and correlations that are used to convert that data in the interpretative and assessment phase of the project. The final chapters apply some of these concepts to geotechnical design. This book is intended primarily for practicing geotechnical engineers working in investigation, assessment and design, but should provide a useful supplement for postgraduate courses.

Weathering: An Introduction to the Scientific Principles

Weathering: An Introduction to the Scientific Principles
  • Author : Will J Bland,David Rolls
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-06
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9781317836308
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Summary : Our landscape is constantly changing, but before the dramatic effects of erosion and mass movement take place, more subtle forces work on the rocks, minerals and soils around us. Weathering is the initial process which exposes the top few layers of the Earth to the potential for change. This book provides an introduction to the scientific principles behind mechanical, chemical and biological weathering. Starting with a consideration of the chemical and physical properties of rocks and water, the authors proceed to an accessible explanation of the weathering processes themselves, concluding with a review of weathering rates and intensities, and a survey of the effects of weathering on the landscape. Assuming little background knowledge, the authors develop ideas from first principles to provide a straightforward introduction to weathering for students of geography, geology and earth and environmental science.

Handbook of Polymer Testing

Handbook of Polymer Testing
  • Author : Roger Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-01-21
  • Total pages :860
  • ISBN : 9781482270020
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Summary : The Handbook of Polymer Testing: Physical Methods provides virtually currently used techniques for measuring and testing the physical properties of polymers. A concise but detailed technical guide to the physical testing methods of synthetic polymers in plastics, rubbers, cellular materials, textiles, coated fabrics, and composites, the book analys

Handbook of Pedology

Handbook of Pedology
  • Author : Ph. Duchaufour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-01-01
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9054107820
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Summary : Based on the new World Reference Base for Soil Resources, this text shows the reciprocity between the soil, its environment and vegetation. Updated with the most recent results in the area, it presents a wide spectrum of practical applications, in land improvement, plant growth and the environment.

The Weathering of Natural Building Stones

The Weathering of Natural Building Stones
  • Author : R.J. Schaffer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-20
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781317742524
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Summary : Provides a general account of the factors which cause decay of building stones and a summary of the best methods to reduce the incidence of decay. It discusses weathering associated with natural defects inherent in stone and examines issues of weathering caused by bad workmanship or errors in the selection of material. Decay through chemical and natural physical phenomena are discussed in detail. The final sections offer useful advice on how to prevent long term decay through appropriate repair, replacement and cleaning of stone.

Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook

Uhlig's Corrosion Handbook
  • Author : R. Winston Revie,Herbert Henry Uhlig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-12
  • Total pages :1253
  • ISBN : 9780470080320
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Summary : This book serves as a reference for engineers, scientists, and students concerned with the use of materials in applications where reliability and resistance to corrosion are important. It updates the coverage of its predecessor, including coverage of: corrosion rates of steel in major river systems and atmospheric corrosion rates, the corrosion behavior of materials such as weathering steels and newer stainless alloys, and the corrosion behavior and engineering approaches to corrosion control for nonmetallic materials. New chapters include: high-temperature oxidation of metals and alloys, nanomaterials, and dental materials, anodic protection. Also featured are chapters dealing with standards for corrosion testing, microbiological corrosion, and electrochemical noise.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-01
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780081001264
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Summary : Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Oil and Gas Industry provides an updated understanding on why materials fail in specific situations, a vital element in developing and engineering new alternatives. This handbook covers analysis of materials failure in the oil and gas industry, where a single failed pipe can result in devastating consequences for people, wildlife, the environment, and the economy of a region. The book combines introductory sections on failure analysis with numerous real world case studies of pipelines and other types of materials failure in the oil and gas industry, including joint failure, leakage in crude oil storage tanks, failure of glass fibre reinforced epoxy pipes, and failure of stainless steel components in offshore platforms, amongst others. Introduces readers to modern analytical techniques in materials failure analysis Combines foundational knowledge with current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Includes numerous compelling case studies of materials failure in oil and gas pipelines and drilling platforms

Organic Coatings

Organic Coatings
  • Author : Zeno W. Wicks, Jr.,Frank N. Jones,Socrates Peter Pappas,Douglas A. Wicks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-29
  • Total pages :722
  • ISBN : UOM:39015067707094
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Summary : Incorporating developments since the second edition, this third edition helps scientists, engineers, and paint formulators better understand the principles underlying the organic coatings technology and use them effectively in the development, production, and application of various types of coatings.

Handbook of Geotechnical Testing: Basic Theory, Procedures and Comparison of Standards

Handbook of Geotechnical Testing: Basic Theory, Procedures and Comparison of Standards
  • Author : Yanrong Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-20
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9781000712933
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Summary : Determination of the physical, chemical and mechanical properties of ground materials is the key to successfully deliver such projects as slope stabilization, excavation and lateral support, foundation etc. A book containing both theory of geomaterial testing and up-to-date testing methods is much in demand for obtaining reliable and accurate test results. This book is intended primarily to serve this need and aims at the clear explanation, in adequate depth, of the fundamental principles, requirements and procedures of soil and rock tests. It is intended that the book will serve as a useful source of reference for professionals in the field of geotechnical and geological engineering. It can work as a one-stop knowledge warehouse to build a basic cognition of material tests on which the readers are working. It helps college students bridge the gap between class education and engineering practice, and helps academic researchers guarantee reliable and accurate test results. It is also useful for training new technicians and providing a refresher for veterans. Engineers contemplating the ICE, IOM3 and other certification exams will find this book an essential test preparation aid. It is assumed that the reader has no prior knowledge of the subject but has a good understanding of basic mechanics.

Practical Handbook of Material Flow Analysis

Practical Handbook of Material Flow Analysis
  • Author : Paul H. Brunner,Helmut Rechberger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 0203507207
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Summary : The first-ever book on this subject establishes a rigid, transparent and useful methodology for investigating the material metabolism of anthropogenic systems. Using Material Flow Analysis (MFA), the main sources, flows, stocks, and emissions of man-made and natural materials can be determined. By demonstrating the application of MFA, this book reveals how resources can be conserved and the environment protected within complex systems. The fourteen case studies presented exemplify the potential for MFA to contribute to sustainable materials management. Exercises throughout the book deepen comprehension and expertise. The authors have had success in applying MFA to various fields, and now promote the use of MFA so that future engineers and planners have a common method for solving resource-oriented problems.