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Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-14
  • Total pages :870
  • ISBN : 9781927885161
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Summary : Handbook of Plasticizers, Third Edition, is an essential professional reference, providing information that enables R&D scientists, production chemists, and engineers the information they need to use plasticizers more effectively, and to avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizers are vital to the plastics industry, particularly in improving the properties of materials such as PVC. Plasticizers are commonly added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials, so successful incorporation requires a broad understanding of the mechanisms of plasticizer action, and compatibility with different materials and blends. There is a large selection of commercial plasticizers, and various environmental issues which impact on selection decisions. The book discusses new and historical approaches to the use of plasticizers, explaining mechanisms of plasticizers' action and their behavior in plasticized systems. It goes into detail on the use of plasticizers in a range of specific polymers, polymer blends, and other industrial products. This includes coverage of the impact of plasticizers on processing. George Wypych provides the data and know-how from the most recent sources and updated information required by engineers and scientists working in the plastics industry and the many industry sectors that use plastics in their products. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. Enables materials scientists, chemists and engineers to use plasticizers more effectively, and avoid health and safety or performance risks Includes detailed coverage of the impact of plasticizers on polymers, and processing methods Provides the broad background of information required to select the correct plasticizer for any application Covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, including historical and theoretical background

Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1895198720
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Summary :

Databook of Plasticizers

Databook of Plasticizers
  • Author : Anna Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-12
  • Total pages :710
  • ISBN : 9781927885154
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Summary : Databook of Plasticizers, Second Edition, contains data on the most important plasticizers in use today, including over 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The data comes from a range of sources beyond plasticizers' manufacturers, allowing for a detailed comparison of properties between different plasticizers. Over 100 different data fields are provided, from general information, such as molecular structure and formula, to physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and recommendations regarding appropriate use and performance of each plasticizer. The databook is an essential resource for engineers, technicians, and materials scientists responsible for specifying a plasticizer. It provides trustworthy and up-to-date data that is applicable to a range of numerous application areas, such as construction, automotives, food packaging, and more. Enables plastics practitioners to more efficiently select the correct plasticizer for a range of applications Includes 100 data fields for each plasticizer, including physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and specific usage recommendations Contains data on the most important plasticizers currently in use – both commercial products and the chemical compounds used for the manufacture of plasticizers

Plastics Additives Handbook

Plastics Additives Handbook
  • Author : R. Gächter,Helmut Müller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985
  • Total pages :754
  • ISBN : 3446136622
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Summary :

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Author : Jiri George Drobny
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-30
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780323221689
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Summary : Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture. TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application. In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered. Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-15
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780323390415
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Summary : Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition
  • Author : Michael Bolgar,Jack Hubball,Joseph Groeger,Susan Meronek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-25
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 9781439860755
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Summary : Polymers have undoubtedly changed the world through many products that improve our lives. However, additives used to modify the overall characteristics of these materials may not be fully disclosed or understood. These additives may present possible environmental and health hazards. It is important to monitor consumer products for these compounds using high-quality reference materials and dependable analytical techniques. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition provides the necessary tools for chemists to obtain a more complete listing of additives present in a particular polymeric matrix. It is designed to serve as a valuable source for those monitoring a polymer/plastic material for regulatory or internal compliance. It also helps analysts to correctly identify the complex nature of the materials that have been added to the polymer/plastic. With 50 additional compounds, this second edition nearly doubles the number of additives in several categories, including processing aids, antistatic compounds, mould release products, and blowing agents. It includes a listing that can be cross-referenced by trade name, chemical name, CAS number, and even key mass unit ions from the GC/MS run. Addressing additives from an analytical viewpoint, this comprehensive handbook helps readers identify the additives in plastics. This information can be used to assess compliance with regulations issued by the FDA, US EPA, EU, and other agencies.

PVC Handbook

PVC Handbook
  • Author : Charles E. Wilkes,James W. Summers,Charles Anthony Daniels,Mark T. Berard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :723
  • ISBN : 1569903794
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Summary : In this single handbook, the editors aim to give a diverse audience of readers a complete account of all aspects of PVC--from monomer manufacture to polymerization; the gamut of such additives as stabilizers, lubricants, plasticizers, impact modifiers, fillers and reinforcing agents; blends and alloys; compounding and processing; characterization; combustion resistance and weatherability; product engineering design; applications; environmental and safety; and finally the PVC industry dynamics. This handbook contains both practical formulation information as well as a mechanistic view of why PVC behaves as it does.

Handbook of Vinyl Formulating

Handbook of Vinyl Formulating
  • Author : Richard F Grossman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-02
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780470253540
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Summary : Here is your starting point and complete guide to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) formulation. It covers the basics of vinyl formulation, starting formulations for compounds, and the latest compounding ingredients. Since publication of the acclaimed first edition, a standard reference used by vinyl technologists around the world, there have been many new developments in vinyl formulation as well as new discoveries and insights into the underlying mechanisms. It's all covered here in the second edition, in one highly readable, expertly organized volume.

Handbook of Solvents & Plasticizers

Handbook of Solvents & Plasticizers
  • Author : Baboolal Agarwal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :19??
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : OCLC:658686744
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Summary :

Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET

Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET
  • Author : Ewa Langer,Krzysztof Bortel,Marta Lenartowicz-Klik,Sylwia Waskiewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780323462006
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Summary : Plasticizers Derived from Post-Consumer PET: Research Trends and Potential Applications presents a roadmap to the successful use of post-consumer PET to obtain plasticizers for later use, a proposal which presents both economic and sustainability advantages. Based on the results of the latest research into the development of chemical recycling techniques of PET waste, this book describes techniques where the plasticizer obtained can be utilized for value addition in PVC and other polymers. In addition, the book provides basic introductory information on the role of plasticizers in the modification of polymers, basic quality requirements, and the latest trends in the synthesis and use of plasticizers in industry, also presenting the available methods of PET recycling, with particular emphasis on chemical recycling, analysis of the PET market, the availability of post-consumer PET, and its value as a raw material for other products. Based on the authors' research, the book discusses the use of post-consumer PET in the synthesis of monomeric and oligomeric plasticizers. Synthesis conditions are shown in detail, and the influence of the structure of synthesized softeners on their basic quality parameters are assessed and compared with selected commercially available products. In the final sections, the book covers the economic challenges and benefits of this process and its application to newly developed products. Presents a step-by-step introduction to the methods of recycling PET into usable plasticizers Provides a viable, actionable alternative to landfills for post-consumer PET, enabling the recycling of more waste polymer and reducing the carbon footprint of PET Analyzes the economic benefits and challenges of this process Compares the quality of the output to commercially available products

Databook of Solvents

Databook of Solvents
  • Author : Anna Wypych,George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-29
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9781895198805
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Summary : Use of solvents is increasing in various applications, from cleaning to chemical manufacturing, and solvent selection has a major impact on the costs, health and safety and environmental considerations of any given project. Selecting the ideal solvent can improve economic, environmental and operational performance in processing. Based on the Solvents Database by George Wypych, the Databook of Solvents presents – for the first time – this information in book form for ease of reference. More than 300 of the most essential solvents are included, selected by expert George Wypych. Physical properties are included, as are health and safety considerations (such as carcinogenicity, reproduction/developmental toxicity, flammability) and first aid guidance. Emphasis is given in particular to cost-saving and more efficient replacements for more toxic solvents. Detailed information is also given for usage considerations, including outstanding properties, potential substitutes, features and benefits for each solvent and for which products the solvent is recommended. Includes more than 300 of the most essential solvents Practical information for use in the lab and the field, including recommended processing methods, recommended dosages, and potential substitutes Particular emphasis given to environmental considerations, enabling practitioners to find more efficient replacements for toxic solvents

Additives for Plastics Handbook

Additives for Plastics Handbook
  • Author : J. Murphy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-11-22
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 0080498612
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Summary : Both technically and economically, additives form a large and increasingly significant part of the polymer industry, both plastics and elastomers. Since the first edition of this book was published, there have been wide-ranging developments, covering chemistry and formulation of new and more efficient additive systems and the safer use of additives, both by processors in the factory and, in the wider field, as they affect the general public. This new edition follows the successful formula of its predecessor, it provides a comprehensive view of all types of additives, concentrating mainly on their technical aspects (chemistry/formulation, structure, function, main applications) with notes on the commercial background of each. The field has been expanded to include any substance that is added to a polymer to improve its use, so including reinforcing materials (such as glass fibre), carbon black and titanium dioxide. This is a book which has been planned for ease of use and the information is presented in a way which is appropriate to the users' needs.

Handbook of Specialty Elastomers

Handbook of Specialty Elastomers
  • Author : Robert C. Klingender
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-22
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 1420017675
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Summary : Written and edited by experts on specialty elastomers applications in the mechanical and automotive products industries, the Handbook of Specialty Elastomers provides a single source reference for the design of compounds using specialty elastomers. This book defines specialty elastomers as heat-, oil-, fuel-, and solvent-resistant polymers. Each chapter examines individual elastomers in terms of development history, chemical composition, structure, and properties as well as processing methods, applications, and commercially available products. Covering their applications in the rubber, energy, chemicals, and oil industries, the book also discusses the use of antioxidants, antiozonants, vulcanization agents, plasticizers, and process aids for specialty elastomers. The concluding chapter details considerations and relevant processes—such as molding operations—involved in designing application-specific rubber components. The Handbook of Specialty Elastomers provides comprehensive insight into the processes and challenges of designing rubber formulations and specialty elastomeric components.

Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Handbook of Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Pradyot Patnaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-23
  • Total pages :628
  • ISBN : 9781498745628
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Summary : The Handbook will cover all aspects of environmental analysis and will examine the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years. It will provide information on an array of topics from instrumentation, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It will present the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment. It will be fully revised throughout, and will add four new chapters (Microbial Analysis, Chlorophyll, Chlorine, Chloramines and Chlorine Dioxide, and Derivatization Reactions in Environmental Analysis).

Concrete Admixtures Handbook, 2nd Ed.

Concrete Admixtures Handbook, 2nd Ed.
  • Author : V.S. Ramachandran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-12-31
  • Total pages :1183
  • ISBN : 9780815516545
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Summary : Since the publication of the first edition ten years ago, significant developments have occurred in the use of admixtures in concrete. Eight new chapters and a full update of the preceding ten chapters bring this book up to date; reflecting the relative advances made in the science and technology of different groups of admixtures. The increased role and development of admixtures in concrete technology is evidenced by a number of conferences, publications, and novel admixtures available in the market place. These developments in the field caused the modification of many chapters in the first edition in order to reflect the advances. Although individual chapters refer to standards and specifications of admixtures, those only interested in the standards or techniques used in investigating admixtures will find the second chapter (Research Technologies, Standards, and Specifications) useful. Admixtures are not as inert as may be presumed. They may chemically interact with the constituents of concrete and affect the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete and its durability. The third chapter deals with these aspects. It was important to devote a chapter to recent attempts in developing new admixtures.

Plasticizers Databook

Plasticizers Databook
  • Author : Anna Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-01
  • Total pages :626
  • ISBN : 9780323221337
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Summary : Plasticizer Databook contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The generic plasticizers contain data for particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually contain the most extensive information. The commercial plasticizers include only data given by plasticizer manufacturers. This allows comparison of properties of commercial plasticizers coming from different sources. The databook was developed to contain data required in plasticizers application. Attempts have been made to include plasticizers used in various sectors of industry to provide information for all users and to help in finding new solutions. Plasticizers included in the book differ from solvents by boiling point, which is above 250oC, but some plasticizers are used as temporary plasticizers or are expected to react with other components of mixture. These substances will not meet the boiling temperature criterion but will still be included since they play role of plasticizers. Based on the biggest plasticizer database ever published. Includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. Divided into sections for ease of use.

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
  • Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :994
  • ISBN : 9781466577237
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Summary : This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Plastics Additives Handbook

Plastics Additives Handbook
  • Author : R. Gächter,Helmut Müller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :754
  • ISBN : 0029479118
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Summary :

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-13
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9781927885185
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Summary : Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents provides useful guidance to assist practitioners in the more efficient and effective selection of foaming methods and blowing agents. The book focuses on the selection of additives for a diverse range of foaming processes, which can be enhanced using modern chemical means to improve product quality, speed up the process, and broaden the range of products that can be produced using foaming technology. Foamed polymers have many beneficial properties, including lower density, high heat and sound insulation, and shock absorbency. Foamed plastic parts are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life—from food packaging to seat cushions. As the application of foamed polymers expands and diversifies, a variety of foaming techniques and equipment are available to produce very diverse range of products. Foaming methods are generally established, but very little is known about the composition of materials to be processed and the additives to enhance foam products or make the foam production more economical. The book introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming, and thoroughly discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Phthalate Esters

Phthalate Esters
  • Author : Charles Staples
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-25
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 3540009922
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Summary : Phthalate esters are an important class of chemicals widely used in commercial applications, primarily as plasticizers to soften vinyl, but they are also used in consumer products. This book reviews the state of the scientific knowledge of phthalate esters in the environment. Key information reported includes: analytical methodologies; a compilation of concentration measurements in water, sediment, soil, air, dust, and food; plus an assessment of critical exposure pathways. In addition, key physical properties data and fate characteristics that control exposure are reviewed. Also included are pertinent ecotoxicity data and mammalian toxicity and human health information. Finally, the monograph addresses potential environmental risks.