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Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-14
  • Total pages :870
  • ISBN : 9781927885161
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Summary : Handbook of Plasticizers, Third Edition, is an essential professional reference, providing information that enables R&D scientists, production chemists, and engineers the information they need to use plasticizers more effectively, and to avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizers are vital to the plastics industry, particularly in improving the properties of materials such as PVC. Plasticizers are commonly added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials, so successful incorporation requires a broad understanding of the mechanisms of plasticizer action, and compatibility with different materials and blends. There is a large selection of commercial plasticizers, and various environmental issues which impact on selection decisions. The book discusses new and historical approaches to the use of plasticizers, explaining mechanisms of plasticizers' action and their behavior in plasticized systems. It goes into detail on the use of plasticizers in a range of specific polymers, polymer blends, and other industrial products. This includes coverage of the impact of plasticizers on processing. George Wypych provides the data and know-how from the most recent sources and updated information required by engineers and scientists working in the plastics industry and the many industry sectors that use plastics in their products. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. Enables materials scientists, chemists and engineers to use plasticizers more effectively, and avoid health and safety or performance risks Includes detailed coverage of the impact of plasticizers on polymers, and processing methods Provides the broad background of information required to select the correct plasticizer for any application Covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, including historical and theoretical background

Databook of Plasticizers

Databook of Plasticizers
  • Author : Anna Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-12
  • Total pages :710
  • ISBN : 9781927885154
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Summary : Databook of Plasticizers, Second Edition, contains data on the most important plasticizers in use today, including over 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The data comes from a range of sources beyond plasticizers' manufacturers, allowing for a detailed comparison of properties between different plasticizers. Over 100 different data fields are provided, from general information, such as molecular structure and formula, to physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and recommendations regarding appropriate use and performance of each plasticizer. The databook is an essential resource for engineers, technicians, and materials scientists responsible for specifying a plasticizer. It provides trustworthy and up-to-date data that is applicable to a range of numerous application areas, such as construction, automotives, food packaging, and more. Enables plastics practitioners to more efficiently select the correct plasticizer for a range of applications Includes 100 data fields for each plasticizer, including physical properties, health and safety information, ecological properties, and specific usage recommendations Contains data on the most important plasticizers currently in use – both commercial products and the chemical compounds used for the manufacture of plasticizers

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition

Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition
  • Author : Michael Bolgar,Jack Hubball,Joseph Groeger,Susan Meronek
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-25
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 9781439860755
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Summary : Polymers have undoubtedly changed the world through many products that improve our lives. However, additives used to modify the overall characteristics of these materials may not be fully disclosed or understood. These additives may present possible environmental and health hazards. It is important to monitor consumer products for these compounds using high-quality reference materials and dependable analytical techniques. The Handbook for the Chemical Analysis of Plastic and Polymer Additives, Second Edition provides the necessary tools for chemists to obtain a more complete listing of additives present in a particular polymeric matrix. It is designed to serve as a valuable source for those monitoring a polymer/plastic material for regulatory or internal compliance. It also helps analysts to correctly identify the complex nature of the materials that have been added to the polymer/plastic. With 50 additional compounds, this second edition nearly doubles the number of additives in several categories, including processing aids, antistatic compounds, mould release products, and blowing agents. It includes a listing that can be cross-referenced by trade name, chemical name, CAS number, and even key mass unit ions from the GC/MS run. Addressing additives from an analytical viewpoint, this comprehensive handbook helps readers identify the additives in plastics. This information can be used to assess compliance with regulations issued by the FDA, US EPA, EU, and other agencies.

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-15
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780323390415
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Summary : Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook: Processing, Materials, and Applications, Second Edition, covers both the polymer basics that are helpful to bring readers quickly up-to-speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing and the recent developments that enable practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. New chapters added specifically cover polyamides, polyimides, and polyesters. Hot topics such as 3-D printing and smart plastics are also included, giving plastics engineers the information they need to take these embryonic technologies and deploy them in their own work. With the increasing demands for lightness and fuel economy in the automotive industry (not least due to CAFÉ standards), plastics will soon be used even further in vehicles. A new chapter has been added to cover the technology trends in this area, and the book has been substantially updated to reflect advancements in technology, regulations, and the commercialization of plastics in various areas. Recycling of plastics has been thoroughly revised to reflect ongoing developments in sustainability of plastics. Extrusion processing is constantly progressing, as have the elastomeric materials, fillers, and additives which are available. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained, along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing, and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don't teach you in school and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up-to-speed in a new field. Presents an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements Ideal introduction for both new engineers and experienced practitioners entering a new field or evaluating a new technology Updated to include the latest technology, including 3D Printing, smart polymers, and thorough coverage of biopolymers and biodegradable plastics

Handbook of Plastics Joining

Handbook of Plastics Joining
  • Author : Michael J. Troughton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-17
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0815519761
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Summary : The new edition of this bestselling reference provides fully updated and detailed descriptions of plastics joining processes, plus an extensive compilation of data on joining specific materials. The volume is divided into two main parts: processes and materials. The processing section has 18 chapters, each explaining a different joining technique. The materials section has joining information for 25 generic polymer families. Both sections contain data organized according to the joining methods used for that material. * A significant and extensive update from experts at The Welding Institute * A systematic approach to discussing each joining method including: process, advantages and disadvantages, applications, materials, equipment, joint design, and welding parameters * Includes international suppliers’ directory and glossary of key joining terms * Includes new techniques such as flash free welding and friction stir welding * Covers thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and rubbers.

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Author : Jiri George Drobny
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-30
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780323221689
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Summary : Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture. TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application. In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered. Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries

Plastics Additives Handbook

Plastics Additives Handbook
  • Author : R Gachter,H Muller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988-05-12
  • Total pages :788
  • ISBN : 0195207645
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Summary : A new edition of the bestselling reference for practitioners and R & D scientists in the plastics producing and processing industry, this book features a fully updated listing of trade names and suppliers at the end of each chapter. Scientific principles, processing and applications of various additives are summarized, providing an overview of the state of the art and future trends. In addition to the subjects mentioned in the title, the work presents principles of additive compounding, and points out health and safety concerns associated with processing.

PVC Handbook

PVC Handbook
  • Author : Charles E. Wilkes,James W. Summers,Charles Anthony Daniels,Mark T. Berard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :723
  • ISBN : 1569903794
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Summary : In this single handbook, the editors aim to give a diverse audience of readers a complete account of all aspects of PVC--from monomer manufacture to polymerization; the gamut of such additives as stabilizers, lubricants, plasticizers, impact modifiers, fillers and reinforcing agents; blends and alloys; compounding and processing; characterization; combustion resistance and weatherability; product engineering design; applications; environmental and safety; and finally the PVC industry dynamics. This handbook contains both practical formulation information as well as a mechanistic view of why PVC behaves as it does.

Handbook of Vinyl Formulating

Handbook of Vinyl Formulating
  • Author : Richard F Grossman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-02
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780470253540
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Summary : Here is your starting point and complete guide to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) formulation. It covers the basics of vinyl formulation, starting formulations for compounds, and the latest compounding ingredients. Since publication of the acclaimed first edition, a standard reference used by vinyl technologists around the world, there have been many new developments in vinyl formulation as well as new discoveries and insights into the underlying mechanisms. It's all covered here in the second edition, in one highly readable, expertly organized volume.

Handbook of Specialty Elastomers

Handbook of Specialty Elastomers
  • Author : Robert C. Klingender
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-22
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 1420017675
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Summary : Written and edited by experts on specialty elastomers applications in the mechanical and automotive products industries, the Handbook of Specialty Elastomers provides a single source reference for the design of compounds using specialty elastomers. This book defines specialty elastomers as heat-, oil-, fuel-, and solvent-resistant polymers. Each chapter examines individual elastomers in terms of development history, chemical composition, structure, and properties as well as processing methods, applications, and commercially available products. Covering their applications in the rubber, energy, chemicals, and oil industries, the book also discusses the use of antioxidants, antiozonants, vulcanization agents, plasticizers, and process aids for specialty elastomers. The concluding chapter details considerations and relevant processes—such as molding operations—involved in designing application-specific rubber components. The Handbook of Specialty Elastomers provides comprehensive insight into the processes and challenges of designing rubber formulations and specialty elastomeric components.

Handbook of Environmental Analysis

Handbook of Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Pradyot Patnaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-23
  • Total pages :628
  • ISBN : 9781498745628
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Summary : The Handbook will cover all aspects of environmental analysis and will examine the emergence of many new classes of pollutants in recent years. It will provide information on an array of topics from instrumentation, analytical techniques, and sample preparations to statistical calculations, chemical structures, and equations. It will present the tools and techniques required to measure a wide range of toxic pollutants in our environment. It will be fully revised throughout, and will add four new chapters (Microbial Analysis, Chlorophyll, Chlorine, Chloramines and Chlorine Dioxide, and Derivatization Reactions in Environmental Analysis).

Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET

Plasticizers Derived from Post-consumer PET
  • Author : Ewa Langer,Krzysztof Bortel,Marta Lenartowicz-Klik,Sylwia Waskiewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780323462006
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Summary : Plasticizers Derived from Post-Consumer PET: Research Trends and Potential Applications presents a roadmap to the successful use of post-consumer PET to obtain plasticizers for later use, a proposal which presents both economic and sustainability advantages. Based on the results of the latest research into the development of chemical recycling techniques of PET waste, this book describes techniques where the plasticizer obtained can be utilized for value addition in PVC and other polymers. In addition, the book provides basic introductory information on the role of plasticizers in the modification of polymers, basic quality requirements, and the latest trends in the synthesis and use of plasticizers in industry, also presenting the available methods of PET recycling, with particular emphasis on chemical recycling, analysis of the PET market, the availability of post-consumer PET, and its value as a raw material for other products. Based on the authors' research, the book discusses the use of post-consumer PET in the synthesis of monomeric and oligomeric plasticizers. Synthesis conditions are shown in detail, and the influence of the structure of synthesized softeners on their basic quality parameters are assessed and compared with selected commercially available products. In the final sections, the book covers the economic challenges and benefits of this process and its application to newly developed products. Presents a step-by-step introduction to the methods of recycling PET into usable plasticizers Provides a viable, actionable alternative to landfills for post-consumer PET, enabling the recycling of more waste polymer and reducing the carbon footprint of PET Analyzes the economic benefits and challenges of this process Compares the quality of the output to commercially available products

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
  • Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :994
  • ISBN : 9781466577237
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Summary : This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters

CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters
  • Author : Allan F.M. Barton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-19
  • Total pages :768
  • ISBN : 9781351457194
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Summary : The CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters, Second Edition, which includes 17 new sections and 40 new data tables, incorporates information from a vast amount of material published over the last ten years. The volume is based on a bibliography of 2,900 reports, including 1,200 new citations. The detailed, careful construction of the handbook develops the concept of solubility parameters from empirical, thermodynamic, and molecular points of view and demonstrates their application to liquid, gas, solid, and polymer systems.

Mechanical Fastening of Plastics

Mechanical Fastening of Plastics
  • Author : Lincoln
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984-01-03
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 0824770781
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Summary : This text provides a unique, practical and comprehensive 'how to' introduction to plastic-to-plastic, non-permanent assemblies. Covering a full range of information in an easy to understand, nontechnical format, this outstanding work affords the confident understanding needed to keep pace with advances in plastic technology.

Plasticisers

Plasticisers
  • Author : A.S. Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :108
  • ISBN : 1859570631
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Summary : The role of external plasticisers is to increase the softness, flexibility and distensibility of polymer systems, particularly PVC. Additional effects such as the reduction of melt viscosity may be of prime importance in some cases. This report considers the whole subject of external plasticisers for polymers. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database provides useful references for further reading.

Alpha Olefins Applications Handbook

Alpha Olefins Applications Handbook
  • Author : George Lappin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-06
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781482254259
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Summary : This book discusses the applications of higher linear alpha olefins containing 4 to 30 carbon atoms, describes current commercial uses of alpha olefins, and indicates potential new uses. It also documents methods of production and provides physical property and general property data on the olefins.

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials

Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-08
  • Total pages :936
  • ISBN : 9781437734553
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Summary : Nothing stays the same for ever. The environmental degradation and corrosion of materials is inevitable and affects most aspects of life. In industrial settings, this inescapable fact has very significant financial, safety and environmental implications. The Handbook of Environmental Degradation of Materials explains how to measure, analyse, and control environmental degradation for a wide range of industrial materials including metals, polymers, ceramics, concrete, wood and textiles exposed to environmental factors such as weather, seawater, and fire. Divided into sections which deal with analysis, types of degradation, protection and surface engineering respectively, the reader is introduced to the wide variety of environmental effects and what can be done to control them. The expert contributors to this book provide a wealth of insider knowledge and engineering knowhow, complementing their explanations and advice with Case Studies from areas such as pipelines, tankers, packaging and chemical processing equipment ensures that the reader understands the practical measures that can be put in place to save money, lives and the environment. The Handbook's broad scope introduces the reader to the effects of environmental degradation on a wide range of materials, including metals, plastics, concrete,wood and textiles For each type of material, the book describes the kind of degradation that effects it and how best to protect it Case Studies show how organizations from small consulting firms to corporate giants design and manufacture products that are more resistant to environmental effects

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook

Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-20
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781437735154
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Summary : A practical reference for all plastics engineers who are seeking to answer a question, solve a problem, reduce a cost, improve a design or fabrication process, or even venture into a new market. Applied Plastics Engineering Handbook covers both polymer basics – helpful to bring readers quickly up to speed if they are not familiar with a particular area of plastics processing – and recent developments – enabling practitioners to discover which options best fit their requirements. Each chapter is an authoritative source of practical advice for engineers, providing authoritative guidance from experts that will lead to cost savings and process improvements. Throughout the book, the focus is on the engineering aspects of producing and using plastics. The properties of plastics are explained along with techniques for testing, measuring, enhancing and analyzing them. Practical introductions to both core topics and new developments make this work equally valuable for newly qualified plastics engineers seeking the practical rules-of-thumb they don’t teach you in school, and experienced practitioners evaluating new technologies or getting up to speed on a new field The depth and detail of the coverage of new developments enables engineers and managers to gain knowledge of, and evaluate, new technologies and materials in key growth areas such as biomaterials and nanotechnology This highly practical handbook is set apart from other references in the field, being written by engineers for an audience of engineers and providing a wealth of real-world examples, best practice guidance and rules-of-thumb

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents

Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-13
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9781927885185
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Summary : Handbook of Foaming and Blowing Agents provides useful guidance to assist practitioners in the more efficient and effective selection of foaming methods and blowing agents. The book focuses on the selection of additives for a diverse range of foaming processes, which can be enhanced using modern chemical means to improve product quality, speed up the process, and broaden the range of products that can be produced using foaming technology. Foamed polymers have many beneficial properties, including lower density, high heat and sound insulation, and shock absorbency. Foamed plastic parts are now a ubiquitous part of everyday life—from food packaging to seat cushions. As the application of foamed polymers expands and diversifies, a variety of foaming techniques and equipment are available to produce very diverse range of products. Foaming methods are generally established, but very little is known about the composition of materials to be processed and the additives to enhance foam products or make the foam production more economical. The book introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming, and thoroughly discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes. Introduces the fundamental mechanisms of action of blowing agents and foaming Includes best practice guidance to help engineers and technicians improve the efficiency of their existing foaming processes Enables practitioners to select blowing agents and foaming methods more effectively, reducing the risk of poor specification Introduces useful analytical techniques for foaming Discusses the environmental impact of foaming processes

Applied Polymer Science: 21st Century

Applied Polymer Science: 21st Century
  • Author : C. Craver,C. Carraher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-12-19
  • Total pages :1088
  • ISBN : 0080527353
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Summary : The 75th Anniversary Celebration of the Division of Polymeric Materials: Science and Engineering of the American Chemical Society, in 1999 sparked this third edition of Applied Polymer Science with emphasis on the developments of the last few years and a serious look at the challenges and expectations of the 21st Century. This book is divided into six sections, each with an Associate Editor responsible for the contents with the group of Associate Editors acting as a board to interweave and interconnect various topics and to insure complete coverage. These areas represent both traditional areas and emerging areas, but always with coverage that is timely. The areas and associated chapters represent vistas where PMSE and its members have made and are continuing to make vital contributions. The authors are leaders in their fields and have graciously donated their efforts to encourage the scientists of the next 75 years to further contribute to the well being of the society in which we all live. Synthesis, characterization, and application are three of the legs that hold up a steady table. The fourth is creativity. Each of the three strong legs are present in this book with creativity present as the authors were asked to look forward in predicting areas in need of work and potential applications. The book begins with an introductory history chapter introducing readers to PMSE. The second chapter introduces the very basic science, terms and concepts critical to polymer science and technology. Sections two, three and four focus on application areas emphasizing emerging trends and applications. Section five emphasizes the essential areas of characterization. Section six contains chapters focusing of the synthesis of the materials.