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Handbook of Seismic Risk Analysis and Management of Civil Infrastructure Systems

Handbook of Seismic Risk Analysis and Management of Civil Infrastructure Systems
  • Author : S Tesfamariam,K Goda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-30
  • Total pages :912
  • ISBN : 9780857098986
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Summary : Earthquakes represent a major risk to buildings, bridges and other civil infrastructure systems, causing catastrophic loss to modern society. Handbook of seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems reviews the state of the art in the seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems. Part one reviews research in the quantification of uncertainties in ground motion and seismic hazard assessment. Part twi discusses methodologies in seismic risk analysis and management, whilst parts three and four cover the application of seismic risk assessment to buildings, bridges, pipelines and other civil infrastructure systems. Part five also discusses methods for quantifying dependency between different infrastructure systems. The final part of the book considers ways of assessing financial and other losses from earthquake damage as well as setting insurance rates. Handbook of seismic risk analysis and management of civil infrastructure systems is an invaluable guide for professionals requiring understanding of the impact of earthquakes on buildings and lifelines, and the seismic risk assessment and management of buildings, bridges and transportation. It also provides a comprehensive overview of seismic risk analysis for researchers and engineers within these fields. This important handbook reviews the wealth of recent research in the area of seismic hazard analysis in modern earthquake design code provisions and practices Examines research into the analysis of ground motion and seismic hazard assessment, seismic risk hazard methodologies Addresses the assessment of seismic risks to buildings, bridges, water supply systems and other aspects of civil infrastructure

Proceedings of the International Conference on Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining

Proceedings of the International Conference on Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining
  • Author : Dieu Tien Bui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :469
  • ISBN : 9783030602697
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Summary : This volume gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of mining, geology and geo-spatial technologies, as presented by leading researchers and engineers at the International Conference on Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining (ISRM), held in Hanoi, Vietnam on October 15-17 2020. The contributions cover a diverse range of topics, including mining technology, drilling and blasting engineering, tunneling and geotechnical applications, mineral processing, mine management and economy, environmental risk assessment and management, mining and local development, mined land rehabilitation, water management and hydrogeology, regional Geology and tectonics, spatial engineering for monitoring natural resources and environment change, GIS and remote sensing for natural disaster monitoring, risk mapping and revisualization, natural resources monitoring and management, mine occupational safety and health. Selected by means of a rigorous peer-review process, they will spur novel research directions and foster future multidisciplinary collaborations.

SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities

SYNER-G: Systemic Seismic Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of Complex Urban, Utility, Lifeline Systems and Critical Facilities
  • Author : K. Pitilakis,P. Franchin,B. Khazai,H. Wenzel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9789401788359
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Summary : SYNER-G, a multidisciplinary effort funded by the European Union, allowed the development of an innovative methodological framework for the assessment of physical as well as socio-economic seismic vulnerability and risk at urban and regional level. The results of SYNER-G are presented in two books both published by Springer, the present and a second one, entitled “SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk: Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities”(*), which provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art of the fragility curves, an alternative way to express physical vulnerability of elements at risk. In this second volume of SYNER-G, the focus has been on presenting a unified holistic methodology for assessing vulnerability at systems level considering interactions between elements at risk (physical and non-physical) and between different systems. The proposed methodology and tool encompasses in an integrated fashion all aspects in the chain, from hazard to the vulnerability assessment of components and systems and to the socio-economic impacts of an earthquake, accounting for most relevant uncertainties within an efficient quantitative simulation scheme. It systematically integrates the most advanced fragility functions to assess the vulnerability of physical assets for buildings, utility systems, transportation networks and complex infrastructures such as harbours and hospitals. The increasing impact due to interactions between different components and systems is treated in a comprehensive way, providing specifications for each network and infrastructure. The proposed socio-economic model integrates social vulnerability into the physical systems modelling approaches providing to decision makers with a dynamic platform to capture post disaster emergency issues like shelter demand and health impact decisions. Application examples at city and regional scale have provided the necessary validation of the methodology and are also included in the book. The present volume, with its companion volume on fragility functions, represent a significant step forward in the seismic vulnerability and risk assessment of complex interacting urban and regional systems and infrastructures. These volumes are not only of interest to scientists and engineers but also to the insurance industry, decision makers and practitioners in the sector of civil protection and seismic risk management. (*) Pitilakis K, Crowley E, Kaynia A (eds) (2014) SYNER-G: Typology definition and fragility functions for physical elements at seismic risk, Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering 27, ISBN 978-94-007-7872-6, Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht.

Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures

Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures
  • Author : George Deodatis,Bruce R. Ellingwood,Dan M. Frangopol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-10
  • Total pages :1112
  • ISBN : 9781315884882
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Summary : Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures contains the plenary lectures and papers presented at the 11th International Conference on STRUCTURAL SAFETY AND RELIABILITY (ICOSSAR2013, New York, NY, USA, 16-20 June 2013), and covers major aspects of safety, reliability, risk and life-cycle performance of str

Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure

Routledge Handbook of Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure
  • Author : Paolo Gardoni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-17
  • Total pages :898
  • ISBN : 9781351392778
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Summary : To best serve current and future generations, infrastructure needs to be resilient to the changing world while using limited resources in a sustainable manner. Research on and funding towards sustainability and resilience are growing rapidly, and significant research is being carried out at a number of institutions and centers worldwide. This handbook brings together current research on sustainable and resilient infrastructure and, in particular, stresses the fundamental nexus between sustainability and resilience. It aims to coalesce work from a large and diverse group of contributors across a wide range of disciplines including engineering, technology and informatics, urban planning, public policy, economics, and finance. Not only does it present a theoretical formulation of sustainability and resilience but it also demonstrates how these ideals can be realized in practice. This work will provide a reference text to students and scholars of a number of disciplines.

Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbook

Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbook
  • Author : Masanori Hamada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-18
  • Total pages :581
  • ISBN : 1466592044
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Summary : Represents the State of the Art in Urban Lifeline Engineering Urban lifelines are buried or aboveground network systems used for water, sewerage, gas, power, and telecommunications. Dedicated to preserving the functions of lifeline systems against natural disasters, the Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbook is a vital compilation of urban utility management. This text utilizes the input of leading experts who have extensive experience with natural disasters, and provides a better understanding of the technical and legal framework of infrastructure construction and operation. Examine the Damage Data of Urban Lifelines Suffered by Seismic Disasters The book addresses water supply and sewerage, power, gas, telecommunications joint utility corridor lifeline facilities, and other critical civil infrastructure lifelines. It emphasizes the importance of the resilience of lifeline systems against natural disasters in protecting human lives and supporting survivors of disasters as well as in promptly recovering and reconstructing the affected areas. In addition, it also describes the structural damage of nodes and links, as well as the functional damage of the lifeline system from the viewpoint of disaster prevention and mitigation measures. This valuable work consists of 24 chapters in four sections covering: Design and construction of various lifeline facilities Maintenance Disaster management Environmental protection Disaster and emergency recovery measures Urban planning Life cycle costing GIS analysis of lifeline systems Computerized integrated management systems New materials and technologies The Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbook comprehensively describes common issues of lifeline systems, and provides practical information to engineers and industry professionals involved in the planning, construction, and maintenance of lifeline systems.

Risk Management in Civil Infrastructure

Risk Management in Civil Infrastructure
  • Author : Mohammed M. Ettouney,Sreenivas Alampalli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-01
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781482208450
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Summary : This book presents several original theories for risk, including Theory of Risk Monitoring, and Theory of Risk Acceptance, in addition to several analytical models for computing relative and absolute risk. The book discusses risk limit, states of risk, and the emerging concept of risk monitoring. The interrelationships between risk and resilience are also highlighted in an objective manner. The book includes several practical case studies showing how risk management and its components can be used to enhance performance of infrastructures at reasonable costs.

Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure

Maintenance and Safety of Aging Infrastructure
  • Author : Dan Frangopol,Yiannis Tsompanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-23
  • Total pages :746
  • ISBN : 9780415659420
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Summary : This book presents the latest research findings in the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure. The invited contributions provide an overview of the use of advanced computational and/or experimental techniques in damage and vulnerability assessment as well as maintenance and retrofitting of aging structures and infrastructures such as buildings, bridges, lifelines and ships. Cost-efficient maintenance and management of civil infrastructure requires balanced consideration of both structural performance and the total cost accrued over the entire life-cycle considering uncertainties. In this context, major topics treated in this book include aging structures, climate adaptation, climate change, corrosion, cost, damage assessment, decision making, extreme events, fatigue life, hazards, hazard mitigation, inspection, life-cycle performance, maintenance, management, NDT methods, optimization, redundancy, reliability, repair, retrofit, risk, robustness, resilience, safety, stochastic control, structural health monitoring, sustainability, uncertainties and vulnerability. Applications include bridges, buildings, dams, marine structures, pavements, power distribution poles, offshore platforms, stadiums and transportation networks. This up-to-date overview of the field of maintenance and safety of aging infrastructure makes this book a must-have reference work for those involved with structures and infrastructures, including students, researchers and practitioners.

Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis

Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis
  • Author : Robin K. McGuire
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :221
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822034223347
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Summary : This is the twenty-sixth volume in the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's series, Connections: The EERI Oral History Series. EERI began this series to preserve the recollections of some of those who have had pioneering careers in the field of earthquake engineering.Mete Sozen (1932-2018) is the Karl H. Kettelhut Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at Purdue University, Indiana, United States.Besides his academic interest in the development of design codes for concrete structures, Sozen is notable for his contributions to the official post 9/11-government studies of terrorist attacks, including the Oklahoma City bombing, and The Pentagon. Sozen also led a team that created an engineering simulation of American Airlines Flight 11 crashing into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. The computer-animated visualizations were made entirely from the simulation data. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1977 for contributions to understanding the structural design and behavior of buildings and bridges subjected to earthquake motions.Sozen received his undergraduate education at Robert College (Turkey, 1951) and his master's (1952) and doctoral degrees (1957) from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Life-cycle of Structural Systems

Life-cycle of Structural Systems
  • Author : Hitoshi Furuta,Mitsuyoshi Akiyama,Dan M. Frangopol
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 9781351204576
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Summary : This book aims to promote the study, research and applications in the design, assessment, prediction, and optimal management of life-cycle performance, safety, reliability, and risk of civil structures and infrastructure systems. The contribution in each chapter presents state-of-the-art as well as emerging applications related to key aspects of the life-cycle civil engineering field. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Structure and Infrastructure Engineering.

Earthquake Engineering Handbook

Earthquake Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Charles Scawthorn,Wai-Fah Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-09-27
  • Total pages :1512
  • ISBN : 9781420042443
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Summary : Earthquakes are nearly unique among natural phenomena - they affect virtually everything within a region, from massive buildings and bridges, down to the furnishings within a home. Successful earthquake engineering therefore requires a broad background in subjects, ranging from the geologic causes and effects of earthquakes to understanding the imp

Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering

Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering
  • Author : Izuru Takewaki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-03
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780080994291
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Summary : After the March 11, 2011, earthquake in Japan, there is overwhelming interest in worst-case analysis, including the critical excitation method. Nowadays, seismic design of structures performed by any seismic code is based on resisting previous natural earthquakes. Critical Excitation Methods in Earthquake Engineering, 2e, develops a new framework for modeling design earthquake loads for inelastic structures. The 2e, includes three new chapters covering the critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions, and that for elastic-plastic structures in a more direct way are incorporated and discussed in more depth. Finally, the problem of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings is discussed from broader viewpoints. Solves problems of earthquake resilience of super high-rise buildings Three new chapters on critical excitation problem for multi-component input ground motions Includes numerical examples of one and two-story models

The Design Life of Structures

The Design Life of Structures
  • Author : G. Somerville
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991-09-01
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780203168875
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Summary : The whole area of durability, integrity and quality control of structures is starting to be taken very seriously by the construction industry. Central to this is the design life concept, which looks at the materials used, methods of construction, safety factors, maintenance and repair, and change of use, all from a holistic viewpoint. This new book

Financial Management of Earthquake Risk

Financial Management of Earthquake Risk
  • Author : Earthquake Engineering Research Institute
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : PSU:000054385429
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Summary : This white paper provides an overview of the following: 1) how financial risk is managed in the residential, commercial, small business, lifelines and government sectors; 2) how risk can be reduced, transferred or avoided through the use of insurance, mortgages and capital market instruments; and 3) how earthquake engineering expertise fits into this process. The discussion should be useful for the following audiences: 1) engineering students and faculty in understanding different career options that use engineering knowledge; 2) practicing engineers in understanding how the information they provide to various clients is part of the larger process of financial risk management; and 3) financial managers in gaining a better understanding of how the financial and earthquake engineering communities are interrelated.

Mega Quakes: Cascading Earthquake Hazards and Compounding Risks

Mega Quakes: Cascading Earthquake Hazards and Compounding Risks
  • Author : Katsuichiro Goda,Tiziana Rossetto,Nobuhito Mori,Solomon Tesfamariam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-15
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889454549
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Summary : Large-scale earthquake hazards pose major threats to modern society, generating casualties, disrupting socioeconomic activities, and causing enormous economic loss across the world. Events, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, highlighted the vulnerability of urban cities to catastrophic earthquakes. Accurate assessment of earthquake-related hazards (both primary and secondary) is essential to mitigate and control disaster risk exposure effectively. To date, various approaches and tools have been developed in different disciplines. However, they are fragmented over a number of research disciplines and underlying assumptions are often inconsistent. Our society and infrastructure are subjected to multiple types of cascading earthquake hazards; therefore, integrated hazard assessment and risk management strategy is needed for mitigating potential consequences due to multi-hazards. Moreover, uncertainty modeling and its impact on hazard prediction and anticipated consequences are essential parts of probabilistic earthquake hazard and risk assessment. The Research Topic is focused upon modeling and impact assessment of cascading earthquake hazards, including mainshock ground shaking, aftershock, tsunami, liquefaction, and landslide.

Resilience and Risk

Resilience and Risk
  • Author : Igor Linkov,José Manuel Palma-Oliveira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-01
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 9789402411232
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Summary : This volume addresses the challenges associated with methodology and application of risk and resilience science and practice to address emerging threats in environmental, cyber, infrastructure and other domains. The book utilizes the collective expertise of scholars and experts in industry, government and academia in the new and emerging field of resilience in order to provide a more comprehensive and universal understanding of how resilience methodology can be applied in various disciplines and applications. This book advocates for a systems-driven view of resilience in applications ranging from cyber security to ecology to social action, and addresses resilience-based management in infrastructure, cyber, social domains and methodology and tools. Risk and Resilience has been written to open up a transparent dialog on resilience management for scientists and practitioners in all relevant academic disciplines and can be used as supplement in teaching risk assessment and management courses.

Review of the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis

Review of the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis
  • Author : National Research Council,Committee to Review the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-10
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780309159241
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Summary : The events of September 11, 2001 changed perceptions, rearranged national priorities, and produced significant new government entities, including the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) created in 2003. While the principal mission of DHS is to lead efforts to secure the nation against those forces that wish to do harm, the department also has responsibilities in regard to preparation for and response to other hazards and disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, and other "natural" disasters. Whether in the context of preparedness, response or recovery from terrorism, illegal entry to the country, or natural disasters, DHS is committed to processes and methods that feature risk assessment as a critical component for making better-informed decisions. Review of the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis explores how DHS is building its capabilities in risk analysis to inform decision making. The department uses risk analysis to inform decisions ranging from high-level policy choices to fine-scale protocols that guide the minute-by-minute actions of DHS employees. Although DHS is responsible for mitigating a range of threats, natural disasters, and pandemics, its risk analysis efforts are weighted heavily toward terrorism. In addition to assessing the capability of DHS risk analysis methods to support decision-making, the book evaluates the quality of the current approach to estimating risk and discusses how to improve current risk analysis procedures. Review of the Department of Homeland Security's Approach to Risk Analysis recommends that DHS continue to build its integrated risk management framework. It also suggests that the department improve the way models are developed and used and follow time-tested scientific practices, among other recommendations.

Emerging Materials for Civil Infrastructure

Emerging Materials for Civil Infrastructure
  • Author : Roberto A. Lopez-Anido,Tarun R. Naik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-01-01
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 0784474931
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Summary : Prepared by the Emerging Materials Committee of the Materials Division of ASCE. This report presents a review of the state of the art on emerging materials for use in civil engineering infrastructure. Emerging materials include novel and new materials, as well as traditional materials with profound potential in new applications. A material or class of materials is considered "emerging" if its use has not yet progressed to a stage wherein well-established guidelines, codes, and specifications exist for its use. This report is conveniently divided into chapters that address specific classes of materials andØhighlight the most recent developments in materials technologies relevant to civil infrastructure.Ø Topics include: smart materials for civil engineering applications; fiber reinforced composites in civil infrastructure; emerging geomaterials for ground improvement; aluminum materials and the infrastructure; polymer concrete made with recycled plastics; state of the practice in asphalt technology; emerging uses for masonry materials; and emerging uses for window glass. The practicing engineer, student, or general reader will find this to be an easy-to-use reference for construction material systems that are being developed for use in civil engineering.

Risk Assessment, Modeling and Decision Support

Risk Assessment, Modeling and Decision Support
  • Author : Ann Bostrom,Steven P. French,Sara J. Gottlieb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-10
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 3540711589
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Summary : The papers in this volume integrate results from current research efforts in earthquake engineering with research from the larger risk assessment community. The authors include risk and hazard researchers from the major U.S. hazard and earthquake centers. The volume lays out a road map for future developments in risk modeling and decision support, and positions earthquake engineering research within the family of risk analysis tools and techniques.

Lifelines

Lifelines
  • Author : Stephane Hallegatte,Jun Rentschler,Julie Rozenberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-16
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9781464814310
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Summary : Infrastructure—electricity, telecommunications, roads, water, and sanitation—are central to people’s lives. Without it, they cannot make a living, stay healthy, and maintain a good quality of life. Access to basic infrastructure is also a key driver of economic development. This report lays out a framework for understanding infrastructure resilience - the ability of infrastructure systems to function and meet users’ needs during and after a natural hazard. It focuses on four infrastructure systems that are essential to economic activity and people’s well-being: power systems, including the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity; water and sanitation—especially water utilities; transport systems—multiple modes such as road, rail, waterway, and airports, and multiple scales, including urban transit and rural access; and telecommunications, including telephone and Internet connections.

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering
  • Author : Michael Beer,Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou,Edoardo Patelli,Ivan Siu-Kui Au
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-30
  • Total pages :3953
  • ISBN : 3642353436
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Summary : The Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering is designed to be the authoritative and comprehensive reference covering all major aspects of the science of earthquake engineering, specifically focusing on the interaction between earthquakes and infrastructure. The encyclopedia comprises approximately 300 contributions. Since earthquake engineering deals with the interaction between earthquake disturbances and the built infrastructure, the emphasis is on basic design processes important to both non-specialists and engineers so that readers become suitably well informed without needing to deal with the details of specialist understanding. The encyclopedia’s content provides technically-inclined and informed readers about the ways in which earthquakes can affect our infrastructure and how engineers would go about designing against, mitigating and remediating these effects. The coverage ranges from buildings, foundations, underground construction, lifelines and bridges, roads, embankments and slopes. The encyclopedia also aims to provide cross-disciplinary and cross-domain information to domain-experts. This is the first single reference encyclopedia of this breadth and scope that brings together the science, engineering and technological aspects of earthquakes and structures.