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Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics

Handbook of Self Assembled Semiconductor Nanostructures for Novel Devices in Photonics and Electronics
  • Author : Mohamed Henini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-28
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 0080560474
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Summary : The self-assembled nanostructured materials described in this book offer a number of advantages over conventional material technologies in a wide range of sectors. World leaders in the field of self-organisation of nanostructures review the current status of research and development in the field, and give an account of the formation, properties, and self-organisation of semiconductor nanostructures. Chapters on structural, electronic and optical properties, and devices based on self-organised nanostructures are also included. Future research work on self-assembled nanostructures will connect diverse areas of material science, physics, chemistry, electronics and optoelectronics. This book will provide an excellent starting point for workers entering the field and a useful reference to the nanostructured materials research community. It will be useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology and those wishing to gain a view of what is possible with modern fabrication technology. Mohamed Henini is a Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Nottingham. He has authored and co-authored over 750 papers in international journals and conference proceedings and is the founder of two international conferences. He is the Editor-in-Chief of Microelectronics Journal and has edited three previous Elsevier books. Contributors are world leaders in the field Brings together all the factors which are essential in self-organisation of quantum nanostructures Reviews the current status of research and development in self-organised nanostructured materials Provides a ready source of information on a wide range of topics Useful to any scientist who is involved in nanotechnology Excellent starting point for workers entering the field Serves as an excellent reference manual

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Molecular Beam Epitaxy
  • Author : Mohamed Henini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 9780123918598
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Summary : This multi-contributor handbook discusses Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), an epitaxial deposition technique which involves laying down layers of materials with atomic thicknesses on to substrates. It summarizes MBE research and application in epitaxial growth with close discussion and a ‘how to’ on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on a surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. MBE has expanded in importance over the past thirty years (in terms of unique authors, papers and conferences) from a pure research domain into commercial applications (prototype device structures and more at the advanced research stage). MBE is important because it enables new device phenomena and facilitates the production of multiple layered structures with extremely fine dimensional and compositional control. The techniques can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. This book covers the advances made by MBE both in research and mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures which are commercially available, and many more which are at the advanced research stage. Condenses fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology enhances processing efficiency and throughput for semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology

Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-28
  • Total pages :3608
  • ISBN : 9780080932286
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Summary : Semiconductors are at the heart of modern living. Almost everything we do, be it work, travel, communication, or entertainment, all depend on some feature of semiconductor technology. Comprehensive Semiconductor Science and Technology captures the breadth of this important field, and presents it in a single source to the large audience who study, make, and exploit semiconductors. Previous attempts at this achievement have been abbreviated, and have omitted important topics. Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts, this work delivers an objective yet cohesive global review of the semiconductor world. The work is divided into three sections. The first section is concerned with the fundamental physics of semiconductors, showing how the electronic features and the lattice dynamics change drastically when systems vary from bulk to a low-dimensional structure and further to a nanometer size. Throughout this section there is an emphasis on the full understanding of the underlying physics. The second section deals largely with the transformation of the conceptual framework of solid state physics into devices and systems which require the growth of extremely high purity, nearly defect-free bulk and epitaxial materials. The last section is devoted to exploitation of the knowledge described in the previous sections to highlight the spectrum of devices we see all around us. Provides a comprehensive global picture of the semiconductor world Each of the work's three sections presents a complete description of one aspect of the whole Written and Edited by a truly international team of experts

Nanocolloids

Nanocolloids
  • Author : Margarita Sanchez-Dominguez,Carlos Rodriguez-Abreu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-09
  • Total pages :536
  • ISBN : 9780128017586
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Summary : Nanocolloids: A Meeting Point for Scientists and Technologists presents an easy-to-read approach to current trends in nanoscale colloid chemistry, which offers relatively simple and economically feasible ways to produce nanomaterials. Nanocolloids have been the subjects of major development in modern technology, with many current and future applications. The book helps scientists and technologists to understand the different aspects of modern nanocolloid science. It outlines the underlying fundamental principles of nanocolloid science and covers applications ranging from emulsions to dispersions and suspensions. You will find details on experimental techniques and methods for the synthesis and characterization of nanocolloids, including the latest developments in nanoemulsions and nanoparticles. Edited by leading academics with over 10 years’ experience in the field of colloid and surfactant science. Each chapter is authored by recognized experts in the field. Outlines the underlying fundamental science behind nanocolloids. Provides comprehensive coverage of current topics and potential applications in nanocolloid science. Presents a multidisciplinary approach to help chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, materials scientists and pharmacologists, form an in-depth understanding of nanocolloid science.

Effect of Static Electric Fields on The Electronic And Optical Properties of Layered Semiconductor Nanostructures

Effect of Static Electric Fields on The Electronic And Optical Properties of Layered Semiconductor Nanostructures
  • Author : Volodya A. Harutyunyan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-04
  • Total pages :175
  • ISBN : 9781681080802
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Summary : This volume investigates the theory of the effect of static electric fields on one-electron states in. nanocylindrical and nanospherical heterolayers and quantized semiconductor films. Homogeneous external electrostatic field for all these structures has been considered as a "universal" modulating factor. For structures with radial symmetry, a study on the influence of radial static field and the electric field of a charged ring on one-electron states is presented. Chapters focusing on homogeneous field effect on low-dimensional excitonic states in the quantized films and quantum wires - in both wide bandgap and narrowband semiconductors - are also included. Other contents include calculations weak, moderate and strong electric fields, quantum-mechanical approximation and perturbation theory, the quasi-classical approximation (WKB method). Readers will benefit from the varied methodological to the subject which gives them a concrete analytical framework to solve problems related to nanoscale semiconductor design. The reference should prove to be useful to academics and professionals working in semiconductor nanoelectronics research and development.

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology
  • Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :834
  • ISBN : 0125139209
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Summary : Nanotechnology Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century Written by a truly international list of contributors.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices
  • Author : Oksana Ostroverkhova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :911
  • ISBN : 9780081022856
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Summary : Handbook of Organic Materials for Electronic and Photonic Devices, Second Edition, provides an overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques, structure-property relationships, and most promising applications of organic materials. This new release includes new content on emerging organic materials, expanded content on the basic physics behind electronic properties, and new chapters on organic photonics. As advances in organic materials design, fabrication, and processing that enabled charge unprecedented carrier mobilities and power conversion efficiencies have made dramatic advances since the first edition, this latest release presents a necessary understanding of the underlying physics that enabled novel material design and improved organic device design. Provides a comprehensive overview of the materials, mechanisms, characterization techniques, and structure property relationships of organic electronic and photonic materials Reviews key applications, including organic solar cells, light-emitting diodes electrochemical cells, sensors, transistors, bioelectronics, and memory devices New content to reflect latest advances in our understanding of underlying physics to enable material design and device fabrication

Handbook of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials, Five-Volume Set

Handbook of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials, Five-Volume Set
  • Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-10-26
  • Total pages :2911
  • ISBN : 9780080533827
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Summary : This handbook brings together, under a single cover, all aspects of the chemistry, physics, and engineering of surfaces and interfaces of materials currently studied in academic and industrial research. It covers different experimental and theoretical aspects of surfaces and interfaces, their physical properties, and spectroscopic techniques that have been applied to a wide class of inorganic, organic, polymer, and biological materials. The diversified technological areas of surface science reflect the explosion of scientific information on surfaces and interfaces of materials and their spectroscopic characterization. The large volume of experimental data on chemistry, physics, and engineering aspects of materials surfaces and interfaces remains scattered in so many different periodicals, therefore this handbook compilation is needed. The information presented in this multivolume reference draws on two decades of pioneering research on the surfaces and interfaces of materials to offer a complete perspective on the topic. These five volumes-Surface and Interface Phenomena; Surface Characterization and Properties; Nanostructures, Micelles, and Colloids; Thin Films and Layers; Biointerfaces and Applications-provide multidisciplinary review chapters and summarize the current status of the field covering important scientific and technological developments made over past decades in surfaces and interfaces of materials and spectroscopic techniques with contributions from internationally recognized experts from all over the world. Fully cross-referenced, this book has clear, precise, and wide appeal as an essential reference source long due for the scientific community. The complete reference on the topic of surfaces and interfaces of materials The information presented in this multivolume reference draws on two decades of pioneering research Provides multidisciplinary review chapters and summarizes the current status of the field Covers important scientific and technological developments made over past decades in surfaces and interfaces of materials and spectroscopic techniques Contributions from internationally recognized experts from all over the world

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications

Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications
  • Author : Jai Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-23
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9781119506317
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Summary : Provides a semi-quantitative approach to recent developments in the study of optical properties of condensed matter systems Featuring contributions by noted experts in the field of electronic and optoelectronic materials and photonics, this book looks at the optical properties of materials as well as their physical processes and various classes. Taking a semi-quantitative approach to the subject, it presents a summary of the basic concepts, reviews recent developments in the study of optical properties of materials and offers many examples and applications. Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications, 2nd Edition starts by identifying the processes that should be described in detail and follows with the relevant classes of materials. In addition to featuring four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry, the book covers: optical properties of disordered condensed matter and glasses; concept of excitons; photoluminescence, photoinduced changes, and electroluminescence in noncrystalline semiconductors; and photoinduced bond breaking and volume change in chalcogenide glasses. Also included are chapters on: nonlinear optical properties of photonic glasses; kinetics of the persistent photoconductivity in crystalline III-V semiconductors; and transparent white OLEDs. In addition, readers will learn about excitonic processes in quantum wells; optoelectronic properties and applications of quantum dots; and more. Covers all of the fundamentals and applications of optical properties of materials Includes theory, experimental techniques, and current and developing applications Includes four new chapters on optoelectronic properties of organic semiconductors, recent advances in electroluminescence, perovskites, and ellipsometry Appropriate for materials scientists, chemists, physicists and electrical engineers involved in development of electronic materials Written by internationally respected professionals working in physics and electrical engineering departments and government laboratories Optical Properties of Materials and Their Applications, 2nd Edition is an ideal book for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students, and teaching and research professionals in the fields of physics, chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, and materials engineering.

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices

Handbook of Organic Materials for Optical and (Opto)Electronic Devices
  • Author : Oksana Ostroverkhova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-31
  • Total pages :832
  • ISBN : 9780857098764
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Summary : Small molecules and conjugated polymers, the two main types of organic materials used for optoelectronic and photonic devices, can be used in a number of applications including organic light-emitting diodes, photovoltaic devices, photorefractive devices and waveguides. Organic materials are attractive due to their low cost, the possibility of their deposition from solution onto large-area substrates, and the ability to tailor their properties. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices provides an overview of the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials, and explains how these materials can be used across a range of applications. Parts one and two explore the materials used for organic optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, their properties, and methods of their characterization illustrated by physical studies. Part three moves on to discuss the applications of optoelectronic and nonlinear optical organic materials in devices and includes chapters on organic solar cells, electronic memory devices, and electronic chemical sensors, electro-optic devices. The Handbook of organic materials for optical and (opto)electronic devices is a technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists involved in research and development of organic semiconductor and nonlinear optical materials and devices. Comprehensively examines the properties of organic optoelectronic and nonlinear optical materials Discusses their applications in different devices including solar cells, LEDs and electronic memory devices An essential technical resource for physicists, chemists, electrical engineers and materials scientists

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook
  • Author : Makio Naito,Masuo Hosokawa,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kiyoshi Nogi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-19
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 008055802X
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Summary : Nanoparticle technology, which handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles, is a new and revolutionary technology. It becomes the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional Fine Particle / Powder Technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, Drug Delivery System, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of the bulk materials. This new handbook is the first to explain complete aspects of nanoparticles with many application examples showing their advantages and advanced development. There are handbooks which briefly mention the nanosized particles or their related applications, but no handbook describing the complete aspects of nanoparticles has been published so far. The handbook elucidates of the basic properties of nanoparticles and various nanostructural materials with their characterisation methods in the first part. It also introduces more than 40 examples of practical and potential uses of nanoparticles in the later part dealing with applications. It is intended to give readers a clear picture of nanoparticles as well as new ideas or hints on their applications to create new materials or to improve the performance of the advanced functional materials developed with the nanoparticles. * Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications. * Includes basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints * Includes information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications.

Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics

Handbook of Nanoscale Optics and Electronics
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-25
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 0123751799
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Summary : With the increasing demand for smaller, faster, and more highly integrated optical and electronic devices, as well as extremely sensitive detectors for biomedical and environmental applications, a field called nano-optics or nano-photonics/electronics is emerging – studying the many promising optical properties of nanostructures. Like nanotechnology itself, it is a rapidly evolving and changing field – but because of strong research activity in optical communication and related devices, combined with the intensive work on nanotechnology, nano-optics is shaping up fast to be a field with a promising future. This book serves as a one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments. Provides overview of the field of Nano-optics/photonics and electronics, detailing practical examples of photonic technology in a wide range of applications Discusses photonic systems and devices with mathematical rigor precise enough for design purposes A one-stop review of modern nano-optical/photonic and nano-electronic techniques, applications, and developments.

Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics

Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics
  • Author : Loucas Tsakalakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-25
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9781420076752
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Summary : Current concerns regarding greenhouse gas-related environmental effects, energy security, and the rising costs of fossil fuel-based energy has renewed interest in solar energy in general and photovotaics in particular. Exploring state-of-the-art developments from a practical point of view, Nanotechnology for Photovoltaics examines issues in increas

Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Semiconductor Nanocrystals
  • Author : Alexander L. Efros,D.J. Lockwood,Leonid Tsybeskov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :263
  • ISBN : 9781475736779
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Summary : A physics book that covers the optical properties of quantum-confined semiconductor nanostructures from both the theoretical and experimental points of view together with technological applications. Topics to be reviewed include quantum confinement effects in semiconductors, optical adsorption and emission properties of group IV, III-V, II-VI semiconductors, deep-etched and self assembled quantum dots, nanoclusters, and laser applications in optoelectronics.

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology
  • Author : William A. Goddard III,Donald Brenner,Sergey Edward Lyshevski,Gerald J Iafrate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-03
  • Total pages :1080
  • ISBN : 142000784X
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Summary : The ability to study and manipulate matter at the nanoscale is the defining feature of 21st-century science. The first edition of the standard-setting Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology saw the field through its infancy. Reassembling the preeminent team of leading scientists and researchers from all areas of nanoscience and nanote

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology
  • Author : William A. Goddard III,Donald Brenner,Sergey Edward Lyshevski,Gerald J Iafrate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :1093
  • ISBN : 9781439860168
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Summary : In his 1959 address, "There is Plenty of Room at the Bottom," Richard P. Feynman speculated about manipulating materials atom by atom and challenged the technical community "to find ways of manipulating and controlling things on a small scale." This visionary challenge has now become a reality, with recent advances enabling atomistic-level tailoring and control of materials. Exemplifying Feynman’s vision, Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology, Third Edition continues to explore innovative nanoscience, engineering, and technology areas. Along with updating all chapters, this third edition extends the coverage of emerging nano areas even further. Two entirely new sections on energy and biology cover nanomaterials for energy storage devices, photovoltaics, DNA devices and assembly, digital microfluidic lab-on-a-chip, and much more. This edition also includes new chapters on nanomagnet logic, quantum transport at the nanoscale, terahertz emission from Bloch oscillator systems, molecular logic, electronic optics in graphene, and electromagnetic metamaterials. With contributions from top scientists and researchers from around the globe, this color handbook presents a unified, up-to-date account of the most promising technologies and developments in the nano field. It sets the stage for the next revolution of nanoscale manufacturing—where scalable technologies are used to manufacture large numbers of devices with complex functionalities.

Nanostructured Semiconductors

Nanostructured Semiconductors
  • Author : Petra Granitzer,Klemens Rumpf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-03-11
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9789814411103
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Summary : This book focuses on nanostructured semiconductors, their fabrication, and their application in various fields such as optics, acoustics, and biomedicine. It presents a compendium of recent developments in nanostructured and hybrid materials and also contains a collection of principles and approaches related to nano-size semiconductors. The text summarizes the recent work by renowned scientists, emphasizing the synthesis by self-assembly or prestructuring and characterization methods of such nanosize materials and also discusses the potential applications of nanostructured semiconductors and hybrid systems. The book also gives adequate coverage to the novel properties of nanostructured and low-dimensional materials.

Semiconductor Manufacturing Handbook

Semiconductor Manufacturing Handbook
  • Author : Hwaiyu Geng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-27
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780071445597
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Summary : This handbook will provide engineers with the principles, applications, and solutions needed to design and manage semiconductor manufacturing operations. Consolidating the many complex fields of semiconductor fundamentals and manufacturing into one volume by deploying a team of world class specialists, it allows the quick look up of specific manufacturing reference data across many subdisciplines.

Nanoelectronic Materials

Nanoelectronic Materials
  • Author : Loutfy H. Madkour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-27
  • Total pages :783
  • ISBN : 9783030216214
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Summary : This book presents synthesis techniques for the preparation of low-dimensional nanomaterials including 0D (quantum dots), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes) and 2D (thin films, few layers), as well as their potential applications in nanoelectronic systems. It focuses on the size effects involved in the transition from bulk materials to nanomaterials; the electronic properties of nanoscale devices; and different classes of nanomaterials from microelectronics to nanoelectronics, to molecular electronics. Furthermore, it demonstrates the structural stability, physical, chemical, magnetic, optical, electrical, thermal, electronic and mechanical properties of the nanomaterials. Subsequent chapters address their characterization, fabrication techniques from lab-scale to mass production, and functionality. In turn, the book considers the environmental impact of nanotechnology and novel applications in the mechanical industries, energy harvesting, clean energy, manufacturing materials, electronics, transistors, health and medical therapy. In closing, it addresses the combination of biological systems with nanoelectronics and highlights examples of nanoelectronic–cell interfaces and other advanced medical applications. The book answers the following questions: • What is different at the nanoscale? • What is new about nanoscience? • What are nanomaterials (NMs)? • What are the fundamental issues in nanomaterials? • Where are nanomaterials found? • What nanomaterials exist in nature? • What is the importance of NMs in our lives? • Why so much interest in nanomaterials? • What is at nanoscale in nanomaterials? • What is graphene? • Are pure low-dimensional systems interesting and worth pursuing? • Are nanotechnology products currently available? • What are sensors? • How can Artificial Intelligence (AI) and nanotechnology work together? • What are the recent advances in nanoelectronic materials? • What are the latest applications of NMs?

Nanostructure, Nanosystems, and Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructure, Nanosystems, and Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : P. M. Sivakumar,Vladimir I. Kodolov,Gennady Efremovich Zaikov,A. K. Haghi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-25
  • Total pages :580
  • ISBN : 9781926895499
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Summary : This book provides valuable information on the new class of nanostructures—metal/carbon nanocomposites—and discusses new methods of their synthesis, properties, and applications. It covers computer prognosis, including quantum chemical modeling, for metal/carbon nanocomposites synthesis processing as well as fine dispersed suspensions obtaining processes and material modification processes. Intended for researchers, academics, and post-graduate students, the book will give readers an up-to-date look at this important and valuable new class of nanostructures: metal/carbon nanocomposites.

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology, Five-Volume Set

Handbook of Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology, Five-Volume Set
  • Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-10-29
  • Total pages :3461
  • ISBN : 9780080533643
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Summary : Nanostructured materials is one of the hottest and fastest growing areas in today's materials science field, along with the related field of solid state physics. Nanostructured materials and their based technologies have opened up exciting new possibilites for future applications in a number of areas including aerospace, automotive, x-ray technology, batteries, sensors, color imaging, printing, computer chips, medical implants, pharmacy, and cosmetics. The ability to change properties on the atomic level promises a revolution in many realms of science and technology. Thus, this book details the high level of activity and significant findings are available for those involved in research and development in the field. It also covers industrial findings and corporate support. This five-volume set summarizes fundamentals of nano-science in a comprehensive way. The contributors enlisted by the editor are at elite institutions worldwide. Key Features * Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century * Written by 127 authors from 16 countries, making this truly international * First and only reference to cover all aspects of nanostructured materials and nanotechnology