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Handbook of Solvents

Handbook of Solvents
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :1675
  • ISBN : 9781895198249
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Summary : A comprehensive, extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use, the handbook is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, and legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards for use, handling, and disposal.

Handbook of Solvents, Volume 2

Handbook of Solvents, Volume 2
  • Author : George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-21
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 9781927885420
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Summary : Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment, Third Edition, contains the most comprehensive information ever published on solvents and an extensive analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators protect workers, and legislators and inspectors define and implement public safeguards on solvent usage, handling and disposal. The book begins with a discussion of solvent use in over 30 industries, which are the main consumers of solvents. The analysis is conducted based on available data and contains information on the types of solvents used and potential problems and solutions. In addition, the possibilities for solvent substitution are also discussed, with an emphasis on supercritical solvents, ionic liquids, ionic melts, and agriculture-based products. Assists in solvent selection by providing key information and insight on environmental and safety issues Provides essential best practice guidance for human health considerations Discusses the latest advances and trends in solvent technology, including modern methods of cleaning contaminated soils, selection of gloves, suits and respirators

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties
  • Author : Ian Smallwood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780080523781
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Summary : The properties of 72 of the most commonly used solvents are given, tabulated in the most convenient way, making this book a joy for industrial chemists to use as a desk reference. The properties covered are those which answer the basic questions of: Will it do the job? Will it harm the user? Will it pollute the air? Is it easy to handle? Will it pollute the water? Can it be recovered or incinerated? These are all factors that need to be considered at the early stages of choosing a solvent for a new product or process. A collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazardsA collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazards

Industrial Solvents Handbook, Revised And Expanded

Industrial Solvents Handbook, Revised And Expanded
  • Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-15
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 0203911334
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Summary : Keeping pace with current trends in solvent production, this volume builds upon its previous edition with broader coverage of safe handling practices, health effects, physical properties, and chemical synthesis routes to some of the most important organic solvents used in the chemical and allied process industries. This handy reference features a glossary of solvent terminology and an easy-to-reference index of synonyms for chemicals and solvents. The Second Edition features new and updated chapters on the major classes of organic solvents, descriptions for general use, and the chemical formulation, thermodynamic properties, health and toxicity, and combustible characteristics of solvents.

Solvent Recovery Handbook

Solvent Recovery Handbook
  • Author : Ian McN. Smallwood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 0849316022
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Summary : The pressure is on to cut plant emissions while still maintaining a cost-effective operation. Choosing the best solvent, being aware of potential problems, and the recovery of solvents has never been so important. Traditionally, solvents had been chosen on the basis of whether they can do the job effectively and economically. However, with regulations on exposure to solvent vapors becoming more stringent, selecting the solvent that meets regulatory, efficiency, and economical criteria as early as possible in the process has become paramount. Solvent Recovery Handbook, Second Edition sets out the physical properties of the fifty most commonly used solvents. The book supplies information on their behavior during and after use, health and fire hazards, the photochemical ozone creation potential (POCP), and recovery processes including practical aspects of the design and operation of batch stills. It delivers state-of-the art coverage of every available recovery and disposal technology - including removing solvents from gas, water, and residues, separating used solvents, and drying solvents. What's more, you'll find fact-filled sections on the latest equipment, safe effective operating procedures, choosing solvents with recovery in mind, and much more. Updated and expanded, Ian Smallwood's Solvent Recovery Handbook, Second Edition hands you all the practical tools you need to efficiently and cost-effectively process harmful organic solvents after re-capture.

Industrial Solvents Handbook

Industrial Solvents Handbook
  • Author : Ernest W. Flick
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1991
  • Total pages :930
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105031378263
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Summary :

Properties of Organic Solvents

Properties of Organic Solvents
  • Author : David R. Lide
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-09-13
  • Total pages :48
  • ISBN : 0849304067
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Summary : Use this database to instantly locate the compound you need! This electronic database covers 564 of the most common solvents used in industry, academic research, and general commerce. These organic solvents find applications as carriers for paints, medications, cleaning agents, and a host of other active ingredients. Health hazards and safety guidelines are covered, including the limiting values for airborne exposure, carcinogenicity status, flammability, and various official hazard ratings. With this flexible and powerful electronic reference, the user can easily and quickly select a solvent that meets his or her criteria for a particular application. For example, the user can specify desired physical properties and required safety levels and get back a list of solvents that conform to all the requirements. Searches ranging from the very simple (one or two specifications) to the very complex (a large combination of requirements that must be met) are easily performed with this database. System requirements: IBM 486 or higher compatible computer with 40MB hard disk (12MB free capacity), 4MB RAM, VGA Monitor (color), MS DOS 3.3 or higher, WindowsTM 3.1 or higher or Windows 95, external or internal CD-ROM drive. (Will normally run to a lower performance standard on IBM 386 and/or less hard disk and RAM capacity than those stated above)

Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals

Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals
  • Author : Abolghasem Jouyban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-26
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 1439804885
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Summary : Aqueous solubility is one of the major challenges in the early stages of drug discovery. One of the most common and effective methods for enhancing solubility is the addition of an organic solvent to the aqueous solution. Along with an introduction to cosolvency models, the Handbook of Solubility Data for Pharmaceuticals provides an extensive database of solubility for pharmaceuticals in mono solvents and binary solvents. Aqueous solubility data can be found in the Handbook of Aqueous Solubility Data by Samuel Yalkowsky and Yan He. Visit www.crcpress.com for more information. In addition to the experimental efforts to measure the solubility of drugs in mono and mixed solvents, this book discusses the advantages and limitations of a number of mathematical models used to predict the solubility in mono or mixed solvent systems. It covers the pharmaceutical cosolvents and other organic solvents that are used in syntheses, separations, and other pharmaceutical processes. The solutes featured include the available data for official drugs, drug candidates, precursors of drugs, metabolites, and degradation products of pharmaceuticals. The author also presents the solubilities of amino acids since they play an important role in peptide drug properties. Collecting drug solubilities in various cosolvents, this time-saving handbook includes the mixtures and model constants needed to predict undetermined solubilities. It describes mathematical models that enable data to be derived and provides estimates on how drugs are likely to behave in a given cosolvent. A software program and associated user manual are available on the author’s website.

Handbook of Organic Solvents

Handbook of Organic Solvents
  • Author : David R. Lide
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-12-27
  • Total pages :584
  • ISBN : 0849389305
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Summary : This invaluable handbook presents important information on over 500 organic compounds that are used as solvents. Health hazards and safety guidelines are discussed, including the limiting values for airborne exposure, carcinogenicity status, and various official hazard ratings. This handy reference contains many useful data fields, such as:

Databook of Green Solvents

Databook of Green Solvents
  • Author : Anna Wypych,George Wypych
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-15
  • Total pages :594
  • ISBN : 9781927885444
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Summary : Databook of Green Solvents, Second Edition, includes data and information that is divided into five separate sections: General, Physical, Health, Environmental and Use. Readers interested in this subject should note that two other volumes on all essential areas of solvent usage have also been published. They include Handbook of Solvents. Volume One, Properties and Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment. Together, these books provide the most comprehensive information on the subject matter. The books are the authoritative sources of knowledge, with information updated from the most recent literature and developments occurring in the field of solvents. Contains more than 300 green solvents, from biodegradable and biorenewable, to siloxanes and perfluorocarbons Provides practical information for use in the lab and in the field, including recommended processing methods, recommended dosages and potential substitutes Provides critical health, safety and environmental data to help production chemists and engineers select the correct solvent Emphasis is placed on safer, more efficient replacements of more toxic solvents

Oxoacidity: Reactions of Oxo-compounds in Ionic Solvents

Oxoacidity: Reactions of Oxo-compounds in Ionic Solvents
  • Author : Victor L. Cherginets
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-15
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 0080455247
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Summary : The generally accepted definitions of acids and bases together with the generalized definition for the solvent system introduced by the author for the description of both molecular and ionic solvents are discussed. The oxobasicity index introduced as a measure of relative oxoacidic properties of ionic melts (pIL) and methods of its determination are presented. Moreover, the oxoacidity scales of ionic melts based on alkali metal halides at different temperatures are constructed. The sequential addition method (SAM), proposed by the author to investigate the effect of oxide particle size on oxide solubilities is presented. This book is meant for specialists developing theoretical and applied aspects of molten salt chemistry, acid-base theories and solubility phenomena. It will also be useful for those chemists who wish to extend their knowledge of physical and solution chemistry. First book devoted to oxoacids and oxobases Aimed at specialists developing theoretical and applied aspects of molten salt chemistry, acid-base theories and solubility phenomena The perfect handbook for beginners looking for preliminary knowledge about methods of investigation

CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters

CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters
  • Author : Allan F.M. Barton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-19
  • Total pages :768
  • ISBN : 9781351457194
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Summary : The CRC Handbook of Solubility Parameters and Other Cohesion Parameters, Second Edition, which includes 17 new sections and 40 new data tables, incorporates information from a vast amount of material published over the last ten years. The volume is based on a bibliography of 2,900 reports, including 1,200 new citations. The detailed, careful construction of the handbook develops the concept of solubility parameters from empirical, thermodynamic, and molecular points of view and demonstrates their application to liquid, gas, solid, and polymer systems.

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization

Handbook of Industrial Crystallization
  • Author : Allan Myerson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-01-08
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0080533515
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Summary : Crystallization is an important separation and purification process used in industries ranging from bulk commodity chemicals to specialty chemicals and pharmaceuticals. In recent years, a number of environmental applications have also come to rely on crystallization in waste treatment and recycling processes. The authors provide an introduction to the field of newcomers and a reference to those involved in the various aspects of industrial crystallization. It is a complete volume covering all aspects of industrial crystallization, including material related to both fundamentals and applications. This new edition presents detailed material on crystallization of biomolecules, precipitation, impurity-crystal interactions, solubility, and design. Provides an ideal introduction for industrial crystallization newcomers Serves as a worthwhile reference to anyone involved in the field Covers all aspects of industrial crystallization in a single, complete volume

Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry

Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry
  • Author : Christian Reichardt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :653
  • ISBN : 9783527605675
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Summary : In most cases, every chemist must deal with solvent effects, whether voluntarily or otherwise. Since its publication, this has been the standard reference on all topics related to solvents and solvent effects in organic chemistry. Christian Reichardt provides reliable information on the subject, allowing chemists to understand and effectively use these phenomena. 3rd updated and enlarged edition of a classic 35% more contents excellent, proven concept includes current developments, such as ionic liquids indispensable in research and industry From the reviews of the second edition: "...This is an immensely useful book, and the source that I would turn to first when seeking virtually any information about solvent effects." —Organometallics

Handbook of Electrochemistry

Handbook of Electrochemistry
  • Author : Cynthia G. Zoski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :892
  • ISBN : 9780444519580
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Summary : Electrochemistry plays a key role in a broad range of research and applied areas including the exploration of new inorganic and organic compounds, biochemical and biological systems, corrosion, energy applications involving fuel cells and solar cells, and nanoscale investigations. The Handbook of Electrochemistry serves as a source of electrochemical information, providing details of experimental considerations, representative calculations, and illustrations of the possibilities available in electrochemical experimentation. The book is divided into five parts: Fundamentals, Laboratory Practical, Techniques, Applications, and Data. The first section covers the fundamentals of electrochemistry which are essential for everyone working in the field, presenting an overview of electrochemical conventions, terminology, fundamental equations, and electrochemical cells, experiments, literature, textbooks, and specialized books. Part 2 focuses on the different laboratory aspects of electrochemistry which is followed by a review of the various electrochemical techniques ranging from classical experiments to scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry. Applications of electrochemistry include electrode kinetic determinations, unique aspects of metal deposition, and electrochemistry in small places and at novel interfaces and these are detailed in Part 4. The remaining three chapters provide useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials. * serves as a source of electrochemical information * includes useful electrochemical data and information involving electrode potentials, diffusion coefficients, and methods used in measuring liquid junction potentials * reviews electrochemical techniques (incl. scanning electrochemical microscopy, electrogenerated chemiluminesence and spectroelectrochemistry)

Hansen Solubility Parameters

Hansen Solubility Parameters
  • Author : Charles M. Hansen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-15
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 1420006835
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Summary : Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials. To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe “designer” solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications. Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties

Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties
  • Author : Ian Smallwood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9780080523781
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Summary : The properties of 72 of the most commonly used solvents are given, tabulated in the most convenient way, making this book a joy for industrial chemists to use as a desk reference. The properties covered are those which answer the basic questions of: Will it do the job? Will it harm the user? Will it pollute the air? Is it easy to handle? Will it pollute the water? Can it be recovered or incinerated? These are all factors that need to be considered at the early stages of choosing a solvent for a new product or process. A collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazardsA collection of the physical properties of most commonly used solvents, their behaviour in the environment and their health and fire hazards

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry
  • Author : Michael C. Pirrung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-30
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9780128095041
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Summary : Handbook of Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Second Edition updates and expands the author’s popular 2007 work, Synthetic Organic Chemist’s Companion. This new handbook provides valuable, practical guidance; incorporates corrections, and includes coverage on important topics, such as lyophylization, crystallization, precipitation, HPLC detectors, gases, and microwave reactions. The book maintains the useful organization of the author’s earlier work, beginning with a basic overview and walking through every practical step of the process of organic synthesis, from reagents, solvents, and temperature control, to documentation, implementation, purification, and analytical methods for the product. From planning and setting up reactions, to recording them, the book provides insight and valuable guidance into every step of the process. Practical guidance for planning, working up, documenting, analyzing, and improving reactions in synthetic organic chemistry

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology

Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology
  • Author : K. Byrappa,Masahiro Yoshimura
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781437778366
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Summary : Quartz, zeolites, gemstones, perovskite type oxides, ferrite, carbon allotropes, complex coordinated compounds and many more -- all products now being produced using hydrothermal technology. Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology brings together the latest techniques in this rapidly advancing field in one exceptionally useful, long-needed volume. The handbook provides a single source for understanding how aqueous solvents or mineralizers work under temperature and pressure to dissolve and recrystallize normally insoluble materials, and decompose or recycle any waste material. The result, as the authors show in the book, is technologically the most efficient method in crystal growth, materials processing, and waste treatment. The book gives scientists and technologists an overview of the entire subject including: À Evolution of the technology from geology to widespread industrial use. À Descriptions of equipment used in the process and how it works. À Problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, environmental and safety issues. À Analysis of the direction of today's technology. In addition, readers get a close look at the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites, fluorides, sulfides, tungstates, and molybdates, as well as native elements and simple oxides. Delving into the commercial production of various types, the authors clarify the effects of temperature, pressure, solvents, and various other chemical components on the hydrothermal processes. Gives an overview of the evolution of Hydrothermal Technology from geology to widespread industrial use Describes the equipment used in the process and how it works Discusses problems involved with the growth of crystals, processing of technological materials, and environmental and safety issues

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics
  • Author : William M. Haynes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-22
  • Total pages :2652
  • ISBN : 9781498754293
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Summary : Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 97th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science. This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science. The 97th edition of the Handbook includes 20 new or updated tables along with other updates and expansions. It is now also available as an eBook. This reference puts physical property data and mathematical formulas used in labs and classrooms every day within easy reach.

CRC Handbook of Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium Data of Polymer Solutions

CRC Handbook of Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium Data of Polymer Solutions
  • Author : Christian Wohlfarth
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-19
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 1420067990
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Summary : Thermodynamic data form the basis for separation processes used in different fields of science and industry, from specialty chemicals to foods and pharmaceuticals. One obstacle to developing new production processes, products, or optimization is the lack, or inaccessibility, of experimental data related to phase equilibrium. Access More Than 1200 Data Sets, Including 810 Binary Systems, 325 Ternary Systems, and 25 Quaternary (or Higher) Systems The CRC Handbook of Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium Data of Polymer Solutions provides a thorough and up-to-date compilation of experimental liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data and their original sources. Arranged in a consistent format, the handbook provides convenient access to cloud-point and coexistence data as well as upper and lower critical solution temperatures and important demixing data for each system. An Excellent Companion to the Author’s Previous Collections of Thermodynamic Data! While the author’s previous data compilations center around specific types of polymer systems, Wohlfharth’slatest work distinguishes itself by focusing instead on representing LLE data for all types of polymer systems in a single source.