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Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Hanna Dodiuk,Sydney H Goodman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9781455731091
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Summary : Thermosetting plastics are a distinct category of plastics whose high performance, durability and reliability at high temperatures makes them suitable for specialty applications ranging from automotive and aerospace through to electronic packaging and consumer products (your melamine kitchen worktop is a thermoset resin!). Recent developments in thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over recent years, and these developments continue: in November 2011, French scientists created a new lightweight thermoset that is as strong and stable as previous materials yet can be easily reworked and reshaped when heated which makes it unique amongst thermosets and allows for repair and recycling. The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics, now in its 3rd edition, provides a comprehensive survey of the chemical processes, manufacturing techniques and design properties of each polymer, along with their applications. Written by a team of highly experienced practitioners, the practical implications of using thermoset plastics are presented – both their strengths and weaknesses. The data and descriptions presented here enable engineers, scientists and technicians to form judgments and take action on the basis of informed analysis. The aim of the book is to help the reader to make the right decision and take the correct action – avoiding the pitfalls the authors’ experience has uncovered. The new edition has been updated throughout to reflect current practice in manufacturing and processing, featuring: Case Studies to demonstrate how particular properties make different polymers suitable for different applications, as well as covering end-use and safety considerations. A new chapter on using nanoparticles to enhance thermal and mechanical properties. A new chapter describing new materials based on renewable resources (such as soy-based thermoset plastics). A new chapter covering recent developments and potential future technologies such as new catalysts for Controlled Radical Polymerization. Goodman and Dodiuk-Kenig provide a comprehensive reference guide to the chemistry, manufacturing and applications of thermosets. Updated to include recent developments in manufacturing – from biopolymers to nanocomposites. Case Studies illustrate applications of key thermoset plastics.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Sidney H. Goodman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011179572
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Summary :

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Hanna Dodiuk,Sidney H. Goodman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090602
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Summary : This chapter presents common concepts applicable to the entire field of thermosetting plastics. Included are basic definitions and terminology, chemical reaction mechanisms, and selected analysis techniques.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : S.H. Goodman (ed)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:985811728
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Summary :

Handbook of Plastics Joining

Handbook of Plastics Joining
  • Author : Michael J. Troughton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-17
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0815519761
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Summary : The new edition of this bestselling reference provides fully updated and detailed descriptions of plastics joining processes, plus an extensive compilation of data on joining specific materials. The volume is divided into two main parts: processes and materials. The processing section has 18 chapters, each explaining a different joining technique. The materials section has joining information for 25 generic polymer families. Both sections contain data organized according to the joining methods used for that material. * A significant and extensive update from experts at The Welding Institute * A systematic approach to discussing each joining method including: process, advantages and disadvantages, applications, materials, equipment, joint design, and welding parameters * Includes international suppliers’ directory and glossary of key joining terms * Includes new techniques such as flash free welding and friction stir welding * Covers thermoplastics, thermosets, elastomers, and rubbers.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Ana Dotan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090749
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Summary : Thermosets from renewable sources have been a research focus for the last few decades. Bio-based thermoset resins are considered important candidates for sustainable development since they present the potential to reduce both CO2 footprints and the dependence on petroleum. In order to reduce the ecological impact of a polymer without compromising mechanical and thermal behavior, in some cases, partially bio-based raw materials are accepted. High bio-content resins based on low-toxicity raw materials are the goal for future bio-based thermoset polymers. Free formaldehyde bio-based phenol resins and free bisphenol A–epoxy resins are some examples of this green chemistry concept. The importance of the conversion of biomass into sustainable bio-based polymers is discussed. Chemical pathways developed to make monomers for thermoset polymers from vegetable oils, sugar, and bio-based polyphenols (lignin, tannin, cardanol) will be reviewed.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Bibin John,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090725
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Summary : Syntactic foams are particulate polymer matrix composite materials consisting of hollow microspheres dispersed in a matrix. The matrix used in syntactic foams can be polymer, metal, or ceramic. Polymer matrices, particularly the thermosetting polymers, have been the most widely accepted matrices in syntactic foams. From the processing and application point of view, thermosetting syntactic foams have many advantages compared to thermoplastic ones. This chapter deals with syntactic foams based on various thermosetting resins and the chemistry of the resin systems. The resin systems are mainly phenolic, epoxy, cyanate ester, siloxane, polybenzoxazine, bismaleimide, and their blends. Apart from a brief chemistry of the parent resin systems, their syntactic foams have been described in detail. The aspects discussed are their processing, physical, thermal, and mechanical properties, applications, and degradation. Their properties can be engineered by a choice of matrix, microcell structure and its concentration, reinforcement, toughners, etc. While the thermal and thermo-physical characteristics are dictated by resin, mechanical and fracture characteristics are decided by both components. While epoxy, cyanate ester, and other such compounds provide structural syntactic foams, phenolics and their new generation versions provide thermo-structural materials. Syntactic foam ablators have made possible interplanetary space missions. Novel engineering concepts like lightweight self-healing give scope for extended applications of these systems. The recent advances in these areas are also discussed. These special materials with high specific strength are slated to replace conventional structural and thermo-structural materials in related engineering applications ranging from domestic to aerospace and defense.

Handbook Of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook Of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Editor - Sidney H. Goodman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-01
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 8179924769
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Summary : The Handbook of Thermoset Plastics is specifically aimed to help engineers, chemists, physicists, and students who need general, as well as technical, details concerning everything from historical data and terminology to highly specific curing and staging data. It is written so that both non-specialists and specialists can follow along easily, while making available in-depth data for those who wish to expand their knowledge into new areas of expertise.Once occupying a lesser, yet significant, role in the plastics industry, thermoset plastics technology has increasingly become important to designers and users who work in specialty applications. Everything from toys to medical devices, and from automotive to sports and recreation products, are being manufactured using thermoset plastics. An increased understanding of thermoset plastics technology and processes has broadened their use exponentially over the last few years. In fact, the importance and contributions of unsaturated polyesters, urethanes, and epoxy thermosets have driven unprecedented sales and production figures that approach the definition of commodity materials.As a survey of the technology, the handbook provides the reader with the practical implications of crosslinking, as well as establishing relationships between time, temperature, and mass, often ignored in the general overviews allotted to thermoset plastics in other handbooks. Handbook of Thermoset Plastics offers the most complete collection of general and technical details available for this important subject.entering.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Olga Shepelev,Sam Kenig,Hanna Dodiuk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090756
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Summary : With recent developments in nanotechnology, thermoset nanocomposites offer numerous advantages compared to conventional composite materials. Moreover, with the emergence of commercial nanomaterials like nanoclays (NCs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nanosilica (NS), Polyhedral-Oligomeric-Sil-Sesquioxanes (POSS), tungsten-disulfide (WS2) fullerenes and tubes, and Graphene (Gr), new potential routes have been opened to tailor thermosetting polymers in the nanoscale range. Due to the large surface area of the nanosize particles, only small amounts are needed to cause significant changes in the mechanical, physical, and thermal properties of polymer nanocomposites. When the surface areas of the nanoparticles are modified, additional dimensions for the formulation of structural adhesives and composite matrices arise, and can be used for a variety of applications. The formulation sequence and conditions are found to determine the structure and properties of the resulting nanocomposites. This chapter reviews and analyzes the various thermoset nanocomposites containing: NCs, CNTs, NS, POSS, WS2, and Gr.

Handbook of Plastic Foams

Handbook of Plastic Foams
  • Author : Arthur H. Landrock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-12-31
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 9780815517658
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Summary : This book is intended to be a source of practical information on all types of plastic foams (cellular plastics) in use, including the new structural plastic foams. Elastomer (rubber-like) foams are also considered. The book is intended primarily for those who require a non-theoretical, authoritative, easy-to-use handbook in the subject area. It should be of value to materials engineers, plastics fabricators, chemists, chemical engineers and students. Recognized authorities have written several chapters and parts of chapters in their fields of expertise. The book is organized in such a way that information on a desired subject can be found rapidly. An unusual feature is a comprehensive listing of all known standardization documents (test methods, practices, and specifications), including some international standards. Each document includes a brief description of its contents.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : A. Pizzi,C.C. Ibeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090619
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Summary : The chapter describes phenol-formaldehyde resins, their basic chemistry and technology, and the technology and areas of their applications.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Rodney Patterson,Andreas Kandelbauer,Uwe Müller,Herfried Lammer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090763
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Summary : Cross-linked thermoplastics represent an important class of materials for numerous applications such as heat-shrinkable tubing, rotational molded parts, and polyolefin foams. By cross-linking olefins, their mechanical performance can be significantly enhanced. This chapter covers the three main methods for the cross-linking of thermoplastics: radiation cross-linking, chemical cross-linking with organic peroxides, and cross-linking using silane-grafting agents. It also considers the major effects of the cross-linking procedure on the performance of the thermoplastic materials discussed.

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers

Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers
  • Author : Jiri George Drobny
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-30
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780323221689
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Summary : Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomers, Second Edition presents a comprehensive working knowledge of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs), providing an essential introduction for those learning the basics, but also detailed engineering data and best practice guidance for those already involved in polymerization, processing, and part manufacture. TPEs use short, cost-effective production cycles, with reduced energy consumption compared to other polymers, and are used in a range of industries including automotive, medical, construction and many more. This handbook provides all the practical information engineers need to successfully utilize this material group in their products, as well as the required knowledge to thoroughly ground themselves in the fundamental chemistry of TPEs. The data tables included in this book assist engineers and scientists in both selecting and processing the materials for a given product or application. In the second edition of this handbook, all chapters have been reviewed and updated. New polymers and applications have been added — particularly in the growing automotive and medical fields — and changes in chemistry and processing technology are covered. Provides essential knowledge of the chemistry, processing, properties, and applications for both new and established technical professionals in any industry utilizing TPEs Datasheets provide "at-a-glance" processing and technical information for a wide range of commercial TPEs and compounds, saving readers the need to contact suppliers Includes data on additional materials and applications, particularly in automotive and medical industries

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Kreisler S.Y. Lau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090695
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Summary : An historical perspective is presented of the commercialization of key aromatic polyimides and related polymers since the mid-20th Century. This precedes a focused discussion of technical advancements in the research, development, and engineering applications of these polymers and modifications during the ensuing decades. Improvements on processibility to facilitate specific applications and fabrication methodologies in the aerospace, automotive, and semiconductor industries has resulted in the successful commercialization of many useful high-temperature resistant thermosetting aromatic polyimides and other aromatic polymers.

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
  • Author : Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :994
  • ISBN : 9781466577237
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Summary : This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : M. Satheesh Chandran,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090718
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Summary : High-performance polymer matrix composites, particularly those for aerospace applications, are designed to withstand high thermal and aerodynamic stresses. This calls for matrix resins with superior thermal and thermo-mechanical properties. Among the diverse thermoset resins, bismaleimide resins stand out as a class of high-performance, addition-curable polyimide resins with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-mechanical properties. However, their inherent limitations (including brittleness and poor processability) are impediments for their wide acceptability, thus necessitating their structural modification, co-reaction, or blending with suitable compounds to obviate these shortcomings. The widely accepted strategy for structural modification of BMI for conferring low temperature cure characteristics and enhanced toughness is to react it with allyl functional compounds. The allyl compounds react with maleimide groups via the Alder-ene reaction. This chapter deals with recent advances in this domain. It critically compiles the recent literature on the development of Alder-ene-type BMI polymers based on the reaction of various maleimides with allylated compounds. The various systems, their synthesis strategies, curing, and related properties are discussed. Intersystem comparisons have also been made. Where relevant, the chapter also discusses the cure characteristics of Alder-ene polymerization and further modifications of these resins with high-performance thermosets and thermoplastics. Recent studies on nano-modification of the Alder-ene polymer network have also been reviewed. It is concluded that this area is fast developing, and is an active area of research with the potential for producing advanced engineering plastics for applications ranging from adhesives to high-temperature and high-performance structural composites in the civil, defense, and aerospace industries.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Witold Brostow,Sidney H. Goodman,Joshua Wahrmund
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090671
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Summary : Epoxies are an indispensable class of polymers for modern industry. These materials are so ubiquitous, in fact, that scientists and engineers from a very wide range of disciplines are likely to encounter them in quite disparate settings. In recognition of this, the present chapter is organized to suit a variety of backgrounds: chemists, physicists, materials scientists, engineers, and the like. The essential elements of epoxy chemistry are presented first, followed by a host of physical properties, and then applications. In fitting with this aim, we also provide the reader with a review of the measurement techniques relevant to characterizing these materials.

Handbook of Materials Selection

Handbook of Materials Selection
  • Author : Myer Kutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-07-22
  • Total pages :1520
  • ISBN : 0471359246
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Summary : An innovative resource for materials properties, their evaluation, and industrial applications The Handbook of Materials Selection provides information and insight that can be employed in any discipline or industry to exploit the full range of materials in use today-metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites. This comprehensive organization of the materials selection process includes analytical approaches to materials selection and extensive information about materials available in the marketplace, sources of properties data, procurement and data management, properties testing procedures and equipment, analysis of failure modes, manufacturing processes and assembly techniques, and applications. Throughout the handbook, an international roster of contributors with a broad range of experience conveys practical knowledge about materials and illustrates in detail how they are used in a wide variety of industries. With more than 100 photographs of equipment and applications, as well as hundreds of graphs, charts, and tables, the Handbook of Materials Selection is a valuable reference for practicing engineers and designers, procurement and data managers, as well as teachers and students.

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition

Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition
  • Author : Manas Chanda,Salil K. Roy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-19
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 9781420006360
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Summary : Because the field of plastics is one of the fastest changing areas today, the need arises to offer relevant, comprehensive material on polymers. An established source of information on modern plastics, the Plastics Technology Handbook continues to provide up-to-date coverage on the properties, processing methods, and applications of polymers. Retaining the easy-to-follow structure of the previous editions, this fourth edition includes new topics of interest that reflect recent developments and lead to better insights into the molecular behavior of polymers. New to the Fourth Edition Advances in supramolecular polymerization, flame retardancy, polymer-based nanomedicines, and drug delivery The new concept of oxo-biodegradable polymers Broadened discussion on plastic foams and foam extrusion processes More information on the processing and applications of industrial polymers, including the emerging field of nanoblends Developments in polymer synthesis and applications, such as polymeric sensors, hydrogels and smart polymers, hyperbranched polymers, shape memory polymers, polymeric optical fibers, scavenger resins, polymer nanocomposites, polymerization-filled composites, and wood-polymer composites A state-of-the-art account of the various available methods for plastics recycling Advances in the use of polymers in packaging, construction, the automotive and aerospace industries, agriculture, electronics and electrical technology, biomedical applications, corrosion prevention, and sports and marine applications Plastics Technology Handbook, Fourth Edition thoroughly covers traditional industrial polymers and their processing methods as well as contemporary polymeric materials, recent trends, and the latest applications.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : K.S. Santhosh Kumar,C.P. Reghunadhan Nair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090626
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Summary : Polybenzoxazines (PBz) belong to the family of new generation phenolic resins. They have emerged as addition-curable polymers. This feature obviates many of the shortcomings associated with conventional phenolic resins. They are endowed with excellent thermal, physical, and thermo-physical properties, and surpass the features of many conventional and state-of-the-art polymers. These unique materials offer extraordinary characteristics: near zero shrinkage, no release of volatiles during cure, high Tg, low flammability, and high UV and chemical stabilities. Given the breadth of molecular design flexibility, a wide variety of polybenzoxazines can be developed. PBz equipped with additional curing groups can generally enhance the overall thermal and mechanical properties. Blends with epoxy resins, cyanate esters, and bismaleimides offer other opportunities for fine-tuning properties. This chapter gives an account of the developments of PBz materials from their inception to the current level of application in engineering areas.

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics

Handbook of Thermoset Plastics
  • Author : Andreas Kandelbauer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-28
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 9780128090770
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Summary : Process analysis and process control has attracted increasing interest in recent years. The development and application of process analytical methods is a prerequisite for the knowledge-based manufacturing of industrial goods, and allows for the production of high-value products of defined, constantly good quality. Discussed in this chapter are the measurement principle and some relevant aspects and illustrative examples of online monitoring tools as the basis for process control in the manufacturing and processing of thermosetting resins. Optical spectroscopy is featured as one of the main process analytical methods applicable to, among other applications, online monitoring of resin synthesis. In combination with chemometric methods for multivariate data analysis, powerful process models can be generated within the framework of feed-back and feed-forward control concepts. Other analytical methods covered in this chapter are those frequently used to control further processing of thermosets to the final parts, including: dielectric analysis, ultrasonics, fiberoptics, and fiber Bragg grating sensors.