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Clinical Data as the Basic Staple of Health Learning

Clinical Data as the Basic Staple of Health Learning
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-14
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780309120609
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Summary : Successful development of clinical data as an engine for knowledge generation has the potential to transform health and health care in America. As part of its Learning Health System Series, the Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted a workshop to discuss expanding the access to and use of clinical data as a foundation for care improvement.

Writing Intimacy into Feminist Geography

Writing Intimacy into Feminist Geography
  • Author : Pamela Moss,Courtney Donovan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-24
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9781134787241
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Summary : Intimacy, expressed through the feelings and sensations of the researcher, is bound up in the work of a feminist geographer. Tapping into this intimacy and including it in academic writing facilitates a grasping of the effects of power in particular places and initiates a discussion about how to access and tease out what constitutes the intimate both ethically and politically throughout the research process. This collection provides valuable reflections about intimacy in the research process - from encounters in the field, through data analysis, to the various pieces of written work. A global and heterogeneous pool of scholars and researchers introduce personal ways of writing intimacy into feminist geography. ​ As authors expand existing conceptualizations of intimacy and include their own stories, chapters explore the methodological challenges of using intimacy in research as an approach, a topic and a site of interaction. The book is valuable reading for students and researchers of Geography, as well as anyone interested in the ethics and practicalities of feminist, critical and emotional research methodologies.

Patients Charting the Course

Patients Charting the Course
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-21
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780309149938
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Summary : As past, current, or future patients, the public should be the health care system's unwavering focus and serve as change agents in its care. Taking this into account, the quality of health care should be judged not only by whether clinical decisions are informed by the best available scientific evidence, but also by whether care is tailored to a patient's individual needs and perspectives. However, too often it is provider preference and convenience, rather than those of the patient, that drive what care is delivered. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted a workshop to assess the prospects for improving health and lowering costs by advancing patient involvement in the elements of a learning health system.

Health Technology Literacy

Health Technology Literacy
  • Author : Maryalice Jordan-Marsh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-03
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9780763758486
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Summary : Health Technology Literacy: A Transdisciplinary Framework for Consumer-Oriented Practice examines the wide range of resources used by health consumers to inform, support decision-making, self-monitor, build supportive social networks online or via cell phone, and engage in treatment using interactive programs online or on CD or related media. Using evidence-based practice and relevant theories, this unique text analyzes the trend for health care systems to be reactive, while consumers are proactive for health technology.

Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care

Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care
  • Author : Gregory J. Privitera,James J. Gillespie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781498550987
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Summary : In Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care: Driving Value in Clinical Settings and Psychological Practice, James J. Gillespie and Gregory J. Privitera introduce a framework that explores the utility of analytics for managing care that is based on six key inputs of the health care system: patients, policy makers, providers, pharmacies, pharmaceuticals, and payers. Understanding the roles of these 6 P’s and the utility of analytics to promote data-driven decision models can lead to new innovations. These improvements can enhance quality, increase access, and reduce costs, and thereby drive value for the most important stakeholders in health care: the patients. As the accessibility and volume of data continues to increase, there is a growing desire to utilize data to guide and optimize decision-making in health care environments. There is a wealth of data in health care organizations and much of it is not fully utilized. In today’s climate, these organizations are under increased regulatory and financial pressures to deliver measurable value, particularly as it relates to the quality of patient care in clinical and diagnostic settings. This book includes short contributions from practitioners, including Laurie Branch, Puneet Chahal, Patrick C. Cunningham, Star* Cunningham, Matthew Dreckmeier, Joseph P. Gaspero, Sherri Matis-Mitchell, Gail Mayeaux, Edwin K. Morris, Plamen Petrov, Steven Press, Andrew J. Privitera, Derek Walton, and Daniel Yunker.

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • Author : INDRAJIT CHATTERJEE
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-22
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9788120340237
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Summary : This introductory book on Management Information Systems (MIS) is designed to serve as a text for the students of management (BBA and MBA) and computer applications (BCA and MCA). Today, many management information systems are in widespread use by the managers at operational, middle and senior levels. This book will be equally useful to working executives and professionals who wish to grasp the essentials of management information systems. This book discusses all the major areas in information systems with contemporary issues and their effects on business and organization. The main focus is on practical orientation and application of information systems and the emphasis is on real business scenarios. Each chapter provides spotlights on organization, technology or management related to the topics discussed. The book provides a broad treatment of the core topics of MIS, namely databases, data communication, e-commerce, supply chain management, customer relationship management, decision support systems, knowledge management, and also the ethical and social issues involved in information systems. It also discusses the development methodologies of system analysis and design which enable the actual information systems to be built to meet the needs of an organization. Case studies based on management of business information provide the students with insight into the actual processes involved.

Redefining Health Care

Redefining Health Care
  • Author : Michael E. Porter,Elizabeth Olmsted Teisberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-24
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781422133361
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Summary : The U.S. health care system is in crisis. At stake are the quality of care for millions of Americans and the financial well-being of individuals and employers squeezed by skyrocketing premiums—not to mention the stability of state and federal government budgets. In Redefining Health Care, internationally renowned strategy expert Michael Porter and innovation expert Elizabeth Teisberg reveal the underlying—and largely overlooked—causes of the problem, and provide a powerful prescription for change. The authors argue that competition currently takes place at the wrong level—among health plans, networks, and hospitals—rather than where it matters most, in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of specific health conditions. Participants in the system accumulate bargaining power and shift costs in a zero-sum competition, rather than creating value for patients. Based on an exhaustive study of the U.S. health care system, Redefining Health Care lays out a breakthrough framework for redefining the way competition in health care delivery takes place—and unleashing stunning improvements in quality and efficiency. With specific recommendations for hospitals, doctors, health plans, employers, and policy makers, this book shows how to move health care toward positive-sum competition that delivers lasting benefits for all.

Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care

Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care
  • Author : Committee on Improving the Quality of Cancer Care: Addressing the Challenges of an Aging Population,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-10
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 0309286603
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Summary : In the United States, approximately 14 million people have had cancer and more than 1.6 million new cases are diagnosed each year. However, more than a decade after the Institute of Medicine (IOM) first studied the quality of cancer care, the barriers to achieving excellent care for all cancer patients remain daunting. Care often is not patient-centered, many patients do not receive palliative care to manage their symptoms and side effects from treatment, and decisions about care often are not based on the latest scientific evidence. The cost of cancer care also is rising faster than many sectors of medicine--having increased to $125 billion in 2010 from $72 billion in 2004--and is projected to reach $173 billion by 2020. Rising costs are making cancer care less affordable for patients and their families and are creating disparities in patients' access to high-quality cancer care. There also are growing shortages of health professionals skilled in providing cancer care, and the number of adults age 65 and older--the group most susceptible to cancer--is expected to double by 2030, contributing to a 45 percent increase in the number of people developing cancer. The current care delivery system is poorly prepared to address the care needs of this population, which are complex due to altered physiology, functional and cognitive impairment, multiple coexisting diseases, increased side effects from treatment, and greater need for social support. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis presents a conceptual framework for improving the quality of cancer care. This study proposes improvements to six interconnected components of care: (1) engaged patients; (2) an adequately staffed, trained, and coordinated workforce; (3) evidence-based care; (4) learning health care information technology (IT); (5) translation of evidence into clinical practice, quality measurement and performance improvement; and (6) accessible and affordable care. This report recommends changes across the board in these areas to improve the quality of care. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis provides information for cancer care teams, patients and their families, researchers, quality metrics developers, and payers, as well as HHS, other federal agencies, and industry to reevaluate their current roles and responsibilities in cancer care and work together to develop a higher quality care delivery system. By working toward this shared goal, the cancer care community can improve the quality of life and outcomes for people facing a cancer diagnosis.

Stepped Care 2.0: A Paradigm Shift in Mental Health

Stepped Care 2.0: A Paradigm Shift in Mental Health
  • Author : Peter Cornish
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-13
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : 9783030480554
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Summary : This book is a primer on Stepped Care 2.0. It is the first book in a series of three. This primer addresses the increased demand for mental health care by supporting stakeholders (help-seekers, providers, and policy-makers) to collaborate in enhancing care outcomes through work that is both more meaningful and sustainable. Our current mental health system is organized to offer highly intensive psychiatric and psychological care. While undoubtedly effective, demand far exceeds the supply for such specialized programming. Many people seeking to improve their mental health do not need psychiatric medication or sophisticated psychotherapy. A typical help seeker needs basic support. For knee pain, a nurse or physician might first recommend icing and resting the knee, working to achieve a healthy weight, and introducing low impact exercise before considering specialist care. Unfortunately, there is no parallel continuum of care for mental health and wellness. As a result, a person seeking the most basic support must line up and wait for the specialist along with those who may have very severe and/or complex needs. Why are there no lower intensity options? One reason is fear and stigma. A thorough assessment by a specialist is considered best practice. After all, what if we miss signs of suicide or potential harm to others? A reasonable question on the surface; however, the premise is flawed. First, the risk of suicide, or threat to others, for those already seeking care, is low. Second, our technical capacity to predict on these threats is virtually nil. Finally, assessment in our current culture of fear tends to focus more on the identification of deficits (as opposed to functional capacities), leading to over-prescription of expensive remedies and lost opportunities for autonomy and self-management. Despite little evidence linking assessment to treatment outcomes, and no evidence supporting our capacity to detect risk for harm, we persist with lengthy intake assessments and automatic specialist referrals that delay care. Before providers and policy makers can feel comfortable letting go of risk assessment, however, they need to understand the forces underlying the risk paradigm that dominates our society and restricts creative solutions for supporting those in need.

Building a Better Delivery System

Building a Better Delivery System
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,National Academy of Engineering
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-10-20
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780309096430
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Summary : In a joint effort between the National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine, this books attempts to bridge the knowledge/awareness divide separating health care professionals from their potential partners in systems engineering and related disciplines. The goal of this partnership is to transform the U.S. health care sector from an underperforming conglomerate of independent entities (individual practitioners, small group practices, clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, community health centers et. al.) into a high performance "system" in which every participating unit recognizes its dependence and influence on every other unit. By providing both a framework and action plan for a systems approach to health care delivery based on a partnership between engineers and health care professionals, Building a Better Delivery System describes opportunities and challenges to harness the power of systems-engineering tools, information technologies and complementary knowledge in social sciences, cognitive sciences and business/management to advance the U.S. health care system.

Improving Diagnosis in Health Care

Improving Diagnosis in Health Care
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-29
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9780309377690
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Summary : Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a patient's health problem. According to Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, diagnostic errors-inaccurate or delayed diagnoses-persist throughout all settings of care and continue to harm an unacceptable number of patients. It is likely that most people will experience at least one diagnostic error in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences. Diagnostic errors may cause harm to patients by preventing or delaying appropriate treatment, providing unnecessary or harmful treatment, or resulting in psychological or financial repercussions. The committee concluded that improving the diagnostic process is not only possible, but also represents a moral, professional, and public health imperative. Improving Diagnosis in Health Care a continuation of the landmark Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human (2000) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) finds that diagnosis-and, in particular, the occurrence of diagnostic errorsâ€"has been largely unappreciated in efforts to improve the quality and safety of health care. Without a dedicated focus on improving diagnosis, diagnostic errors will likely worsen as the delivery of health care and the diagnostic process continue to increase in complexity. Just as the diagnostic process is a collaborative activity, improving diagnosis will require collaboration and a widespread commitment to change among health care professionals, health care organizations, patients and their families, researchers, and policy makers. The recommendations of Improving Diagnosis in Health Care contribute to the growing momentum for change in this crucial area of health care quality and safety.

Consumer-centered Computer-supported Care for Healthy People

Consumer-centered Computer-supported Care for Healthy People
  • Author : Hyeoun-Ae Park,Peter Murray,Connie White Delaney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :1072
  • ISBN : 9781586036225
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Summary : Intended for nurses and informatics experts working with informatics applications in nursing care, administration, research and education. This book's theme - 'Consumer-Centered Computer-Supported Care for Healthy People' - emphasizes the central role of the consumer and the function of information technology in health care.

Paradigm Freeze

Paradigm Freeze
  • Author : Harvey Lazar,Pierre-Gerlier Forest,John N. Lavis,John Church
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-24
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781553393382
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Summary : Why has health care reform proved a stumbling block for provincial governments across Canada? What efforts have been made to improve a struggling system, and how have they succeeded or failed? In Paradigm Freeze, experts in the field answer these fundamental questions by examining and comparing six essential policy issues - regionalization, needs-based funding, alternative payment plans, privatization, waiting lists, and prescription drug coverage - in five provinces. Noting hundreds of recommendations from dozens of reports commissioned by provincial governments over the last quarter century - the great majority to little or no avail - the book focuses on careful diagnosis, rather than unplanned treatment, of the problem. Paradigm Freeze is based on thirty case studies of policy reform in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador. The contributors assess the nature and extent of healthcare reform in Canada since the beginning of the 1990s. They account for the generally limited extent of reform that has occurred, and identify the factors associated with the relatively few cases of large reform. An insightful new perspective on a problem that has plagued Canadian governments for decades, Paradigm Freeze is an important addition to the field of health policy. Contributors include John Church (University of Alberta), Michael Ducie (Alberta Health and Wellness), Pierre-Gerlier Forest (Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation), Stephen Tomblin (Memorial University), Jeff Braun Jackson (Ontario Professional Firefighters Association, Burlington, ON), Marie-Pascale Pomey (Université de Montréal), John N. Lavis (McMaster University), Harvey Lazar (Queen's University), Elisabeth Martin (Université Laval),Tom McIntosh (University of Regina), Dianna Pasic (McMaster University), Neale Smith (University of British Columbia), and Michael G. Wilson (McMaster University).

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes

Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes
  • Author : Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality/AHRQ
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-01
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9781587634338
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Summary : This User’s Guide is intended to support the design, implementation, analysis, interpretation, and quality evaluation of registries created to increase understanding of patient outcomes. For the purposes of this guide, a patient registry is an organized system that uses observational study methods to collect uniform data (clinical and other) to evaluate specified outcomes for a population defined by a particular disease, condition, or exposure, and that serves one or more predetermined scientific, clinical, or policy purposes. A registry database is a file (or files) derived from the registry. Although registries can serve many purposes, this guide focuses on registries created for one or more of the following purposes: to describe the natural history of disease, to determine clinical effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of health care products and services, to measure or monitor safety and harm, and/or to measure quality of care. Registries are classified according to how their populations are defined. For example, product registries include patients who have been exposed to biopharmaceutical products or medical devices. Health services registries consist of patients who have had a common procedure, clinical encounter, or hospitalization. Disease or condition registries are defined by patients having the same diagnosis, such as cystic fibrosis or heart failure. The User’s Guide was created by researchers affiliated with AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, particularly those who participated in AHRQ’s DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions About Effectiveness) program. Chapters were subject to multiple internal and external independent reviews.

The Software Encyclopedia

The Software Encyclopedia
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105129050121
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Summary :

Animal-centric Care and Management

Animal-centric Care and Management
  • Author : Dorte Bratbo Sørensen,Sylvie Cloutier,Brianna N. Gaskill
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-14
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9780429602054
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Summary : The concept of the 3Rs (Refinement, Reduction and Replacement) has been used as a framework for improving the welfare of laboratory animals for the last half century. By establishing an animal-centric view on housing and management, Animal-centric Care and Management: Enhancing Refinement in Biomedical Research takes Russell and Burch’s definition of Refinement as "elimination of inhumanities" and goes further. Rather than fitting animals into experimental conditions, it encourages readers to adjust conditions to better meet the behavioral, emotional, physical, and physiological needs and preferences of the animals. The team of expert authors, from the fields of laboratory animal science, ethology, biology as well as animal training, provide ideas for creating housing conditions and handling procedures that induce, to the best of current abilities and knowledge, a long-term positive state of mind in the animals under our care. This book is written for animal caretakers, animal health technicians, researchers, animal facility managers, laboratory animal veterinarians, and anyone who engages in work with living experimental animals or is interested in the continuous improvement of laboratory animal welfare. This interdisciplinary guide will act as a catalyst, resulting in multiple viewpoints and fields collaborating to optimize laboratory animal welfare.

From Innovation to Implementation

From Innovation to Implementation
  • Author : Who Regional Office for Europe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :111
  • ISBN : 9789289051378
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Summary : "The principal authors were Carrie Beth Peterson (Consultant in eHealth and Innovation, WHO Regional Office for Europe), Clayton Hamilton (Editor-in-chief and Unit Leader, eHealth and Innovation in the Division of Information, Evidence, Research and Innovation, WHO Regional Office for Europe) and Per Hasvold (WHO Collaborating Centre for eHealth and Telemedicine at the Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, Troms, Norway)."--Page viii.

Dissertation Abstracts International

Dissertation Abstracts International
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105213180842
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Summary :

Putting Patients First

Putting Patients First
  • Author : Susan B. Frampton,Patrick A. Charmel,Planetree
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-27
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 047037702X
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Summary : The second edition of Putting Patients First showcases what Planetree facilities and the Planetree organization have learned about the commitments, conditions, practices, and policies that are needed to do more than give lip service to being--patient-centered.--It should be read by every student, nurse, physician, administrator, trustee, policy maker, and lay person who is committed to creating healing environments, holding facilities accountable for their rhetoric, and truly reforming health care.

Library & Information Science Abstracts

Library & Information Science Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015079674613
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Summary :

Health System Efficiency

Health System Efficiency
  • Author : Jonathan Cylus,Irene Papanicolas,Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-15
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9289050411
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Summary : In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.