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Clinical Data as the Basic Staple of Health Learning

Clinical Data as the Basic Staple of Health Learning
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-14
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780309120609
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Summary : Successful development of clinical data as an engine for knowledge generation has the potential to transform health and health care in America. As part of its Learning Health System Series, the Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted a workshop to discuss expanding the access to and use of clinical data as a foundation for care improvement.

Patients Charting the Course

Patients Charting the Course
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Roundtable on Value and Science-Driven Health Care
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-21
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780309149938
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Summary : As past, current, or future patients, the public should be the health care system's unwavering focus and serve as change agents in its care. Taking this into account, the quality of health care should be judged not only by whether clinical decisions are informed by the best available scientific evidence, but also by whether care is tailored to a patient's individual needs and perspectives. However, too often it is provider preference and convenience, rather than those of the patient, that drive what care is delivered. As part of its Learning Health System series of workshops, the Roundtable on Value & Science-Driven Health Care hosted a workshop to assess the prospects for improving health and lowering costs by advancing patient involvement in the elements of a learning health system.

Writing Intimacy into Feminist Geography

Writing Intimacy into Feminist Geography
  • Author : Pamela Moss,Courtney Donovan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-24
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9781134787241
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Summary : Intimacy, expressed through the feelings and sensations of the researcher, is bound up in the work of a feminist geographer. Tapping into this intimacy and including it in academic writing facilitates a grasping of the effects of power in particular places and initiates a discussion about how to access and tease out what constitutes the intimate both ethically and politically throughout the research process. This collection provides valuable reflections about intimacy in the research process - from encounters in the field, through data analysis, to the various pieces of written work. A global and heterogeneous pool of scholars and researchers introduce personal ways of writing intimacy into feminist geography. ​ As authors expand existing conceptualizations of intimacy and include their own stories, chapters explore the methodological challenges of using intimacy in research as an approach, a topic and a site of interaction. The book is valuable reading for students and researchers of Geography, as well as anyone interested in the ethics and practicalities of feminist, critical and emotional research methodologies.

Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care

Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care
  • Author : Gregory J. Privitera,James J. Gillespie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-13
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9781498550987
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Summary : In Patient-Centric Analytics in Health Care: Driving Value in Clinical Settings and Psychological Practice, James J. Gillespie and Gregory J. Privitera introduce a framework that explores the utility of analytics for managing care that is based on six key inputs of the health care system: patients, policy makers, providers, pharmacies, pharmaceuticals, and payers. Understanding the roles of these 6 P’s and the utility of analytics to promote data-driven decision models can lead to new innovations. These improvements can enhance quality, increase access, and reduce costs, and thereby drive value for the most important stakeholders in health care: the patients. As the accessibility and volume of data continues to increase, there is a growing desire to utilize data to guide and optimize decision-making in health care environments. There is a wealth of data in health care organizations and much of it is not fully utilized. In today’s climate, these organizations are under increased regulatory and financial pressures to deliver measurable value, particularly as it relates to the quality of patient care in clinical and diagnostic settings. This book includes short contributions from practitioners, including Laurie Branch, Puneet Chahal, Patrick C. Cunningham, Star* Cunningham, Matthew Dreckmeier, Joseph P. Gaspero, Sherri Matis-Mitchell, Gail Mayeaux, Edwin K. Morris, Plamen Petrov, Steven Press, Andrew J. Privitera, Derek Walton, and Daniel Yunker.

Evaluating Challenges and Opportunities for Healthcare Reform

Evaluating Challenges and Opportunities for Healthcare Reform
  • Author : Selladurai, Raj,Hobson, Charlie,Selladurai, Roshini Isabell,Greer, Adam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-07
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 9781799829508
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Summary : Healthcare reform in the United States is a significant, strongly debated issue that has been argued since the early 1900s. Though this issue has been in circulation for decades, by integrating various new models and approaches, a more sustainable national healthcare system can perhaps be realized. Evaluating Challenges and Opportunities for Healthcare Reform presents comprehensive coverage of the development of new models of healthcare systems that seek to create sustainable and optimal healthcare by improving quality and decreasing cost. While highlighting topics including high-value care, patient interaction, and sustainable healthcare, this book is ideally designed for government officials, policymakers, lawmakers, scholars, physicians, healthcare leaders, academicians, practitioners, and students and can be used to help all interested stakeholders to make well-informed decisions related to healthcare reform and policy development for the United States and beyond, as well as to help all individuals and families in their decisions related to choices of optimal healthcare plans.

Health Technology Literacy

Health Technology Literacy
  • Author : Maryalice Jordan-Marsh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-03
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9780763758486
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Summary : Health Technology Literacy: A Transdisciplinary Framework for Consumer-Oriented Practice examines the wide range of resources used by health consumers to inform, support decision-making, self-monitor, build supportive social networks online or via cell phone, and engage in treatment using interactive programs online or on CD or related media. Using evidence-based practice and relevant theories, this unique text analyzes the trend for health care systems to be reactive, while consumers are proactive for health technology.

Advancing Consumer-Centric Fog Computing Architectures

Advancing Consumer-Centric Fog Computing Architectures
  • Author : Munir, Kashif
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 9781522571506
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Summary : Due to a rapidly growing number of devices and communications, cloud computing has begun to fall behind on its ability to adequately process today’s technology. Additionally, companies have begun to look for solutions that would help reduce their infrastructure costs and improve profitability. Fog computing, a paradigm that extends cloud computing and services to the edge of the network, has presented itself as a viable solution and cost-saving method. However, before businesses can implement this new method, concerns regarding its security, privacy, availability, and data protection must be addressed. Advancing Consumer-Centric Fog Computing Architectures is a collection of innovative research on the methods and applications of fog computing in technological, business, and organizational dimensions. Thoroughly examining fog computing with respect to issues of management, trust and privacy, governance, and interoperability, this publication highlights a range of topics including access control mechanism, data confidentiality, and service-oriented architecture. This book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, software developers, IT professionals, policymakers, technology designers, graduate-level students, managers, and business owners.

Stepped Care 2.0: A Paradigm Shift in Mental Health

Stepped Care 2.0: A Paradigm Shift in Mental Health
  • Author : Peter Cornish
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-13
  • Total pages :137
  • ISBN : 9783030480554
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Summary : This book is a primer on Stepped Care 2.0. It is the first book in a series of three. This primer addresses the increased demand for mental health care by supporting stakeholders (help-seekers, providers, and policy-makers) to collaborate in enhancing care outcomes through work that is both more meaningful and sustainable. Our current mental health system is organized to offer highly intensive psychiatric and psychological care. While undoubtedly effective, demand far exceeds the supply for such specialized programming. Many people seeking to improve their mental health do not need psychiatric medication or sophisticated psychotherapy. A typical help seeker needs basic support. For knee pain, a nurse or physician might first recommend icing and resting the knee, working to achieve a healthy weight, and introducing low impact exercise before considering specialist care. Unfortunately, there is no parallel continuum of care for mental health and wellness. As a result, a person seeking the most basic support must line up and wait for the specialist along with those who may have very severe and/or complex needs. Why are there no lower intensity options? One reason is fear and stigma. A thorough assessment by a specialist is considered best practice. After all, what if we miss signs of suicide or potential harm to others? A reasonable question on the surface; however, the premise is flawed. First, the risk of suicide, or threat to others, for those already seeking care, is low. Second, our technical capacity to predict on these threats is virtually nil. Finally, assessment in our current culture of fear tends to focus more on the identification of deficits (as opposed to functional capacities), leading to over-prescription of expensive remedies and lost opportunities for autonomy and self-management. Despite little evidence linking assessment to treatment outcomes, and no evidence supporting our capacity to detect risk for harm, we persist with lengthy intake assessments and automatic specialist referrals that delay care. Before providers and policy makers can feel comfortable letting go of risk assessment, however, they need to understand the forces underlying the risk paradigm that dominates our society and restricts creative solutions for supporting those in need.

Delivering Quality Health Services: A Global Imperative

Delivering Quality Health Services: A Global Imperative
  • Author : OECD,World Health Organization,World Bank Group
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-05
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 9789264300309
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Summary : This report describes the current situation with regard to universal health coverage and global quality of care, and outlines the steps governments, health services and their workers, together with citizens and patients need to urgently take.

Redefining Health Care

Redefining Health Care
  • Author : Michael E. Porter,Elizabeth Olmsted Teisberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-24
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781422133361
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Summary : The U.S. health care system is in crisis. At stake are the quality of care for millions of Americans and the financial well-being of individuals and employers squeezed by skyrocketing premiums—not to mention the stability of state and federal government budgets. In Redefining Health Care, internationally renowned strategy expert Michael Porter and innovation expert Elizabeth Teisberg reveal the underlying—and largely overlooked—causes of the problem, and provide a powerful prescription for change. The authors argue that competition currently takes place at the wrong level—among health plans, networks, and hospitals—rather than where it matters most, in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of specific health conditions. Participants in the system accumulate bargaining power and shift costs in a zero-sum competition, rather than creating value for patients. Based on an exhaustive study of the U.S. health care system, Redefining Health Care lays out a breakthrough framework for redefining the way competition in health care delivery takes place—and unleashing stunning improvements in quality and efficiency. With specific recommendations for hospitals, doctors, health plans, employers, and policy makers, this book shows how to move health care toward positive-sum competition that delivers lasting benefits for all.

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • Author : INDRAJIT CHATTERJEE
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-22
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 9788120340237
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Summary : This introductory book on Management Information Systems (MIS) is designed to serve as a text for the students of management (BBA and MBA) and computer applications (BCA and MCA). Today, many management information systems are in widespread use by the managers at operational, middle and senior levels. This book will be equally useful to working executives and professionals who wish to grasp the essentials of management information systems. This book discusses all the major areas in information systems with contemporary issues and their effects on business and organization. The main focus is on practical orientation and application of information systems and the emphasis is on real business scenarios. Each chapter provides spotlights on organization, technology or management related to the topics discussed. The book provides a broad treatment of the core topics of MIS, namely databases, data communication, e-commerce, supply chain management, customer relationship management, decision support systems, knowledge management, and also the ethical and social issues involved in information systems. It also discusses the development methodologies of system analysis and design which enable the actual information systems to be built to meet the needs of an organization. Case studies based on management of business information provide the students with insight into the actual processes involved.

Organizational Change through Lean Methodologies

Organizational Change through Lean Methodologies
  • Author : A. Heri Iswanto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-10
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9781000209921
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Summary : Lean is a type of organizational change brought about through improvement methods based on cost reduction mechanism. The assumption is that by reducing costs, the organizations can work better and more efficiently. All changes in lean-based organizations are directed at reducing these costs by identifying and eliminating waste. The thinking is that cost reduction will increase efficiency since, basically, it removes process inefficiencies and decreases cycle time. Why are targets directed at cost reduction? Because costs are a crucial factor for sustainable business organization. Lean thinking cuts the value of scale production by looking at the existing waste in a process. Production remains the same, but the costs of goods production are reduced due to the elimination of waste in the process. As a result, companies do not have to increase their production if it is not required, giving companies an increase in average profits due to lean and the elimination of identified waste. The focus on cost reduction can be included in the overall lean concept since cost wasting is only a part of the existing waste. In other words, other waste can be converted into costs or perceived as a value. This book starts the mental process of organization change through lean thinking. It provides the background and history of lean, and then gets into how the lean process works. The author also discusses why an organization should implement lean as a method to increase quality and engage workers in the process, thereby increasing efficiency and, ultimately, profitability. Through case studies and examples from Indonesia, the author describes how to create a value stream to identify waste and discusses the concept of a pull system and its impact on the process.

From Innovation to Implementation

From Innovation to Implementation
  • Author : Who Regional Office for Europe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :111
  • ISBN : 9789289051378
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Summary : "The principal authors were Carrie Beth Peterson (Consultant in eHealth and Innovation, WHO Regional Office for Europe), Clayton Hamilton (Editor-in-chief and Unit Leader, eHealth and Innovation in the Division of Information, Evidence, Research and Innovation, WHO Regional Office for Europe) and Per Hasvold (WHO Collaborating Centre for eHealth and Telemedicine at the Norwegian Centre for Integrated Care and Telemedicine, Troms, Norway)."--Page viii.

Design for Care

Design for Care
  • Author : Peter Jones
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-01
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781933820132
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Summary : The world of healthcare is constantly evolving, ever increasing in complexity, costs, and stakeholders, and presenting huge challenges to policy making, decision making and system design. In Design for Care, we'll show how service and information designers can work with practice professionals and patients/advocates to make a positive difference in healthcare.

Resources in Education

Resources in Education
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32435070404058
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Summary :

Entrepreneurship, Collaboration, and Innovation in the Modern Business Era

Entrepreneurship, Collaboration, and Innovation in the Modern Business Era
  • Author : Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-06
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 9781522550150
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Summary : As businesses seek to compete on a global stage, they must be constantly aware of pressures from all levels: regional, local, and worldwide. The organizations that can best build advantages in diverse environments achieve the greatest success. Entrepreneurship, Collaboration, and Innovation in the Modern Business Era provides emerging research on business practices and business advancement in the current technological environment. While highlighting topics such as enterprise social systems, idea generation, and online recruitment, this publication reveals the various techniques and methods to modernize and revolutionize business organizations. This book is an important resource for business leaders, economists, entrepreneurs, practitioners, researchers, and students seeking current research on the research and discoveries in the field of business expansion.

Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care

Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care
  • Author : Committee on Improving the Quality of Cancer Care: Addressing the Challenges of an Aging Population,Board on Health Care Services,Institute of Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-10
  • Total pages :367
  • ISBN : 0309286603
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Summary : In the United States, approximately 14 million people have had cancer and more than 1.6 million new cases are diagnosed each year. However, more than a decade after the Institute of Medicine (IOM) first studied the quality of cancer care, the barriers to achieving excellent care for all cancer patients remain daunting. Care often is not patient-centered, many patients do not receive palliative care to manage their symptoms and side effects from treatment, and decisions about care often are not based on the latest scientific evidence. The cost of cancer care also is rising faster than many sectors of medicine--having increased to $125 billion in 2010 from $72 billion in 2004--and is projected to reach $173 billion by 2020. Rising costs are making cancer care less affordable for patients and their families and are creating disparities in patients' access to high-quality cancer care. There also are growing shortages of health professionals skilled in providing cancer care, and the number of adults age 65 and older--the group most susceptible to cancer--is expected to double by 2030, contributing to a 45 percent increase in the number of people developing cancer. The current care delivery system is poorly prepared to address the care needs of this population, which are complex due to altered physiology, functional and cognitive impairment, multiple coexisting diseases, increased side effects from treatment, and greater need for social support. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis presents a conceptual framework for improving the quality of cancer care. This study proposes improvements to six interconnected components of care: (1) engaged patients; (2) an adequately staffed, trained, and coordinated workforce; (3) evidence-based care; (4) learning health care information technology (IT); (5) translation of evidence into clinical practice, quality measurement and performance improvement; and (6) accessible and affordable care. This report recommends changes across the board in these areas to improve the quality of care. Delivering High-Quality Cancer Care: Charting a New Course for a System in Crisis provides information for cancer care teams, patients and their families, researchers, quality metrics developers, and payers, as well as HHS, other federal agencies, and industry to reevaluate their current roles and responsibilities in cancer care and work together to develop a higher quality care delivery system. By working toward this shared goal, the cancer care community can improve the quality of life and outcomes for people facing a cancer diagnosis.

Health System Efficiency

Health System Efficiency
  • Author : Jonathan Cylus,Irene Papanicolas,Peter C. Smith
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-15
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9289050411
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Summary : In this book the authors explore the state of the art on efficiency measurement in health systems and international experts offer insights into the pitfalls and potential associated with various measurement techniques. The authors show that: - The core idea of efficiency is easy to understand in principle - maximizing valued outputs relative to inputs, but is often difficult to make operational in real-life situations - There have been numerous advances in data collection and availability, as well as innovative methodological approaches that give valuable insights into how efficiently health care is delivered - Our simple analytical framework can facilitate the development and interpretation of efficiency indicators.

Affordable Excellence

Affordable Excellence
  • Author : William A. Haseltine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9780815724162
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Summary : A Brookings Institution Press and the National University of Singapore Press publication This is the story of the Singapore healthcare system: how it works, how it is financed, its history, where it is going, and what lessons it may hold for national health systems around the world. Singapore ranks sixth in the world in healthcare outcomes, yet spends proportionally less on healthcare than any other high-income country. This is the first book to set out a comprehensive system-level description of healthcare in Singapore, with a view to understanding what can be learned from its unique system design and development path. The lessons from Singapore will be of interest to those currently planning the future of healthcare in emerging economies, as well as those engaged in the urgent debates on healthcare in the wealthier countries faced with serious long-term challenges in healthcare financing. Policymakers, legislators, public health officials responsible for healthcare systems planning, finance and operations, as well as those working on healthcare issues in universities and think tanks should understand how the Singapore system works to achieve affordable excellence.

Cognitive Computing Featuring the IBM Power System AC922

Cognitive Computing Featuring the IBM Power System AC922
  • Author : Scott Vetter,Ivaylo Bozhinov,Boran Lee,Gustavo Santos,IBM Redbooks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-17
  • Total pages :55
  • ISBN : 9780738458113
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Summary : This IBM® Redpaper publication describes the advantages of using IBM Power System AC922 for cognitive solutions, and how it can enhance clients' businesses. In order to optimize the hardware and software, IBM partners with NVIDIA, Mellanox, H2O.ai, SQream, Kinetica, and other prominent companies to design the Power AC922 server, specifically enhanced for the cognitive era. Most of its outstanding hardware features, such as NVIDIA NVLink 2.0 and PCIe 4.0, are described in this publication to illustrate the advantages that clients can realize in comparison with IBM competitors. We also include a brief description about what cognitive computing is, and how to use IBM Watson® Machine Learning cognitive solutions to bring more value to your business ecosystem. Additionally, we show performance charts that show the advantages of using Power AC922 versus x86 competitors. In the last chapter, we describe the most remarkable use cases in which IBM solves real problems using cognitive solutions. This IBM Redpaper publication is aimed at IT technical audiences, especially decision-making levels that need a full look at the benefits and improvements that an IBM Cognitive Solution can offer. It also provides valuable information to data science professionals, enabling them to plan their modeling needs. Finally, it offers information to the infrastructure support group in charge of maintaining the solution.

Paradigm Freeze

Paradigm Freeze
  • Author : Harvey Lazar,Pierre-Gerlier Forest,John N. Lavis,John Church
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-24
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9781553393382
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Summary : Why has health care reform proved a stumbling block for provincial governments across Canada? What efforts have been made to improve a struggling system, and how have they succeeded or failed? In Paradigm Freeze, experts in the field answer these fundamental questions by examining and comparing six essential policy issues - regionalization, needs-based funding, alternative payment plans, privatization, waiting lists, and prescription drug coverage - in five provinces. Noting hundreds of recommendations from dozens of reports commissioned by provincial governments over the last quarter century - the great majority to little or no avail - the book focuses on careful diagnosis, rather than unplanned treatment, of the problem. Paradigm Freeze is based on thirty case studies of policy reform in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, and Newfoundland and Labrador. The contributors assess the nature and extent of healthcare reform in Canada since the beginning of the 1990s. They account for the generally limited extent of reform that has occurred, and identify the factors associated with the relatively few cases of large reform. An insightful new perspective on a problem that has plagued Canadian governments for decades, Paradigm Freeze is an important addition to the field of health policy. Contributors include John Church (University of Alberta), Michael Ducie (Alberta Health and Wellness), Pierre-Gerlier Forest (Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation), Stephen Tomblin (Memorial University), Jeff Braun Jackson (Ontario Professional Firefighters Association, Burlington, ON), Marie-Pascale Pomey (Université de Montréal), John N. Lavis (McMaster University), Harvey Lazar (Queen's University), Elisabeth Martin (Université Laval),Tom McIntosh (University of Regina), Dianna Pasic (McMaster University), Neale Smith (University of British Columbia), and Michael G. Wilson (McMaster University).