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Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials

Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Guido Busca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-23
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 044459521X
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Summary : Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials discusses experimental methods and the latest developments in three areas of research: heterogeneous catalysis; surface chemistry; and the chemistry of catalysts. Catalytic materials are those solids that allow the chemical reaction to occur efficiently and cost-effectively. This book provides you with all necessary information to synthesize, characterize, and relate the properties of a catalyst to its behavior, enabling you to select the appropriate catalyst for the process and reactor system. Oxides (used both as catalysts and as supports for catalysts), mixed and complex oxides and salts, halides, sulfides, carbides, and unsupported and supported metals are all considered. The book encompasses applications in industrial chemistry, refinery, petrochemistry, biomass conversion, energy production, and environmental protection technologies. Provides a systematic and clear approach of the synthesis, solid state chemistry and surface chemistry of all solid state catalysts Covers widely used instrumental techniques for catalyst characterization, such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and more Includes characterization methods and lists all catalytic behavior of the solid state catalysts Discusses new developments in nanocatalysts and their advantages over conventional catalysts

Advanced Catalytic Materials

Advanced Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Ashutosh Tiwari,Salam Titinchi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-06
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 1118998952
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Summary : The subject of advanced materials in catalysisbrings together recent advancements in materials synthesis and technologies to the design of novel and smart catalysts used in the field of catalysis. Nanomaterials in general show an important role in chemical processing as adsorbents, catalysts, catalyst supports and membranes, and form the basis of cutting-edge technology because of their unique structural and surface properties. Advanced Catalytic Materials is written by a distinguished group of contributors and the chapters provide comprehensive coverage of the current literature, up-to-date overviews of all aspects of advanced materials in catalysis, and present the skills needed for designing and synthesizing advanced materials. The book also showcases many topics concerning the fast-developing area of materials for catalysis and their emerging applications. The book is divided into three parts: Nanocatalysts – Architecture and Design; Organic and Inorganic Catalytic Transformations; and Functional Catalysis: Fundamentals and Applications. Specifically, the chapters discuss the following subjects: Environmental applications of multifunctional nanocomposite catalytic materials Transformation of nanostructured functional precursors using soft chemistry Graphenes in heterogeneous catalysis Gold nanoparticles-graphene composites material for catalytic application Hydrogen generation from chemical hydrides Ring-opening polymerization of poly(lactic acid) Catalytic performance of metal alkoxides Cycloaddition of CO2 and epoxides over reusable solid catalysts Biomass derived fine chemicals using catalytic metal bio-composites Homoleptic metal carbonyls in organic transformation Zeolites: smart materials for novel, efficient, and versatile catalysis Optimizing zeolitic catalysis for environmental remediation

Carbon Materials for Catalysis

Carbon Materials for Catalysis
  • Author : Philippe Serp,José Luis Figueiredo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-04
  • Total pages :608
  • ISBN : 9780470403693
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Summary : This is the first comprehensive book covering all aspects of the use of carbonaceous materials in heterogeneous catalysis. It covers the preparation and characterization of carbon supports and carbon-supported catalysts; carbon surface chemistry in catalysis; the description of catalytic, photo-catalytic, or electro-catalytic reactions, including the development of new carbon materials such as carbon xerogels, aerogels, or carbon nanotubes; and new carbon-based materials in catalytic or adsorption processes. This is a premier reference for carbon, inorganic, and physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers, chemical engineers, and others.

Alternative Catalytic Materials

Alternative Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Justin S. J. Hargreaves,Andrew R. McFarlane,Said Laassiri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9781523123001
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Summary : An important reference for researchers and industrialists working in heterogeneous catalysis and materials chemistry.

Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts

Design of Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Author : Umit S. Ozkan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-02-11
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 352762533X
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Summary : This long-awaited reference source is the first book to focus on this important and hot topic. As such, it provides examples from a wide array of fields where catalyst design has been based on new insights and understanding, presenting such modern and important topics as self-assembly, nature-inspired catalysis, nano-scale architecture of surfaces and theoretical methods. With its inclusion of all the useful and powerful tools for the rational design of catalysts, this is a true "must have" book for every researcher in the field.

New Materials for Catalytic Applications

New Materials for Catalytic Applications
  • Author : Vasile I. Parvulescu,Erhard Kemnitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-28
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 0444635882
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Summary : New Materials for Catalytic Applications proposes the use of both new and existing materials for catalytic applications, such as zeolites, metal oxides, microporous and mesoporous materials, and monocrystals. In addition, metal-oxides are discussed from a new perspective, i.e. nano- and photocatalytic applications. The material presents these concepts with a new focus on strategies in synthesis, synthesis based on a rational design, the correlation between basic properties/potential applications, and new catalytic solutions for acid-base, redox, hydrogenation, photocatalytic reactions, etc. Presents organometallic concepts for the synthesis of nanocatalysts Provides a synthesis of new materials following the fluorolytic sol-gel concept Covers electronic and photocatalytic properties via synthesis of nano-oxide materials Details the nature of sites in MOFs generating catalytic properties immobilization of triflates in solid matrices for organic reactions

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Author : J. R. H. Ross
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 044453363X
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Summary : Heterogeneous catalysis plays a part in the production of more than 80% of all chemical products. It is therefore essential that all chemists and chemical engineers have an understanding of the fundamental principles as well as the applications of heterogeneous catalysts. This book introduces the subject, starting at a basic level, and includes sections on adsorption and surface science, catalytic kinetics, experimental methods for preparing and studying heterogeneous catalysts, as well as some aspects of the design of industrial catalytic reactors. It ends with a chapter that covers a range of examples of important catalytic processes. The book leads the student to carrying out a series of "tasks" based on searches of the internet and also on the use of web-based search tools such as Scopus or Web of Science. These tasks are generally based on the text; they can be used entirely for self-study but they can also be tailored to the requirements of a particular course by the instructor/lecturer giving the course. The author has had over 40 years of experience in catalytic research as well as in lecturing on the principles of catalysis. He was for more than 20 years the Editor of Catalysis Today. Coverage of all aspects of catalysis in carefully organised text Inclusion of material on the historical development of the subject and the personalities involved All concepts illustrated by practical examples Inclusion of a wide range of problems and solutions, case studies, and supplementary web based material which will be regularly updated Author has over 40 years research experience of almost all covered subjects Provides companion materials webiste

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications

Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications
  • Author : Tomas R Reina,Jose A Odriozola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-27
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 178801958X
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Summary : Heterogeneous catalysis plays a central role in the global energy paradigm, with practically all energy-related process relying on a catalyst at a certain point. The application of heterogeneous catalysts will be of paramount importance to achieve the transition towards low carbon and sustainable societies. This book provides an overview of the design, limitations and challenges of heterogeneous catalysts for energy applications. In an attempt to cover a broad spectrum of scenarios, the book considers traditional processes linked to fossil fuels such as reforming and hydrocracking, as well as catalysis for sustainable energy applications such as hydrogen production, photocatalysis, biomass upgrading and conversion of CO2 to clean fuels. Novel approaches in catalysts design are covered, including microchannel reactors and structured catalysts, catalytic membranes and ionic liquids. With contributions from leaders in the field, Heterogeneous Catalysis for Energy Applications will be an essential toolkit for chemists, physicists, chemical engineers and industrials working on energy.

Characterization of Solid Materials and Heterogeneous Catalysts

Characterization of Solid Materials and Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Author : Michel Che,Jacques C. Vedrine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-16
  • Total pages :1284
  • ISBN : 3527645330
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Summary : This two-volume book provides an overview of physical techniques used to characterize the structure of solid materials, on the one hand, and to investigate the reactivity of their surface, on the other. Therefore this book is a must-have for anyone working in fields related to surface reactivity. Among the latter, and because of its most important industrial impact, catalysis has been used as the directing thread of the book. After the preface and a general introduction to physical techniques by M. Che and J.C. Védrine, two overviews on physical techniques are presented by G. Ertl and Sir J.M. Thomas for investigating model catalysts and porous catalysts, respectively. The book is organized into four parts: Molecular/Local Spectroscopies, Macroscopic Techniques, Characterization of the Fluid Phase (Gas and/ or Liquid), and Advanced Characterization. Each chapter focuses upon the following important themes: overview of the technique, most important parameters to interpret the experimental data, practical details, applications of the technique, particularly during chemical processes, with its advantages and disadvantages, conclusions.

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Organic Chemistry

Heterogeneous Catalysis in Organic Chemistry
  • Author : Gerard V. Smith,Ferenc Notheisz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-06-30
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9780080524801
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Summary : The features of this book which will be of special interest to academic organic chemists are the introduction (Chapter 1), which presents a short course on the concepts and language of heterogeneous catalysis, covers organic reaction mechanisms of hydrogenation (Chapter 2), hydrogenolysis (Chapter 4), and oxidation (Chapter 6), a presents problems and solutions specific for running heterogeneous catalytic organic reactions in solution. These materials can supplement advanced chemistry courses. Most synthetic organic chemists use a variety of "protecting groups" which they attach to functional groups (reactive groups of atoms) while some reaction is being conducted on another part of the molecule. These protecting groups prevent reactions of the functional groups during other reactions and are removed later by a heterogeneous catalytic method called hydrogenolysis. One unique feature of this book, not found in other books on catalysis, is an exhaustive chapter (Chapter 4) on hydrogenolysis, which is dredged from the recent synthetic literature published by modern organic chemists. Academic organic chemists should find this chapter extremely useful and may wish to adopt the book as a supplement for advanced organic chemistry courses designed for seniors and for graduate students. It will also be useful for professors and their research groups engaged in synthetic organic chemistry. Many academic organic chemists are not aware of recent advances in heterogeneous enantioselective catalysis (Chapter 3) or in selective low temperature, liquid phase heterogeneous catalytic oxidations by hydrogen peroxide (Chapter 6). These specialty topics are timely and may be new to academic organic chemists and can be used to supplement their advanced courses. Several features of this book will also be of special interest to industrial chemists who are unfamiliar with heterogeneous catalysis. Many good organic chemists are hire by industry. They synthesize a new compound using standard organic synthetic techniques but are informed by their supervisor that they must convert some of their synthetic steps into heterogeneous catalytic steps. They may not have been exposed to heterogeneous catalysis and have few places to turn. This book offers them a crash course in heterogeneous catalysis as well as many examples of reactions and conditions with which they can start their search. Those industrial organic chemists already familiar with heterogeneous catalysis will find this book useful as a reference to many examples in the recent literature. They will find recent surface science discoveries correlated with heterogeneous catalysis or organic reactions and mechanistic suggestions designed to stimulate innovative nontraditional thinking about organic reactions on surfaces. Written by organic chemists for organic chemists Introduces heterogeneous catalysis concepts and language Presents a comprehensive compilation of protecting group removal procedures Covers liquid-phase hydrogenations, hydrogenolysis, and oxidations Addresses heterogeneous methods for producing pure enantiomers of chiral products Examines the emerging field of heterogenized homogeneous catalysts Mixes practical applications with mechanistic interpretations

Characterization of Catalytic Materials

Characterization of Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Israel E. Wachs
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : Israel E. Wachs, the volume Editor, is Professor of Chemical Engineering at Lehigh University and Director of the Vibrational Spectroscopy Laboratory in the Zettlemoyer Center for Surface Studies. Professor Wachs has done importnat research in heterogeneous catalysis while at Lehigh and, earlier, as a staff member of Exxon Research. Characterization of Catalytic Materials is a modern, comprehensive reference volume covering the analysis of catalytic materials used in commercial applications. This book provides information for understanding the performance of each class of catalytic material and discusses the applications of these materials in different kinds of technologies such as in pollution control, and chemical and petroleum processing. Each chapter is written by individuals who are internationally recognized as experts in their respective areas and is organized for easy reference by catalytic classes, and the types of surface, interface, and bulk characterization that might be sought. Written from the materials perspective, Characterization of Catalytic Materials focuses on the properties to be measured rather than on the techniques to be used.

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures

Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures
  • Author : Zili Wu,Steven H. Overbury
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-26
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0128013400
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Summary : Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Heterogeneous Catalysts for Clean Technology

Heterogeneous Catalysts for Clean Technology
  • Author : Karen Wilson,Adam F. Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-17
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 3527659005
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Summary : Reactive, but not a reactant. Heterogeneous catalysts play an unseen role in many of today's processes and products. With the increasing emphasis on sustainability in both products and processes, this handbook is the first to combine the hot topics of heterogeneous catalysis and clean technology. It focuses on the development of heterogeneous catalysts for use in clean chemical synthesis, dealing with how modern spectroscopic techniques can aid the design of catalysts for use in liquid phase reactions, their application in industrially important chemistries - including selective oxidation, hydrogenation, solid acid- and base-catalyzed processes - as well as the role of process intensification and use of renewable resources in improving the sustainability of chemical processes. With its emphasis on applications, this book is of high interest to those working in the industry.

Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis

Molecular Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Author : Rutger A. van Santen,Matthew Neurock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-10
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 3527608346
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Summary : An integrated approach to the molecular theory of reaction mechanism in heterogeneous catalysis, largely based on the knowledge among the growing theoretical catalysis community over the past half century, and covering all major catalytic systems. The authors develop a general conceptual framework, including in-depth comparisons with enzyme catalysis, biomineralisation, organometallic and coordination chemistry. A chapter dedicated to molecular electrocatalysis addresses the molecular description of reactions at the liquid-solid interphase, while studies range from a quantum-chemical treatment of individual molecular states to dynamic Monte-Carlo simulations, including the full flexibility of the many-particle systems. Complexity in catalysis is explained in chapters on self-organization and self-assembly of catalysts, and other sections are devoted to evolutionary, combinatorial techniques as well as artificial chemistry.

Combinatorial Development of Solid Catalytic Materials

Combinatorial Development of Solid Catalytic Materials
  • Author : Manfred Baerns,Martin Hole?a
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 1848163436
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Summary : The book provides a comprehensive treatment of combinatorial development of heterogeneous catalysts. In particular, two computer-aided approaches that have played a key role in combinatorial catalysis and high-throughput experimentation during the last decade ? evolutionary optimization and artificial neural networks ? are described. The book is unique in that it describes evolutionary optimization in a broader context of methods of searching for optimal catalytic materials, including statistical design of experiments, as well as presents neural networks in a broader context of data analysis. It is the first book that demystifies the attractiveness of artificial neural networks, explaining its rational fundamental ? their universal approximation capability. At the same time, it shows the limitations of that capability and describes two methods for how it can be improved. The book is also the first that presents two other important topics pertaining to evolutionary optimization and artificial neural networks: automatic generating of problem-tailored genetic algorithms, and tuning evolutionary algorithms with neural networks. Both are not only theoretically explained, but also well illustrated through detailed case studies.

Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts

Scientific Bases for the Preparation of Heterogeneous Catalysts
  • Author : E. Gaigneaux,M Devillers,S. Hermans,P.A. Jacobs,J. Martens,P. Ruiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-29
  • Total pages :880
  • ISBN : 9780444536020
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Summary : These meetings, held every four years, bring together researchers from academia and industry and offer a forum for discussions on the chemistry involved in the preparation of industrial heterogeneous catalysts. Contributions focus on the aspects of catalyst preparation. Reports on physico-chemical characteristics of catalysts and catalytic performances are limited to correlations with the preparation parameters. Contains a collection of the papers presented at the workshop

Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides

Heterogeneous Catalysis of Mixed Oxides
  • Author : M. Misono
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-28
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 0444538348
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Summary : Mixed oxides are the most widely used catalyst materials for industrial catalytic processes. The principal objective of this book is to describe systematically the mixed oxide catalysts, from their fundamentals through their practical applications. After describing concisely general items concerning mixed oxide and mixed oxide catalysts, two important mixed oxide catalyst materials, namely, heteropolyacids and perovskites, are taken as typical examples and discussed in detail. These two materials have several advantages: 1. They are, respectively, typical examples of salts of oxoacids and double oxide, that is, the two main categories of mixed oxides in solid state chemistry. 2. Both exhibit excellent catalytic performance in nearly crystalline state and are used in several industrial applications. 3. They have studied for many years. In addition, metal oxides functioning as a catalyst support (carrier) are included. Although the supports are very important in practical applications, and tremendous progress has been made in the past decades, few systematic reviews exist. It is notable that heteropolyacids and perovskite exhibit unique performance when used as a support. Fundamental catalytic science and technology and solid state chemistry necessary is presented for the proper understanding of mixed oxide catalysts as well as for R&D. For the latter, the concept of design of practical catalysts is very important. This is considered throughout the book. Systematically describes design principles of mixed oxide catalysts Shows how catalysis and solid-state chemistry of metal oxides are inter-related Covers all useful basic concepts of mixed oxide catalysis

Novel Materials in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Novel Materials in Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Author : Robert T. Baker,R. T. K. Baker,Larry L. Murrell,American Chemical Society. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : This new volume highlights the use and availability of new materials in catalysis. It replaces the stereotyped approach to catalysis with one that exploits the opportunity afforded from producing metal particles by novel routes or by supporting them in unusual locations on a carrier material. Among the highlighted topics are zeolite materials, layered structures, clusters, ceramic membranes, metal oxide catalysis, and catalysts used in fuel production.

Encapsulated Catalysts

Encapsulated Catalysts
  • Author : Samahe Sadjadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-08
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 0128039051
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Summary : Encapsulated Catalysts provides valuable information for chemists, chemical engineers, and materials scientists in this promising area. The book describes many kinds of encapsulated catalysts and their applications in chemistry, including organic, inorganic, hybrid, and biological systems. Unlike other works, which discuss traditional supports, this useful resource uniquely focuses on extremely important topics, such as the encapsulation effects on reactivity and selectivity, the difficulty of their separation from reaction mixture, and/or their sensitivity to reaction conditions, and the limit of their industrial applications. In addition, the book covers the immobilization of homogenous catalysts on inorganic or organic supports and how it enables the separation of homogenous catalysts, as well as the protection or reuse of catalysts. Discusses one of the most promising advances in catalysis and recent developments in the area, including enzyme mimic catalysts and new nano-materials for catalyst encapsulation Provides interdisciplinary coverage of organic, inorganic, and biological materials for encapsulation of catalysts Describes various types of reactions which can be catalyzed in presence of encapsulated catalysts

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis
  • Author : Jacques C. Vedrine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-11
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 0128116323
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Summary : Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis is an overview of the past, present and future of heterogeneous catalysis using metal oxides catalysts. The book presents the historical, theoretical, and practical aspects of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Metal Oxides in Heterogeneous Catalysis deals with fundamental information on heterogeneous catalysis, including reaction mechanisms and kinetics approaches.There is also a focus on the classification of metal oxides used as catalysts, preparation methods and touches on zeolites, mesoporous materials and Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) in catalysis. It will touch on acid or base-type reactions, selective (partial) and total oxidation reactions, and enzymatic type reactions The book also touches heavily on the biomass applications of metal oxide catalysts and environmentally related/depollution reactions such as COVs elimination, DeNOx, and DeSOx. Finally, the book also deals with future trends and prospects in metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis. Presents case studies in each chapter that provide a focus on the industrial applications Includes fundamentals, key theories and practical applications of metal oxide-based heterogeneous catalysis in one comprehensive resource Edited, and contributed, by leading experts who provide perspectives on synthesis, characterization and applications

Basic Principles in Applied Catalysis

Basic Principles in Applied Catalysis
  • Author : Manfred Baerns
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 3662059819
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Summary : Written by a team of internationally recognized experts, this book addresses the most important types of catalytic reactions and catalysts as used in industrial practice. Both applied aspects and the essential scientific principles are described. The main topics can be summarized as follows: heterogeneous, homogeneous and biocatalysis, catalyst preparation and characterization, catalytic reaction engineering and kinetics, catalyst deactivation and industrial perspective.